Annex II

Abbreviations & Acronyms
A ADB AIJ ALM A/R B BAU BECS BOD BRT C CAA CAFÉ CANZ CBA CCGT CCS CDM CER CFCs CFL CGE CHP CONCAWE COD COP CSD CSP D DAES DES DSM E EBRD EC EEA EECCA EIT EMAS EMF EPR EPRI ESCO ETS EU F FAO FC FCCC FDI FOB FOD Asian Development Bank Activities Implemented Jointly Africa, Latin America, Middle East Region (SRES and post-SRES scenarios) Afforestation and Reforestation Business As Usual Bioenergy with CCS Biochemical Oxygen Demand / Biological Oxygen Demand Bus Rapid transport Clean Air Act Corporate Average Fuel Economy Canada, Australia and New Zealand Cost Benefit Analysis Combined Cycle Gas Turbine Carbon Capture and Storage Clean Development Mechanism Certified Emission Reduction Chlorofluorocarbons Compact Fluorescent Lamp Computable General Equilibrium Combined Heat and Power European Oil Company Organisation for Environment, Health, and Safety Chemical Oxygen Demand Conference of the Parties / Coefficient of Performance Commission for Sustainable Development Concentrating Solar Power Domestic Alternative Energy Sources Development, Equity and Sustainability Demand Side Management European Bank for Reconstruction and Development European Commission European Environmental Agency Countries of Eastern Europe, the Caucasus and Central Asia Economy In Transition ECO-Management and Audit Scheme (EU) Energy Modeling Forum (Stanford University) Extended Producer Responsibility Electric Power Research Institute Energy Service Company Emission Trading Scheme (EU) European Union Food & Agriculture Organization Fuel Cell Framework Convention on Climate Change (UN) Foreign Direct Investment Free on Board First-Order Decay

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Abbreviations and Acronyms

G GATT GCM GDP GEF GHG GMT GNP GPP GWP H HDI HFC HSS HVAC I IA IAEA IAES ICAO ICE IDP IEA IET IGO IIASA IMO IPCC ISIC ISO IT ITC ITER IUCN J J JI JRC L LCA LHV LNG LPG M MAC MBT MDG MEA MOP N NAFTA NEDC NGO NIC NMHC NMT NMVOC

General Agreement on Trade and Tariffs Global Climate Model Gross Domestic Product Global Environment Facility Green House Gas Global Mean Temperature Gross National Product Gross Primary Production Global Warming Potential Human Development Index Hydrofluorocarbons High Strength Steels Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning Integrated Assessment International Atomic Energy Agency Imported Alternative Energy Sources International Civil Aviation Organization Internal Combustion Engine Integrated Design Process (for buildings) International Energy Agency International Emission Trading Intergovernmental Organization International Institute for Applied System Analysis International Maritime Organization Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change International Standard Industrial Classification International Standardization Organization Information Technology Induced Technological Change International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor International Union for the Conservation of Nature and natural resources Joule =Newton x meter (International Standard unit of energy) Joint Implementation Joint Research Centre (EU) Life Cycle Assessment Lower Heating Value Liquefied Natural Gas Liquid Petroleum Gas Marginal Abatement Cost Mechanical Biological Treatment Millennium Development Goals Multilateral Environmental Agreements Meeting Of the Parties (Kyoto Protocol) North American Free Trade Agreement New European Driving Cycle Non-Governmental Organization Newly Industrialized Country Non-Methane Hydro Carbon Non-Motorised Transport Non-Methane Volatile Organic Compounds

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Abbreviations and Acronyms

O O&M ODA ODS OECD OPEC P PAYT PFC ppm [ v / w ] PPP PV Q QELRCs R RD&D S SAR SBSTA SCC SD SMEs SPM SRCCS SRES SRLULUCF SROC SRTT T TAR TPES TWA U UK UN UNCED UNDP UNEP UNFCCC USA V VAT VOC W W WBCSD WCED WEC WG I WG II WG III WHO WTO WWF

Operation and Maintenance Official Development Assistance Ozone Depleting Substances Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries Pay As You Throw Perfluorocarbon parts per million [by volume / weight] Purchasing Power Parity Photovoltaïc Quantified Emission Limitation or Reduction Commitments Research,Development and Demonstration Second Assessment Report ( IPCC) Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice Social Cost of Carbon Sustainable Development Small and Medium Enterprises Summary for Policy Makers Special Report on Carbon Capture and Storage (IPCC) Special Report on Emissions Scenarios (IPCC) Special Report on Land-Use, Land-Use Change and Forestry (IPCC) Special Report on Ozone and Climate (IPCC) Special Report on methodological and technological issues in Technology Transfer (IPCC) Third Assessment Report (IPCC) Total Primary Energy Supply Tolerable Windows Approach United Kingdom United Nations UN Conference on Environment and Development UN Development Programme UN Environment Programme UN Framework Convention on Climate Change United States of America Value Added Tax Volatile organic compound Watt = Joule/second (International Standard unit of power) World Business Council for Sustainable Development World Commission on Environment and Development World Energy Council Working Group One of the IPCC Working Group Two of the IPCC Working Group Three of the IPCC World Health Organization (UN) World Trade Organization World Wide Fund for nature

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Abbreviations and Acronyms

Chemical Symbols
C C2F6 CF4 CFCs CH4 CO CO2 H / H2 H 2O HFCs N / N2 N 2O NF3 NH3 / NH4+ NMVOC NO NO2 NOx O / O2 O3 P SF6 SO2 SOx VOCs Carbon Perfluoroethane / Hexafluoroethane Perfluoromethane / Tetrafluoromethane Chlorofluorocarbons Methane Carbon monoxide Carbon dioxide Hydrogen (element / gas) Water / Water vapor Hydrofluorocarbons Nitrogen (element /gas) Nitrous Oxide Nitrogen trifluoride Ammonia / Ammonium ion Non-methane Volatile Organic Compounds Nitric oxide Nitrogen dioxide The sum of NO and NO2 expressed in NO2 mass equivalent Oxygen (element / gas) Ozone Phosphorus Sulphur hexafluoride Sulphur dioxide Sulphur oxides expressed in SO2 mass equivalent Volatile Organic Compounds

Prefixes for basic physical units
Enlargement name deca hecto kilo mega giga tera peta exa symbol da h k M G T P E factor 10+2 10+3 10+6 10+9 10+12 10+15 10+18 10
+1

Reduction name deci centi milli micro nano pico femto atto symbol d c m µ n p f a factor 10-2 10-3 10-6 10-9 10-12 10-15 10-18 10
-1

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