History of the Republic of India - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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History of the Republic of India
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The history of the Republic of India began on 26 January 1950. The country became an independent dominion within the British Commonwealth 15 August 1947. George VI (Albert Frederick Arthur George) was King until the Republic was proclaimed in 1950. Concurrently the Muslim-majority northwest and east of British India was separated into the Dominion of Pakistan, by the partition of India. The partition led to a population transfer of more than 10 million people between India and Pakistan and the death of about one million people.[1] Lord Louis Mountbatten, and later Chakravarti Rajagopalachari served in the office of the Governor General of India. Jawaharlal Nehru became the first Prime Minister of India and Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel became the Deputy Prime Minister of India and its Minister of Home Affairs. But, Mohandas Gandhi accepted no office and chose to pay a visit to the riot-torn areas of Bengal and Bihar, where he tried through his presence and influence to stop the communal killing. On 26 January 1950, India became a republic and a new constitution came into effect under which India was established as a secular and a democratic state.[2] In the years since independence India has made huge progress and coped with great problems, and has developed its industry and its agriculture, and has maintained a system of government which makes it the largest democracy in the world. The nation has faced challenges from religious violence, casteism, naxalism, terrorism and regional separatist insurgencies, especially in Jammu and Kashmir and northeastern India. India has unresolved territorial disputes with the People's Republic of China, which, in 1962, escalated into the Sino-Indian War, and with Pakistan, which resulted in wars in 1947, 1965, 1971 and 1999. India is a state armed with nuclear weapons; having conducted its first nuclear test in 1974, [3] followed by another five tests in 1998.[3]

Part of a series on the

History of Modern India

Pre-Independence British Raj (1858–1947) Indian independence movement (1857–1947) Partition of India (1947) Post-Independence Political integration of India (1947–49) States Reorganisation Act (1956) Non-Aligned Movement (1956– ) Green Revolution (1970s) Indo-Pakistani War of 1971 Emergency (1975–77) 1990s in India Economic liberalisation in India 2000s in India See also History of India History of South Asia

History of South Asia History of India
Stone age (7000–3000 BCE) Mehrgarh Culture (7000–3300 BCE) Bronze age (3000–1300 BCE) Indus Valley Civilization (3300–1700 BCE) – Early Harappan Culture (3300–2600 BCE) – Mature Harappan Culture (2600–1900 BCE) – Late Harappan Culture (1700–1300 BCE) Ochre Coloured Pottery culture (from 2000 BCE)