1

2009

PART ONE: LISTENING COMPREHENSION Directions: You will hear a text about tourists¶ impressions of France twice. Before you listen to it, you have 1 minute to read the questions. While listening for the first time, you can look at the questions and the suggested choices, but you are not allowed to take notes. When you hear the whole text, you have 5 minutes to answer the questions on your answer sheet, choosing among A, B or C. Then you will hear the text again and will have 1 minute to check your answers. 1. The French seem to feel inferior to foreigners. A) True. B) False. C) No information in the text. 2. The people of France lack confidence and certainty about their future. A) True. B) False. C) No information in the text. 3. French red wines are losing their popularity in Europe. A) True. B) False. C) No information in the text. 4. More than half of the French take anti-depressants. A) True. B) False. C) No information in the text. 5. In contrast to France, Germany and Britain do not suffer from high unemployment, economic slow-down or growing immigrant population. A) True. B) False. C) No information in the text. Directions: You will hear a text about genetic engineering twice. Before you listen to it, you have 1 minute to read the questions. While listening for the first time, you can look at the questions and the suggested choices, but you are not allowed to take notes. When you hear the whole text, you have 5 minutes to answer the questions on your answer sheet, choosing among A, B or C. Then you will hear the text again and will have 1 minute to check your answers. 6. Genetically modified plants have better resistance to bugs and diseases. A) True. B) False. C) No information in the text. 7. Genetically engineered tomatoes are more delicious. A) True. B) False. C) No information in the text. 8. Genetically modified tomatoes have tougher skin than regular ones. A) True. B) False. C) No information in the text. 9. The new genes in plants might lead to toxic chemical reactions. A) True. B) False. C) No information in the text. 10. Bacteria cannot mutate and adjust to new conditions. A) True. B) False. C) No information in the text. Directions: You will hear a text about a well-known newspaper twice. Before you listen to it, you have 2 minutes to read the questions. While listening for the first time, you can look at the questions and the suggested choices, but you are not allowed to take notes. When you hear the whole text, you have 5 minutes to answer the questions on your answer sheet, choosing among A, B, C or D. Then you will hear the text again and will have 1 minute to check your answers. 11. The Guardian Weekly gives information about A) music and arts. B) arts, music and movies. C) sports and politics. D) arts and films. 12. The Guardian Weekly covers news from A) Europe and Asia. B) Asia and America. C) Europe and America. D) All over the world. 13. Nelson Mandela is mentioned in the text because he A) used to read the Guardian Weekly.

17. 15. C) No information in the text. D) contributed articles to the Guardian .B) stayed in prison for a long time. B) False. B) once a week. Effective communication between the parties is all but impossible if each plays to the gallery. B) False. When the negotiating parties speak different languages. C) No information in the text. 18. there is no communication. or at least not in such a way as to be understood. C) once a month. marking the answer on your answer sheet. you listen carefully to what the other side is saying. A) True. The Guardian Weekly is published A) every day. Anyone observing or participating in negotiations for the first time cannot fail to be struck by the ritual of it all. A) True. 16. that you forget to listen to what the other side is saying now. C) can read the Guardian Weekly both in print and online. The participants are extremely polite and formal. D) every four weeks. 19. you may be so busy thinking about what you are going to say next. But if you are not hearing what the other side is saying. The end often comes suddenly although sometimes it is difficult to see why since nothing definite seems to have been agreed. B or C. What one says. One makes a point and then the other responds. If you are a subscriber you A) can read the Guardian Weekly only in print. you would be unable to repeat what they said. Effective communication is impossible if negotiators are trying to impress third parties. misunderstandings occur more frequently. PART TWO: READING COMPREHENSION Directions: Read the text below. C) No information in the text. Where the parties speak different languages. they try to talk the spectators into taking sides. the chance for misinterpretation is even greater. partners play tricks on one another. they may not be hearing you. Frequently each side has given up on the other and is no longer attempting any serious communication with it. Rather than trying to dance with their negotiating partners toward a mutually agreeable outcome. In order to reach a mutually agreeable decision. . In a negotiation. Negotiations over the phone are more successful than face-to-face negotiations. communication from one to the other can seem like sending smoke signals in a high wind. B) can read the Guardian Weekly only online. Some points seem hardly relevant to the issues on the agenda. the other may misinterpret. Then read the questions that follow it and choose the best answer to each question among A. Even when negotiators are in the same room. A) True. While you are thinking about what you¶re going to say next. 14. Instead they talk merely to impress third parties. There are three big problems with communication. This constitutes the second problem in communication. 20. C) No information in the text. they speak slowly and deliberately and their language is full of rhetoric. C) used information from the Guardian. A) True. negotiators may not be talking to each other. they try to trip him up. how you are going to respond to that last point or how you are going to frame your next argument. Even if you are talking directly and clearly to them. D) will have access to former digital editions. First. Instead of trying to talk their partner into a more constructive step. B) False. Probably equally often. Note how often people don¶t seem to pay enough attention to what you say. The third communication problem is misunderstanding. B) False.

To be considered authentic. 8) water. Then read the questions that follow it and choose the best answer to each question among A. 25. 6) various types of spatial connections. Many garden plants have essential symbolism. C) beautiful but cold. Chinese gardens are a combination of landscape and paintings together with poems this is the so-called "poetic garden". Most garden plants are A) symbols of human virtues. Early sources referred to the town as "Earthly Paradise". 2) small. Goldfish. C) No information in the text. D) beautiful and simple. 21. a garden must be built and planned around seventeen essential elements among which 1) proximity to the home. B. Which of the following is NOT mentioned as an essential element of a Chinese garden? A) Pools and streams. 11) sculpture. 4) small individual sections. 7) rocks. B) beautiful and peaceful. Even the artistic designs of pavement and gravel offer enjoyment. C) family parties. C) Benches and sunshades. 10) plants. and mandarin ducks are three of the most commonly raised fauna. B) cultural heritage. Its mild climate. Pine trees represent wisdom. Windows frame garden views. along with 230 frost-free days and around 1100 mm of rain annually make the area perfect for gardening endeavors. Chinese gardens are designed to be A) beautiful but artificial. D) splendid gardens. B) extremely expensive. 3) walled. Temples. and the landscape wonderful. marking the answer on your answer sheet. C) great art masters. Gardening in Suzhou reached its height during the Ming and Qing dynasties. 12) chimes etc.A) True. Decorative rocks are used both for structural and sculptural purposes. 5) asymmetrical. B) Statues and stones. 22. Suzhou is located in the southeastern part of Jiangsu Province. Chinese gardens are meant for A) long walks. B) relaxation. Suzhou was called ³Earthly Paradise´ because of its A) humid climate. bamboo represents strength and upright morality and the lotus symbolizes purity (and is also a revered Buddhist plant). There were over 280 private gardens then in Suzhou and landscaping became an art with established masters. C) in blossom even in winter. carp. B) False. Directions: Read the text below. D) Shrubs and flowers. 9) trees. CHINESE GARDENS The Chinese (Scholar's) Garden is a place for solitary or social contemplation of nature. 23. A classical example of Chinese gardens are the gardens of Suzhou. C or D. the surrounding is quiet and cool. D) social gatherings. The goal of the design is to make the scenery beautiful. . Plum trees are also extremely valuable to the Chinese for their beautiful pink and white blooms during winter. D) religious symbols. 24. resthouses and short bridges are common features. Sixty-nine gardens in and around Suzhou are preserved as important national cultural heritage sites.

Then read the questions that follow it and choose the best answer to each question among A. Men and women often talk about A) the same things. women are more comfortable talking about personal topics and feelings. B) different things. Communication is one of the biggest challenges in relationships between men and women. Understanding the differences can help men and women communicate more effectively. it is important for men to see who is the leader in the group. Second. . and then want to talk about something else. however. In conversations. 26. D) disregard others¶ opinions in taking a decision. on the other hand. women may think it is important to discuss how they feel about a problem. C or D. Men. B) discussing personal problems. Men often talk about personal achievements and the important things they have done. Men and women have very different communication styles. Men build friendships by doing activities together. First. D) boasting of their own achievements. Researchers say that the main problem is different communication styles. and at work. are less comfortable discussing their feelings. The third problem is that women often think that men don¶t want to discuss things. Men and women will start communicating more effectively if A) women stop complaining. C) feelings. The topics of conversation are also different between men and women. Men like to talk about what is happening in the world. and sports. C) are exactly as quick as men in taking a decision. Many men don¶t like to talk about emotions and feelings. 28. As men and women learn more about their different communication styles. B) jump directly on conclusions. On the other hand. business. prefer to come to a solution. B) solutions. Actually. Men make friends with others by A) sharing feelings with them. marking the answer on your answer sheet. men just want to discuss different things. 30. Women usually A) take more time to come to a decision than men do. Talking about problems is important in friendships for women. women build friendships by sharing feelings. men often think that women are complaining. Men offer a solution to a problem. This is true at home. Men usually take a direct approach to a problem and suggest a solution. 29.Directions: Read the text below. How do these different communication styles cause problems in relationships? There are several ways. Men often make decisions more quickly than women. D) communication styles. 27. Women like to talk with other people before they make a decision. Communication Styles of Men and Women The key to getting along well with others is good communication skills. B. Women like to discuss personal issues and talk about their feelings. C) problems in their relationships. because women want to continue talking about their feelings. they can better understand each other. Even at school or on the job. Men. C) doing things together with them. at school. Women¶s communication style is to discuss problems and ask other people for their opinions. They also prefer to make decisions by themselves. Men prefer to talk about A) problems. D) women.

with participants being eliminated from the show (39) _______ regular intervals by either the viewing audience or. A) attain B) earn C) win D) gamble 32. a (36) _______ of judges. or some combination of the three. The company has gained popularity by their _______ range of products at competitive prices. or not. often while living together in a (32) _______ environment. or so-called "reality game shows". 46. A) excluded B) exiled C) rejected D) removed 34. B. Voting is done by either the viewing audience. B. 31. There (40) _______ some disagreement over whether talent-search shows such as American Idol. in which participants are filmed competing to (31) _______ a prize. A) situation B) disposition C) localities D) location 45. A) disagreement B) disapproval C) disposal D) displeasure 36. In many cases. A very popular type of reality TV is "reality-competition". They haven¶t been able to pinpoint the _______ of the boat yet. in which cast members live together in the same house. A) exposed B) exhibited C) represented D) performed Section Two: Sentence Completion Directions: Read the sentences and for each numbered gap. marking your answer on your answer sheet. C) they learn some communication skills. A well-known example of a reality-competition show is the (38) _______ popular Big Brother. Usually this is done by eliminating participants one at a time through either (35) _______ voting or by voting for the most popular choice to win. A) commission B) staff C) company D) board 37. A) worldly B) globally C) totally D) commonly 39. A) claimed B) appointed C) declared D) promoted 35. A) various B) variable C) wide D) long 43. C or D) of the word or phrase that best completes its meaning." a term (37) _______ by Steve Beverly. A) successive B) successful C) succeeding D) succession 42. D) they understand each other better. A) confined B) refined C) limited D) encircled 33. _____________ economy of the country is in decay. A) stands B) stays C) remains D) resides 41. marking your answer on your answer sheet. the American Primetime Emmy Awards have nominated both American Idol and Dancing with the Stars for the Outstanding Reality-Competition Programme Emmy. My latest photographs will be _______ in Venice at the end of this year. the show's own participants. Dancing with the Stars. For each numbered gap choose the letter (A. A) An B) A C) The D) Some . These programs have also been called "game operas.B) men agree to discuss problems and share their feelings. A) coined B) thought C) born D) compiled 38. by the participants themselves. PART THREE: USE OF ENGLISH Section One: Cloze Test Directions: Read the text and the sentences below. participants are (33) _______ until only one person or team remains. and Celebrity Duets are truly reality television. C or D) of the word or phrase that best completes each space. A) by B) in C) after D) at 40. There will be _______ two members of the jury who will vote guilty. who/which is then (34) _______ the winner. Melissa has been elected Chairman of the Students¶ Council for three _______ years. a college professor in Tennessee and webmaster of TVGameShows. A) at last B) lastly C) at least D) in the least 44. Anyway. choose the letter (A. in the case of the American version.net.

³Would you mind ««««««««««««««««««««««««««. Four suitcases of 15 kilos each are too many to take on board a plane. 52.. 1 2 - 2009 . They will have finished the job ______________ this time tomorrow. The rehearsal hasn¶t finished yet. You¶d «««««««««««««««««««««««««. choosing among A. I was just kissing Gregory good-bye when my granny opened the front door and saw us. ³Could you help me with the suitcase. don¶t go too near the edge of the cliff. 59. 60 kilos is ««««««luggage««««««««««««««« 56. young man?´ Mr Jones asked.. A) careful B) more carefully C) more careful D) carefully 48. Before you listen to it.. if any? . B or C. A) on B) by C) until D) to Section Three: Sentence Transformations Directions: On your sheet for open-ended answers complete the second sentence so that it is as close as possible in meaning to the first one. you can look at the questions and the suggested choices. When you hear the whole text. Peter«««««««««««««««««««««««««« PART FOUR: WRITING Directions: On your sheet for open-ended answers write a composition of about 140-170 words on ONE of the following topics: 1. The rules I have broken. I should have been more careful. 51. Slow down! The road is under construction. He shouldn¶t«««««««««««««««««««««««««. ______ you do. She««««««««««««««««««««««««for over two hours now. you have 5 minutes to answer the questions on your answer sheet. Then you will hear the text again and will have 1 minute to check . you have 1 minute to read the questions.47. I don¶t thing letting youngsters out until midnight is good. While listening for the first time. 58. Describe the person who has influenced you most. If ««««««««««««««««««««««««. When do people break rules? What sort of people break rules? What rules have you broken ± consciously or not? Why? What were the consequences. The professor is examining Peter right now so he cannot speak on the phone. . but you are not allowed to take notes. . I never thought snow boarding could be dangerous before I broke my leg. He regrets he fell asleep in the middle of the show. To swim while it¶s raining is great fun! Peter enjoyed «««««««««««««««««««««««««. 60. 57. She started her rehearsal two hours ago. The men have worked a lot______ since they had a pay rise. 54.. A) Whenever B) However C) Whatever D) Wherever 50.. 55. What qualities of his/hers do you admire most? In what way(s) has he/she influenced you? 2. I don¶t think allowing ««««««««««««««««««««««««««« 53. PART ONE: LISTENING COMPREHENSION Directions: You will hear a text about tourists¶ impressions of France twice. A) is built B) has been built C) was built D) have been built 49. The guide said that the castle _______ in 1265. My granny opened the door and saw «««««««««««««««««««««.

your answers. Then you will hear the text again and will have 1 minute to check your answers. Trouble is. which scholars can hardly understand. It has adjustment mechanisms. You recognize immediately it was made in a lab. which traditionally celebrates red wine. Maybe that is so. And who decides that? The biotech company. an immigrant Arab underclass threatening to explode. for instance. but you are not allowed to take notes. which introduced it. The French language and culture are Americanized. There¶s little flavor and fragrance. nutrition and longevity. scientists have no idea what all the nutrients and non-nutrient substances in a regular tomato (or any other food) might be. you can look at the questions and the suggested choices. are famous for their ability to mutate and adapt to new circumstances.too bad. While listening for the first time. But France. Scientists can hardly fool Mother Nature. Tourists visiting France this summer will find the French as haughty as ever. Bacteria. of course. Confused by change like no other West Europeans. The genetically modified tomato has unnaturally tough skin. one Frenchman in four takes anti-depressants. economic stagnation and increasing immigrant population. Using genetic modification. a government that throws fortunes away on industrial losers and ministers who routinely give in to special interests. Directions: You will hear a text about genetic engineering twice. housewives tend to microwave their dinners. like Britain. increasing the quality and quantity of the world¶s food supply. If it¶s been cutting on funding for research . Before you listen to it. What really punctures French self-esteem is the fact that the world is rapidly becoming dominated by the English language and American values. Some. Traditional crossbreeding methods are already used to make corn sweeter and roses more beautiful. While listening for the first time. you can look at the . They still seem to think that even big-spending foreigners don¶t deserve to taste the glories of French history and culture. The French feel strangely unsure of themselves and uncertain of their future. but they take a lot of time and labour and leave too much to chance. In a country. Directions: You will hear a text about a well-known newspaper twice. the French are suffering a severe crisis of confidence. scientists plan to make plants resistible to bugs and diseases ± and to improve their taste. When you hear the whole text. you have 1 minute to read the questions. fascinated by its own history has not faced up to reality. claims that the new tomato is the same as the regular one except for a gene that slows down softening. Before you listen to it. Researchers are even looking at bananas and potatoes that can deliver built-in vaccines for disease. B or C. The French worry that their culture is being swamped. Yet beneath the mask of superiority. have adjusted gracefully to a diminished world role. you have 2 minutes to read the questions. choosing among A. The symptoms of crisis are high unemployment. you have 5 minutes to answer the questions on your answer sheet. The biotech company. straight from the frozen-food section. A little America? Or a greater North Africa? Other powerful industrialized nations like Germany also have to deal with angry youth. France sees its influence shrinking. Many companies are now using genetic engineering to create new and better varieties of plants. Could the new gene set off a chemical chain reaction that proves toxic or provokes unexpected changes in the environment? Test tubes aren¶t the same as nature. It is worrying that new foods do not require any testing unless they are substantially different from the originals or prove hazardous. Human lives might be at risk. the French wonder what kind of nation they are becoming. A herbicide-resistant gene is now being put into soybean plant.

questions and the suggested choices. B. and to access an archive of former editions in digital form. B 1 11. One week you might be reading about a film-maker working with the explorers of an Indonesia volcano. A 1 8. D 1 9. You might not be able to hear in person the wonderful new music coming out of Africa or India. As a subscriber you'll also be able to read the Weekly online in its digital format from the afternoon that it is printed. C or D. B 1 30. B 1 26. A 1 38. B 1 40. Whereas every seven days. A 1 45. You get much more reliable information. another about the women photographers breaking through social barriers in Iran. Then you will hear the text again and will have 1 minute to check your answers. describing it in his autobiography as a "window on the wider world". If after four weeks you decide that the Guardian Weekly isn't for you. C 1 18. just cancel your subscription. C 1 16. "Some people go to church or the synagogue each week for a spiritual re-charge . B 1 36. C 1 44. And the therapy is better!". without fail.000 people in over 100 countries. A 1 33. A 1 31. C 1 43. A 1 27. You might not always be able to see the latest blockbuster exhibition in Paris or London or New York or Sydney. C 1 19. C 1 28. D 1 6. 1. B 1 14. you have 5 minutes to answer the questions on your answer sheet. B 1 29. but you are not allowed to take notes. As a regular reader said. ±1 2 2009 . B 1 3. A 1 42. A 1 34. A 1 41. A 1 17. Indeed. D 1 15. I go to the Guardian Weekly. D 1 20. C 1 39. B 1 . Nelson Mandela read the Guardian Weekly while he was in prison. choosing among A. music and film. When you hear the whole text. B 1 2. C 1 10. D 1 37. or about a new exhibition of Old Masters in Amsterdam. C 1 7. But as a subscriber to the Guardian Weekly you'll be up with the latest trends and events in the arts. This offer represents a completely risk-free commitment. B 1 32. C 1 5. Coming from all backgrounds and ways of life.or to their psychiatrist. Guardian Weekly readers are often passionate contributors to society. no money will be taken from your account. D 1 12. B 1 35. A 1 13. A 1 4. The Guardian Weekly is read by almost 200.

( . 59. young man?´. : 1. ³Would you 60 : 0±2 . You¶d better slow down for/as/because the road is under construction. B 1 51 51. B 1 49. 57. 55. C 1 24.21. Mr Jones asked. 5. . Peter is being examined by the professor right now so he cannot speak on the phone. ±0±9 . 2. I don¶t think allowing youngsters (to be) out until midnight is good. She has been rehearsing for over two hours now. ± 0± 2 . C 1 22. ±0±7 . 52. 53. . Peter enjoyed swimming while it¶s raining. 54. 56. ±0±9 . 58. C 1 47. If I had been more careful I wouldn¶t have broken my leg. mind helping me with the suitcase. ±0±3 . He shouldn¶t have fallen asleep in the middle of the show. 0 . 60 kilos is too much luggage to take on board a plane. B 1 46. C 1 25. 3. B 1 23. . 4. My granny opened the door and saw me kissing/kiss Gregory good-bye. A 1 48. ) 60 . D 1 50. 60.