Mother Teresas Style of Leadership Indiana State University ITE 675 Leadership in HRD Joseph I.

Williams 3/12/2003

Introduction This research discusses the topic of leadership in Human Resource Development. An objective was identifying a leader and determining the type of leadership he or she exhibits. A biographical sketch of Mother Teresa describes her life and style of leadership and how this relates to training and education in Human Resource Development. Mother Teresa Mother Teresa is among the most fascinating and highly respected women of the twentieth century. She was a woman who saved lives and changed them through the sheer force of her faith and determination. Mother Teresa was devoted to be love in action on earth. She was born Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu in 1910 in Skopje, Yugoslavia. Since her father was co-owner of a construction firm, her family lived comfortably while she was growing up. In 1928 she suddenly decided to become a nun and traveled to Dublin, Ireland, to join the Sisters of Loreto, a religious order founded in the seventeenth century. After studying at the convent for less than a year, she left to join the Loreto convent in the city of Darjeeling in northeast India. On May 24, 1931, she took the name of "Teresa" in honor of St. Teresa of Lisieux (The Gale Group, 1998). In 1948 she founded a religious order of nuns in Calcutta, India, called the Missionaries of Charity. Through this association, she dedicated her life to helping the poor, the sick, and the

Mother Teresa once said in 1989 "My doctors are always telling me that I must not travel so much. In today's ever-changing industries an increasing role of HRD professionals is to assist organizations to create.dying around the world. that I must slow down. Kennedy International Award. of a heart attack." Eight years later Mother Teresa died on September 5th. In 1979 Mother Teresa received the Nobel Peace Prize for work undertaken in the struggle to overcome poverty and distress. Leadership is critical to the achievement of high performance. Her selfless work with the needy has brought her much acclaim and many awards. Mother Teresa also received the Jonaharlal Nehru Award. Life is not worth living unless it is lived for others. 1997. no matter what the business or area of responsibility. She was eighty-seven years old. When Mother Teresa was eighty years old. she still continued traveling and working. maintain. but I have all eternity to rest and there is so much still to do. Even though Mother Teresa became weak. which also constitute a threat to peace. Leadership in Human Resource Development The concept of leadership in training and education is an important aspect of Human Resource Development. Mother Teresa received the Pope John XXIII Peace Prize in 1971. Mother Teresa received the John F. and continually improve the policies. particularly those in India. she started to suffer from heart problems. strategies and tactics that are needed to secure and sustain a learning organizations position of competitive advantage and market strength. . Mother Teresas Achievements  In 1962 Mother Teresa won the Pandra Shri prize for extraordinary services.  Mother Teresa received the Templeton Award for progress in religion.

is concerned with engaging the hearts and minds of others. It requires trust. to plan and organize. and work within the structures and boundaries of the organization (Avolio and Bass. According to Bass and Avolio (1993) transformational leadership. leaders seem to come to the force when there is a crisis or special problem. but is difficult to describe. 1993). coaching. First. the idea that the relationship between leader and their followers develops from the exchange of some reward. Transformational and Transactional Leadership According to Bass and Avolio (1993) transactional leadership is built on reciprocity. to solve problems. It requires leadership skills such as the ability to obtain results. Second. 1994). In other words. and developing others and challenging the . Four things stand out in this respect. There are almost as many definitions as there are commentators. Fourth. Avolio and Bass (1994) wrote that such a relationship depends on hierarchy and the ability to work through this mode of exchange. It involves leaders clarifying goals and objectives. to lead involves influencing others. leaders are peopling who are able to think and act creatively in non-routine situations. communicating to organize tasks and activities with the co-operation of their employees to ensure that wider organizational goals are met (Bass and Avolio. concern and facilitation rather than direct control. empowering people to control themselves.But what is leadership? It seems to be one of those qualities that you know when you see it. to control through structures and processes. beliefs and feelings of others. Thus. Many associate leadership with one person leading. Third. The skills required are concerned with establishing a long-term vision. they often become visible when an innovative response is needed. leaders are people who have a clear idea of what they want to achieve and why. on the other hand. and who set out to influence the actions. where there are leaders there are followers.

developed and shared. the power of the leader comes from creating understanding and trust. . However. A transformational leader has the ability to inspire members of an organization to aspire to. creating a high performance culture in an organization requires elements of transactional leadership to ensure a clear focus on the achievement and measurement of results. In contrast. 1993). more that they thought was possible. future research is necessary to determine which characteristics of the two leadership styles can be empirically studied and which style is superior. lies in ones ability in combining the two. it becomes clear that they have very different qualities. While transformational leadership is popular. Mother Teresa was as exceptional leader who exhibited charisma and had the ability to inspire the members of her order to transcend their own self-interests to achieve the vision. results and procedures are delivered. The approach to good leadership then. Conclusion As soon as we study the lives of people who have been labeled as great or effective leaders.culture to change (Bass and Avolio. so that targets. In transformational leadership. 1994). She is an ultimate example of transformational leadershipa model for helping others aspire to and attain high levels of performance for themselves and the organization. and to achieve. in transactional leadership power is based much more on the notion of hierarchy and position (Avolio and Bass.