''Environmental impact of illegal mining much serious in Goa

PTI | 08:09 PM,Sep 26,2011

Panaji, Sept 26 (PTI) The Leader of Opposition in Goa, Manohar Parrikar today said that even though the quantum of illegal mining in Goa is equal to that in Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh together, its environmental impact is much worse in the state. Addressing a press conference today, Parrikar said that being a small state as compared to Karnataka, the impact of illegal mining is 15 to 20 times more in Goa. "The quantum of illegal mining in the state is almost equal to Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh together. However, Karnataka is a bigger state and if there is a particular quantum of illegal iron ore extracted, the impact is divided.But Goa, being a small state, the impact would be more," he explained. He said that the quantum of royalty evasion has increased substantially due to the China boom that hit the iron ore extraction business. "After the (China) boom, royalty leakage has increased manifold," he said, adding that illegal mining has overshadowed legal mining owing to it. The BJP leader said that there is a chance to say that political patronage is the main cause of illegal mining. "Government has not been able to stop illegal mining until February 2011, when the Public Accounts committee (PAC) started investigating," Parrikar, who heads the PAC, said. Alleging lack of political will for stopping illegal mining, Parrikar said that the committee headed by Chief Conservator of Forests (CCF) had identified 30 mines that are violating rules. "Only one mine was stopped. That too, because locals protested," he said. Alleging that all the ministers in the ruling government are responsible for illegal mining, Parrikar demanded a probe by CBI or independent authority to inquire about their involvement in illegal mining.

Impact on Environment

Mining has also created a degraded environment and is also a matter of concern. Damage to the environment is mainly done by the reject dumps, pumping out of muddy waters from the working pits including those where the mining operations have gone below the water table, and slimes from the beneficiation plant. The damage is more evidenced during monsoon where the rain water carries the washed out material from the waste dumps to the adjoining low-lying agricultural fields and water streams. It is stated that the slimes and silts, which enter the agricultural field are of such character that they get hardened on drying. The washed out material from the dumps and the flow of slimes from the beneficial plants besides polluting the water causes Siltation of water- ways, especially during monsoon. Such silting of water ways over the years may trigger years even flooding of the adjacent fields and inhabitated areas, especially during monsoon. Several major environmental problems caused due to mining operations are as under:

including that of Dempo which it acquired two years back. In Karnataka. Sesa is selling from its inventory through e-auction. is expected to release its report later this week. on a year-on-year (y-o-y) basis. could have significant impact on Sesa Goa The Shah Commission. probing illegal mining in Goa. to Rs7. preferring anonymity. the largest and only listed iron ore firm from the state.90 billion . PINC Research has said in a report.” Sesa Goa is the largest exporter of iron ore from Goa. were shut due to non-renewal of contracts. “Sesa Goa’s operations in Orissa. “Even though Sesa Goa has indicated little involvement in the alleged illegal mining. Goa accounts for 22% of iron ore with output of 50mntpa (million tonnes per annum).” He added. Considering the mining ban in Karnataka.Deforestation Land degradation Groundwater pollution Surface water pollution Dust pollution Damage to beaches Illegal mining in Goa: Sesa Goa’s business likely to be impacted November 02. “Sesa Goa mines around 15MT-16MT of iron ore annually from Goa. to be released later this week. as Goa currently accounts for approximately100% (barring a little sale in Karnataka through e-auctions) of Sesa Goa’s iron-ore operations. told Moneylife. there would be significant impact on Sesa Goa’s business operations as its entire iron ore is exported. almost all of which is exported for its low grade and lack of sufficient beneficiation and pelletisation capacity. 2011 04:44 PM | Analysts say that the Shah Commission report. experts are cautious about the significance of the findings of the report that might impact Sesa Goa.” For Q2FY12. with around 34% of market share. any move of blanket ban on mining/exports from Goa would impact the company adversely. where the company had environmental clearance of 6MT (million tonnes). If the report (of the Shah Committee) suggests export ban or even an interim ban. the operations are shut due to complete export ban and the Supreme Court order. A research analyst from a Mumbai-based brokerage firm. Sesa Goa’s consolidated net sales declined by 14%. where it was operating as a third party.

Exports have been cited as the main reason for illegal mining in Goa. the PINC Research report says. being raised in the state about illegal mining The arrival of the Justice MB Shah Commission. set up to inquire into illegal mining in the country. “If developments in Karnataka are anything to go by.” It further adds. Considering MB Shah's comments in the media. the Supreme Court could recommend blanket ban on iron ore mining/ exports from Goa. “Even if the recommendation is only for ban on exports.mainly due to lower iron sales volume at 1. this implies that around 90% of the mining leases in Goa are being operated illegally.1% y-o-y). in Goa in September has opened up the proverbial can of worms.8% y-o-y) on account of the ban on iron ore mining in Karnataka and closure of third-party mines in Orissa and lower pig iron sales volume at 64.” Raising the dust on illegal mining in Goa Only nine of the 90 active mining leases in Goa appear to be valid. of even these nine valid mining leases. Interacting informally with the media on the sidelines of his meetings with Goa Chief Minister Digambar Kamat. and the Supreme Court ruling in Karnataka. members of the commission have revealed that preliminary investigations prima facie indicate that only nine mining leases out of a total of 336 in Goa. as the entire output is exported and there is a lack of domestic demand for the low grade ore. some are said to be operating . the PAC report. had found the mining scam to be around Rs4.611 tonnes (down 23. and Chief Secretary Sanjiv Srivastava. in case of an unfavourable report. Hence. unlike Karnataka.000 crore. The Public Accounts Committee (PAC) report on illegal mining in Goa. What’s more. have valid licenses to operate. preliminary investigations by the Justice MB Shah Commission reveal. finally. the impact of a ban/reduction of Goa iron ore on the domestic steel industry is not expected to be high. The rest have been exploiting a legal loophole to extract upto 54 million metric tonnes of iron ore per year.55MT (down 14. Considering that there are around 90 active mining leases in the state. Joseph Zuzarte reports on the dust that is. this could bring Goan iron ore mining to a halt.

Most of this is iron ore. Although only nine mining leases have been renewed. the unearthing of the ambiguities under which most of the mines in Goa operate following the visit of Justice Shah and other members of his Commission to some of the largest mining areas in Goa last week – the visits are still going on – has the potential to deal a deathblow to mining operations in Goa. Of the 54. Romania and Italy. initially for 10 years.4 million metric tonnes to Japan.45 million metric tonnes. In FY 2009-2010.without the mandatory clearance from the National Board of Wildlife (NBWL) required for carrying out mining within 10 km of a protected area. the politicians and bureaucrats who have facilitated the large-scale mining by bending the rules and turning a blind eye to the flouting of all laws. most of all.68 million metric tonnes were exported. only nine were renewed and notified by the union government under the Mineral Concession Rules. At the invitation of the then colonial government. 336 lease holders applied for renewals of their leases and were renewed for 10 years at a time. owners of lands next to the mining leases. you need to go back in time a little. a small percentage comes from neighbouring Karnataka. 54. Though the Indian army invaded Goa in December 1961 and ‘liberated’ the territory from Portuguese rule. 45. the status quo was maintained on these mining concessions and they were allowed to operate. Only a few were excavated over the years and many remained idle for want of demand because the iron ore was low-grade.93 million metric tonnes were sent to China. The then colonial government consequently granted mining concessions in specified areas to explore and extract the mineral ore. According to information provided by the Goa Mineral Ore Exporters Association (GMOEA). It’s been a win-win situation for many – the mining lease owners. Pakistan. which had also inquired into the illegal mining at Bellary in Karnataka. mineral prospectors from Japan surveyed the state and discovered huge reserves of iron ore. Thailand. to the pre-1961 period when Goa – then known as Estado de India – was ruled by the Portuguese. Though most of this ore is of Goan origin. in 1995-96. the highest by any state in the country. The history of the mining leases To really understand what has happened. But when these came up for renewal in 2007. The approval period. 1960.12 million metric tonnes were exported. In comparison. 48. has now been increased to 20 years. transporters of the ore and. led to Karnataka Lok Ayukta’s damning report against the Yedyurappa government and the arrest of mining magnate and Tourism Minister Janardhana Reddy and his associates only recently. In 1987. The findings of this same Shah Commission. Though this is preliminary information. The nearly four-fold growth in exports has been largely caused by the insatiable demand for ore from China. followed by 3. with a small percentage of manganese and bauxite (less than 20%). Netherlands. manganese and bauxite. The ore was also exported to South Korea. UAE.45 million metric tonnes of mineral ore were exported from Goa in 2010-11. in reality there are around 90 . Qatar.720 sq km) in the foothills of the Western Ghats. In all. mostly in the interior hilly areas of the tiny territory (Goa admeasures 3. so the mines renewed in 2007 are valid till 2027. Catering to this demand has led to an unprecedented boom in mining in Goa and consequently all legalities have been thrown to the winds in the rush to excavate the iron ore and export it. It was only in May 1987 that the union government converted them into mining leases through an act of Parliament. 336 mining leases were granted. 15.

seat of the Goa government. if all these mines operating without licenses are now stopped.45 million metric tonnes of ore. raised questions regarding the transfer and operation of mining leases operated by the Sesa Group which were bought out by the Vedanta-owned Sesa Group in June 2009 from VS Dempo and Company. at the Secretariat. Whenever the anti-mining lobby tried to make a point. The large pro-mining lobby came to the public hearing in strength and occupied most of the available space in the conference hall. The Shah Commission members are currently inspecting all the mines operating in Goa and have formed a number of teams comprising members from the union government and state officials to fan out all over the territory and verify all the documents. the top bureaucrat. it will be a deathblow for the mining industry in Goa and have far-reaching consequences. Justice Shah has asked if the leases formerly operated by VS Dempo and Co Pvt Ltd have been transferred to Sesa Resources under Rule 37 of the Mineral Concession Rules 1960 after necessary permissions from the central and state governments. To which Justice Shah. Article 37 A also states that the government’s consent on the transfer of lease has to take place within three months from the date of application. This is one of the mines that Justice Shah personally inspected last week. Talking to the media after Justice Shah’s meeting with him.mining leases which are being openly operated and which have exported the nearly 54. in his cool and calm manner. in Bellary. why mining companies were allowed to carry out mining without securing the requisite renewals. But on the other hand. all but shutting out those against mining. the promining lobby shouted them down. The findings of his Commission will be presented in a report to the central and state governments who will then decide whether to take any action. however. 2009. However. We will take all necessary steps to stop illegal mining in the state. could only be the tip of the iceberg. in which a few queries were raised. simply observed that legalising illegal mining was not within his jurisdiction. the findings of the same Shah Commission were used by the . He also observed that the authorities could have fixed a timeframe to decide about the applications for renewal. The pro-mining lobby had one simple demand – legalise all illegal mining because the livelihood of thousands depends on it. took advantage of a clause that their leases are deemed valid till the government decides either way on their applications for renewal of licenses. “We did have a meeting with the Shah Commission. There are indications that one of the first high-profile casualties of the Shah Commission’s visit to Goa could be the sprawling Dempo Mines in Bicholim taluka. the Chief Secretary of Goa. which in turn is owned by Vedanta. The Shah Commission. September 17. Justice Shah along with other members of his Commission held a public hearing on Saturday. This happened because of a legal loophole: lease holders whose applications for renewal have been pending since 2007. During his visit he inspected all documents and discovered that the Goa government had allowed mining in these leases without seeking permission from the centre to transfer the lease to the new company. in the meeting with Chief Secretary Sanjiv Srivastava. The Sesa buyout of Dempo happened on June 12. more than two years ago. now owned by Sesa Resources. A clearer picture will emerge when they submit their findings after 45 days. He reiterated that his findings are not binding and are only recommendatory in nature. This ambiguity led Justice Shah to pointedly ask the state authorities during his meeting with them on September 17.” That. said.

What was worse is that very little of the money earned by the big mining firms like the Dempos. therefore. In the course of mining over the last five-six decades. And that’s not counting the people actually working the mines and other ancillary services. A similar stoppage of all mining in Goa will have many ripple effects. villagers in south Goa’s Quepem taluka halted all mining activities in a lease which involved the excavation of a huge mountain locally known as Dev Dongor (mountain of the gods) because it was sought to be operated without proper clearances. along with a number of local. Bandekars etc was pumped back into the decimated villages. The real game-changer. there are now around 22. The media too was partially owned by mining houses or those sympathetic to the mining lobby. all of whom now face an uncertain future. In September the Goa bench of the Bombay High Court issued notices to three major mines which are operating in the buffer zone around wildlife sanctuaries. Over the years tourism has grown steadily and in 2008 emerged as the largest industry in Goa. ever since the Portuguese awarded mining leases back in the 1950s. Anybody who did was simply smothered. Only the most sanitised.000 trucks involved in the transportation of ore to the loading jetties. until more national dailies arrived in Goa a few years ago. which led to the closure of all mining activities there. He held absolute sway over Goa till his death in the mid-’70s. because of the boom in mining over the last few years. A benign mining policy ensured that the state too earned a negligible amount as royalty from the minerals extracted. which put the state on the international tourism map. In fact the first chief minister of Goa after the state was ‘liberated’ from 450 years of Portuguese rule in 1961. isolated and turned into a social outcast for daring to stand up to the mighty. Chowgules. In December 2004 the Supreme Court had mandated that no . Resentment against this exploitative situation has been building up for years and. Nowadays people are no longer scared to raise their voice against mining. Salgaocars. though. with the aid of a few committed activists like Claude Alvares of the Goa Foundation and the new media. Timblos. cable-based TV channels. Growing opposition There was a time not too long ago when nobody in Goa would have dared raise their voice against mining activities. knocking mining off the top spot it had occupied for decades. mineral-rich mountains have simply disappeared. after which his daughter Shashikala Kakodkar became chief minister and stayed in office till the early-’80s. was himself a mining baron.Lok Ayukta. this resentment has finally come to the surface. Claude Alvares’ Goa Foundation has been at the legal forefront against illegal mines. Now hardly a week goes by without reports of people’s opposition to mining activities. For example. A few months ago. there are 357 barges operating at present – up from 136 barges in 1995-96. Dayanand Bandodkar. entire villages and communities completely destroyed. leaving behind huge mining pits. from where the ore is transported in barges to the ports. for example. was the arrival of mass tourism following the Commonwealth Heads of Government retreat in Goa in 1983. pro-mining reports ever appeared in the press.

the river originates in the Ghats there. A little to its south is the Bhagwan Mahaveer Wildlife Sanctuary. Following a directive from the MoEF earlier this year. it was this same Manohar Parrikar who. But the Goa government – the current Chief Minister Digambar Kamat has family links with mining barons. notices to 46 mines asking them about non-fulfillment of conditions for environmental clearance. The Mhadei is named after the Mhadei river. exceeding size of pits. Besides the notices from the forest department of the Goa government. headed by the (BJP) leader of the opposition Manohar Parikar (a former CM) also issued. The fate of the remaining 34 mines now hangs in the balance. The Indian Bureau of Mines (IBM) has also. Apart from the forest department and PAC. . operations beyond lease boundaries. This effectively covers half the mining leases currently in operation in Goa. Kamat has also been the mines minister for the last 11 years– has sought a zero-km buffer zone around the wildlife sanctuaries of Goa as a special case. failing to plant saplings as directed for using forest land. the Netravali Wildlife Sanctuary and the southernmost Cotigao Wildlife Sanctuary. The Khandepar river originates in the Mollem National Park and feeds the Opa water treatment plant which supplies water to most parts of central Goa including the capital Panjim. only seven reverted with the required documents and their licences were renewed. earlier in September. tried to denotify the Mhadei and Netravali sanctuaries to benefit the mine owners. The Mhadei downstream becomes the Mandovi river which is also fed by a number of other smaller rivers like the Volvonti and Surla which also originate in the Ghats. suspended two mines and issued notices to 21 others for gross violation of the Mineral Conservation and Development Rules (MCDR) 1988. The tiny Bondla Wildlife Sanctuary in central Goa is surrounded by huge mining pits.mines can be operated in a 10-km buffer zone around wildlife sanctuaries. The violations include exceeding production capacity. There are a large number of mines in the vicinity of the Selaulim Dam The Chapoli Dam which supplies water to the southern-most parts of Goa receives its supplies from rivers which also originate in the Netravali and Cotigao forests. certificates from the Chief Wildlife Warden and under the Air and Water Pollution Act. 41 mines which operate in the buffer zone of protected areas were issued notices to obtain fresh environmental and forest clearances. including the mandatory NOCs under the Forest Conservation Act. often described as the lifeline of north Goa because it supplies most of the drinking water in the north. this month. etc. Because of the large number of mines in the vicinity of the DudhsagarKhandepar river system which feeds the Opa water works. The northernmost is the Mhadei Wildlife Sanctuary. the Goa State Pollution Control Board (GSPCB) has also issued notices to 30 mines and has suspended three mining leases. during his tenure as CM about a decade ago. a proposal unlikely to be granted by the union environment ministry. Ironically. all in the Western Ghats and its foothills. followed by the Mollem National Park. The Netravali Sanctuary is where the water for the Selaulim Dam originates. the Goa legislative assembly’s Public Accounts Committee. There are six wildlife protected areas in Goa. there is a perennially high level of turbidity in the water arriving there. His attempts failed. However.

Churches in India spread awareness on environmental conservation with special prayers. He further noted that the monitoring and regulation of the transportation of forest produce through the forest gates were being overlooked. The mining. "The problems of mining. The Council's executive director Fr Maverick Fernandes said in a statement that forests in Goa were under severe attack due to mining for iron and manganese ore. The Church has also expressed concern at the state's forest policy which it believes is in need of "serious overhaul". the social wing of the archdiocese. lamented that mining. It warns that excessive mining is posing a grave threat to ecologically sensitive areas in the state. deforestation and aggressive promotion of eco-tourism by the state government was eating into Goa's green cover. "Forests: Nature at Your Service". was of great threat as Goa lies in the centre of the Western Ghats and is home to the some of the best forests in India. sermons and intercessions. loss of water resources and wildlife trade constitute the crucial issues to be dealt with while discussing the need of sustainable use of forests.Church fears impact of excessive mining in Goa Wednesday. This year. The Church is calling for the creation of forest buffer zones and a ban on the use of forest land for mining purposes. 11:00 The Catholic Church in Goa has expressed concern over excessive mining in the area. which is a popular tourist destination. "Eco-tourism is completely against the interests of the forests of Goa in the present scenario. On Sunday. various events were held across the country to mark the World Environment Day. pollution.” said Fernandes. the United Nations Environment Programme (Unep) selected India as the global host. he said. the Council for Social Justice and Peace (CSJP). June 8." the statement said. Marking World Environment Day on Sunday. carrying the theme. 2011. deforestation. .

It is a small mine with an area of 63. • Cumulative environmental impact: Several mines in all directions surround the Jolreacho Dongor Mine. garden lizards and fresh water snakes in the core zone. Therefore. We have so far got details of five mines Analysis of EIA report of Jolreacho Dongor iron ore mine. The report gives conflicting data it report states that life of the mine is 28 years with planned production of 0. 23 SEPTEMBER 2011 11:39 GoaChronicle. The report states that faunal species observed are wild boars. But the report forgets to mention ‘King Cobra’ which could be seen in the core zone. It is on this report basis that the Union Ministry of Environment gives it environmental clearances to operate mines. As most of the iron ore is exported from Goa. However. According to them the project location map is incorrect.Mining in Goa report that there cases in which the EIA report on mines are fabricated. GoaChronicle. South Goa The Shantilal Kushaldas & Bros. One of the serious allegations by the localities is that although the mine has not got clearance work has been going on since January 2008. S. According to them there is thick vegetation in the core zone area and perennial watercourses within the lease hold area.com has learnt through its study of the Centre of Science and Environment (CSE) . the emission level in the nearby villages is below the standard norms.Mining Expose: Environment Impact Assessment Reports Tampered FRIDAY.35 ha in the village Maina in Quepem taluka of South Goa. The nexus of illegal mining goes right up to the Centre… An Environment Impact Assessment (EIA) is an important process in the granting of environmental clearances to mining companies to extract ore. But there should be a cumulative environmental impact assessment of all the nearby mines in the region. bisons. Further the report states that there are reptiles like Kraits. the cumulative effect of the pollution load will be severe in the region.8 per cent of total area in buffer zone is forest but the villagers state that this figure is incorrect. However these claims have been strongly opposed by the local people. etc. as work in the mine cannot start till it gets the clearance from State Pollution Control Board.com brings its readers yet another explosive expose on how Environment Impact Assessment reports were altered and fabricated to allow for environmental clearances to some mines in Goa. According to the report 46. Pvt. Some of the critical features of this mine are as follows: • Impact on steel price: The project seeks to use opportunity to export iron ore to countries like China. Quepem. This has serious legal implications. The report also states that the area is rocky with scanty vegetation and bushes and there are no perennial water courses/river/water bodies within the lease hold area. According to the report. the report is full of false statements. The area under forest in the buffer zone is as high as 95 per cent. However it forgoes the fact that leopard and tiger can also be seen in the core zone area. • Full of false statements: According to locals. House lizards. Limited owns the iron ore mine. deer. rabbits.10 million . Korea and Japan as demand there has increased tremendously. this is having serious implications for the country’s steel prices.

It is therefore advisable that a cumulative environmental impact assessment of all nearby mines is conducted. Gulmohar. • Extent of mechanization: Though the report mentions that there will be no drilling and blasting operation and work will be carried out using manual labour as far as possible. the locals fear that use of rock breakers of small capacity mentioned in the EIA report will take away the jobs from them rather than providing them employment. . bomboo. Limited owns this mine. They are much closer to the mines. health services and other programmes. However they are subjective in nature and cannot be crosschecked in future. The EIA report is for mine lease renewal.21) during the first three years. Coconut. Therefore. Pvt. the cumulative impact of all these small iron ore mines will be quite high. which was due in November 2007. the company needs to have proper waste management programme to minimize disaster due to failure of waste dump. Pitkuli.42 to 1:2. The EIA report does not provide any measures to control sedimentation. there should be a proper resettlement policy for people living in the lease area. According to the locals the distance of the villages mentioned in the report from the mines is also not correct. whereas another part of the report states that life of the mine is expected to be 20 years with production of 0. which is already surrounded by several other iron ore mines. which was operational or if this is lease renewal of an area where no mining has been conducted earlier. etc) and shrub grasses (Bor. Analysis of EIA report of Matheapan E Sataracarachem iron ore mine. etc) in the core and buffer zone. the report says that mostly rocks with scanty vegetation and bushes cover the area. therefore will have significant environmental problems. • High ore to waste ratio: EIA report states that very limited rejection will be generated from this mine. It is a small mine with an area of 23 ha in the village Maina in Quepem taluka of South Goa. South Goa The Shantilal Khushaldas & Bros. The Quepem taluka is one of the core areas producing iron ore to meet the growing Chinese demand. However. It also says that the leasee is yet to commence the mining operation. • In project description. It is not clear if this is a renewal of mining lease. The company needs to provide quantitative figures on how it is going to invest on upliftment of villagers in the area through education. Some of the critical features of this mine are as follows: • Cumulative environmental impact: The Mathepan mines are coming up in an area. the localities strongly protest this statement and inform that there are houses within the lease area. Therefore. Quepem Taluka. Already Quepem taluka of South Goa is facing several protests against iron ore mines. the report talks about a large number of trees (Mango. • At one point it is said that the mines were granted operational permission in 1953 by the Portuguese Administration. However. in the biological environment table. But subsequently in project description section the report says that the exploration was carried out in 80s.per annum. • No resettlement: The EIA report states that there are no dwellings with-in the lease area. Sisam. which was later converted to mining lease and were operational till late 70s.10 million per annum. • The mine is on hilly terrain and Goa receives heavy rainfall due to which sedimentation can be a big problem. Therefore. • Poor CSR policy: The EIA report makes big claims on the CSR policy. However. in another part it shows that ore to waste ratio will be quite high (1:9.

Therefore. there are other mines also nearby. • The executive summary just talks in few lines on CSR policy of the company without making any commitment. Analysis of EIA report of Careamol iron ore mine. The EIA report needs to deal with this issue. In addition to this. the cumulative impact of the mining on the sanctuary is a possibility but again the EIA reports does not talk about any measures to protect the sanctuary. This will be severe because they are many mines nearby. • According to the report.6 km from the lease area. South Goa Shaikh Salim owns the iron ore and manganese mine. The report even does not have any map of project. but the report as such does not have any reclamation plan or mine closure plan. • The EIA report says that backfilling of pit will be subsequently started. Since lease is in low hill areas and with heavy rainfall.76 ha in the village Pirla in Quepem Taluka in South Goa. It means there will not be sufficient job opportunity for the local people. Quepem Taluka.• The Mine is located just 12 km from Netravali wildlife sanctuary and 11 km from Cotgao wildlife sanctuary.99 million tones. It is a small mine with 98. But the EIA report does not talk about sedimentation problem. the cumulative environmental load is surely going to have some impact on wildlife sanctuary. The report not only contains factual mistakes but also is poor in terms of assessing the significant impacts of the project on environment. • The mine is to generate 0. South Goa The iron ore mine is owned by Shri Jaisinh Maganlal. the area is going face sedimentation problem. • The mines will be operated completely manually but it will employ only 135 people out of whom 116 will be semiskilled and 12 unskilled laborers. The land use pattern of mine lease consists of private land and forestland. . there should be a proper occupational health and safety hazard policy. the report gives contradictory statements and suggests mitigation measures that seem very superficial. Analysis of EIA report of Devapan Dongor Iron and Manganese Ore Mine.382 million tons of waste every year. Thus. The total reserve is around 5. The company must provide in detail how the reclamation work will be carried out in subsequent years. • The executive summary does not make any statement on occupational health and safety hazards. Quepem Taluka. The company needs to provide in detail what kinds of CSR policy it intends to take for upliftment of the nearby villagers. Some of the critical features of this mine are as follows: • EIA report states that the area is a series of low hills and rainfall averages around 3600 mm.11 lakh tones per annum. Since. there are a large number of mines in such a small area. It is expected that the mine will produce ore up to 22 years. It only talks about some of the best practice for waste management. Cotigao sanctuary is 4. The mine lease area is 83 ha with an annual production rate of 3. Plus. However. the executive summary does not explain in detail how the waste will be collected or where it will be dump.

agricultural land and forest area. These are some of the significant parameters for the assessment of silt load and its impact on water bodies and on land. erosion potential of waste dumps. animals listed are different from those mentioned in another part of the report (presence of wild boars. length of the overburden storage area. mine lease) and forest area to be diverted for non-forest use. irrigation land. But no information is available on the land use pattern of mine lease such as. wasteland etc. instead a riper will be used. however in another part of its report EIA states that no drilling and blasting will be carried out. • Under heading of existing land use pattern in core zone. Based on the topography. But the report fails to address the basic information on mine reclamation such as type of reclamation. It clearly indicates that the EIA developer is trying to hide the land use pattern in the core zone. The assessment of these parameters is crucial for this project because the mine is located on an elevated area receiving high rainfall and surrounded by sensitive receptors such as human settlement. it mentions about the drilling and blasting operation. instead of proving land use pattern. then impact on land is anticipated to be high. The huge number of operational mines in the area clearly exhibits the plight of the region in terms of air and water pollution and once the project becomes operational these effects will be enhanced. bison. EIA report is also silent on stripping ratio and storage area characteristic for waste such as . EIA states that the villages surrounding the mine lease are dependent on agricultural and mining activities. • The EIA report makes contradictory statement on mining technology. • Mine reclamation is an important issue in mine management and has been poorly represented in the EIA report. Moreover. it can be anticipated that Cavorem village. timeframe and monetary requirement for the same. On another suddenly it says “No occurrence of ground water in the mine lease”. However the EIA fails to quantify the impact on land such as erosion potential of catchments area. • Overburden management is a crucial aspect of mine management. runoff direction and erosion potential from the waste dumps. but the report fails to provide some basic information on overburden management and most of the mitigation suggested seems very superficial. • EIA is poor in portraying the impact of mining on groundwater and also provides misleading information on the same. If this is the scenario. • The report mentions that the lease area has elevated topography and consists of small isolated hillock extending in southwest to southeast direction. area to be reclaimed. land use pattern for buffer area is correct. It mentions “management is committed to reclaim the entire broken area”. Interestingly. groundwater flow pattern and impact of draw down. which is located at 0. • EIA report is also incomplete in terms of the number of existing mines and proposed mines in the area. • EIA also fails to provide a clear picture on the forest cover in the core zone (i. mine seepage. The report also provides contradictory information on the fauna. the EIA has mentioned about the lands to be used for mining activities. It appears that biodiversity assessment has been poorly done.Some of the critical features of this mine are as follows: • EIA says that the acquired land for the mines lease is a combination of private and forestland.e. On page no 6. and deer etc). and direction of runoff. the term of reference given by MOEF clearly states . the report also fails to provide information on final quarry depth. areas under forest.slope of land. On one page it states that GW is available at 15 to 25 meter and working depth of a mine is below the water table.29 km from the mine lease will be the worst affected by air pollution and mine runoff. It also mentions that the land surrounding the mine lease is agricultural and receives high rainfall (around 3800 mm). In addition to this.

intensity of rainfall and presence of sensitive receptors. GoaChronicle. the information on forest cover is conflicting. which is very significant bearing in mind the topography of the region.com has managed to get it hands on five EIA analysis done by CSE. Further. This mine is very close to the Devapan Dongor mine. However. • The biggest drawback of the EIA studies of Devapan Dongor and Chuninimola Iron ore mine is that each mine talks about project specific impacts and shows that after mitigation the project will benefit the surrounding areas. • Kalka Nadi which passes close to the mine lease (this river is no where mentioned in the EIA report.6 per cent. The total mine reserve is around 2. . Some of the critical features of this mine are as follows: • Chuninimola Iron ore mine is located in village Rivona in the South Goa district. the forest cover in the study area is given as 40 per cent. therefore runoff impact is expected to be very high. and it comes across as a copy-paste job from the Devapan Dongor mine report. Both fail to address the runoff threat. Topography of both the mine is also almost same except that Chuninimola Iron ore mine is close to Kushavathi River (almost 50 to 60 meter from the mine site). The lease area of mine is 42. The land use pattern of mine lease consists of private land and forestland. The consultant who prepared the EIA report is same (M/s Bhagavathi Ana labs Ltd. Sanguem Taluka. South Goa The Shantilal Kushaldas & Brother Pvt Limited own the iron ore mine.46 million tones. Analysis of EIA report of Chuninimola Iron Ore Mine. the question however is how many more EIA reports were tampered with.that the biodiversity assessment should be authenticated but no letter of authentication for biodiversity assessment is provided in the report. Hyderabad). Hence siltation impact is critical and requires detailed investigation.18 lakh tones per annum. • Point number ten of the term of reference (given by MOEF) mentions about fund for the maintenance of village road through which transportation of ores is undertaken. It is estimated that the mine will produce ore up to 15 years. The EIA is completely silent on this. which is not captured in the EIA. the only difference between the Devapan Dongor and Chuninimola mine is the difference of mine owner. The same consultant has prepared both the EIA reports. on page no 31. but on another page in the report it is mentioned as 33. drainage network in the watershed) will be worst affected by siltation because slope of land is toward SW and river is also flowing in the SW direction. The EIA report chooses to remain completely silent on this.91 ha with an annual production rate of 2.