FAQ/Unit -1/Management Process and Organization Behaviour

Unit-1 Management Process
Nupur Rastogi Faculty, Management and Commerce

Q-1 Describe the role of a manager.
Ans-1 Manager is -someone who coordinates and oversees the work of other people so that organizational goals can be accomplished. An effective manager is one whose organizational unit, group, or team consistently achieves it. Managers coordinate work activities to achieve organizational goals. Their ability to act is affected by both the internal culture of the organization and the constraints of the external environment – including the global environment. They also deal with complicated ethical and social responsibility issues as they plan, organize, lead and control.

Q-2 What are different types of manager?
Ans-2 Different types of managers can be broadly catagorized levelwise as the following categories. • First-line Managers-Managers at the lowest level manage the work of nonmanagerial employees directly or indirectly involved with the production or creation of the organization’s products. Middle Managers-Managers between the first-line level and the top level of the organization who manage the work of first-line managers Top Managers-Managers at or near the top level are responsible for making organization-wide decisions and establishing plans and goals affecting the entire organization

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Q-3 What is Management?
Ans-3 Management is coordinating work activities so that they are done efficiently and effectively. In the words of Henry Fayol – “To manage is to forecast and to plan, to organize, to command, to co-ordinate and to control.”(1949) According to Peter F. Drucker – “Management is a multi-purpose organ that manages a business and managers and manages worker and work”.(1970) In the words of Koontz and O’Donnel – “Management is defined as the creation and maintenance of an internal environment in an enterprise where individuals working together in groups can perform efficiently and effectively towards the attainment of group goals”. (1972).

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FAQ/Unit -1/Management Process and Organization Behaviour Q-4 What are the different functions in Management Process? Ans-4 Different functions in a management process are : 1. Controlling. Divide tasks into groups one person can accomplish . Informational roles 2.6 What are the Managerial roles according to Mintzberg? Ans-6 According to Mintzberg (1973). Feedback controls after the process ceases. 2 .Guth. SWOT (sometimes referred to as TOWS) stands for Strengths. establishing strategies to achieve goals. Decisional roles 3. Kenneth Andrews. 2. Feed forward controls focus on operations before they begin. Learned. Ans-5 Controls are most effective when they are applied at key places.Monitoring. Interpersonal roles Q-7 What is SWOT Analysis? Ans-7 SWOT analysis is a simple framework for generating strategic alternatives from a situation analysis. Weaknesses. Concurrent controls apply to processes as they are happening. 3. developing plans to integrate and coordinate activities. The SWOT framework was described in the late 1960’s by Edmund P. C. and Threats. Leading. Review plans 2. List all tasks to be accomplished 3. Roland Christiansen. comparing. and William D. Q. Planning. Delegate authority to establish relationships between jobs and groups of jobs Q-5 Name the different types of Control.5 The steps in the organizing process include: 1. It is applicable to either the corporate level or the business unit level and frequently appears in marketing plans. managerial roles are as follows: 1. Q-5 What are the different steps in organization process? Ans. Opportunities.Defining goals. 4. Organizing.a job 4. Assign work to individuals 6.Working with and through people to accomplish goals. and correcting work.Arranging and structuring work to accomplish organizational goals. Group related jobs together in a logical and efficient manner 5.