ADAMA SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY UNIVERSITY

1. Introductory Information:
a. School: School of Engineering & Information Technology b. Department: Wood Technology c. program: Undergraduate students 2. Prerequisite«««««««...None Course name and code: Wood anatomy and identification (WSEng-2205) a. Course credit: 10 (4 lecture hours, 6 laboratory hours) b. Year & Semester: Second Year, First semester (2011/ 2012)

3. Instructor Name: Sanjay Kumar Gupta (M.Sc. in Wood Science & Technology)
Email: sanjayguptajbp@gmail.com Mobile: 0910384040

4.

Course Description
This course provides a thorough introduction to the structure of wood. This foundation is fundamental to the study of wood as a material and prepares the student for future courses dealing with the properties, uses and processing of wood. The course introduces basic tree growth and wood formation, detailing both the macroscopic and microscopic anatomy of hardwoods and softwoods. Cell types, their organization and variations are discussed. The main chemical components of wood and their organization in the ultra-structure of the woody cell wall are covered. The laboratories cover the macroscopic and microscopic identification of hardwoods and softwoods.

Course rationale

In this course student will understand the structure of wood and according to their structure, they can select suitable wood for different end uses. The course equips students with basic knowledge for further studies in the field of wood technology. a. Objectives Upon completion of this course students will be able to do the following: 1. Understand the basic anatomy of softwood and hardwood 2. Describe the processes by which wood is formed in trees 3. Explain the structure and functions of the most important wood cell types 4. Explain the nature of the fundamental chemical constituents of wood and how their arrangement in wood cell wall influences wood properties 5. The students will possess the ability to identify commercial wood using microscopic techniques. Teaching methods: Active learning (group discussion, quiz etc.) will be selected which brings students to work together and report in group and individually. Teaching materials: Necessary teaching material will selected in order to achieve the main target of the lesson or course.

Chapter 1. Introduction Week 1
1.1 Characteristic properties of wood 1.2 Variability of wood Properties 1.3 Wood as an industrial raw material

4.2 Primary growth (Weak 3) 2.1.3.1 Growth increments 3.1 Origin and development of wood 2. Tree Stem and Its Growth Weak 2 2. Pits and pit pairs 4.2 Three dimensional surface of softwood 4.2 Kinds of woody plants 2.1 The plant origin of wood 2.2 Figure 3.2 Heartwood and Sapwood 3.5.5 Knowledge of wood and better use Chapter 2.3 Parts of a tree 2.4 Differences between Softwoods and Hardwoods 3.4.4.3 Wood-knots 3.5. Seriation of rays .3.5.1.3.1 Texture 3.3.5.3.4 Formation of stem 2. Identifying features of softwoods 4.3 Secondary growth 2. Resin canals (Weak 7) 4.4 Wood as a construction material 1.5. Rays 4.3 Principle plain in wood (Week 5) 3. Longitudinal parenchyma 4.3.3.1.2.1 Introduction 4.4.5 Tissues in Secondary Growth Chapter 3 (Week 4) Macroscopic structure of wood 3.1 Growth rings 3.1.4.5 Appearance of timber in relation to its structure 3.5. Spiral thickenings 4.4 Initiation of Secondary Growth 2.1.3.2 Wood rays and resin ducts 3.4 Color Chapter 4 Microscopic structure of softwood (Week 6) 4.4.

1 Introduction 5.3. Side-to-side connection of vessels (Week 10) 5.2.3.1 Compression wood 6.1.3.1. End-to-end connection of vessel elements 5.4. Tyloses 5.3.4 Other kinds of longitudinal cells 5.2 Juvenile wood (Week 12) 6.4.3. Connection between vessels and other cells 5.3.3.3 Hardwood cells 5. Horizontal cells (Rays) 5.2.3. Vessel arrangement 5.2.5.3.1 Introduction 6.1.1.3.1.3.5.1 Ray size 5.1.1.1 Longitudinal cells 5.3. Cross-field or ray crossing Mid examination (on 8 th week of class beginning) Chapter 5 (Week 9) Microscopic structure of hardwoods 5.1.1.2.2.3 Longitudinal parenchyma 5. Homogenous and heterogeneous rays 4.3.3 Reaction wood 6.3.3.1.1.1 Vessel elements 5. Fusiform rays 4.3.5.3. Fiber 5.1.1 Properties 6.2.3.3.2 Differences between hardwood and softwood structure 5.2.6.1.3.1.2.3.1.1. Identification (Week 13) .1. Types of ray cells Chapter 6 Juvenile and Reaction wood (Week 11) 6.

6.3. Properties 6.5.5 Parenchyma 7.2.6 Color.1 Resin Canals 7.2.6.5.4 Tyloses 7. Lab etc Mid exam Final exam Total % 30 Number Date Different time depending Distributed On the volume of course over the semester 30 40 100 One time One time Week 8 Week 16 Exams: The mid and final examination in this course will be based on lectures.3 Color. text.2 Tension wood 6.6.5. Identification Chapter 7 Wood identification (Week 14) 7.6. assignment.3.5.3 Preparing the Wood Surface 7. and laboratory work held during the formal learning period. Odor and Density Final Examination after 16 weeks of class beginning Assessment and Evaluation Type Continuous assessment: Quiz.1.2 Wood surface 7.3.5Hardwoods 7.1 Introduction 7.2Vessel (Pore) Arrangement (Week 15) 7. .5.1 Growth Ring Pore Arrangement 7.6 Softwoods 7. Odor and Density 7.3 Wood Rays 7.2 Growth Rings: Early wood and Latewood 7.5. Test. The exam will include all type not only the simplest one but also the highest level that measure critical thinking.2.4 Separating Hardwoods from Softwoods 7.

Wilson and D. K.The anatomy of wood. Haygreen and Jim L. John G. George Tsomis 3. its diversity and variability. 4th ed. Be on time to class Attendance should not be less than 90%. 3rd ed.Science and technology of wood: structure. properties and utilization.J. White .B.Text book of wood technology.Panshin and Carl de Zeeuw. Bowyer 2. iv. McGraw-hill book campany 4.J. iii. ii.Student¶s requirements i. A. Work in group Complete project on given time References 1Forest products and wood science: an introduction.