Data Bulletin Transformer Key Features

Dry-Type, Cast-Resin, and Liquid-Filled Transformers Class 7300
Retain for future use.

7300DB0401 12/2004 Monroe, NC USA Replaces 7300PD9203, 02/1992

INTRODUCTION PRODUCT FEATURES AND BENEFITS
Table 1:
Product
Ventilated Dry-Type VacuumPressure Impregnation (VPI) Transformers 225–13,000 kVA

This data bulletin contains key features about Square D/Schneider Electric® dry-type, cast-resin, and liquid-filled transformers.

Dry-Type, Cast-Resin, and Liquid-Filled Transformers
Key Features
150° C Rise 220° C Insulation Optional 115° C or 80° C Rise 180° C Insulation Can be fan-cooled @ 33% overload (OL)

Benefits

Additional Information: See

Best Application for Use
General applications, where cost of power is a major concern High ambients or where cost of losses is important Environments where load varies In damp environments; where chemical fumes, high fault probability, and high impact loads exist Periods of no-loads and/or cold, damp environments Dusty and dirty environments Where cost of power is a major concern Where max reliability is important Where load varies greatly

Lowest first cost “Temperature Winding Rise and Light weight Insulation Class” and “Nonflammable Overload capability and/or low watts Transformers” on page 2 loss = low operating costs Handles peak load with less cost than larger units Max protection from the environment; max short-circuit strength No pre-drying before energizing Ease of cleaning coil “Temperature Winding Rise and Insulation Class” and “Nonflammable Transformers” on page 2 “Solid Dielectric Insulation” on page 2 “Fan-Cooled Ratings” on page 2 “Fan-Cooled Ratings” on page 2

Cast coil

“Cast Epoxy” on page 2

Power-Cast™ 80° C Rise Transformers 500–13,000 kVA Solid dielectric Can be fan-cooled @ 33% (1000–5000) kVA 50% OL Basic Insulation Level (BIL) equivalent to liquid-filled transformers Oil coolant and dielectric Can be fan-cooled @ Oil-Filled 15% (225–2500 kVA) or Substation 25% (2500–10,000 kVA) or 225–20,000 kVA 33% above 10,000 kVA Higher BIL than dry-type transformers High fire point fluid coolant and dielectric High Fire Point Can be fan-cooled @ Liquid-Filled 15% (225–2500 kVA) or 25% (2500–10,000 kVA) or Substation 225–20,000 kVA 33% above 10,000 kVA Higher BIL than dry-type transformers Oil coolant and dielectric Oil-Filled, Pad-Mounted Pad-mounted Transformers Higher BIL than dry-type 75–10,000 kVA transformers High fire point fluid coolant High Fire Point and dielectric Liquid-Filled, Pad-Mounted Pad-mounted Transformers Higher BIL than dry-type 75–10,000 kVA transformers

Low watts loss Partial discharge tested Handles peak loads with less cost than larger units More protection from voltage surges inherent in the design Least expensive of liquid-filled transformers Handles moderate overloads with less cost than larger units Less vulnerable to voltage surges Less flammable than oil Handles moderate overloads with less cost than larger units Less vulnerable to voltage surges Least expensive Tamperproof construction and underground feeds Less vulnerable to voltage surges Less flammable than oil Tamperproof construction and underground feeds Less vulnerable to voltage surges

When used as a replacement (no need “Transformer Basic Insulation Levels” to rework the system design if used on page 3 to replace a liquid-filled transformer) “Oil-Filled Transformers” on page 2 Where first cost is a factor

“Fan-Cooled Ratings” on page 2

Where load varies moderately

“Transformer Basic Insulation Levels” Outdoor environments on page 3 Indoors without a vault, with some “High Fire Point Fluids” on page 3 restrictions “Fan-Cooled Ratings” on page 2 Where load varies moderately

“Transformer Basic Insulation Levels” Indoor or outdoor environments on page 3 “Oil-Filled Transformers” on page 2 Where first cost is a factor Where exposed to public access “Pad-Mounted Transformers” on page 3 (normally outdoors) “Transformer Basic Insulation Levels” Outdoor environments on page 3 Anywhere an oil fire hazard “High Fire Point Fluids” on page 3 is unacceptable Where exposed to public access “Pad-Mounted Transformers” on page 3 (normally outdoors) “Transformer Basic Insulation Levels” Indoor or outdoor environments on page 3

1

they will burn if subjected to a continual source of flame. However. Table 2 lists the full load temperature rise of each type transformer and the insulation class normally used for that temperature rise.000 kVA 331/3% — above 10. there is less chance of embrittlement than with conventional transformers. Table 3: Fan-Cooled Ratings Fan-Cooled Ratings 331/3% 331/3% — 50% through through 750 kVA 1000–5000 kVA 25% through 2500–10. RTemp-filled. Once the system is in place and tested satisfactorily. Table 2: Temperature Winding Rise and Insulation Class Temperature Winding Rise 80° C (Optional) Dry-Type (VPI) 115° C (Optional) 150° C (Normal) 80° C (Normal) Power-Cast™ II 100° C (Optional) 115° C (Optional) Liquid-Filled 55° C (Optional) 65° C (Normal) 120° C 185° C 220° C Transformer Type Insulation Class Nonflammable Transformers Both VPI dry-type and Power-Cast II transformers are considered by codes to be nonflammable. Oil-filled transformers are less expensive than high fire point liquid-filled. or other fluid units.000 kVA Fan-Cooled Ratings Transformer Type Dry-Type (VPI) Power-Cast Liquid-Filled 15% through 2000 kVA 331/3% above 10. such as being exposed to a structural fire of the building in which the transformer is installed.000 kVA Cast Epoxy Cast epoxy provides the best protection from environment for the coil itself. Table 3 lists the available fan cooled ratings of Square D® transformers. Solid dielectric insulation provides long-term freedom from thermal aging and slow degradation of the dielectric system. It is non-hygroscopic (will not absorb water to a significant degree) and is not affected by common industrial chemicals and airborne pollutants. on a first-cost basis.Transformer Key Features Product Features and Benefits 7300DB0401 12/2004 ADDITIONAL TRANSFORMER INFORMATION Temperature Winding Rise and Insulation Class This section provides additional transformer information as outlined in Table 1 on page 1. They are normally less expensive than dry-type (VPI) or cast transformers as well. Solid Dielectric Insulation Oil-Filled Transformers 2 © 1992–2004 Schneider Electric All Rights Reserved .

Refer to Table 5 below and Tables 6 and 7 on page 4 for quick comparisons of transformer types. then next preferred choice.0 34. Refer to National Electrical Code® (NEC®). Transformer types are listed in the order of first choice. may be used inside buildings where oil is prohibited by codes. The principal distinguishing feature of a pad-mounted enclosure is that it is tamper-resistant and completely barriers the transformer. Because of this construction.0 7. and auto-ignition points than oil and therefore.5 5.66 15. Refer to Table 5 for transformer environments.5 46.2 8. it is permissible to install a pad-mounted transformer where the general public has actual physical access to the outside of the enclosure.0 Table 4 shows the basic insulation level (BIL) of the various transformer construction types.7300DB0401 12/2004 Transformer Key Features Quick Comparisons Transformer Basic Insulation Levels Table 4: kV Class 1. Article 450-23 through 450-26.0 69.0 25. Table 5: Environment Pad-Mounted Transformers QUICK COMPARISONS Environments Transformer Environments and Types Transformer Type Pad-Mounted Liquid-Filled Power-Cast VPI Outdoor Contaminated Industrial Power-Cast Liquid-Filled (Oil or High Fire Point) Liquid Power-Cast VPI High Humidity Indoor (Clean) High Fire Point Power-Cast © 1992–2004 Schneider Electric All Rights Reserved 3 . Transformer Basic Insulation Levels VPI Dry-Type 10 30 30 45 45 60 110 150 — — VPI Dry-Type • 30 45 60 60 60 95 125 — — — Distribution-Class Liquid-Filled 30 45 60 60 75 95 125 150 — — Power-Class Liquid-Filled • 45 60 75 75 95 110 150 200 250 350 Power-Cast™ Transformers 10 45 60 60 75 95 125 150 — — Power-Cast Transformers • 30 60 75 75 95 110 150 200 — — • Represents optional available ratings High Fire Point Fluids High fire point fluids have a higher flash. This means it is impossible to reach any live part of the transformer (neither by poking a wire through an opening or hole nor by removing any nuts or bolts from outside the enclosure). fire.2 2.

000 37. %IZ.us.000 80° C Dry 6000 6530 9200 14. Weights are approximate and depend on many factors including primary and secondary voltages. or 33% — — Transformer Type and Temperature 80° C Power-Cast™ 80° C VPI Watchdog® 115° C VPI Watchdog 150° C VPI 55° C Liquid-Filled Substation 65° C Liquid-Filled Substation 55° C Pad-Mounted 65° C Pad-Mounted Self Cooled 15% 30% 15% — 12% — 12% — Weight (15 kV Class) Refer to Table 7 for transformer types and weights.850 20. Table 6: Transformer Types and Cooling Characteristics Fan Cooled 33% or 50% 33% 33% 33% 15%. Schneider Electric USA 1809 Airport Road Monroe.000 SPECIAL CONSIDERATIONS Check code requirements for oil.850 30. 25%.com Electrical equipment should be installed. NC 28111 USA 1-888-SquareD (1-888-778-2733) www.SquareD.200 17. operated.000 25. In some circumstances.or high fire point liquid-filled units used indoors. © 1992–2004 Schneider Electric All Rights Reserved . No responsibility is assumed by Schneider Electric for any consequences arising out of the use of this material.000 65° C Oil Substation 4800 5400 7300 11. or 33% 15%.Transformer Key Features Data Bulletin 7300DB0401 12/2004 Cooling Characteristics Refer to Table 6 for the cooling characteristics of transformers.000 80° C Power-Cast 6400 8000 11. as well as kVA and temperature rise.000 30. and maintained only by qualified personnel. serviced.600 19. curbing and sprinkler systems are required.000 25. Table 7: kVA 225 500 1000 2000 3000 5000 Transformer Types and Weights 150° C Dry 6000 6250 7500 10. 25%. BIL. High fire point liquid-filled substations weigh approximately 5% more than oil-filled substations. Refer to NEC Article 450.000 17.