Ref : TN_RF_008 V1.

3

TECHNICAL NOTE

Data acquisition mode available on the BeanDevice®

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DOCUMENT
Document number External Reference Author Internal Reference Document Name

RF_NT_008

Version Publication date

V1.3 12/03/2012 N.A.

Christophe DONTEGREUIL
Project Code Data Acquisition mode available on the BeanDevice®

VALIDATION
Function Reader Author Recipients For For Validation information X X

MAILING LIST
Function Staffer 1 Staffer 2 Recipients Loic Penelon Christophe DONTEGREUIL For action X X For Info

Updates
Version Date Author Christophe DONTEGREUIL Evolution & Status First version of the document

V1.0

10/09/2011

Some example added V1.1 15/10/2011 Christophe DONTEGREUIL

SSD - Smart shock detection added V1.2 03/01/2012 Christophe DONTEGREUIL

V1.3

12/03/2012

Christophe DONTEGREUIL

Several examples added about SSD mode

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Contents
1. 2. 3. 4. TECHNICAL SUPPORT .................................................................................................................................... 5 VISUAL SYMBOLS DEFINITION ...................................................................................................................... 6 ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS ............................................................................................................... 7 RELATED DOCUMENTS .................................................................................................................................. 8 4.1 Applications Notes ..................................................................................................................................... 8 4.2 Technical Notes ......................................................................................................................................... 9 AIM OF THE DOCUMENT .............................................................................................................................. 10 ADVANTAGES & LIMITS OF EACH DATA ACQUISITION MODE ................................................................ 11 DATA ACQUISITION MODE AVAILABLE ON THE BEANDEVICE® ............................................................. 12 DATA ACQUISITION MODE OVERVIEW ...................................................................................................... 13 8.1 Low duty cycle Data Acquisition (LDCDA) .............................................................................................. 13 8.1.1 Description ..................................................................................................................................... 13 8.1.2 Data acquisition cycle .................................................................................................................... 14 8.2 Alarm Mode ............................................................................................................................................. 15 8.2.1 Description ..................................................................................................................................... 15 8.2.1 Data acquisition cycle .................................................................................................................... 17 8.3 « Survey » Mode ..................................................................................................................................... 18 8.3.1 Description ..................................................................................................................................... 18 8.3.2 Data acquisition cycle .................................................................................................................... 19 8.4 Streaming & Streaming packet mode ..................................................................................................... 20 8.4.1 Description ..................................................................................................................................... 20 8.5 Math Mode............................................................................................................................................... 26 8.6 Smart Shock detection ( available only on the beandevice® AX-3DS) .................................................. 27 8.6.1 Description ..................................................................................................................................... 27 8.6.2 During a shock detection ............................................................................................................... 28 8.6.3 During a Survey ............................................................................................................................. 29 OPERATIONAL FEATURES ........................................................................................................................... 30

5. 6. 7. 8.

9.

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9.1 9.2 9.3

Alarm threshold management (survey and Alarm mode)........................................................................ 30 Restrictions in streaming & streaming packet mode ............................................................................... 33 Data sampling accuracy in streaming & streaming packet mode (For experts only) ............................. 36 9.3.1 Crystal specifications ..................................................................................................................... 37

10. DATA ACQUISITION MODE CONFIGURATION FROM THE BEANSCAPE® .............................................. 38 10.1 Tab: Data Acquisition configuration......................................................................................................... 39 10.2 Alarm threshold configuration from the BeanScape® ............................................................................. 43 10.2.1 Overview ........................................................................................................................................ 43 10.2.2 How to set an alarm threshold ....................................................................................................... 44 10.2.3 Sensor alarms window .................................................................................................................. 45 11. EXAMPLES...................................................................................................................................................... 47 11.1 Low duty cycle acquisition mode ............................................................................................................. 48 11.1.1 Configuration ................................................................................................................................. 48 11.1.2 Graph visualization ........................................................................................................................ 50 11.2 ALARM mode .......................................................................................................................................... 51 11.2.1 Alarm mode configuration .............................................................................................................. 51 11.3 Survey mode ........................................................................................................................................... 53 11.3.1 Survey mode configuration ............................................................................................................ 53 11.3.2 Graph visualization ........................................................................................................................ 55 11.4 Streaming Packet Mode (Continuous monitoring) .................................................................................. 56 11.4.1 Streaming Packet Mode configuration .......................................................................................... 56 11.4.2 Graph visualization ........................................................................................................................ 58 11.5 SSD (Smart Shock Detection) ................................................................................................................. 59 11.5.1 Step 1: configure the measurement range of your accelerometer ................................................ 60 11.5.2 Step 2: Configure the SSD profile ................................................................................................. 61 11.5.3 Step 3: Configure SSD measurement mode ................................................................................. 67 11.5.1 SSD without survey ....................................................................................................................... 69 11.5.1 Graph display................................................................................................................................. 71 12. APPENDIX 1 : FLOWCHART DIAGRAM (FOR EXPERT USER ONLY) ....................................................... 72 12.1 “LDCDA” data acquisition mode with Sleeping Power management ...................................................... 72 12.1 « Alarm » data acquisition mode with Sleeping Power management ..................................................... 73 12.1 « Survey » data acquisition mode with Sleeping Power management ................................................... 74 12.1 « Streaming » data acquisition Mode with Sleeping Power management .............................................. 76 12.2 « Streaming Packet » data acquisition Mode with Sleeping Power management .................................. 77 12.3 SSD (Smart Shock Detection) ................................................................................................................. 78 12.3.1 Shock Detection Flowchart ............................................................................................................ 78 12.3.1 Self-test Flowchart ......................................................................................................................... 79

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Disclaimer

The information contained in this document is the proprietary information of BeanAir. The contents are confidential and any disclosure to persons other than the officers, employees, agents or subcontractors of the owner or licensee of this document, without the prior written consent of BeanAir Ltd, is strictly prohibited. BeanAir makes every effort to ensure the quality of the information it makes available. Notwithstanding the foregoing, BeanAir does not make any warranty as to the information contained herein, and does not accept any liability for any injury, loss or damage of any kind incurred by use of or reliance upon the information. BeanAir disclaims any and all responsibility for the application of the devices characterized in this document, and notes that the application of the device must comply with the safety standards of the applicable country, and where applicable, with the relevant wiring rules. BeanAir reserves the right to make modifications, additions and deletions to this document due to typographical errors, inaccurate information, or improvements to programs and/or equipment at any time and without notice. Such changes will, nevertheless be incorporated into new editions of this document. Copyright: Transmittal, reproduction, dissemination and/or editing of this document as well as utilization of its contents and communication thereof to others without express authorization are prohibited. Offenders will be held liable for payment of damages. All rights are reserved. Copyright © BeanAir Ltd. 2010.

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1. TECHNICAL SUPPORT

For general contact, technical support, to report documentation errors and to order manuals, contact BeanAir Technical Support Center (BTSC) at: tech-support@beanair.com For detailed information about where you can buy the BeanAir equipment/software or for recommendations on accessories and components visit: www.beanair.com

To register for product news and announcements or for product questions contact BeanAir’s Technical Support Center (BTSC). Our aim is to make this user manual as helpful as possible. Please keep us informed of your comments and suggestions for improvements. BeanAir appreciates feedback from the users.

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2. VISUAL SYMBOLS DEFINITION

Visual

Definition

Caution or Warning – Alerts the user with important information about BeanAir wireless sensor networks (WSN), if this information is not followed, the equipment /software may fail or malfunction.

Danger – This information MUST be followed if not you may damage the equipment permanently or bodily injury may occur.

Tip or Information – Provides advice and suggestions that may be useful when installing BeanAir Wireless Sensor Networks.

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3. ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS

AES CCA CSMA/CA GTS kSPS LLC LQI LDCDA MAC PAN PER RF SD SPS SSD WSN

Advanced Encryption Standard Clear Channel Assessment Carrier Sense Multiple Access/Collision Avoidance Guaranteed Time-Slot Kilo samples per second Logical Link Control Link quality indicator Low duty cycle data acquisition Media Access Control Personal Area Network Packet error rate Radio Frequency Secure Digital Samples per second Smart shock detection Wireless sensor Network

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4. RELATED DOCUMENTS

In addition to this User manual, please consult the application notes & technical notes:

4.1

APPLICATIONS NOTES
Nom du document Produits concernés All BeanAir products Description Wireless sensor deployment guidelines networks

AN_RF_007 : Beanair_WSN_Deployment“

AN_RF_006 – „How to extend your wireless All BeanAir products range“ AN_RF_005 Ver 1.0- BeanGateway® & Data BeanGateway® Terminal Equipment Interface AN_RF_004 V1.0-1. Interferences@2.4GHz Coexistence And All BeanAir products

A guideline very useful for extending your wireless range DTE interface Architecture on the BeanGateway® Coexistence & interferences of different RF technologies in the 2.4 GHz frequencies band. Comparison between 868 MHz frequency band and a 2.4 GHz frequency band.

AN_RF_003 V1.1 IEEE 802.15.4 2.4 GHz Vs 868 All BeanAir products MHz (English)

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4.2

TECHNICAL NOTES
Document name Concerned products Power All the BeanDevice® Description This technical note describes the sleeping & active power mode on the BeanDevice®.

TN_RF_010 – Management »

« BeanDevice®

TN_RF_009 – « BeanGateway® management BeanGateway® on LAN infrastructure » TN_RF_008 – “Data acquisition modes All the BeanDevice® available on the BeanDevice®”

BeanGateway® integration on a LAN infrastructure Data acquisition modes available on the BeanDevice®

TN_RF_007 – “BeanDevice® DataLogger User All the BeanDevice® Guide ”

This document presents the DataLogger feature on the BeanDevice®

TN_RF_006 – “BeanDevice® network association”

wireless All the BeanDevice®

Description of the BeanDevice® network association This document presents Pulse counter (ex: energy metering application) and binary data acquisition features on the BeanDevice® SUN-BN.

TN_RF_005 – “Pulse counter & binary data BeanDevice® SUN-BN acquisition on the BeanDevice® SUN-BN”

TN_RF_004 - Ambient Light sensor technical BeanDevice® specifications (Ecosensor) RF_TN_003 - Wireless Network capacity
All the products

Technical description of the Ambient light sensor available on the BeanDevice® SUNSUN-XX XX products

Network capacity characterization Beanair Wireless Sensor Networks

of

RF_TN_002 - Current consumption in active BeanDevice® & sleeping mode RF_TN_001 - Wireless range benchmarking BeanDevice®

Current consumption estimation of the BeanDevice in active and sleeping mode
Wireless range BeanDevice® benchmarking of the

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5. AIM OF THE DOCUMENT

This document is intended to describe the different data acquisition mode available on the BeanDevice®, how to configure these features from the BeanScape® and systems restrictions.

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6. ADVANTAGES & LIMITS OF EACH DATA ACQUISITION MODE

The following table presents the advantages & disadvantages of the different data acquisition mode:

Low Duty Cycle

Alarm

Math

Streaming & Streaming packet IEEE 802.15.4

Survey

Smart Shock Detection

Wireless Stack compatibility Low consumption

Low Duty Cycle Data sampling N.A.

1s to 1day 1 sps to 3 Ksps maximum Dynamic / static Dynamic 1 sps to 1 Ksps maximum Dynamic / static

N.A. Static

Data acquisition type

Static

Static

Class of application

Static measurement with sleeping mode

Monitoring on isolated sites ( lack of external power supply)

Data acquisition in harsh industrial environment

Dynamic measurement : Vibration, acceleration, strain gauge

Monitoring on Shock detection isolated sites ( lack (BeanDevice® AXof external power 3DS only) supply) with a better robustness of the solution

Network Size

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7. DATA ACQUISITION MODE AVAILABLE ON THE BEANDEVICE®

The following table presents the different data acquisition mode available on the BeanDevice®:

BeanDevice® SmartSensor products (except Beandevice® AX-3D)

Data acquisition Mode

Low Duty Cycle Data Acquisition(LDCDA)

Alarm

Survey

Streaming & Streaming Packet

Math

Smart shock detection

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BeanDevice® AX-3DS

BeanDevice® TSI/TH

BeanDevice® AN-XX

BeanDevice® Ecosensor products

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8. DATA ACQUISITION MODE OVERVIEW

8.1

LOW DUTY CYCLE DATA ACQUISITION (LDCDA)

8.1.1

Description

Low duty cycle data acquisition is adapted for static measurement (tilt, pressure, temperature) requiring a low power consumption on your BeanDevice®. The duty cycle can be configured between 1 data acquisition & transmission per second to 1 data acquisition &transmission per day.

Low Duty Cycle Data Acquisition Mode
Data Acquisition & Data Logging Wireless TX Network Diagnostic transmission (if selected)

∆t1

∆t2

∆t3

∆t4

BeanDevice wakes up (if Sleep mode is selected)

Start sleeping (if Sleep mode is selected)

Δt

Δt

Δt

Sleep

Sleep

Sleep t

In Low Duty cycle data acquisition (LDCDA), the BeanDevice® operates as follows:  Step 1 : The BeanDevice® wakes up (if sleep mode/ sleep mode with network listening is selected), all the sensors connected to the BeanDevice® are also activated;  Step 2 : A Data acquisition is performed;  Step3: If DataLogger feature is enabled: the data acquisition is registered on the Beandevice® Datalogger ;  Step 4: If Data Transmission feature is enabled: the data acquisition is transmitted to the BeanGateway® ;

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 Step 5 : A Network diagnostic is performed and transmitted to the BeanGateway® (depending on diagnostic cycle defined by the user)  Step 6 : The BeanDevice® goes to sleep (if sleep mode/ sleep mode with network listening is selected)

Go to the LDCDA Flowchart diagram section for a flowchart representation of the LDCDA measurement mode.

8.1.2

Data acquisition cycle

The data acquisition cycle is user-definable from the BeanScape®: Beandevice® Data Acquisition Cycle depending on the power mode status Data acquisition duty cycle (in seconds)

BeanDevice® is operating with “Sleep power mode” or “Sleep Power Mode with Minimum values for data network listening” on the acquisition cycle BeanDevice® BeanDevice® is operating with “Active” power mode Maximum value

4s

1s 1day (86400 seconds)

The BeanDevice® includes a series of protection mechanisms against unauthorized configurations: If the BeanDevice® is operating in “sleep mode” or “sleep mode with network listening”: If the user sends an OTAC parameter to configure a data acquisition cycle under 4s, no action will be taken by the BeanDevice®. If the BeanDevice® is operating in active power mode with a data acquisition cycle under 4s:

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If the user sends an OTAC parameter to switch in “sleep mode” or “sleep mode with network listening”, no action will be taken by the BeanDevice®.

If the data acquisition cycle of your Beandevice® is short, its autonomy will decrease. Don’t forget to configure your BeanDevice® power mode in “sleep mode” or “sleep mode with network listening” if you want to increase its autonomy.

For further information about the Power mode on the BeanDevice® , please read the technical note TN_RF_010: “BeanDevice® Power mode management”

8.2

ALARM MODE

8.2.1

Description

The Data acquisition is transmitted by radio whenever an alarm threshold (fixed by the user) is reached. Four alarms threshold levels High/Low are allocated to each sensor channel.

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Alarm Mode
Alarm ?
Data Acquisition Wireless TX if alarm threshold Network Diagnostic transmission (if selected)

∆t1

∆t2

∆t3

∆t4

BeanDevice wakes up (if Sleep mode is selected)

Start sleeping (if Sleep mode is selected)

Δt

Δt

Δt

Sleep

Sleep

Sleep t

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In alarm mode, the BeanDevice® operates as follows:  Step 1 : The BeanDevice® wakes up (if sleep mode/ sleep mode with network listening is selected), all the sensors connected to the BeanDevice® are also activated;  Step 2 : A Data acquisition is performed;  Step3: If DataLogger feature is enabled: the data acquisition is registered on the Beandevice® Datalogge if an alarm threshold is reached ;  Step 4: If Data Transmission feature is enabled: the data acquisition is transmitted to the BeanGateway® if an alarm threshold is reached;  Step 5 : A Network diagnostic is performed and transmitted to the BeanGateway® (depending on diagnostic cycle defined by the user)  Step 6 : The BeanDevice® goes to sleep (if sleep mode/ sleep mode with network listening is selected)

If the alarm thresholds H1/H2/L1/L2 are not clearly defined, you can end up with spurious and untimely alarms. Do not forget to properly configure the alarms thresholds before starting the alarm mode. Read the section “Alarm threshold configuration from the BeanScape®”.

Go to the Alarm Flowchart diagram section for a flowchart representation of the LDCDA measurement mode.

8.2.1

Data acquisition cycle

Same process than LDCDA mode

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8.3

« SURVEY » MODE

8.3.1

Description

The survey mode operates like the alarm mode but the device sends frequently a beacon frame informing its current status: Data acquisition is done with a duty cycle of Cm (configurable with the BeanScape®); Data transmission is done with a duty cycle of Ct = N*Cm (N is the number of data acquisition before a data transmission). This parameter is configurable with the BeanScape®; Whenever an alarm threshold (fixed by the user) is reached (4 alarm threshold levels High/Low), data is transmitted instantly;

Survey Mode
Data Acquisition Wireless TX: if alarm threshold or TX Cycle reached

Alarm or TX Cycle Reached ?
Network Diagnostic transmission (if selected)

∆t1

∆t2

∆t3

∆t4

BeanDevice wakes up (if Sleep mode is selected)

Start sleeping (if Sleep mode is selected)

Δt

Δt

Δt

Sleep

Sleep

Sleep t

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In survey mode, the BeanDevice® operates as follows:  Step 1 : The BeanDevice® wakes up (if sleep mode/ sleep mode with network listening is selected), all the sensors connected to the BeanDevice® are also activated;  Step 2 : A Data acquisition is performed;  Step3: If DataLogger feature is enabled: the data acquisition is registered on the Beandevice® Datalogger if an alarm threshold is reached ® or a measurement cycle is reached;  Step 4: If Data Transmission feature is enabled: the data acquisition is transmitted to the BeanGateway® if an alarm threshold is reached or a transmission cycle is reached;  Step 5 : A Network diagnostic is performed and transmitted to the BeanGateway® (depending on diagnostic cycle defined by the user)  Step 6 : The BeanDevice® goes to sleep (if sleep mode/ sleep mode with network listening is selected)

If the alarms thresholds H1/H2/L1/L2 are not well defined, you can end up with spurious and untimely alarms. Do not forget to properly configure the alarms thresholds before starting the alarm mode. Read the section “Alarm threshold configuration from the BeanScape®”.

Go to the Survey Flowchart diagram section for a flowchart representation of the LDCDA measurement mode.

8.3.2

Data acquisition cycle

Same process than LDCDA mode

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8.4

STREAMING & STREAMING PACKET MODE

8.4.1

Description

Streaming & Streaming Packet mode are dedicated to dynamic data acquisition (vibration, strain gage, deformation, acceleration…):  “Streaming Packet” is more suitable for users requiring a high data sampling rate (maximum 5 KSps). In order to achieve these performances, data sampling are transmitted by packet;  “Streaming” is more suitable for users requiring a real-time data transmission (with time latency under 10ms). Sampling rate value depends highly on the number of sensor channels activated.

For completing this type of data acquisition, the BeanDevice® provides others options:  “Streaming”/”Streaming Packet” with sleep mode activated: The BeanDevice® transmits all the data acquisition with a sampling rate of fs (1/∆t3), an acquisition duration of (∆t2) and a data acquisition cycle (∆t) defined by the end-user.  “Streaming” / “Streaming packet” with « continuous monitoring » option activated: the BeanDevice® sends the data acquisition in streaming mode without stopping. This mode is adapted for continuous monitoring on machines.

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Streaming Packet Mode (with Sleep activated)
Data Acquisition Network Diagnostic transmission (if selected) BeanDevice wakes up (if Sleep mode is selected) Start sleeping (if Sleep mode is selected)

Wireless TX

Δt

Δt2 Δt1

Sleep

t
In Streaming Packet mode (with sleep activated), the BeanDevice® operates as follows:  Step 1 : The BeanDevice® wakes up (if sleep mode/ sleep mode with network listening is selected), all the sensors connected to the BeanDevice® are also activated;  Step 2 : A Data acquisition is performed with a high sampling rate, and buffered ;  Step3: If DataLogger feature is enabled: the data acquisition is registered on the Beandevice® Datalogger;  Step 4: If Data Transmission feature is enabled: If data buffer is full, a data packet is transmitted to the BeanGateway® ;  Step 5: Step 2 to Step 4 are repeated until the sampling duration is completed;  Step 6 : A Network diagnostic is performed and transmitted to the BeanGateway® (depending on diagnostic cycle defined by the user)  Step 7 : The BeanDevice® goes to sleep (if sleep mode/ sleep mode with network listening is selected)

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Streaming Mode (with Sleep activated)
Data Acquisition Network Diagnostic transmission (if selected) BeanDevice wakes up (if Sleep mode is selected) Start sleeping (if Sleep mode is selected)

Wireless TX

Δt3

Δt

Δt2 Δt1

Sleep

t
In Streaming mode (with sleep activated), the BeanDevice® operates as follows:  Step 1 : The BeanDevice® wakes up (if sleep mode/ sleep mode with network listening is selected), all the sensors connected to the BeanDevice® are also activated;  Step 2 : A Data acquisition is performed with a high sampling rate;  Step3: If DataLogger feature is enabled: the data acquisition is registered on the Beandevice® Datalogger;  Step 4: The data acquisition is transmitted to the BeanGateway® ;  Step 5: Step 2 to Step 4 are repeated until the sampling duration is completed;  Step 6: A Network diagnostic is performed and transmitted to the BeanGateway® (depending on diagnostic cycle defined by the user)  Step 7 : The BeanDevice® goes to sleep (if sleep mode/ sleep mode with network listening is selected)

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Streaming Packet Mode (continuous monitoring)

Wireless TX

Wake up

Data Acquisition

t
In Streaming Packet mode (continuous monitoring), the BeanDevice® operates as follows:  Step 1 : The BeanDevice® wakes up (if sleep mode/ sleep mode with network listening is selected), all the sensors connected to the BeanDevice® are also activated;  Step 2 : A Data acquisition is performed with a high sampling rate, and buffered ;  Step3: If DataLogger feature is enabled: the data acquisition is registered on the Beandevice® Datalogger;  Step 4: If data buffer is full, a data packet is transmitted to the BeanGateway® ;  Step 5: Step 2 to Step 4 are repeated without stopping;

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Streaming Mode (continuous monitoring)

Wireless TX

Wake up

Data Acquisition

t

In Streaming mode (continuous monitoring), the BeanDevice® operates as follows:  Step 1 : The BeanDevice® wakes up (if sleep mode/ sleep mode with network listening is selected), all the sensors connected to the BeanDevice® are also activated;  Step 2 : A Data acquisition is performed with a high sampling rate;  Step3: If DataLogger feature is enabled: the data acquisition is registered on the Beandevice® Datalogger;  Step 4: The data acquisition is transmitted to the BeanGateway® ;  Step 5: Step 2 to Step 4 are repeated without stopping;

The following table describes the maximum sampling rate depending on the number of sensor channels activated. Number of activated channels 1 Channel 2 Channels 3 Channels BeanDevice® AX-3D 3 KSPS 1,5 KSPS 1 KSPS BeanDevice® 60 SPS 60 SPS 60 SPS HI-INC BeanDevice® AX-3DS 1 KSPS 1 KSPS 1 KSPS

Take notice: 1 KSPS == 1Ksamples per second with a resolution of 16-bits

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If you define a sampling rate beyond the maximum capacity allowed on the BeanDevice®, it will be automatically fitted.

Streaming packet mode is optimized for a dynamic data acquisition, it offers the following features: For a better battery autonomy, all the data acquisition are transmitted by packet (45 data samples are encapsulated in a packet) The BeanDevice® offers a high accuracy sampling rate (accuracy based on a crystal: +/-20ppm) Sampling data operation is not stopped during wireless transmission of the packet ; The cutoff frequency of the anti-aliasing filter can be configured from the BeanScape® software (available only on the following products: BeanDevice® AX-3D and BeanDevice® HI-INC)

Math Mode, Streaming Mode & Streaming Packet Mode special cases: The Data acquisition duration must be lower than Data Acquisition cycle. The Data Acquisition cycle is automatically adjusted by the BeanDevice ® in case of a configuration error. A margin of 10s between these two parameters is fixed by the BeanDevice®.

In Streaming & Streaming Packet mode: PER will increase proportionately with the sampling rate, mainly if several BeanDevice® are connected on the same WSN. It is recommended to test several WSN topologies in order to find the right suitability between the WSN size and the sampling rate. For further information, read the technical note: RF_TN_003 - Wireless Network capacity

Due to sampling rate synchronization constraint, an OTAC (Over-the-air-configuration) will not be possible when Streaming Packet/Streaming is started. Be sure that your BeanDevice® configuration is correct before starting the Streaming/Streaming packet mode. In the case of a wrong configuration, read the section “Restrictions in streaming & streaming packet mode”.

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Go to the Streaming Flowchart diagram section for a flowchart representation of the LDCDA measurement mode.

Go to the Streaming Packet Flowchart diagram section for a flowchart representation of the LDCDA measurement mode.

8.5

MATH MODE

In math mode values such as the mean value, maximum value, minimum value and standard deviation are calculated on sample time series and transmitted by radio.

Math Mode (continuous monitoring)
Data Acquisition Wireless TX Network Diagnostic transmission (if selected)

∆t1

∆t2

∆t3

∆t4

BeanDevice wakes up (if Sleep mode is selected)

Start sleeping (if Sleep mode is selected)

Δt

Δt

Δt

Sleep

Sleep

Sleep t

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8.6

SMART SHOCK DETECTION BEANDEVICE® AX-3DS)

(

AVAILABLE

ONLY

ON

THE

8.6.1

Description

The BeanDevice® AX-3DS integrates Smart Shock Detection technology which permits to detect & recognize a shock event during the sleeping mode of the BeanDevice® AX-3DS.

The BeanDevice® wakes up on two conditions: Survey Cycle: A survey frame is transmitted; the transmission cycle is configurable from the BeanScape®. The user can choose to enable or disable this option; Whenever a shock event is detected, all the measurement data are transmitted instantly;

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8.6.2

During a shock detection

SSD - Smart Shock detection
Data Acquisition & Data Logging
Wireless TX Network Diagnostic transmission BeanDevice wakes up (a shock threshold is reached) Start sleeping

Δt2

Δt1

Sleep

t
∆t1 = 12.5 ms, Latency time between the Beandevice® wakes up and the first data acquisition
∆t2 - Data sampling duration. This value can be configured by the user from the BeanScape® software. The BeanDevice® operates as follows:  Step 1 : A shock threshold is reached (the threshold value is fixed by the user), the BeanDevice® wakes up;  Step 2 : A Data acquisition is performed with a high sampling rate, and buffered ;  Step3: If DataLogger feature is enabled: the data acquisition is registered on the Beandevice® Datalogger;  Step 4: If a Data Transmission feature is enabled: The data acquisition is transmitted to the BeanGateway® ;

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 Step 5: Step 2 to Step 4 are repeated until the sampling duration (∆t2) is completed;  Step 6: A Network diagnostic is automatically performed and transmitted to the BeanGateway®

Step 7 : The BeanDevice® goes to sleep

8.6.3

During a Survey

If survey feature is activated, the BeanDevice® wakes up on a duty cycle:  Step 1 : The BeanDevice® wakes up;  Step 2 : A Data acquisition is performed ;  Step 4: If a Data Transmission feature is enabled: The data acquisition is transmitted to the BeanGateway® ;  Step 5: A Network diagnostic is automatically performed and transmitted to the BeanGateway®  Step 6 : The BeanDevice® goes to sleep

The DataLogger is not activated during a survey

SSD - Smart Shock detection (during a self-test)
Data Acquisition & Data Logging Wireless TX Network Diagnostic transmission BeanDevice wakes up (a shock threshold is reached) Start sleeping

Sleep

t

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9. OPERATIONAL FEATURES

9.1

ALARM THRESHOLD MANAGEMENT (SURVEY AND ALARM MODE)

The following part of the chapter concerns the alarms threshold management on the BeanDevice®

The BeanDevice® SUN-BN operates with a special alarm threshold management. For further informations, please read the technical note TN_RF_005: “Pulse counter & binary data acquisition on the BeanDevice® SUN-BN”.

Four alarms thresholds are available. The user can remotely configure the threshold values from the BeanScape ®: 2 high thresholds (H1/H2) 2 low thresholds (L1/L2).

Alarms threshold are organized as follows: H2 >= H1 > L1 >= L2

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Several configurations are possible: If H2 > H1 & L1> L2
measure Measurement NOK H2 Measurement OK H1

Measurement NOK

L1
Measurement OK L2 Measurement NOK t

If H2 = H1 & B1=B2

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measure

Measurement NOK H1 = H2

Measurement OK

Measurement OK Measurement NOK

L1 = L2

t

If H2 = H1 and L1 > L2

measure

Measurement NOK H2 = H1

Measurement OK L1

L2 Measurement NOK t

If H2 > H1 et L1 == L2

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measure Measurement NOK H2

H1

Measurement OK

Measurement NOK

L2 = L1 t

If the alarms thresholds H1/H2/L1/L2 are not well defined, you can end up with spurious and untimely alarms. Do not forget to properly configure the alarms thresholds before starting the alarm mode.

9.2

RESTRICTIONS IN STREAMING & STREAMING PACKET MODE

If a device or several devices are configured in streaming mode or streaming packet mode, the data acquisition transmitted by radio must be perfectly synchronized. Whatever the measurement mode on the others BeanDevice®, an OTAC (Over-the-air configuration) is not possible on your Network.

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OTAC parameters transmission failure

BeanDevice in LDCDA Low duty cycle 10s

BeanScape

BeanDevice in Streaming Mode

Stream data at 200 Hz
BeanGateway (WSN Coordinator)

Stream data at 200 Hz

No response coming from the BeanDevice
BeanDevice in Streaming Mode

If several Beandevice® must operate in streaming mode on your network, you must apply the following configuration process:

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First Step: Check your WSN is ready to be configured

• Install properly your WSN • Check your BeanDevice® power mode configuration. If it is operating in "Sleep" or "Sleep with Network Listening", push on "Network" push button for more than 2s

Second Step: Start configuring your BeanDevice in streaming mode

•Power on each BeanDevice®, configure the streaming mode on this BeanDevice® and Power off the configured BeanDevice® • Repeat this operation for each BeanDevice which must operate on streaming mode

Third Step: Start the Streaming mode on your network

•Power on each BeanDevice®, the streaming mode was previously backuped on the BeanDevice® flash • The BeanDevice starts operating in streaming mode

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9.3

DATA SAMPLING ACCURACY IN STREAMING & STREAMING PACKET MODE (FOR EXPERTS ONLY)

All the BeanDevice® integrates a RTC (Real-Time-clock) and a high accuracy timer for data sampling. The RTC is a computer clock in the form of an integrated circuit that keeps track of the current time. It is used by the BeanDevice®. Architecture of Real-Time-Clock & Timer on the BeanDevice®

RTC
Wireless sensor
Crystal 16 MHZ, +/-20 ppm

A RTC (Real-Time-Clock) is used for starting the data sampling on a date (Year, Month, Hours, Minute and seconds). A Timer is used for Data Sampling (∆t), the Timer source is a 16 MHz Crystal with a frequency stability of +/20 ppm at 25°C. Data transmission does not affect data sampling process.

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Data Acquisition and/or Data Logging

RTC starts the streaming data acquisition

Wireless TX

Δt

t
9.3.1 Crystal specifications

Nominal frequency Frequency tolerance (at 25±3℃) Frequency Stability (vs. 25℃) Aging Rate

16 Mz ± 20 ppm ± 20 ppm ± 3 ppm/ Year

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10. DATA ACQUISITION BEANSCAPE®

MODE

CONFIGURATION

FROM

THE

1. Open your BeanScape® 2. Click on your BeanDevice® profile 3. Click on “Data config tag”

Click on your BeanDevice® profile Click on Data Acq. config.

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10.1 TAB: DATA ACQUISITION CONFIGURATION

Data acquisition mode configuration

DataLogger options

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Parameter

Different values
Low duty cycle Data Acquisition (LDCDA) Alarm Survey

Description
Low duty cycle data acquisition is adapted for static measurement (tilt, pressure, temperature) requiring a low power consumption on your BeanDevice®. The duty cycle can be configured between 1 data acquisition & transmission per second to 1 data acquisition & transmission per day. Data acquisitions are transmitted by radio whenever an alarm threshold (fixed by the user) is reached (4 alarms threshold levels High/Low). Survey mode is a mix between the LDCDA mode and Alarm mode. A data acquisition is transmitted   Whenever an alarm threshold (fixed by the user) is reached (4 alarm threshold levels High/Low). A transmission cycle is reached, the transmission cycle is configurable through the BeanScape® 1s to 24h ;

Data Acquisition mode

Streaming Packet

Streaming packet is more suitable for users requiring a high data sampling rate (maximum 5 KHz). In order to achieve these performances, data sampling are transmitted by packet; Streaming mode is more suitable for users requiring a real-time data transmission (with time latency under 10ms). Smart shock detection mode is only available on the BeanDevice® AX-3DS. If a shock threshold is detected, the Beandevice® starts to transmit all the data acquisition to the BeanGateway®.

Streaming

SSD (Smart Shock Detection)

Data acquisition Cycle

Select the Data acquisition cycle between 1s and 24hours. The format is: Day : Hour : Minute :Second

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Select the sampling rate of your BeanDevice® between 1 sample per second and 5000 Samples per second maximum. The resolution is 1 sample per second. If DataLogger is selected, the maximum sampling rate is 2000 samples per second.

Sampling rate

This field is available in streaming, streaming packet, and math mode Choose carefully the Sampling rate value:  The PER (Packet Error Rate) can increase if the Sampling rate is high on your BeanDevice®. For further information read the technical note “RF_TN_003 V1.0- Wireless Network capacity”

Power consumption increases with the sampling rate of your BeanDevice®

Data acquisition duration / Transmission Ratio

Data acquisition duration in streaming, streaming packet, and math mode. The format is Day : Hour : Minute :Second The Data acquisition duration value can be higher than Data acquisition cycle. Transmission Ratio in Survey mode (N) Transmission Cycle = N x Data Acquisition Cycle Tx only: The BeanDevice® transmits the data acquisition without Datalogging Log only: The Beandevice® logs the data acquisition without wireless transmission

Options

Tx & Log: The BeanDevice® transmits and logs the data acquisition; For further information about the DataLogger feature, read the technical note TN_RF_007 – “BeanDevice® DataLogger User Guide ”

All your modifications are displayed on “Current data acquisition mode” frame:

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10.2 ALARM THRESHOLD CONFIGURATION FROM THE BEANSCAPE®

10.2.1 Overview

Pop-up window displaying the sensor alarm

Alarm threshold configuration tab

Displays alarm threshold value

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10.2.2 How to set an alarm threshold Click on configuration

Select your sensor channel

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Parameter Alarm threshold

Description
You can configure threshold high values (H1, H2) and low values (L1,L2) . In alarm mode, when a higher low threshold value is reached, an alarm notification is transmitted to the BeanGateway ;  If the sensor value is higher than H1/H2, an alarm notification is send to the BeanGateway/BeanScape;  If the sensor value is lower than L1/L2, an alarm notification is send to the BeanGateway/BeanScape;. Threshold values must be organized in this manner: H2>= H1 > L1>=L2

10.2.3 Sensor alarms window The BeanScape® provides user a detailed and neatly viewed alarm list (four user configurable alarms Up/Down). A real time diagnostic alarm is generated by the BeanAir® expert system. Select the desired platform by clicking on “Tools” scrolling menu available on the left side pane. Then Click :

You will see the following screen :

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Please note that this window automatically opens when the alarm threshold is exceeded.

Date of the latest alarm

Alarm value

Data acquisition mode

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11. EXAMPLES

If your previous Data acquisition mode was streaming or streaming packet mode, you have to follow the section

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11.1 LOW DUTY CYCLE ACQUISITION MODE

11.1.1 Configuration Ex: The Beandevice® must be configured in Low Duty Cycle acquisition mode with a Data acquisition cycle of 20s. Proceed as follows:

2 3 1

4

5

6

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1

Choose “LowDutyCycle “ in Data acquisition mode

2

Enter a data acquisition cycle of 20s

3

Choose the Datalogger option. In this example, we configure the BeanDevice® in TX only

4

Click on validate to validate your new configuration

5

A Pop-up window displays the new configuration

If the new data acquisition mode configuration is accepted by the BeanDevice®, all

6

the parameters are displayed in the frame “Current data acquisition mode”

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11.1.2 Graph visualization The graph displays all the data acquisition in Low Duty cycle: Graph corresponding to Low Duty Cycle acquisition mode Latest data acquisition value and date

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11.2 ALARM MODE

If the alarms thresholds H1/H2/L1/L2 are not well defined, you can end up with spurious and untimely alarms. Do not forget to properly configure the alarms thresholds before starting the alarm mode. Read the section “Alarm threshold configuration from the BeanScape®”

11.2.1 Alarm mode configuration Ex: The Beandevice® must be configured in Alarm data acquisition mode with a Data acquisition cycle of 10s. Proceed as follows:

2 3

4 1

5

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6

1

Choose “Alarm “

2 3

Enter a data acquisition cycle of 10s

Choose the Datalogger option: here TX only (no Datalogging)

4

Click on validate to enable your new configuration

5

A Pop-up window displays the new configuration

6

If the new data acquisition mode configuration is accepted by the BeanDevice®, all the parameters are displayed in the frame “Current data acquisition mode”

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11.3 SURVEY MODE

If the alarms thresholds H1/H2/L1/L2 are not well defined, you can end up with spurious and untimely alarms. Do not forget to properly configure the alarms thresholds before starting the alarm mode. Read the section “Alarm threshold configuration from the BeanScape®”.

11.3.1 Survey mode configuration

3

2

1

4

5

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7

1

Choose “Survey “

2

Enter a Data acquisition cycle of 20s

3

Enter a transmission ratio of 5

4

Choose the Datalogger option: here TX and Log

5

Click on validate to enable your new configuration

6

A Pop-up window displays the new configuration

7

If the new data acquisition mode configuration is accepted by the BeanDevice®, all the parameters are displayed in the frame “Current data acquisition mode”

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11.3.2 Graph visualization

Graph corresponding to Low Duty Cycle acquisition mode

Latest data acquisition value and date

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11.4 STREAMING PACKET MODE (CONTINUOUS MONITORING)

11.4.1 Streaming Packet Mode configuration

Ex: The Beandevice® must be configured in Streaming packet mode with a sampling rate of 1000 Hz with continuous monitoring activated.

Proceed as follows:

4

2 3

1

5

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1

Choose “Streaming Packet“

2

Enter a sampling rate of 1000 Hz

3

Check “Continuous monitoring”

4

Choose the Datalogger option: here TX only

5

Click on validate to enable your new configuration

6

A Pop-up window displays the new configuration

7

If the new data acquisition mode configuration is accepted by the BeanDevice®, all the parameters are displayed in the frame “Current data acquisition mode”

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11.4.2 Graph visualization

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11.5 SSD (SMART SHOCK DETECTION)

Step 1
Step 2

• Configure the measurement range of your accelerometer

• Configure the SSD (Smart Shock Detection) Profile

Step 3

• Configure SSD (Smart shock detection) measurement mode

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11.5.1 Step 1: configure the measurement range of your accelerometer

3 2 1

1 2 3

Click on your sensor channel

Click on the sensor configuration

Choose your accelerometer range and click on validate

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11.5.2 Step 2: Configure the SSD profile
Click on Shock detection configuration, a new window will open:

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1 2 3 4 5 4

2 3

5

6 6 8 7 9

Shock detection configuration 1

Shock detection configuration 2

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1

Changes the accelerometer bandwidth during the sleeping of the Beandevice®:

Depending on the sampling rate of the accelerometer during sleeping, the BeanDevice® current consumption can change:

Accelerometer sampling rate during sleeping 0,5 Hz 1 Hz 2 Hz 5 Hz 10 Hz 50 Hz 100 Hz 400 Hz 1000 Hz

BeanDevice® Current consumption 21 µA 31 µA 50 µA 78 µA 130 µA 302 µA 308 µA 343µA 413 µA

The user can select two events profile Event 1 and Event 2.

2
Event combination

3

The user can use two logical combinations: AND and OR combination on the axis event selection. Fix the shock detection threshold Unit value: g The resolution of the threshold value depends on the acceleration range of the accelerometer. On the axis event selection frame, if the High Axis is selected, the value of the threshold will be positive.

4

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If the Low axis is selected, the value of the threshold will be negative. Example: For a threshold value fixed at 2g, if X High Axis OR X Low Axis is selected. For all the values upper than 2g on the X Axis, a shock event is detected For all the values less than -2g on the X Axis, a shock event is detected.

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Axis event selection

5

The user can choose on which axis the shock event is affected: X Axis High, X Axis Low, Y Axis High, Y axis Low, Z Axis High, Z Axis Low. The combination AND/OR is not available for two events on the same axis, i.e. these combinations are not possible: X High and/or X Low, Y High and/or Y Low, Z High and/or Z Low. Several configuration of shock detection are possible on the same axis:

The user selects XX Axis Low, all the shocks are detected on the following acceleration range [-TH_VALUE ;+TH_VALUE ];

+ Range_MAX

+TH_VAL

Measurement is OK

Shock Detection Area

- TH_VAL

Measurement is OK
- Range_MIN

The user selects XX Axis High , all the shocks are detected on the following acceleration range [Range_MIN ; -TH_VAL] and [+TH_VALUE; Range_MAX];

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+ Range_MAX

+TH_VAL

Shock Detection Area

Measurement is OK

- TH_VAL

Shock Detection Area
- Range_MIN

The user selects a high event on the axis (+TH_VALUE), a shock is detected if the threshold value +TH_VALUE is reached:

Hysteresis
6

The user can fix an hysteresis on threshold value Choose closely the value of the hysteresis. The resolution depends on the accelerometer bandwith during sleep or deep sleep. VALIDATE

7

Click here to validate your new configuration RESET

8

Click to restore a default configuration CANCEL

9

Click here to cancel your configuration

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11.5.3 Step 3: Configure SSD measurement mode

11.5.3.1 SSD with Survey option enabled.

Ex: The Beandevice® must be configured in Smart shock detection 500 Hz with No survey and a shock event acquisition duration of 10s if a shock is detected.

7

1

6 2

3

8

4

5

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Proceed as follows:

1

Choose “SSD“ (Smart shock detection)

2

Enter a sampling rate of 500Hz during a shock event acquisition

3

Event acquisition duration: 10s

4

check “No survey cycle”

5

Choose the Datalogger option: here TX and Log

6

Click on validate to enable your new configuration

7

A Pop-up window displays the new configuration

8

If the new data acquisition mode configuration is accepted by the BeanDevice®, all the parameters are displayed in the frame “Current data acquisition mode”

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11.5.1 SSD without survey Ex: The Beandevice® must be configured in Smart shock detection 50 Hz with a survey every 1 minute and a shock event acquisition duration of 10s if a shock is detected.

7

1

6 2

3

8

4

5

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1

Choose “SSD“ (Smart shock detection)

2

Enter a sampling rate of 50Hz during a shock event acquisition

3

Event acquisition duration: 10s

4

Uncheck “No survey cycle”

5

Choose the Datalogger option: here TX and Log

6

Click on validate to enable your new configuration

7

A Pop-up window displays the new configuration

8

If the new data acquisition mode configuration is accepted by the BeanDevice®, all the parameters are displayed in the frame “Current data acquisition mode”

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11.5.1 Graph display

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12. APPENDIX 1 : FLOWCHART DIAGRAM (FOR EXPERT USER ONLY)
12.1 “LDCDA” DATA MANAGEMENT

ACQUISITION

MODE

WITH

SLEEPING

POWER

The Beandevice wakes-up Is Radio TX activated ? Perform a data acquisition Yes

No Perform Nwk Diag

Transmit the Data acquisition

Is Datalogger enabled ?

Yes

No

Log the data acquisition

Is Nwk Diag Cycle Reached ? Transmit Nwk Diag

The Beandevice goes to sleep

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12.1 « ALARM » DATA ACQUISITION MODE WITH SLEEPING POWER MANAGEMENT

The Beandevice wakes-up

Perform a data acquisition

Is an Alarm treshold reached ?

No

Is Radio TX activated ?

Yes

Yes

No Perform Nwk Diag

Transmit the Data acquisition

Is Datalogger enabled ?

Yes

No

Log the data acquisition

Is Nwk Diag Cycle Reached ? Transmit Nwk Diag

The Beandevice goes to sleep

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12.1 « SURVEY » DATA ACQUISITION MODE WITH SLEEPING POWER MANAGEMENT

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The Beandevice wakes-up

Perform a data acquisition

Is an Alarm treshold is reached ?

Yes

No

Mesaurement Cycle reached ?

No

Is Radio TX activated ?

Yes

Yes No Perform Nwk Diag Is Datalogger enabled ? Yes

Transmit the Data acquisition

No

Log the data acquisition

Is Nwk Diag Cycle Reached ? Transmit Nwk Diag

The Beandevice goes to sleep

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12.1 « STREAMING » DATA ACQUISITION MODE WITH SLEEPING POWER MANAGEMENT

The Beandevice wakes-up No Is Data sampling duration finished ?

Perform a data acquisition

Yes Perform Nwk Diag

Is Datalogger enabled ?

Yes Transmit Nwk Diag

No

Log the data acquisition

The Beandevice goes to sleep

Is Radio TX activated ?

Yes

No Transmit the Data acquisition

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12.2 « STREAMING PACKET » DATA ACQUISITION MODE WITH SLEEPING POWER MANAGEMENT

The Beandevice wakes-up No Is Data sampling duration finished ?

Perform a data acquisition and bufferise

Yes Perform Nwk Diag

Is Datalogger enabled ?

Yes Transmit Nwk Diag

No

Log the data acquisition

The Beandevice goes to sleep No Is Radio TX activated ?

Yes No Is the data buffer ready is full ?

Yes Transmit the Data acquisition by packet

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12.3 SSD (SMART SHOCK DETECTION)

12.3.1 Shock Detection Flowchart

A shock is detected

No Perform a data acquisition and bufferize

Is Data sampling duration finished ?

Yes

Perform Nwk Diag Is Datalogger enabled ? Yes

No

Log the data acquisition

Transmit Nwk Diag

The Beandevice goes to sleep

No

Is Radio TX activated ?

Yes

No

Is the data buffer is full ?

Transmit the Data acquisition by packet

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“Rethinking sensing technology”

Document version : 1.3 Data acquisition modes available on the BeanDevice®

Document Type : Technical Note

12.3.1 Self-test Flowchart

The Beandevice wakes-up for self-test

Perform a data acquisition

Transmit the Data acquisition

Perform Nwk Diag

Transmit Nwk Diag

The Beandevice goes to sleep

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