June 19th 2008 Taipei, Taiwan

Neurophilosophical Approaches to the Dreaming Mind—a Contrastive Analysis of Dreaming and Wakefulness

Jennifer M. Windt and Thomas Metzinger Department of Philosophy, Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, Germany

Selected Bibliography: Philosophical, Psychological, and Neuroscientific Literature on Dreaming

Adler, A. (1936): On the Interpretation of Dreams. International Journal of Individual Psychology, Vol 2, No.1: 3-16. Agargün, M. Y. (2007). Nightmares and Suicidality. In Deirdre Barrett & Patrick McNamara, eds.: The New Science of Dreaming Vol 2: Content, Recall, and Personality Correlates. Praeger Publishers/Greenwood Publishing Group: 187-210. Antrobus, J. S. (1990): The Neurocognition of Sleep Mentation: Rapid Eye Movements, Visual Imagery, and Dreaming. In: Bootzin, R., Kihlstrom, J., and Schacter, D., eds.: Sleep and Cognition. Washington: American Psychological Association: 3-24. Antrobus, J. S. (1993): The dreaming mind/brain: understanding its processes with connectionist models. In: Cavallero, C., and Foulkes, D., eds.: Dreaming as Cognition. New York: Harvester Wheatsheaf: 77-92. Arden, J. B. (1996): Consciousness, Dreams, and Self: A Transdisciplinary Approach. Psychosocial Press. Aristotle (1955): Parva Naturalia. Tranlated and edited by W.D. Ross. Oxford: Clarendon Press. Armstrong, N. and Tennenhouse, L. (1990): The Interior Difference: A Brief Genealogy of Dreams, 1650-1717. Eighteenth-Century Studies 23 (4): 458-478. Arnold-Forster, M. (1921): Studies in Dreams. With a Foreword by Dr. Morton Prince. London: George Allan & Unwin LTD. Artemidorus (1975): The Interpretation of Dreams. Oneirocritica. Translation and Commentary by Robert J. White. Park Ridge, New Jersey: Noyes Press. Aserinsky, E. and Kleitman, N. (1953): Regularly occurring periods of eye motility, and concomitant phenomena, during sleep. Science, 118: 273–274. Auerbach, S. (2007): Dreams and Dreaming in Disorders of Sleep. In Deirdre Barrett & Patrick McNamara, eds.: The New Science of Dreaming Vol 1: Biological Aspects. Praeger Publishers/Greenwood Publishing Group: 221-244. Ayer, A. J. (1960): Professor Malcolm on dreams. Journal of Philosophy 57: 517-534. Reprinted in: Dunlop, C. E. M., ed. (1977): Philosophical Essays on Dreaming. Ithaca, London: Cornell University Press: 127-148. Baker, M. J. (1954): Sleeping and waking. Mind 63 (October):539-543. Barbera, J. (2008). Sleep and dreaming in Greek and Roman philosophy. Sleep Med; in press. Barrett, D., ed. (2001): Trauma and Dreams. Cambridge, MA and London: Harvard University


eds. Blagrove. and Santos.: The New Science of Dreaming Vol 3: Cultural and Theoretical Perspectives. J. Sleeping Brain.: Trauma and Dreams.. In Deirdre Barrett & Patrick McNamara. Cambridge University Press. (2005): Luzide Träume und analytische Philosophie. MA and London: Harvard University Press: 46-55. Curcio. E. F. Perspectives on Lucid Dreaming. Zeitschrift für Anomalistik 5: 101-114. Bassetti. de Gennaro. 15: 277-284. Pessoa... Baruss. Blackmore.. T. Belicki. L.. Beradt. M.: Conscious Mind.. Mestre. eds. ed. M. (2001): Identifying Sexual Trauma and Histories from Patterns of Sleep and Dreams. J. Cristiani. R. and LaBerge. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. (1991): Lucid dreaming: Awake in your sleep? Skeptical Inquirer 15: 362370. (2003): Visual dream content.. Journal of Mind and Behavior 17 (2): 99-134. V. K. M. Caplan. D. In: Barrett.. Bischof. In: Imants Baruss. F.. Fratello. Praeger Publishers/Greenwood Publishing Group: 133-154. and Rossini.: Alterations of Consciousness: An Empirical Analysis for Social Scientists. In: Julien Bogousslavsky & Louis R. Claudio (2001): Disturbances of consciousness and sleep-wake functions. Pauri. Bernhard. M. L. London: Routledge. (2004): Total Dream Loss: A Distinct Neuropsychological Dysfunction after Bilateral PCA Stroke.. Cognitive Brain Research. Ferrara.. (1986): Dream and Existence. and Cuddy. Cambridge. (1914): Dreams.: Stroke Syndromes. (2000): Awareness: Biorhythms. With an Essay by Bruno Bettleheim. Romei. T. R.. NJ: Humanities Press.. S. (1996): Problems with the cognitive psychological modeling of dreaming. H. D. Bentley. Sleep and Dreaming. G.. Sleep 27(5): 875-882. R. Bergson. New York: B. Paiva. 2 .. In: Gackenbach.. S. H. ed. Atlantic Highlands. and Bassetti. C. S. L.Barrett. (2004) : Reduction of Transcallosal Inhibition upon Awakening from REM Sleep in Humans as Assessed by Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation. Blackmore. Annals of Neurology 56: 583-586. Bertini. (1988): A theory of lucid dreams and OBEs. Imants (2003): Dreams. (1968): The Third Reich of Dreams. Bertolo. Marques. P. graphical representation and EEG alpha activity in congenitally blind subjects. New York and London: Plenum Press. L. Binswanger. W. eds. American Psychological Association.. (2007): An Evolutionary Theory of Dreams and Problem-Solving. M. Huebsch. C. M.

A. Balkin. In: Dunlop. R. 120: 1173-1197. A. (1965): Malcolm and the Criterion of Sleep. Ithaca. (1957): Sound sleep and sound scepticism. R. M. Consciousness and Cognition.. Calkins. Bloomington: First Books Library.. London: Cornell University Press: 52-63. Bosinelli. Th. (2007): Dreaming and Personality. Broughton. (1977): Philosophical Essays on Dreaming. W. 311-43. Wesensten. Carson. K. (2004): The relationship of nightmare frequency and nightmare distress to well-being. Philosophical Essays on Dreaming. and Herscovitch P. (2000): Dreaming. M. Am J Psychol 5. (1999): The Conscious Exploration of Dreaming. E. L. O. ed. N.: The New Science of Dreaming Vol 3: Cultural and Theoretical Perspectives. Braun. Belenky.Blagrove. J. Brain. Derek P.: The New Science of Dreaming Vol 2: Content.. Journal of Clinical Neuropsychology 4: 193218.. Brown.: Sacred Sleep: Scientific Contributions to the Study of Religiously Significant Dreaming.. E. Brereton. Ethos 28 (3): 377-409. (1982): Human consciousness and sleep/waking rhythms: A review and some neuropsychological considerations. 3 . eds. Bulkeley. and Vogelsong. (1945): Descartes’ Skepticism of the Senses. Discovering how we Create and Control our Dreams. L. Brugger. and Personality Correlates. K. Caldwell. M. (1893): Statistics of dreams. Recall. Mind 54: 313-322. J.. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 35: 47-53. 1977. Bouwsma. In Deirdre Barrett & Patrick McNamara. (1997): Regional cerebral blood flow throughout the sleep-wake cycle. ed.. Reprinted in: Dunlop. Ithaca. S. and Williams.. and consciousness: The social mapping hypothesis. J. Brooks. Farmer. M. E.. R. adaptation. In Deirdre Barrett & Patrick McNamara. P. Journal of Sleep Research 13: 129-136. Varga. M.. C. M. London: Cornell University Press: 157-173.. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 43: 339-352. R. M. G. (1995): Mind and consciousness during sleep. (in press): The phantom limb in dreams. Praeger Publishers/Greenwood Publishing Group: 71-94. C. Baldwin. Selbie. E. Praeger Publishers/Greenwood Publishing Group: 115-158. P. Behavioural Brain Research 69: 195-201. Blagrove. eds.

C. (1977): Philosophical Essays on Dreaming. Ithaca. Sleep Research Online 3: 67-72. Cheyne. Dreaming 13: 163-179. Chihara. A. S. London: Cornell University Press: 174-204. ed. M.: Sleep and Cognition. R. J. Cambridge. Ithaca. (2003): Sleep Paralysis and the Structure of Waking-Nightmare Hallucinations. and Schacter. Philosophical Review 70 (1961): 224-230 Reprinted in: Dunlop. The Philosophical Quarterly 13: 193-213. Cantwell Smith. types. Occhionero. A. C. Ithaca. (1977): Philosophical Essays on Dreaming. S. Charcot. Ithaca.. Theoria 31: 145-158. (2001): Consciousness during dreams. Consciousness and Cognition 10 (1): 26-41. London: Cornell University Press: 280-308.. C. (2000): Slow Wave and REM Sleep Mentation. E. J. (1999): Hypnagogic and Hypnopompic Hallucinations during Sleep Paralysis: Neurological and Cultural Construction of the Night-Mare... and structure of associated hallucinations. ed. M. (1965): Operationalism and Ordinary Language: A Critique of Wittgenstein. Washington: American Psychological Association: 179189.. (1883): Un cas de suppression brusque et isolée de la vision mentale des signes et des objets (formes et couleurs).. A. 15: 562-566. 8: 319-337. D. and Fodor. and Bosinelli.Canfield. R. D. Journal of Sleep Research. and Newby-Clark. & Bosinelli. Natale. Reprinted in: Dunlop. R. (1977): Philosophical Essays on Dreaming. (2001): Dreams and adaptation to divorce.. J. Cicogna. M. V. (1965): What Dreams are made on. and Zito. A. (1992): Slow wave sleep dreaming: Dream research. E. MA and London: Harvard University Press: 179-185. eds. M. London: Cornell University Press: 250-264. Kihlstrom. Progrès Médical 11 : 568-571. ed. 4 . V. J. (1965): Dreaming. J. C. Occhionero... Cavallero. C. Cicogna. D. J. Cartwright. M. Chappell. E. P. P. M.. E.. Cheyne. Bootzin. V. A.. C.. (2005): Sleep paralysis episode frequency and number. R. I.. (1990): A Network Model of Dreams.. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 43: 48-57. S. In Barrett. Consciousness and Cognition. American Philosophical Quarterly 2: 281-295. ed. (1963): The Concept of Dreaming. P.. M. C. C. Sleep. Reprinted in: Dunlop. M. Cigogna. Reprinted in: Dunlop. ed. Cheyne. Rueffer. M. London: Cornell University Press: 149-156. Chihara. J. (1961): Judgments in Sleep. (1977): Philosophical Essays on Dreaming. B. V.: Trauma and Dreams. Natale. Cartwright. 14: 319-324.

M. Crick. Dement. (1983): The function of dream sleep. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. A. Paris: Les Presses Universitaires de France. Happiness and a Good Night’s Sleep. N. Y. Schwartz. Hameroff. (1977): Philosophical Essays on Dreaming. Paris http://www. del-Río-Portilla. E. G. H. In Stuart R.) The New Science of Dreaming Vol 1: Biological Aspects. Journal of Experimental Psychology. ed. Reprinted in: Dunlop. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 53: 119-141. Ilham (1966): Professor Malcolm on dreams. 51: 337–345. (1867): Les reves et les moyens de les diriger.. Philosophical Essays on the Matrix. (1957): The relation of eye movements during sleep to dream activity: An objective method for the study of dreaming. (1911/1642): Meditations on a First Philosophy. de Saint-Denys. simulation. Schabus. Alfred W. 55: 543-553. E.Cipolli.R. M. New York: Oxford University Press..reves. Y.. Haldane and G. Translated by E. W. (1919).M. Toward a Science of Consciousness II.. eds. Praeger Publishers/Greenwood Publishing Group: 95-114. and Mitchinson.T. Dement. Journal of Experimental Psychology..T. Le Rêve.php Amyot. S. W.. M. ed. (2003): Rapid eye movement sleep dreaming is characterized by uncoupled EEG activity between frontal and perceptual cortical regions. Nature 304: 111-114. R. Dement. C. 53: 89-97. Combs. (1998): Story-like organization of dream experience in different periods of REM sleep. 5 . C. and external stimuli to dream content. (eds.. and Kleitman. In Deirdre Barrett & Patrick McNamara. C. Corsi-Cabrera. Dennett. (1960): The Effect of Dream Deprivation. and Tuozzi. M. Daniel C. and Maquet. (2007): Neuroimaging of REM Sleep and Dreaming. A. E. London: Cornell University Press: 317-346. (1976): Are dreams experiences? Philosophical Review 73: 151-71. E. Bolzani. Y. M. W. (1975): Dreaming and Conceptual Revision. W. Ithaca. URL: Descartes. body motility. Brain and Cognition. or hybrid? In Grau. R. and Wolpert. E. Dang-Vu.. Scott. Analysis 26: 129-134. (2005): The twisted matrix: Dream.. Pérez-Garci. (1958): The relation of eye movements. and Guevara. G.S... Delage.. Dement. Miró. Kaszniak & A. Curley. C. Desseilles. Ross. Villanueva. (2001): The Promise of Sleep. Allan & Krippner. The Scientific Connection between Health. Dilman.. P. C. London: Pan Books. MIT Press. T. Journal of Sleep Research 7: 13-19 Clark.. Stanley (1998): Dream sleep and waking reality: A dynamical view. Science 131: 1705-1707. C.

(1996): Finding Meaning in Dreams. M. eds. Cognitive Development. Domhoff.. Philosophia 8: 35565. M.C. L. A. (2001): A new neurocognitive theory of dreams..C. London: Cornell University Press. ed.Domhoff. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 56: 61-64. In Deirdre Barrett & Patrick McNamara. Fantini. T. On the distinction between waking and dreaming.: American Psychological Association. London: Constable & Company LTD. The Journal of Philosophy 92: 5-27.. G. W. and Yamada. C. and Paquette. New York and London: Plenum Press. H. G. (2007): REM-Related Dreams in REM Behavior Disorder. (1995): Violent sleep-related behavior leading to subdural hemorrhage. and scientific research. (1977): Philosophical Essays on Dreaming. A. E. Mind 20 (77): 6773. (1978a): Belief in dreams. 41: 288-297. W. P.E. In SelfExpressions. W. M.. Nielsen. (1911). Archives of Neurology 52(3): 318-21. Kathleen (1978): Oneiric experiences. (1978b): Dreams. (1996): Self-expression in sleep: Neuroscience and dreams. and Ferrini-Strambi. Dyken. L. G. and Personality Correlates.: The New Science of Dreaming Vol 2: Content. and Content Analysis. T. Esposito. Psychophysiology. D. Dunlop. Flanagan. Praeger Publishers/Greenwood Publishing Group: 1-28. M. J. (2003): The Scientific Study of Dreams: Neural Networks. Drewitt. (1931 [1911]): The World of Dreams. Dreaming 9: 201-210. Dunlop. (2004): Reduced Alpha power associated with the recall of mentation from Stage 2 and Stage REM sleep. M. Domhoff. (1999): Drawing theoretical implications from descriptive empirical findings on dream content. M. Dreaming 11: 13-33. Flanagan. (2000). J. W. Dunlop. T. Praeger Publishers/Greenwood Publishing Group: 185-200. Domhoff. Washington D.. Lin-Dyken. Owen J.: The New Science of Dreaming Vol 1: Biological Aspects. W. Domhoff. O. C. Philosophical Studies 34 (November): 44550. In Deirdre Barrett & Patrick McNamara.. E. Emmett. (2007): Realistic Simulation and Bizarreness in Dream Content: Past Findings and Suggestions for Future Research. J. G. Oxford: University Press. 6 . E. G. C. eds. Dreaming 10: 31-41. Recall. Dreisbach. (1995): Deconstructing Dreams: The Spandrels of Sleep. Ellis. Seaba. C. skepticism. Dreams in the history of philosophy.

D. (1990): Dreaming and consciousness. R.. Frankfurt. (1989): Control your Dreams. and Personality Correlates. In Deirdre Barrett & Patrick McNamara. J. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press Gackenbach. and Existence. 7 . and LaBerge. (1978): A Personality and Cognitive Style Analysis of Lucid Dreaming. G. N.. Psychopathology 22: 182-187.: The New Science of Dreaming Vol 2: Content. European Journal of Cognitive Psychology 2:39-55. New York: Harper & Row Publishers.. (2000): Dreaming Souls. (1996): Dream Research: 1953-1993. Foulkes. Imagination. The History of Sexuality. 12: 30-36. (1993): Children’s dreaming. A. (1999): Children’s Dreaming and the Development of Consciousness. Praeger Publishers/Greenwood Publishing Group: 49-78. The Defense of Reason in Descartes’s Meditations.: Conscious Mind. Fosse. Sleep 19. (2008 [1970]): Demons. 609-624. Perspectives on Lucid Dreaming. Frank.: Dreaming as Cognition.. Gackenbach. R. Hobson. In: Cavallero. J. Atlantic Highlands. In: Gackenbach. Binswanger. Recall. D. C. Sleep. Foucault. R. Dissertation Abstracts International. J. M. Gackenbach. (2003): Dreaming and Episodic Memory: A Functional Dissociation? Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 15: 1-9. Foulkes. (2000 [1899]): The Interpretation of Dreams. and Domhoff.. B. Freud. Dream and Existence. Fosse. D. and Stickgold. 39.J. and the Evolution of the Conscious Mind. A. Dreams. and Hobson. D. J.. J. Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press. J. and Lorenzoni.. S. Stickgold. and Bosveld. J. Fosse. Sleeping Brain. eds. O. New York: Harvester Wheatsheaf: 114-132. J. D. Foulkes. 3487B. eds.. E. University Microfilms No. (1988): The Psychological Content of Lucid Dreams versus Nonlucid Dreams. ed. R. Foulkes. (1989): Experiences of phantom limb sensations in dreams. New York: Vintage Books. (2001): Brain-Mind States: Reciprocal Variations in Thoughts and Hallucinations. (1986b): The Care of the Self. Foucault. H. eds.Flanagan. (Philosophy of Mind Series) Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press. MA and London: Harvard University Press. Cambridge. R.. Fosse. and Foulkes. J. (1986a): Dream. M. G. New York and London: Plenum Press: 181-219. (2007): Dreaming as Non-Executive Orienting: A Conceptual Framework for Consciousness during Sleep. M.: Humanities Press Intl Inc. and Madmen. Psychological Science.. 79-01560.W. In L. Dreamers. S.

Zadra. and Nielsen. Behavioral Sleep Medicine 1: 140-154.05. (2001): EEG power associated with early sleep onset images differing in sensory content. Gillespie. P. Gillespie. Praeger Publishers/Greenwood Publishing Group: 1-52. T. Nielsen. Gottesmann. T. J. A. and Sleep Parameters in Nightmare Patients. J. (1997): Hypnopompic Imagery and Visual Dream Experience. D... and LaBerge. R. Gackenbach. A.: Trauma and Dreams. (1988b): Without a Guru. Garfield. Germain. eds. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23: 940-941. Gillespie. Tenth Anniversary Issue of Lucidity Letter. MA and London: Harvard University Press: 186-211. G. Garfield. Gillespie. pp.Gackenbach. J. T. Barrett. G. A. ed. New York: Simon & Schuster. 8 . (1975): Psychological concomitants of the lucid dream state. A. (1995 [1974]): Creative Dreaming. A. (1991): Problems related to experimentation while dreaming lucidly. C. (2003a): Impact of Imagery Rehearsal Treatment on Distressing Dreams. and Nielsen. A. (2000): The prevalence of typical dream themes challenges the specificity of the threat simulation theory. (1988a): Lucid Dreams in Tibetan Buddhism.. A. In Deirdre Barrett & Patrick McNamara. 4: 83-90. G. New York and London: Plenum Press. Perspectives on Lucid Dreaming. P. Sleeping Brain: Perspectives on Lucid Dreaming. S. New York and London: Plenum Press: 343-350. Sleep Research Online.: The New Science of Dreaming Vol 1: Biological Aspects. Sleeping Brain. Psychological Distress.sawka.htm. Perspectives on Lucid Dreaming. (1983): Presleep determinants and postsleep results of lucid versus vivid dreams. G.. An Account of My Lucid Dreaming. 27-35. Dreaming 7: 187194. In: Gackenbach. (2001): Dreams in Bereavement. Sleeping Brain.2005)..... (2003b): Sleep Pathophysiology in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Idiopathic Nightmare Sufferers. J. Online: http://www. G. Cambridge.. Germain. (2007): A Neurobiological History of Dreaming. Garfield. Curren. J. and LaBerge. Sleep Research 4: 183. Germain. and Nielsen. S.htm (15. A. A.: Conscious Mind. P. eds.. and Montplaisir. URL: http://www. Germain. In: Gackenbach..asdreams. and LaBerge.: Conscious Mind. T. and Cutler. New York and London: Plenum Press. Biological Psychiatry 54: (1988): Conscious Mind. Lucidity Letter 2: 55. S.

: Conscious Mind. and consciousness. Miyagi. American Anthropologist 60: 1173-1179. Americans. D.: The New Science of Dreaming Vol 3: Cultural and Theoretical Perspectives. M. Hartmann.M. S. E. Reynolds. Historical Ontology.. (1992): Prolucid dreaming. Gillin. Hearne. J. D. Hall. Use in Nightmares and Sleep-Wake Confusion. Mind 25 (98): 193-205. Perceptual and Motor Skills. Cambridge Mass. C. (1981): Do we dream during sleep? Evidence for the Goblot hypothesis. 9 . Halliday. C. Joshua C. and McCreery. Brain Research. Sleeping Brain. (1968): Lucid Dreams. Wu. Hacking. R.: Trauma and Dreams. The New Theory on the Origin and Meaning of Dreams. Hetherington.. eds.. J. Hall. Journal of Mental Imagery 16: 119-123. idea.. J. R. (2001): Who Develops PTSD and Who Doesn’t. and dream. eds. G. Praeger Publishers/Greenwood Publishing Group: 171-192. and Tago. Hartmann. and Van de Castle. (1988): Lucid Dreaming. ed. Philosophical Investigations 21 (4): 338-344. (1966): The Content Analysis of Dreams. (2002): Dreams in Place. and LaBerge. Robert E. Hering. C. lucid dreams. Journal of Mind and Behavior 7:131-159. Green. The Paradox of Consciousness During Sleep. Gackenbach. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 32: 83-102. Barrett.. O. 53: 239-246. M.. L. conceptual. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 8: 188-205. E. (1994): Lucid Dreaming. Jean (1947): Concerning image. (1998). C. C.: Harvard University Press. (2007): The Nature and Functions of Dreaming. In Deirdre Barrett & Patrick McNamara. S. and Herrera. (1958): Universality of typical dreams: Japanese vs. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts. K. Haskell. Hartmann.. Griffith. Cambridge: Perseus Books. E. A. (1916): Dreams as psychical explosions. Hanfling. London: Routledge. Green. C. Oxford: Institute of Psychophysical Research. Perspectives on Lucid Dreaming.Gottschalk. Gregory.. (1998): Dreams and Nightmares. (1991): Anxiety levels in dreams: relation to localized cerebral glucose metabolic rate. The reality of dreams. MA and London: Harvard University Press: 100-113. 538: 107-110.. (2002): Fallibilism and Knowing that one is not Dreaming. and epistemological considerations. Cambridge. (1986): Cognitive psychology and dream research: Historical. Buchsbaum. New York and London: Plenum Press: 305-307. O. I.

Praeger Publishers/Greenwood Publishing Group: 85-95. Hobson.. Hobson. Washington: American Psychological Association: 25-39.. (1999): Dreaming as Delirium – How the Brain goes out of its Mind. and Seeman. Mahwah. sleeping.A. Originally published in 1994 as The Chemistry of Conscious States: How the Brain changes its Mind. Scott.Hill. J. Hillyer.W. A. In Deirdre Barrett & Patrick McNamara. eds. and Modulation: A Neurocognitive Model of the State of the Brain-Mind. An Introduction to the Science of Sleep. In: Bootzin. Hobson.. W. (1993): Are the Effects of Dream Interpretation on Session Quality. Hobson.E. In Stuart R.. 10 . (1998): The conscious state paradigm: A neuropsychological analysis of waking. Kihlstrom. American Journal of Psychiatry. Consciousness and Cognition 11 (3): 377-390. and Emotions Due to the Dream Itself. G. Hobson.: Sleep and Cognition. A. and McCarley.: Toward a Science of Consciousness II. Hobson. J. P. R. Scientific Approaches to Consciousness. J. eds. Diemer. Kaszniak & A..D. C. (1977): The Brain as a Dream-State Generator: An Activation-Synthesis Hypothesis of the Dream Process. A. C. and Güzeldere. J. eds. New York: Basic Books. E.A. J. D. eds. C. Hill. Hameroff. and Personality Correlates. Praeger Publishers/Greenwood Publishing Group: 71-84. A. eds. J.. MIT Press. Cambridge. NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.. Hobson. and Schacter. (1988): The Dreaming Brain..A.: The New Science of Dreaming Vol 1: Biological Aspects. S. In Deirdre Barrett & Patrick McNamara. Cambridge MA: MIT Press. (2002a): Dreaming. R. (2007b): Drugs and Dreams. (1997): The Nature of Consciousness: Philosophical Debates. Recall. (1997): Consciousness as a state-dependent phenomenon. N. Flanagan. to Projection. J. A. (2002b): Sleep and dream suppression following a lateral medullary infarct: A first-person account. Hobson. In: Cohen. In Deirdre Barrett & Patrick McNamara. R. A. and dreaming. Insight.: The New Science of Dreaming Vol 2: Content.: The New Science of Dreaming Vol 1: Biological Aspects. Input Source. or to the Interpretation Process? Dreaming 3: 269-280. O. New York: Oxford University Press. and Schooler. (2007): Dreams and Psychotherapy. J. R.. J. Hobson. eds. J. Brown. MA: MIT Press... J. and Spangler. (2007a): Current Understanding of Cellular Models of REM Expression. eds. Oxford. 134: 1335-1348.. (1990): Activation. Hess. J. Boston: Little. J. Alfred W. A. Hobson. Praeger Publishers/Greenwood Publishing Group: 159-186.. Reprinted in Block. A.

904-1018. A. J. J. F. E. Hunt. (1989): The Multiplicity of Dreams. Philosophical Quarterly. Nature Reviews Neuroscience 3: 679-93. (1991): Sleep.. Gazzaniga. (online): Dreaming and imagination. Hobson. Sleep Disorders and Mental Disorders.. Cambridge.jollyutter. A. J. and dreaming.pdf Ichikawa. Hoffman. Hobson. New York and London: Plenum Press: 389-417. H. http://philosophy. (1969): Nelson on dreaming a H. and Consciousness. Michael P. J. (1995): The conscious state paradigm: A neurocognitive approach to waking. C. Hobson.. consciousness and learning. (2000b): Dreaming and the brain: Toward a cognitive neuroscience of conscious states. (2002): The cognitive neuroscience of sleep: Neuronal systems. MA: MIT Press. & Carter. and LaBerge. Hum. 6: 157 164. F. and Ogilvie. T. T.pdf Idzikowski. R. (1983): The difference between dreaming and being awake. In: Gackenbach. P. In M. A. R.. and Stickgold. R. Hodges. A. E. Phenomenological and Psychophysiological Findings in Relation to Meditative States. Ichikawa. R. A. Allan & Strickgold. Parma: Mattioli 1885. H. Perspectives on Lucid Dreaming. F.Hobson.. D. and Pace-Schott. and Cowen.. M. sleeping. Hobson. S. Hobson. Gazzaniga.. Mind 92: 80-93. 1083-1121.. S. Kostner. Imagination. Mind 80: 70-92. (1988): Lucid Dreams in Their Natural Series. J... Hunt. Hunter. Pace-Schott. (1971): Some questions about dreaming. J. Hobson. Sleep and Mental Disorder. (2000a): Consciousness: Its vicissitudes in waking and sleep. F. Nature Reviews 3: 679-693. A. Philosophical Studies 20: 43-46. J. Sleeping Brain. J. S. C. Neurobiol. A. and Wohl. J. consciousness and learning. Hampshire: Wrightson Biomedical Publishing LTD: 229-238.: The Cognitive Neurosciences. Art and the New Science of Dreaming.jollyutter. E. In M. Petersfield. New Haven and London: Yale University Press. In: Idzikowski. Cambridge.J. (2002): The cognitive neuroscience of sleep: neuronal systems. (1987): Dream bizarreness and the activation-synthesis hypothesis. Helfand.: Serotonin. Hunter. http://philosophy. eds. E. J. and Stickgold.: The Cognitive Neurosciences. R. William R. D. (2005): From Angels to Neurones. ed. ed. Behavioral And Brain Sciences 23 (6):793-842. MA: MIT Press. 11 .. J. (forthcoming): Skepticism and the imagination model of dreaming. J. S.: Conscious Mind. and Pace-Schott. eds.. Pace-Schott. F. M. F.

and Hobson. A. Vol. eds. S. Kahn. Lippincott-Raven. E. Nonlinear Dynamics. (1994): Lucid dreaming as metacognition: Implications for cognitive science. Descarries. Dreaming 3: 151-178. B. L. Johnstone Jr. Combs. and Psychological Dimensions of Dreaming. D. Consciousness and Cognition. In H.. Consciousness and Cognition. D. (1960): Effets des lésions de la formation réticulaire pontique sur le sommeil du chat. eds.: Conscious Mind. T. Recognition. Kahn. In: Gackenbach. and Mounier. and Reflection while Dreaming. (2005): State-dependent thinking: A comparison of waking and dreaming and thought. [Influence of pontine reticular formation lesions on sleep of cats] Comptes Rendus des Séances de la Société de Biologie et de ses Filiales 154: 23012305. (1999): The Paradox of Sleep: The Story of Dreaming. 12 . and Hobson. (2007): Metacognition. D. D. (1988): Out-of-the-Body Experiences and Dream Lucidity. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 34: 73-81. J. G. Palgrave. Jouvet. H. Castellucci & S. Jung. New York and London: Plenum Press: 353371.Irwin.: The New Science of Dreaming Vol 1: Biological Aspects. Cambridge and London: MIT Press. Kahn.. (1973): Toward a philosophy of sleep. 14: 429-438.. Perspectives on Lucid Dreaming. eds. Empirical perspectives. (2001): Consciousness in dreaming: A metacognitive approach. 3: 246-64.: Dreams: A Reader on Religious. Henry W. Psychology. A. D. Cultural. Sleeping Brain. (1998): The neural basis of consciousness across the sleep-waking cycle. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul. (1916): The Structure and Dynamics of the Psyche. Tracey L..L. and Hobson. Rossignol. Jasper. Translated by Laurence Garey. Jouvet. Kahn. Kahn. J. D. V. Jones. C. Praeger Publishers/Greenwood Publishing Group: 245-267. S. M. J. and Krippner. and LaBerge. J. (1993): Self-Organization Theory of Dreaming. S.: Consciousness: At the Frontiers of Neuroscience. J. ed. 8 of the Collected Works. A. and LaBerge. Kahan. M. (2002): Dreaming as a function of chaos-like stochastic processes in the self-organizing brain. In Kelly Bulkeley. Kahan... In Deirdre Barrett & Patrick McNamara. A. Journal of Consciousness Studies 10 (3):57-68. (2003): State dependence of character perception: Implausibility differences in dreaming and waking consciousness.

A. R. A. D. and perception. Dreaming 10: 125-137. (2000): The Dream as Text. Mind 71: 81-86. Psychological Bulletin 54: 354359. and Hobson.. R. and Hobson.. (2000): Dreaming and waking consciousness: a character recognition study. Keelin (1995): Adventures with the NovaDreamer.. R. MA and London: Harvard University Press: 57-67. N. Allan (2000): Dreaming and the self-organizing brain. Journal of General Psychology 37:15-24. Pace-Schott. D. D. 13 .. URL: http://www. In: NightLight 7. Kihlstrom. wakefulness. Dreaming 16 (3): 196214.. Kahn.KeelinNova. E. (1957): Sleep. Kerr. and Schacter. Kleitman.. Kahn. and consciousness. (1990): Nightmares (Dream Disturbances) in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: Implications for a Theory of Dreaming. Stanley and Combs. ed. N. J. P. Kilroe. and Wolman. Consciousness and Cognition 11: 34-50. eds. and Hobson. In: Barrett.. Renaissance Quarterly 49. Washington: American Psychological Association: 190202. Krippner. R. M.. (1993): Mental Imagery. (2002): Emotion and Cognition: Feeling and Character Identification in Dreaming. H. Keller. H. C. J. New York: Review Books. Bootzin.. and Sheehan. E.: Trauma and Dreams. J. Journal of Consciousness Studies 7: 4-11. C. D.: Dreaming as Cognition. dreams. J. F.and Life Sciences 6: 311-322. D. J. eds. E.lucidity. D.. Cambridge. Journal of Sleep Research 9: 317-325.. M. (1947): Dream and the problem of consciousness.H. (1997): Consciousness in Waking and Dreaming: The Roles of Neuronal Oscillation and Neuromodulation in Determining Similarities and Differences. 1: 30-76. Stickgold. Pace-Schott. M. New York: Harvester Wheatsheaf: 18-37. (2003 [1908]): The World I Live In. Kahn. Kramer. (2006): Self-awareness in dreaming. Keefer... F. In: Cavallero. A.html (08. Kramer. N. Neuroscience 78: 13-38. the Dream as Narrative. (1962): Malcolm on dreaming. King. Kozmová. D. (2001 [1996]): The Use of Dreams with Incest Survivors. (1996): The Dreamer’s Path: Descartes and the Sixteenth Century. Pace-Schott. and Foulkes. Edited and with an Introduction by Roger Shattuck.: Sleep and Cognition. F..2005). J. M.06.. King. Kahn.

T. S. S. E. 1966B. (1980c): Lucid Dreaming: An Exploratory Study of Consciousness during Sleep. S.. (1988a): Lucid Dreaming in Western Literature. (1980b): Lucid dreaming as a learnable skill: A case study. (2007): “Symbolic” Images in Dreams and Daydreams. A. Praeger Publishers/Greenwood Publishing Group: 285-306. (1996): Individual Differences in Orienting Activity Mediate Feeling Realization in Dreams: II. J. A. Praeger Publishers/Greenwood Publishing Group: 155-170. (1990): Lucid dreaming: Psychophysiological studies of consciousness during REM sleep. LaBerge. Dissertation Abstracts International 41.. 80-24691. LaBerge. G. (1980a): Induction of lucid dreams. and Schacter.: Sleep and Cognition. and Personality Correlates. and LaBerge. Sleeping Brain. Kuiken. MIT Press. J. D..: The New Science of Dreaming Vol 3: Cultural and Theoretical Perspectives. (1998): Dreaming and consciousness. In Bootzin. Perspectives on Lucid Dreaming. University Microfilms No. S. Evidence from Concurrent Reports of Movement Inhibition. In Stuart R. Washington: American Psychological Association. C.: Conscious Mind. R. and Nielsen. Krippner. eds. Perceptual and Motor Skills 51: 1039-41.L. eds. Kihlstrom. Perspectives on Lucid Dreaming.: Conscious Mind. and Combs. S. In: Gackenbach. In: Gackenbach. and Gendlin. Alfred W. LaBerge.: Toward a Science of Consciousness II. New York and London: Plenum Press: 135-153.. Recall. S... (1985): Lucid Dreaming. T. S. (2007): Anomalous Experiences and Dreams. eds. (1996): Individual Differences in Orienting Activity Mediate Feeling Realization in Dreams: I. R. eds. S. S.. LaBerge.. Sleeping Brain. Busink.. Evidence from Retrospective Reports of Movement Inhibition. Dukewich. eds. S. S. J. Kaszniak & A.. Kuiken.Krippner. (2000): Self-organization in the dreaming Brain. LaBerge. T. In Deirdre Barrett & Patrick McNamara. and LaBerge. In Deirdre Barrett & Patrick McNamara.: The New Science of Dreaming Vol 2: Content.. LaBerge.. eds. Sleep Research 9: 138. Dreaming 6: 251-264. Scott. Kunzendorf. New York: Ballantine Books. Hameroff. Foreword by Robert Ornstein. LaBerge. D. Dreaming 6: 201-217. (1988b): The Psychophysiology of Lucid Dreaming. LaBerge. D. Journal of Mind and Behavior 21: 399-412. 14 . New York and London: Plenum Press: 11-26. R. S.

. In Deirdre Barrett & Patrick McNamara. L. Taylor. S. (1995): Validity Established of DreamLight Cues for Eliciting Lucid Dreaming. MA and London: Harvard University Press: 114-124.. H. W. S. Cambridge. P.2005). (2007): Lucid Dreaming. Lavie. B. W. and DeGracia. LaBerge. (1977): Philosophical Essays on Dreaming. S.. Lynn. H. Barrett..lucidity. (1892): Contribution to the psychology of visual dreams. Perceptual and Motor Skills 52: 727732.lucidity. Phillips. S.. C. Levitan. LaBerge. NightLight 6. LaBerge. (1981a): Lucid dreaming verified by volitional communication during REM sleep.. (2001): Sleep.. C. M. and Wallace. Nagel.. S. and Levitan.. and Rheingold. E. LaBerge. Dreaming.. LaBerge.. G.RU. LaBerge. (1986): Lucid dreaming: Physiological correlates of consciousness during Rem sleep. Ladd. Journal of Mind and Behavior 7: 251-258. V. (2000): Lucid dreaming. (2000): Varieties of lucid dreaming. and Gackenbach. S. L. V. 159-168. eds. New York: Ballantine. S. eds. S. Sleep Research 10: 149.. and Zarcone. C. D.: The New Science of Dreaming Vol 2: Content. Dement. Dreaming 5. Ithaca. S. (2000): Lucid dreaming: Evidence that REM sleep can support unimpaired cognitive function and a methodology for studying the psychophysiology of dreaming. LaBerge. S. S.: Individual differences in conscious experience. and Zarcone. (1994): An hour of wakefulness before morning naps makes lucidity more likely. Philosophical Studies 15: 1723) Reprinted in: Dunlop.LaBerge. London: Cornell University Press: 309-316. and Personality Correlates. Nagel. In Kunzendorf.Naps. L. Online: http://www. ed. (1990): Exploring the World of Lucid Dreaming.04.J. W... In Cardeña. (20. S... and Krippner. 15 . URL: http://www. L. LaBerge. Dement. Washington.. T.. E.. Praeger Publishers/Greenwood Publishing Group: 285-328. & Dement. D. and Kaminer.C. L. J. American Psychological Association. (1964): Dreams: Two Types of Explanations. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. R.J. and Coping Style in Holocaust Survivors. Mind 1: 299-304.html. G. D.. and Levitan. Landesman.: Trauma and Dreams. Recall. L.: Varieties of anomalous experience: Examining the scientific evidence. pp. (1981b): Psychophysiological correlates of the initiation of lucid dreaming. ed.. W.

J. In: NightLight 5..2005).04.html (20.Levin..L. Online: http://www. E.2005). Neuroscience 44: 521-35. (1993): Coherent 40 Hz oscillation characterizes dream state in humans. A. Mind 71: 364-371.lucidity.. (1999): Dissociated states of wakefulness and sleep. I.OBEandLD. In Deirdre Barrett & Patrick McNamara. W. Mind 72: 202-215 In: Dunlop. C. URL: http://www. Levitan. (1962): Illusions and dreams. (1991): Of dreaming and wakefulness. and Ribary. (1994): A fool’s guide to lucid dreaming. Mahowald. L. (2004): Commentary on “Sleep and dream suppression following a lateral medullary infarct: A first person account” by J. Lortie-Lussier. eds. U. The New Science of Dreaming Vol 3: Cultural and Theoretical Perspectives. Llinás. M. In: Koch. 90: 2078-2081. (1977): Philosophical Essays on Dreaming. D. and Paré. and Schenck. M. L. Llinás. (1994): Sleep and Dreaming Characteristics of Frequent Nightmare Subjects in a University Population.. (1953): Sleeping and Waking. Dreaming 4: 127-137. and LaBerge. NightLight 3. Large-Scale Neuronal Theories of the Brain.sawka.. Levitan.html. A. London: Cornell University Press: 64-80. (1993): Testing the Limits of Dream Control: The Light and Mirror Experiment. R.R. S. Consciousness and Cognition 13: 134-137. MA: MIT Press. eds. and Ribary. (1994): Perception as an oneiric-like state modulated by the senses.06. Cambridge. Lloyd. M. Praeger Publishers/Greenwood Publishing Group: 249-276.. C. R.LightandMirror. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science USA.lucidity. L. R. R. Online: http://www.W. NightLight 6. (1991): Other worlds: out-of-body experiences and lucid In: Tenth Anniversary Issue of Lucidity Letter. Macdonald. L. ed. C. U. (1991): Awake in the Dark: Imageless Lucid Dreaming.lucidity. T. In Deirdre Barrett & Patrick McNamara.: The New Science of Dreaming Vol 3: Cultural and Theoretical Perspectives. S.htm (15. Praeger Publishers/Greenwood Publishing Group: 35-70. R. Levitan. (2007): Dreams and Ethnography.R. and LaBerge. M. Ithaca.FoolsGuide. Allan Hobson.R. Magallón.. and Davis. (2000): The Consistency and Continuity Hypotheses Revisited through the Dreams of Women at Two Periods of their Lives. L. Dreaming 10: 67-76... In 16 . Linsky. Mahowald. (2007) Evolution and the Interpretation of (REM Sleep) Dreams. URL: http://www.html. Llinás.

(1956): Dreaming and Skepticism. (1989): Dream bizarreness as the cognitive correlate of altered neuronal behavior in REM sleep. Norman (1959b): Stern's dreaming. Ruby. Perspectives on Lucid Dreaming. P. N. F. Mölle. A. and Franck. Mamelak. R.. K. A Program for Inner Growth. Malamud. New York and London: Plenum Press. Maudoux. 24: 9985-9992.. Science 309 (5744): 2228-2232.. H. Norman (1957): Dreaming and scepticism: A rejoinder.A. Handbook of Behavioral State Control: Molecular and Cellular Mechanisms. Perrin. F. L. 17 . P. and Laureys. 383: 163-166. Malcolm. M. M. Maquet. and Born.: Conscious Mind. Desseiles. Ch. R... eds. G. In S. A. M.A. (2006): Boosting slow oscillation during sleep potentiates memory.. (2005): Human cognition during REM sleep and the activity profile within frontal and parietal cortices: a reappraisal of functional neuroimaging data. Malcolm... Helgadóttir. Journal of Sleep Research. J. Lydic and H. Nature 444: 610-613. P. and LaBerge.. Boca Raton. Analysis 20: 47. Sleeping Brain. New York: Humanities Press. Laurey. Vol. (1975): Dreaming an impossible dream. Malcolm. In: Gackenbach. and Phillips. Journal of Sleep Research 9: 207-231. S. S. G. S. (1988): Learning to Become Fully Lucid. C.. Dang-Vu.R.. J. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 1: 201-22.. M.. Huber. Maquet. J. J. Sterpenich.: 309-319. (1959a): Dreaming. Mannison... (2000): Functional neuroimaging of normal human sleep by positron emission tomography. M. Baghdoyan. (1998): Functional brain imaging of human sleep.. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 35: 207-211. 150: 219-227. Massimini. V. Maquet. M.. Hallschmidt. Peters. J. and Esser. and Hobson. Aerts.. and Born. Donald S. Luxen. (2005):Breakdown of Cortical Effective Connectivity During Sleep. Marshall. Ferrarelli. Albouy.N. Boly. (2004): Transcranial direct current stimulation during sleep improves declarative memory. P. Maquet. P. Nature. N. (1996): Functional neuroanatomy of human rapid-eye-movement sleep and dreaming. T. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 4 (June): 663-75. Peigneux. Degueldre. Delfiore. L. Mölle. London: CRC Press. Marshall.: Progress in Brain Research. P. A. 7: 42-47. J. Malcolm. Journal of Neuroscience.. eds.. G. The Philosophical Review 65: 14-37. ed. S..-M.. J..

London and New York: Routledge. P. The unique state of consciousness between wakefulness and sleep..: The New Science of Dreaming Vol 1: Biological Aspects.. Cambridge and London: Harvard University Press. R. McGinn.. Andresen. Capellini.G. D. Dream.. McNamara.. Paris: Didier. Barton. (2007): The New Science of Dreaming.. Praeger Publishers/Greenwood Publishing Group: 201-220. Praeger Publishers/Greenwood Publishing Group: 53-70. B. E. Mavromatis. Grau.. C.: Philosophical Essays on the Matrix... Dreaming 10: 237-246. Riedner. Kowalczyk. eds. ed..: The New Science of Dreaming Vol 1: Biological Aspects. Nunn. and Kookoolis. Harris. Meaning. (2005): The matrix of dreams. A. (1981): REM sleep dreams and the activation-synthesis hypothesis. (2000): Counterfactual thought in dreams. Ferrarelli. G. (2002): Counterfactual Cognitive Operations in Dreams. (1987): Hypnagogia. D. In Deirdre Barrett & Patrick McNamara. F.: The New Science of Dreaming Vol 3: Cultural and Theoretical Perspectives. Maury A.. eds. (1861): Le sommeil et les rêves. and Tononi.A. E. Westport CT: Greenwood Press. M. M. (2007): Triggering sleep slow waves by transcranial magnetic stimulation. E. (1993): Speech and thinking in dreams. (2007): Costly Signaling Theory of Dream Recall and Dream Sharing. Études psychologiques sur ces phénomènes et les divers états qui s'y rattachent suivies de recherches sur le dévelopement de l'instinct et de l'intelligence dans leurs rapports avec le phénomène du sommeil. D. I. Esser. C. Matthews. C. P.K. P. In Deirdre Barrett & Patrick McNamara. Harris. eds. McGinn. Murphey. J.. W. R. McCarley.. (2007): Phylogeny of Sleep and Dreams.. McLaren. New York: Oxford University Press New York. McNamara. Praeger Publishers/Greenwood Publishing Group: 117-132. S. In: Cavallero. C. P. Dreaming 12: 121-133.Massimini. Arrowood. Huber. McNamara. New York: Harvester Wheatsheaf: 58-76. and Foulkes. 18 . P. B. Philosophy 56: 47-64.F. Meier. J. McNamara. A. P. M. (1981): On being immoral in a dream.: Dreaming as Cognition... and Pace-Schott. Gareth B.. In Deirdre Barrett & Patrick McNamara. PNAS 104 (2): 8496-8501. S. McNamara. Image. (2007): “Theory of Mind” in REM and NREM Dreams. McNamara. eds. American Journal of Psychiatry 138(7): 907-912. Peterson.. and Hoffman. In C. J. eds. and Barrett. R... and Messer. E. (2004): Mindsight.

B...Mendelson. Problems of Consciousness: Transactions of the Third Conference. A. P. D. Muzur. MA and London: Harvard University Press: 9-24.. eds.: Trauma and Dreams.. M.B. Pace-Schott.. E.: Conscious Mind. R.. and Geertzen. Journal of Psychopharmacology 6: 399-409. and LaBerge. Sleeping Brain. Sleep and Mental Disorder: 277-288. Operating in the Dark. T. (2000): Awareness of time during sleep. and Wirth. J. W. J. K. (1952): Experimental work on sleep and other variations of consciousness. Mulder. M. J. (2002): The prefrontal cortex in sleep. Cognition and Personality. 38: 569-577. Barrett.. R. J. Pigeau. Sleep and Affective Disorder. Consciousness and Cognition.. & Jones. In H. W. eds. 19 . ed. New York and London: Plenum Press. and Cowen. (1988): Dream Psychology. & Breitenstein. Pace-Schott.Purcell. (1992): A Self-Observational Study of Spontaneous Hypnagogic Imagery Using the Upright Napping Procedure.. Heft I. J. (2001 [1996]): Children’s Traumatic Dreams. R. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology. J. Monnier. G. Imagination. 6: 475-481. Metzinger. Trends in Cognitive Sciences. Hochstenbach. Nielsen. J. F. Merritt.. A..: 429-439... Consciousness and Cognition 3: 46-60. Moiseeva. J. and Wells.. Cambridge. A. (1992): Sleep and general anaesthesia as altered states of consciousness. 11: 353-366. A. Josiah Macy Foundation. Meumann.H.. (in press): Born to adapt. (2003): Being No One. Leipzig: Verlag Wilhelm Engelsmann. A. Stickgold. P.. (1991): Neurotransmitters. S. London: MIT.. (1907): Über Organempfindungsträume und eine merkwürdige Traumerinnerung. R.. S.. J. Mullington. Hoffmann. The Self-Model Theory of Subjectivity.m Dijkstra. but not in your dreams. Abramson. E. Moorcroft. T. A. W. Munglani. ed. Nader. E. In Gackenbach. Annals of Medicine 32 (4): 236-238. C. Perspectives on Lucid Dreaming. and Hobson.: Serotonin. T. Moffitt. Williams. E.J.. (1994): Emotion Profiles in the Dreams of Men and Women. In: Idzikowski. R. (1975): The characteristics of EEG activity and the subjective estimation of time during dreams of different structure. Cambridge. and Hobson. Archiv für die gesamte Psychologie IX. J. A. In Meumann. eds..

T. Nielsen. Brain and Cognition. 23: 851-866. A. and Emotion Regulation: A Review. Brain Research 770. 8: 47-58. Nielsen.. Sleep Medicine Reviews 8: 403-424.. M... Nielsen. A.. Sleep 16: 490-498. Nielsen. (2000b): Covert REM sleep effects on REM mentation: Further methodological considerations and supporting evidence. T... Zadra. (2000): Development of Disturbing Dreams During Adolescence and Their Relation to Anxiety Symptoms. (2003). D. D.. A. D.. V. and Kuiken. T.B. T. P..A. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23: 978-979. F. A. J. and Ouellet. Dreaming 1: 287-300. Nielsen. Simard. 13: 211-235. Mintun. (1999): Variations in EEG coherence as an index of the affective content of dreams from REM sleep: relationships with face imagery. and McGregor. Behavioral and Brain Sciences. Kuiken. Paquet. 23: 10401057. and Germain. C. J. (2004): Chronobiological features of dream production. and Germain. Ilnicki. and Moore. Sleep 12: 277286. D.. Sleep 23: 1-10. (1989): Effects of Dream Reflection on Waking Affect: Awareness of Feeling. (1998). and Personality Correlates. Nielsen. A. M. L. and Lara-Carrasco. A. T. 1-2: 192201. A.. and Chénier. A. (1991): Emotions in dream and waking event reports. McGregor. T. Nielsen.. Nielsen.. In Deirdre Barrett & Patrick McNamara. Saucier. Rorschach Movement. eds. The Typical Dreams of Canadian University Students. Publication Patterns in Dream Research: Trends in the Medical and Psychological Literatures. Nielsen. Wiseman. Nofzinger. J. L. J. Nielsen. 20 . Zadra. Kupfer. E.A. A. Dreaming.. L. R. Stenstrom. T. A. A. and Montplaisir. Tremblay. and Facial EMG. Nielsen.Nielsen. A. D. 41: 200-212. A. D.. R.: The New Science of Dreaming Vol 2: Content. T. V. L. (2007): Nightmares. Recall.. G. and Baylor. Praeger Publishers/Greenwood Publishing Group: 253-284. Vitaro. E.. Dreaming. D. S. Smith. A.. T.. T. (2000a): A review of mentation in REM and NREM sleep: “Covert” REM sleep as a possible reconciliation of two opposing models. Behavioral and Brain Sciences. (1993): Pain in Dreams. T. (2000): Post-Traumatic nightmares as a dysfunctional state.. Dreaming. Y. T. (1997): Forebrain activation in REM sleep: an FDG PET study. Deslaurier.. Laberge. A.

and Small. A. J. O'Shaughnessy. J. (in press): On the importance of 19th century dream research: Progress in dream research between Aristotle’s work on dreaming and the discovery of REM sleep. E. H.. Stickgold. F. D.. R. and Nielsen. (1977): Philosophical Essays on Dreaming. B. F. Mind 70: 145-163. Ithaca. B. T. V. E. (submitted): Serial awakenings from NREM Stage 3 Sleep as a paradigm for contrasting dreaming with dreamless sleep. Conscious and pre-conscious processes as seen from the standpoint of sleep-waking cycle neurophysiology. H. Sleep Medicine 4: 235-241. R. (2001): SSRI Treatment suppresses dream recall frequency but increases subjective dream intensity in normal individuals.A. Praeger Publishers/Greenwood Publishing Group: 115-154. (1995). E. R. Silvestri. Tenth Anniversary Issue of Lucidity Letter. Boeve.06.sawka. J. B. Pagel. Nature Reviews Neuroscience 3. Journal of Sleep Research 10: 129-142 Pagel. eds. M. J. Dreaming. An Empirical Evaluation. 11: 195-202. Blagrove.. (2007): The Frontal Lobes and Dreaming.. C. 21 . S. F. In Deirdre Barrett & Patrick McNamara. clinical and laboratory findings in 93 cases... Inquiry 45 (4): 399-432. V. Neuropsychologia 33: 1155-1168.. and White. (1961): Dreaming. Pace-Schott. Reprinted in: Dunlop. Perspectives on Lucid Dreaming. R. Price. Paré.. A. New York and London: Plenum Press: 105-134. (2003): Non-dreamers. (2001): Definitions of Dream: A Paradigm for Comparing Field Descriptive Specific Studies of Dream. Powell.. Sleep Medicine. and Silber. eds. J. D.. B. Gersh. (1988): Lucid Dream Induction.. ed. K. Valli. and Hobson. Pace-Schott. C. Levin. Memories. Vieira. M. Noreika. (2000): Rapid eye movement sleep behaviour disorder: demographic...: The New Science of Dreaming Vol 1: Biological Aspects. M. and Revonsuo. Stickgold. States. M. (1998): Was Anna O’s Black Snake Hallucination a Sleep Paralysis Nightmare? Dreams. R.. URL: http://www. R. 591-605.. Salzman. F. Brian (2002). Pears. & Llinas. E.. (1991): EEG Activity During Lucid Dreaming.. cellular physiology and subcortical networks. and Trauma. P. Pace-Schott.: Conscious Mind. (2002): The Neurobiology of Sleep: Genetics. J. and LaBerge. F. A. Sleeping Brain. J. T.. Ogilvie.htm (15. and Windt. K.F. and Hobson. J. Olson. F.Noreika. Brain 123: 331339. In: Gackenbach. E. D. S. London: Cornell University Press: 205226. and Cohen. Dreaming. R. Lahtela. Psychiatry 61: 239-248.2004).. F. R.

Reprinted in: Putnam.. ed. (1999): The Relationship of Dream Content and Changes in Daytime Mood in Traumatized vs. R. A.Punamäki. F. (2007): Trauma and Dreaming: Trauma Impact on Dream Recall. Sleep. Revonsuo. Dreaming 9: 213-133. (1962): Dreaming and ‘depth grammar. (2006): Inner Presence. Praeger Publishers/Greenwood Publishing Group: 211-252. In Deirdre Barrett & Patrick McNamara. Dreaming 7: 236-263. T.: Analytical Philosophy First Series. Revonsuo. and Witkowski. eds. A. (1986): Mind. L. Dreaming 4: 155-164. Philosophical Papers. In: Metzinger. and Personality Correlates. A. Cambridge: University Press. Content and Patterns. G. Punamäki. Revonsuo. R. Desgranges. Punamäki. R. (1995): Consciousness. ed.. 1: 97-109. Cambridge.. dreams. MA: MIT Press. 22 . (2002): Incorporation of Pain in Dreams of Hospitalized Burn Victims. J. (2005): The relationships between memory systems and sleep stages. (2000b): The reinterpretation of dreams: An evolutionary hypothesis of the function of dreaming.E. Empirical and Conceptual Questions.. Non-Traumatized Children. pp. G. Oxford: Basil Blackwell & Mott. Revonsuo. R.’ In Butler. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23: 877-901. (1997): Determinants and Mental Health Effects of Dream Recall Among Children Living in Traumatic Conditions. M. Sleep 25: 41-46. [On the behavior of pupils during sleep and comments on the innervation of the iris]. (1978): The single-mindedness and isolation of dreams. Rechtschaffen. Nielsen. Recall. Rainville. 2. Philosophical Psychology 8: 35-58. Vol.-L. Foret. Consciousness as a Biological Phenomenon.. Revonsuo. Rauchs. and Eustache. Choinière. (1994): The Role of Dreams in the Rehabilitation of the Adventitiously Blind. Putnam. Language and Reality. R. A. H. 304-324.: Neural Correlates of Consciousness. Raymond. (2000c): Did ancestral humans dream for their lives? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23: 1063-1082. E. Archiv für Anatomie und Physiologie: 109-121.-L. A.. Cambridge. London: MIT: 57-75. (1878): Über das Verhalten der Pupillen während des Schlafes nebst Bemerkungen zur Innervation der Iris. Raehlmann. Journal of Sleep Research 14: 123-140. A.-L... and the Mental Health Function of Dreams. B. H. and virtual realities. Lavigne. (2000a): Prospects for a Scientific Research Program on Consciousness. A.: The New Science of Dreaming Vol 2: Content. I. T.

. Midnight in the Battleground of Sleep and Dreams. Montplaisir. A. Rowland. Praeger Publishers/Greenwood Publishing Group: 1-34. Revonsuo. S.cs. A. (2001): Neurological Dreams. and Fenwick. Ithaca. Literature. Dreaming 5: 169-187. Rusalova. K. MA and London: Harvard University Press : 212-216. “Violent Moving Nightmares” (REM Sleep Behavior Disorder) RBD. (2006): Frequency-amplitude characteristics of the EEG at different levels of consciousness. (2000): Dreaming and Consciousness: Testing the Threat Simulation Theory of the Function of Dreaming. and Salmivalli. LaBerge. Journal of Consciousness Studies. Edited by Mark Dahlby. (1909): A case of visual sensations during sleep. Fallen. and Tarkko. W.A. Schönhammer.. Flüchten. Gackenbach and S.html. 23 . Sleeping Brain. C. New York and London: Plenum Press: 155-179. eds. (1995): A content analysis of bizarre elements in dreams. Sacks. Rupprecht.. N. Schatzman. Nielsen.. (1996): REM sleep parasomnias. A.H.: Trauma and Dreams.. K. Cambridge. R. Psychology and Scientific Methods 6 (13): 353-357. (2005): Paradox Lost. Tübingen: dgvt. R. Neuroscience and Behavioral Physiology 36 (4): 351-358. eds. Perspectives on Lucid Dreaming.: The New Science of Dreaming Vol 3: Cultural and Theoretical Perspectives.. Neurological Clinics 14: 697-720. A. Schönhammer. C. D. Dreaming 8: 125-134. (1998): The Tibetan Yogas of Dream and Sleep. P. In: Barrett. Psychologie intensiver Träume.. Revonsuo. (2002): Binding in Dreams. (2007): Dreaming. ed.W. C. Sauvageau. T. The Bizarreness of Dream Images and the Unity of Consciousness.. Minneapolis: Extreme Nights.. 12: 18-37. Psyche 6. Journal of Consciousness Studies 9: 3-24. Journal of Philosophy. Schenck. T.: Conscious Mind. (1988): Correspondence during Lucid Dreams between Dreamed and Actual Events. (2004): Fliegen. In Deirdre Barrett & Patrick McNamara. New York: Snow Lion Publications. O. M. H. Rinpoche. (1998): Effects of somatosensory stimulation on dream content in gymnasts and control participants: Evidence of vestibulomotor adaption in REM sleep. http://psyche. and Valli. Eleanor H. A. (2005): “Typical Dreams.” Reflections of Arousal. In J. and Mahowald. C.Revonsuo. J. M. Worsley.

. M. Recall. and Personality Correlates. P.: The New Science of Dreaming Vol 2: Content. Schredl. (1997): The concept of dreaming: On three theses by Malcolm. Personality and Individual Differences. (2002): The Neural Control of Sleep and Waking. Petersfield. With a Foreword by Jerome M. eds. and Personality Correlates.. In: Idzikowski. Schwartz. M. Heidelberg: Springer. eds. M. (2007b): Gender Differences in Dreaming.Schredl.. Trends in Cognitive Sciences. Schredl. Siegel. A. 12: 17-26. Schweickert.. M. 24 . 37 (7): 1463-1473. M. Schredl. Siegel. M. and Götz. and Maquet. (2003): Are life episodes replayed during dreaming? Trends in Cognitive Sciences 7: 325-327. Praeger Publishers/Greenwood Publishing Group: 277-297. (1987): What is a dream? Behavior Research and Therapy 25:124. Ciric. (2002): Sleep imaging and the neuropsychological assessment of dreams. J. S. eds. Schredl.. (2002): Questionnaires and Diaries as Research Instruments in Dream Research: Methodological Issues. S. Schwitzgebel. Schwartz. E. & Yellen. P. eds. D. Berlin. (1991): The Role of REM Sleep in Psychiatric Disorder. Praeger Publishers/Greenwood Publishing Group: 79-114. 6: 23-30. Hampshire: Wrightson Biomedical Publishing LTD: 251-262.M. S. (2007a): Dream Recall: Models and Empirical Data. and Cowen. (2002): Why did we think we dreamed in black and white? Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 33. Dreaming. R. 649-660. pp. Recall. Seligman.J. S. Philosophical Investigations 20 (1):15-38. and Erlacher.: Serotonin. Praeger Publishers/Greenwood Publishing Group: 29-48. In Deirdre Barrett & Patrick McNamara. (2003): Factors of home dream recall: a structural equation model. C. S. L. 10: 55-66.: The New Science of Dreaming Vol 3: Cultural and Theoretical Perspectives. Schwartz. (2000): A historical loop of one hundred years: Similarities between 19th century and contemporary dream research. Shapiro. Wittmann.: The New Science of Dreaming Vol 2: Content. Dreaming. In Deirdre Barrett & Patrick McNamara. Sleep and Mental Disorder. C. (2004): Lucid dreaming frequency and personality. (2007): Social Networks of Characters in Dreams. Schroeder. P. Journal of Sleep Research 12: 133-141. In Deirdre Barrett & Patrick McNamara. New York..

(2000): Dream Bizarreness and Inner Thought.Siegler. D. Fosse. New York: Other Press. F. and Meier. (2002): The brain and the inner world. eds. V. Philosophical Quarterly 17: 14-24. I. J. (2001 [1996]): Dreams and Nightmares of Burned Children. S. Solms. NY: SUNY Press). Solms.: Trauma and Dreams. O. Behavioral and Brain Sciences. (1997): The neuropsychology of dreams: A clinico-anatomical study. Ithaca. M. Mark (2002). James H. (2003): Lucid Dreaming Treatment for Nightmares: A Series of Cases. John Benjamins.. Reprinted in: Dunlop.. (1984). G. J.. Advances in Consciousness Research. J. In Elaine Perry.. MA and London: Harvard University Press: 25-45. Sleep: off-line memory reprocessing. New Jersey: Erlbaum. Heather Ashton & Allan Young. Squires. E. (1967): Remembering Dreams. M.: Conscious Mind. C. J.: Neurochemistry of Consciousness: Neurotransmitters in Mind. Ernest (2005): Dreams and philosophy.. Dreaming 10: 179-192. ed. J. & Kamiya. B. 23: 843-850. J.. (1977): Philosophical Essays on Dreaming. (1988): Individual Differences Associated with Lucid Dreaming. Strauch. Philosophical Studies 45: 353-368. New York and London: Plenum Press: 221-259.. Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 79 (2):7-18. Results of Experimental Dream Research (Albany. Stoddard.. In: Gackenbach. I. Analysis 20 (December):44-46. Cambridge. F. Spoormaker. Perspectives on Lucid Dreaming. E. Malcolm's dreaming. and Gackenbach. (1968): Electrophysiological studies of dreaming as the prototype of a new strategy in the study of consciousness. Sosa. Stone.. J. ed.. (2001): Brain-mind states: I. Stoyva. Roger (1995): Dream time. Chedekel. States. Solms. and Hobson. eds. (1959). and LaBerge. L.. M. B. T. O. Stern. Dreaming and certainty. Stickgold. R. A. In: Barrett. (1998). Dreaming: Cholinergic and dopaminergic hypotheses. M. R. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 95: 83-91. (2000): Dreaming and REM sleep are controlled by different brain mechanisms. Scott. (1996): In Search of Dreams. Psychological Review 75: 192-205. and Turnbull. L. Stickgold R. K. van den Bout. J. 25 . Longitudinal field study of sleep/wake factors influencing mentation report length. Dreaming 13: 181-186. and Shakun.A. Snyder. J. Solms. Meijer. D. Sleeping Brain. S.. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 2: 484-492. London: Cornell University Press: 265-279. Sleep 24(2):171-9.

F. Conscious Mind. Revonsuo. F. J.. (2006): Recurrent dreams: Recurring threat simulations? Consciousness and Cognition 15 (2): 464-469. P. and the Self. Clinical Neurophysiology. Varela.. Ali. eds. Foreword by H. (1913). Tart.. C.H.. Soc. (2005): The threat simulation theory of the evolutionary function of dreaming: Evidence from dreams of traumatized children. In Gackenbach.. and Eastman.V.. Perceptual and Motor Skills 59: 875-8. Consciousness and Cognition 14: 188-218. In Gackenbach. and Dying. New York and London: Plenum Press. A. New York and London: Plenum Press: 263-287. J. and LaBerge. Vertes. Sleeping Brain. K. (1984): The Significance of Philosophical Scepticism. A. van Eeden. T.. (2007): Evolutionary Psychological Approaches to Dream Content. Praeger Publishers/Greenwood Publishing Group: 95-116. O. & Ferrelli. Valberg. (1988). 26 . Proceedings of the Society for Psychical Research 26: 431-61. (2003): EEG activities during elicited sleep onset REM and NREM periods reflect different mechanisms of dream generation. A. Dreaming. S.Stroud. Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press. and Revonsuo. 67-103. Isamail. 22: 690. Ogilvie.I. In Deirdre Barrett & Patrick McNamara..A review of attempts to consciously control nocturnal dreaming. Murphy. A model for lucidity training as a means of self-healing and psychological growth. An Exploration of Consciousness with the Dalai Lama.. and LaBerge. 114: 210-220.-J. Takeuchi. K. eds. J.D. et al. B. H. Somerville. and Punamäki. Massachusetts: Wisdom Publications. P. Valli. Tholey. Death. J. R. K. J. K.: The New Science of Dreaming Vol 3: Cultural and Theoretical Perspectives. Sleeping Brain.P. R. (1997). Pälkäs. K. T.. (1997): Human V1 activation during REM sleep detected by fMRI. A study of dreams. J. A. (1983): Techniques for inducing and manipulating dreams. eds. (2007): Dream.. R.. Valli.E.. J. (2000): The case against memory consolidation in REM sleep. S. The Fourteenth Dalai Lama. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23: 867-76.. and Revonsuo.. K. Oxford: Clarendon Press. Tholey. Neuroscience Abstracts. P. Sleeping. Valli. (1988): From spontaneous event to lucidity . Sutton. Conscious Mind.

ed..D. C. Werth.. 27 . MA and London: Harvard University Press: 85-99. (1887): Die Seelenblindheit als Herderscheinung und ihre Beziehung zur Alexie und Agraphie. E. Mind 65: 241-245. J. (2007): The philosophy of dreaming and self-consciousness: What happens to the experiential subject during the dream state? In Deirdre Barrett & Patrick McNamara. ed. S. Cambridge. (2002): Brain electrical activity and subjective experience during altered states of consciousness: ganzfeld and hypnagogic states. 46: 123-146. Praeger Publishers/Greenwood Publishing Group: 155-184. and Phinney. perchance to remember: individual differences in dream recall. 7: 405-411. Ellman and J. eds. P. J. and Lehmann. (2002): Commentary on Professor Hobson's first-person account of a lateral medullary stroke (CVA): Affirmative action for the brainstem in consciousness studies? Consciousness and Cognition 11 (3): 391-395.: The Mind in Sleep: Psychology and Psychophysiology. D. In Deirdre Barrett & Patrick McNamara. W. J. and Antrobus. A. Homeostatic Model. Büchi. von Leyden. Hallam. D. Watson. B. D.: Trauma and Dreams. Wilmer. Wamsley.. (2007): Dream Production: A Neural Network Attractor. (1896): A study of dream consciousness. A. (1996): A brain topography of the human sleep EEG. Inc. Windt. J. S. and Borbely. 34: 1271-1286. W. Wackermann. Wiesbaden: Bergmann. Weed. International Journal of Psychophysiology. eds. G. E. H.M. Vol. M. Praeger Publishers/Greenwood Publishing Group: 193-247. J. S. (1938): Träume mit der gleichzeitigen Erkenntnis des Traumzustandes. Douglas F. Vold. M. 8: 123-127. (1910/1912): Über den Traum. I. American Journal of Psychology.: The New Science of Dreaming Vol 3: Cultural and Theoretical Perspectives. I and II. Leipzig: Johann Ambrosius Barth. (2006): On Ernest Sosa's "On Dreaming". New York: John Wiley & Sons. (2001): The Healing Nightmare: War Dreams of Vietnam Veterans. In S.. Personality and Individual Differences. Strauch. (2003): To dream. (1956): Sleeping and waking. and Metzinger. E.Vogel. Dual Rhythm Regional Cortical Activation.: The New Science of Dreaming Vol 1: Biological Aspects. The Pluralist 1 (1):53-62. T. Neuroreport. von Moers-Messmer. Wilbrand H.: 125-142. (1978): Sleep-onset mentation.A. Antrobus. J. H. P. Watt. In: Barrett. F. Wilshire. Achermann. Archiv für Psychologie 102: 291-318. Pütz. S..

H. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23: 1017-1018. J. Tenth Anniversary Issue of Lucidity Letter. pp. R. URL: http://www.: Conscious Mind.04.: Trauma and Dreams. Zadra. In: Gackenbach.. 1999 Worsley. M. and LaBerge. Gainesville: University Presses of Florida. M.2005). London: Cornell University Press: 81-102. and Donderi.. Yu. A. and Marcotte.. (2001): Recurrent Dreams: Their Relation to Life Events.-C. and Kramer.. (1979): Dimensions of Dreams. C. Ithaca. MA and London: Harvard University Press: 231247. M. ed. C. S.. (Reprinted from the Philosophical Quarterly 5 (1955). Perspectives on Lucid Dreaming. (1991): Dream Lucidity Induction and Control. Cambridge. Desjardins..: Philosophical Essays on Dreaming..htm (20. ed. A. V. and Kalish. C. (1999 [1897]): Outlines of Psychology. Yost. (1988): Personal Experiences in Lucid Dreaming. New York and London: Plenum Press: 321-341. (1959): Professor Malcolm on dreaming and scepticism--I. Wundt. Consciousness and Cognition 15 (2):450-463. A. W. eds. 109-124) In: Dunlop. (2008): Typical Dreams Experienced by Chinese People. É.sawka. (1977): Miss Macdonald on Sleeping and Waking. D. (2000): Threat perceptions and avoidance in recurrent dreams. S. Zadra. (2006): Evolutionary function of dreams: A test of the threat simulation theory in recurrent dreams. Yost Jr. A. R. Philosophical Quarterly 9: 142-151. In: Barrett. Sleeping Brain. Bristol: Thoemmes. Dreaming 18 (1): 1-10. 28 . M. L. Judd. D.Winget. E. K. A. Translated by C. Zadra. D.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful