TOEFL reading comprehension With your tutor, Josh Bickford Let's begin by going around, everyone say their

name, something they love to do, and what their favorite food is. I will start.

Why is it important to do well on TOEFL?
It has been said that good scores on your TOEFL test really will "open doors" for you. What does this mean? The TOEFL test is a world wide format for judging how well you use English, not just how well you know the words. This test will measure and predict how well you can perform in University level academics. Just like your SAT score, you will need to show future schools or jobs a strong score, so they know you are skilled at understanding English and using to express yourself. I am here to help you with the Reading comprehension section, however as your actual test date approaches I recommend you read this document, which was written by the people who designed the TOEFL test. This document also gives good guidance to the computer based test, which has certain features to help you as you take the test. http://www.ets.org/Media/Tests/TOEFL/pdf/TOEFL_Tips.pdf _______________________________________________________________________ ________

So, let's begin by talking about the reading comprehension section of the test.
The reading section will be the first part of the test you will have to take when you sit down for the TOEFL test. This test will measure how well you can understand academic English writing. Let's define academic writing as anything having to do with education or learning. School stuff. The reading section will last between one and one and a half hours. Each test is a little different due to length of reading passages as well as the questions asked.

Reading text so you can find information contained within 2. The important stuff! I want to prepare you as much as possible for what you are going to see on this test. Each reading passage will be followed by 12 to 14 questions each. you will have a much quicker and easier time finding the answers . Reading text so you can understand the author and what they are trying to explain 3. They key to successes in all things (and especially in education) is preparation! You have to be prepared. You could probably guess those three things above. A common timing set up: The first passage usually stands alone for 20 minutes and then you will have 40 or more minutes to finish the second and third passage. Reading a text for the purpose of learning something new. If you can understand how the test makers think. _______________________________________________________________________ __________ Tips and strategies. vocabulary. So an excellent way to practice for this test is to read college level books. It really is a good idea because it will improve your english skills. knowledge.There will be between 3 and 5 reading passages.the important part! The reading selections are going to come from university text books. and you know ahead of time how they set up the test. The test will be testing your ability to do the following three things: 1. You are timed and the computer system will shut off as soon as your given time for each section ends. and speaking ability! So all reading passages are going to fall into one of three . Each reading passage will be a text consisting of about 700 words.

You should take notes as you read through the passage.categories. historical. or an argument text? 3. 1.Resolution. Debate 3. What is the author's goal or opinion? The texts are also going to fall into certain types of organization style. Classification. Recognizing these will help you figure out what the author is talking about. Explanation 2. identifying comparing/contrasting cause/effect problem/solution _______________________________________________________________________ ______________ Questions! Now. when it comes to questions. Introduction Body Conclusion The intro is going to tell you some important information.Topic 2 Style . In the intro.is it explanation. so you can easily find certain information. The reading questions will be in one of three styles: . you are going to want to know what type of questions are on the test so you can start thinking about them as you practice and read college level writing. Argumentative . look for the following information 1. These passages are all going to have the same basic structure. Historical All the answers you need are contained within the passage and you will have to read or scroll through the whole work before the questions are displayed for you.

And the new "reading to learn" questions which have more than 4 choices and more than 1 correct answer. Traditional multiple choice. Inference/Implication (0-2) Which of the following can be inferred about ..com Question types... . The author's description of . why/what/which... These require paying close attention to the writing. with 4 choices and one correct answer and you will be asked to "insert a sentence" into the passage where it best fits.. Another useful breakdown of what the questions can ask. 3. Factual and Negative Factual questions ask about specific details and facts that are often provided in a single line of text. Sometimes you will be directed to the paragraph that contains the answer.. this is from www.. with 4 choices and one of them is the correct answer 2. For these i suggest underlining or making a note of important sections or information in the passage. According to paragraph 1.. Insert a sentence question..1. These questions test the ability to understand how the reading is organized and to understand how different facts and ideas throughout the text are related.englishclub. in review Detail/Fact (3-6 per set) According to the passage.mentions which of the following.. Negative Fact (0-2) All of the following are mentioned in the passage EXCEPT: According to the passage which of the following is NOT..

You will have to make connections and assumptions to answer this style of question. Incorrect answer choices leave out essential information or change the meaning of it. When answering this question make sure that you do not choose a sentence that is slightly incorrect. Insert sentence to the reading (0-1) Look at the four squares that indicate where this sentence can be added to the passage.In paragraph 3. When the author says ...... All of the . These questions generally ask you to identify a noun or phrase that a pronoun is referring to. Unlike factual questions..... You will not be asked to define vocabulary that is uncommon. is. Again you will be asked to make assumptions. or cannot be understood in context.she means..... Vocabulary (3-5) The word..in paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to.as an example of. answers will not often be found in a single line of text. subject related. why does the author discuss..... Reference questions (0-2) The word . The author mentions.. in paragraph 3 refers to... These questions ask you to do things such as figure out reasons why certain topics are discussed or certain examples are provided. The meaning of the term is often understood by reading the surrounding text... Author purpose (0-2) In paragraph 5. Where would the sentence fit best? Simplify the sentence (0-1) Which of the following best provides the important information in the highlighted sentence from the passage. the author implies.

Some sentences do not fit in the summary because they provide ideas that are not mentioned in the passage or are only minor ideas from the passage.. Fill in the chart (0-1) Complete the table in order to summarize the information about .. or will be incorrect. Look at the topic sentences of the passage for help when answering this question. Some choices will be too detailed. Complete the summary by choosing the THREE answer choices that contain the most imporant ideas in the passage. Remember that only the most important parts of the passage will appear in the summary.. Summary (0-1) An introductory sentence for a summary of the passage is found below.important information from the sentence must be in the simplified sentence. Match the statements to the .. Some do not belong under any of the headings. . Remember that not all of the statements or examples have to fit into the chart. This question is worth 2 points..