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DEDICATION Special dedication to my spectacular wife Mylinda, my fantastic son Christopher, and my amazing daughter Allison. It continually fills me with awe that God has given you to me. I love you. -Kirk Lawson
15191 80. (Wt. PRINTERS IN ORDINARY TO HIS MAJESTY.LONDON: PRINTED FOR HIS MAJESTY’S STATIONARY OFFICE.000 9 | 07—H & S 1424) P 07 217 . BY HARRISON AND SONS.
can be given in small squads. however. 1905. some of the preliminary lessons. Some of the details. however.) § 1.” followed by two pupils opposing one another under the Instructor’s supervision. 1. The use of the bayonet as a weapon of attack and defence is a necessary part of the instruction of the soldier trained to fight on foot. General Instructions for Bayonet Fighting. although they afford an excellent training for this result. more particularly adapted to competition fighting. 2. are. The best way to give the required individual instruction is by the method of “Instructor and Pupil. as is explained in the “Assaulting lessons.” (1424) A . and the acquirement of skill in it will ensure the necessary control of the weapon on the field of battle. In teaching bayonet fighting individual instruction is essential. but the system here laid down is of as practical a nature for the actual fight as can be devised. and will be included in the next edition of that work. ══════════ (This chapter dealing with Bayonet Fighting is to be substituted for Chapter III. It is—owing to certain necessary restrictions—impossible to draw up a system of fighting suitable only for the actual combat that will contain sufficient variety to ensure the required handiness and sufficient interest to encourage men to practise it. Appendix to the Training Manuals.INSTRUCTION IN BAYONET FIGHTING. The following instructions in bayonet fighting have been drawn up with the object of teaching men to use their bayonets with good effect in action.
5. in the first instance. 4. xiii. Suppleness. They relieve the dulness of routine work. should be taught in the order in which they are laid down. Every encouragement should be given to the men to practise bayonet fighting. 3. and vi) should be practised frequently even by skilled fighters. encourage the spirit of emulation. The following lessons are arranged in progressive order and. and give the men from an early stage of their instruction some idea of actual fighting. it is desirable that not more than four pupils be given to each Instructor. when once they have been learned. if performed in an intelligent way with plenty of activity and ease of movement combined with rapidity and energy. and.2 To ensure individual instruction. and. lightness. as it is by means of them that the men are given a combative spirit and are enabled to see step by step the fighting application of each detail which they are taught. should always form part of a day’s lesson. and all stiffness must be carefully avoided. IV Assaulting Lesson” (lesson xvi). and xvi) should therefore be frequently practised by all. iv. The Assaulting lessons (lessons ix. and freedom of movement should be aimed at throughout the instruction. Pupils should not be allowed to practise the actual “Assault” until they have had plenty of practise in “No. It should be noted that stiffness is often acquired as a habit by keeping men too long in one position. should result in greatly improved fighting powers. including skilled fighters. Great importance should be attached to the Assaulting lessons. so that they are worked up to the final fighting stage almost unconsciously. Leg work in small squads with dummy rifle and work at the “wall pads” (lessons iii. ease. and that the same Instructor should take the same pupils throughout their course. . xiv.
but he should try again under the eye of an Instructor. When men are inspected in bayonet fighting. exactly as he expects. the pupil should not be discouraged because he cannot bring off his attacks. In this lesson the pupil should carry a wooden dummy rifle and wear a left hand glove. energy. If the instruction be made progressive and lessons taught in the order here given. 8. and rapidity of movement. and work on the principles which he has been taught. with repetition whenever necessary. 7. the men should become efficient in the use of the bayonet and acquire a practical knowledge of its use in the combat. The training must also aim at developing the power of making a quick recovery after an attack has failed. A resolute attack of this nature has far more chance of success than one that is not pushed with the same determination.” A half-hearted attack is dangerous only to the attacker. and. § 2. Great attention should be devoted to developing quickness. and a good parry and return.. Lesson i. bending the knees well in doing so. even if it be parried. they should be seen at the Assault (Loose Play). when attacked. advance the left foot about 2½ foot-lengths in the direction of the adversary. think over the reasons of his want of success. at the sarge time cant the rifle to the front (bayonet leading) and seize (1424) A2 . From the position of Order Arms. It is especially important to insist on a good and very rapid attack pushed well home. &c. Bayonet lighting should never be taught as a parade exercise.3 6. the very determination and energy with which it was delivered frequently so upsets the adversary that he is unable to “Return. When first practising the Assault after having taken lessons only.
4 it with the left hand as far forward as can be conveniently managed. the pupil should assume a position of rest REST. and full control of the weapon. so as to ensure full control of the weapon. easy balance of the body. the right hand rather in front of the body which should be erect. of the rifle and body.. and exact adherence to the typical position should not be required so long as the principles indicated above are adhered to. extent of both arms. Without making a drill movement of it. well forward and covering the left side with the barrel turned slightly over towards the left and the point of the bayonet a little to the left of the central line. left arm sightly bent. The principle of the foregoing remarks applies also to all the positions and movements in bayonet fighting. forward threatening position of the rifle covering the left side. In this position the rifle should be held ON GUARD. free from all stiffness and constraint so as to be ready for instant movement. head and eyes turned towards the adversary. reaching well forward in doing so and letting the rifle slide through the left hand. from this or any other position in the easiest way. without being stiff. Allowance must therefore be made for the difference in build of individual men. the right hand at the small. wide base for the feet. and balanced evenly between each leg. Great importance should be attached to training men to assume an easy position on guard.e. left foot pointing straight to the front and right foot to the right. . i. Deliver the point as rapidly as possible as high as the adversary’s breast to the full FIRST POINT.
Return on guard. low parry to the left front and downwards. straightening the left arm in doing so. to balance it. From the on guard position. slightly bend the left arm and carry the rifle sufficiently to the left front (high or low as the case may be). It is important to teach men to deliver these points (whether with or without the lunge) to the utmost limit of their reach with rapidity. and without making any preliminary movement which would put the adversary on the alert and so enable him to parry it. straightening the left. (HIGH or LOW) The left parry should be made with the barrel of the rifle to the left without bending the wrist or twisting the rifle round in the ON GUARD. From the position of Right Parry. but not the tread of the foot. In forming the parry the wrist should not be bent nor the rifle twisted in the hand. arm in doing so. straightening the right leg. . which should be thrown well behind the body THROW POINT. reach as far forward as possible with the right hand (back of the hand up) and lean the body well over the left thigh. Deliver the point as high as the breast with great rapidity as follows :— The rifle should be started forward with both hands. so as to beat off the adversary’s rifle towards the left front. so as to beat off the RIGHT PARRY. and in the case of the LEFT PARRY. The right heel may he slightly raised off the ground. adversary’s rifle towards the right front. then quitting with the left hand. carry the rifle sufficiently to the right front. ON GUARD.5 Return on guard.
6 hands. of course. § 3. RETIRE. followed by the left foot an equal distance. rather than the name of the parry. show him a threatening attack and make him parry it. and ADVANCE. working free of the body. Pupil in the on guard position. by holding his own weapon in the required position. He should then take each pupil separately and. and the necessity for it. Advance the left foot quietly but quickly (distance according to requirements). This should be a stealthy movement. The height at which the parries are made should. Pushing easily backward from the left foot. carry the right foot the required distance to the rear. which should be moved an equal distance so as to resume the on guard position. which should be kept erect and steady. in other words. vary according to the height of the adversary’s attack. care should be taken not to raise the right hand. follow it immediately with the right. In teaching the parries the Instructor should at first illustrate them with the aid of an assistant who knows them. When forming the Left Parry low. the body should not be thrown out of its normal position facing the adversary by following the movement of the rifle. By this means the pupil is made to realise from the beginning exactly what he has to parry. . but without the rifle in his hands. Lesson ii. Great care should be taken that the rifle is moved by the arms alone. The men should be taught later to form the parries from any position. indicating the part to be defended.
but time should not as a rule be spent on practising it with the First Point. as it is usually so required. straight to the rear and at once resume the on guard position. the right heel (but not the tread of the foot) raised slightly from the ground. The Lunge is described for use with the Throw Point. as far as JUMP. backward. and full of life. The left knee to be perpendicularly over the instep. agility and freedom of movement of the legs being of the utmost importance. taking care to keep the men alert. and pushing off from the left foot. and the forward reach made as long as possible. right shoulder. . with a view to making a man from the start as active as possible. The right foot is. necessary. as it were. as directed for the Throw Point. at LUNGE. Lesson iii. The leg work is taught early in the course of instruction. chased backward by the left foot.7 Pushing sharply backward from the left foot. § 4. Return on guard by swinging the body ON GUARD. moving it close to the ground. active. singly. and body rapidly forward. the same time straightening the right leg. and the left hand to the rear. Repeat lesson ii with the dummy rifle in the hands. the Jump from the Lunge being LUNGE. advance the left foot about one foot-length to the front. may then be practised combined as RETIRE AND here given. JUMP. Moving the right hand. assisted by a vigorous backward swing of the LUNGE AND body. ADVANCE AND These movements. having been learned LUNGE. leap back lightly but rapidly. It may also be used with the First Point.
but the latter is seldom used except when “returning” after parrying. and immediately RETURN. Lesson iv. A wall pad can be made by hanging a padded jacket on the wall about the height of the breast of a man on guard. and then only if an opponent is near enough.” without and with lunging. and increases their reach. Repeat in each line of attack (i. With dummy rifle. Pupil with dummy rifle and left-hand glove. In competition fighting the former is nearly always used in making an original attack. Lesson v. The use of the Throw Point and First Point should here be explained. § 6. Spring bayonets to be used in this and all subsequent lessons. Lesson vi. It also teaches them to judge their distance properly. at “Wall pad. § 7. speed and energy. Practise hitting Wall pad as in Lesson iv. gradually teaching the pupil to increase is reach by increasing the distance from which he delivers his point. and frequently in a “return” after parrying. PARRY AND PUPIL parries sharply. taking care that pupil shows sufficient opening (in whatever line it may be) for Instructor’s attack. This is a very useful and important lesson in order to teach men to aim at and hit something with the point of the bayonet before being opposed to a living target. especially the latter. INSTRUCTOR throws hut his rifle gently as if he were going to make a Throw Point.e..8 § 5. but with spring . “returns” with a First Point without actually hitting. the line on which the attack is made with reference to the opponent’s weapon). Practise the First Point and the Throw Point.
occasionally parrying and making pupil recover quickly. § 10. hitting Instructor. PARRY AND PUPIL parries the attack and “returns. INSTRUCTOR threatens attack on pupil. “ONE” attacks direct in his own time. with Throw Point. to “return” at once. taking care that “Other” starts by showing sufficient opening for the attack.9 bayonets. Instructor making him ATTACK. Lesson ix. § 8. (1424) A3 . ASSAULTING “OTHER” endeavours to parry the attack. Instructor fully dressed with padded clothing. I the breast. Pupil with spring bayonet. if he succeeds. later on. and afterwards a Throw Point and Jump.” RETURN. Repeat in each line of attack. paying special attention at first to making a good Throw Point. mask. doing his best to hit his opponent in NO. hit well. Lesson viii. § 9. DIRECT with or without lunge. The above should be practised in each line of attack. Dressed as in lesson vii. Lesson vii. Repeat in each line of attack. Two pupils facing each other fully dressed. and left-hand glove. doing his best to hit his adversary before he is able to recover on guard. and. PUPIL hits Instructor with Throw Point. without any words of command. INSTRUCTOR shows opening. and. LESSON.
in addition. and there must he no attempt to deceive each other. while in reality it is not so. § 11. “disengage. in the line indicated only. The object of making a feint is to compel the adversary to form a parry to protect the line threatened and so uncover some other part of his body. When two adversaries are “engaged” in one line and one of them carries the point of this weapon into another line he is said to DISENGAGE.10 In this lesson each man knows exactly what his opponent is going to do. In attacking with a feint it is very important (when the actual movements have once been .” If. If the feint is made really well the adversary will at once form a parry. The feint should be made by inclining the body and weapon slightly but energetically FEINTS forward so as to simulate a direct attack.” A “feint” is a false or pretended attack made by a movement of the weapon and body with the intention of causing the adversary to believe that a determined attack is about to be delivered. with great speed and determination. and it is while he is forming this parry that a “point with disengage” should be made at the part of the body he uncovers in trying to parry the feint. the man who changes the line delivers a point as he disengages he is said to make a “point with disengage. The attack must be made. Lesson x. thereby making an opening for the real attack. and both pupils must do their best to hit.
It should be noted that a feint to be of any use must be made with such impression that it conveys to the adversary’s mind a firm conviction that it is a real attack and so compels him to form the necessary parry to meet it. before teaching the pupil to execute them practically as described in the next lesson. A good feint must. § 12. § 13. INSTRUCTOR shows opening. INSTRUCTOR feints at pupil. therefore. Lesson xii. disengages and threatens to hit pupil with the point. hitting Instructor. In this lesson the disengage and the feints should be explained and illustrated by the Instructor. and on his parrying.11 thoroughly learned) not to dwell on the feint. PARRY AND PUPIL answerers feint with parry (or rather RETURN. be answered by the adversary parrying or partially parrying it. and then parries the threatened point and returns. so as to hit him with the point while he is making the parry. Repeat in each line of attack. a partial parry). ATTACK WITH The feint should be made with the rifle held FEINT. quitting with the left hand as the Throw Point is delivered. but (anticipating the parry that the adversary will form) to disengage immediately. Lesson xi. firmly in both hands and the disengage commenced in the same way. with the help of an assistant. PUPIL feints at opening and (as Instructor parries) disengages and hits. Repeat in each line of attack. .
return if he is able to parry successfully. Lesson xiv. a most important lesson. therefore. “One” has for the first time the choice of two things when attacking. ASSAULTING “OTHER” answers feint with partial parry LESSON. “ONE” attacks with feint and immediately disengages and endeavours to hit adversary NO. as it gives scope for developing the true fighting instinct. be too strong. and then parries the point and returns. II with point. Lesson xv. The Beat is here used as a feint. § 16. Two pupils facing each other fully dressed. and “Other” has to be on the alert to act accordingly. BEAT AND DISENGAGE. III “ONE” attacks either direct or with feint. It is. and “Other” must always show sufficient opening for “One” to feint at. . so as to make the adversary think you are going to make a direct point. § 15. so as to make an opening for a direct point. NO.12 § 14. therefore. endeavouring to hit.. ASSAULTING “OTHER” parries and returns (acting LESSON according to whether the attack is direct or (direct or with feint). the beat should not. BEAT AND POINT. Both must try their best to hit. The Beat is used to knock the adversary’s rifle out of the way. trying his best to hit with the with feint). Lesson xiii. Two pupils facing each other fully dressed. and the disengage is then made so as to deceive his resistance.
sufficient only to take off the attack. one pupil only being allowed to . make a slight circular sweep with the muzzle of the rifle downwards to the right front.13 THROW POINT AND PASS FORWARD. and butt of rifle held well up. Attack with Throw Point and pass the right foot quickly forward in front of the left so as to increase the reach. NO. but. as it exposes the defender considerably. placing the left hand on the ground. IV “ONE” attacks with anything that has been ASSAULTING taught. This is extremely useful after a pass forward has failed to hit the adversary. § 17. and is easy to deceive. “OTHER” parries and returns. LESSON. it should seldom be used. This is used against an adversary who gets or keeps too far away to be reached by an ordinary point. Delivered as a Throw Point at adversary’s head. Lesson xvi. LOW POINT. This lesson is the final stage before commencing the regular Assault (or Loose Play). and the body raised higher than usual. Made with right foot forward. and directing the point upward at the adversary’s waist. This is effective only against a very low point. Delivered as a Throw Point by ducking the body to the left front. Without raising the right hand more than 2 or 3 inches. HIGHT POINT. EXTRA PARRY. but with the hand held high. Two pupils facing each other fully dressed. LOW RIGHT PARRY. point of bayonet on ground.
the pupil to return with a disengage. Company officers are responsible for the training of their men in bayonet fighting. Repeat and revise all that has been taught as required. Both must. therefore. Against an adversary who constantly tries to “time” a draw or decoy attack (i.e. is impossible to time a direct attack.C. Certificated gymnastic instructors will be made use of to assist in instructing young officers and other regimental N . and then.’s. A time thrust is a thrust delivered at an opponent while he is making a feint or preparing to make an attack of any sort.” in order that you may parry the “time” and immediately hit him with a return. Company Officers. and the Instructor should encourage great speed and determination in the attack above all things. § 19. and insist on the pupils acknowledging when they are hit. teach the following :— When it is found that an opponent RETURN WITH frequently parries an ordinary return. be used very sparingly. inducing him to “time. It TIME THRUST. however. N. Lesson xvii. The time thrust should. after the pupils have acquired some skill at the actual Assault.O. They must therefore be efficient instructors. try to hit.C.’s in Possession of Gymnastic Certificates. Organization of the Instruction in Bayonet Fighting. § 18.O. teach DISENGAGE.14 commence the attack until told to change about.. a DRAW FOR pretended attack) is useful with a view to TIME THRUST. .
xii.. . be modified as necessary to meet requirements :— 1st day . .15 Non-Commissioned Officers. iii. Lessons i. .O... vii and viii combined. 9th . . ii... .C... 4th . ..... and then repeat iii. ... x. . ii. 6th .’s will be selected to assist in the training of recruits. . and Assault.. however. . It is better not to teach lesson xvii in the recruit’s course or until the men have acquired some skill in the actual Assault. 2nd . xi. .. and repeat iii and vi if required. xiv. which should consist of 12 attendances of one hour each. vi. xi and xii combined.. Assault and repeat any lessons that may be required. 3rd . 12th .. which should... .. (Other than certificated gymnastic instructors..... .. 10th .. and repeat iii and vi if required.. 5th . 11th . iii. . iv.. The best of these N.. The instruction should be conducted on the lines indicated in the following syllabus. vii and viii combined. . 7th ... xv.. xii. . ... xv. . 8th . ix..... ix. and then repeat iii. xi. .C. All recruits will be put through a course of instruction in bayonet fighting. .. xvi.. vii and viii combined. xiii..) All regimental N.. v. ... i. viii. xiv.. .. xi and xii combined. .’s will be instructed in the methods of giving the bayonet fighting lessons. vii. iv. The Recruit. vii and viii combined.O.
your weapon .16 The recruit should be inspected at the conclusion of the course. in the same place as when on guard. your impetus and proximity should prevent him from damaging you. and carried easily in front of the body so as not to interfere with the running. A determined attack of this nature with a sharp weapon is likely to cause the opponent to waver. select an opponent straight in front of you. under the direction of his company officers. you fail to actually wound him. and drive home a determined attack with the point of the bayonet. (c) If your opponent obviously commences an attack on you before you actually deliver your attack. If. The Practical Use of the Bayonet. (b) On getting to close quarters. A long and unwieldy weapon is a distinct disadvantage. however. § 20. continuing 1he forward rush so as to close with him whether you are successful in bayoneting him or not. The trained soldier will go through a short annual “refresher” course of bayonet fighting during the winter months on the same lines as the recruit. and so give an opening for hitting him. the speed of which should also be increased. The duration of the course and the lessons given will be regulated according to the degree of proficiency of the individual. the rifle should be grasped with both hands. The following are a few practical hints for using the bayonet in action :— (a) On nearing the enemy. Trained Soldiers. The instructors for recruits should be changed as seldom as possible. and all the chances are in favour of the man who has the handiest weapon and knows how to use it.
even if you are unable to incapacitate him at once. combined with a feeling of mastery over your weapon.17 will be under sufficient control to enable you to parry and then immediately return at him. (e) All manœuvring for an opening when in actual contact on the field of battle is not only out of place but impossible. you bear him down with the force of your movement and prevent him from damaging you and. your companions will be at hand to assist you. offers every chance of success. . (d) By closing with an adversary. but a determined attack.
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