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ASMANJAS 2012

UDAAN- IRMA

JAWAR’S DAL DILEMMA
1. Background Amit Jawar, the CEO of ADAL Ltd. along with the Product Management team was deep into the discussions of formulating the strategy for entering the packed pulses market. AVL was planning to invest Rs 100 crore for the processing unit with a capacity to mill 600 tonnes per day at either Kharagpur or Lucknow. The company wanted to launch the brand in north India. Moong, masoor, arhar, urad, chana and rajma pulses that cumulatively comprise over 80% of the market would be initially launched. Amit, needed to find the right entry points to compete in the market. Foraying into the pulses market was his next big idea for ADAL, which was taken skeptically by the board. MKS Foods, another leading brand had expanded its range of branded retail foods business with its launch of pulses under the name ‘Bhakti Dals’. Establishing a new product category was anyway a herculean task, the complexity of which was further increased by the entry of MKS Foods, a company backed by the mammoth MK Group. Mulling over their entry strategies, Amit wanted to analyze Bhakti’s progress. 2. The Company ADAL Ltd. a Rs. 2600 crore company; is a 50:50 joint venture incorporated in January 1999 between two global corporations:
 

AD Enterprises Ltd. - the leaders in international trading & private infrastructure, and The US $ 6 billion AL Group of Singapore - one of the World's largest traders and refiner of edible oils.

AL Group is one of the world’s largest edible oil refiners and one of Asia’s largest oilseed crushers, with consolidated sales of US $ 6 billion in 2006. Through AL International, it has a sizeable operation in Indonesia, which makes it one of Asia’s largest palm oil refiners and merchandisers, as well as crushers of copra and palm kernel. In China, the Group is the largest soyabean crusher, a leading processor of oilseeds and edible oils and a leading distributor of branded edible oils. It is also a leading importer of edible oils into East and South Africa and Eastern Europe. The AL Group actively supports ADAL’s operations, with 90% of ADAL’s imports of crude vegetable oil being procured through the AL Group. The Registered office of ADAL is at Ahmedabad, with the manufacturing facilities situated at Mundra (Dist. Kutch, Gujarat).

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DESTINY. In northern India the major pulses brand were Rambani. Gujarat. Bhagat Ram Dal Mills. D-Mart and others. With no major value addition apart from cleaning and polishing (leather polishing or water based polishing) to bring the shine in the pulse. Big Bazaar. ORGANEEC. Since its launch in 2000. 600 Super Stockists and numerous brokers and other trade associates. of which. Star Bazaar. The reasons for entering the pulses market are many. In Eastern India Raj agro International and Daily were popular. ADAL introduced branded Soyabean oil to Middle-East and is now exporting its products to more than 19 countries in the Middle-East. Destiny took just 20 months to become India’s No.IRMA Together AD Group and AL Group have set up India's first port based refinery in 1999. ADAL's retail reach is more than 1 million outlets and its consumer reach is more than 80 million Indians. Bandi brand and Shree Silver brand of the Menasuwari Refinery Pvt Ltd were household name in South India. is the market leader in pigeon peas (tur dal/arhar dal) in the state selling under the brand name of Bangur. A large consumer base and an annual demand growth of about 15 per cent is prompting industrial conglomerates to expand their agricultural products portfolio with branded pulses. Branded Pulses in India – Markets and Competition Pulses consumption in India is currently about 17. As per AC Nielsen ORG MARG ‘Destiny’ has emerged as the highest selling consumer pack brand in India and stood at number one with 17% market share in refined edible oil market with leader in Soya bean category – the fastest growing segment in the edible oil market. whereas Dhanlakshmi. hence a significant part is met through imports. Following the success in India. Meanwhile. 2 . South East Asia & East Africa. Krunch and Dhani. SUR. Central Indian pulse brand included Lasty.5 million tonne annually. which affect the prices of the commodity and prompts many consumers to compromise on quality. Today the Mundra refinery is one of India's largest and most sophisticated oil refineries. SWACH DHANI and PLATINA are the brands under which ADAL sells its range of edible oil. Gujarat based Desai Uchitbhai Co. Further. small quantity is sold by Kirana stores and modern trade as their in-store brands. Pulses are in short supply in India. at Mundra. international agro commodities majors are also exploring options of entering the fray.1 edible oil brand. 3. Bangur and Kranti were popular varieties of Western India. more investment is coming in the sector. vanaspati and bakery shortening. Processing over 65 tpd pulses.ASMANJAS 2012 UDAAN. Established regional players charge Rs 6 to Rs 10 a kg as a premium. negligible quantity of pulses are sold in branded form. The companies are selling the branded pulse in retail outlets of Reliance. Today ADAL has its distribution foot prints all across the country with various stock-points catering to more than 5000 distributors.

water polish (source of water is unknown) or leather belt polish (animal skin touch) are added. polish or colours 3 . Testing is done for seed quality. or weevilled grains . colour or oil that are used by others to polish dals. It does away with the time-consuming process of cleaning grains at home. Bhakti have also tied-up with National Collateral Management Services Ltd (NCSML) an ISO 9001-2008 accredited agency. Bhakti Dals are all-natural. 4.IRMA After the brand war in packaged cereals such as wheat. While processing Bhakti Dals no marble powder (very harmful for intestines).  The key benefits of Bhakti Dals as promoted by the company are:  All-natural. The inherent quality of pulses and the nutrient values of dals are not compromised in Bhakti Dals. for testing of their dals. While players like Future Group retail chains. rice and maize. unlike most packaged dals available in retail outlets. farm-fresh  No added chemicals. packaging and post-packaging.ASMANJAS 2012 UDAAN. late entrants like the MKS Foods are making the competition fiercer. it’s the turn of pulses. oil polish (added fat). Goodbye to impurities Every grain of Bhakti Dal is 100% laser-sorted and graded using modern technology to ensure that consumers get no impurities. MKS Bhakti Dals promise to be different from all other dals. MKS-supported Indian farms. which are imported. or from NCDEX-associated farmers. Care is taken right from procurement of seeds or sourcing to retailing at the neighbourhood store. farm-fresh produce which are sourced from reputed. Their test reports indicate that the time taken for cooking unpolished dals is the same as that for polished ones. The story of the company is about harnessing the fruits of science for goals that go beyond business. damaged. MKS Foods – Bhakti Dals MK Group is a global company with interests in businesses that focus on LIFE: Living. Industry and Farm Essentials. Bhakti differentiates itself based on the following factors:  Healthier dals Bhakti Dals are unpolished and have not been damaged by artificial stone powder. Reliance Retail and ITC are already in the fray with their branded pulses products.  Quality control The pulses are directly procured from reputed Indian farms – supported with MKS's Good Agricultural Practices.the dals are ready-to-cook. Their latest venture. The dals are processed and packed in the shortest possible time and are farm-fresh.

IRMA  100% laser-sorted. (+2 pages for annexure if any). The dals are launched in an attractive 'Farm Story' pack. Data from the public space can be used for analysis. with a free recipe booklet The company currently markets all the four varieties from existing retail outlets including food malls and large retail chains.ASMANJAS 2012 UDAAN. The authors do not intend to illustrate either effective or ineffective handling of managerial situation. It also uses MKS rural retail outlets and its existing salt distribution network to penetrate further in the Indian market. Analyze the case facts on the basis of the following points:  Evaluate the strategy of Bhakti dals   What are the learnings from Bhakti Dals ? Propose a comprehensive entry strategy to Amit to enter the packed/branded pulses market with Pan-India operations. Any solution beyond this limit will not be considered for evaluation. Along with the analysis. Two items — salt and cooking soda — are already sold under the Bhakti brand. The Bhakti brand has priced the pulses at between Rs 85 and Rs 100 for a one-kg pack. Limited data has been provided in the case. provide the data sources and assumptions. It will also sell 250 gm and 500 gm packets. machine-cleaned and graded  Premium-quality grain  Packed with natural flavour and taste Bhakti Dals are being launched in four basic popular varieties— toor. moong and urad and chana.) 4 . The names and certain identifying information have been disguised to protect confidentiality. Limit your solutions to a maximum of 5 pages. *** (Disclaimer: The case has been written solely for academic discussion.

IRMA Month/Selected Commodity-wise Retail Prices of Essential Items in Metros (Delhi.83 37.64 38.78 62.86 55 51 54 51 54 58 54 57 54 57 54 56 54 57 54.ASMANJAS 2012 UDAAN.67 77.5 68 60 68 68 68 60 70 68 71 62 78 73 78 68 80 84 75 84 80 73 70 65 68 68 64 62 70 75 66 65 72 71 67 65 72 72 66 63 72 38 37 38 35 36 37 34 32 33 34 34 32 33 33 32 32 34 32 32 32 34 34 32 32 Jan.82 83. Nov.67 75.76 67.52 38.14 65.18 73.38 37.43 67. Sept.59 69.23 72. Feb.25 56. Kolkata and Chennai) of India (January.45 71.06 70 73.39 54 55.5 78 62 72 69 75 58 70 68 76 60 68 73.24 52.29 76.33 61. Jan.05 70 71. 2010 to June. Oct.73 62.23 75.02 54.5 38 38.36 54 56.86 36.3 75.14 55.89 71.27 5 . Mumbai.14 71 65 62 68 70 65 58 66.86 74 76 68 78 72 73 68 78 72.5 70 70 58 65 68.06 37 36.36 65.89 68.05 67.78 60. May June 34. March April May June 2010 July Aug.78 72.5 80 65 72 73.14 34.5 70 56 65 68.36 65.39 39.27 35.43 69.11 66.68 76.61 75.86 37.27 64.77 75. Dec.76 71.09 60 68.5 81 72 78 72.78 75.36 75.89 70. 2011) Metros/ Items Gram Dal Delhi Mumbai Kolkata Chennai Tur Dal Delhi Mumbai Kolkata Chennai Urad Dal Delhi Mumbai Kolkata Chennai Moong Dal Delhi Mumbai Kolkata Chennai Masoor Dal Delhi Mumbai 62 55 59 53 55 53 58 52 58 51 57 52 81 87 90 85 77 89 85 80 78 86 85 85 88 90 88 90 86 89 88 94 88 91 90 90 73 75 62 76 67 73 58 68 62.5 34 32 34 35 34 32 34 35 38 32 34 35 38 32 35 35 38 35 38 35 38 38 38 35 40 38 38 39 38. March 2011 Apr.5 84 85 78 80 79 80 77 74 86 75 72 73 80 70 65 72 78 70 65 69 76 75 68 68 74 80 72 72.38 60 66.5 71 55 60 69 68 56 60 70 72 65 75 72.14 70 69.82 35.9 70 71.

9 497.8 10913.8 48 1826.03.95 47.1 1999.4 735.5 61.8 1934 1969.2 594.9 1154.56 48.7 1998.6 301.91 45.7 0 128.5 407 1992.8 688 294.2 5996. dated on 07.2 20078 101.36 49.4 539.5 291 294.7 11061.8 1552.1 605.7 272.4 979.9 231.Indiastat) 6 .5 201011 200.5 1188.6 714.3 5.9 10764.9 280.2010.08.33 44.ASMANJAS 2012 UDAAN.7 994 267.4 389.12.3 286.1 100.5 2453.4 290.7 577.1 3934 530.5 1202.9 298.6 1967 1448 1401 405 972 1100 511 6.1 264 529. Indiastat) Selected State-wise Consumption of Pulses in India (2007-2008 to 2010-2011) Total Consumption 200820099 10 194.7 534.2011 & Rajya Sabha Unstarred Question No.IRMA Kolkata Chennai 61 - 58 - 52 50 50 50 50 52 48 50 48 48 48 45 48 46 48 48 48 46 48 46 48 50 47.2 588.8 1576.5 158.3 494.6 297.6 14566.1 64.6 743 3024 1697 1265 8.7 14598.7 0 164.7 States Haryana Rajasthan Uttar Pradesh Bihar Assam West Bengal Jharkhand Orissa Madhya Pradesh Gujarat Maharashtra Andhra Pradesh Karnataka Kerala Tamil Nadu Others India 20078 191.1 469. dated on 01.9 317.2 776.1 513.8 88.2 1171.7 965.3 597.8 383.5 272.2 33.6 761. 1138.3 769.38 44 45 (Source: Lok Sabha Unstarred Question No.3 393.8 695.6 609 545 403 1656 2463.4 324. 4488. dated on 07.2 1898.7 258.9 611.4 185 761 14761.9 695.6 134.9 320 322.2 684.4 270.1 63 147.7 3683.2 684.4 387.3 11166.6 188.6 5837 589.9 302.1 585.2011.2 839.8 542.3 257.7 197.5 (In ' 000 Tonne) Estimated Production 2008200920109 10* 11$ 178.3 693.6 781.8 707. 20.3 681.9 396 402.2 1001.8 255.6 253.7 220.5 (Source: Source : Lok Sabha Unstarred Question No.5 75.

68 16.83 89.9 219.29 14. 4574.59 36. Indiastat) 7 .01 40.02 40.61 (Million Tonne) 2011-12 Demand 98.26 80.2 2010-11 Demand 96.91 96.03 234.69 92.19 78.14 214.36 176.79 77.57 35.57 72.77 14.18 71.8 172.51 14.76 17.76 230.81 75.87 99.13 74.47 2009-10 Demand Supply @ 94.71 18.04 33.78 35.65 224. 4586.IRMA Demand and Supply of Major Foodgrains in India (2007-2008 to 2011-2012) 2007-08 2008-09 Demand Supply Demand Supply 90.ASMANJAS 2012 UDAAN.08.72 80.12. dated on 30.77 218.2010 &Lok Sabha Unstarred Question No.15 Item Rice Wheat Pulses Coarse Cereals Total FoodGrains (Source: Lok Sabha Unstarred Question No. dated on 07.2011.