ÀBoil Water in a Paper BagÀ Materials y Paper bag y Alcohol lamp y Match y Tongs Procedure 1.

Place a ring stand over an alcohol lamp. That's right, we're going to boil the water in the paper bag over an open flame! Alternatively, you can make a box using printer paper and either paper clips or Scotch tape. 2. Place a screen on the ring stand. This will help to evenly distribute the heat from the flame. 3. Add about 200 ml of water to a small paper bag (about 4-6" across) and place the bag of water on the screen over the burner flame. 4. Wait for the water to boil. How It Works Paper is a poor conductor of heat so the water heats slowly. Conduction of heat through the paper eventually increases the temperature of the water to its boiling point. The heat keeps the water from seeping through the bag, while the high heat capacity of the water keeps the paper from igniting. ÀTurn regular milk into a magical piece of art!À Materials y A clean plate y Milk (2 , whole, whatever) y Food colouring- as many cool colours as you'd like! y Some dish detergent y A cotton swab Procedure 1. Pour the milk into the plate. Make sure it covers the entire plate, and that the plate is clean and dry before you use it. 2. Place a few drops of food colouring around the milk in different spots. Be creative! This is your chance to create real art. 3. Dip the cotton swab in dish detergent. 4. Ready? Set? Go! Touch the milk with the dish detergent swab. You can place it at the centre of the plate, or see what happens when you put it in one side! You don't have to stir or move the swab at all, just sit back and watch the magic. How it Works Milk is a homogeneous mixture of many chemical substances, elements and compounds. Among these you will find proteins, which are natural compounds found in food and in your body, fats, which are also found in food and in the body and are generally soluble in organic compounds but not in water, calcium (Ca, element #20), and other cool milky stuff.

which are compounds that have phosphorus and can dissolve calcium. you will get a clearly-defined separation. The two liquids have different densities from each other. 3. such as a driver's license Procedure 1. Expect some mixing of water with rubbing alcohol or an alcoholic beverage. which allows the food colouring to spread around the milk. and various enzymes that break down proteins and fats to smaller particles that can be easily washed away with water. or water and whiskey. Line the glasses up so that they are even and move the card so that there is just a tiny bit of open space at the edge of the glasses. Basically. Detergents also contain chemicals called surfactants. it's not magic. All you need are two liquids that have different densities. nothing happens.Dish detergents are chemicals designed specifically to clean your plate of food. You can tint a water or alcohol-based liquid with food coloring. 5. such as water and wine. When we add food colouring to the milk. water and oil. which causes the colour pigments from the food colouring to get pushed around. The surfactants reduce surface tension. They contain phosphates. proteins and fats in the milk. Materials y two small identical glasses. Then the enzymes start to react with the calcium. when the dish detergent touches the milk. You would see the same result if you had removed the card entirely. So you see. . 4. flip the water glass over and set it and the card on top of the second glass. which lower the surface tension of a liquid and allow easier spreading. Fill the other glass completely full with the other liquid you selected. Place the card over the water glass. While holding the card onto the glass. except this way is prettier and looks more magical. Fill one glass completely full with water. such as shot glasses y water y oil or wine or whiskey or rubbing alcohol y a thin waterproof card. the liquids will exchange places. The alcohol or oil will rise to the top while the water sinks and fills the bottom glass. How it Works Well. things start to move. If the liquids don't mix (such as water and oil). 2. BUT. It's chemistry! ÀWater into WineÀ This science magic trick or demonstration can be performed using many different liquids. resulting in a cool colourful pattern. obviously not by magic! This is simple science. Over the next few minutes (about 10 minutes for shot glasses). the lighter liquid will float while the heavier liquid will sink.

When a hand is pushed down into the water.) ÀThe Methylene Blue Traffic LightÀ Materials y 500 mL florence flask with stopper to fit Chemicals y 300 mL distilled water y 8 g potassium hydroxide y 10 g dextrose y 6±8 drops of methylene blue indicator (indicator solution prepared by dissolving 0.ÀDisappearing WaterÀ Materials y styrofoam cup y cardboard y 400mL beaker Procedure Put some sodium polyacrylate powder into a styrofoam cup (ahead of time. a thin layer of air is trapped between the hand and the powder. Since the powder repels water. While the student is still holding the cup. lift the cup up off the student¶s head. Have a student hold the cup in the air with both hands. pull the piece of cardboard out and have the student read the card. similar to oil). Slowly push hand below the surface of the water and then bring your hand back out. How it Works Lycopodium powder is ³hydrophobic´ (it repels water. ÀDry Hands in Wet WaterÀ Materials y Basin y Spatula Procedure Pour test tube of lycopodium powder onto the surface of the beaker of water. The beautiful silvery colour of the water against the hand is actually the reflection of light off the water±air interface. Then. The hand will be dry. Then pour water out of the pitcher into the cup and put the second piece of cardboard over the mouth of the cup. Finally. turn it upside down over the student¶s head and lower the cup onto the student¶s head. the hand remains dry. (This might be similar to how a fish sees the sky. How it Works The sodium polyacrylamide quickly forms a gel when water is added.20 g methylene blue in 100 mL water) . showing that no water comes out. unseen).

. This process can be repeated many times.10-bis(phenylethynyl)anthracene for green. How to Make a Glow Stick To make the glow stick mix together the following: 10mL Diethyl Phthalate (solvent) 3mg of fluorescent dye (see below) 50mg TCPO (see below) 100mg sodium acetate 3mL 30% hydrogen peroxide (add last to start reaction) The fluorescent dye can be 9. The basic conditions cause the dextrose to reduce the methylene blue dye to its colourless form. continuing the cycle until the oxygen in the flask is used up.Procedure Dissolve 8 g KOH in 300 mL distilled water in 500 mL florence flask. Swirl the flask and allow it to sit undisturbed until it becomes colourless (about one minute).10diphenylanthracene for blue. give the flask a quick shake or two. To do the demonstration. Just prior to doing the demonstration. Shaking the flask reintroduces more oxygen into the solution and re-oxidizes the methylene blue to its blue form. dissolve 10 g dextrose in the KOH solution and then add 6±8 drops of methylene blue solution. and rhodamine B for red. The blue colour appears again and then slowly fades. Rubrene for yellow. How does it Work The oxygen present in the flask oxidizes the methylene blue dye to its blue form. 9.

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