You are on page 1of 38

PROBLEM 13.

1
A 400-kgsatellite.is placed in a circular orbit 6394 km above the surface of the earth. At this elevation the acceleration of gravity is 4.09 m/s", Knowing that its orbital speed is 20 000 kmIh, determine the kinetic energy of the satellite.

SOLUTION Given: Mass of satellite, Speed of satellite, Find: Kinetic energy, T v
m=

400 kg

v = 20.0 x 103 kmIh

=

(20.0 x 103 kmIh)(~)(1000 3600 s

m/km]

= 5555 mls

T

1 1 = '2mv2 = '2(400

kg) ( s.sSS x 103m1s

)2

T = 6.17 x 109 N·m Note: Acceleration of gravity has no effect on the mass of the satellite. T

= 6.17 GJ....

PROBLEM 13.2
A 1000-lb satellite is placed in a circular orbit 3000 mi above the surface of the earth. At this elevation the acceleration of gravity is 8.03 ftls2. Knowing that its orbital speed is 14,000 miIh, determine the kinetic energy of the satellite.

SOLUTION Given: Weight of satellite, Speed of satellite, Find: Kinetic energy, T v W v
= =

1000 Ib 14,000 mi/h

=

(14,000milh)(5280

ftlmi)(_h_) 3600 s (1000 Ib) 32.2 ftls2
)=

=

20,533ft1s

. Mass of satelhte

=(

31.0559 Ib s2/ft

T

= ! mv2 = !(31.0559)(20,533)2
2 2
T

= 6.5466

x

109 lb-ft

=

6.55

x

109 lb-ft

Note: Acceleration of gravity has no effect on the mass of the satellite.
T = 6.55
X

109 lb-ft ....

PROBLEM 13.3
An 8-1b stone is dropped from a height h and strikes the ground with a velocity of85 ft/s. (0) Find the kinetic energy of the stone as it strikes the ground and the height h from which it was dropped. (b) Solve part a, assuming that the same stone is dropped on the moon. (Acceleration of gravity on the moon = 5.31 ft/s").

SOLUTION Given: Weight of stone, Velocity of stone, Acceleration of gravity on the Moon, Find: (0) Kinetic energy, T Height h, from which stone was dropped
(b) Tand h on the Moon (a) W

= 8Ib
gm = 5.31 ftls2

v = 85 ftls

On the earth T

= .!..mv2 =.!..(
2

8Ib )(85 ft/S)2 = 897.52 Ib·ft 2 32.2 ft/s2 T
=

898 lb-ft ....

1( + UI_2

=

T2 Wh

1J

= 0, UI_2 =
T
2'

Wh

= (8Ib)(h),
=

T2

= 8981b·ft

=

h

=

897.52Ib·ft 8lb

Il2.190ft
h = 112.2 ft ...

(b) On the moon Mass is unchanged. Thus T is unchanged. Weight on the moon is: T
=

898 Ib-ft ...

W,1I - mg", - (
Wm hlll

_

_

(8 Ib)
32.2 ft/s
2

) 5.31 fils

(

2)

=

1.31925 lb

=

T2 Wm

=

(897.52ft) (1.319251b)

=

680.33ft

Find: (a) Kinetic energy.PROBLEM 13..62 N) = 29.62 m/s"). SOLUTION Given: Mass of stone. Thus T is unchanged. T m= 2kg 24 mls v = Height h. Wm = 3.4m . (a) Find the kinetic energy of the stone as it strikes the ground and the height h from which it was dropped. from which the stone was dropped (b) Tand h on the Moon (a) On the Earth T= W 2.4 A 2-kg stone is dropped from a height h and strikes the ground with a velocity of24 mls.(2 kg)(24 2 2 mg mlS)2 = 576 Nvm T = 576 J'" = = (2 kg)(9.24N = 177.24N hm = = Wm T m = 2kg T = 576 J'" (576N.36 m h = 29.8 m hm = 177. Weight on the moon is.81 11 = 0 h= _l_ mls2) = 19.8 m'" . (b) Solve part a. Velocity of stone.mv2 = 2. Acceleration of gravity on the moon.m) 3.m) (19. assuming that the same stone is dropped on the moon.62 N T2 = 576 J T W = (576 N.. (Acceleration of gravity on the moon = 1. (b) On the Moon Mass is unchanged..

.0 ft/s .856'" . Vc weight. The brakes are BB~clc~~RmIIli then applied.PROBLEM 13.~_~~-~ J- 500 ft -r1 An automobile weighing 4250 lb starts from rest at point A on a 6° incline and coasts through a distance of 500 ft to point B.1 UA~B = WhA~B = (4250 Ib)(500 ft)(sin6°) = 22. Knowing that slipping is impending during the braking period and neglecting air resistance and rolling resistance..1(4250 Ib)(cos6°)(70 ft] = 0 570 f.1 = 0. (b) F = f. Incline angle.1 = -tan6° 70 = 0.F(70 = (4250 Ib)(sin6°)(570 F = f.1(4250Ib)cos6° ft] (4250 Ib)(sin6°)(570 ft] = -f. Vehicle coasts 500 ft from A to B Vehicle brakes at impending slip for 70 ft from B to C.1N where f.. causing the automobile I to come to a stop at point C.. 1 = VB 0 Find: Speed of automobile Coefficient (a) at point B.856 f.1 = coefficient UA~C of static friction ft) . f. 70 ft 60 SOLUTION Given: Automobile Initial velocity at A. 70 ft from B.~~. W = 4250 lb VA = 0 ft/s r:=. . of static friction. determine (a) the speed of the automobile at point B.5 . (b) the coefficient of static friction between the tires and the road.212 x 104 lb-ft VB = 58.

.75(4250 Ib)cos6°(70 Ft) . An automobile weighing 4250 lb starts from rest at point A on a 6° incline and coasts through a distance of 500 ft to point B.(4250 Ib)sin6°(570 ft) UR = -31.TA = 0 = jJN = 0. . causing the automobile to skid to a stop at point C. Initial Velocity at A. UA-+C = UR + WhA-+ F - F(70 ft) = Tc . W VA = 4250 lb = 0 ftJs jJ = 0. Vehicle coasts 500 ft from A to B Vehicle skids 70 ft from B to C Dynamic friction coefficient..==_ are then fully applied. Knowing that the coefficient of dynamic friction between the tires and the road is 0.6 ~ -::.75(4250 Ib)cos6° U R = Resistance work = 0. determine the work done on the automobile by the combined effects of air resistance and rolling resistance between points A and C.75 Find: Work done on automobile by air resistance and rolling resistance between points A and C. Incline angle.75..PROBLEM 13. 70 ft from B. The brakes SOLUTION Given: Automobile weight.3 x 103 ftlbs .

1 mls _!_mv~8 2 7j = ° T2 = = _!_(W)(16.k)W = (58 kmIh)(1000 mJk:m)(~) = 3600 s 16. and for the remainder of the race 75 percent of the weight of the car is on the rear wheels.75)(W) = 0.u.uk )(w) = (0.73395 18 9.kN = (J.91744)(0.75)W F2 . determine the speed of the car at the end of the 400-m track.uk = ()( ) = 0.6) W g UI_2 = (F)(18 m) = .80) = 0.r = .7 Skid marks on a drag race track indicate that the rear (drive) wheels of a car skid for the first 18 m and roll with slipping impending during the remaining 382 rn.91744 = (0. the force on the car is F VIS = J.i.68808 7j = ° T2 = ~(. The front wheel of the car are just off the ground for the first 18 m.) 129.)( v4oo/ . with 75% of weight on rear drive wheels and impending sliding.us)(0.81 For 400 m: Force moving the car is for the first 18 m.6)(.73395)W For the remaining 382 m.80) = (0.1 2g mlS)2 = (129. SOLUTION First I m: ince all the car ' weight is on the rear wheels which skid. Knowing that the peed of the car is 58 kmIh at the end of the first 18 m and that the coefficient of kinetic friction i 80 percent of the coefficient of static friction.6 .uk (0.ukW = (129.73395)(0. Pi = (. Ignore air resistance and rolling re i tance. F2 = (.uk (W)(18 m) 0+ l8.i.PROBLEM13.

.PROBLEM 13.68808)(W)(328 m) + 262. .8W = 276.}V400)2 = (2g)276..01) 73..01W 0 + 276.81 V400 mls2)(276. V400 v~oo = 5415.21W m) + (O.6 mls .oo T2 = i(..01 = (2)(9.3 = = 265 kmIh .01W 11 + UI_2 = v.7 CONTINUED UI_2 = Fi (18 m) + F2 (382 m) = (O.73395)(W)(18 = 13.

64 (318.64m 2 2 71 + UI_2 = T2 = 318.81) = 2917. f. Speed at end of the race. \/400 = (275 km/h] (1000 mIkm) 3600 s/h = 76. the car is to reach a peak speed of 275 km!h at the end of the 400-m track? Assume that the coefficient of kinetic friction is 75 percent of the coefficient of static friction and ignore air resistance and rolling resistance.8 In an automobile drag race. = 275 km/h f.ism(9.933 ~ .389 mls 1 1 T2 = =mv2 = -m ( 76.PROBLEM13. and rear wheels skid for first 25 m. the rear drive wheels of a car skid for the first 25 m and roll with slipping impending during the remaining 375 m. f. car starts from rest front wheels off the ground. with 80% of the weight on the rear drive wheels peak.389 )".is Force moving the car for remaining 375 m with 80% of the weight on the rear (drive) wheels and slipping impending.ik = 0. (0) What is the required coefficient of static friction if. The front wheels of the car are just off the ground for the first 25 Ill.i Find: (0) Coefficient of static friction. = 2917. 71 = 0.93306 Ps = 0.75f.75f. and for the remainder of the race 80 percent of the weight is on the rear wheels.75)(9.is (b) Speed at the end of the first 25 m (0) Force moving the car for the first 25 m.64 m u.= 2917. with all the weight on the rear drive wheels and the wheels skidding.81) = 0.75f. (b) How fast is the car going at the end of the first 25 m? SOLUTION Given: 400 m drag race track. Wheels roll with slipping impending for remaining 375 m. starting from rest.ik = 0.

75ps = 0.69979 Fi = PkN 11 = 0.527 mls VZ5 = 66..69979)mg = ..!. U.7 km/h ._Z Tz = (0.m(vZ5)Z 2 = (0.8 CONTINUED (b) For the first 25 m Pk = 0.4949mg 1 -mv~5 2 VZ5 = 18.PROBLEM 13.4949)mg = = 17.. .69979)(mg)(25m) 0+ (17.

PROBLEM13.!. Friction and other masses are neglected..2 ftls2 )v 161b 2 2 = (28.5452 ft2 d = 2.449 = 8. v From Law of Cosines d2 = 4.021 ft·lb ft) = -8.8.1319 ft U30 = We (distance pulley C is lowered) = 30 Ib[l( 4 .9134 v = 8. Find: Velocity of the block after 2 ft.021 = .9 The 16-lb block A is released from rest in the position shown.( 32.2822) nu v2 v 79.2822 ft-Ib .2. SOLUTION Given: Block A is released from rest and moves up incline 2 ft..1319)] ft Ul6 = -16Ib(sinI5°(2 = +28..91 ftls . . Neglecting the effect of friction and the masses of the pulleys. determine the velocity of the block after it bas moved 2 ft up the incline.

After moving 2 ft the velocity i 9 ft/s.131944 ft U30 = 30 Ib[±(4 . Knowing that the velocity of the block is 9 ft/s after it has moved 2 ft up the incline.0208 .10 The 16-lb block A is released in the position shown with a velocity of 3 ft/s up the incline.282209 ftIb 28.8504 ftIb Urricliofl = 1.8. eglect the masses of the pulleys.. determine the work done by the friction force exerted on the block..2 ft/s- .282209 .2.850 ftIb .282209 + 17.1319)]ft = +28.88820 -1.0208 + 8. vf ft -Ib From Law of Cosines d = 2.U friction = = = -1 ( 16 Ib .PROBLEM13..()2 3 ] ft-' -UrriClion -28. SOLUTION Given: Block A is released at the position shown at a velocity of 3 fils up.0208 ft -lb UI6 =- 16Ib(sinI5°)(2 ft) = -8. Find: Work done by friction force on the block.9) [()2 2 32. .

.36 m/s .76531)W = -0...0154 Vo = 4.11 Boxes are transported by a conveyor belt with a velocity Vo to a fixed incline at A where they slide and eventually fall off at B.PROBLEM 13.40 = Vo AtB Find: Vo v = 2 m/s TA = -mv 2 I o .7653Img 1 .76531mg =2 m v~ = 19.1k = 0.Wcosl5° = Wcosl5° =0 U A-8 = -(0. determine the velocity of the conveyor belt if the boxes leave the incline at B with a velocity of 2 m/s. For AB. -mv 2 o- 0. v J. I T8 = -mv8 2 2 = 1 -m ( 2 m/s )2 2 T8 = 2 m tv LF = 0 N .1k = 0. . SOLUTION Given: At A. Knowing that J.40.

87 mls .0. v = Vo AtB For AB..76531mg =0 vJ = 15. determine the velocity of the conveyor belt if the boxes are to have a zero velocity at B. Find: Vo v=O fJk = 0.40. Knowing that fJk = 0. ..76531)W = -0.7653Img 1 -mvo 2 2 ..015 Vo = 3.12 Boxes are transported by a conveyor belt with a velocity Vo to a fixed incline at A where they slide and eventually fall off at B.40 "i. Down to the left..Wcosl5° N = Wcos15° =0 UA-B = -(0.F = 0 N . SOLUTION Given: AtA.PROBLEM 13.

13 In an ore-mining operation.PROBLEM 13.144 = 756 y = -/756 2. v and stops suddenly.6999 v = 12. Determine the maximum allowable horizontal speed v of the crane.2)(2.5045 ft h 30 .70 ft/s ~ .-/756 = -mv2 2 v2 1 - mg(2. Find: Maximum allowable velocity v 1 1j = -mv2 2 UI-2 = -mgh d = 12 ft r r y2 = 900 = . The bucket is to swing no more that 12 ft horizontally when the crane is brought to a sudden stop.5045) = 0 = 2g(2.289 v = 12.5045) v2 = 2(32. SOLUTION Given: Crane moves at velocity.5045) = 161. Bucket is to swing no more than 12 ft horizontally.y = 30 . a bucket full of ore is suspended from a traveling crane which moves slowly along a stationary bridge.

Find: Maximum horizontal distance. d moved by the bucket.5266 d = 9.55279t d2 = 90.PROBLEM 13.53 ft <III . Refer to Problem 13. v = 10 ft/s and stops suddenly. The crane is traveling at a speed of 10 ft/s when it is brought to a sudden stop.2 + 1.7562 = 9.55279 ft .13 free body.Wh = 0 h = 2 50 g = . a bucket full of ore is suspended from a traveling crane which moves slowly along a stationary bridge.2Q_ = 32. -2 AB = (30) = d2 l = d2 + (30 d 1. 11 = -J 2 mv: 7 1W = --(10 2g ft )2 = 50- W g UI_2 = -Wh 50W g . SOLUTION Given: Crane moves at velocity. Determine the maximum horizontal distance through which the bucket will swing.14 In an ore-mining operation.

= 41. Car A strikes rear of car B.9 = Distance traveled by car B after braking.9837) = S.9pfgcosSO N d= .295 + 5) = 9._!_mv~ = (-mgsinSo 2 Car A: d = __ . determine the speed of car A just before the collision. travel to contact U1--.F)d -=2 !.181 m traveled by B For car A.ID 9. Car B skids to A stop.>C 1 = TA -1i = -mvA2 2 +5) - 12 -mvi 2 (-pfgsinSO)(d = _!_pfV~_ 2 _!_pf(10)2 2 .pf(lOf = _ pfgsinSO + O. Neglecting air resistance and rolling resistance and assuming a coefficient of kinetic friction of 0. vA Let d Ilk = 0.50 2 = (-9. then strikes the rear. whose driver had not observed that car B was slowing down.81sin5°)(5.81(sin5° + 0.PROBLEM 13.9.!_v~ .. . of car B. Find: Speed of car A before collision. Car A. ••• SOLUTION CarB: Given: Car B towing car A uphill at a constant speed of 10 mls .087 .81)(0.181 12 -VA 2 VA .9cos5°) d ID (9.15 Car B is towing car A with a S-m cable at a constant speed of 10 mls on an uphill grade when the brakes of car B are fully applied causing it to skid to a stop.

"'" 9 ~QB Car A brakes for 4 wheels skid.8. The masses of the cars A and B are 140'0' kg and 120'0'kg. T UI-2 = [T . and the coefficient of kinetic friction is 0'. ___r.8NA = 26DD(9. • _ SOLUTION 5' rOo 9 I.88) :: T2 -11 (T - D..0'5 kN . setting or change gears.PROBLEM 13.__ Given: Car B tows car A at 10'mls uphill.8 Car B continues in same gear and -throttle setting. determine (a) the distance traveled by the cars before they come to a stop. d.16 Car B is towing car Aat a constant speed of 10' mls on an uphill grade when the brakes of car A are fully applied causing all four wheels to skid .8(14DD)(9. Neglecting air resistance and rolling resistance. (b) the tension in the cable.D. The driver of car B does not change the throttle.0'00 N'm d = 11.81)cos5°)IL88 ='_140'0' (10')2 2 (T - 10'945) = -5892 = 5. lik = 0'.' Find: (a) Distance.81)cossoJd = -130'. .88 m" (b) Cable tension.8NAJ(11. respectively.-.0'53 kN T = 5. traveled to stop (b) Tension in cable Ns (a) Pi = traction force (from equilibrium) 9 U>s5 F 4 Pi = (1400g)sinSo + (12DDg)sin S° = D. A -~F N" NA""'Ioo =rr. ~I. \ .8[I400{9.81)sin5° For system: A + B UI-2 =[(Fi -14DDgsinso-12DDgsin5°)-F]d 0' ~mA+Bv2 = T2 -1] = Since = -~(26DD)(lD)2 0' (Fi -14DDgsin5° -12DOgsin5°) = -Fd = -o.

17 A trailer truck has a 4400-lb cab and an 18.000-lb trailer..0.000 Ib)(88 ftls)z 32. 40% of braking force from cab. It is traveling on level ground at 60 rni/h and must slow down to a stop in 3000 ft... .8 lb . Determine (a) the average braking force that must be supplied.86 (b) Cab considered separately ft) FB FB =0 = 8981b .000Fe .2 ftls 2.. (b) the average force in the coupling if 60 percent of the braking force is supplied by the trailer and 40 percent by the cab.. 0. 18.000 lb trailer on level ground.2 0.400 lb + 18.(3000 FB = 897. SOLUTION Given: 4400 lb cab.780 lb Fe =0 = 182. Find: (a) Average braking force (b) Average force in the coupling (a) Trailer and cab together VI = (60 mi/h] (528~ rm VI ft) (~) V 3600 s z == 0 = 88 ftls = 88 ftls 11 + UI_Z 11 = = = Tz 11 = !(mT 2 + mc)( vI)z (!)( 2 1 z)(4. Truck comes to a stop in 3000 ft.40(897.86)(3000) Fe = 182.6936 x 106 ft-lb (2.40 F. __ .693 x 106 ft-lb] . 60% of braking force from trailer.52909 x 106 ft -lb FB = 897.. 11 = _1 (we)(vlf = 2g (1 ) (4400)(88)z 2 32.86 X 106 + 3.PROBLEM 13...52909 = 0.

. X = 0 = 3960 ft. if the trail r brakes fail. _x. F.45 F.__ .2) = 2...1645 x 106 ft-lb 11 + UI_2 = With X T2 2. = 546 Ib ..6936 11 + UI_2 = (b) Trailer considered x 106 ft-lb (From Problem T2 2.6936 xl 06 - 6 OX = 0 X = 3960 ft ..PROBLEM 13..-fA} 1111 h --""'=-. Find: (0) Di tanceX b) Force in coupling 0) Trailer and cab VI = 88 ftJ 13. determine (0) how far the trailer truck will travel before coming to a top... Knowing that it i traveling on level ground at 60 milh and that all average braking force of 680 Ib i applied...1645 x J 06 = 3960F.000 Ib trailer. . SOLUTION Given: 4400 Ib cab A 18. I = 2g (v)2 = I I (18000)(8)2 2(32. 680 Ib on level ground. Fc = 546. 2.1645 x 106 - F..18 ~ . trailer truck has a 4400-lb cab and an I OOO-ibtrailer. eparately Wr T. b) the average fore in the coupling between the cab and th trailer if the brakes on the trailer fail and all of the braking force i uppli d by the cab. rage braking force. to com to a top...17) 11 = 2.

I-N downward force. Ignore friction and the rna of the and a 10-kg is applied to the support at replaced by a pulleys.6 + (WA)(XA) .19 The sy tern shown. (a) Determine the velocity of A just before it hits C. replacedbya98.6 2 .72 -117. SOLUTION Given: System at rest when 500 N force i applied to collar A.(WB)(XB) m) = (500 m) + (20 kg x 9. Find: (a) Velocity.(10 kg x 9.72 300 J .81 m/s )(1. No friction. downward Kinematics (a) Blocks A and B 7J T2 = = 0 ~(IO kg)(2vA)2 + ~(20 kg)(v/) T2 = (30 kg)(VA)2 UI_2 UI_2 = (500)XA N)(0. Ignore pulleys mass. (b) Solve part a as uming that the counterweight B is 98.PROBLEM 13.1 N IfcounterweightBi force.2 UI_2 m) = = 300 + 117.81 m/s2)(0. consisting of a 20-kg collar A counterweight B i at rest when a constant 500-N force collar A. (b) vA v A of A ju t before it hits C.

48 mls'" . mls'" Ii = 0 The work done is the same as in part (a) UI-2 = 300 J 0+ 300 J = (10 kg)v~ v~ = 30 VA = 5.19 CONTINUED 0+ 300 J = (30 kg)v~ V~ = 10 (b) VA = 3.16 Since the 10 kg mass at B is replaced by a 98. kinetic energy at ® is.1 N force.PROBLEM 13.

18 m) = -7.0632 J v~ = 3. Determine (a) the speed of A just before impact.Ep = 24. h = 0.8793 vA = 1.81 mls2)(0. dissipated by the pulley friction.PROBLEM 13.20 The 10-kg block A and the 4-kg block B are both at a height h = 0. Find: (a) vA just before block A hits the ground.5) A . v~ = v~ = 3. Ep. Energy dissipated by pulley 0+ 29.5) .WB(O.5 m above the ground when the system is released from rest.5316 T2 + U2-3 = 73.0632. = 4. 2v~ = 7.708 e. (b) the amount of energy dissipated by axle friction in the pulley.Ep. (b) Energy. Block B reaches a height of 1. 73 = 0 Tension in the cord is zero.71 J ~ . After A hits the ground without rebound it is observed that B reaches a maximum height of 1. SOLUTION Given: rnA = 10 kg.5m System released from rest. rnB = 4 kg.879 mls ~ From Q) to ® Blocks A and B.722 Ep = 4. Block A hits the groundwithout rebound.43 .18 m.5316 (b) "e = VA = 1. (a) VB at ® = VA at ® just before impact. 11 = Just before impact T2 = ° = _!_(10+ 4)(1.18 m.8793)2 2 24. thus U2-3 = -(4 kg)(9. Block B CD from ® to @.722 J UI_2 Ep = = W (0.

Neglecting the masses of the puUeys and the effect of friction in the pulleys and between the blocks and the incline.21 The two blocks shown are released from rest.4444vA 2 17.5)(0. (b) The tension T in the cable.818)2 2 = 16.016 N .PROBLEM 13. determine (a) the velocity of block A after it has moved 0. (b) the tension in the cable.5 m.5) !(10)(1. Find: (a) Velocity of Block A. UI_2 = dB = -dA 3 I WA(sin30o)dA - WB(sin30o)dB 0~5) = 10(9.( 8)( 2 2 -vA 3 )2 = 5.8175 (b) For A alone UI_2 = WA(sin30o)dA .985 Nvrn 21 = -1 ( 10) vA +.4444v.81)(sin300)( = 17.02 N ~ T = 16. (a) Constraint: Also.81)(sin30o){O.517 T = 16.985 = 5.T(0. SOLUTION Given: Blocks A.5) - T(dA) = = ~mA(vA)2 10(9.5 m.5) _ 8(9.81)(0.' VA = 1. vA' after moving down dA = 0. B released from rest and friction and masses of pulleys neglected.

25 Constraint: The blocks move. determine (a) the velocity of block A after it has moved 0.81)(0.2)(0. New condition of friction between blocks and the incline I1s = 0.5)(0..PROBLEM 13.20.81)(0.5 m.5) 0~5) _ 8(9.81)(0.25 and 11k = 0.21.20 = 0.334 > 0.5m.22 The two blocks shown are released from rest.(10)(9..5) .81)(0.866)(0.25 11k = 0.5) -10(9. in the cable Check the static friction required for equilibrium.( . Neglecting the masses of the pulleys and the effect of friction in the pulleys and knowing that the coefficients of friction between both blocks and the incline are I1s = 0.81)(0. Find: (a) vA After Block A has moved down dA .2)( = 17. (b) the tension in the cable.5)( 0~5) _ 8(9.866)(0. SOLUTDION Given: Same initial conditions as Problem 13..1' ~ (b) Tension. T .81)(0.I1s (8)(9.224 N·m (Gravity) (Friction) . T. vA + 3vB = 0 = 0 =0 = 10(9.866) 3T .81)(0.5) + I1s (10)(9.761 = 7.985 -10.866) I1s = 0.mAg(sin30o) + I1smAg( cos30o) = 0 T .81)(0.(8)(9.

5) 6.2)(0.5)(0.789N T = 18..22 CONTINUED = 5.PROBLEM 13...152 mls VA = 1.866)(0.81){0. .T(O.5) = = 18.152)2 2 -1()(9.152 mls hO" .444v~ = UI-2 VA = 1..5) = !(10){1.6348 T .79N .81){0... (b) A alone: UI-2 = 10(9.

hc:.8) UI_2 = (3)(3 kg) x 9. ... (b) the velocity of package 3 as it leaves the belt at A..632 J o + 70.. (a) Package I falls off the belt. 2.=.. package 1 leaves the belt at A just as package 4 comes onto the inclined portion of the belt at B.PROBLEM 13.81 mls2 (0.8) = 70.632 = 4.5vi V2 vi = 15. Package I leaves the belt as package 4 comes onto the belt. SOLUTION Given: Conveyor is disengaged. Find: (a) Velocity of package 2 as it leaves the belt atA."""" Four 3-kg packages are held in place by friction on a conveyor which is disengaged from its drive motor.696 v2 = 3. packages held by friction and system is released from rest..96 mls . Neglect mass of belt and rollers. and 2. (b) Velocity of package 3 as it leaves the belt at A..~.. Neglect the mass of the belt and rollers..8 m 3 T2 = T2 = 3[~mvi] ~(3 kg) vi 2 UI_2 = (3)(W)(0...:.9618 = 3.23 ... When the system is released from rest... Determine (a) the velocity of package 2 as it leaves the belt at A...4 = 0. 3 4 move down..

81 m/s2)(0.088 = 31. and 3 and 4 move down 2 ft.. .088 J T2 + U2-3 = T3 = 47. = (2)[~mvf ] = (3 kg)( vf) U2-3 = 2(W)(0.60 m/s ..PROBLEM 13.088 J T-.6029 V3 = 5. B T2 T2 T2 = (2)[~mv~] = (3 kg)(15.8) = U2-3 (2)(3 kg x 9.23 CONTINUED (b) Package 2 falls off the belt and its energy is lost to the system.088 + 47...392 V3 = 3vf vf = 5.696) = 47.8 m) = 47.

.683 rnIs ...974 ..!. collar C is removed and blocks A and B continue to move.2 _m _Ill r. Find: vA' just before it strikes the ground.PROBLEM 13.886 = -1 ( mA 2 + m8 ) v22 = -18 ( 5.632 = 12vi vi Position 2 to position 3 . Collar C removed after blocks move 1.J Two blocks A and B.8 = 0+ 70.834 = 1. before C is removed from the system .27..974 U2'-3 = -27. are connected by a cord which passes over pulleys as shown.mo)g(1. Position I to position 2 7J = 0 0·6 1.( m A + m B + me) 2 2 kg)vi vi = ... T2 = 5.8 m.(24 = 12vi m) 70. A 6-kg collar C is placed on block A and the system is released from rest.8 m.. _L 6' T2 = T2 . Determine the speed of block A just before it strikes the ground..468 J T2 + U2'_3 = T3 = V3 52.I ® At 2..!.2111 .68345 = 9vi VA vi = 2. of mass 8 kg and 10 kg.8 m) = (8 + 6 -IO)g(1. ~ t1. me = 6 kg System released from rest.632 J UI_2 UI_2 = (mA + me .24 t~ I r(}.6ul r: A •. respectively. After the blocks move 1..886 ) = 2 52.468 = 1. mB = 10 kg. SOLUTION Given: mA = 8 kg.. .

SOLUTION Given: A 0. F5 o·SU ~= UI_2 0 T2 = ~mv2 = ~(0.5063 Vrnax = 1.7 lb block rests on a 0.0.7x .5 lb block (0) t \tJ:O·7)b - (b) maximum height reached by the 0.872 ft/s ~ .ax .5 ).I + U1_") - = T.5-lb block.077778)2] v. = 1.. The upper block is suddenly removed.5 v 2 = tf(1.::: 4g[ 0.5 lb block occurs while the spring is still in contact .}2 = 0.%x2 0. the force in the spring is 1.5-lb block supported by but not attached to a spring of constant 9 lb/ft.5x = 2 0.- .7-lb block rests on top of a 0...kx F.5 lb block which is not attached to a spring of constant 9 lb/ft.2 lb.1 ~_ Ie?) F'.7x .25 A 0. Find: (a) Vrnax of 0. - = 0.ax . (b) the maximum height reached by the O..e. upper block is suddenly removed.87249 Vrnax = 1.. i.-x 2 9 Vrnax when - dv dx = 0 = 0.7(0. the force in the spring equals the weight of both blocks.9x ~ x = 0.5 lb block At the initial position (1). 1.7 . Determine (a) the maximum velocity reached by the 0. with the block..::: 3.077778) .PROBLEM 13. = 1.2 .5-lb block. Thus at a distance x._ _0.9x)dx .2 .9x 1'\1 Max velocity of the 0.077778 ft v.h _ .%(0.25 = --v g 2 T.2 .

.----. = 1.2 Ib 91b/ft x o = 0.08 .2 .. . 13 = 0 I 0.O.2(0.133333 ft F..920 in .16ft h = 1.2.5h = 0.08 .25 CONTINUED (b) .Xo ..Sh) = 0 = 0.133333) -.Sh 2 = 1.JJo I = 1.a@ 1__ £:S~__ Xo = = Initialcompression 1.5.2xo .133333)2 2 9 2 -O.9x Ii = 0.(0..Sh = Ii + U'-3 13: h 0 + (0.O...PROBLEM 13.O.

assuming that the 4-lb block is attached to the spring. 13.5h the integration must be carried out for the total distance.7h .0.2 - 9x)dx .5 lb block.-h 2 h :. SOLUTION (a) Same as 13..872 ft/s ..: 1.: 0.867 in.5 lb block attached to the spring.. 0+ 0.. :. UI-3 Since the spring remains attached to the 0.86667 in.26 Solve Prob... (b) With 0.25..155556 ft h :. h :.71b) 9lb/ft 9 2 :.: 1(1.:1.: 1. h.25.: (_2_)(0. refer to figure in (b) of Problem 13.. .:0 :.PROBLEM 13.25 solution for Part (a) Vrnax :.

24 N) = 13.8 nun)] = 340. it must engage the spring at A.(40. 5 m - 2 2 o + 2.24 N Ff = f.8 mrn Total distance = 341 mrn ~ (b) Assume that C does not reach the spring at B because of friction. SOLUTION (a) k8 = 2000N/m kA = 3000N/m Since the collar C leaves the spring at B and there is no friction.81 rnIs2 = 39.734y .PROBLEM 13.734 N UA-D = 2.0408 m = 40. determine the distance through which the collar will travel.ik = 0.5 -13.[(150 mrn) .5 - 1500y2 = 0 y = 0.27 A 4-kg collar C slides on a horizontal rod between springs A and B. assuming (a) no friction between the collar and the rod. If the collar is pushed to the right until spring B is compressed 50 mm and released.35)(39. N = W = 4 kg x 9.35.8 mrn Total distance = (50 rom) + (400 mrn) . (b) a coefficient of friction f. UA - 8- _ (2000 N/m) ( 0 )2 (3000N/m)()2 y O.ik(W) = (0.

27 CONTINUED 0+ 2..734y y = 0 = 0.0 mm The collar must travel 400 -150 + 50 = 300 mm before it engages the spring at B.5 -13. .. Total distance = 182.PROBLEM 13.0 mm . it stops before engaging the spring at B. Since y = 182.18203 m = 182.0 mm..

v2 = 0.750 .mcv2 = . 7j = 0. 1 1 :leX) 111111 SOLUTION (0) Spring constants 3 N/mrn = 3000 N/m 2 N/mrn = 2000 N/m Max deflection at 2 when velocity of C = 0 T2 ® I I r ~1 I vI = 0.9452 rnIs v = 2.)2 + 8.12783 m (b) = 127.3 + YIII) Ym _ (3000 N/m) ( )2 (2000N/m)( 2 0.43(y". It is pushed up into the position shown.579 = 1. T2 = .(1000)(y')2 Substitute -=0 dy' y' -2000(y') = dv2 + 29.579 y".PROBLEM 13.81 rnIs2)(0.43 (Ym) + 12.95 rnIs ~ . = 0.05 m 2 +(3 kg)(9.43(y') 0.5)v2 0. (0.829 + 29. compressing the upper spring by 50 mrn and released.!.28 A 3-kg collar C slides on a frictionless vertical rod.5)v2 2 2 + 29. (b) the maximum velocity of the collar.L '!~ ~ N/"ffITl\ UI_2 = UI_2 - 1·05(Fe)1 dx - %'m(Fe)2dx + W. Determine (0) the maximum deflection of the lower spring.8 mrn ~ Maximum velocity occurs as the lower spring is compressed a distance y' 7j = 0.!.) 7j + UI_2 = T2: 0 -IOOO(Yn'/ + 29.0002165 + 0.3 + )2 YIII) = 3.5y2 y2 = 2.014715 m + 12. -0. = 0 .014715 m y' = 0.(3 kg)v2 = (1. = 0 y".43306 + 12.579 = (1.1000(y".43 = 0.

3333 .20 2 32...0.. = W . }2] x For x = 0.2 .kB(~)2 2 2 2 =0 = ..!.. The block is held in the position shown with both springs unstretched when the support is removed and the block is released with no initial velocity.(W)v2 2 g ~[~(.!.kAx) _ k: (2x) -144(x) . (b) the maximum velocity achieved by the block.(I44 lb/ft )(~ ft)2 2 12 (1)2 ft 12 1 --(I44lb/ft) 2 ? 3.12 IY'ln SOLUTION (a) W = Weight of the block = 20 lb = xB "2 1 XA gravity spring A spring B VI_2 = (20 lb )(~ 12 ft) .20 ) v2 32.29 A 20-lb block is attached to spring A and connected to spring B by a cord and pulley.2222 ..22222 = -1 ( .0..0.(144 + 36)x 0.. (b) Let x = Distance moved down by the 20 lb block VI ? -- = W(x) ..g(2x) (= 144 = = 20 = 20 .111111 ft 1.PROBLEM 13.2 v = 1.!..2 ) v? ftls .33333 in.) V = 2. determine (a) the velocity of the block after it has moved down 2 in.89148 Vrnax = 1. IJ 4.111111. Knowing that the constant of each spring is 12 lb/in.88889 .kAx)2 . Vrnax = 1.!.892 ..638 f'tIs .5 = -1 ( .

56 ft/s <l1li .!. (b) the maximum velocity achieved by the block. The block is held in the position shown with spring A stretched I in.PROBLEM 13. IJ t. and spring B unstretched when the support is removed and the block is released with no initial velocity..30 A 20-lb block is attached to spring A and connected to spring B by a cord and pulley.( 144 lb/ft )(_!_ ft)2 12 2 12 12 _.(I44lb/ft)(0. determine (a) the velocity of the block after it has moved down 1 in. Knowing that the constant of each spring is 12 lb/in.125 1 = -2 ( --20 ) v2 32.5 . gravity VI 2 spring A spring B - = (20 Ib )(_!_ ft) .5640 ft/s v = 2.0.2 v = 2.66667 + 0.!.5 2 ft)2 VI ') -- = 1.12Ib1ilO. SOLUTION (a) W = Weight of the block = 20 Ib Block moves down at release after spring A is stretched 1 in.. 1'\ l • 12 U u.

177778 ft 20(0.) = 32 180 = 0.56889 !(~)V2 2 32.-(144) 2 12 2 (X)2 2 ="2 32..0264 = 3.PROBLEM 13.30 CONTINUED (b) Let x = Distance moved down by the 20 lb block U.!.-(144) .5 . 177778} + 0.56889 = 3._) 12 -144(~) 4 = 20 .5 .2 v o = dx !!_[!(~)V2] 2 32.36x 2. 2 - = 1.2 Vmax Vmax = 3.. ( x .177778 ft(= For U'_2 = x = 0.144x + 12 .0._. 20x + -(144) (1)2 2 12 1 ( 20 ) 2 1 1 . .1333 in.72(0.03 ft/s .1)2 .5556 + 0.64222 .094444}2 .0..0.2 x = 20 - (144}(X .