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Part VI UMTS Planning with Atoll

Contents
Planning workflow BH trial configuration UMTS project in Atoll Propagation models Equipment / Antennas Sites / Transmitters / Cells Prediction - Coverage by transmitter / Pilot signal level Neighbours / Scrambling codes automatic allocation BH trial services definition Atoll UMTS service parameters Monte-Carlo simulation Predictions - Ec/Io; Eb/No; Handoff status; Pilot pollution; SC Interference Predictions - HSDPA / HSUPA Point analysis tool ACP Tool - Capesso

Planning Workflow

6 • Antenna = 18dBi / 65º Beamwidth / 4º Tilt (+ variable additional electrical downtilt) • Height: 30m • 35 three-sectored sites (0° 120° 240º) • Cable Loss: 2dB • Node B Noise Figure: 2dB • Node B Maximum Output Power: 43dBm • Pilot Power = 33dBm • SCH Power = 21dBm • Other CCH Power = 30dBm • Active Set Threshold: 5dB .1GHz • Bandwidth = 5MHz (1 Channel) • Orthogonality Factor: 0.BH Trial Configuration • Planning only for “Contorno” region • Band = 2.

Starting a Project Menu File New / Project templates (UMTS HSPA) .

km) Menu Tools Options .g.Projection / Units • Define projection (e. dBi.g. Long/Lat .g. dBd / W.depends on the map • Define power and length units (e. dBm / m.WGS 84) . WGS 84 / UTM zone 23S) • Define display coordinate system (e.

etc Menu File Import . vector data. DTM (Digital Terrain Model).Import Geographic Data Files • Import clutter classes.

Import Geographic Data Files • Clutter classes: .

Import Geographic Data Files • Clutter classes: .

Import Geographic Data Files • Heights (DTM = Digital Terrain Model): .

Import Geographic Data Files • Heights (DTM = Digital Terrain Model): .

Import Geographic Data Files
• Vectors:

Import Geographic Data Files
• Vectors:

Clutter Classes + DTM + Vectors

Focus Zone Polygon Explorer window Geo tab Zones Focus Zone Draw (or Import) .

Computation Zone Polygon Explorer window Geo tab Zones Computation Zone Draw (or Import) .

Clutter Properties Explorer window Geo tab Clutter Classes Properties .

Clutter Properties Explorer window Geo tab Clutter Classes Properties .

Propagation Models Explorer window Modules tab Propagation Models .

Standard Propagation Model .

Propagation Model Calibration • Import CW Measurements Explorer window Data tab CW Measurements New .

Propagation Model Calibration • Displaying CW Measurements route .

Propagation Model Calibration Explorer window Modules tab Propagation Models Standard Propagation Model Automatic Calibration .

Cost-Hata Model .

Site Equipment Explorer window Data tab Sites Equipment Open Table .

Channel Element Consumption Explorer window Data tab Sites Equipment Channel Element Consumption .

Site Creation Explorer window Data tab Sites New .

Sites Table
Explorer window Data tab Sites Open Table

Sites + Vectors + Focus Zone

Antennas
Explorer window Data tab Antennas

Antennas Explorer window Data tab Antennas (any antenna) Properties .

Antennas Explorer window Data tab Antennas (any antenna) Properties .

Frequency Bands Explorer window Data tab Frequency Bands .

Transmitter Equipment Explorer window Data tab Transmitters Equipment ● BTS TMA Feeder ● ● .

Transmitter Creation Explorer window Data tab Transmitters New .

Transmitters Table Explorer window Data tab Transmitters Open Table .

Cell Creation Explorer window Data tab Transmitters (any transmitter) Properties .

Cells Table Explorer window Data tab Transmitters Cells Open Table .

Predictions Explorer window Data tab Predictions New Don’t need Monte-Carlo Simulation (cell loads) Need Monte-Carlo Simulation (cell loads) .

Coverage by Transmitter Explorer window Data tab Predictions New Coverage by Transmitter .Prediction .

Prediction .Pilot Signal Level Explorer window Data tab Predictions New Coverage by Signal Level .

Pilot Signal Level .Prediction .

1 43.2 17.2 40.4 11.3 14.4 34.9 0 -100 -99 -98 -97 -96 -95 -94 -93 -92 -91 -90 -89 -88 -87 -86 -85 -84 -83 -82 -81 -80 -79 -78 -77 -76 -75 -74 -73 -72 -71 -70 -69 -68 -67 -66 Best Signal Level (dBm) CDF % 98 92 86 81 75 69 63 58 52 46 40 35 29 23 17 12 6 0 -100 -99 -98 -97 -96 -95 -94 -93 -92 -91 -90 -89 -88 -87 -86 -85 -84 -83 -82 -81 -80 -79 -78 -77 -76 -75 -74 -73 -72 -71 -70 -69 -68 -67 -66 -65 Best Signal Level (dBm) .5 8.Pilot Signal Level Explorer window Data tab Predictions % (Coverage by Signal Level) Histogram… Histogram 49 46.6 31.9 23 20.6 5.Prediction .7 28.8 2.8 25.3 37.

Neighbours Automatic Allocation Explorer window Data tab Transmitters Cells Neighbours Automatic Allocation .

Neighbours Automatic Allocation .

Scrambling Codes Automatic Allocation Explorer window Data tab Transmitters Cells Primary Scrambling Codes Automatic Allocation .

2kbps • Video: 64kbps • HSDPA: DL: 1Mbps (average) UL: 256kbps (average) • HSUPA: DL: 256kbps (average) UL: 1Mbps (average) .BH Trial Services Definition • Voice: 12.

2 12.2 64 64 Maximum Power (dBm) 21 30 21 30 Required CE 1 1 4 4 .2kbps Video 64kbps Required Eb/No UL 5dB 3dB DL 7dB 5dB RAB Voice 12.2kbps Video 64kbps UL DL UL DL Data rate (kbps) 12.BH Trial Services Definition • UE Antenna Gain: 0dBi • UE Height: 1.5m • UE Noise Figure: 7dB • Body Loss = 3dB (for voice service only) • Active Set Size = 3 • Ec/Io min = -14dB RAB Voice 12.

R99 Radio Bearers Explorer window Data tab UMTS Parameters Services R99 Radio Bearers .

Services Explorer window Data tab UMTS Parameters Services .

Services Explorer window Data tab UMTS Parameters Services .

Mobility Types Explorer window Data tab UMTS Parameters Mobility Types .

Eb/No per R99 Radio Bearer Explorer window Data tab UMTS Parameters Services R99 Radio Bearers (any radio bearer) Record Properties .

Terminals Explorer window Data tab UMTS Parameters Terminals Voice / Video .

Terminals Explorer window Data tab UMTS Parameters Terminals HSDPA .

Terminals Explorer window Data tab UMTS Parameters Terminals HSUPA .

User Profiles Explorer window Data tab UMTS Parameters User Profiles .

Environments Explorer window Data tab UMTS Parameters Environments .

Raster) Create Map .Traffic Map Explorer window Geo tab Traffic New Map (Map Bases On Environments .

UMTS Simulations Explorer window Data tab UMTS Simulations New .

UMTS Simulations (Monte-Carlo) .

Admission rejected) • 2) Active set determination: The active set is determined for each mobile. The mobile is rejected if the calculated required transmit power is higher than the maximum mobile transmit power (Pmob >Pmob max) • 4) Downlink power control: The transmitter traffic channel power is calculated. The mobile is rejected if the calculated traffic channel power is higher than the maximum traffic channel power allowed (Ptch > Ptch max) • 5) Uplink and downlink interference update: The uplink load factor and total downlink transmit power are updated with these results. i. criteria are verified.e.Number of channel elements available insufficient (Channel element saturation) • 7) Convergence study: The previous iterations are repeated until the simulation converges. either the maximum number of iterations is reached or both. . • 6) Congestion and radio resource control: Mobiles are rejected if any of the following situations occur: .Number of OVSF codes insufficient (Code saturation) .UMTS Simulations (Monte-Carlo) R99 Portion: • 1) Best server determination: The best server is determined for each mobile using Ec/Io criterion.Total downlink power higher than the maximum total downlink power (DL load saturation) . It corresponds to the power required to satisfy the uplink Eb/Nt requirement. The mobile is rejected if the Ec/Io condition is not satisfied or the uplink load factor is higher than the specified limit (Ec/Io pilot < Ec/Io min pilot. • 3) Uplink power control: The mobile transmit power is calculated.Uplink load factor higher than the specified limit (UL load saturation) . It corresponds to the power required to satisfy the downlink Eb/Nt requirement. uplink and downlink.

Users Distribution .

UMTS Simulation Results Explorer window Data tab UMTS Simulations (any simulation) Properties .

UMTS Simulation Results .

Average Simulation Explorer window Data tab UMTS Simulations (any simulation) Average Simulation .

AS Restricted to Neighbours . of DL and UL CEs Used .Compressed Mode .Rake Factor . of DL and UL CEs Due to SHO Overhead . of DL and UL CEs .MUD Factor .Carrier Selection .HSUPA Rate (kbps) .DL and UL Throughput for Each Service .Instantaneous HSDPA Rate (kbps) .No.Max No.Average Simulation Sites .No.Instantaneous HSDPA MAC Throughput (kbps) .Downlink and Uplink Overhead CEs/Cell .

R99 UL and DL Throughput (kbps) .Connection Success Rate (%) .Gain (dBi) .Reuse Factor (UL) . Instantaneous HSDPA Throughput (kbps) .DL Load Factor (%) .R99 UL and DL Throughput Without HO (kbps) .No.Reception Loss (dB) .Instantaneous HSDPA Rate (kbps) .SCH power (dBm) .Number of UL and DL Radio Links .No.Avg.Pilot Power (dBm) .HSUPA Application Throughput (kbps) .HSUPA UL Load Factor (%) .DL R99 Load (% Pmax) .Total Transmitted Power (dBm) .Min TCH Pwr (dBm) .The types of handover as a percentage .BTS Noise Figure (dB) .Available HSDPA Power (dBm) .Other CCH power (dBm) . of Codes (512 Bits) .No.UL Total Noise (dBm) .Max UL Load Factor (%) .Average Simulation Cells .Max DL Load (% Pmax) . of HSUPA Users .Max TCH Pwr (dBm) . of HSDPA Users .UL Load Factor due to HSUPA (%) .Total Transmitted R99 Power (dBm) .UL and DL Noise Rise (dB) .Instantaneous HSDPA MAC Throughput (kbps) . HSDPA RLC Peak Rate (kbps) .AS Threshold (dB) .Reuse Efficiency Factor (UL) .Rejected users .No.UL Load Factor (%) .Min.Max Power (dBm) .Avg TCH Pwr .Max HSDPA RLC Peak Rate (kbps) . of Simultaneous HSDPA Users .Transmission Loss (dB) .HSDPA Application Throughput (kbps) .

33 Mbps 2.15 Mbps - Result 1451.6%) UL Rate (R99) 7.86 Mbps HSUPA 11.2%) 8.16 (99.8 Mbps Video 64kbps 127.94 (98.82 UL Rate (R99) 7.87 Mbps 130.9%) HSUPA 15.2kbps Video 64kbps HSDPA HSUPA 1468.12 7.19 Mbps 2 Mbps - HSDPA / HSUPA Service Rate HSDPA 56.Trial Simulation Results Request Service Voice 12.87 Mbps 8.1%) 7.33 Mbps 33.9%) connected to a R99 RAB Service Users DL Rate (R99) Voice 12.288.2kbps 1277.23 8.8 Mbps 8.39 Mbps .95 (98.64 16.26 (92.81 users trying to connect Users DL Rate (R99) 1.57 (92.19 Mbps HSDPA 31.

Elts saturation: DL Load Saturation: Multiple causes: Code saturation: Admission rejection: HSDPA Delayed: HSDPA Scheduler Saturation: HSUPA Scheduler Saturation: 0 3.76 (1.99 10.01 0 0 0 0 1.Trial Simulation Results Result 27.9%) user rejected or delayed Pmob > PmobMax: Ptch > PtchMax: Ec/Io < (Ec/Io)min: UL Load Saturation: Ch.96 10.9 0.9 0 0 Reasons .

Predictions Need Monte-Carlo Simulation (cell loads) .

Ec/Io .Prediction .Voice Explorer window Data tab Predictions New Pilot Reception Analysis (Ec/Io) .

Eb/No (DL) .Voice Explorer window Data tab Predictions New Service Area (Eb/Nt) Downlink .Prediction .

Prediction .Eb/No (UL) .Voice Explorer window Data tab Predictions New Service Area (Eb/Nt) Uplink .

Prediction .Effective Service Area .Voice Explorer window Data tab Predictions New Effective Service Area .

Voice No Handoff Softer Soft Softer-Softer Softer-Soft Soft-Soft Data tab % area 67.2 4.4 0 4.2 Predictions New Handoff Status .Voice Explorer window Handoff Status .2 18.Handoff Status .Prediction .8 5.

Prediction .Voice Explorer window Data tab Predictions New Pilot Pollution .Pilot Pollution .

Prediction .SC Interference Zones Explorer window Data tab Predictions New Scrambling Codes Interference Zones .

Prediction .HSDPA App Throughput Explorer window Data tab Predictions New HSDPA Coverage .

HSUPA App Throughput Explorer window Data tab Predictions New HSUPA Coverage .Prediction .

Point Analysis Tool • Profile Tab .

Point Analysis Tool • Reception Tab .

Point Analysis Tool • AS Analysis Transmitters of the mobile active set (grey zone)65 Lower limit of the active set (best pilot quality .Active set threshold) Best server threshold to be part of the active set (depending on the mobility type) Pilot and service availability in UL and DL .

Building a UMTS Project • 1) Define projection / import geographic data files • 2) Network design: sites / transmitters / cells • 3) Calibrate propagation model using CW measurements • 4) Pilot studies based only on signal reception • 5) Neighbour / scrambling codes allocation • 6) Traffic description (activity probabilities).Summary . traffic map design • 7) Simulations .realistic user distribution generation • 8) Coverage and point prediction studies .

Capesso Site Location • Greenfield site deployment for new areas • Greenfield site deployment for new areas • Vector + area deployment • Vector + area deployment Site Selection • Site selection + RF configuration for UMTS overlay on GSM • Site selection + RF configuration for UMTS overlay on GSM • Automatic efficiency analysis • Automatic efficiency analysis Better Plans • Parameter configurations to improve network designs. plans • Parameter configurations to improve network designs. plans • Highly efficient “what if” analysis • Highly efficient “what if” analysis .Automatic Cell Planning Tool .

etc.Greenfield Greenfield data in ATOLL Automatic site location in ATOLL Greenfield: Site location for all radio technologies Best site deployment: number of sites. az. 2 Very large areas in a few minutes (>350km2 in less than 10min) Both area deployment and vector deployment supported Full verification of results and further processing in ATOLL . location. tilt.Capesso .

Greenfield .Capesso .

Greenfield .Capesso .

078557 sec/loc).672 sec (2. 976 location(s) have been analyzed in 76. .130 sec/site).Greenfield Manual Planning (35 Sites) Capesso Greenfield (36 Sites) 36 site(s) have been created in 76.672 sec (0.Capesso .

Greenfield Manual Planning (35 Sites) Capesso Greenfield (36 Sites) .Capesso .

Capesso .Optimization .

Capesso .Parameter Ranges .

Capesso .Targets .

Capesso .Optimization Options .

Capesso .

Capesso .

Capesso .Analyzing Changes .

Analyzing Results in Atoll .Capesso .

Capesso .Modifications .

Questions ? .