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IAU Symposium 286

Comparative Magnetic Minima:

Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars

3 – 7 October 2011, Mendoza - Argentina

International Astronomical Union

Instituto de Astronom´ y F´ ıa ısica del Espacio

Universidad Tecnol´gica Nacional Facultad Regional Mendoza o

Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cient´ ıficas y T´cnicas e

Air Force Office of Scientific Research – Southern Office of Aerospace Research and Development

Scientific Committee on Solar-Terrestrial Physics

Committee on Space Research

Sponsorship CONAE Comisi´n Nacional de Actividades Espaciales o CLAF Centro Latinoamericano de F´ ısica ANPCyT Agencia Nacional de Promoci´n Cient´ o ıfica y Tecnol´gica o .

Conference Committees Scientific Organizing Committee Hebe Cremades (Chair) Sarah Gibson (Chair) Thomas Ayres Alisson Dal Lago Daniel G´mez o Manuel G¨del u Gustavo Guerrero Margit Haberreiter Jeffrey Hall Johanna Haigh Kanya Kusano Cristina Mandrini Georgeta Maris Valentn Mart´ ınez Pillet Andrey Tlatov Ilya Usoskin Adriana V´lio a Local Organizing Committee Cristina Mandrini (Chair) Laura Balmaceda Hebe Cremades Germ´n Cristiani a Sergio Dasso Marcelo L´pez Fuentes o Mar´ Luisa Luoni ıa .

IAU Symposium 286 Tuesday 09:00 IT – J. Cremades & S. DeRosa 09:55 IT – M. Steinitz 09:00 IT – J. Karak 10:15 IT – I. Zolotova 11:15 IT – A. Válio 09:30 CT – R. Hurlburt 17:15 Poster Session (until 19:00) 16:30 CT – J. Poppenhäger 10:50 Coffee Break 10:30 ST – P. Rozanov 12:30 IT – I. Bothmer . Giampapa 15:30 IT – H. Cliver 09:50 CT – R. S. Candelaresi 12:00 CT – M. Isik 16:50 Coffee Break 12:00 CT – K. Vásquez 16:30 CT – A. Bertucci 12:15 CT – X. Munakata 10:35 CT – B. Vaquero 15:15 IT – H. Linker 16:45 Coffee Break 16:15 CT – N. Sokoloff 10:00 CT – B. del Sordo 15:30 IT – A. Vieytes 12:45 CT – S. Mandrini & D. Warnecke 18:30 CT – P. del Toro Iniesta 17:15 Poster Session (until 19:00) 16:45 Publications plans – Meeting Summary C. Choudhuri 09:40 ST – D. Gibson 12:00 IT – E. Elsworth 10:25 ST – L. Schrijver 13:00 Lunch Break 12:15 CT – C. Guhathakurta 12:35 Lunch Break 14:30 Excursion followed by conference dinner 11:15 IT – S. Tlatov 16:15 CT – F. Brun 10:45 Coffee Break 11:45 IT – A. Priest 09:30 CT – M. Saar 11:45 CT – K. Ruiz CT: Contributed Talk IT: Invited Talk KT: Keynote Talk ST: Solicited Talk . Echer 11:45 CT – S. Linsky 16:35 CT – E. Webb – H. Selhorst 15:00 IT – D. Browning 13:00 Lunch Break 16:00 CT – G. Svalgaard 10:15 CT – M. Vargas 10:50 Coffee Break 11:15 IT – E. Thompson 10:45 Coffee Break 10:30 CT – N. Rodríguez Gómez 09:45 IT – A. Mauas 10:15 CT – J. Brandenburg 11:15 IT – W. Batista 13:00 Lunch Break 15:00 IT – M. E. van Driel-Gesztelyi 16:20 CT – J. Miyahara 15:45 Discussion led by K. Guerrero 15:00 IT – A. Haberreiter 12:45 Lunch Break 14:45 IT – J. Korhonen 16:00 ST – L. Muñoz Jaramillo 16:00 CT – J. Zuccarello 18:15 CT – J. Abrevaya 12:30 CT – V. Hill 09:10 KT – E. Schmitt 09:10 IT – A. Thompson 09:45 IT – Y. Gibson 16:45 Coffee Break 17:15 IT – S. de Toma 15:30 IT – M. Dasso 17:45 CT – H. Nandi 12:30 IT – G. Mendoza 11:45 IT – C. Arlt 11:45 CT – M. Schmutz 12:15 IT – R. C. Usoskin 10:45 Coffee Break 11:15 IT – B. Luhmann 09:30 ST – E. López 10:05 IT – K. Schrijver 12:15 ST – M. Cremades 18:00 CT – F. Corona Romero 18:45 CT – M. Monday Wednesday Thursday Friday 08:00 Registration 08:00 Registration 08:50 Welcome words 09:00 IT – F.

Session 1 Solar and Stellar Minima Chairs: Hebe Cremades Sarah Gibson .

ac. These include the nature and structure of the photosphere.IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars The Nature and the Significance of Solar Minima E. Priest University of St 1 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza. the solar wind and the influence on the Earth’s space environment and climate. and its many effects. Scotland. including its cause in a deep-seated dynamo. Argentina . the upper solar The unusual nature of the last solar minimum has awakened an interest in solar minima not just as gaps between maxima. E-mail: eric@mcs. but has of intrinsic interest in their own right. A review is given of the solar cycle. UK Abstract.

which like X-rays vary much more strongly over a cycle than HK. E-mail: mjt@ucar. mainly because the existing heavily-oversubscribed high-energy observatories are ill-suited for time-domain projects. Wilson observatory (no relation) fifty years ago. The Wilson program has been carried on to contemporary times in several guises. thereby mimicking the traditional sunspot counts through which the solar cycle was originally identified. on the other hand. For the stars.” generally found in the lowest activity tier. The latitude migration of the starspots (”butterfly pattern”) can be deduced by changes in the apparent repetition periods owing to differential rotation. Finally. Wilson’s HK program targeted about 150 nearby bright dwarf stars. however. How does one go about charting the ups and downs of a stellar activity cycle? On the Sun.IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars Solar and Stellar Activity Diagnostics and Indices M. starting with simple sunspot counts extending back to the time of Galileo (although the sunspot cycle itself was not recognized until the 19th century). subtle total irradiance changes. over the typical cycle of a Sun-like star. particularly those of low solar-like activity. asteroseismology with high-cadence Kepler data could be used to identify the mode shifts that are known to accompany the rise and fall of the solar cycle. Thompson HAO/NCAR. but also like X-rays are challenging to schedule for long-duration efforts (although some progress was made by the IUE satellite. migration of torsional oscillations. and phenomena possibly related to Maunder-like behavior such as the contemporary steady decay in the average field strengths of sunspots. thanks to its 17 year mission). Very recently. the question has been answered in a variety of ways over the centuries. and he identified solar-like decadal cycles in many of the sample members. The precision photometry delivered by the transit-hunting telescope can track the changing numbers of starspots on even relatively inactive stars. or so. but also erratic variables among the more active objects. dramatic X-ray variations. but only a small handful of objects have been studied in this way so far. The best known stellar effort was that started by Olin Wilson at Mt. The coronal X-ray luminosity potentially is a powerful signature of cycles. which vary by 25%. based on a clever differential measurement of the Ca II H and K chromospheric emissions. The latter ”non-cycling” objects perhaps are analogous to the Maunder-minimum Sun. and extended to measure rotation periods and even differential rotation signatures in the HK time series. the available cycle charting tools not only are much 2 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza. the ”rush to the poles” in the coronal green line. The same is true for ultraviolet emissions. as well as ”flat-liners. and a parallel decline in the average umbral/photospheric temperature contrast. USA Abstract. extending to very recently recognized signatures such as helioseismic mode shifts. It might also be possible to follow subtle long-term luminosity changes with Kepler if the high precision of the photometry can be translated to a high accuracy measurement as well. there are relatively few other good measures of cycling behavior. Argentina . the stellar prospects have brightened with the advent of the Kepler mission. Aside from the HK index. but also the sheer number of potential targets makes for a somewhat daunting observational challenge.

We show that only two adjustments are necessary to harmonize the Group Sunspot Number with the Zurich Sunspot Number.IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars How Well Do We Know Sunspot Number? L. USA Abstract. E-mail: 3 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza. With these adjustments a single sunspot number series results. Of note is that there is no longer a distinct Modern Grand Maximum. The latter being inflated from the 1940s to the present by 20% due to weighting of sunspot counts according to size of the spots. Argentina . The Group Sunspot Number before 1885 is too low by ∼50%. Svalgaard Stanford University.

Session 2 Dynamos and Cycle Variability Chairs: Daniel G´mez o Gustavo Guerrero .

IAU Symposium 286

Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars

Dynamo Action and Magnetic Activity in the Sun and Stars
A. S. Brun and the STARS2 team
CEA-Saclay, France

Abstract. Many stars exhibit magnetic activity with the Sun being the archetype of cyclic active stars. Recent progress in multi-D numerical simulations and observations have now made it possible to draw a more coherent picture on what sets up such magnetic activity. Stellar parameters such as age, mass and rotation rate contribute certainly to explain why some stars have cyclic activity while others do not as they modify the conditions under which the stellar global dynamo operates. Still some difficulties remain as some stars with almost identical stellar parameters seem to exhibit different level of activity or magnetic properties. In this talk we will review the recent progress made by our team to decipher the mystery behind stellar activity. E-mail:


3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza, Argentina

IAU Symposium 286

Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars

Cycles and Cycle Modulation in Large-Scale Turbulent Dynamos
A. Brandenburg

Abstract. Our understanding of solar and stellar dynamos is unfortunately still quite limited. Numerical simulations of convection in spherical shells do produce large-scale magnetic fields, and they are also cyclic, but the magnetic field tends to show poleward migration, contrary to what is seen in the Sun. Although this behavior disagrees with what is seen in the Sun, mean field dynamos also tend to produce poleward migrating magnetic fields. A deeper understanding of the agreement between mean-field models and direct numerical simulations is profitable, because it teaches us details about the theory. Such comparisons with simulations have already taught us that dynamo action is caused by alpha effect and turbulent diffusion, both of which are tensorial integral kernels in space and time. Furthermore, cycle modulation is caused by fluctuations of the dynamo coefficients in space and time. Characterizing such fluctuations has therefore become an integral part of mean-field dynamo theory. The test-field method has become a primary tool for analyzing simulations in this way. E-mail:


3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza, Argentina

IAU Symposium 286

Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars

Solar and Stellar Dynamos: Origins of Variability of Cycle Minima
R. Arlt
Astrophysikalisches Institut Potsdam, Germany

Abstract. It is very likely that the key to understanding the generation of the large-scale magnetic field of the Sun lies in the imperfection of the solar cycle. The diversity of activity minima observed over the last centuries needs to be reproduced in global dynamo models. This review will focus on the possibilities to obtain variability from mean-field dynamos, the two essential ways being the introduction of stochasticity or the introduction of nonlinearities. Another ingredient to the variability of solar and stellar cycles are global, magnetic instabilities. This talk will address the possible interaction between fully periodic dynamo modes and global instabilities which add another time-scale to the system. Current-driven instabilities require a minimum magnetic field strength and can thus act as a limiting mechanism for the growth of the field, and they can in turn provide a contribution or modulation of the alpha-effect, which is most likely the main generator of large-scale magnetic fields. E-mail:


3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza, Argentina

Brandenburg NORDITA. Motivated by coronal mass ejections we consider magnetic helicity fluxes in meanfield and direct numerical simulations. Sweden Abstract. In forced turbulence the shedding of magnetic helicity can alleviate catastrophic alpha-quenching and allow for strong mean magnetic fields at high magnetic Reynolds numbers. but changes from linking to twisting. Candelaresi. It is shown that during reconnection magnetic helicity does not change 8 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza. The restriction of magnetic energy decay due to the presence of magnetic helicity is investigated in the context of its topological interpretation. Even magnetic helicity fluxes withing the domain are shown to alleviate the quenching. Argentina . A.IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars Magnetic Helicity Fluxes and their Effect on the Solar Dynamo S. E-mail: iomsn@physto.

Kolkata. India 9 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza. Nandi Indian Institute of Science Education and Research . plasma flows are used as prescribed inputs to solve for the magnetic field. The magnetic activity of stars such as the Sun originates in their interior through complex interactions between plasma flows and magnetic field. in which. E-mail: dnandi@iiserkol. Argentina . I will review the historical development of kinematic dynamo models of the solar cycle. Present and Future D. highlight current trends and comment on future prospects.IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars Kinematic Dynamo Models of the Solar Cycle: Past. In this A useful tool of modeling this activity is the kinematic approach.

either in space or in time. USA Abstract. M.utoronto. using 3-D MHD simulations of dynamo action in global spherical shells of convection. shear. rotation. S. Brun4 .ca 10 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza. USA 3 HAO/NCAR. USA 4 CEA-Saclay. but a full understanding of the means by which magnetic fields can become organized. Colorado. J. I will focus in particular on some recent results regarding the strength and morphology of fields. A. France 5 U. Wisconsin. B. the presence or absence of magnetic cycles. I will also draw some comparisons between our results and the predictions of mean-field dynamo theory. UK U. and the role of solar/stellar tachoclines. Magnetism exerts a pervasive influence on solar/stellar evolution. Miesch3 . Argentina . I will review what we have learned about each of these ingredients in the dynamo process. Convection.IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars Global MHD Simulations of Stellar Dynamos and the Ingredients for Large-Scale Field Organization M. has remained elusive. and other effects all appear to play roles. Brown2 . Browning1 . E-mail: browning@cita. Toomre5 1 2 University of Exeter.

IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars Dynamo Action and Magnetic Buoyancy in Convection Simulations in Simulated Tachoclines G. the conditions in the solar convection zone and the tachocline. In this seminar I will present the results of numerical simulations of thermal convection including a narrow radial shear layer. One of the existing hypothesis on sunspot formation is the buoyant emergence of magnetic flux tubes created by the strong vertical shear at the tachocline. within the numerical limitations. E-mail: guerrero@nordita. The implications of the results on the sunspot formation process and the solar dynamo are also discussed. Finland Abstract. Sweden Helsinki University. The excitation of dynamo action as well as the buoyant properties of the generated magnetic field are explored under different conditions. The model tries to mimic. the magnetic field has to exceed a threshold value before it becomes buoyant and rises through the convection zone up to the surface. Several physical constrains are required to be fulfilled for this model to be feasible. K¨pyl¨2 a a 1 2 NORDITA. P. Argentina . Guerrero1 . In this 11 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza.

We present results of 3D global. numerical simulations aimed to study the stability and the evolution of the Tayler instability in presence of axial field and differential rotation. 12 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza. del Sordo.IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars Tayler Instability and Stellar Magnetic Fields F. We show the evolution of current helicity generated by the development of the instability and compare numerical simulations with analytical calculation of the growth rate. Sweden Abstract. E-mail: fadiesis@gmail. being an important ingredient in the analysis of stellar magnetic fields. The test-field method is used to quantify the occurence of an alpha-effect. Argentina . The stability properties of magnetic fields in fluids have been subject to debate for decades. Brandenburg NORDITA. Then we discuss this study in the context of stellar dynamos.

P. E-mail: amunoz@cfa. there was some speculation as to whether the solar minimum could lead to a Maunder-like grand minimum which coincided with the Little Ice Age. Argentina . India Abstract. Nandi3 . Here we present the first consistent explanation of the defining characteristics of this unusual minimum based on variations in the solar meridional plasma flows. C. D. Mu˜oz Jaramillo1.IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars Understanding the Origin of the Extended Minimum of Sunspot Cycle 23 A. This work is funded by NASA Living With a Star Grant NNX08AW53G to Montana State University/Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics and the Government of India’s Ramanujan 13 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza. USA Indian Institute of Science Education and Research . and discuss how our results compare with observations.1 n 1 2 3 Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics. H. Martens2.harvard.2 .which is the primary natural driver of the climate system. The minimum of solar cycle 23 was characterized by very weak polar field strength and a large number of sunspot-less days that was unprecedented in the space age. USA Montana State University. This has had significant consequences in the heliospheric space environment in terms of record-high cosmicray flux and low levels of solar irradiance . During this un-anticipated phase.

depth and heliographic location. and the zonal (east-west) flow or torsional oscillation that appears to be tightly correlated with the timing of the cycle. and that the zonal flow associated with cycle 25 has yet to appear. E-mail: fhill@noao. we can track the flows over all of cycle 23. Hill NSO.IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars Helioseismic Probing of Dynamo Related Flows F. Using 16 years of data from GONG. These observations have revealed that the cycle 23–24 minimum was extended by the same length of time that the zonal flow took to migrate to the latitude at which activity appears. Helioseismology now provides us with the ability to track these flows as functions of time. This talk will review the current state of these observations and discuss their implications for dynamo models and the Sun. The most important flows are the meridional (north-south) flow. Large-scale internal bulk flow fields are essential components of solar-cycle dynamo models. and the start of the peculiar cycle 24. SOHO. and SDO. USA 14 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza. which is thought to set the amplitude of the solar cycle in flux-transport dynamos. Argentina .

J. Time series of synoptic maps from the Wilcox Solar Observatory [from 1976 to the present day] and from the Michelson Doppler Imager [from 1995 to the present day] are analyzed in terms of their spherical harmonic decomposition. Such magnetic effects are measurable for many other stars. We further discuss the interplay between the primary [dipole-like] and secondary [quadrupolelike] dynamo families of harmonic modes. Brun2 . Argentina . Hoeksema3 1 2 3 LMSAL. DeRosa1 . 15 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza. S. T. and observations of large-scale solar magnetic fields enables us to make connections with stellar dynamos. L. We illustrate how the rise and decline of the flux emergence rates throughout a sunspot cycle are reflected in the evolution of the various harmonic mode coefficients. USA Abstract. USA CEA-Saclay. France Stanford University.IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars Analyzing the Evolution of the Photospheric Magnetic Field in Terms of Spherical Harmonics and Consequences for the Solar Dynamo M. E-mail: derosa@lmsal. and their role in the reversal of the axial dipole during solar maximum.

Session 3 Comparative Solar Minima from Sun to Earth Chairs: Margit Haberreiter Andrey Tlatov David Webb .

This meeting is aimed at understanding activity minima in the Sun and stars.p. For the Sun. Elsworth University of Birmingham. However. E-mail: y. global oscillations of stars provide a key measure of the internal conditions. this is the topic of helioseismology. Argentina . observations of the Most of the tools that we have for studying the Sun and stars are exterior measures.IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars Helioseismology: A View of the Solar Interior 17 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza. UK Abstract. I will provide an introduction to the topic and will focus on how magnetic activity influences the properties of the oscillations and hence what we can infer from changes in the frequencies. amplitudes and widths of the modes.elsworth@bham.

edu 18 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza. USA Abstract. UK USA University.IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars What is the Sun’s High-Latitude Rotation Doing? M. T. Larson4 . J. Komm3 . Hill3 . Argentina . 2 University 3 NSO. Rempel1 1 HAO/NCAR. and suggest an interpretation for the observed behavior. M. E-mail: mjt@ucar. Schou4 . leading to suggestions that Cycle 25 may be delayed or may even not happen at all. Helioseismology and surface Doppler observations of the Sun’s rotation have revealed a high-latitude branch of the torsional oscillation. P. We present how the high-latitude rotation has behaved from 1996 up to the present time. Thompson1 . R. Howe2 . F. The onset of this high-latitude speed-up has been reported to be absent coming out of the recent solar minimum. R. 4 Stanford USA of Birmingham.

SOLIS NSO. (iii) a flux transport model. Zolotova. SOHO MDI data) is analyzed using: (i) Gnevyshev idea on pulsed structure of sunspot cycle. Petersburg State University.IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars Reconstruction of Magnetic Field Surges to the Poles from Sunspot Impulses N. D.spbu. Russia Abstract. Ponyavin St. The time-latitude diagram of the photospheric magnetic field of the Sun during 1975-2011 (Kitt Peak NSO. Results of modeling are compared with the proxy data on polar field reversals in the past. By means of their fitting the sunspot clusters and poleward surges are reconstructed up to the 10th cycle. Argentina . E-mail: ned@geo. It is demonstrated that poleward migrations of magnetic trailing polarity are closely associated with the impulses of sunspot activity. (ii) Gauss random field approximation of sunspot clustering. V. 19 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza.phys.

2010. Space Res. the PREMOS measurements decide the question which of the two is more correct. Argentina . Finsterle. The calibration has an uncertainty that is smaller than the difference between the discrepant absolute TSI values from VIRGO/SOHO and TIM/ 20 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza. PREMOS measures Total Solar Irradiance and spectral solar irradiance in selected wavelength bands. Sutter PMOD/WRC. A new estimate is derived for a TSI trend between the solar minimum in 1996 and the recent minimum in 2008. 2006. Schmutz W. The PMO6-A instrument of PREMOS is the first radiometer in space. PREMOS is an experiment on the French satellite PICARD consisting of absolute radiometers and filter radiometers. Thus.. M. W.IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars Total Solar Irradiance. which were built by PMOD/WRC (Thuillier G.. This re-analysis questions the published trend of the VIRGO TSI values for 1996 and 1997. 38. The result is that the Total Solar Irradiance value of PMO6-A agrees with TIM/SORCE within its uncertainty and disagrees by more than ten sigma from VIRGO/SOHO. E-mail: werner. Adv. The initial sensitivity changes of the PREMOS radiometers are studied using internal assessment and by relative comparison to other operational TSI measurements. PREMOS is operational since September 6. Switzerland Abstract. 2010. Absolute Value and an Estimate of a LongTerm Trend from Minimum to Minimum W.schmutz@pmodwrc. which has a SI-traceable irradiance calibration in vacuum. Dewitte S. The deduced sensitivity changes for PMO6-type instruments in space leads to a re-investigation of the early VIRGO/SOHO measurements. and first light of PREMOS was on July 27. 1792-1806).. PICARD was launched on June 15. Fehlmann. Schmutz. A.

Mauas1 . 2 LASP. is neutral A niquel (Ni I). and radiation in the near UV plays a fundamental role in the creation and destruction of 21 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza. that contribute to the emission and absorption of radiation in the spectral range between 1900 and 3900 ˚. J.IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars The Ni I lines in the Solar Spectrum M. In this work we improve the atomic model of this element.uba. The stratosphere is the region where the ozone chemistry is important for the balance of energy. Argentina . We solve these lines in NLTE using the Solar Radiation Physical Modeling (SRPM) program and compare the results with observation of the quiet sun spectrum. To investigate if these lines are modified by solar activity we then calculate and compare the same lines with active region spectrum. However. Argentina USA Abstract. One of the most important elements. the radiation in this range of wavelength has not been successfully modeled. Fontenla2 1 IAFE. according to its abundance in the solar atmosphere. P. Vieytes1 . taking into account 490 lines over the spectrum. E-mail: mariela@iafe.

Argentina . we calculate the optically thick radiation based on time-independent 1D atmosphere structures for different activity features of the chromosphere and transition region.haberreiter@pmodwrc. Haberreiter PMOD/WRC. Solar spectral irradiance variations in the UV/EUV are important for the detailed modeling of the Earth’s ionosphere. Second. First. Switzerland Abstract. we employ a spherical integration scheme for the calculation of the coronal spectrum. Our approach involves two main steps. In order to account for the spatial extension of the corona. We present realistic synthetic spectra for this wavelength range. E-mail: margit. The temporal variability of the spectrum is determined from the analysis of solar images. The current state of this analysis as well as the potential to reproduce the observed variability will be presented.IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars Modeling the Solar EUV Variability 22 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza. we use 1D coronal atmosphere structures representing various activity features to calculate the optically thin coronal spectrum.

4 CEA/INPE. To understand the recent spotless period. K. 2 HEPL/Stanford 3 CRAAM. Selhorst1 . Brazil University. it is observed a decrease in both radius and limb brightness intensity at 17 GHz during the present minimum when compared with the previous one: a) the mean solar radius is 0. L. E. J.9 ± 0. As a common result.6 arcsec smaller and b) the limb brightening reduced its intensity by around 20%. USA Brazil Brazil 5 NoRH. we studied the variation of the solar radius and the polar limb brightening at 17 GHz. 23 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza.IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars The Use of 17 GHz Radio Emission to Characterize the Solar Minimum C. comparing the results from the minimum at the end of cycle XXIII with those of the previous one. Japan Abstract. Svalgaard2 . Measurement of the radius and limb brightening at 17 GHz can be used as alternative solar activity index and should be included in the set of parameters used to predict future cycles. R. Argentina . A. the polar limb brightening is highly correlated with the local magnetic field intensities (almost 90%). G. V´lio3 . E-mail: caiuslucius@gmail. Daily maps obtained by the Nobeyama Radioheliograph (NoRH) from 1992 through 2010 were analyzed. Whereas the variation of the solar radius at radio frequencies indicates the heating of the solar atmosphere due to solar activity. Costa4 . C. Both decrements are interpreted in terms of the weaker solar chromospheric activity of the present cycle. Gim´nez de Castro3 . Shibasaki5 e a 1 IP&D/UNIVAP.

de Toma NCAR/HAO. This long solar minimum was characterized by weak polar magnetic fields. At the same time. compare it with the previous minimum.IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars Polar Magnetic Fields and Coronal Holes during the Recent Solar Minima G. and a relatively complex coronal morphology with multiple streamers extending to mid latitudes. low latitude coronal holes remained present on the Sun until the end of 2008 modulating the solar wind at the Earth in co-rotating fast wind streams. USA Abstract. In particular. The slow decline of solar cycle 23 combined with the slow rise of cycle 24 resulted in a very long period of low magnetic activity during the years 2007-2009 with sunspot number reaching the lowest level since 24 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza. we present the evolution of the polar magnetic fields and coronal holes during the past minimum. and discuss the implications for the solar wind near the Earth. smaller polar coronal holes. This magnetic configuration was remarkably different from the one observed during the previous two solar minima when coronal streamers were confined near the equator and fast solar wind was mainly originating from the large coronal holes around the Sun’s poles. Argentina . we examine the changes in the open magnetic flux when the low latitude coronal holes started to close down at the end of 2008 and finally disappeared in 2009 leading to a simpler heliopheric structure. In this talk. E-mail: detoma@ucar.

the summary series of Hα charts cover the period from 1887 up to now. At present. we consider the indices characterizing the minimum activity epoch according to the data on largescale magnetic fields and polar activity. Russia of Terrestrial Magnetism. the global magnetic field correspond to the configuration close to that of an octopole. Obridko2 1 Kislovodsk 2 Institute Mountain Astronomical Station of the Pulkovo Observatoy. and Radio Propagation (IZMIRAN). E-mail: tlatov@mail. N. The polar magnetic field is significantly stronger than the fields at middle and low latitudes in the epoch of minimum activity. the shape of the solar corona and. The northern and southern hemispheres of the Sun have magnetic fields of opposite polarity. The largest amplitude of the dipole component occurred during the interval 1944–1955. During the secular cycle of the global magnetic field of the Sun. Possibly. Argentina . possibly. In the period of minimum activity. which is most pronounced during the epoch of solar activity minimum.5 years. The indices show that the cycle of the large-scale magnetic field of the Sun precedes the sunspot activity cycle by an average of 5. 25 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza. the properties of the global magnetic field of the Sun manifest themselves in the most pronounced way. The magnetic field of the Sun is determined by large-scale structures. comparable to the length of the sunspot group series. During the activity minimum. These indices are the dipole-octopole index and the area and average latitude of the dominant-polarity field in each hemisphere. Russia Abstract. In this presentation. Tlatov1 . the large-scale structure of the solar corona also corresponds to the large-scale configuration of solar magnetic fields. V. The long-term variation of large-scale magnetic fields at different latitudes can be studied using a series of Hα synoptic charts. The Hα charts contain boundaries on the spherical surface separating the positive and negative magnetic polarities.IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars Global Magnetic Fields: Variation of Solar Minima A. the relation between the dipole and octopole components of the magnetic field changes. Ionosphere. a secular modulation of the global solar magnetic field exists. At the turn of the 19th–20th and 20th–21st centuries. Analysis of the coronal shape has revealed a long-term modulation of the global magnetic field of the Sun.

DEMT is being currently applied to the space-based EUV imagers SOHO/EIT. USA Abstract. and b) the 3D distribution of the local differential emission measure (LDEM). We will discuss the connection between the DEMT science with other observational and modeling efforts of the same periods. Argentina . P. W.25 Rsun . E-mail: albert@iafe. The LDEM allows in turn to construct 3D maps of the electron density and temperature distribution. University of Michigan. Huang2 . STEREO/EUVI.IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars The 3D Solar Minimum Corona with Differential Emission Measure Tomography A. A. Argentina of Atmospheric. M. allowing to reconstruct the inner corona in the height range from 1. R. and SDO/AIA. In this talk we will review our results for the different reconstructed rotations.uba. Differential emission measure tomography (DEMT) makes use of extreme ultraviolet (EUV) image series to deliver two products: a) the three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction of the coronal emissivity in the instrumental bands. Shearer2 a 1 Instituto 2 Department de Astronom´ y F´ ıa ısica del Espacio (CONICET-UBA) and FCEN (UBA). Frazin2 . and EIT data of the previous solar minimum (1996). We have applied DEMT to EUVI data of the last solar minimum (2008).ar 26 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza.00 to 1. Manchester IV2 . Z. V´squez1 . discussing the observed 3D density and temperature distributions in the context of global potential magnetic field magnetic extrapolations. Oceanic and Space Sciences.

and persistent isolated equatorial coronal holes. Lionello. USA Abstract. particularly the origin of the slow solar 27 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza. Riley.. Mikic. R. E-mail: linkerj@predsci. Titov Predictive Science. Research supported by NASA and NSF. weaker polar magnetic field strengths. Inc. Argentina . Z. P. Linker. V. These features include many more spotless days. We discuss how the recent unusual minima provides opportunities to test our understanding of the underlying processes that produce the corona and solar wind.IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars Solar Cycle 23 and 24 Minima Seen through the Eyes of Coronal MHD Models J. The mimima preceding solar cycle 24 is characterized by unusual properties when compared with the previous cycle and other space age minima. weaker interplanetary magnetic fields. We compare 3D MHD simulations of the corona during these two intervals to explore the detailed characteristics of the corona during these different time periods.

Surface velocities are extracted from data cubes using a spectral optical flow method and are compared with the characteristics of the corresponding features.IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars Large-Scale Photospheric Flow Patterns around Coronal Structures 28 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza. Hurlburt Lockheed Martin Advanced Technology Center. Argentina . Large-scale photospheric flows in the vicinity of coronal structures are investigated. We identify a set of filaments. E-mail: hurlburt@lmsal. active regions and coronal holes recorded in the Heliophysics Events Knowledgebase (HEK) over the first year of SDO operations. USA Abstract. We use these lists to select subsets of HMI and AIA data for further analysis.

E-mail: jti@iaa. as well as specific properties of a given type of instrument. respectively. Argentina . 2 IAC. Here we discuss general properties of every magnetograph. We derive formulae that give the detection thresholds in terms of the signal-to-noise ratio of the observations and the polarimetric efficiencies of the instrument. We also demonstrate that this type of magnetograph can theoretically reach the optimum polarimetric efficiencies of an ideal polarimeter. Such relationships allow. del Toro Iniesta1 . Spain Spain Abstract. C. Such optics induces changes in the instrument parameters that are also calculated. namely that based on a pair of nematic liquid crystal variable retarders and a Fabry-Perot etalon (or several) for carrying out the light polarization modulation and spectral analysis. V. Mart´ ınez Pillet2 1 IAA-CSIC. to translate scientific requirements for the velocity or the magnetic field into requirements for temperature or voltage stability. The design and later use of modern spectropolarimeters and magnetographs require a number of tolerance specifications that allow the developers to build the instrument and then the scientists to interpret the data accurately. regardless of the optics in between the modulator and the analyzer. Such specifications depend both on device-specific features and on the physical assumptions underlying the particular measurement technique.IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars Assessing Modern Magnetographs and Spectropolarimeters 29 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza. for example. as the detectability thresholds for the vector magnetic field and the line-of-sight velocity. Relationships are also established between inaccuracies in the solar physical parameters and instabilities in the instrument parameters.

LESIA. studies of the heliosphere in periods of solar minima provide good oportunities to improve our understanding of the three dimensional structure of the heliosphere. France 2 Departamento Abstract. presenting its simplest global organization during solar minima. Meudon.2 . M.2 . E-mail: sdasso@iafe.uba. D´moulin3 e 1 Instituto de Astronom´ y F´ ıa ısica del Espacio (UBA-CONICET). The study of the heliosphere has advanced greatly in the last few years. Dasso1. Argentina de F´ ı 30 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza.IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars The Structure of the Heliosphere in Solar Minima and Consequences on Interplanetary Flux Rope Properties S. The synergy from combining modelling with different observational techniques have produced very important progresses in our understanding of different objects in the heliosphere. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales (UBA). Comparisons between models and observations are clarifying several issues of this system. These periods are also natural places to study the manifestation of ’less mixed’ physical processes and their consequences on the evolution of transient objects traveling along relatively clean environments. P. Then. Argentina 3 Observatoire de Paris. with emphasis on properties and dynamical evolution of interplanetary flux ropes propagating in periods with similar characteristics. which are generally present during solar minima. A comparative study of solar wind properties during two solar minima periods will be summarized in this talk. It is well known that the structure of the heliosphere depends on the solar cycle stage. Argentina . with important consequences on Sun-Earth connection and space weather. A. Gulisano1.

E-mail: hebe. The nearly uninterrupted gathering of solar coronal data since the beginning of the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) era offers the exceptional possibility of comparing two solar minima for the first time. from very narrow jet-like events to coronal mass ejections (CMEs). Notable differences arise from the analysis of the detailed survey of events: more (less) ejecta during WHI (WSM). 2 31 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza. Dasso2 1 FRM-UTN/CONICET. Mandrini2 . 1996) and Whole Heliosphere Interval (WHI. Argentina CONICET.IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars Coronal Transients During two Solar Minima: Their Solar Source Regions and Interplanetary Counterparts H. and Solar-Terrestrial Relations Observatory (STEREO. cadence. This study characterizes the variety of outward-travelling transients observed in the solar corona during both time intervals. only WHI) and ground-based observatories were analyzed for coronal ejecta and their solar August 10 . These two campaigns were dubbed Whole Sun Month (WSM. and nearly no (high) deflection from the radial direction was observed during WHI (WSM). while data registered by the Advanced Composition Explorer (ACE) spacecraft were inspected for interplanetary CMEs and magnetic clouds. C.April 16. towards a global-scale description of their role in determining the heliosphere’s conditions. two full solar rotations were investigated in times of two distinct solar minima. Yohkoh (only WSM). 12% (40%) were produced by active regions during WHI (WSM).September 8. and fields of view are considered in order to discern instrumentally-driven disparities from inherent differences between solar minima. Cremades1 . H. Argentina Abstract. Argentina . S. March 20 . Their solar source regions and ensuing interplanetary structures were identified and characterized as well. with regard to the coronal transient aspect. In the frame of two coordinated observational and research efforts.cremades@frm. Multi-wavelength images provided by the space missions SOHO. Instrumental aspects such as dissimilar resolution. 2008).

and velocity as the observed event. P. M. Zuccarello1 . This study shows that during solar minima. S. Jacobs1 . 2 INAF.IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars The Role of Streamers in the Deflection of Coronal Mass Ejections: Comparison between STEREO 3D Reconstructions and Numerical Simulations F. The two-sided view of the STEREO spacecraft allows to reconstruct the three dimensional (3D) travel path of the CME and the evolution of the CME source region. Zuccarello4 1 KULeuven. 2009 a Coronal Mass Ejection (CME) was observed by the coronographs on board the STEREO spacecraft. C. Argentina . The aim of this paper is to provide a physical explanation for the strong deflection of the CME observed on September 32 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza. structure. F. Poedts1 . 2009. The CME gets deflected towards the current sheeth of the larger northern helmet streamer. Belgium Italy Belgium 4 UCT. E-mail: francesco. starting from a magnetic field configuration closely resembling the extrapolated potential field for that date. 3 ROB. The CME originated from the southern hemisphere and showed a deflection of more than 30 degrees towards the heliospheric current sheet (HCS) during the propagation in the COR1 field-of-view (FOV).zuccarello@wis. Bemporad2 . Italy Abstract. How rapidly they undergo this latitudinal migration depends on the strength of both the large scale coronal magnetic field and the magnetic flux of the erupting filament. due to an imbalance in the magnetic pressure and tension forces and finally it gets absorbed into the streamer. The observations are combined with a MHD simulation. By applying localized shearing motions a CME is initiated in the simulation. A. Mierla3 . On September 21. even CMEs originating from high latitude can be easily deflected towards the heliospheric current sheet eventually resulting in geoeffective events. showing a similar non-radial evolution.

We also study how this affects the possibility of plasmoid ejection. E-mail: joern@nordita. which is in agreement with recent findings for the solar wind. Mitra1 1 NORDITA. In radius. An oscillatory large-scale dynamo with equatorward migration is found to operate in the turbulence zone. Sweden Abstract. The magnetic helicity is found to change sign outside the turbulence zone. A. nearly force-free exterior to spherical geometry. Plasmoid ejections occur in regular intervals. where the sign changes at the equator between the two hemispheres.IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars Dynamo-driven Plasmoid Ejections above a Spherical Surface J. Brandenburg1.2 . We extend earlier models of turbulent dynamos with an upper. 2 Department Sweden of Astronomy. similar to what is seen in earlier Cartesian models. D. Warnecke1. Turbulence is driven with a helical forcing function in the interior. and study how flux emerges from lower layers to the upper ones without being driven by magnetic buoyancy. Stockholm 33 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza. These plasmoid ejections are tentatively associated with coronal mass ejections.2 . Argentina . A spherical wedge is used that includes northern and southern hemispheres up to mid-latitudes and a certain range in longitude of the Sun. we cover both the region that corresponds to the convection zone in the Sun and the immediate exterior up to twice the radius of the Sun.

cr@gmail. 2011] study of CME/shock propagation focusing. We present a study of the dominant physical processes of the CME/shock evolution using an analytic model and numerical simulations. We analyze three study cases in order to apply our results. followed by a decaying phase where the shock decelerates. Argentina . Gonz´lez Esparza2 a 1 Posgrado 2 Instituto en Ciencias de la Tierra. This dynamical behavior depends on the evolution of the momentum flux throughout the plasma sheath. We find that shock waves related with fast CMEs present two phases: a pristine one where the CME drives the shock. which illuminates the CME/shock propagation. on the evolution of the plasma sheath between the CME and the shock. E-mail: piter. UNAM. J. M´xico e Abstract. Corona Romero1 . M´xico e de Geof´ ısica. A. UNAM. This work is an extension of the Corona-Romero & Gonz´leza Esparza [JGR. in this case.IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars Dynamic Evolution of Interplanetary Wave Shocks Driven by CMEs 34 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza.

Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales. as those presented here. Advances made in this direction. measured parallel and perpendicular to the direction of the local mean magnetic field. we will present results of an study on the dynamical evolution of turbulent magnetic fluctuations in the inner heliosphere. Ruiz1 .IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars Dynamical Evolution of Anisotropies of the Solar Wind Magnetic Turbulent Outer Scale M. during the travel of the parcels of fluid from the Sun to the outer heliosphere still has several unanswered questions. USA Abstract. M. E. Bartol Research Institute. and study its evolution according to the aging of the plasma parcels observed at different heliodistances. E-mail: dasso@df. University of California.uba. and will provide a quantitative input for models of charged solar and galactic energetic particles propagation and diffusion throughout inner heliosphere. As diagnostic tool we employed single-spacecraft correlation functions computed with observations collected by Helios 1 & 2 probes over nearly one solar cycle. Our results are consistent with driving modes with wave-vectors parallel to the direction of the local mean magnetic field near the Sun. The evolution of the turbulent properties in the solar wind. Argentina de F´ ısica. S. Dasso1. Argentina . W. We focused on the anisotropy of the turbulent length scale. Universidad de Buenos Aires. In this 35 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza.2 . Matthaeus3 . E. University of Delaware. Argentina 3 Department of Geography. Marsch4 . will contribute to our understanding of the magnetohydrodynamical turbulence and Alfvenicwave activity for this system. Germany 5 Institute of Geophysics and Planetary Physics. J. H. Weygand5 1 Instituto 2 Departamento de Astronom´ y F´ ıa ısica del Espacio (CONICET-Universidad de Buenos Aires). and a progressive spectral transfer of energy to modes with perpendicular wave-vectors. USA 4 Max-Planck-Institut fur Sonnensystemforschung.

edu 36 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza. USA Abstract. the complexity of the coronal field at the effective source surface of the solar wind in cycle 23’s minimum. G. O. Luhmann1 . all of which have somewhat different properties. USA 4 NSO. Another is that transient coronal hole boundary layer winds are ubiquitous within a magnetic sector. In particular. 2 PSI. means that it is common for a magnetic polarity sector to have streams from several source regions. We use results from studies of the solar wind in the recent cycle minimum as a basis for discussing how the interplanetary medium attributes are determined by the solar magnetic field. Petrie4 1 SSL. Jian3 . L. As a result. One of the consequences of this situation is that stream interaction compressions and their associated field deflections and enhancements are more common than in the dipolar coronal hole wind picture. E-mail: jgluhman@ssl.IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars Interplanetary Conditions: Lessons from this Minimum J. USA USA 3 IGPP UCLA. Riley2 . G. C. earlier. P. Russell3 . the wind of a given polarity may include stream interaction regions that are not associated with heliospheric sector boundaries. Argentina . Overall. This characteristic produces a host of substructure in the solar wind that is challenging to interpret. T. University of California.berkeley. Lee1 . K. discussed by de Toma et al. It also serves to remind us that simple solar wind concepts often fail to capture the reality of stellar outflows. the recent cycle minimum provides an excellent illustration of the need for more realistic coronal field geometries in 3D solar wind models. allowing for time dependent processes at open field boundaries. C.

E-mail: edcliver@gmail. Cliver and Ling (2010) revised the floor downward to ∼2. The notion of a ”floor” in the solar magnetic field strength (Bsw) of ∼4. and slow solar wind.IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars The Floor in the Solar Wind Magnetic Field: Status Report E. Recent evidence bearing on the possibility of the floor is reviewed. W. The solar polar fields provide the ”seed” for the subsequent sunspot maximum. Earth was in slow solar-wind flows ∼70% of the time. the concept of such a floor was undercut by annual Bsw averages of ∼4 nT. Cliver AFRL.6 nT was proposed by Svalgaard and Cliver in 2007 on the basis of 27-day averages of Bsw during the space age and longterm reconstructions of Bsw based on geomagnetic data.8 nT on the basis of separate correlations between the solar polar field strength at solar minimum and (a) the corresponding solar wind magnetic field strength (Bsw(min)) and (b) the peak sunspot number at the subsequent solar maximum. In both 2008 and 2009.2009) into high-speed streams. During 2009. and ii) a component primarily due to the solar polar fields that varies from ∼0 nT to ∼3 nT. coronal mass ejections. USA Abstract. Subsequently. Cliver and Ling attributed the floor to a baseline (non-cyclic or ground state) open solar flux of ∼ 8 × 1013 Wb from the Sun’s persistent small-scale (supergranular and granular) field. Argentina . Based on a decomposition of the solar wind (from 1972 .8 37 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza. These correlations suggest that at 11-year minima. Cliver and Ling suggested that the source of the floor in Bsw is the slow solar wind. B consists of i) a floor of ∼2.

the mass. University of Texas at Arlington. E-mail: relopez@uta. with an emphasis on the variation of the solar wind around successive minima. and the relationship between the alpha particle flux and the IMF. These changes strongly imply that something fundamental has changed in the solar 38 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza. the period when in situ observations are available. Throughout the latter half 20th century. changed dramatically.IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars Long-term Solar Wind Variations and the Coming Solar Minimum R. Argentina . when all indicators of solar wind strength decreased. The minimum at the boundary between solar cycles 23 and 24 exhibited the weakest solar wind in the observational record. momentum. the ratio of the flux of alpha particles to the proton flux decreased markedly. This changed in solar cycle 23. which had been fairly stable for the previous solar cycles. In this talk I will discuss long-term solar wind variations. and that a long-term minimum in solar activity has begun. E. L´pez o Department of Physics. that the Modern Grand Maximum is at an end. and energy fluxes of the solar wind along with the IMF magnitude were increasing from one solar cycle to the next. USA Abstract. At the same time.

In this paper. They are ubiquitous in the Milky Way and make up a substantial fraction of the total energy of the Galaxy. because it tells us the average feature of the large-scale magnetic field in the heliosphere which is responsible to the spatial distribution of GCRs. Japan Abstract. we analyze the density gradient and its temporal variation observed with two networks of muon detectors and neutron monitors during the declining phase of the Solar Cycle 23. Is still difficult to derive it directly from any other in-situ and/or ground-based measurements. Argentina . The present paper introduces the recent analyses of the Sun’s shadow observed by the Tibet AS experiment. E-mail: kmuna00@shinshu-u. they are deflected when crossing the magnetic field in the space. we can derive the spatial gradient of the GCR density in three dimensions and its temporal variation. The spatial density gradient is important. The magnitude of the GCR anisotropy due to the diffusive streaming is proportional to the spatial gradient of the GCR density.and magnetic-cycles reflecting the solar cycle variations of the modulation parameters such as the sun-spot number. The present paper demonstrates how useful information can be derived from the anisotropy observed at the Earth with ground based detectors. the magnitude of the interplanetary magnetic field and the tilt-angle of the heliospheric current sheet. The cosmic-ray flux at energies high enough to undergo minimal deflection is so small that cosmic-ray sources in the Galaxy far away from us have proved difficult to observe directly by measuring the directional anisotropy of GCR intensity. Galactic cosmic rays are extremely high-energy nuclei that travel close to the speed of light. equivalent to the energy in large-scale magnetic fields and thermal gases. While the omnidirectional GCR intensity measured by a single detector represents the temporal variation of the GCR density at the single location of the detector. The intensity of ∼10 GeV galactic cosmic rays recorded at the Earth changes in the solar activity. The Tibet AS experiment has recently observed a clear solar cycle variation of the Sun’s shadow for the first time.1%. The anisotropy of GCRs with much higher energy also provides us with unique information of the magnetic field over the larger scale in The significant deflection and the pitch angle scattering by the irregular magnetic field produces instead the diffusive streaming which has been observed as the GCR anisotropy at the Earth with the amplitude of ∼ 39 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza. the directional anisotropy of the GCR intensity tells us the spatial distribution of the GCR density around the Earth. therefore. and the amount of the total deflection in an average magnetic field magnitude is dependent on both their momentum and path lengths. Being charged particles.IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars Probing the Heliosphere with the Directional Anisotropy of Galactic Cosmic Ray Intensity K. The best-known example of such variation can be seen in the count rate of neutron monitors. The Sun shields cosmic rays arriving from the directions behind it and casts a tiny shadow in the directional intensity of cosmic rays observed at the Earth. Munakata Shinshu University. The present paper also demonstrates a possibility of probing the Sun’s magnetic field as a function of time with the measurement of the Sun’s shadow. By observing precisely the anisotropy with the global network of detectors. The sidereal anisotropy of ∼TeV GCRs observed by the air shower (AS) experiment and deep underground muon detectors gives us the valuable information of the large-scale magnetic structures of the heliosphere and the local interstellar space near by the Sun.

27 GV) and mean response energy of the instrument (25 GeV). Daubechies filters were used to set a baseline e and remove unwanted low frequency variations. our analysis may also help to establish an upper bound for the particle acceleration power of the Sun. Vald´s Galicia e Instituto de Geof´ ısica. then. Due to the high cutoff rigidity of the site (8. this result provides evidence of acceleration of high energy particles by eruptive phenomena in the solar atmosphere. we performed two different statistical tests to validate the increments observed on the data. F.IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars Search for Solar Energetic Particle Signals on the M´xico City Neue tron Monitor Database B.unam. UNAM. Argentina . M´xico e Abstract. J. We made a search for solar energetic particle signals on the full five minute database of the M´xico City neutron monitor from 1989 to 40 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza. We present a detailed analysis of one GLE time series which shows a previously unreported increment. E-mail: bernardo@geofisica. Vargas.

the exceedingly low solar wind parameters led to a minimum in energy transfer from solar wind to the magnetosphere. B. We compare the solar wind and geomagnetic activity observed in this recent minimum with previous solar cycle values during the space era (1964–2010). T.IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars On the Cause of Extremely Low Geomagnetic Activity during the Recent Deep Solar Cycle Minimum E. California Institute of Technology. the geomagnetic activity ap index reached extremely low levels.echer@gmail. Furthermore. Tsurutani1. W. E-mail: ezequiel. These were the lowest values of energy input and geomagnetic activity in the space era. interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) magnitude and solar wind speed were the lowest during the space era. D. Gonz´lez1 a 1 Instituto 2 Jet Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais. CA Abstract. Echer1 . and as a consequence. The recent solar minimum (2008–2009) was extreme in several aspects: the sunspot number. Argentina .com 41 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza. Brazil Propulsion Laboratory.2 .

In this poster we will present an overview of observations that span the period 2008–2009.g. B. B. reaching a minimum in summer 2009 (e. UK 3 NASA. Leamon3 .. solar wind and geospace observables stayed low or continued to decline. USA 8 PredSci. activity. USA 5 CalTech. Mewaldt5 . McIntosh1 . Thompson7 . Gibson1 . Colorado. R. L. and continued solar magnetic flux evolution had led to a flattening of the heliospheric current sheet and the decay of the low-latitude coronal holes and associated Earth-intersecting high-speed solar wind streams. P. with highlighted discussion of CROTs 2068. This time period – of which the Whole Heliosphere Interval (WHI: CROT 2068) is typical – illustrates the effects of fast solar wind streams on the Earth in an otherwise quiet heliosphere. E. and 2085. CROT 2078). Emery 1 . As the new solar cycle slowly began. de Toma1 . J. Riley8 . USA 4 Univ. 42 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza. USA Abstract. CROT 2085) and a Sun-Earth system at its quietest.g. USA Birmingham. structural evolution continued to be observed from the Sun through the solar wind and to the Earth. Lei4 . even though solar irradiance.IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars WHI in the Context of a Long and Structured Solar Minimum: An Overview of Sun-to-Earth Observations S. Zhao1 1 HAO/NCAR. Throughout months of extremely low solar activity during the recent extended solar cycle minimum. S. By the end of 2008 sunspots and solar irradiance had reached their lowest levels for this minima (e. through the solar wind and heliosphere and to the Earth’s space environment and upper atmosphere. Argentina . We will show side-by-side observables from the Sun’s interior through its surface and atmosphere. J. E-mail: sgibson@ucar. USA 6 NOAA/SWPSI. Elsworth2 . 2078. Onsager6 . the presence of long-lived and large low-latitude coronal holes meant that geospace was periodically impacted by high-speed streams. USA 7 NASA/GSFC. and interplanetary magnetic fields had reached levels as low or lower than observed in past minima. This simplified heliospheric morphology was associated with record levels of cosmic rays (high) and radiation belt flux (low). 2 Univ. R. Y. G. In 2008.

These effects will be partially compensated by an expected decrease of the geomagnetic activity and less intensive production of nitrogen and hydrogen oxides followed by less intensive ozone destruction and relative warming inside polar vortices. i. Switzerland Abstract. The results of these experiments aimed at the analysis of ”top-down” mechanisms of solar-climate connection as well as the uncertainty in the applied forcing will be presented and discussed in the talk. Such a change can affect future state of the atmosphere and climate due to an alteration of the incoming solar irradiance and energetic particles. a deceleration of the polar night jets and cooler winters over Europe.2 . On the other hand an increase of galactic cosmic rays caused by lower solar activity will facilitate ozone destruction and cooling in the polar lower winter stratosphere leading to opposite effects. W. T. E-mail: e.IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars Modeling of the Atmospheric Response to a Strong Decrease of the Solar Activity 43 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza. Argentina . A. On the one hand a decline of the solar activity is expected to be accompanied by a decrease of the spectral solar irradiance leading to cooling and ozone depletion in the stratosphere. to an acceleration of the polar night jets and warmer winters over Europe. Egorova1 .e. Shapiro1 . To understand the resulting changes in the atmosphere we perform several numerical experiments with chemistry-climate model SOCOL in time-slice mode driven by different combinations of the above-mentioned forcing.rozanov@pmodwrc. It was suggested by several publications that the current grand maximum of the solar activity will end within the next 10 to 20 years. Rozanov1.Switzerland 2 IAC ETHZ. Schmutz1 1 PMOD/WRC.

Batista1 . Candido1 . 2 Arecibo Brazil Observatory. The solar irradiance at extreme ultraviolet (EUV) wavelengths is the primary heat source of the thermosphere. The thermosphere responds to temperature changes expanding or contracting in such a way that the thermospheric density. During the minimum of the solar cycle 23/24 the sun had a large number of spotless days as compared with previous periods. M. at a fixed height is highly dependent on the solar EUV flux. Brum2 . Abdu1 1 INPE.inpe.IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars Ionosphere and Upper Atmosphere under the Extremely Prolonged Low Solar Activity of Solar Cycle 23/24 I. N. The solar radiation is also the responsible for the ionospheric primary ionization and its layering structure. C. 44 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza. The low density ionosphere has also provided good conditions for the study of waves propagating in the ionospheric F region. S. During this unusually prolonged solar minimum the solar flux responsible for the thermospheric heating and ionospheric formation was very low. Argentina . E-mail: inez@dae. Studies are indicating the need to review some proxies used to represent the solar irradiance in thermosphere-ionosphere models. C. A. Puerto Rico Abstract. This provided a unique opportunity for the investigation of the thermosphere-ionosphere system under extremely low solar activity.

Session 4 Stellar Cycles Chairs: Cristina Mandrini Adriana V´lio a .

I will review the general properties of stellar cycles in late-type. E-mail: giampapa@noao. Argentina . main sequence stars including the range of amplitudes seen in solar-type 46 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza. the associated brightness variations. Giampapa National Solar Observatory/NOAO. USA Abstract. and the evidence for stars in activity minima that may be analogous to the extended episode of quiescence associated with the Maunder minimum. Emerging evidence for the occurrence of multiple cycle periods in solar-type stars will be reviewed as well as the nature of ”flat-activity” stars. The NSO and NOAO are each operated by AURA under cooperative agreements with the National Science Foundation.IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars Stellar Cycles: General Properties and Future Directions M. Suggested directions for future efforts will be presented.

can be obtained. observations from space. E-mail: heidi. and thus also introduces significantly stronger magnetic activity than is seen in slower rotators. Denmark Abstract. Many young cool stars are rapid rotators. can be studied using shapes of the spectral lines in high resolution spectra. Korhonen NBI. Also older stars in close binary systems are rapid rotators. and even stellar surface differential rotation. and even in the shapes of the spectral lines.IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars Investigating Stellar Surface Rotation using Observations of Starspots 47 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza.korhonen@utu.h. The emphasis of the talk will be on how starspots. because they have the primordial rotation rates induced by the interstellar molecular cloud from which they were formed. In this talk I will review investigations of stellar rotation based on starspots. Argentina . These types of stars can show strong magnetic activity and large starspots. Rapid rotation enhances the dynamo operating in stars. At times even information on the spot rotation at different stellar latitudes. high precision. similarly to the solar surface differential rotation. one can get information on the rotation of the star. I will discuss what we can obtain from ground-based photometry and how that improves with the uninterrupted. In the case of large starspots which cause observable changes in the brightness of the star.

Observatory. 48 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza. UK 3 Paris Observatory. Ol´h1 . a diagnostics of different features dominating the activity on stars causing their long-term variability becomes possible.vanDriel@obspm.IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars Modulated Stellar and Solar Cycles: Parallels and Differences K. van Driel-Gesztelyi1. Hungary University College London. emitted flux . L. In the course of their activity cycles stars change their overall temperature.3 a 1 Konkoly 2 MSSL.2. Meudon. cooler surface features. whereas another type of activity makes the stars hotter when activity is higher. Argentina . LESIA.e. and compare the observed cyclic behaviors to the solar cycle and its modulations as manifested in long-term reconstructed solar irradiance data. which belongs to the latter group. We show examples for both classes. the star is redder when fainter. including the Sun.e. E-mail: Lidia. i. which is measured through the variation of the color indices. We present examples of activity cycles on different types of stars from low-mass dwarfs to massive giants with a range of rotational rates.a direct comparison can be made between solar and stellar cycles. Using solar irradiance data . France Abstract. In the case when activity is dominated by spots.

USA Abstract. We will describe our technique of inferring wind mass loss rates for solar-like stars and show correlations of mass flux with X-ray emission and stellar age. Linsky1 . USA USA 3 Wesleyan Univ.IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars The Solar Wind in Time: Internal and External Forcing J. Changes in the gas density and magnetic field environment through which the Sun travels will likely force changes in the solar wind on a faster timescale than secular changes in the solar dynamo and magnetic field.colorado. An important example is the loss of water from Mars. B. Changes in the solar wind structure and mass flux between minimum and maximum of the solar cycle are likely small compared to changes in the solar wind as the Sun has evolved from an active premain sequence star to its present middle age as a slowly-rotating rather quiet star. This technique will be applied to additional stars in our HST Cycle 19 observing programs. Argentina .edu 49 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza. The gas density and magnetic field of the interstellar medium through which the Sun moves provide external boundary conditions on the solar wind. Simulations of wind mass flux for solar-like stars provides a critical tool for understanding the chemical evolution of planetary atmospheres both for planets of our Sun and of other stars. E-mail: jlinsky@jila. S. Colorado. Redfield3 1 Univ. L.. 2 NRL. Wood2 . We now have a detailed picture of the interstellar cloud environment through which the Sun has travelled for the last million years and will travel for the next million years.

For a subgiant K1 star such as the active component of HR 1099. For a Sun-like star with Prot = 9 d. A135). which combines an alpha-omega dynamo at the base of the convection zone. We present results from a model of magnetic flux generation and transport in cool stars (Isik et al. the numerical simulations were made for a set of model convection zones of G. and surface flux transport. E-mail: e. 2011 A&A 528. Isik Istanbul Kultur University. poleward deflection of rising flux tubes.IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars Stellar Activity Cycles in a Model for Magnetic Flux Generation and Transport E. and dynamo strength. Argentina . it becomes essential to investigate the physical mechanisms behind the observed (multi-)periodic or irregular stellar cycles. Based on a reference model for the Sun. owing to a combination of several effects: cycle overlap. convection zone depth. As solar and stellar observations of magnetic cycles improve both in quantity and quality. Turkey Abstract. buoyant rise of magnetic flux tubes. 703) is found in our model. an apparently multi-periodic cycle (similar to observations. eg Olah et we find that a cyclic dynamo can underly a noncyclic. convection zone depth. 2009 A&A 50 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza. and a surface flux transport model. ”flat” surface activity.isik@iku. We investigate magnetic cycle properties as functions of other stellar properties such as the rotation period.and K-type main sequence and subgiant stars.

IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars Magnetic Activity among Cool Stars in the HR-Diagram J. H. UV. applicability and usefulness of these indicators depends strongly on the underlying star. Germany Abstract. M. the occurrence of magnetic cycles and the detectability of Maunder minimum states in other stars. Nonthermal emission is diagnosed at radio and Gamma-ray wavelengths and can usually be detected only in stars with activity levels some orders of magnitude above solar levels.and optical emission diagnoses cooler plasma and the photospheric magnetic fields themselves. Soft X-ray emission diagnoses hot. M. cool stars are hosts of extrasolar planets and I discuss some consequences of cool star activity on extrasolar planets. Finally. however.uni-hamburg. Magnetic fields are the ultimate origin of the plethora of activity phenomena observed on the Sun over the entire electromagnetic range. Argentina .de 51 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza. E-mail: jschmitt@hs. thermal plasma heated to coronal temperatures and is the best proxy indicator for such magnetic activity since it can be detected against a completely X-ray dark stellar photosphere. I will attempt to review the magnetic activity signatures observed in the cool half of the HR-diagram predominantly from an X-ray point of view to delineate which stars show magnetic activity. I will then focus on the properties of stars with low activity and specifically discuss the the rotation activity relations. Schmitt Hamburger Sternwarte.

Sami Shamoon Acad. Our approach is three-pronged: (a) Observed enormous diversity of spectral types as well as space locations of magnetic stars. Steinitz1 . Israel Abstract. Argentina . (b) the (relative) rarity of such stars. in addition it predicts existence of large ranges in field intensities on different magnetic stars. and most relevant . Israel Dept. The emerging model accounts for these traits. College of Engineering. The origin of stellar magnetic fields is not a new 2 EE Ben Gurion University.(c) the basic physics involved in spoiling cylindrical symmetry (magnetic dipole and spin axis not co-aligned). 52 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza. E-mail: raphael@bgu. all predictions observed..IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars On the Origin of Stellar Magnetic Fields R. possible presence of magnetic quadrupoles and that at least some magnetic stars are oscillating. Portnoy2 1 Physics.

The study of a different variety of stars allows for a better understanding of magnetic cycles and the evolution of stars. Presently. Other stars also exhibit signs of cyclic activity. a method has been developed to detect and study individual solar like spots on the surface of planet-harboring stars. Brazil Abstract. Not only do spots vary in number on a timescale of a decade. this is due to the difficulty of observing activity at the solar level on most stars. Still unexplained to the present date are periods of decades with almost an absence of activity. however the level of activity is usually thousand times higher than the solar. V´lio a CRAAM/Mackenzie University. E-mail: avalio@craam. Since 53 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza. As the planet eclipses dark patches on the surface of the star. for four hundred years. but the total luminosity and other signatures of activity such as flares and coronal mass ejections also increase and decrease with the 11-year cycle. Obviously. dark spots have been observed systematically on the surface of the Sun. and is caused by the periodic changes of the magnetic field of the Sun. where the best known example of such is the Maunder Minimum.mackenzie.IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars Semi-empirical Modeling of Solar/Stellar Magnetic Cycles A. The monitoring of the sunspot number has shown that their number varies periodically every 11 years. a detectable signature can be observed in the light curve of the star during the transit. Argentina . This is the well known solar activity cycle.

IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars The Rotation-activity Connection in Young Low Mass Stars J. E-mail: jemrodriguezgo@unal. We confirm a mass dependence of the lifetime for active chromospheres and found that the chromospheric activity measured in Hα declines with age. BPMG (∼11Myr). We quantify those differences by comparing either vsini or rotational periods with a simple rotational evolution model based on the temporal behaviour of the size of the convective layers predicted by evolutionary PMS models. Restrepo Gait´n. Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Lower Centarus Crux (∼16Myr) and TucanaHorologium (∼30Myr). Cuervo Osses. R. jemfisi@hotmail. We present a complementary study to those presented by Sholtz et al. O. Rotation and activity are key parameters for the pre-main sequence evolution since they trace the internal behavior of young stars as they approach to the main sequence and also because they are closely related to the disk disappearance and the presence of solar-type active chromospheres. Upper Centaurus Lupus (∼14Myr).co. Rodr´ ıguez G´mez. rotation and activity. The rotation-activity relation shows prominent differences with those observed in main sequence stars indicating that young low mass stars generate their magnetic fields in a different way (not dynamo). Pinz´n Estrada o a o Observatorio Astron´ 54 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza. Argentina . Colombia o Abstract. G. Nearby associations or moving groups of post-T Tauri stars with ages between 10 and 30 Myr are excellent targets for the study of both.(2007) of rotation. Facultad de Ciencias. chromospheric activity and X-ray luminosities for a sample of 71 young stars with spectral types F7–M2 in the stellar associations: TW Hya (∼10Myr).

uba. including Proxima Centauri. Mauas1 . with different activity levels. E-mail: pablo@iafe. covering the range 3860 to 6690 ˚with a spectral A resolution R=13000. with more than 2000 spectra of the whole visible range. ranging from tight correlations with different slopes to anti-correlations. we have simultaneous measurements of the most important visible lines. including cases where no correlations are found. Cincunegui1 . the H-α and Ca II K fluxes are usually considered interchangeable activity indicators. L. from late F to M. to understand how changes in activity affect the atmospheric structure. and each star shows a particular behavior. A. Buccino1 . D´ 2 . we were able to find cyclic activity in several M stars.IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars 12 Years of Stellar Activity Observations in Argentina P. For example. M. Since 1999 we systematically observe around 150 stars. From these data.15m telescope at CASLEO Observatory in San Juan. However. R. unlike other similar studies. and spanning 12 years. we have a very large database. of stars of a broad variety of spectral classes. Luoni1 ıaz 1 Instituto 2 Institut de Astronom´ y F´ ıa ısica del Espacio. to study longterm variability. These spectra was also used to constrain chromospheric models of several G and K stars. For this task we used the echelle spectrograph mounted in the 2. we can accurately study the correlation between them. Argentina d’Astrophysique de Paris. C. At present. 55 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza. the general trend is lost for individual observations of particular stars. France Abstract. and in fact we found a strong correlation between the mean fluxes for each star. Argentina . Since.

Session 5 Grand Minima and Historical Records Chairs: Alisson Dal Lago Ilya Usoskin .

USA Abstract. Argentina . and make some estimates of their physical and magnetic activity properties.IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars Stars in Magnetic Grand Minima: Where Are They and What Are They Like? S.harvard. H. Saar SAO. and ways of finding stars in such a state. E-mail: 57 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza. These are then compared with the Sun and other low activity stars. I explore various ideas of what a star in a Maunder-like magnetic minimum would look like.

IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars Soft X-ray Emission as Diagnostics for Maunder Minimum Stars K. J.poppenhaeger@hs. similar to emission from solar coronal holes. Poppenh¨ger. X-ray observations can be a key tool for identifying Maunder minimum stars: we have detected very soft X-ray emission from low-temperature coronal plasma. Germany Abstract. Argentina . H. Photospheric contributions. M.The identification of stars in a Maunder minimum state purely from their chromospheric emission (for example in Ca II lines) has proven to be difficult. while no Maunder minimum state may be present. Schmitt a Hamburger 58 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza. M. The coronal properties inferred from X-ray observations can therefore yield a crucial piece of information to verify Maunder minimum states in stars.uni-hamburg. metallicities and possible deviations from the main sequence stage may lead to very low values of the traditional chromospheric activity indicators. E-mail: katja. in several stars with very low chromospheric activity indicators.

com 59 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza. the interpretation of the minimal activity. in particular. I place these observations in the context of stellar magnetic activity and. Here. that there is a cycle-independent component to the quiet-Sun field (doi:10. Argentina . suggest.1029/2011GL046658) that persists at times of extended cycle minima and Maunder Minimumlike ’grand minima’. J. E-mail: schrijver@lmsal. Surrounding the sunspot-carrying active regions lies a sea of small-scale mixed-polarity ”quiet Sun”.IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars Is the Small-Scale Quiet Sun Dynamo a Pedestal for Solar (and Stellar) Activity? K. however. of old Sun-like stars. combined with four decades of monitoring of the quietest regions on the solar disk. at the basal emission level. The implications for TSI coupling into Earth’s climate are being investigated. USA Abstract. Observations during the recent extended sunspot minimum. Part of the magnetic flux threading that quiet Sun results from the random-walk dispersal and large-scale advection of flux that originally surfaced in active regions. Schrijver Lockheed Martin Advanced Technology Center.

This began to change in 2006 with the launch of the twin STEREO probes followed almost four years later by the Solar Dynamics Observatory. Vesta. astronauts will follow beyond Earth orbit. Interplanetary forecasting was out of the question. and coronal mass ejections around the full circumference of the star. Missions like SDO and Kepler are giving us a better view of sun-like stars and their inner workings to understand their cyclic behavior. and Pluto. expanding the reach of space weather & climate forecasts throughout the solar system will require advances in theory. Argentina . each of these missions (plus others on the drawing board) has a unique need to know when a solar storm will pass through its corner of space or how the subsequent solar cycles will behave. too. In this talk I will summarize the observational assests and other resources we have and the challenges we have to face to move this interdisciplinary field forward. Mars. As agencies around the world prepare for these missions to send robotic spacecraft. and computing power. Venus. the need for accurate space weather and climate forecasting is expanding. No matter which way a solar storm travels. Ceres. flares. E-mail: madhulika. These three spacecraft now surround the sun. Just recently the Cambridge University Press has published a series of three volumes entitled the Heliophysics Lecture Series that deal with this subject matter while the facility called the Community Coordinated Modeling Center (CCMC) are laying the groundwork for the accurate interplanetary forecasts using physics-based models. Ultimately. Space probes are now orbiting or en route to flybys of Mercury. and their need for interplanetary space weather and climate forecasting will be even more compelling. Until recently. the STEREOSDO fleet can track it. remote sensing.IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars Interplanetary Space Weather and Space Climate Prediction: Opportunities M. Ultimately. forecasters could barely predict space weather in the limited vicinity of Earth. As human activity expands into the solar system. monitoring active regions. Earth and the Moon. Guhathakurta NASA Headquarters. USA Abstract.guhathakurta@nasa. 60 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza.

iisc. We address the question whether the combined effects of low poloidal field generation and weak meridional circulation can push the dynamo into a grand minimum like the Maunder minimum.ernet. Several independent arguments now show that the diffusivity of the dynamo should be high. Choudhuri Department of Physics.IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars Dynamo Models of Grand Minima A. The effect of fluctuations in meridional circulation in a flux transport dynamo model is more subtle. India Abstract. The effect of fluctuations in the Babcock-Leighton process is what one would naively expect . Limited data available for the Maunder minimum suggest that it started somewhat abruptly and ended more gradually. R. We shall discuss how flux transport dynamo models address these issues. The irregularities of solar cycle arise from two main sources . E-mail: arnab@physics. then the strength of the cycle becomes weaker . while the magnetic field in the solar wind continued the 11-year oscillation at a somewhat suppressed level. Since the Babcock-Leighton process would not operate when there are no active regions. only if the dynamo has sufficiently high diffusivity. Argentina . an important question is how the dynamo comes out of the grand minimum.fluctuations in the BabcockLeighton process for the generation of the poloidal field and fluctuations in meridional circulation. Indian Institute of 61 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza.less poloidal field generation at the end of a cycle would make the next cycle weaker.providing an explanation for the Waldmeier effect. Weaker meridional circulation makes the cycle period longer and.

Argentina . Sokoloff. Zadkov Department of Physics. Trukhin. V. Moscow State University.srcc.IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars A Simple Dynamo Model for Solar Grand Minima and Geomagnetic Reversals 62 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza. V. Sobko.msu. Russia Abstract. A qualitative explanation for the physical nature of both phenomena is presented and discussed. E-mail: sokoloff@dds. G. We suggest a simple dynamical system which mimics a nonlinear dynamo which is able to provide (in specific domains of its parametric space) the temporal evolution of solar magnetic activity cycles as well as evolution of geomagnetic field including its polarity reversals.

IAU Symposium 286

Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars

Is Meridional Circulation Important in Modeling the Irregular Solar Cycle?
B. B. Karak, A. R. Choudhuri Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Science, India Abstract. The sunspot number varies roughly periodically with time. However the individual cycle durations and amplitudes are found to vary in an irregular manner. It is observed that the stronger cycles are having shorter rise time and vice versa. This leads to an important effect known as Waldmeier effect. Another important feature of the solar cycle irregularity are the grand minima during which the activity level is strongly reduced. We explore whether these irregularities can be studied with the help of the flux transport dynamo model of the solar cycle. We show that with a suitable stochastic fluctuations in the meridional circulation, we are able to reproduce many irregular features of solar cycle including the Waldmeier effect and grand minimum. However, we are not able to reproduce these results in a low-diffusivity model. Next we introduce a quenching on the meridional circulation due to the dynamo-generated magnetic fields in the flux transport dynamo model and we show that the low-diffusivity model fails to produce stable solar-like solution with this quenching. E-mail: bidya


3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza, Argentina

IAU Symposium 286

Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars

Grand Minima of Solar Activity on Long-Term Scale
I. G. Usoskin1 , S. K. Solanki2
1 Sodankyla 2 Max

Geophysical Observatory (Oulu unit), University of Oulu, Finland Planck Institute for Solar System Research, Germany

Abstract. Using a reconstruction of solar activity from cosmogenic isotope data in natural terrestrial archives, we analyze the statistics of the occurrence of grand minima and maxima over the Holocene, i.e. the past 11 millennia. We present a list of reconstructed grand minima and maxima of solar activity as well as the statistics of both the length of individual events as well as the waiting time between them. We show that the occurrence of grand minima/maxima is not driven by long-term cyclic variability, but is a stochastic/chaotic process. Two different types of grand minima are observed: short (30–90 years) minima of Maunder type and long (> 100 years) minima of Sp¨rer type, implying o that a deterministic behaviour of the dynamo during a grand minimum defines its length. These results set important observational constraints on long-term solar and stellar dynamo models. E-mail:


3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza, Argentina

IAU Symposium 286

Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars

Does solar activity affect climate?
B. Mendoza Ortega Instituto de Geof´ ısica, Universidad Nacional Aut´noma de M´xico, M´xico o e e Abstract. The Sun expels several products of its activity to the interplanetary medium, namely electromagnetic radiation, energetic particles, and solar wind and transient ejecta with a frozenin magnetic field. The bodies embedded in the heliosphere react to the impact of solar activity according to their characteristics, i.e. whether or not they have intrinsic magnetic fields, ionosphere or neutral atmosphere. In particular the Earth responds to solar variability through geomagnetic activity, variations of the high atmosphere, and possibly, changes of weather, climate and biota. Since many years ago, the effect of solar variability on climate has been the subject of controversy. Several attempts have been made to estimate the impact of solar variability on climate through the study of solar or solar-associated phenomena. Here we discuss the main mechanism currently proposed. Also we shall have a glimpse of the effects of a possible grand minimum occurring in the coming years. E-mail:


3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza, Argentina

Argentina . intrinsic and induced magnetospheres respond differently to solar cycle changes in solar photon flux and solar wind 66 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza.IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars Effects of Solar Variability on Planetary Plasma Environments and Habitability C. In this presentation. and in situ spacecraft measurements. Argentina Abstract. more critical to the atmospheric evolution of unmagnetized objects such as Mars and Venus. however. In particular. as well as numerical simulations. Intrinsic and induced planetary magnetospheres are the result of the transfer of energy and linear momentum between the Solar Wind and. as locally ionized planetary particles are accelerated by solar-wind induced electric fields. This transfer seems to be. we discuss the influence of solar variability on planetary magnetospheres and its implications for atmospheric evolution based on in remote. E-mail: cbertucci@iafe. we will discuss the case of unmagnetized objects where nonthermal escape process might have played a role in their habitability conditions. respectively. Bertucci IAFE-CONICET-UBA. leading to atmospheric escape. the magnetic fields and the atmospheres of solar system bodies.The nature of the obstacle to the solar wind being different.uba.

Mauas1 o 1 IAFE. focusing on the effects of the UV emission associated with flare activity. showing that this kind of life could survive in a relatively hostile UV environment. D. Argentina . which among other things emit large amounts of UV radiation during flares. Since UV-C (λ < 290 nm) is particularly harmful for living organisms. C. Cort´n2 . P. E-mail: abrevaya@iafe. To select the irradiance to be tested we considered a moderate flare of this star. since biological systems are particularly vulnerable to UV. J. Abrevaya1 . an important fraction of these stars are flare stars.IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars EV-Lac as a Potential Host for Habitable Planets X. dwarf M stars are being considered as potential hosts for habitable 67 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza. and considering a hypothetical planet in the center of the liquid water habitability zone. we studied the effect of UV-C radiation on halophile archaea cultures. E. We obtained the mean value for the UV-C irradiance integrating the IAU spectrum in the impulsive phase. Argentina Argentina 2 QB-FCEyN-UBA. The halophile archaea or haloarchaea are extremophile microorganisms. Abstract. EV Lacertae (GJ 873) as a potential site for the emergence and evolution of life. In this work we evaluate a well known dMe star. and it is unknown how this radiation can affect life. To select the irradiation times we took the most frequent duration of flares on this star which is from 10 to 30 minutes. the haloarchaea cells survive at the tested doses. Our results show that even after considerable UV damage.uba. However. which inhabit in hypersaline environments and show several mechanisms to cope with UV radiation since they are naturally exposed to intense solar UV radiation on Earth. At present.

Bosman University of G¨ttingen Institute for Astrophysics.uni-goettingen.IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars Geomagnetic Storms and Solar Activity since 1806 V. Argentina . Bothmer.physik. This presentation presents the results of a statistical survey on the relationship of geomagnetic activity and geomagnetic superstorms to the sunspot cycle based on extrapolations of Ap. published in ”Annalen der Physik” in 1808. E-mail: bothmer@astro. It will be shown that superstorms in history appeared even during very moderate phases of solar activity and that the last solar minimum is comparable to conditions around 1903. Humboldt measured fluctuations of the Earth’s magnetic field simultaneously with the appearances of aurora in the sky above Berlin. 68 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza. Carl Friedrich von Gauss later on recorded aurora at the Goettingen sky in the years 1836–1841. In 1806 Alexander v. Kp back to 1806. However it is still a matter of debate what the solar requirements are to cause such geomagnetic superstorms and what their occurrence rate is with respect to the solar activity cycle. Today it is known from satellite observations that major geomagnetic storms are caused by fast coronal mass ejections from the Sun. taking into account results derived from space observations since 1964. Germany o Abstract.

We have more or less detailed information on only one Grand minimum (the Maunder minimum in the second half of 17th century). Spain Abstract. E-mail: jvaquero@unex. In this contribution. I review some recent progress on these issues. which serves as an archetype for Grand minima in general. The observation of aurorae and naked-eye sunspots provides us with continuous information through the last few centuries that can be used to improve our knowledge of the long-term solar activity including solar ”Grand Minima”. Historical documents can help us to know about the behaviour of the Sun during the last centuries. Vaquero Universidad de 69 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza. Telescopic sunspot records and measurements of solar diameter during Maunder minimum are available. Argentina .IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars Historical Records of Solar Grand Minima: a Review J. Knowing solar activity during the past centuries is of great interest for many purposes.

Yokoyama1 . Kato4 1 The Univ. H. K. Yamaguchi1 . F. Motoyama3 . Japan 2 Hirosaki Abstract. Japan Univ. H. H..u-tokyo. It suggests the changed structure of heliospheric magnetic field at the sunspot absence. Y. observed using the cosmogenic nuclides in tree rings and ice cores. In this paper we also discuss the transitions of solar cycles at the onset of the Maunder Minimum based on the precisely measured carbon-14 content in tree rings. E-mail: hmiya@icrr. Japan 4 Yamagata Univ. T. Horiuchi2 . Miyahara1 . Annually resolved records of beryllium-10 content from ice cores have indicated the abrupt increase of cosmic rays at the every other minima of solar cycles with 14 years. We present the variations of solar and cosmic-ray decadal/bi-decadal cycles at the Maunder Minimum. Y. which can intensify the manifestation of drift effect on cosmic ray modulation. It has resulted in the amplification of solar Hale magnetic cycles at the Maunder Minimum. Matsuzaki1 . of Japan 3 NIPR. Tokanai4 .IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars Variations of Solar and Cosmic Ray Cycles at the Maunder Minimum H. Argentina .jp 70 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza.. The anomalous cosmic-ray enhancement events with ∼E1 year durations were observed at the phases when solar dipole magnetic field was negative.

Poster Contributions .

E-mail: abraham. L.. MNRAS 400.2 . Brandenburg3 . PRL 98. 509. L9. Chian1. Chian et al. the system is shown to evolve to an on-off intermittency whereby the magnetic field randomly alternates between periods of bursty and laminar fluctuations. UK 5 ITA. A. PRL 91. C. Sweden 4 U.chian@gmail. by varying the magnetic diffusivity. 034102. Argentina . 254102. E. Cambridge. E. Rempel5 1 Paris Observatory-Meudon. The recurrent 11-yr solar cycles and grand minima such as the Maunder Minimum suggest a description of solar cycles as an on-off intermittency (He & Chian. 2003. 2011). The transition to an intermittent mean-field dynamo is studied using 3D numerical simulations of compressible magnetohydrodynamic turbulence driven by a helical forcing. Abstract. The sharp contrast between the dynamics of LCS in these two dynamo regimes permits a unique analysis of the impact of the magnetic field on the velocity field. R. After the transition to a sustained dynamo. M. We report the detection of Lagrangian coherent structures (LCS) which act as transport barriers in a turbulent dynamo. Proctor & Chian. PRL 104. A travelling-wave regime and a wave turbulence regime are identified as the magnetic diffusivity is varied. France Brazil 3 NORDITA. 014101. which provides an in-depth view of the origin of intermittency in solar cycles (Rempel. Chian & Brandenburg. 72 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza. Solar cycle is a manifestation of solar dynamo where the distribution of sunspots in space and time display large-scale spatial coherence and long-term temporal correlation. ApJL 735. Brazil 2 INPE. 2007. as seen in the butterfly diagram. a transient mean field with low magnetic energy is observed. Rempel & Chian. Proctor4 . Prior to the onset of dynamo action. typical of solar cycles (Rempel.IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars Solar Grand Minima and On-Off Intermittent Dynamo A. 2010) resulting from the chaotic nature of solar dynamo. 2009).

National Center for Atmospheric Research. E-mail: mreinhardt@nordita. 73 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza. Argentina . By depositing magnetic bipolar regions at different latitudes at the Sun’s surface and following their evolution for a prescribed meridional circulation and magnetic diffusivity profiles. Stockholm University. Magnetic Feature-Tracking Speeds in the Sun G. Sweden 3 High Altitude Observatory. We simulate the magnetic feature tracking (MFT) speed using advective-diffusive transport models in both one and two dimensions. we derive the MFT speed as a function of latitude. USA 2 Department Abstract. We find that in a one dimensional surface-transport model the simulated MFT speed at the surface is always the same as the meridional flow-speed used as input to the model. but is different in a two-dimensional transport model in the meridional (r-theta) plane. M. M. Brandenburg1 . Guerrero1 .IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars Plasma Flow vs. The difference depends on the value of the magnetic diffusivity and on the radial gradient of the latitudinal velocity. Rheinhardt2 . We have confirmed our results with two different codes in spherical and Cartesian coordinates. Sweden of Astronomy. Dikpati3 1 NORDITA.

activity waves per cycle in any solar hemisphere. E-mail: mternullo@oact. In any solar cycle. P.or more .IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars The Butterfly Diagram Structure in the Minimal Activity Phases M. Romano INAF/Catania. Italy Abstract. it appears that most magnetic flux erupted in a cycle is concentrated in small portions (’knots’) of the Diagram. Argentina . this two-wave structure appears clearer both at the beginning and ending phases of the cycle. Knots appear. It can be properly described as a sequence of pulses of activity. Ternullo. If the amount of magnetic flux conveyed by spotgroups is accounted for in a Butterfly Diagram. each one at a latitude either lower or even higher than previous ones. on the contrary. in a seemingly random manner. each one enduring not longer than a couple of months and involving photospheric regions tightly limited in latitude.inaf. The popular belief that spots are distributed about a line (the spot ’mean latitude’) crossing any butterfly wing and continuously approaching the equator is disproved from our results. The suggestion arises that the spot cycle consists in two .it 74 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza. the spot formation process is highly discontinuous. even though respecting the overall tendency to approach equator.

Per´ u Institute of Per´ u Abstract. E-mail: lurdesmartinez5@yahoo. taking as reference the International Relative Sunspot Number. these records of sunspots were obtained by using the projection method. M. Argentina . We are also looking for a technique that allows consistency of the data. rotation 75 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza. The quality of data is very important in order to calculate the position. and other properties of the Active Regions. The data of sunspots were taken from 2003 until 2006. Ishitsuka2 . Ishitsuka2 .IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars Creating a Database and Analysis of Sunspots at the Solar Observatory of Ica National University in Per´ u L. Mart´ ınez Meneses1 . by different observers. This u process will allow us to find a methodology in order to systematize the analysis of the evolution of active regions (sunspots). We have created a database and analysed sunspots recorded at the Solar Observatory of the Ica National University. Trigoso2 1 Universidad 2 Geophysical Nacional San Luis Gonzaga de Ica. H. J. areas. Equipments and scientific advice is provided by the Astronomy Division of the Geophysical Institute of Per´.

N. 53.inpe. Other longer periods are also found in this study. Schuch2 . Wavelet technique was used to investigate the presence of the periodicities throughout the time. N. indicating the influence of the solar rotation and its harmonics.IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars Study of Ground Cosmic Ray Periodicities during Solar Minimum Using the Multidirectional Muon Detector at the Southern Space Observatory A. CRS/INPE.5-day period. Brazil. 2009 and 2010. E-mail: dallago@dge. Ramos Vieira1 .br 76 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza. as well as the 13. the 27-day period is observed in some parts of the time series.4◦ S.SSO. 480 m above sea level).8◦ W. Rigozo2 1 National 2 South Institute for Space Research. INPE. Brazil Abstract. This work presents a study of the periodicities observed in ground cosmic rays data from the Multidirectional Muon Detector at the Southern Space Observatory . As expected. J. (29. 2008. during the minimum phase of the solar cycle. R. L. Argentina . Dal Lago1 . The period of analysis was the years of 2007. Brazil Regional Space Research Center.

com 77 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza. the total interplanetary magnetic field (B) and the southward component of IMF (Bz).IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars Long-term Variation of Solar Wind Parameters and their Geoeffectiveness V. B and VB). The statistical results obtained here signify that the VB is more significantly effective in producing large-scale geomagnetic disturbances. S. we have used the daily values of the interplanetary indices (V. or on a day-to-day basis. and (iv) even though.S. Bz and Ap). Argentina . either on an average basis. as well as on the day-to-day basis. for the years 1965 to 2010. C. P. (iii) the product of V and B vs Ap always yields much better correlations than for V or B alone. Agrawal Physics Department A. the long-term variations of V are not very significant. B vs Ap has high values of ”r”. the variations of B follow solar activity cycle and has a continuously increasing trend during the solar cycles 20 and 21. The long-term averages have been calculated for the days when simultaneous data is available for all the four parameters (V. University. The interplanetary parameters used for the study of solar-terrestrial relationships are solar wind speed (V).ihy2007@gmail. Dwivedi. as well as the daily values of the geomagnetic disturbance index Ap. D. For our study. B. (ii) on the contrary. The results so obtained can be summarized as (i) V vs Ap has always low values of correlation coefficient (r). P. The statistical relationship between them has been investigated on these long-term averages. Tiwari. E-mail: vidya.P. These include their averages on the basis of the phases of the solar activity cycle. India Abstract.

gutierrez@ucr. Argentina . Costa Rica Abstract. Guti´rrez. such as solar prominences and active regions is made during the selected periods of two solar minima of the years 1996 and 2009. associated with other activities. We discuss about characteristics of the evolution of coronal holes accompanied or not by transient coronal holes associated with the origin or/and post evolution of Coronal Mass Ejections. UCR.and long-term evolution of equatorial and polar coronal holes as isolated events and also. based on the analyses of SOHO/EIT and STEREO multispectral data sets and Carrington Rotation maps. E-mail: heidy. Taliashvili e CINESPA.IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars Observations of Coronal Holes During Two Solar Minima 78 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza. L. The study of

The wealth of available data for these two time periods allows the study of specific features and events during two distinct solar minima. L´pez1 . M. while the last solar minimum did not reach that basic configuration. The hypothesis that the global magnetic field configuration affects the propagation direction of CMEs can be subjected to examination. given that during the WSM minimum the global magnetic field was essentially dipolar. 3 ICATE-CONICET-UNSJ.IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars Coronal Mass Ejection Deflection in the Corona during the Last Two Solar Minima F. Different patterns of CME deflection are observed. Argentina . Argentina Argentina Argentina 2 UTN-FRM/ 79 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza. with a solar corona manifesting only equatorial streamers and large polar coronal holes. each of them covering a full solar rotation. Abstract. rather showing at least three streamers at a time and several low latitude coronal holes. H. The Whole Sun Month (WSM) and the Whole Heliosphere Interval (WHI) solar observation and modeling campaigns took place during two different solar minima. we investigate the deflection of Coronal Mass Ejections (CMEs) with respect to the location of their solar source regions. Cremades2 . likely due to these intrinsic differences between the two minima. Balmaceda3 o 1 UNSJ. In the framework of the IAU Working Group on Comparative Solar Minima. L. E-mail: ferl1983@hotmail.

Argentina USA Abstract. 2 NASA/GSFC. We present a simple coronal heating model based on a cellular automaton approach. Each time two strands interact.IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars A Cellular Automaton Model for Coronal Heating M. a critical condition is tested (as in self-organized critical models). Following Parker’s suggestion (1988. Magnetic energy is eventually released in small scale reconnection events. The model consists of a 2D grid in which strand footpoints travel with random displacements simulating convective motions. ApJ. A. Argentina .uba. we consider the coronal structure made of elemental magnetic strands that accumulate magnetic stress due to the photospheric displacements of their footpoints. 474). E-mail: lopezf@iafe. J. 330. L´pez Fuentes1 .ar 80 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza. Klimchuk2 o 1 IAFE/CONICET-UBA. We compare the output of the model with real observations from SDO/AIA and Hinode/XRT and discuss the implications of our results for coronal heating. We model the plasma response to the heating events and obtain synthetic observations from the known response of different instruments. strands reconnect and energy is released. and if the condition is fulfilled.

Erd´lyi3 e 1 81 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza. UK 2 Northumbria Abstract.IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars Magneto-seismology of Solar Atmospheric Loops in the Solar Minimum M. R.uba. UK 3 University of Sheffield. Solar magneto-seismology is a novel tool to derive otherwise directly un-measurable properties of the solar atmosphere when magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) wave theory is compared to wave observations. Argentina . Here. Luna Cardozo1 . There is increasingly strong observational evidence that slow magnetoacoustic modes arise in the solar atmosphere. The application to observations in the solar minimum of slow magnetoacoustic waves in solar atmospheric loops is considered. Argentina University. MHD wave theory is further developed illustrating how information about the magnetic and density structure along coronal loops can be determined by measuring the frequency of the slow MHD oscillation. G. Verth2 . E-mail: mluna@iafe.

IAU Symposium 286

Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars

High-Speed Streams in the Solar Wind during the Last Solar Minimum
G. Maris1 , O. Maris2 , C. Oprea1 , M. Mierla1
1 Institute 2 Institute

of Geodynamics of the Romanian Academy, Romania for Space Sciences, Romania

Abstract. The paper presents a detailed analysis of the fast solar wind streams during the last prolonged minimum. Defining a minimum phase as the period with the smoothed monthly relative sunspot number having value less than 20, we considered for this analysis the interval February 2006 – September 2010. The High-Speed Streams (HSSs) in the solar wind were determined by their main parameters: duration, maximum velocity, velocity gradient. The HSS importance parameter was also calculated for each stream. The main features of the fast streams and their solar sources were marked out. A comparative analysis of the HSS dynamics during the last solar minimum with the previous solar minimum (1996–1997) concludes the paper. E-mail:


3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza, Argentina

IAU Symposium 286

Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars

Geomagnetic Effects on Cosmic Rays Propagation under Different Conditions
J. J. Mas´ Meza1 , X. Bertou1 , S. Dasso2,3 ıas
1 Centro

At´mico Bariloche (CNEA/CONICET), U.N. de Cuyo, Argentina o de Astronom´ y F´ ıa ısica del Espacio (IAFE, UBA-CONICET) 3 Departamento de F´ ısica (FCEN-UBA), Argentina
2 Instituto

Abstract. During the last solar minimum, the galactic cosmic rays flux presented the highest level observed since the birth of the space age. In order to quantify the low fluxes of cosmic particles with energies larger than several GeVs, it is necessary to observe them using terrestrial observatories at ground level with a relatively large collecting surface. To properly interpret any ground observation, it is necessary to consider the effects of the geomagnetic field on the trajectory of these electrically charged particles. In this work, using numerical simulations, we explore the main effects of the geomagnetic field on the propagation of particles with energies inside the 1GeV–1TeV range, on their way to the surface of the Earth. In particular, we study the sites of the giant Pierre Auger cosmic ray observatory of Malarg¨e (Mendoza, Argentina) and of the Rome Neutron Monitor, sites with similar u rigidity cut off. We determine the asymmetry in the angular distribution (zenith and azimuth) of energy cuts and the yearly drift of this energy cut in the last 20 years. We also analyse simulations for different conditions of space current in the magnetosphere (i.e., different levels of geomagnetic storm). We find that excitations of the magnetospheric currents (e.g., Van Allen’s ring currents) play an important role in determining the energy spectrum of primary cosmic particles arriving at the atmosphere of the Earth. The latter is crucial when interpreting ground level observations, and will allow the comparison of the Pierre Auger Observatory data with data from Neutron Monitors. E-mail:


3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza, Argentina

IAU Symposium 286

Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars

Forbush Decreases not Related to Transient Solar Events
G. Mu˜oz Mart´ n ınez, J. F. Vald´s Galicia e

M´xico e M´xico e


Abstract. Forbush Decreases (FD) are commonly related to solar eruptive events such as Flares, CMEs and their effects on the interplanetary space, specially ICMEs. In most of the cases one or more of these transient solar events are involved, more than one is present, as shock, magnetic clouds, etc and it is difficult to distinguish which of them has an specific counterpart. Even when the correlation to these events is clear in most of the cases, the physical mechanisms originating FD is not clear. In this work we analyzed a number of FD where apparently no eruptive event in the Sun or when the interplanetary transient event was found to be temporally related. We identified the main characteristics of interplanetary parameters that may be associated to a specific mechanism not related to transient solar events. E-mail:


3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza, Argentina

Huang2 . Oceanic and Space Sciences. We also discuss the new information gained with SDO/AIA respect to our previous tomographic results based on the three coronal bands of STEREO/ 85 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza. Z. Argentina . and the 3D distribution of the local differential emission measure (LDEM). We have recently extended the Differential Emission Measure Tomography (DEMT) technique to be applied to the six iron bands of the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) instrument aboard the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO).uba. A. R. Manchester IV2 a 1 Instituto 2 Department de Astronom´ y F´ ıa ısica del Espacio (CONICET-UBA) and FCEN (UBA).25 Rsun. The AIA based DEMT products are the 3D reconstruction of the coronal emissivity in the instrument’s six coronal bands. Nuevo1 . M. Argentina of Atmospheric. A. in this work we show 3D maps of the electron density and temperature of the inner solar corona during the rising phase of solar cycle 24. E-mail: federico@iafe. We discuss the 3D distribution of our results in the context of open/closed magnetic regions. Frazin2 . in the height range 1. USA Abstract. V´squez1 . University of Michigan.00 to 1. as derived from a global potential field model of the same period. B. Based on the reconstructed LDEM.W.IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars The 3D Solar Corona Cycle 24 Rising Phase from SDO/AIA Tomography F.

ACE and geomagnetic stations. A study of solar sources and CMEs kinematics will be done. Romania Abstract.IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars Earth-directed Coronal Mass Ejections and their Geoeffectiveness during the 2007–2010 Interval C. E-mail: const oprea@yahoo. The chosen interval that is practically coincident with the last solar minimum. M. Oprea. G. using the data acquired by STEREO mission and those provided by SOHO. Argentina . Mierla. along with the energy transfer flux into magnetosphere (the Akasofu coupling function).com 86 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza. This will be correlated with CMEs interplanetary manifestations and their geomagnetic effects. In this study we analyse the CMEs directed towards the Earth during the interval 2007– 2010. offered us a good opportunity to link and analyse the chain of phenomena from the Sun to the terrestrial magnetosphere in an attempt to better understand the solar and heliospheric processes that can cause major geomagnetic storms. Maris Institute of Geodynamics of the Romanian Academy.

P. 2 LESIA/Observatoire Argentina de Paris .uba. AR 10314 was the source of several energetic events. H. France Abstract. C. Mandrini1 . Here. Poisson1 .Meudon.IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars Evolution of a Very Complex Active Region during the Decay Phase of Cycle 23 M. M. E-mail: lopezf@iafe. Using a sophisticated computation technique that combines Local Correlation Tracking with magnetic induction constrains we compute the rate of magnetic helicity injection at the photosphere during the observed evoution. From our results we conclude that the AR was produced by the emergence of a severely deformed magnetic flux tube having a dominantly positive magnetic helicity. we study a particular case of extreme complexity: AR NOAA 10314. Pariat2 . From the photospheric evolution of the magnetic polarities observed with SOHO/MDI magnetograms we infer the morphology of the flux tube that originates the AR. L´pez Fuentes1 . that has been observed from March 13 to 19. It is generally observed that most magnetically complex active regions (AR) tend to appear on the late phases of solar cycles. D´moulin2 o e 1 IAFE/CONICET-UBA. along a few days. 2003. Argentina .ar 87 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza. We followed the evolution of this AR since the very first stages of its emergence. E. during the decay of Cycle 23. among them two major (X class) flares.

and it is frequently accompanied by the Earth crossing through the Heliospheric Current Sheath (HCS). Hobart. S˜o Martinho da Serra. D. Kuwait 9 Department of Natural Sciences. Munakata3 . Rockenbach Da Silva1 . Australia. This cosmic ray detectors network is composed by muon scintillators installed in Nagoya. Brazil 6 Australian Antarctic Division. Brazil 3 Department of Physics. Argentina . giving a better understanding of the cosmic ray particles modulation. approximately. E-mail: marlosrs@gmail. Dal Lago2 . The last solar minimum was special because their long duration and it was the first that the Global Muon Detector Network . Kato3 . A. Gonz´lez2 . Brazil Institute for Space Research (INPE-MCT). Faculty of Science. M. Australia 8 Physics Department. a J. Kuwait. Kuwait University. The work presents the Heliosphere characterization during the minimum solar activity.IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars Cosmic Ray Particles Behavior during the Last Solar Minimum M. K. Universidade do Vale do Para´ ıba. Duldig6 . T. Brazil. Kuwabara4 . Collage of Health Sciences. CIRs can be visualized in satellite data for each 27 days. H. University of Tasmania. C. W. Sabbah9 1 Instituto 2 National de Pesquisa e Desenvolvimento. L. Bieber4 . Australia 7 School of Mathematics and Physics. during this solar activity phase. I. Japan. Humble7 . N. Al Jassar8 . and it is possible to study the behavior of cosmic rays particles in two different regions with opposite magnetic field 88 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza. Kuwait Abstract. a and Kuwait City. the Public Authority of Applied Education and Training. It is possible to identify phenomena caused by the Corrotating Interaction Regions (CIRs). M. Japan 4 Bartol Research Institute and Department of Physics and Astronomy. Sharma8 . USA 5 Southern Regional Space Research Center (CRS/CCR/INPE-MCT). This crossing occurs in a period of time lower than a day. University of Delaware. M. J. Analyzing the GMDN data together with data from SOHO and/or ACE satellites it is possible to study the behavior of the cosmic ray particles and present a Heliosphere characterization during the minimum solar activity.GMDN operated in its full capacity. E. K. Schuch5 . Shinshu University.

We present the comparative study of the origin of LASCO/STEREO Halo and narrow Coronal Mass Ejections (CMEs) associated to the same active region and 89 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza. during descending and enhancing solar activity phases of the years 2006 and 2010. Argentina . We discuss about the radio signatures associated with the origin of the studied CMEs. L. Salas Matamoros.ucr. E-mail: carolina.IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars Radio Signatures Associated with the Origin of LASCO/STEREO CMEs C. Taliashvili CINESPA/UCR. CMEs associated to the distinct near-by active regions with consecutive Hα and X-ray flares accompanied by different type of radio bursts and the disappearance of filaments around the recent solar minimum. Costa Rica Abstract.

For Cycle 23 the series of storms is compared to solar and interplanetary observations from LASCO and EIT aboard SOHO and SWEPAM and MAG aboard ACE. 22 and 23. Dal Lago2 1 Instituto 2 Instituto de Astronom´ y F´ ıa ısica del Espacio. Argentina . Szajko1 . 90 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza. finding in Cycles 21 and 23 the largest storm concentration during the declining phase. Brazil Abstract.IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars Very Intense Geomagnetic Storms: Solar Sources. the larger storm occurrence is coincident with the period beetwen these peaks. and Earth events we have been able to identify the solar and interplanetary sources of each geomagnetic storm. A. G. Characteristics and Cycle Distribution N. E-mail: gcristiani@iafe. Using the Dst time series we have identified all the very intense geomagnetic storms that occurred during Solar Cycles 21. In Cycle 22. Argentina Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais. H. A value of Dstmin <-200 nT has been set as threshold for this identification.uba. Mandrini1 . We analize the geomagnetic storm distribution over each solar cycle. which shows two separated peaks. By timing the solar. Cristiani1 . interplanetary.

M. Ishitsuka2 . a Takahashi Refractor Telescope of 15 cm of aperture and the FMT (Flare Monitor Telescope) from Hida Observatory of Kyoto University. The Solar Station will be useful for the study at different levels of university education and also for the general public and schools. Per´ u u Abstract. Ishitsuka2 . H. The development of the u basic sciences will be guaranteed when the university students. a Digital Solar Spectrograph. Per´ u Geof´ ısico del Per´. The Solar Station will be a good mean to spread science in the region through public outreach. These equipments contribute to the development of Astronomical Science in Per´ and also to worldwide sciences. At u the Solar Station. Trigoso2 1 Universidad 2 Instituto Nacional San Luis Gonzaga de Ica.IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars A Solar Station in Ica: A Research Center to improve Education at the University and Schools R. teachers and researchers work together.The Universidad Nacional San Luis Gonzaga de Ica has built a Solar Observatory in cooperation with Geophysical Institute of Per´ and National Astronomical Observatory of Japan. E-mail: 91 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza. J. Terrazas Ramos1 . Argentina . the following equipments are installed: a Digital Monochromatic heliograph.

Selhorst3 a 1 ICATE-CONICET-UNSJ. We study the variation of the solar radius and the limb brightening at 212 and 405 GHz. For this purpose.IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars Solar Radius and Limb Brightening Variability in the Submillimetric Range L. V´lio2 . L. A comparison with different indices of solar activity. since 1999 are analyzed. In order to interpret the results. Argentina. A. daily maps obtained with the Solar Submillimeter-wave Telescope (SST) operating at El Leoncito. 2 Centro Argentina de R´dio Astronomia e Astrof´ a ısica Mackenzie (CRAAM). such as sunspot number and solar irradiance. A. Brazil Abstract. Brazil 3 Universidade do Vale do Para´ ıba .ar 92 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza.UNIVAP. Balmaceda1 . during the recent extended minimum of solar cycle XXIII. is also carried out. Argentina . the estimated parameters are contrasted with a semiempirical model of the solar atmosphere. C. E-mail: lbalmaceda@icate-conicet.gob.

including cases where no correlation was found. from the Ca II lines to Hα. These spectra are calibrated in flux and allow us to simultaneously study different spectral features. 309). our observing program is 12 years old. Buccino. Mauas IAFE.uba. M. We found that while some stars exhibit correlations between Hα and the Ca II lines. essentially the ratio of the flux in the core of the Ca II H and K lines to the continuum nearby. In 93 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza. we analyze the Hα–Ca II relation during the minimum and maximum of their chromospheric active regime. the slopes change from star to star. it has been claimed that both proxies were tightly correlated. Argentina . in an attempt to explain our previous results. For a long time. P. in 2007 our group found that the correlation between Ca II and Hα is mainly related to a colour component and is not the product of an activity phenomena (Cincunegui et al. Recently. in this work we analyze the relation between Hα–Ca II K fluxes individually for a set of a several solar-type stars of different level of activity. A&A. However. Meunier and Delfosse (2009.IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars A Statistical Analysis of the Hα-Ca II K Relation for Solar-Type Stars of Different Activity Levels A. E-mail: abuccino@iafe. 501. Vieytes. J. To date. Argentina Abstract. 1103) studied the contribution of plages and filaments in the Hα–Ca II relation in the Sun for different time scales. we have a large spectra database of 150 stars from dF6 to dM5. D. for variable stars. To discern if this flux-flux relation depends on the level of activity of the star and if it is associated to the distribution of active regions in the stellar atmosphere. A&A 469. based on our large spectra database obtained at CASLEO Argentinian Observatory. C. Another common activity proxy is the Hα-line. The usual indicator of chromospheric activity of dF to dK stars is the well known Mount Wilson S index. P.

I. P. Our spectroscopic data are of very high quality and have been carefully normalized to recover the proper shape of the Hα line profile. Per´ u u Observatories. We obtain Tef f values with internal errors of about 20 K. Cornejo Espinoza1 . We present a spectroscopic study of 68 solar-type stars to compute their effective temperatures by the Balmer line wing fitting procedure and compare them with the values obtained using other commonly employed methods. Agencia Espacial del Per´. Barklem3 . Guevara Day1 ırez 1 Departamento 2 Carnegie de Astrof´ ısica. Ram´ 2 . USA 3 Uppsala Astronomical Observatory. Argentina .CONIDA.gob. The flux level in the wings of the absorption lines from the Balmer series in cool dwarf stars like the sun is a good indicator of the star’s effective temperature (Tef f ). W.IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars Determination of the Effective Temperature from Hα Spectral Line Analysis of Solar-Type Stars D. We perform a spectroscopic study use the wings of the Hα spectral line (6563 ˚) and a very fine grid A of theoretical models calculated with the best atomic data and most recent quantum 94 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza. E-mail: dcornejo@conida. Sweden Abstract.

X-ray active F star HD 199143. After careful data processing. the precise position of solar X-ray emission levels in a broader astrophysical context is surprisingly uncertain. We observed the star in the Al-poly filter for a total of ∼12 hours on ingress and egress. Here we report on a new attempt at direct cross-calibration between solar and stellar missions: observations by Hinode XRT of a young. H.harvard. Argentina . This star has been previously studied by ROSAT and Chandra. We discuss the tentatively successful results in the context of the most up-to-date calibrations of Hinode. we searched for a small excess along the star’s apparent path. This is largely due to cross-calibration problems and the difficulty in observing the same targets with both solar and stellar instruments. Saar. E-mail: saar@cfa. Chandra and ROSAT count rates for this star. as well as further observational and analysis plans.IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars Calibrating the Sun-as-a-Star: Using Hinode XRT to Measure Stellar Coronae S. and is eclipsed by the Sun every January. P. Testa SAO. USA 95 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza. Despite decades of X-ray observations of both solar and stellar coronae with various instruments.

Taking into account all the literature. 2010. Argentina . E-mail: gcionco@frsn. Cionco UTN-FRSN. Argentina Abstract. Wolff and Patrone (Solar have developed a simple but very interesting model by which the movement of the Sun around the baricenter of the Solar system can creates potential energy that can be released by flows pre-existing inside the Sun (or another stars).ar 96 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza.utn. Recently.IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars Potential Energy Stored by Planets and Grand Minima Events R. this is the first mechanism showing how planetary movements can modify internal structure in the Sun that can be related to solar cycle. In this work I calculate the temporal evolution of potential energy (PE) stored in putative zones of Sun’s interior in which the PE is most efficiently stored taking into account detailed baricentric Sun dynamics. G. specially GM events. 266:227–246). I show strong variations of PE specially related to Grand Minima events (GM) and discuss possible implications of this mechanism to solar cycle.

These dynamical events are unique at these epochs and never have occurred before at least in the past millennium. Dalton minimum and the maximum of cycle 22 (around 1990).IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars A New Imminent Grand Minima? R.utn. We discuss our results in terms of a possible ’dynamical characterization’ of GM with relation to Sun dynamics. H. Argentina . several authors have proposed. Cionco1 .e. E-mail: gcionco@frsn. Our fundamental result is that the Sun acceleration decomposed in a co-orbital reference system shows a very particular behaviour that is common to Maunder minimum. 2 DCAO-UBA. The advance of this hypothesis is based on phenomenological correlations between dynamical parameters of the Sun’s movement around the barycenter of the Solar System and sunspots time series. We present new fully three dimensional Nbody simulations of the solar inertial motion (SIM) around the barycentre of the solar system in order to perform a phenomenological comparison between relevant SIM dynamical parameters and the occurrences of the last GM events ( R. G. In addition. Argentina Argentina Abstract. using different methodologies that the first GM of the new millennium is coming or has already begun. These dynamical similarities support the idea of an imminent important 97 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza. The planetary hypothesis of solar cycle is a former idea by which the planetary gravity acting on the Sun might have a non-negligible effect on the solar magnetic cycle. Compagnucci2 1 UTN-FRSN. Maunder and Dalton)..

E. Long trend. Keywords: Sunspot number. In this work. Sun-Climate. W. P. Brazil Abstract. D. Nordemann1 a 1 Instituto 2 Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais.IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars Long Term Relation between Sunspot Activity and Surface Temperature at Different Geographical Regions 98 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza. The global surface temperature has risen since ∼1900. However. Souza Echer1 . R. Rigozo2 . the climate system is characterized by cyclical natural patterns. J. Echer1 . Gonz´lez1 . Surface air temperature. such as solar activity. Brazil Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais. R. There are differences in the long term temperature trend for northern and southern hemisphere latitudes. The anthropogenic activity may have contributed partially to this variation of the temperature through enhanced greenhouse gases emissions. These differences and the relation with sunspot activity will be discussed in this work. Centro Regional Sul. Argentina . while temperature series show still a trend of rise after that. Wavelet E-mail: marizaecher@gmail. It has noted that a maximum in solar activity occurred around ∼1970. D. we compare the long term variability of solar activity (as quantified by the sunspot number) with several surface temperature series from different geographical regions (global. N. and the role of external forcing. The interval of analysis is 1880–2005 and the data are analyzed with wavelet multiresolution technique. can not be underestimated. hemispheric and latitudinal ranges).

IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars Parallels among the ”Music Scores” of Solar 99 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza. Argentina . France Abstract. This frequency shift event is strongly related to the termination of the Maunder minimum. Koll´th1 . Ol´h1 . These recurrent ”tunes”. UK 3 Paris Observatory. Time-frequency distributions are perfect tools to disclose the ”music scores” in these complex time series. like frequency splitting. In the indicators of solar activity at least four independent cyclic components can be identified. E-mail: Lidia. K.3 a a 1 Konkoly 2 MSSL.vanDriel@obspm. We ask the question whether or not this frequency shift can be a precursor of the behavior of the recent solar cycle. provide additional clues for understanding processes like the Waldmeiereffect. like modulations of the harmonics of the length of the 11-year solar cycle. Special features in the time-frequency distributions. or modulations on different timescales provide clues. due to their regular nature. Observatory.2. The long-term modulation of solar activity went over a frequency shift (a glissando) around 1700. all of them with temporal variations in their timescales. which can reveal similar trends among different indices like sunspot numbers. starting around 1950. Hungary University College London. most probably in connection with a frequency split in the Gleissberg cycle. van Driel-Gesztelyi1. Analyzing long-term data with such ”music scores” can bring to light recurrent structures hidden in other data representations. L. Solar variability and its effects on the physical variability of our (space) environment produce complex signals. can be used for forecasting the cycle. Space Weather and Earth’s Climate Z. Parallels and differences of the different periodic components within the same dataset. LESIA. interplanetary magnetic field strength in the Earth’s neighborhood and climate data. We identify a very similar structure in the ”scores” of recent solar activity.

Fukui et al. where the presence of planets manifests through stellar light variations caused by the transit of a planet in front of the star’s disk. Mauas1 . Melita1 e 1 IAFE. Taking into account all of this. Measurements from the first method lead to determine period. evolutive stage. particularly if surveys are ground-based. It is well known that the time interval between succesive transits of an unperturbed planet is always the same. the masses and radii of each planet (and therefore their densities) can be determined without radial-velocity measurements. But the presence of another planetary-mass body in the system can produce variations of the transiting-planet period duration due to their gravitational interaction. Until now. Combining the parameters obtained from both techniques. the most fruitful detection techniques are: i) the Doppler method. The main purpose of this instrument is the detection of TTVs in transiting systems from the Southern Hemisphere through great quality observations and high-precision photometry. 2 OAC. ii) the transit method. 2011. 2011. it would be possible determine the planetary density. at present there are many groups around the world using small telescopes looking for TTVs in transiting systems (Ford et al. based on measurements of stellar radial-velocity periodic variations due to the gravitational pull exerted by a near planet. Buccino1 . depends on the accuracy with which the middle of the transit can be measured and the time-interval between observations (Holman & Murray 2005). none of these methods would be sensitive for a planet as small as 100 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza. Argentina . M. Argentina Argentina Abstract. eccentricity and minimun mass of the planet. The feasibility of detecting additional planets in transiting systems using TTVs. Transit observations provide orbital period and planetary radius. Since the discovery of the first extrasolar planet around a main sequence-star (Mayor & Queloz 1995) more than 500 planetary-mass objects orbiting around stars with different characteristics (spectral type. Payne & Ford 2011).IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars TTVs Detection in Southern Hemisphere Stars R. On the other hand. we present the first measurements of planetary transits made with the Horacio Ghielmetti Telescope (THG) located at the Complejo Astron´mico El Leoncito (CASLEO) in o Argentina. A. The advantage of these over big telescopes is that it is possible to do a continuos photometric monitoring of many targets. However. Petrucci1 . Jofr´2 . in the future we plan to incorporate cold stars to our sample in a attempt to find long-term photometric variations which can indicate the presence of stellar activity. etc) have been detected. which can be remotely controled. Even more.uba. P. E. systems in which two planets transit their star. E-mail: romina@iafe. Schwartz1 . This telescope is a 40 cm MEADE. The TTVs (transit timming variations) are the only method capable of detecting Earth-size planets and whose detections can be confirmed latter. and in some cases terrestrial-mass planet will produce a measureble effect. These TTVs (transit timming variations) depend on the mass of the additional planet. M. Even more exciting.

low clouds. Ultraviolet Radiation A (UVA) and Sea Surface Temperature (SST) in the Southern Hemisphere.unam. We also found that some series show persistence with which we can make predictions for the future of the same trend. however other kind of biological process has been proposed too. M´xico e 101 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza. Argentina . we found that the series analyzed have different periodicities which are associated with weather and solar phenomena such as El Ni˜o (ENSO). Actually it is accepted that terrestrial biota not only adapts to environmental conditions but influences them through regulations on the chemical composition of the atmosphere.IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars Climate Interaction Mechanism Between Solar Activity and Terrestrial Biota J. Osorio Rosales. In the present study we used different methods to investigate the relationship between the dimethyl sulphide (DMS). B. UNAM. Mendoza Ortega Instituto de Geof´ ısica. E-mail: jaime@geofisica. n Quasi-Biennial Oscillation in the Stratosphere (QBO) and the average changes in solar activity. The solar activity has been proponed as one of main factors of Earth climate variability.

IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars The Coronae of Ca II HK-Selected Magnetic Grand Minimum Candidate Stars 102 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza. We use a recent method (Saar 2011) for identifying candidate stars in magnetic grand minima. USA Abstract. Testa SAO. We present initial results on the X-ray properties of these stars and compare them with the Sun and other low activity stars. Argentina . P. Saar.harvard. compared to other dwarfs. A sample of the brighter of these stars has now been studied with Chandra. and the variability of these levels. H. which is based on a combination of their mean Ca II HK emission levels as a function of metallicity. E-mail: saar@cfa.

C.IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars Seeing Measurement at Sasahuine Mountain. This is a compilation of the work done to date on reduction and photometry of astronomical images using IRAF. 103 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza. The present work is part of a bigger investigation which seeks to evaluate potential astronomical observation sites in the Peruvian territory by executing missions called JANAX. measuring the full width at half maximum (FWHM) which is the angular size of the image of a star with half the peak intensity level. in the town of Cambrune. P. If there were not a terrestrial atmosphere nor interstellar dust between an external source of radiation (eg. W. Samanes. due only to the optical effects on the telescope (because of the light diffracting and producing a pattern with concentric dark and bright rings around the objects image). Per´ o o u Abstract. located high in the department of Moquegua (4511 meters above sea level ). Argentina .gob. E. this radiation would reach the telescope and form a diffraction pattern called Airy disk. Ferradas Alva a Comisi´n Nacional de Investigaci´n y Desarrollo Aeroespacial. One of the greatest factors that affect significantly the quality of astronomical images is the atmospheric turbulence causing what we call ”seeing”. Moquegua. Huam´n Espinoza. Guevara Day. obtaining preliminary measurements of ”seeing” in the Sasahuine mountain astronomical site. Per´ u M. These missions main objective is to gather data to validate the place for the future construction of a National Astronomical Observatory E-mail:mhuaman@conida. being this the aim of our study. Becerra. To validate this place for astronomical observation meteorological and sky quality measurements were made. J. a celestial body) and our telescope (on Earth). In Astronomy this ”seeing” is quantified using the stellar profile.

Costa Rica. Argentina . 104 3-7 October 2011 – Mendoza. Otiniano Ormachea. Guevara Day (LAGO collaboration) Comisi´n Nacional de Investigaci´n y Desarrollo Aeroespacial. Per´ o o u The Large Aperture GRB Observarory is a continental-wide observatory devised to detect high energy (around 100 GeV) component of Gamma Ray Bursts (GRB). Venezuela and Per´. E. Tueros Cuadros. Details of the installation and operation of the detectors in e u Marcapomacocha in Per´ at 4550 m a. W. M´xico.l are given. J. by using the single particle technique in arrays of Water Cherenkov Detectors (WCD) at high mountains sites of Argentina. Also a calibration method of the detector will be u present. Colombia.s.IAU Symposium 286 Comparative Magnetic Minima: Characterizing Quiet Times in the Sun and Stars Installation and Operation of the Water Cherenkov Detector for the Large Aperture GRB Observatory (LAGO) L. Bolivia.

Author List .

42. 94. p. • Ezequiel Echer. p. 5. 26. p. p. p. 54. • Alessandro Bemporad. p. p. p. 103. 79. 15. e • John Bieber. • Volker Bothmer. • Rodolfo G. 88. p. 77. • Ximena Abrevaya. 30. • Pedro Corona Romero. p. a • Ruby M. p. p. 68. • Simon Candelaresi. 77. • Allan Sacha Brun. 92. 43. p. • Mark Giampapa. 10. • Arnab Choudhuri. 42. p. 6. • Paul Barklem. p. • Matthew Browning. • Christiano Brum. 44. 88. e • Pascal D´moulin. • Barbara Emery. • Vidyia C. • Edward Cliver. p. 55. p. 67. p. p. 55. p. • Hala Al Jassar. e • Marc DeRosa. 30. • Sant Agrawal. P. p. p. p. • Robert Erd´lyi. 90. p. p. p. 88. 73. p. 76. 68. • Laura Balmaceda. • Carolina Cincunegui. 61. p. p. 31. • Sarah Gibson. e • Cristian Ferradas Alva. 34. 94. p. p. • Rodrigo D´ p. p. p. p. p. p. • Eckhard Bosman. 12. p. 10. p. 83. 55. p. p. • Giuliana de Toma. 42. • Rosa Compagnucci. p. 31. . 15. 90. • Juan Fontenla. 12. • Sergio Dasso. o • Joaquim Costa. • Jos´ C. p. 32. 55. 81. 29. 97. • Mausumi Dikpati. 8. 46. 33. p. Cornejo Espinoza. p. 67. p. 79. p. • Hebe Cremades. p. p. • Benjamin Brown. p. • Inez Batista. 88. • Patricio Becerra. • Eduardo Cort´n. p. p. p. p. 41. • Rainer Arlt. Cuervo Osses. 35. • Axel Brandenburg. p. 7. p. p. p. • Deysi V. 20. p. p. • Marcus Duldig. Cionco. p. p. • Marlos da Silva. 103. 98. • Richard Frazin. • Fabio del Sordo. p. 83. 72. p. 73. p. • C´sar Bertucci. • Tatiana Egorova. p. 10. p. p. 100. 44. 88. • Abraham Chian. Dwivedi. 24. • Alisson Dal Lago. 87. ıaz. p. 44. 44. p. p. p. • Germ´n Cristiani. • Xavier Bertou. e • Wolfgang Finsterle. p. • Yvonne Elsworth.• Mangalathayil Abdu. 37. p. 72. 17. 42. 21. 63. 66. • Andrea Buccino. p. 20. p. del Toro Iniesta. • Claudia Candido. • Andr´ Fehlmann. 85. p. p. p. 23. p. 8.

81. 67. p. 11. p. p. p. p. 36. 18. p. Am´rico Gonz´lez Esparza. • Heidy Guti´rrez. p. 83. 42. • Ovidiu Maris. 70. p. • Valent´ Mart´ ın ınez Pillet. p. p. 103. • John Humble. p. p. p. 87. 13. ıas • Hidefumi Matsuzaki. 78. 82. a a • Heidi Korhonen. 11. • R. Todd Hoeksema. • Adriana Gulisano. 38. 94. p. p. 18. p. Karak. • Robert Lionello. p. p. • H. 88. p. p. 88. 47. • Fernando L´pez. o • Ram´n L´pez. Kato. Mandrini. 49. 101. a a • Rudolf Komm. 85. 90.• Carlos Gim´nez de Castro. • Rachel Howe. • Madhulika Guhathakurta. 55. 75. a • Zhenguang Huang. e • Petri K¨pyl¨. • Chihiro Kato. p. 103. 23. p. p. p. • James Klimchuk. 82. p. • Mariela Huam´n Espinoza. p. o • Janet Luhmann. • Takao Kuwabara. • Cristina H. 100. • Lan Jiang. p. p. 88. p. p. 63. • Petrus Martens. • Blanca Mendoza Ortega. • Bidya B. 50. p. e • Walter Gonz´lez. p. 91. 30. 65. p. 14. p. • Jos´ Ishitsuka. 55. • Mario Melita. p. 75. p. 15. 73. 100. p. 100. p. p. o o • Marcelo L´pez Fuentes. • Jiuhou Lei. p. 28. p. • Jimmy Mas´ Meza. p. 88. • Kazuho Horiuchi. p. 98. • Emre Isik. p. p. • Mar´ Luisa Luoni. 42. 70. p. 28. • Eckart Marsch. 85. • Zolt´n Koll´th. 42. p. p. p. • Jeffrey Linsky. 75. 91. • Erik Meza. p. • Frank Hill. • Scott McIntosh. . • Lurdes Mart´ ınez Meneses. p. p. p. 103. p. ıa • Ward Manchester IV. 36. • Walter Guevara Day. 80. • Marialejandra Luna Cardozo. p. 22. p. 60. p. 26. 80. p. p. p. 27. • William Matthaeus. • Carla Jacobs. p. Leamon. 87. p. p. • Pablo Mauas. 41. p. p. • Christina Lee. p. 34. p. e • Margit Haberreiter. p. 70. 99. p. • Timothy Larson. p. 31. p. p. 21. 35. • Emiliano Jofr´. 36. • J. e • Mutsumi Ishitsuka. p. 79. 93. p. 104. 18. • Neal Hurlburt. • Georgeta Maris. 26. p. p. p. a • J. e a • Gustavo Guerrero. p. 35. 18. 32. 86. p.

18. • Marilena Mierla. 62. • Kazuoki Munakata. p. p. p. • Vladimir Obridko. 48. 32. p. • Kiyoto Shibasaki. p. 59. 94. p. 64. p. 74. p. • Jenny M. 92. Rodr´ ıguez G´mez. p. • Erico Rempel. p. • Katalin Ol´h. p. p. 35. 49. • Hideaki Motoyama. 54. p. • Matthias Rempel. 73. p. 58. • Mark Miesch. u • Werner Schmutz. a • Jorge Samanes. • Romina Petrucci. p. • Oscar A. • Michael Proctor. p. • Daniel Nordemann. 70. p. • Mar´ Emilia Ruiz. p. 23. a • Jacov Portnoy. p. 62. p. p. • Hiroko Miyahara. • Zoran Mikic. 57. 13. p. 88. p. 82. • Etienne Pariat. p. p. 26. • G. • Dmitry Sokoloff. . 88. 18. • Gordon Petrie. p. p. 86. p. p. 9. • Iv´n Ram´ a ırez. 88. • Nivaor Rigozo. 72. • Constantin Oprea. p. p. • Pete Riley. p. 100. o • Stefan Poedts. 20. 43. 76. • Luis Otiniano Ormachea. 51. 52. 102. 27. • Jaime A. p. • Dmitri Ponyavin. p. 84. 58. p. 87. 42. p. a • Matthias Rheinhardt. p. p. 54. Restrepo Gait´n. • Dibyendu Nandi. 43. 33. p. 98. 82. p. p. p. p. p. e n • Guadalupe Mu˜oz Mart´ n ınez. p. 99. • Mart´ Schwartz. • Mariano Poisson. 85. • Eric Priest. 36. • Sami Solanki. 39. 98. p. • P. p. Shearer. • Federico Nuevo. p. • Carolina Salas Matamoros. p. 95. 86. ıa • Christopher Russell. • Karel Schrijver. p. Sobko. p. • Nelson Schuch. • Dhrubaditya Mitra.• Richard Mewaldt. p. ın • Caius Selhorst. 10. p. 42. 104. 13. p. 54. p. p. 72. 76. p. 100. 43. p. 32. p. p. • Ismail Sabbah. p. • Jesper Schou. 27. p. 36. 86. 101. p. 42. • J¨rgen Schmitt. p. p. • Andr´s Mu˜oz Jaramillo. 89. 19. • Giovanni Pinz´n Estrada. 36. • Alexander Shapiro. p. • Terry Onsager. p. p. p. 70. p. • Steven Saar. p. p. 23. 82. p. 87. o • Paolo Romano. • Eugene Rozanov. • Madan Sharma. • Katja Poppenh¨ger. 1. Osorio Rosales. p. p. • Seth Redfield. p. 103. p. 88.

e • Bernardo Vargas. p. p. 75. p. 10. • Liang Zhao. 84. • Juri Toomre. p. • Natalia S. p. 93. p. 3. 64. 40. 89. p. p. 92. p. a • Lidia van Driel-Gesztelyi. • Leif Svalgaard. • Edith Tueros Cuadros. 23. 33. p. • Lela Taliashvili. 102. p. 52. Zadkov. 25. p. Vieytes. p. . • Ra´l Terrazas Ramos. 91. 77. • Viacheslav Titov. • Ilya Usoskin. 78. p. 70. • Marcel Sutter. • Maurizio Ternullo. 35. p. • Bruce Tsurutani. p. • Barbara Thompson. p. p. • Brian Wood. 98. 99. • Dadan Tiwari. a • Gary Verth. p. p. 41. 81.• Mariza Souza Echer.21. 70. p. p. p. 20. p. 62. p. 85. p.26. • Francesco Zuccarello. p. • Yusuke Yokoyama. 32. 27. p. p. • Jos´ Vald´s Galicia. e e • Adriana V´lio. 49. 74. 104. p. • Fuyuki Tokanai. 18. • Joern Warnecke. 42. p. • Michael Thompson. • Raphael Steinitz. p. p. • Alberto V´squez. p. p. 76. p. 2. • Vladimir Trukhin. 53. • Yasuhiko Yamaguchi. p. p. p. • Lucas Ramos Vieira. u • Paola Testa. 95. • V. p. 70. p. p. 91. p. • Mariela C. 48. 32. p. • Jos´ Vaquero. 23. p. Szajko. p. 40. • Nadezhda Zolotova. p. p. p. 90. 99. p. 62. • James Weygand. 19. • Francesca Zuccarello. 42. • Andrey Tlatov. p. • Hugo Trigoso.

Symposium participants .

• C´sar Bertucci.ihy2007@gmail.utoronto. gcionco@frsn. jti@iaa. • Inez • Vidyia C. • Deysi Cuervo • Alisson Dal Lago.uni-goettingen. sdasso@iafe. • Fabio del Sordo. fadiesis@gmail. • Simon Candelaresi. e • Marc • Marlos da • Maximiliano Crescitelli.p.uba.uba. • Pedro Corona Romero. Cornejo • Edward • Ezequiel Echer. • Germ´n • Hebe • Allan Sacha e • Volker Bothmer. • Rodolfo G. gcristiani@iafe. • Matthew Browning.ernet.echer@gmail. hebe. . albertut@hotmail. • Jos´ C. cbertucci@iafe. detoma@ucar.utn.utn. sacha. abraham.• Ximena Abrevaya. • Laura • Arnab • Yvonne Elsworth. • Giuliana de • Axel Brandenburg. • Abraham • Sergio Dasso. edcliver@gmail.brun@cea. rmcuervoo@gmail. del Toro Iniesta. vidya. a • Ruby • Rainer Arlt.

ferl1983@hotmail. o • Gustavo .ernet. • Laurene • Sarah • Jon o o • Marcelo L´pez• Cristian Ferradas • Fernando L´ • Pablo • Hiroko e • Margit Haberreiter. margit. • Frank Hill. hmiya@icrr. • Mar´ Luisa • Marialejandra Luna Cardozo.isik@iku. • Emre • Jeffrey Linsky.berkeley. mluoni@iafe.ferradas@pucp. • Eduardo Mendoza. bidya • Lurdes Mart´ ınez • Blanca Mendoza • Madhulika Guhathakurta. e. • Heidi Korhonen.unam. • Romina Garc´ rominita ıa.guhathakurta@nasa. linkerj@predsci. • Heidy Guti´rrez. o • Ram´n L´ • Daniel G´mez. o • Janet Luhmann. lurdesmartinez5@yahoo. lopezf@iafe. mend@inaoep. fhill@noao. ljouve@ast. • Francisco Iglesias. pablo@iafe. • Neal ıa • Cristina • Bidya B. • Mark Giampapa. mluna@iafe. blanca@geofisica. relopez@uta. • Dibyendu • Carolina Salas Matamoros. • Leif ıa • Steven a • Eric u . • Raphael • Constantin Oprea. sokoloff@dds. • Andr´s Mu˜oz Jaramillo.harvard. • Jenny M.srcc.• Kazuoki o • Mariano • Dmitry Sokoloff.taliashvili@cinespa. lela. o • Eugene • Ra´l Terrazas Ramos. Restrepo Gait´ • Jaime A. werner. gapinzone@unal. jemfisi@hotmail. • Katja Poppenh¨ • J¨rgen eric@mcs.poppenhaeger@hs. mternullo@oact. leif@leif. raphael@bgu. jschmitt@hs. • Mar´ Emilia • Natalia S. Rodr´ ıguez G´mez. oscres@gmail. mreinhardt@nordita. • Giovanni Pinz´n Estrada. schrijver@lmsal. • Karel Schrijver. Szajko.harvard. meruiz@iafe.uni-hamburg. lupitamuma@gmail. Osorio Rosales. u • Werner • Oscar • Romina e n • Guadalupe Mu˜oz Mart´ n ı a • Matthias Rheinhardt. • Federico • Maurizio Ternullo. • Caius Selhorst.inaf. pajarin@gmail. • Lela Taliashvili. a • Mariela • Francesco Zuccarello. Vieytes. • Nadezhda Zolotova. Lidia. mjt@ucar. • David e • Bernardo • Edith Tueros Cuadros.usoskin@oulu.webb@bc. david. • Joern Warnecke. • Alberto V´ • Ilya Usoskin. ilya.uba.• Michael • Adriana V´lio. erlindatc@gmail. . • Lidia van Driel-Gesztelyi. Valle • Jos´ • Andrey Tlatov.zuccarello@wis. myagkalapka@gmail. francesco. a • Jorge F.