This booklet has been written for you, to help you use and enjoy fully your F + R zigzag sewing machine. Before you start to use this machine, please take a few minutes to study this booklet. You will find it will be time well spent in understanding your machine. If you have any questions regarding the use of your sewing machine please do not hesitate to contact your supplier or ourselves.

Frister + Rossmann Sewing Machines, Limited. Mark Way, SWANLEY. Kent. BR8 8NQ


Adjusting bobbin tensions .................... .. 12 Adjusting for good stitches ........... ..... 28 Adjusting top tensions ............. .......... .. .. 12 A ppliqueing ................... ........ ......... ... ..._23 Attaching presser foot .................................. 7 7...... Blind stitching ......................... .... ....... 29 Buttonhole making ... i n. ...... ... ... ... .... .... 25 -26 Button sew ing .................... ............................ 27 Connecting machine 4 4........... Converting to free-arm sewing ............ ............. 5 Darning and free hand embroidery .... 34 Elastic stretch stitching ......................... ........ 32 Fancy hem m ing .................................................. 35 Fault findings ........... ...................... . .. 42 - 43 Feed dog control ................. ....... 17 Free-arm sew ing .............................. ........ 38 If your suits w ere torn .................................... 3 Lace sew ing ...................... 22........ Leather sew ing ....................... ...... ..... ...... 28 ... M achine identification ....................................... 2-3 Needle and thread table ., . . . . . ........... 8 Now you can start sewing ............................ ..... 19 O iling m achine ............ .. ........... ..... ...... 40 - 41 Overcast stretch stitching ......................... .. ...... 30 Partslist ............. ..................... .. 44 - 45 Placem ent of needle ..................................... .... . 7 Pressure adjustm ent ........................................... 17 Rem oving lint ......................... .. .... ... ....... ..... 39 Reverse stitch control ................. .. ....... ..... 14 S ew ing light ...................................... .... 6 Smocking stretch stitching .... _ . 31 Special stitch selector and indicator 14-16 4... Stitch length control ................ .. ... .... .. ...... 13 Stitch w idth control ..................... .. ..... .. . .... 13 Straight stitching ..... ...... ........ ..... .20 Stretch stitching ............... ................. 21 The double needle ............................. ........... 36 -37 Threading of top thread ....... ................ ..... . ,.11 Threading the bobbin case ..................................... 10 W inding the bobbin ..... ............ .... .... .... . 9 Zigzag and straight stitching plate ......... . 8 Zipper sewing ...... .24


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7, 8. 9.

Accessory box Needlle plate Feed dogs Presser foot Threadguide Thread guide Thread tension spring Thread guide Face cover

10, M1 12. 13, K4 15. 16. 17. M8

Built- in tension regulator Thread take -up Channel for simplified threading Specialstitch selector Special stitch indicator Stitch width control Reverse stitch control Stitch length control Shuttle cover







• .. ......30

- • ._•.I'

..... 32

33 21-

19 .. . .... .

19. Nomenclature plate 20MConnector 21. Rear support release button 22. Power/light switch 23. Automatic clutch 24. Bobbin winder 25, Retractable spoof pin 26, Hole for extra spool pin

27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33.

Bobbin winder tension disc Thread guide Presser foot lever Thread cutter Needle clamp screw Changeable needle plate Rear support


The power/light switch is located at the right of the machine column. As the colours of the wires in the mains lead of this appliance may not correspond with the coloured markings identifying the terminals in your plug. Push foot control plug into the connector socket at the right hand side of machine column. The wire which is coloured brown must be connected to the terminal which is marked with the letter L or coloured red. your machine must be disconnected from the mains supply by removing the plug from the socket outlet.CONNECPTIN IMPORTANT. Power/light sic 4 . Fit a 3 amp fuse when using a 13 amp IBS 1363) fused plug. If any other type of plug is used protect with a 5 amp fuse either in the plug or adaptor or at the distribution board. MACHINE The wires in this mains lead are coloured in accordance with the following code: Blue: Neutral. Brown: Live. See illustration. This appliance complies with EEC Oirective 82/499/EEC covering suppression against radio interference. When leaving your machine or when servicing or changing mechanical parts or accessories. If in doubt consult a competent electrician before use. proceed as follows: The wire which is coloured blue must(S be connected to the terminal which is marked with the letter N or coloured black.

ONVERTING TO FREE-ARM SEWING Release Button Ftg. and reposition the accessory box. pull the rear support toward you until it snaps in place. 1) 2. 2 1 Remove the accessory box from the machine by lifting it from the left side. (Fig. Push the release button tilting the machine toward you slightly and the rear support will pop out to the back for free-arm sewing. I Rear Support Fig. To return to flat-surface sewing. (Fig. 21 3. 5 . 1.

2). twist old bulb away from you and remove. 1). (See Fig. 2 . The power/light switch is located on the side of the machine column. 1 Fig. open the face cover plate by swinging it towards left. Fig.SEWING LIGHT The sewing light is placed inside the face cover plate as shown. and illuminates the sewing area only. (See Fig. Then insert new bulb. "DISCONNECT FROM MAINS SUPPL Y BEFORE CHANGING BULB" "DO NOT USEA BULB OF MORE THAN 15W"To change bulb.

Hold needle so that the flat side is away from you. Loosen the presser foot thumb screw. slip blunt end of needle as far as it will go into needle clamp. 7 . the machine is now titled with a 'FINGER GUARD'I as shown in the illustration alongside. Tighten clamp screw. Tighten the screw using a large screwdriver and make sure that the foot secure. Should it become detached. is (C FINGER GUARD In order to prevent your fingers accidentally coming into contact with the needle. 4I Flat side away from you. raise the presser bar to its highest position by raising the presser toot lever. choose the proper toot and insert from the front.ATTACHING PRESSER FOOT To attach the foot. it can easily be re fitted in the manner shown..1 'PLACEM1ENT OF NEEDLE Raise needle bar to its highest position by turning handwheel toward you. or should you remove it. Loosen needle clamp screw.

denim. light weight woolens. seersucker. batiste. The size of the needle should conform to the size of the thread and both should be suitable to the material. gingham. 8 . Medium weight cottons. Thread Size Cotton60. Continental American Blue shank needle 70(7) or 80(8) 80(8) or 90(9) 11 or 12 12 or 14 100(10) 16 Heavy weight cottons. For successful sewing of stretch fabrics use the stretch stitch foot with gold shank and stretch stitch needles with blue shank.100 Synthetic Machine embroidery Cotton Synthetic Silk A Machine embroidery Cotton 60 -80 Mercerized 50 60 Synthetic Cotton 30 . medium weight synthetics. medium to heavy weight woollens.60 Mercerized heavy duty Needle Size Fabric All stretch fabrics.NEEDLE AND THREAD TABLE Use System 705 needles. Sheer cottons. silk synthetics. dimity. Never use a bent needle nor one with a blunt point. fine laces. linen. poplin. velvet. The same size thread should be used in the bobbin as on the upper part of the machine for ordinary sewing.

When bobbin is full. * 00 Push latch.INDING THE BOBBIN Follow the procedures directed by 4 illustrations below. Push in hand wheel to return to stitching position. 9 . winding mechanism stops. Release clutch by pulling hand wheel.

Pull thread under tension spring. Holding latch.THREADING THE BOBBIN CASE Raise needle to its highest position. 4 10 . release latch. position case into shuttle. open shuttle cover and remove bobbin case from shuttle by gripping spring loaded latch.0 remove accessory box. Insert a full bobbin into bobbin case as illustrated.

The needle must be threaded from front to rear. Pull upper thread to bring up the bobbin thread (See Fig. draw thread through rear thread guide (See Fig. 11 . 1). Place both threads under and to the back of the presser foot. Always have fabric under the presser foot when operating the machine. bring up bobbin thread by raising Fi. IMPORTANT: Always turn the handwheel toward you IWhen the machine is not being used.44 presser foot holding top thread loosely in left hand and rotating handwheel towards you one complete turn. Continue to thread down through thread guides as shown in Figs. 4). place a piece of material over the feed dog and lower the presser foot. 2. Operating threaded machine without fabric will cause it to jam by forcing lint into the shuttle. 2). leaving 3 to 4 inches of thread clear.THREADING OF TOP THREAD Fig. Holding the spool stationary with the right hand. 2 and 3. Draw thread down and hook under thread tension spring. 2 Raise presser foot Pul up spool pinon top of machine and fit spool with thread coming from back of the spool. 1 Fig. then up through thread guide and thread take-up lever as shown in Fig. See page 39. After threading needle. into top threading channel towards you (See Fig.

. thickness of the fabric. the cause may be tight tensions and both upper and lower may be adjusted. INCREASE TENSION Turn clockw. 12 .is DECREASE TENSION Turn counter clockwise. . 0 A perfect straight stitch: Threads are locked between the two layers of fabric with no loops on top or bottom. LOWER THREAD TENSION REQUIRES ADJUSTMENT LESS FREQUENTLY THAN THE UPPER THREAD TENSION. When adjusting the tension on the bobbin case.ADJUSTING TOP TENSIONS There are many reasons for having to reset your tension. numbers of layers of fabric being sewn. The required tension depends upon the stiffness of the fabric. 1 and seam is badly puckered. adjust the upper thread tension. as in Fig. Upper thread too tightDecrease tension -Upper thread too looseIncrease tension ADJUSTING BOBBIN TENSIONS When stitching is unsatisfactory in figures 2 and 3 above. as well as the type of stitch you are making. When stitch is satisfactory. make slight adjustments with a screwdriver.

The stitch setting you use will be determined by the thickness of the fabric you are sewing. I STITCH WIDTH CONTROL This control regulates the width of the stitch you select. A higher stitch setting should be used for thicker fabric or more layers of fabric. 21¼ This control must be on "0" in order to do straight stitching. The higher the number. 13 . the wider the stitch. You may vary your zigzag and decorative stitching by adjusting this control to the setting you desire.STITCH LENGTH CONTROL The stitch length control regulates the length of the stitch you select. A basting stitch is made by using the highest possible stitch setting to make the longest possible stitch.

14 . turn the control clockwise and hold there during sewing.REVERSE STITCH CONTROL It is best to begin and end seams with a few stitches taken in reverse. SPECIAL STITCH SELECTOR AND INDICATOR There are certain types of practical stitches you will use often in your home sewing. The fabric will immediately start feeding backwards and seam will be fastened. Detailed instructions are given on the next three pages. When reverse stitching is needed. As you become familiar with this machine you will find this selector and indicator useful in sewing.

• I • Ii' U II io • *I• .-j .5 Stitch Width Control: 4 Blind Hem Fancy Hem I.o D You can make blind hemming by setting as follows: Special Stitch Selector: • Stitch Length Control: 1.-0I FCII-& + You can straight stitch and zigzag stitch by setting as follows: Special Stitch Selector: $ Stitch Length Control: any number 0.5 to 2 You can make fancy hemming by setting as follows: Special Stitch Selector: Stitch Length Control: 0.5 to 2 Stitch Width Control: 1.5 to 1 Stitch Width Control: 2 to 4 Elastic Stretch Overcast Stretch You can make elastic stretch stitching by setting as follows: Special Stitch Selector: I Stitch Length Control: 4 Stitch Width Control: near 3 You can make overcast stretch stitching by setting as follows: Special Stitch Selector: I Stitch Length Control: 4 Stitch Width Control: near 3 15 .SPECIAL STITCH SELECTOR AND INDICATOR Straight and zigzag stitch Menging Stitch I~~ tpiU' -R-i-Fi-.5 to 4 Stitch Width Control: 0 to 4 You can achive fine mending stitches by setting as follows: Special Stitch Selector: Stitch Length Control: near 0.

SPECIAL STITCH SELECTOR AND INDICATOR Smocking Stretch Stretch stitch (on straight and zig-zag) You can make smocking stretch stitching by setting as follows: Special Stitch Selector: @ Stitch Length Control: 4 Stitch Width Control: near 3 You can stretch stitch by setting as follows: Special Stitch Selector: Stitch Length Control: 4 Stitch Width Control: 0 to 4 Buttonhole Making These settings are for buttonhole making. Further instructions are given on pages 25 and 26. theselectormustbesetto f firstly. When you make buttonhole. 16 .

When the control is pushed to the right. If feed dog or presser foot marks appear on the fabric. skipped stitches. Make certain presser foot lever is in the up position during adjustment. the feed dogs drop and do not move the fabric. or difficulty in guiding the fabric.FEED DOG CONTROL The feed dog control is located in the shuttle cover. To increase the pressure. Increase pressure when sewing lighter weight fabrics. f5 Feed Dlog ___ ____ LIV 1~~~up) uEii~ ~I4- Feed Dog (down)3 r PRESSURE ADJUSTMENT 'DISCONNECT FROM MAINS SUPPLY BEFORE ADJUSTING" The pressure on the presser foot is regulated by turning the dial of this regulator which is situated in face cover plate (See illustration). When sewing multiple thickness or heavy fabric. turn the dial clockwise. For most of your sewing. There are a few times when you want to control the feeding of the fabric yourself. until a suitable pressure is obtainted. Insufficient pressure may cause poor feeding of the fabric. reduce the pressure. push up the control in order to release it to the left position. reduce the pressure. 17 . (Feed dog up).

The one with the small round hole is for regular straight stitching or straight stretch stitch sewing. 3 18 . Fg 4 Fl9. The one with the wide oval hole is to be used for all zigzag stitching. 3. 2 Fig. 4. Replace the needle plate insert positioning as shown in Fig 3.ZIGZAG AND STRAIGHT STITCHING PLATE Needle plate insert You are provided with two needle plate inserts. Push needle plate insert down to lock into place. Changing needle plate inserts 1 Raise needle to its highest position . 6. Remove accessory box from the machine. Open shuttle cover and push a spring under the plate as shown to release the needle plate insert. 5. Reposition the shuttle cover and accessory box. 2. Remove needle plate insert by placing thumb under edge of plate. and raise presser foot.

Start sewing. Turn on power/light switch. lower presser foot. insert the needle into the material by turning the handwheel toward you. (See illustration. place material under the presser foot.) 19 . To remove the work: Draw material to the rear and cut off excess thread with the thread cutter.NOW YOU CAN START SEWING Push the plug onto the connector.

STRAIGHT STITCHING This is the basic stitching that holds the garment together. Setting: Special Stitch Selector: Stitch Width Ccntrol: Stitch Length Control: 0. This is the middle range of the Stitch Length Control. The best length stitch to use for medium weight fabrics is 10-12 stitches per inch. You must remember to lengthen the stitch for heavier fabrics.5 to 4 0 054: 00 200 .

STR-ETCH STITCHINGThis special stretch stitch is ideally suitable for knitted fabrics and other stretch materials. The machine will make triple lock stitches-forwards. backwards and forwards. this special stretch stitch stretches with the fabric without breaking thread.producing a very strong stitch. Use stretch stitch foot for all kinds of sewing on stretch fabrics.) This is also a good stitch to use on curved seams that will receive a great deal of strain when worn. However. Regular stitching is broken when fabric is stretched as shown in the upper stitching. Sew as you do a regular straight stitch seam. Setting: Special Stitch Selector: Stitch Length Control: 4 0 to 4 Stitch Width Control: 21 . (See the lower stitching in the illustration. such as in children's shorts and slacks as well as adult sport clothes.

Setting: Special Stitch Selector: 1' Stitch Length Control: 1 to 2 Stitch Width Control: 0 0 1-2 22 .LACE SEWING Keep lace between fabrics as shown and continue stitching.

51N -23 23 . Setting: Special Stitch Selector: Stitch Length Control: Stitch Width Control: t: 0.5-1.5 10.5 to 1.APPLIQUEING Any applique design can be applied to your garment.5 2 to 2.

Enclose the cord in the bias strip. Set your machine as follows: Special Stitch Selector: .5 to 2 Stitch Width Control: 0 to the left of the needle so that theC Fg Val. cover the cord with a strip of bias from the fabric you are using.2 24 .. To sew on the right.. Attach the Zipper Foot. Regular zipper This foot is reversible so you can stitch to the right or to the left of a zipper or a cord. Cording: To make cording for slipcovers. To sew on the left place the foot needle passes through the opening on the right side of the foot.ZIPPER SEWING This foot is used to insert a zipper or to cover cording. (See Fig. etc. (See Fig.l Stitch Length Control: 1. 1). 2). adjust the foot so that it is to the right of the needle with the needle passing through the opening on the left side of the foot. o Fig.

near 0.5 Buttonhole guide 25 .BUTTONHOLE MAKING Carefully mark the buttonhole length on your garment. One of the buttonhole guides must be fixed to obtain perfect buttonholes Set your machine as follows: Special Stitch Selector: See page 26. Stitch Length Control: Between 0 and 1 Stitch Width Control: 3 to 4 t 3 4]. Place the fabric with the buttonhole marked under the buttonhole guide. Mount one of the buttonhole guides onto the presser foot so that rear edge of presser foot is at the rear end of the guide as shown below. Slide the guide forward so that the needle pierces the fabric at the beginning of the buttonhole.

marking of your buttonhole. 518". repeat only steps 1land 3. CORDED BUTTONHOLES Hook filler cord (crotchet thread or buttonhole twist) to the spur. Try the buttonhole with the button you will use.BUTTONHOLE MAKING Always make a practice buttonhole on a piece of the fabric to be used in the garment. By using these guides. When stitching is completed.I. They are 3/W" 1/2". Raise needle at its highest position as in step 1. To make firm well stitched buttonholes in heavier fabrics. Set stitch selector toO0 and bartack several times.You have been provided with an assortment of buttonhole guides in making buttonholes. you will accurately make U identical buttonholes every time. Set stitch selector toO0 again and bartack to complete buttonhole. Set stitch selector to 4l0. 13/16" and 13J" and are marked accordingly. Stop sewing at the right stitch and then raise needle as in steps 1 and 2. 2. Stop sewing at the right stitch.. release cord from foot.. Stop fjI O 0 _______ 3. Su 26 . 4. Stitch forward until you reach the front (jt sewing at the left stitch and then raise needle at its highest position by turning handwheel toward you manually. 1. Sew buttonhole in such a way that zigzag stitches cover the cord. pull both ends of cord forward under the guide. pull ends of cord and snip off extra length.. Set stitch selector ajtUrand continue sewing until needle reaches beginning of your buttonhole.

Adjust stitch width so that the needle point enters holes of the button. Draw these threads to reverse side of garment and tie. Setting: Special Stitch Selector: Stitch Length Control: Stitch Width Control: *width between Feed Dog: •: 0 holes of button DOWN 0 " When sewing on a flat button. place needle between holes of button as shown. 27 .BUlTTON SEWING Use button sewing foot. Align two holes of button with slot of presser foot and lower foot to hold the button securely. Finish sewing with an extra two inches of thread remaining.

Check the thread tension balance. If both threads break . 28 . nset anew size for the thread and fabric you are using. c. If lower thread breaks .LEATHER SEWING Use the roller foot when sewing leather.both tensions are too loose. and repeat test. if the bottom thread lays on the . The upper and bobbin thread should be matched in size and type. a. forming a triangle.tensions are balanced. Begin with a full bobbin. Both threads do not have to break at the same place. Use mercerized thread. See page 10 and 11 . and a correct size needle for the fabric you are using. b. If the top thread lays on the fabric loosen upper thread tension. c. Consult chart on page 8 for needle size. If seam is puckered . Make a line of stitching 112" from fold. If upper thread breaks . rubber or plastic materials. Set the stitch length at about 12 stitches per inch. ADJUSTING YOUR MACHINE FOR GOOD STITCHES When your sewing machine does not sew a properly locked stitch. See page 12 Grasp the stitching and pull with a snap to make threads break.loosen upper tension. Fold aSIV square of your fabric in half diagonally. properly threaded into the case. Do not try this test with synthetic thread as it will not break.tighten upper thread n eetts. You will obtain better results using a longer stitch length. If neither thread breaks . d. b.both tensions are too tight. check the following: eede o thecorectfabric 1 . 2. a. but they should break on the same snap.tighten upper tension. 3. When sewing such materials it is better to use straight or simple zigzag stitching rather than any of the built-in automatic practical stitches. Check threading carefully. 4.Sepg tnin 12.

Turn up required depth of hem and press Fold hem back against right side of garment with basted edge ixtending by about '4". Place garment under blind stitch foot with hem restng against guide and slide the guide by turning screw as in diagram so that one zigzag stich just catches the fold. Set your machine as shown.BLIND STITCHING UJse. I Turn raw edge over 1.2' a. Nibd stich foot and follow the insir ctlions below. d baste 2.5 to 3 2. 3.3 % N 1=-2 1Screw N N G 29 . 4 Remove baslon and press hem( - Selttig: Special Stitch Selector: Stitch Length Control: Stitch Width Control: 1.51.

This is the same type of stitch used by the garment industry in making sportwear. ski pants and other garments that require stretch. Setting: Special Stitch Selector: Stitch Length Control: 4 near 3 Stitch Width Control: C near 3 4 1 30 .OVERCASTING STRETCH STITCHING The raw edge of each seam allowance can be overcast to prevent further ravelling. The seam is formed and finished in one operation. It must be used when you are making swimwear.

The design will be a series of small diamonds. stitch over the gathers.SMOCKING STRETCH STITCHING With a narrow strip of fabric directly under the line of gathering. Setting: Special Stitch Selector. When smocking a garment. Make the design more interesting by using two different colors of thread. the stitching should be done before the piece is sewn into the garment. Stitch Length Control: 4 near 3 Stitch Width Control: :3 V I31 31 .

ELASTIC STRETCH STITCHING This is a good stitch to use in making or repairing lingerie. The stitch is decorative as well as useful. It has a lot of stretch to it and is strong as well. To do this mark the correct length piece into quarters and match these markings with center front and back of garment as well as side seams. making sure that the elastic is evenly distributed. Setting: Special Stitch Selector: I Stitch Length Control: 4 Stitch Width Control: near 3 n3 3 4 32 . Simply stitch the elastic into place around the waist of the garment.

.IF YOUR SUITS WERE TORN Mending stitch is useful in sewing straight or three cornered tear.5 4 4 near 0.5 33 . Setting: Special Stitch selector: Stitch Length Control: Stitch Width Control: near 0.

Move the fabric fast for long stitches. slowly for short stitches.DARNING AND FREE HAND EMBROIDERY Use darning foot. Setting: Selector: t: Special StitchControl: 0 to 4 Stitch Width DOWN Feed Dog: 34 34 . Stretch fabric between embroidery hoops and start sewing at a medium machine speed.

Setting: Special Stitch Selector: • Stitch Length Control: 0.FANCY HEMMING This attractive stitch is used for attaching lace. decorating pocket cover and so on as shown. As you become familiar with your machine. you will be able to find out new uses of this stitch. combining two pieces of fabric.5 to 1 Stitch Width Control: 2 to 4 Combining fabrics 1 Attaching lace Design on pocket ] r 24 Design an cuff 35 .

Placement of needle: Raise the needle bar to its highest position and loosen the needle screw. Pick up bobbin thread as for single needle sewing. Pull threads to back of foot and start to sew. Threading the double needle: Place the extra spool pin supplied in the right position of the top cover by screwing. The Stitch Width Control must never be set beyond 2. Tighten the screw. Turn hand wheel manually once to be sure needle will clear the presser foot. Slip the needle into the needle bar as far as it will go. Hold the double needle with the flat side away from you. The double needle will be broken if a wider stitch is used.THE DOUBLE NEEDLE The machine is set exactly the same as when using the single needle with one important exception. a 36 . Draw one thread through each side of the double thread guides and through each needle from front to back. Continue threading as you do for single needle sewing. Remove extra spool pin before replacing machine into carrying case. Place a spool of thread on each spool pin as shown. Draw both threads through upper threading path.

*Start with a full bobbin and plenty of thread on the spool to avoid running out of thread in the middle of your design. 'Always make a practice design on a scrap of the fabric you plan to use. 37 . complete the turn. shift fabric half the turn. Raise the presser foot again. stop stitching with the longer needle tip just piercing the fabric. lower presser foot and take one stitch. Turning a corner with double needle: To turn a square corner with a double needle. Whenever you use the double needle even for straight stitching.DOUBLE NEEDLE STITCHING You may find that you would like to use the double needle for designs. see the illustration. For your reference of uses of the designs. Raise the presser foot. remember the following things: 'Use a zigzag presser foot and needle plate slot. and begin stitching in the new direction. You will soon be combining designs and creating new uses when you become familiar with your machine.

pyjama legs. Sewing-in sleeves more easily. Sewing-in elastic casings at the waistline. Other advantages are: 1. cuffs. 4. embroidering or hemming around edges of cuffs or trouser legs. To convert to freearm just remove the accessory box and release the rear support as detailed on page 5.FREE-ARM SEWING This dual-purpose machine can be used as a flatbed machine and as a freearm machine. Appliqueing. The freearm enables you to sew tubular or cylindrical material which can be slipped onto the freearm as shown. baby clothes. 38 . socks.kSimpler mending at the elbows and knees of clothes. etc.( 2. trousers. particularly on smaller garments. 3. You can sew sleeves.

it is necessary to keep the essential parts clean at all tines. 4. . lint and an occasional tangled thread. Put a drop of oil on the center pin of the shuttle and shuttle race. Raise the needle bar to its highest point and remove the bobbin case. Shuttle Assembly Shuttle Race Cover Shuttle Shuttle Race 39 . Snap the levers into position. Push levers of shuttle race aside and lift hook ring and shuttle out.5. (see arrows) To reassemble. Slip shuttle race cover into place. Using a small brush. Clean the shuttle race with small brush. 3. remove the lint that accumulates in the shuttle area and fed dgs. hold shuttle by center pin and fit carefully into assembly opposite the shuttle driver. 2.REMOVING LINT To ensure the best possible operation of your machine. te roud To Clean the Shuttle Area: 1 This area must be kept free of dust.

oil as excess oil may soil the fabric. 40 . Moving parts indicated by arrows in the illustrations on this and the next page should be oiled sparingly from time to time. recognised sewing machine oil. Do not over. Swing hinged face cover plate open to oil points indicated at the end of machine head.OILING MACHINE To keep your machine running smoothly. proper oiling is of the utmost importance. It is recommended that you use good quality. A drop of oil should be placed through the hole indicated in the end cover plate.

41 .)ILING MACHINE emove arm cover plate to oil points ndicated in top of machine head. remove o top cover securing screws. o remove top cover plate.

Bent or blunt needle. Nicks or burrs on shuttle. Tight upper thread tension. Fabric too sheer or soft. Pulling fabric. Feed dog down. Loose upper thread tension. Incorrect setting of needle. Tight bobbin thread tension. Incorrect thread tensionls). Bent or blunt needle. Certain knits and synthetics. Feed dog down. Tight upper thread tension.FAULýT FINDINGS PROBLEM Irregular Stitches PROBABLE CAUSE Incorrect size needle. Incorrect size needle. Upper and lower threads not drawn back under presser foot. Thread caught in shuttle. Improper bobbin case threading. Starting to stitch too fast. Loose presser foot. Light pressure on presser foot. Improper threading. Lint in bobbin case or shuttle. Improper threading. Breaking Needles Bunching of Thread Puckering Skipping Stitches Breaking Upper Thread Breaking Bobbin Thread Fabric not Moving Machine Jamming (Knocking Noise) 42 . Loose presser foot. Incorrect setting of needle. Light pressure on presser foot. Nicks or burrs at hole of needle plate. Using two different sizes of or kinds of thread. Threads knotted under fabric. Loose presser foot. Nicks or burrs at hole of needle plate. Incorrect size needle. Pulling fabric. Sharp eye in needle. Light pressure on presser foot. Nicks or burrs on shuttle. Light pressure on presser foot. Unevenly wound bobbin. Incorrect size needle.

Ieart new needle (page 7). Check bobbin case threading (page 10). Upper thread and bobbin thread should be same size and kind. Chooe correct size needle for thread and fabric (page 8). Use underlay of tissue paper when stitching. Raise feed dog (paoe 18). Loosen bobbin thread tension (page 12). ncrease pressure on presser foot (page 17). hoose correct size needle for thread and fabric (page 8). Reset presser foot (page 7). Use blue shank needle (page 8). Start to stitch at a medium speed. eplace shuttle. Rethread machine (page 11). n•et needle (page 7). or polish off burrs completely. raw both threads back under presser foot (page 11). guide it gently. Raise feed dog (page 17). or polish off burrs completely. guide it gently. or polish off burrs completely. thread tension aghten upper o not pull fabric. or polish off burrs completely. Rset needle (page 7). Insert new needle (page 8). Disassemble and clean shuttle (page 39). Replace needle plate. Clean bobbin case and shuttle (page 39). Replace shuttle. eplace needle plate. nset presser foot (page 7). Insert new needle (page 7). increase pressure on presser foot (page 17). o not pull fabric. oosen upper thread tension (page 12). (page 12). ewind bobbin (page 9). eset presser foot (page 7). Reset thread tension(s) (page 12). P'lace both threads back under presser foot before beginning to stitch (page 11). Loosen upper thread tension (page 12). Increase pressure on presser foot (page 171. 43 . Choose correct size needle for thread and fabric (page 8).ORRECTION :hoose correct size needle for thread and fabric (page 8). ethread machine (page 11). Increase pressure on presser foot (page 18).

21 22 23 24 25 26 /22 J4 I .PARTS LIST 2 3 4 5 6 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 4-.

No. Parts number(s) and description(s) shown below. 13682 47 Description Bobbin case Shuttle hook 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 181 36353 40390 40752 47275 37701 41625 41624 41623 41622 41621 34482 614 45974 54612 38295 38296 17160 56302 1822 17351 35848 1824 1823 16500 8286 38098 42377 Bobbin Needle clamp Standard zigzag foot Straight stitch foot Blind stitch foot Zipper foot Buttonhole guide (1t" 2. hen ordering these parts.0 cm) Stretch stitch foot Button sewing foot Roller foot Darning foot Needle plate insert zigzag) Needle plate insert (straight) Needle threader Needles Oiler Light bulb Brush Screw driver (small) Screw driver (large) Buttonhole opener Extra spool pin Felt disc Finger guard 45 . which is situated on the back of the machine. please be ure to mention the following eferences: Model and serial numbers of machine shown on the nomenclature plate.0 cm) Buttonhole guide (V' 1. prices will be furnished on request.ARTS LIST I parts listed here may be ordered hrough our nearest agent.6 cm) Buttonhole guide (0z" 1. Part No.3 cm) Buttonhole guide ( 14" 1. Ref.7 cm) Buttonhole guide (%" 2. 1 2 2. When ordering by mail.

MEMO 46 .

47 .

MEMO 48 .

3/85 .PP.... 55140 . Printed inJapan Part No.

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