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Superficial Muscles Epicranius Orbicularis Oris Orbicularis Oculi Buccinator Zygomaticus Platysma Masseter Temporalis Sternocleidomastoid

Origin Occipital bone Maxillary bone Maxillary/frontal bones Maxillary/mandible bone Zygomatic bone Fascia of the upper chest Zygomatic arch Temporal bone Sternum/clavicle

Insertion Skin &muscles around eye Skin of lips Skin around eye Orbicularis oris Orbicularis oris Mandible Mandible Mandible Temporal bone

Action Raises eyebrow Close/protrude lips Closes eye Compresses cheeks Raises corner of mouth Draw angle of mouth down Closes jaw Closes jaw Pulls head to one side, pulls head towards chest, Raises sternum Rotates Scapula; raises arm; pulls Scapula medially and down Pulls the scapula anteriorly and down Adducts/extends arm; pulls arm across chest; medial rotation of arm Extends arm; adducts and rotates arm medially Extends/adducts/medial rotation of arm Abducts arm; extends or flexes arm Rotates arm laterally Flexes elbow; supinates forearm Flexes elbow Extends elbow Flexes wrist; abducts/adducts wrist & hand Extends wrist and fingers; abducts/adducts wrist and hand Tenses abdominal wall; compresses abdominal contents; flexes vertebrae Tenses abdominal wall;

Trapezius

Occipital bone; cervical and thoracic vertebrae Ribs Clavicle, sternum, ribs

Clavicle; Scapula

Serratus Anterior Pectoralis Major

Scapula Humerus

Teres Major Latissimus Dorsi Deltoid Infraspinatus Biceps Brachii Brachioradialis Triceps Brachii Wrist/Finger Flexor

Scapula Sacral, lumbar, thoracic vertebrae; illium, ribs Scapula; Clavicle Scapula Scapula Humerus Scapula; Humerus Humerus; Ulna

Humerus Humerus Humerus Humerus Radius Radius Ulna Metacarpals; Carpals; Phalanges, facia of the palm Metacarpals; Phalanges

Wrist/Finger Extensor

Humerus

Rectus Abdonminis

Pubis; Symphysis Pubis

Sternum; costal cartilage

External Oblique

Ribs

Illium; Linea alba

sacrum. adducts/retracts scapula Elevates the scapula Pulls scapula down/anteriorly. and extends thigh Adducts. laterally rotates thigh. femur Ischium Ischium Ilium. medially rotates. coccyx Illium Pubis Ishcium Symphysis Pubis Femur. flexes thigh. medially rotates leg Flexes leg. raises ribs Sartorius Ilium Tibia Bicpes Femoris Semitendinosus Semimembranosus Rectus Femoris Vastus Lateralis Vastus Medialis Tibialis Anterior Peroneus Longus Extensor Digitorm Longus Gastrocnemius Soleus Deep Muscles Splenius capitis Semispinalis Capitis Rhomboideus Major Levator Scapulae Pectoralis Minor Ischium. and brings up head Extends vertebral column Raises. and flexes thigh Adducts. extends thigh Extends leg Extends leg Extends leg Dorsiflexion/inversion of foot Plantar flexion/extension of foot. medially rotates. abducts thigh. extension of toes Plantar flexion of foot. facia of thigh Facia of thigh Femur Femur Tibia Extends thigh Abducts. fibula Tibia Tibia Tibia via patellar tendon Tibia via patellar tendon Tibia via patellar tendon Cuneiform/ metatarsal I Tarsals/Metatarsals Phalanges II/III Calcaneus Calcaneus Insertion Temporal bone Occipital bone Scapula Scapula Scapula . supports arch Dorsiflexion/eversion of foot. flexion of leg Plantar flexion of foot Action Rotates. medially rotates.compresses abdominal contents Gluteus Maximus Tensor Fasciae Latae Adductor Longus Adductor Magnus Gracilis Ilium. bends. extends thigh Flexes leg. medially rotates lower limb Flexes lower limb. acetabulum Femur Femur Tibia Tibia/Fibula Tibia/Fibula Femur Tibia/fibula Origin Cervical/thoracic vertebrae Cervical/thoracic vertebrae Thoracic vertebrae Cervical vertebrae Ribs Tibia. extends thigh Flexes leg. and flexes thigh Adducts.

Biceps Brachii: lifting a heavy bag 6. Trapezius: dusting a tall shelf 3. pubis Psoas major Iliacus Gluteus medius Gluteus minimus Vastus intermedius Peroneus tertius Tibialis posterior Femur Femur Femur Femur Tibia via patellar tendon Metatarsal V Tarsals/Metatarsals 1. Triceps Brachii: stretching a workout band 7. lumbar vertebrae. Serratus Anterior: swinging a bat 2. compresses abdominal contents Tenses abdominal wall. Wrist/hand/finger flexors: texting a friend 11. Rectus Abdominus: getting up from bed 9. Pronator Quadratus: flipping a patty on a grill 8. ilium Lumbar vertebrae Ilium Ilium Ilium Femur Fibula Tibia/fibula Linea alba. Sternocleidomastoid: raising your head from your pillow 12. Psoas major: walking 10. compresses abdominal contents Flexes thigh Flexes thigh Abducts/medially rotates thigh Abducts/medially rotates thigh Extends leg Dorsiflexion/eversion of foot Plantar flexion/inversion of foot Transverse Abdominis Costal cartilage/ribs.Coracobrachialis Supraspinatus Infraspinatus Subscapularis Teres minor Brachialis Supinator Pronator Teres Pronator Quadratus Internal Oblique Scapula Scapula Scapula Scapula Scapula Humerus Humerus/ Ulna Humerus/Ulna Ulna Ilium Humerus Humerus Humerus Humerus Humerus Ulna Radius Radius Radius Ribs/linea alba/pubis Flexes and adducts arm Abducts upper arm Rotates arm laterally Medial rotates humerus Rotates arm laterally Flexes the Elbow Supinates Pronates forearm Pronates forearm Tenses abdominal wall. Deltoid: waving arm 5. Pronator teres: turning a door knob 4. Coracobrachialis: putting hands on hips .