# ENGINEERING DRAWING I

EG 431 ME
¡Proposed Revised Syllabus]
Lecture: 1 Year: 1
Practical: 3 Part: A

COURSE OB1ECTIVE:
To develop basic projection concepts with reIerence to points, lines, planes and
geometrical solids. Also to develop sketching and draIting skills to Iacilitate
communication.

COURSE OUTLINE:
1. Introduction and Drawing Instruments ¡4 hours]
1.1 Introduction to Engineering Drawing, Artistic Drawing, etc.
1.2 Description oI drawing instruments, auxiliary equipment and drawing materials.
1.3 Techniques oI Instrument Drawing: Pencil sharpening, securing paper, proper use
oI T-squares, triangles, scales, dividers, compasses, erasing shields, French
curves, inking pens.
1.4 Drawing Sheet layout and Title Block
1.5 Use oI Scales: measurement units, reducing and enlarging scales
1.6 Types oI Lines
1.7 Technical Lettering: Lettering strokes, letter proportions, uniIormity and
appearance oI letters, Ireehand techniques, inclined and vertical letters, numerals
and Iractions, upper and lower cases, standard English lettering Iorms.

2. Plane Geometrical Construction ¡4 hours]
2.1 Bisecting and trisecting lines and angles, proportional divisions oI lines and
angles, construction oI angles, triangles, squares, polygons.
2.2 Construction using tangents and circular arcs.
2.3 Methods Ior drawing standard curves such as ellipses, parabolas, hyperbolas,
involutes, spirals, cycloids, and helices.

3. Basic Descriptive Geometry ¡12 hours]
3.1 Principal plane projections, Four quadrants
3.2 Projection oI points
3.3 Projection oI lines
3.4 Projection oI planes
3.5 Application oI descriptive geometry principles to the solution oI problems
involving positioning oI objects in three-dimensional space
3.5.1 True length oI lines
3.5.2 Point view oI a line
3.5.3 Shortest distance Irom a point to a line
3.5.4 Principal lines oI a plane
3.5.5 Edge view oI a plane
3.5.6 True shape oI an oblique plane
3.5.7 Intersection oI a line and a plane
3.5.8 Angle between a line and a plane
3.5.9 Angle between two intersecting lines
3.5.10 Angle between two non-intersecting lines
3.5.11 Angle between two non-intersecting (skew) lines
3.5.12 Dihedral angle between two planes
3.5.13 Shortest distance between two skew lines

4. Theory of Projection and Multiview Drawings ¡12 hours]
4.1 Principal views
Methods oI obtaining orthographic views
Analysis oI lines, angles and planes in three views
Projection oI curved lines and surIaces
Object orientation and selection oI views Ior best representation
Full and hidden lines

4.2 Making and orthographic drawing
Visualizing objects Irom the given views
Interpretation oI adjacent areas

4.3 Sectional views
Full section view
HalI section view

5. Dimensioning ¡4 hours]
5.1 Fundamentals and techniques
Size and location dimensioning, SI conventions

5.2 General dimensioning practices:
Placement oI dimensions, aligned and unidirectional

6. Auxiliary Views ¡4 hours]
6.1Basic concepts and use oI auxiliary views
6.2Drawing methods and types oI auxiliary views
6.3Symmetrical, unilateral and bilateral auxiliary views
6.4Projections oI curved lines and boundaries

7. Freehand Sketching ¡4 hours]
7.1Sketching and design, Value oI sketching as a part oI design
7.2Techniques oI sketching: Pencil hardness, squared paper, line densities,
techniques Ior horizontal, vertical and circular lines
7.3Multiview sketches: choice oI views, adding details, dimensioning, title, notes,
proportioning and comparing sizes

8. Projection and Section of Solids ¡4 hours]
8.1Types oI solids: Polyhedra, Solids oI revolution
8.2Projection oI solids in diIIerent positions
8.3Sections oI solids

9. Developments ¡8 hours]
9.1General concepts and practical considerations
9.2Development oI Right and oblique prism, cylinder, pyramid, and cone
9.3Development oI truncated pyramid and cone
9.4Triangulation method Ior approximately developed surIaces
9.5Transition pieces Ior connecting diIIerent shapes
9.6Development oI a sphere

10.Intersections ¡8 hours]
10.1 Lines oI intersection oI geometric surIaces
10.2 Piercing point oI a line and a geometric solid
10.3 Intersection oI two cylinders
10.4 Intersection oI a cylinder and a cone
10.5 Intersection oI two prisms
10.6 Intersection oI a prism and a pyramid
10.7 Intersection oI a prism and a cylinder
10.8 Intersection oI a prism and a cone
10.9 Intersection oI a cylinder and a pyramid
10.10Constructing a development using auxiliary views

DRAWING LABORATORY: 3 hours/week
1. Use oI Drawing Instruments, Types oI Lines, and Lettering
2. Geometrical construction
3. Projection oI points, lines and planes
4. Descriptive geometry
5. Multiview Drawings
6. Orthographic views, sectional views with dimensions
7. Auxiliary Views
8. Freehand sketching
9. Projection an sections oI solids
10.Developments
11.Intersections

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