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REACTION PAPER: NOLI ME TANGERE

This novel and its sequel, El filibusterismo (nicknamed El Fili), were banned in some parts of the Philippines because of their portrayal of corruption and abuse by the country's Spanish government and clergy. Copies of the book were smuggled in nevertheless, and when Rizal returned to the Philippines after completing medical studies, he quickly ran afoul of the local government. A few days after his arrival, Governor-General Emilio Terrero summoned Rizal to the Malacaang Palace and told him of the charge that Noli Me Tangere contained subversive statements. After a discussion, the Governor General was appeased but still unable to offer resistance against the pressure of the Church against the book. Rizal was exiled to Dapitan, then later arrested for "inciting rebellion" based largely on his writings. Rizal was executed in Manila on December 30, 1896 at the age of thirty -five. Rizal depicted nationality by emphasizing the qualities of Filipinos: the devotion of a Filipina and her influence on a man's life, the deep sense of gratitude, and the solid common sense of the Filipinos under the Spanish regime.

The work was instrumental in creating a unified Filipino national identity and consciousness, as many natives previously identified with their respective regions. It lampooned, caricatured and exposed various elements in colonial society. Two characters in particular have become classics in Filipino culture: Maria Clara, who has

become a personification of the ideal Filipina woman, loving and unwavering in her loyalty to her spouse; and the priest Father Dmaso, who reflects the covert fathering of illegitimate children by members of the Spanish clergy.

advocated direct representation to the Spanish government and a larger role for

The book indirectly influenced a revolution, even though the author actually

the Philippines within Spain's political affairs. In 1956, the Congress of the Philippines passed the Republic Act 1425, more popularly known as the Rizal Law, which requires all levels of Philippine schools to teach the novel as part of their curriculum. Noli Me Tangere is being taught to third year secondary school students, while its sequel El filibusterismo is being taught for fourth year secondary school students. The novels are incorporated to their study and survey of Philippine literature.

Huwag Mo Akong Salingin. Jose Rizal, our national hero is the writer of this novel, where in, thisnovel was written during his time, where in, the exact year was 1884, he was in Madrid taking upmedicine when he write this novel. When he finished his course (Medicine), he went to Paris andcontinue writing this novel. In Berlin , Jose Rizal finished the last part of this novel. This novelwas written to remind us the bad things that Jose Rizal experienced during his time by theSpanish. From the very start of this novel, the first planof our national hero is, to write this novelwith the help of his countryman that is also suffering to the hands of the Spanish, but suddenlyhe failed to do it with the help of his countryman, because his countryman loose their hope infulfilling their dreams to have freedom in the hands of the Spanish colonies. Jose Rizal, did notgive up, because he continue write this novel without the help of his countryman, and he decidedto write it by himself only. The first chapter of this novel was entitled the paging, where in, in this chapter stated the lifestyle of Don Santiago de los

The title of this novel "Noli Me Tangere" is a Latin words meaning in tagalog

Santos also known as Kapitan Tiago, he was from Binondo and he was the step father of Maria Clara according to this chapter. In thischapter, the other characters was Padre sibyla, Padre Damaso, and Tenyente Guevarra. According to this chapter, kapitan tiago invited the said characters to go to his house

and have asimple gathering, but suddenly it came to a fight between Padre Damaso

and Tenyente Guevarra because of the ereheng namatay. Padre Sibyla stops the rivalry between the two. The secondchapter was entitled Ang binatang si Crisostomo. Where in in, this chapter, Kapitan Tiago present Don Crisostomo Ibarra to the priest, the son of his

deceased friend named Don Rafael Ibarra.