X-RAY TECHNICIAN CURRICULUM

CERTIFICATE (Revised May 2008)

MINISTRY OF HEALTH, DIVISION OF HEALTH SCIENCE EDUCATION

Table of Contents Program Objectives Program Schedule Course Description Page 1 2 3 2 .

Perform X – Ray office procedures such as filing patient’s records. 5. Take all possible precautions to minimize radiation dose to himself/herself. 4. other personnel and the patients. Prepare trays/trolleys for the common special X – Ray examinations.X-ray Technician Program (Certificate) Duration 1 year (12 Months) Objectives of the Program The Trained X – RAY Technician must be able to: 1. preparing instructions to patients for special X – Ray examinations. Produce diagnostic Radiographs of all routine X – Ray examinations and the common special examinations. 2. 6. 3. 3 . Operate X – Ray equipment efficiently and safely. Carry out simple first aid procedures.

Program Schedule Term I HSD HSD HSD XTH XTH XTH XTH 011 012 013 011 012 013 014 Human Body and Disease National Health Care System Medical Terminology General Physics Radiographic Anatomy I Hospital Practice for Radiographers Practicum I 4 (3-1) 2 (2-0) 2 (2-0) 1 (1-0) 3 (2-1) 1 (1-0) 1 (0-1) 14 17 Weeks Basic and Applied Computer Skills Radiographic Technique I Radiographic Photography Radiographic Anatomy II Radiographic Equipment Practicum II 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 3 (2-1) 2.(0-2) 17 18 weeks Communication Skillsand Ethics Radiographic Technique II Radiation Physics Practicum III 3 (3-0) 3 (2-1) 1 (1-0) 2 (0-2) 9 54 72 18 50 194 68 68 68 68 68 50 390 90 30 30 15 68 15 45 293 Term Total Term II HSD XTH XTH XTH XTH XTH 021 021 023 022 024 025 Term Total Term III HSD XTH XTH XTH 031 031 033 035 Total Total credits 40 Total hours 877 4 .

. To understand the functioning of x-ray equipment Competencies 1. To understand the scientific principles involved in the production of x-rays 2. Distribution and uses of electrical energy. . compensators. switching and timing systems.Generation of electrical energy. .Portable x-ray equipment .Accessories – Grids. components and control in x-ray circuits . high tension cables.Electrical hazards . 5 . filament circuit and tube current . interlocks .Exposure switches and exposure timers. the control of Kilo voltage . safety devices . cooling of x-ray tubes. control current timers. fuses.Construction and operation of high tension valves .Dental x-ray equipment . . beam centering devices immobilizers .High tension transformer . beam linking devices.Care and maintenance of x-ray equipment.Control equipment – Autotransformer. To recognize abnormal symptoms in the equipment. Content . Main supply. earthing and insulation.X-ray tubes – features of fixed and rotating anode tubes. voltage indicators. faults that may develop.Course Description XTH 024 Radiographic Equipment 3 Credits Objectives 1. exposure switching and its radiographic application.Electrical System.Characteristics Mammography x-ray tubes. Be able to operate x-ray equipment safely 2. .

Know the requirement of a darkroom Understand the principles of processing x-ray films. .Preparation of patients for x-ray examinations XTH 023 Objectives. 2.Protective devices used in the x-ray department to protect staff and patients. 6 . Competencies 1. . 4. 2. 1. Radiographic Photography. 4. Content.Practical applications of x-rays. Competencies. The student will learn measures to prevent infection to staff and others. prevention . .XTH 013 Hospital Practice and Patient Care for X-ray Technicians 1 Credit Objectives 1. 1. 5.Properties of x-rays.The characteristics of x-rays. . .Requirements for the production of x-rays. Prepare patients for X-ray examinations.Know the requirements for recording image on x-ray film Carry out Photographic procedures for producing a radiographic image. The student will gain the required knowledge to provide patient care.Hazards of x-rays. Mixing of processing chemicals. Print the names of the patients on the x-ray film before processing with the use of an actinic markers. 3. 3. .Dealing with accidents in the x-ray department.Nature of x-rays . 2.Medical applications of x-rays. . cassettes and intensifying screens. Load and unload cassettes Process x-ray films Discuss the constitution of x-ray films. . . .Cross infection : causes . 3 Credits.History of discovery of x-rays. Provide safe and effective patient care 2. .

.Revision of basic mathematics-decimals. natural magnet and earth as a magnet. temporary.Film faults. processing of image. Explain and discuss fundamentals of electricity and electrical circuits. standardization by time. types care. Apply Ohm's law and Kirchhoff's law to analyze electrical circuits with resistors.X-ray films. exhaustion and regeneration. layout of lighting. Film processing unit. Learning objectives a. Accessories. drying.construction. Rinsing. c.production of image. fractions. equations. Constituents of the field. XTH 011 General Physics 1 credit Objectives 1. 7 . Learning objectives a. percentage. b. Study resistors and capacitors for their properties. 1. . b. and storage facilities. Investigate magnetism due to various sources. washing. Study magnetism due to a conductor carrying electric current. temperature control.Content . .constituents of the developer. To provide the students with in depth knowledge of electricity and magnetism Competency Identify and discuss the basic concepts of general physics. . maintenance. types of films.Processing.Fundamentals of Photography. handing and cleaning. electromagnet. handing and storage of films. exhaustion and replenishment. . To understand the basic principles of the requirements for equipment needed to produce x-rays. recording of image. 2.Cassette.Intensifying screens-constitution. latent image. Generation of alternating current. Content. 2.Dark site construction. c. 3. Manual and automatic processing.structure. . types. Study the principle magnetism as electric effect of permanent. Analyze circuits with capacitors.

Explain the functioning of transformer. . . Investigate the functioning of generator.Atomic structure . International recommendations.Properties of x-ray . c.Protective materials. Learning objectives a. 2. Distinguish between motor and generator.X-ray interaction with matter-ionization.use of lead and other materials. absorption of x-rays.Personnel Monitoring 8 .4. Competency Apply protective measures necessary in a knowledgeable manner. Content . electromagnetic waves . Describe transformer theory and construction e. Identify electrical circuits. Apply Faraday law of induction and Lenze's law to explain the functioning of generator and motor. conductors and insulators - XTH Radiation Physics Objectives 1. motor and transformer. 033 1 credit To provide the student with an understanding of the principles involved in the use of ionizing radiation To be knowledgeable of the effects of ionizing radiation and the means of protection.Electromagnetic radiation.Permissible exposure.Scatter transmission through the body filtration of x-rays. .Production of x-rays intensity and quality . . d. b.

Liver. Identify structures on the Radiographs 3. Lymph Gland and Thoracic duct 3. Spleen. Oesophagus. Pancreas. Lymphatic System Circulation of lymph. Know the structures and organs that make up the body excluding the skeletal system 2. To know structures that comprises the parts of the skeletal system. Identify location of organs by surface landmarks and vertebral levels.XTH 012 Radiographic Anatomy I 3 Credits Objectives 1. 3. To Know accurate and appropriate terms in describing various anatomical features. Know the structures of the skeletal system 2. Large Intestine. XTH 022 Radiographic Anatomy II 3 Credits Objectives 1. Musculo skeletal system. Bones of lower extremities. Identify appearances of the skeletal system structures on Radiographs. Stomach. Identify types of fractures and understand process involved in healing of same. 2. Cardio Vascular System Heart Arterial System Venous System 2. Shoulder girdle. Competencies 1. Small intestine. Know locations and functions of systems 3. Thorax and pelvic girdle. Apply the knowledge in the practice of Radiography. 4. Vertebral Column. 1. bones of upper Extremities. Gall bladder. Skull. Digestive System Oral Cavity. 9 .

Urethra. 5. 9.Uterus. Follopian Tubes and Ovaries. Spinal Cord & Nerves 6. Larynx. Ventricles.Identification . Plan. Remove all items that would compromise the quality of the image 4. Taking x-rays of the skeletal system 2. Trachea. Lungs 5. Pineal gland.Factors affecting radiographic quality .Conditions that determine exposure factors .4. 8.Latent image formation .Principles of exposure . Ureter. Thyroid. Performing patient positioning and related task 3. Thymis. Parathyroid. Prostate 7. Respiratory System Nose. Male Organs .Terminology in Radiography/Radiology 10 . adapt positioning requirements according to patient condition.Principal factors of exposure . Urinary bladder. Demonstrate knowledge of imaging procedure 6. Adrenal glands. Reproductive System Female Organs . Urinary System – Kidneys. Testes. Nervous System Brain. Discuss factors affecting radiographic quality Content .Endocrine System – Pituitary gland. Meninges. contrast .Penis. Miscellaneous Skin and Eyes XTH 021 Radiographic Technique I 3 Credits Objectives The students must be able to position patients correctly for radiographic examinations of the skeletal system Competencies 1.

3.Introduction to the basic principles of contrast examinations.g. hip etc. C/spine.Procedures for examination of the abdomen . The student will be able to perform radiographic examination of the chest and abdomen correctly 2.- Terms used to identify projections. temporo. leg. Able to do ward and theatre radiography Content . Urinary. sacro-iliac joint. paranasal sinuses. Students will be able to understand the basic principles of contrast examination which they will encounter in the Radiographic department. Implications of clinical information Technique for examination upper limbs. Lumbo-sacral spine. sacrum.mandibular joint.Principles of contrast media. Bilary. facial bones. ankle. Respiratory. mastoids Technique for the examination of the teeth Technique for the examination of ribs and sternum. Measure to protect staff from unnecessary radiation XTH 031 Radiographic Technique II 3 Credits Objectives 1. 11 . T/Spine. preparation and dangers. Technique for examination of spine e. coccyx.Operating Theatre Radiography. Technique for examination of the skull .foot. Taking x-rays of the chest and abdomen 2. Students will be able to do ward and theatre radiography. Competencies 1. . .Alimentary. Renal and Reproductive Systems.hand wrist Techniques used for examination of the lower limbs.Ward Radiography . mandible.Procedures for examination of the chest and mediastinum .