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Periodic Table of Elements: Zirconium - Zr (EnvironmentalChemistry.

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Periodic Table of Elements


Element Zirconium - Zr
Comprehensive data on the chemical element Zirconium is provided on this page; including scores of properties, element names in many languages, most known nuclides of Zirconium. Common chemical compounds are also provided for many elements. In addition technical terms are linked to their definitions and the menu contains links to related articles that are a great aid in one's studies.

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Zirconium Page One r Overview of Zirconium r Zirconium's Name in Other Languages r Atomic Structure of Zirconium r Chemical Properties of Zirconium r Physical Properties of Zirconium r Regulatory / Health r Who/When/Where/How Zirconium Page Two r Nuclides / Isotopes r Potential Parent Nuclides Zirconium Page Three r Common Chemical Compounds of Zirconium

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Overview of Zirconium

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Atomic Number: 40 Group: 4


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Period: 5 Series: Transition Metals


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Zirconium's Name in Other Languages


Latin: Zirkonium Czech: Zirkonium Croatian: Cirkonij French: Zirkonium German: Zirkonium - s

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Periodic Table of Elements: Zirconium - Zr (EnvironmentalChemistry.com)

Italian: Zirconio Norwegian: Zirkonium Portuguese: Xircnio Russian: Spanish: Circonio Swedish: Zirkonium
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Consumer Health & Food Safety Concerns ADA Recommendation for Fluoride in Infant Diets Asbestos

Asbestos, a Brief History its Uses & Health Risks Asbestos, its Chemical & Physical Properties Asbestos: A Manufacturing Health Hazard Dating to Prehistoric Times Dry-Cleaning Chemicals Looking Good, Feeling Bad; or, What's the Problem with Perc? Are there Realistic Dry-Cleaning Alternatives to Perc? DuPont's Teflon Cover-up Neurodevelopmental Disorders in Children: Autism & ADHD PCBs in the food you love Seafood Safety Mercury in Fish vs. the Benefits of Fish Oils Norwegian Farmed Salmon Raises Global Concern The Dangers of Lawn Chemicals at Home

Atomic Structure of Zirconium


Atomic Radius: 2.16 Atomic Volume: 14.1cm3/mol Covalent Radius: 1.45 Cross Section (Thermal Neutron Capture)a/barns: 0.184 Crystal Structure: Hexagonal
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Electron Configuration: 1s2 2s2p6 3s2p6d10 4s2p6d2 5s2 Electrons per Energy Level: 2,8,18,10,2 Shell Model

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Energy & Sustainablity Biofueling to the future CO2 Pollution and Global Warming Compact Fluorescent Lights (CFLs): Are They Worth the Switch? Global Trends in Energy Technology Innovation Hydrogen Fuel Cells: Energy of the Future Environmental Disasters Chernobyl

Ionic Radius: 0.72


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Filling Orbital: 4d2 Number of Electrons (with no charge): 40 Number of Neutrons (most common/stable nuclide): 51 Number of Protons: 40 Oxidation States: 4 Valence Electrons: 4d2 5s2 Electron Dot Model
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Chernobyl Revisited Agricultural and Environmental Impact A Turning Point From Bhopal to Hazardous Waste Compliance Love Canal NY: Grownups Don't Do Blue Goo New Orleans, Hurricane Katrina & the Oil Industry

Chemical Properties of Zirconium


Electrochemical Equivalent: 0.8509g/amp-hr Electron Work Function: 4.05eV Electronegativity: 1.33 (Pauling); 1.22 (Allrod Rochow) Heat of Fusion: 16.9kJ/mol Incompatibilities:

Politics and Policy Environmental Justice and the NIMBY Principle Prairie Dogs: Small mammal, big controversy

Prairie Dogs: A Threatened Species

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Periodic Table of Elements: Zirconium - Zr (EnvironmentalChemistry.com)

Potassium nitrate, oxidizers

or Public Health Nuisance?

Ionization Potential
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First: 6.84 Second: 13.13 Third: 22.99


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Prairie Dog Control: Non-Lethal Techniques Prairie Dog Control: Lethal Techniques Can Prairie Dogs be Managed Utilizing Reconciliation Ecology? Pseudoscience: A Threat to Our Environment Sorting out Science from Junk Science

Valence Electron Potential (-eV): 80

Physical Properties of Zirconium


Atomic Mass Average: 91.224 Boiling Point: 4650K 4377C 7911F Coefficient of lineal thermal expansion/K-1: 5.78E-6 Conductivity Electrical: 0.0236 106/cm Thermal: 0.227 W/cmK

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Pollution - Air Effects of Air Pollution on your health Clean Air Act Contributing to Mercury Problem Nitrogen Dioxide, Ozone & Lead Partner to Increase Pollution Dangers to Urban Children

Density: 6.51g/cc @ 300K

r The Heat facing Outdoor Wood Description: Furnaces & Boilers A hard Rare grayish-white metal, which is resistant towards corrosion due to an oxide film on its surface. It will burn in air if Pollution - Water ignited.

Elastic Modulus:
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PCBs in New York's Hudson River Increased Mercury Levels Attributed to Industrial Activities Environmental Pollution of the Concord River

Bulk: 89.8/GPa Rigidity: 35/GPa Youngs: 98/GPa

Enthalpy of Atomization: 598 kJ/mole @ 25C Enthalpy of Fusion: 20.9 kJ/mole Enthalpy of Vaporization: 581.6 kJ/mole Flammablity Class: Combustible Freezing Point: see melting point Hardness Scale
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Waste & Recycling Guide to Handling Household Chemicals How Well Do You Know Recycled Paper? Protecting Wildlife from Trash Plastics - From Recycling Bin to New Product RoHS: Europe's Initiative to Control Technological Waste Treatment of Biohazardous Waste The History of Waste

Brinell: 650 MN m-2 Mohs: 5 Vickers: 903 MN m-2

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Heat of Vaporization: 58.2kJ/mol Melting Point: 2125K 1852C 3366F Molar Volume: 14.06 cm3/mole Physical State (at 20C & 1atm): Solid Specific Heat: 0.27J/gK Vapor Pressure = 0.00168Pa@1852C
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Chemistry
Articles Anatomy of the Atom The Chemistry of Polychlorinated Biphenyls Molar Mass Calculations and Molecular Weight Calculator Stoichiometry: Molarity, Molality and Normality What You Do and Don't Know About Fluorine Reference Resources Chemical Database Chemistry Dictionary Periodic Table of Elements

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Regulatory / Health

CAS Number
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7440-67-7 powder, wet

UN/NA ID and ERG Guide Number


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1358 / 170 powder, wet 1932 / 135 scrap

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Periodic Table of Elements: Zirconium - Zr (EnvironmentalChemistry.com)

2008 / 135 powder, dry

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RTECS: ZH7070000 OSHA Permissible Exposure Limit (PEL)


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Hazardous Materials
Household Guide to Handling Household Chemicals The Dangers of Lawn Chemicals at Home Industry Emergency Response Guidebook (ERG)

TWA: 5 mg/m3
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OSHA PEL Vacated 1989


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TWA: 5 mg/m3 STEL: 10 mg/m3

NIOSH Recommended Exposure Limit (REL)


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TWA: 5 mg/m3 STEL: 10 mg/m3 IDLH: 50 mg/m3


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List materials by UN Number Material Name

Routes of Exposure: Inhalation; Skin and/or eye contact Target Organs: Skin, respiratory system

49CFR USDOT Hazardous Materials Table

r USDOT HazMat Placards Levels In Humans: Note: this data represents naturally occuring levels of elements in the Select Class/Div. typical human, it DOES NOT represent recommended daily r Placarding Quiz allowances.

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Blood/mg dm-3: 0.011 Bone/p.p.m: <0.1 Liver/p.p.m: 0.11 Muscle/p.p.m: 0.08 Daily Dietary Intake: 0.05 mg Total Mass In Avg. 70kg human: 1 mg

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Who / Where / When / How


Discoverer: Martin H. Klaproth Discovery Location: Berlin Germany Discovery Year: 1789 Name Origin: Farsi, zargun for gold color. Abundance of Zirconium:
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Earth's Crust/p.p.m.: 190 Seawater/p.p.m.: 0.000009 Atmosphere/p.p.m.: N/A Sun (Relative to H=1E12): 560

Sources of Zirconium: Found in many minerals such as zircon and baddeleyite. Annual world wide production is around 7000 tons. Primary mining areas are Australia, Brazil, USA and Sri Lanka. Uses of Zirconium: Used in alloys such as zircaloy which is used in nuclear applications since it does not readily absorb neutrons. Also used in catalytic converters, percussion caps and furnace bricks. Baddeleyite is used in lab crucibles. Additional Notes: While Klaproth discovered zirconium in 1789, it first isolated by J.J. Berzelius in 1824 in stockholm Sweden.

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Periodic Table of Elements: Zirconium - Zr (EnvironmentalChemistry.com)

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Zirconium Page One r Overview of Zirconium r Zirconium's Name in Other Languages r Atomic Structure of Zirconium r Chemical Properties of Zirconium r Physical Properties of Zirconium r Regulatory / Health r Who/When/Where/How Zirconium Page Two r Nuclides / Isotopes r Potential Parent Nuclides Zirconium Page Three r Common Chemical Compounds of Zirconium

References
A list of reference sources used to compile the data provided on our periodic table of elements can be found on the main periodic table page.

Related Resources

Anatomy of the Atom Answers many questions regarding the structure of atoms. Molarity, Molality and Normality Introduces stoichiometry and explains the differences between molarity, molality and normality. Molar Mass Calculations and Javascript Calculator Molar mass calculations are explained and there is a JavaScript calculator to aid calculations. Chemical Database This database focuses on the most common chemical compounds used in the home and industry.

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