2010/2011 session Politecnico di Milano. Architettura e società.

Master course in Urban Planning and Policy Design

Spatial Development Studio
responsible teacher Gabriele Pasqui Simonetta Armondi Paola Briata Paola Savoldi Silvia Foffa
with

CdQ Bollate - via Turati 40
1st phase dossier - 22nd November 2010
group 6 Athos

Brenna, Serena Crosta, Ruofei Duan, Trent Liu,Guido Romagnoli, Alessandro Spoldi

This document reports the first phase’s results about the analysis and the interpretation of the context of via Turati 40.

Index 1. The place and the surrounding
1.1. Overview of Bollate and via Turati neighbourhood 1.2. Infrastructures 1.3. Environment 1.5. Economic elements 1.6. Flows 1.7. Urban and territorial planning
CdQ’s analysis

Contents checklist
development approach idea of city and urban spaces interpretation and representation of territory, spaces and places actions scheduled involved actors general and specific objectives integration with other policies implementation structure and management

1.4. Population

2. CdQ analysis
2.1. Development approach 2.2. Expected effects 2.3. Involved actors 2.4. Implementation and management structure 2.5. Resources and funding of the main actions 2.6. Integration with other policies, programs, actions

resources and funding of the main actionsstructure

demo-social and economic datas to support a context intepretation main urban, infrastructural and settlements’ characters interpretation use of spaces and time by urban populations relationship between the CdQ target area and the wider context long and short termi implementation problems connections between the CdQ and other occurring projects/policies

3. Interpret the context
3.1. History and criticism of the CdQ’s implementation 3.2. Survey strategies 3.3. Physical condition 3.4. Social environment 3.5. Uses of space 3.6. Problems and resources

4. Development scenarios
4.1. Interpret the boundaries 4.2. Scenarios - Boundaries 4.3. Scenario 0 - CdQ outcomes 4.4. Scenario 1 - Creative hub 4.5. Scenario 2 - Plug-in 4.6. Scenario 3 - Collective living 4.7. Scenario 4 - Private living

Attachments
Report of Suma’s interview

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1 The place and the surrounding .

The provincial street n.485 Abitanti 21. Even if it was sited in a peripheral area. an area rich of water and with a peculiar geologic conformation. that go in direction north-south (to Milan also) and est-west (connecting Bollate with Rho and Monza).MILANO Abitanti 1.496 IX .Saronno) * Linea S3 (Milano Cadorna .46 “Rho .160 31-12-09 31-12-09 IV -RHO Abitanti 50.076 31-12-09 01-01-10 VII -GARBAGNATE MILANESE VIII -SENAGO Abitanti 26.648 V -CORMANO VI -ARESE I Abitanti 20.Saronno) Bollate is connected with the municipalities around it by 3 transit lines. All these infrastructures are relevant for the neighbourhood in exam.via Turati 40 1. After this project the street will become a highway. giving the bases for a diffused development of good agricultural activities thanks to the fertility of the soil.530 1-1-10 VII VI IV II V III I . is surrounded by all the 3 transit lines and is crossed by the main local streets connecting Bollate to the regional and state high-speed mobility system. which runs from Milan to the lakes region. This character was very important in the history of this territory.1 Overview on Bollate and Via Turati 40 neighbourhood The neighbourhood was built in the ‘74-’76 for the IACP by the architects Canella-Achilli. 1.313.3 Environment The territory is particular to be on the south border of the Groane region.BARANZATE Abitanti 11. and will be part of the junctions system of the Milanese region.979 01-01-10 31-03-09 Abitanti 19. This strett is under redevelopment VIII IX project funding by the municipality of Milan and Baranzate. but is still percieved as an isolated elements inside the tissues of the town.374 30-06-10 II .PADERNO DUGANO Abitanti 47. managed by the Serravalle Autostrade enterprise. It results at 10 minutes distance by the both the railway stations.444 01-01-10 III -NOVATE MILANESE Abitanti 20. First two stations: Bollate Centro e Bollate Nord owned by the Ferrovie Nord and served by the S line of Milan (the suburban train service): * Linea S1 (Lodi/Milano Rogoredo . Through the Varesina Street Bollate is connected to another highway.007 31-12-09 6 history and background .Bollate . today is very closed to the centre of Bollate. physical and social. 1.Monza” pass through Bollate and have two exits in its territory.2 Infrastrutture Are present relevant infrastructures. Today this area is patrol by a regional park institution that collect inside its borders also Bollate and the municipalities around DISTRICTS PROJECT DISTRICT Abitanti 36.

1/3 of the growth concerning the families (44. Looking at the immigrant population.59%) are in line with the average of the province. About the 23% of the inhabitants are over 65 years old: this percentage is 4 points more than all population data in Bollate. the percentage of elderly people tends to follow the dynamic of Milan. attracting many people especially during some events periods. The municipal data (44. also considering that the 20% of the dwellers in the buildings are alone elderly families. excluded Milan (42.7% of the total. often living in overcrowded conditions and social LEGEND BOLLATE Bollate area. a villa built in the XVII^ century which is in Bollate. This data is important. In respect to other social and public neighbourhood in the Milanese region. the infrastructures VIA TURATI AREA RAILWAY HIGHWAY PRIMARY STREETS SECONDARY STREETS history and background 7 . The situations of middle-income families represent the 46% and over the 25% have a middle-high income. in the neighbourhood attests around the 8%: these data is comparable with a common tendency which highlights how the public social housing contexts are places of concentration of the weaker immigrant families.4 Population Bollate. in the neighbourhood the cases of extreme poverty are less: only the 15% of the families holding a contract are in situation of no or low income. 1. The increasing number of families follows the rise of the demographic data. It’s an important presence at the regional level. even if si- gnificant differences are still presents: the over 65 years old inhabitants are 18.59%). These municipal dynamics are mostly verified looking at the population living in via Turati 40. This process left strong signs in the demographical composition of the town and consequently in the housing provisions during the years. including also Villa Arconati.98%). meanwhile in Milan represent the 23. was invested by the big industrialization process occurred during the 50’s. The inhabitants grew 14.70% in the last 25 years.3%. as many small rural villages in the Milan’s north region. but at the same time the components per family decrease. not so far from the Turati neighbourhood. which in Bollate reaches about the 4% of the inhabitants.some relevant historical and cultural settlements.

composed by a 78. 1. the 67. in which 27 with mixed/food products. 10 of the larger shops are food sellers.1% of food shops. physical and psychic).500 m2. Thus the 94.54% in Bollate comparing 6. even if they are not so much and of small dimensions. 1.71 comparing an average 0.Bollate .via Turati 40 marginality The 9% of the dwellers are disabled: it doesn’t seem a critical data. 5 of the larger shops present in the area are of food. also because it’s a general definition less useful to understand the real needs and living conditions of each single person (it comprehend both serious and light disabilities. In the district that includes via Turati neighbourhood are present 185 shops. Bollate has the less percentage of “entrepreneurs and free lances” relating to the context (4. in Bollate is more diffused a small-middle typology of shops: on 274 shops.6 Flows To understand better the needs of the inhabitants could be useful to analyse the data about commuters and the moving of the people in The neighbourhood and its context P P LEGENDA AMBITO CdQ VIA TURATI P P ZONE 30 AREA PEDONALE P AREE DI SOSTA FERROVIA P P STRADE LOCALI STAZIONE FERROVIARIA PUNTO DI ATTRAVERSAMENTO ATTREZZATO 8 history and background . but the closeness to the centre makes it quite close to the most part of the shops of the city. in which is dominant the dimension of the places of living and their quality. Of the 258 small shops. Actually it seems a quite homogeneous neighbourhood with no particular concentrations of poverty. In the neighbourhood there aren’t commercial activities. 44 are food shops.5 Economic and commerce Referring to data of 2001.5% of the total. However.57% of the Province of Milan. and the population of the neighbourhood is partially used to go out of Bollate to find a wider supply.2% of the shops is neighbourhood activities. excluded the chief city) and even a low number of place of work in relation with the resident workers (0. 174 are neighbourhood shops.89 in the Province). In Bollate there aren’t big shopping mall.1% of general products and the 16. Concerning the commercial activity. while 214 of different products. almost everywhere present in the other municipalities. 258 are smaller than 250 m2. is undeniable a diffused sense of hardship. while the rest is up to 1.

followed by the train. commission’s charges. 17%.Bollate. Considering the closer cities could be important to understand which are the short moving. 13% and leisure and tourism. The main reason is work. Moreover. Considering all the area in exam. the direction of the street Rho-Monza. 4%.7 Urban and territorial planning PTR In the regional planning tool are included some previsions about the future empowerment of the environmental areas strictly con- nected with the Expo themes. which is the highest level between the municipalitis compared. in which there’s also the Parco delle Groane. probably. PTCP Settlement and infrastructural system 3 main objectives for Bollate: a) Castellazzo di Bollate: institute a cultural and service pole.000 people move every. In general at least the 80% of the population is used to move out of Bollate to satisfy its needs. of the fractions. 71%. comparing it with the surrounding municipalities. old and new. motorcycle. buses. connectable to a lack of daily services inside Bollate. 1. a new transit line following. 7%. c) Strett network: build the Varesina’s and the Rho-Monza PGT The general objectives indicated by the Pgt document are: • Promote the identity of the settlements. 3% and bicycle 2%. 9%. 63%. almost 100. Outgoing flows with the moving reasons history and background 9 . Looking a the means used by the inhabitants of Bollate. pointing on the centres. it attract less people than the other cities around it. underground. more or less the 20% of the all poputlation moving in the territory. followed by study. • Individuate the possible locations of the new urban facilities directly connected with the centres of the fractions to emphasize their urban dimension. 10%. is clear that the car is the more used one. b) Transit: intermodal exchange node in the Bollate Nord. closed to the neighbourhood in exam.

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2 CdQ analysis .

• The construction of 22 new housing units at the top floor. Inform and involve the inhabitants around the CdQ. Participatory managing the Mobility Plan Different axes have a different action-space and their actions refer to different populations. Specifically. The renovation of the smaller building concern the combination of the 48 under-standard dwellings into 24 larger and more comfortable units. EXTERNAL USERS 1st AXES 2nd AXES 3rd AXES 4rd AXES € PHYSICAL RENEW SOCIAL RENEW SECURITY COMMERCIAL ACTIVITIES RESIDENTS and LOCAL POPULATION TO SOLVE PROBLEMS INSIDE THE NEIGHBORHOOD RESIDENTS and LOCAL POPULATION TO SOLVE PROBLEMS BETWEEN THE NEIGHBORHOOD AND THE CITY 12 CdQ analysis . structural intervention). The idea of “making city” that emerge by the document aims to reach a better space’s continuity. These principles lead the definition of the four axes: 1st axis deals with the physical renewal: the buildings of via Turati 40 are in lower quality condition than the surrounding and the proposal provide first a physical redevelopment – functional and technological.1 Development approach. fluidity and density: • Physical continuity of the public spaces and coherence with the original urban form. neglected and in deep contrast with the surrounding. 2. • Density and concentration of services and settlements.via Turati 40 2.Bollate . internal and external (energy-performance development. 2nd axis accompanies the 1st axis interventions through a social regeneration aimed to a better social cohesion within the neighbourhood. Therefore the Cdq aims at solving the contrast between the public houses of via Turati 40 and the wider context on physical and nonphysical level. The complex of via Turati 40 in Bollate is an isolated context. for the bigger building is expected: • The renovation and division of 67 dwellings with an increase of 36 housing units in in order to use the overall space in an optimal way. • Fluidity and practicability of the spaces. both for the physical characteristics and the social conditions of the inhabitants. Are expected 5 main actions: 1. today neglected and not used.

3. The “Centro delle produzioni sociali” (Social Production Pole) project. both inside the building (at the ground floor) and in a new building. 5. Supporting the financial feasibility and sustainability of the new spaces (individuate new funds. strategic both from the entrepreneur and social point of view. commercial and tertiary structure. managed by the association “Il Grafo” and composed by a series of integrated services with new meeting places and different types of activities.2 Expected effects. Organize and promote the inhabitants’ activities related to the neighbourhood relationships. • Axis 1: esthetical and functional regeneration of the spaces with a view of continuity. some new municipal services at the ground floor of the big block. fluidity and density.connected to the interventions on the existing dwellings. offering bigger spaces at competitive prices. Adjustment of the public light system. Regenerate the local police’s site. acivate local resources. 2. These actions provide the realization of some new spaces. is thought as a productive. etc. 3rd axis supports the axes 1 and 2 trying to treat the unsafe and neglecting feeling in the neighbourhood through: • • • • New public cameras system. placed in the area north of the buildings. a new building used for new services. 1st AXES FE PIANO DELLA MOBILITA’ 4rd AXES TY SA 3rd AXES SECURITY PHYSICAL RENEW POLO SOCIALE 2nd AXES SA FE € COMMERCIAL ACTIVITIES TY SOCIAL RENEW CdQ analysis 13 .) 4. and the “Centro delle produzioni sociali”. Different axes have a different action-space and their actions refer to different populations. localized in the area north of the buildings. 4th axis is aimed to empower the food sector stimulating the settlement of new small/middle shops within the neighbourhood. Activate the service “Luoghi Familiari. The new Carabinieri’s lieutenancy. This axis can be strictly connected with 2nd axis if in the neighbourhood will settle social oriented productive activities. The Asl office at the ground floor of the small block.

3 Involved actors. “Il Grafo”. fight the small criminality and the insecurity feeling. higher propensity to collaborate and participate by the inhabitants. • • • and management • The actors involved have different scale and nature. “ACLI Forum dei volontari”. composed by all the social actors involved in the project. which is in relationship with extra-local actors. Axis 4: greater competitiveness of the middle food and mixed shops. Associazioni locali Attori istituzionali Soggetti privati 14 CdQ analysis ALTRE ASSOCIAZIONI ABITANTI ALER . 3) coordinate the NW in order to inform the inhabitants about the works and contact the families who will need to move their home Actors’ roles and relationships REGIONE COMUNE REGIONE Ass. Axis 3: greater care of the common space and the appliances.via Turati 40 • • • Axis 2: diversification of the social tissue within the public housing building. as the Lombardy region and l’ALER.4 Implementation structure. as “il Melograno”. At the intermediate The CdQ seems to give to local associations and inhabitants room and power of initiative like a bottom-up process (but in actually the results are different). The Axis 2 have a particular first year program. “GOST”. “A Piede Libero”. in which the coordinator group should: 1) open the public debate around the starting projects. 2. interaction between living and social spaces. 2. greater economical resources for the Public Administration. 2) start-up the Neighbourhood Workshop (NW) (find a place and contact all the interested actors). “Simon de Bouvoir”. At the local level we can recognize first the inhabitants of via Turati and the association present in the territory. Director of the CdQ: coordination and managing tasks Each Axis have one responsible referent The Axis 2 have a particular team managing the participatory process. IL MELOGRANO ACLI ALER ABITANTI LAB di QUARTIERE Actors have different weight in the decision-making process and they bear on the CdQ in dissimilar ways also because they participate differently in the outlay. “Il Baule dell’Artista”. derived by the assignation of the public areas. “Auser”.Bollate . bigger commercial supply for the inhabitants of the neighbourhood. level the municipality of Bollate.

000.155. Develop the existing activities of 5 co-operatives which in the last 20 years made projects about work tutoring → multiply the positive effects of their activity inside the Polo Produzioni Sociali project.• The first actions to be implemented are: the new 22 dwellings at the top level of the big building.155.387. implement the Mobility Plan for the families interested by the first two worksites. according to the constraint copyright. The axis 2 have almost 3mln€ given by the Region.00 € OPERE DI URBANIZZAZIONE 500.150. The total amount of the funding of the CdQ is 21.707.00 € 3.00 € 2. Non-physical actions seem not to have clear strategies and their expense is limited.500. • • Necessity to not demolish the building.000. € PHYSICAL RENEW SOCIAL RENEW SECURITY Relationships between policies COMMERCIAL ACTIVITIES NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAM S .000. the renewal of the 48 understandard dwellings in the small building. funded by the Region and Aler. The winner of the public tender will fund the axis 4. ALLOCATION PROGRAM POLO PRODUZIONI Arch. Almost 2/3 are designated to the first axis. programs. 2.00 € 1st AXES 2nd AXES 3rd AXES 4rd AXES 2.00 € SPESA TOTALE 21. activate the new Local Plice site.00€.173.918. actions.5 Resources and funding of the main actions. The two programs are considered complementary from the point of view of the aims and the financial resources. CANELLA SOCIALI COPIRIGHT CDQ 15 CdQ analysis . • • Funding of the axis 13.918. funded by Fondazione Cariplo inside the program Bando Coesione Sociale 2009.00 € 0.CAMBIO BANDO COESIONE SOCIALE 2009 by CARIPLO Few policies are intercepted by the Cdq actions also for the limited reach and the low economic return. Attention to the integration and accompanying of the families with social problems (36) and support to the other new inhabitants (22 families) → the cdq’s services will support it.6 Integration with other policies. Public social dwelling’s allocation program. The axis 3 have almost other 3mln€ by Region and Municipality. the municipality and the partners.655. Synergies between the cdq’s actions about social cohesion and the project S-cambiO. All the other interventions will be paid by Regional and municipal funding.00 € SPESE TECNICHE CdQ have an expensive strategy: the most expensive actions of the CdQ concern the 1st axis while other actions seem just accompany physical renew. 2.

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3 Our interpretation .

3. Besides.1 History and critics of the CdQ’s implementation In the 2003 is presented a first CdQ. to prevent the demolishment. whose actions are aimed to renew the building following the limits of the cpyright. In April of the 2010 the city council changeand the new administration doesn’t intend to complete the project’s implementation.2 Survey strategies To understand the real condition and the facts in the area some survey strategies were carried out. with the risk to damage the trust between the actors involved. supposing the end in the 2015.Bollate . just emphasized a weakness in the political will and management capabilities. 27th December 2010 will be discussed the changes about the cronoprogram with the regional administration. One of the main obstacle to the implementation process of the CdQ is the political conflict between opposite parties. The low transparency of the management is clearly creating occasions of conflicts between the inhabitants (in via Turati but also in the surrounding neighbourhoods) and the administration. On Aprile 22nd Aler present another draft for the project. A second version of the CdQ is presented in the 2009. Aler too didn’t demonstrate the sufficient interest in supporting the project. The failure of the project occured with the concession of the copyright’s constraint asked by architect Canella. in some way.via Turati 40 3. the work should start in January 2011. which should be the final version. The copyright constraint. that were not able to find a common agreement in order to bring the project to a good end. providing the demolishment of the buildings in via Turati 40 and the reconstruction of new houses. Site visiting: visit the project area in different time and days in order to know the physical History of the neightbourhood 1978 1986 1994 2003 2009 Aprile 2010 22 Aprile 2010 21 Dicembre 2010 2015 Conclusione inagibilità Inizio lavori lavori aler costruzione del edi cio primo CDQ vincolo d’autore nuova proposta per il CDQ cambio prevista ne Aler espone cambia la giunta del lavori CDQ il nuovo progetto comunale cronoprogramma per la nuovo CDQ riquali cazione del edi cio Division Basement condition of the two divided parts The wall dividing the roof 18 Our interpretation . Once it will be approved.

The first is more decent. Analysis of documents: CdQ and PGT supply information meanwhile the analysis result of CDQ can be founded in last chapter. giving the feeling about uncertainty. depending on the presence of a lot of trash all around and no water isolation of the coverage (with consequently problems at the lower floors). In this way the feeling about segregation also can be perceived. because when people walking inside it (where most public place is) it is hard to find a straight path way. but the other is in very bad conditions.condition over there. sub-paths (green) Pathways Temporary barriers at the groundfloor Residual spaces Staircase’s entrance Spaces not usable at the gorundfloor Our interpretation 19 . because the opinions from different group should be considered. Besides it there’s big quantity of residual spaces. where are the garages under the 3 northen stairs. Interviews: The local inhabitants live inside and outside the building were interviewed by the group. Looking at the fre- quencies. meanwhile a hudge space used as dump under the other 5 stairs. 3. This type of space have not a clear functional definition or is just divided and not accessible. The division of the roof is emphasized by a hudge gap of the conditions of the two parts.3 Physical condition • The buildings At the ground floor there are any Temporary and fixed barriers. in order to hear and perceive the local voice. The same division is visible at the basement level. we divided the path in two categories: main path and sub-path. both visible in the picture below. Clear example is a wall at the roof level. The building is clear divided into two parts. dividing the northen 3 stairs to the other 5. and the use of the space and facilities in different time. Many facilities inside the building are in bad condition and generally the building is out of maintained. Walls occurs all the time and the shape of the path looks like a “W”. main pathways (red). The staff of administration of public planning of Bollate is also been interviewed.

At the end this barrier is not useful. The reason could be that their feeling of belonging is less. so their motivation to attend public. who have a big motivation to improve the physical condition of the building. Some of them already tryed to do something for the spaces’ quality and maintenance. made by the inhabitants to reach easly the building’s doors. typical of a stigma process. 3. both to prtect the building’s spaces and to connect the green areas of the building with the park. dirty and bad related place. Meanwhile the building was inhabited mostly by working class people (consider that the neighbourhood is very closed to the big industrial area of Alfa Romeo. even colliding with other inhabitants. The fences are clearer illogical looking at the obsacle that they represent in the connection between the building and the M. almost dismissed).Bollate .King Park. because there are already many holes on it. The barrier becomes more symbolic. • Relations with the surrounding In Bollate is diffused a bad impression of the neighbourhood.via Turati 40 • Relation with the surrounding The fences along the west side is a very obvious barrier to block the building with the surrounding. Fences Dwellings’ access corridors Broken fences from outside (up) and inside (right). partly depending on real problems but also on a preconceptual image. In the north part of the building there are more old inhabitants. Different corridor’s condition at the same floor(3rd) Bad uses and appropriation Different bad uses of the basement level (left) and the groundloor (centre and right) Appropriation of common space 20 Our interpretation . common space and common interests is less. today the question of social housing is more related to immigrant people and low income families. The people living the south part (5 stairs) seem more heartless to improve the building.4 Social environment • The buildings The population living inside the buildings changed a lot in the last decade.L. It has become a represent of dangerous.

the space is currently reserved only by some dwellers downstairs as their storing houses. Some problem also occurs even in the corridors. it is used only for living and the uses related to living. the space of the ground floor is obviously divided into types: in the old building (the northern part). • Surrounding The weekly open-air market present in the surrounding in the neighbourhood changes radically the intensity and the types of uses Uses of the groundfloor Our interpretation 21 . Generally. residual places mentioned before were use as garbage input. The most important space in the building lies in the ground floor. As for the space in between. but also because of its position. there is the space for distribution and some temporary use such as open sitting room and parking. the rooms are used as dwellings. the rooms are used as storing houses for the inhabitants living above while in the new building (the southern part). while the rest of the roof is empty with worsening condition brought out by the rain and the neglecting activities. all of the space is used as dwellings with little space as supporting services like corridors and stairs. on both side of which some rooms are used as storing houses. generally it can be concluded as public or semi public places use as private. the basement is left unused totally with lots of trashes thereabout. which refers to the floor on the roof. On the top floor. The space at the basement is now used only on the northern part as underground parking. There are very obvious problems in ground floor. not only because of the aim of the project. some illegal structures can be seen. On the southern part. Regarding the floors between the ground floor and the roof.3. As shown in the map. its function as well as the expectation from the inhabitants living there.5 Use of space • Inside the building The use of space inside the building is quite simple itself. illegal parking and abusive occupations.

An opposite condition of exclusion during the other days. also because there are many abusive sellers.via Turati 40 characterizing the spaces around the buildings of via Turati 40. who sometimes use also the building ground floor as shelter. during these days the presence of local police units increases.L. where a lot of children play during the good weather afternoons. coming also from other municipalities adjoining Bollate. As all the open-air market are. Finally. the park in front of the cemetery a lot of criminal activities happen in summer time. In general the traffic intensity increase a lot during the market days. the presence of trash during and after the selling activity is a lot and in someway constitute a negative effect on the neighbourhood liveability. While in the free days the cars parked are mostly concentrated in the parking area in front of the bigger building. and the M. • Compression and exclusion Via Turati neighbourhood lives in a double condition. Criminal activities outside and inside: in the southwest of the building there is a cemetery. During the other days the spaces that are of- ten used are the equipped area in Piazza della Libertà. A compression detrmined by the market activity.King Park. while during the other days the area is not so much crossed by cars.Bollate . which in someway invades the spaces of the neighbourhood. playing. when the neighbourhood becomes a place to avoid for the rest of the population. especially in the weekends and when are organized particular events. and sometimes also the private spaces reserved to the inhabitants at the basement level. creating sometimes the assumption for conflicts. and sometimes they use the ground floor of the building as shelter. used by a lot of people jogging. walking. In the park is also present a disco-pub which is quite frequented during the night times. Daily intensity of use main access pathways intensity degree Exclusion Market’s days intensity of use main access pathways intensity degree Compression 22 Our interpretation . during the market days all the streets around it are used to parking. In the market days the neighbourhood is the destination for a lot of people.

SOCIAL DIVISION: Social division among the people living in the building of via Turati and the population of its surroundings. LOW INVOLVEMENT: The inhabitants are not very involved in the CdQ decision-making. we can recognize different aspects that produce negative effects in the neighbourhood. CRITICAL STRUCTURAL CONDITIONS: The buildings of via Turati 40 have structural problems and decay (in 1994 the declaration of un tness on the part of ASL). between one scale and another. and outside. divided and cumbersome ISOLATION: The neighborhood is separated from its surroundings and for its aesthetic and functional. analysis and interview. LACK OF COMMERCIAL ACTIVITIES: The area is poorly served by food shops. . INHABITANTS vs OPEN-AIR MARKET: The weekly market creates inconvenience to the residents. A L E R CRIMINAL ACTIVITIES: At the ground oor of the buldings of via Turati the are frequently illegal activities such as drug dealing. Canella have strong aesthetic code and forms that mark them from the context. A L E R MAZE COMMON SPACE Common spaces on the ground oor of the buildings of via Turati 40 are fragmented. COMMUNICATION GAP: Con ict between residents of the buildings of Via Turati and the Aler about the maintenance of spaces. COPIRIGHT CONSTRAINT: The constraint copiright for the building of arch. A S L DIFFICULT POLITICAL COMMUNICATION: Lack of dialogue between di erent political parties on the implementation of the CdQ. LOW DEFINITION OF PUBLIC SPACE: Public spaces of the neighborhood are poorly equipped. RESIDUAL SPACES: In the building the are lots of residual spaces under-used. Canella limits the possibile actions. robbery. between the neighborhood and the rest of branded. POOR LIGHTS: The buildings of via Turati are poorly enlightened causing a strong sense of insecurity. BAD USES OF COMMON SPACES: Bad uses of common spaces by residents and outsiders. SOCIAL STIGMA: The residents of Via Turati 40 are seen in a negative way from the rest of the population of Bollate. LACK OF DIALOGUE: There is a strong lack of communication both inside the bulding.CRITICAL ASPECTS R In force as of our survey. STIFF IMAGE OF THE BULDING: The buildings of arch. Our interpretation 23 . building. since during its course negative behaviors occur the ground oor of the buildings of via Turati.

sports and administrative centers. HIGH ACCESSIBILITY: The area highly accessible to public and private means. family counseling centers. PROXIMITY TO THE CENTRE: The buildings are next to the downtown and to its many services LANDMARK CHARACTER: The buildings of architect Canella strongly characterizes the district distinguishing it from the surroundings. schools. . INHABITANTS’ PROPOSALS: Some people have di erent ideas and would like to be more involved in the CdQ decision-making. LOT OF GREEN SPACES: Strong presence of public green areas. ASSOCIATIONS’ NETWORK: Strong presence of several local associations active in the neighborhood. OPEN AIR MARKET: The temporary market on Tuesday morning is a central attractive place to people outside the neighborhood. FREE SPACE FOR NEW USES: The buldings’ interior is full of underused collective spaces that can be exploite. MANAGE OF SERVICES: Several residents in the course of the interviews showed they’ re interested to be involved in the direct management of some new services of the neighborhood. ? PROXIMITY TO MAIN FUNCTIONS: The neighborhood is close to important local functions such as: church.POTENTIAL ASPECTS Other aspects give quality to the neighbourhood marking it as a high liveable area: HIGH LEVEL OF MOBILITY: The area is well equipped with parking and connected with public transport.

4 Scenarios .

What could happen if all the common spaces were really used for common and social activities? Scenario 4 .2 Scenarios .Plug-in: wider area connecting the centre and the parks on the west. • • • • • Scenario 0 .Creative Hub: the buildings themselves as a all. and consequently the isolated character of the neighbourhood? Scenario 2 .1 Interpret the boundaries The definition of the project’s boundaries is strictly related to the interpretation of the context and the selection of problems and resources. We could arrive to individuate different possible boundaries according to the elements highlighted and their possible development scenario.What could happen if we stress the copyright constraint.What could happen if the buildings were considered the element of connection.Collective living: the building itself and the public spaces around it.King Park? Scenario 3 .Boundaries Each of the considered scenarios implies a different definition of the boundaries in which the neighbourhood plays a diverse role.What could happen if the spaces inside the building were divided and assigned to the private inhabi- tants? 4 1 3 0 2 26 Scenarios .L. Scenario 1 . Scenario 0 . Thus is clear that fixed boundaries are not useful.Private living: inner boundaries constituted by the spaces inside the building. Scenario 3 .Bollate .CdQ’s outcomes: CdQ area.via Turati 40 4. In this way we individuate a range of different extensions where the resources and the problems considered determine the type of relationships between the neighbourhood and the context. 4. Scenario 4 .What could happen if the CdQ project will be completed with all the changes from the actual version? Scenario 1 . Scenario 2 . the door between the City Centre and the M.

Via Turati 40 neighbourhood will be.CdQ outcomes (renewal. Moreover. and excluded by the context. the changes that seem to be approved will densify much more the actual public spaces with new volumes. social) What could happen if the CdQ project will be completed with all the changes from the actual version? It seems that the stronger action provided by the CdQ is the part related to the dwelling’s increasing and the consequent increase of the population. commerce. Renewal of the exhisting buildings.3 Scenario 0 . subtracting an important social and open space for all the inhabitans living there and emphasizing the cut between the centre and the big green areas on the west. security. * * * * New volumes. Higher density of population. New division between the centre and the neighbourhood. probably. Future Today Future Today Scenarios 27 .4.

Actors like the universities and the design schools could be involved. but also in the design and art disciplines). could be activated synergies with rooted initiatives already present in Bollate. with a role of landmark and an historical value. For example there could be sited a museum of the modernist movement’s culture (not only in architecture. Workshops and exhibitions Museum and identity. * * * * Landmark. like the jazz festival of Villa Arconati.4 Scenario 1 .Creative Hub (Isolation. 28 Scenarios Future Today Future Today . designers and architects who could find a place for their exhibitions and their activities. providing also educational and disclosing activities oriented to the schools and the public in general.via Turati 40 4.Copyright) What could happen if we stress the copyright constraint. Inside this vision of overturning the identity of the building. both for the inhabitants and Bollate. but even the young artists.Bollate . In this way could be constructed a complete different identity than today. making the building itself a positive presence in the territory. and consequently the isolated character of the neighbourhood? The building could become a hub for art. or other events related to arts in general. creating a place of research about the design process. architecture and design. Education activities.

4. we could imagine a connection with the wider environmental system mainly represented by the “Parco delle Groane”. with alternative power resources and innovative solutions concerning the functional plants of the dwellings.) and the fair trade and consumption. like the provincial ecologic corridors or projects about agriculture and sustainability (cascina Nibai in Cernusco). creating for instance the Via Turati 40’s GAS (Solidarity Purchasing Groups).King Park? A physical path would guarantee the connection between the 3 elements (park-buildings-centre) and create a sort of green way inside Bollate.L. Other kind of solutions could work on the direct production of food (kitchen-gardens. Sustainable technologies. Such a project could interact with other policies and projects.5 Scenario 2 .Plug-in (Connections. Agriculture and gardening. The neighbourhood could become a place to promote sustainable styles of living. Future Today Future Today Scenarios 29 . the door between the City Centre and the M. Extending the horizon. Sustainability) What could happen if the buildings were considered the element of connection. Green ways. green treatment of the gray waters. * * * * Connections. ecc.

and many other things could be thought. like the “toy library”.6 Scenario 3 . which could be the functional connection between the spaces of the buildings and the weekly open-air market. Social relationships. where the inhabitants manage the common spaces and the activities inside them. today not so much considered in the actual project processes.via Turati 40 4. * * * * Common and pubic spaces. Self-organaisation and management. the “library” and the “social bar” in the square in front of the building. The building could be a place for a new collective style of living. Would find a place their own ideas. Involvement and participation.Bollate .Collective liveability (Community. managed by an association of inhabitants for example. 30 Scenarios Future Today Future Today . but also some functional dimensions like the garbage’s recycling process. The new collective spaces could also host a fix market. Involvement) What could happen if all the common spaces were really used for common and social activities? The inhabitants could have many spaces for social interaction and meetings.

but also a disomogeneity in the managing and maintenance conditions between parts. the car boxes would be closed and divided. In practice the common space could remain the green areas around the building. intimacy) What could happen if the spaces inside the building were divided and assigned to the private inhabitants? The actual common spaces would be closed and assigned to private citizens for their own activities.4. This process of private improvement of the quality of the space could create more attractive conditions for some economical activities.Private living (privacy.7 Scenario 4 . which could even managed per parts. like shops and offices. and between inhabitants and Aler. Private uses and business activities. Disomogeneity between different parts. Future Today Future Today Scenarios 31 . Management per parts. * * * * Closed spaces. avoiding the actual conflicts between inhabitants themselves. The maintenance of the building could be better organized by an administration of the single parts of the building.

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Attachments .

 Mr. we try to negotiate the solutions with Aler and often we fix what is broken. they never came to the 34 . F. F. and can you tell us more information about it?  Mr. so what kind of problems or condition that you feel and see in this building both in physical and in social?  Summary of Mr. F. They are the Swiss (Mr. In this place we want to put a periodic Aler’s office to which we can ask for problems or help to fill documents. The interview was in Italian language and this short paper is a translation version. Suma was saying: “Look here. Suma was saying: “This building is called Alcatraz. Group member: How is the relationship between the residences inside the building?  Summary of Mr. F. Suma was saying: “We are Italians. F. but we don’t know when will be possible. in term of cooperation and participation of the inhabitants and consequently in terms of physical condition. F. Many of these problems belong to Aler. They use them as rubbish dump!”  Summary of Mr. Suma: The conflict seems to be a diffused dynamic within the same inhabitant’s population. This was supposed to be a common place.via Turati 40 2010.  Summary of Mr. The inhabitants do many maintenance works. there are many barriers inside the building. F. F. For the readers to easy follow the interview. Suma. Suma: The relation with Aler is mainly conflict. Suma was saying: “In this part of the building we are more active. you know? But the fault it's also of us inhabitants. Group member: So it seems there are many problems between the local residence and Aler. Thus. We don't know the people living in that part. hard to by pass by particular population like elderly and handicap persons.”  Mr. the summary about Mr. The building is clearly divided in two parts: northern 3 stairs more concerned about the living conditions and the care of the spaces. who have problems when the elevator is broken or when some big things block the passages. Suma: In the other 5 stairs the situation is even worse. Could be a great place to meet each other when is raining or organize parties for free. Group member: Nice to meet you Mr. Suma: It is clear that the main problems which perceived and explained by the inhabitants are dramatic. F. creating a huge feeling of dirty and unsafe condition.Bollate . not attentive to the needs of the people and the care of the spaces. Suma:  Mr. F. but often the technical answer is slow and inefficient. We would have it. F. th Report of the meeting with Mr. Few people concern about the care of the spaces. They have almost no answers to their requests concerning the conditions of the building and the technical plants. The concrete is in sharp decline state and the facade and the walls are broken in many points. F. F. Aler is perceived as a far presence. Suma is indicating the other part of the building). Can you introduce yourself to us? Group member: while. November 19 .  Mr. hidden activities). with the risk for people inside and outside the building. Suma was saying: “I am living here already 30 years. F. I have 6 sons and now I stay in my apartment with my daughter and my wife. the group went to the project area mainly the building to interview one local habitant. Suma: Moreover. F.”  Summary of Mr. Suma’s words is writing done.  Summary of Mr. Suma: Many spaces at the ground floor and the underground level are used in bad ways (waste big stuffs.

I always say to the other to don't pay the rent. they are in “25” (probably a hyperbola). Suma was saying: “I don’t pay the rent! Because Aler is not doing its job. so everything is slow and uncertain.” (The first inhabitants were almost all workers in the Alfa Romeo and they live here since a long time. Think that somebody rents the trucks to immigrants. 35 .Group member: So there are immigrants in this building as well? meetings. We have not guaranteed the basic conditions to live well. The politicians stopped each others only for teasing. I pay what I use. so their concern about the place is least and the social and spatial poor conditions don't help.” This is a ghetto (from the interpretation of the group!)  Mr. Suma: This building was to be demolished and the provided project was very good. In the apartment beside mine live a family of immigrants. We live like gated within the building. Canella demonstrate a big egoism asking for the copyright constrain. but people are afraid to be reported by Aler. F. Suma was saying: “The situation is worse since the immigrant population came. to live in. so why we should pay the house owner? I pay only the light and water bill. F. Now the solution is more complicated and less effective. just outside the building.)  Mr. so their sense of belonging is more rooted. The other inhabitants came later and in different times. F.” Group member: Do you have much more information about the building in related with Canella?  Summary of Mr. either the committee or the CdQ’s public debates. without taking care of the project and the solutions.

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