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Our Evolutionary History
To manufacture a superior energy efficient, IBS building system from 1974 - 2011
Developed in 1974 as a fully EIFS exterior energy efficient wall cladding.
Rigid cellular insulation was fixed to stud frame walls with designer fixings followed by fibreglass mesh & composite application. The koto architectural finishes were applied on site. The system was successfully tested and approved by NATA testing facilities for cyclonic wind speeds of 60 m/s. Thousands of these were installed in cyclonic, and fluctuating temperature regions.
Developed in 1984 and tested for axial compression, bending & raking (Test report DL101-Log 183) with excellent result, was approved for cyclonic wind speeds of 60m/s. Fully engineered and signed off by BHP Australia. This patented energy efficient cold rolled steel structure with fire retardant rigid cellular insulation pressurized into the frame was then coated with a fibre reinforced composite finish. Used in many private and military projects throughout Malaysia and the Philippines.
4 From 1995 DL 1 DL 2 DL 3 DL 4 DL 5 BHP BHP BHP BHP DL 6 DL 7 DL 8 DL 9 . CSIRO and BHP NATA For the following :CSIRO National Acoustics BTL New Zealand BHP BHP BHP BHP BHP Full Scale Fire Full scale sound test Cyclic raking Load/deflection Load/deflection Load/deflection Load/deflection Load/deflection Load/deflection Load/deflection Load/deflection Load/deflection To AS 1530.KOTO 3: The Koto system was used extensively in Malaysia consisting of cold rolled frames with aerated composite infill. Patented Light-weight aerated composite infill panel tested at Brands NZ.s and finished with Koto architectural finishes.
It was at this time. we will find a Solution to the Global Housing Crisis. we said……. .
They said. It was Impossible…… It could Not be Done .
would like to see . 5. 2.they all replied 1. 4. 3. Build Faster Build Smarter Build Cheaper Build more Profitable Build with better Quality .Our 1st step for a ‘Solution to the Global Housing Crisis’. We asked:Developers Engineers Architects Contractors Project managers Government Specification Officers What they.
K-Blocks are essentially reinforced permanent formwork – the adjacent photo demonstrates what the reinforced concrete looks like internally. Simple to use. IBS building system. Malaysia. similar to what Henry Ford did for the motor vehicle industry. Australia etc. 2004-2008 Photo Right: Sirim Testing Authority . Koto has licensed the intellectual property.KOTO 4: The K-Block designs are registered in many countries including the United States. energy efficient. This fully integrated. very cost effective and competes against conventional construction throughout Asia. is manufactured on a high-speed Koto Processing Line. to a number of globally green conscious organizations that is quickly changing the way people think about construction. the European Union.
KOTO In the Rice Paddy Duplex Completed in 7 days .
..KOTO 4 • • • • • • • • continued Maximum energy efficiency Can be installed by unskilled labour Reduces transport costs No waste Houses completed in days not months No hacking required Cost effective Reduces end users energy cost and more….
For housing where there is no vertical compression to worry about.KOTO 4: Koto building system is a number of ‘Vertical Beams’. nor a column. From 2005 until Today . Our columns are in fact acting like vertical beams for flexure. or “Vertical Beam” to explain it. the KOTO system is fully designed as a series of beams both vertical and horizontal. Hence for face flexure and racking engineering uses beam formula. nor a beam in terms of strictly complying with the code. In fact from a structural point of view KOTO is a "Vierendeel" Truss. We have just found it convenient to alternatively call it "Load Bearing Wall" and "Column and Beam". The KOTO system is neither a wall.
Dead Load Weight In most Asian Countries DLW is actually higher when 40mm of plaster is rendered to both sides of the bricks Concrete Steel 2600kg/M3 700kg/M3 3100kg/m3 635kg/m3 KOTO .
Ideal for any climate from low cost housing to up-market high-rise apartments. .KOTO 4: Without limitation Koto 4 offers flexibility in • Design • Manufacturing • Detailing • Installation • Finishing More than any other building system on the planet.
fast.KOTO 4: 5 Stories without columns using Koto 4 as a ‘Shear Wall’ system. . energy efficient. Some professional engineers have designed up to 20 levels using the koto shear wall methodology. 900mm x 3.6m K-Blocks due to their module dimensions are ideal for this application. It is a simple. IBS construction methodology as shown in the diagram.
energy efficient and design flexibility. In Tawau long houses on the water and Island eco resort found Koto 4 ideal due to its ability to resist wind driven saline and rusting. .KOTO 4: Langkawi Chalets Step elevated land projects are ideally suited due to the Low-Dead-Load-Weight. waterproof. Green building system.
plastering and labour costs. . increased yield and quality grade of the birds nest product.KOTO 4: Birds Houses in Sabah. Now called Koto Bird Hotels by some who say the swallow is much happier. Sarawak and Indonesia are quickly and easily constructed with ideal security far superior than brick construction. Huge reduction in transport.
KOTO 4: Floating Buildings Due to the Low-Dead-LoadWeight Koto offers without compromise to toughness and strength. Koto floating commercial properties or resort hospitality chalets are mounted on pontoons encapsulated with polyethylene to resist water bugs. Can be anchored using Koto Screw Piles vertically or Horizontally. .
. Ideal for small confined spaces. mining town accommodation and the one piece wall and roof combination is ideal for low cost housing due to its easy transportation and snap together principle.KOTO 4: Mining Quarters Micro homes 1 piece wall & roof Modernized micro and compact living.
Koto 150mm K-Block is ideal for this construction as a protective barrier that will not deteriorate. fresh air and need to keep the weight as low as possible on their river frontage housing. .KOTO 4: The Water People of Tawau Sabah East Malaysia enjoy the natural surroundings. The smooth surface provides an esthetically pleasing appearance to their home.
KOTO ENVIRO HOMES .
commercial properties or up-market high-rise construction.KOTO 4: Low Cost Housing One of the great things about the diversity of the Koto energy efficient building system is that the same components are used for either low cost. The only difference is the finish. The occupants found their homes to be very cool in the hot tropical environment and after 10 years they still look like new. Now everyone can afford a home .
KOTO 4: Koto Fences: Contractors who have installed a Koto fence all have one think in common to say. Hundreds of metres can be installed per day and the finish will not absorb large volumes of paint. . The fence is pre-plastered and complete with core holes ready for reinforced concrete. They will never go back to using bricks.
KOTO FENCING .
KOTO Mediterranean .
comfortable environment to study. .KOTO 4: SCHOOLS built from Koto products will provide children with a cool. or designers may choose to use Koto 4 panels as infill's between columns and beams. Multi-story schools may take advantage of using Koto vertical beam design capability. Koto is ideal for remote schools as practically every components can be transported on one truck.
whereas up market dwellings can form the roof design as part of the koto design. . Exterior reverse roofing is ideal for community use.KOTO 4: Koto Water Harvesting: Koto encourages all parties to consider water harvesting wherever possible.
KOTO 4: Koto dares you to go Green: As the design flexibility allows. larger or commercial complexes should consider Greening their roof or in the case of flat roofing grow agricultural crops using hydro or aquaponic Auto-Pots available from Iris Corporation Berhad – Malaysia .
Koto Columns are designed to suit the engineers specs and the beam easily pulls into the column without fixings. aluminum or other up-market claddings are easily and permanently fixed into the koto system. 2006 For High-Rise Construction .KOTO 5: Koto 4 K-Blocks can be used for infill panels between columns and beams to provide energy efficient buildings that class A corporations prefer to occupy to be green and reduce their energy costs. whereas acrylic. Low cost housing apartments may choose to use the standard koto preplastered panel as a finish. The Low-Dead-Load-Weight allows value engineers to re-design the foundations. columns and beams. pile caps.
KOTO COLUMNS & BEAMS .
• Use less concrete • Use less steel • Use minimum props • Concrete is less in thickness • Can place concrete at high speed • Use different stiffeners for different spans • Fast set up time • Fast completion time .KOTO-FLOOR DECK • Koto Floor Decks are:insulated.
Benefits • • • • • • • • • • • 1: Hi-Speed 2: R-Value of 7.128 3: Eco Friendly 4: Minimum workers 5: Cost Effective 6: Reduced Transport 7: Eliminate wastage 8: Engineered to 70 m/s Cyclonic wind speed 9: No more Form work 10: Round or Curved walls 11: K-Block 180 engineered for Zone 3 earthquakes .
c: Provide better environment for the end user. Minimum wet trades Interest saved on loan Pre-Plastered Base a: Simplifies the Construction Technology. Work in wet weather. d: Reduce the need for skilled workers e: Reduce the steel and concrete dependency f: Reduce the load on the National electricity Grid .Benefits continued 11: 12: 13: 14: 15: Reduced Crane Hire. b: Raise the quality of Buildings.
and passed the Bomba building code requirement.. A full scale fire test under-load by Sirim Testing Authority. Zone 3 Earthquake K-Block – Ready for Release . The fire rated material developed by Koto Director is from waste.KOTO 6: Earthquake Block: Koto Earthquake K-Block is shown in the drawings to the right and 170mm wide….
beams and floors is what kills most people in earthquakes. Photo: Heavy reinforced concrete columns.KOTO 6: SIRIM Fire Tests: Fire test under load by Sirim revealed the Koto Seismic and high wind speed Koto K-Block is ready after a significant time of testing. . Wind speeds of 70 metres per second. earthquake zone 3 and partition walling are ideal applications for this Koto Product.
. Load applied was set to the maximum capacity.KOTO 6: The Koto 6: walling system was Sirim tested under BS: 476 Part 20 • Sirim Gas fired Furnace Photo: Thermo couplings connected to the Koto 6 internally and externally back to the computer room.
• Sirim Testing Authority Numbers at the bottom Relate to the external temperature of the Koto 6 walling system. .KOTO 6: Numbers at the top relate to the internal temperature of the Furnace.
KOTO 7 We would like to share with you what is coming next .
We commenced developing KOTO 7 in 2004 • It will be released Shortly to re-build a new city ruined by earthquakes in Indonesia This will be a new GREEN city • Multiple Green high-rise apartment partition walling over three continents .
KOTO 7 Sustainable Housing from Renewable Resources is the “Solution to the Global Housing Crisis” .
TO THIS Koto .
The waste sample is 5mm thick and temperature 1350 c • • • • • • • • Its Green Its Fire rated Its Sound rated Its Permanent Its Quality Its Affordable Its Sustainable It’s the Solution .KOTO 7: Koto 7 insulated building products Made from Agriculture and or Made from Waste.
Each Home will have no connection to any external services as all sewerage. water and electricity is self generated from Koto devices. Designer Boundary Fence and Each Home will grow sustainable food for the entire family including the useable roof space.KOTO NILE OUR DREAM is close to realization to manufacture our copyright design community housing shown on the right from waste. Copyright Argo Architects and Koto corp © .
common crops and SRI_2 rice. • Designs can be made for hot dry climates or tropical environs. Copyright Argo Architects and Koto corp © . • As this is a Self Sustainable community using the Koto Sustainable Agriculture for Sustainable Housing. • With no services to pay for and totally sustainable government will no longer be burdened with social security payments.KOTO NILE Koto Nile to have various roof levels for self observation security. • The common areas will have minimum traffic.
Up to 15 bedroom homes can be manufactured quickly from the disaster waste for immediate relief. Copyright Argo Architects and Koto corp © . All services will be the same as the Koto Nile Project. Koto Proposes a ‘Solution to Re-Construction’ All debris and waste will be fed into the equipment we have developed then processed through our Koto Processing Line into ‘Snap Together’ housing so that families can have immediate relief.Natural or Generated Disasters KOTO AID In the event of future disasters. The government can recycle the housing again if ever required.
Can “Mix and Match” with conventional methods. . Koto is high-speed manufacturing.SUMMARY ALL KOTO SYSTEMS are:• • • • • • • • • • Designed with total flexibility and many Engineering Options to suit practically ANY application. Koto is a Smart. Koto 7 is the future. Koto is easily understood by any professional engineer. Koto is energy efficient with permanent insulated formwork. the beginning of real green buildings without compromise. installation and quality waterproof finish. the solution. Koto 6 is for earthquake and high wind speed. Koto 5 is for high-rise infill panels. Green “Diaphragm” Construction system. Koto 4 is a multi-purpose fully integrated system.
and Ruin Planet Earth – There is No Place else to go. Remember. because – if we do Nothing. to find a Green affordable ‘Solution to the Global Housing Crisis’.and Thank you for your attention on our privately funded 37 years journey of Research & Development. . together we Can Make a Difference.
kotocorp.www.com email@example.com .
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