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Southern Railway, in its present form, came into existence on 14th April 1951 through the merger of the

three state railways namely Madras and Southern Mahratta Railway, the South Indian Railway, and the Mysore state railway. Southern Railways present network extends over a large area of Indias Southern Peninsula, covering the states of Tamilnadu, Kerala, Pondicherry,and a small portion of Andhra Pradesh. Serving these naturally plentiful and culturally rich southern states, the SR extends from Mangalore on the west coast and Kanniyakumari in the south to Renigunta in the North West and Gudur in the North East. Headquartered at Chennai, the Southern Railway comprises of the following six divisions.

1. Chennai 2. Tiruchirapalli 3. Madurai 4. Palghat 5. Trivandrum 6. Salem

organisation

Southern's first president, Samuel Spencer, drew more lines into Southern's core system. During his 12-year term, the railway built new shops at Knoxville, Tennessee, and Atlanta, Georgia and purchased more equipment. He moved the company's service away from an agricultural dependence on tobacco and cotton and centered its efforts on diversifying traffic and industrial development.

By the time the line from Meridian, Mississippi, to New Orleans, Louisiana was acquired in 1916 under Southern's president Fairfax Harrison, the railroad had attained the 8,000-mile, 13-state system that marked its territorial limits for almost half a century.

The Central of Georgia became part of the system in 1963, and the former Norfolk Southern Railway was acquired in 1974. The Southern Railway (Tamil: ; Malayalam: ) is the earliest of the 16 zones of the Indian Railways created in independent India. It was created on April 14, 1951 by merging three state railways namely Madras and Southern Mahratta Railway, the South Indian Railway Company, and the Mysore State Railway. The South Indian Railway was originally created in the British colonial times as Great Southern India Railway Co. founded in Britain in 1853 and registered in 1859. Its original headquarters was in Tiruchirappalli (Trichy) and was registered as a company in London only in 1890.[1]

Southern Railway has its headquarters in Chennai and has the following six divisions: Chennai, Madurai, Tiruchirappalli, Salem, Palakkad, and Thiruvananthapuram. It covers the states of Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Pondicherry and small portions of Andhra

Pradesh and Karnataka. More than 500 million passengers travel on the network every year. This zone of the Indian Railways is different from the other zones of India as its revenue is derived from passengers and not from freight.[2]

Chennai Central and Trivandrum Central are the most profitable stations under Southern Railway Division.[3] The most profitable route comprises Chennai Central Arakkonam - Katpadi - Salem - Erode - Coimbatore Junction , Chennai Egmore Viluppuram - Tiruchirappalli - Dindigul- Madurai - Tirunelveli - Nagercoil, Coimbatore Junction - Thrissur - Ernakulam Junction - Trivandrum Central, Mangalore Central Calicut - Shornur Junction.

For better administrative control and improved development and operational reasons, the Railway Board approved the creation of a new Railway Division with Salem as headquarters in 2005 to improve railway infrastructure, facilities (lacking since several decades) and introduce better train services, thus satisfying the long felt needs of railway passengers in and around surrounding areas and thereby providing better conveniences to rail travelers. Coimbatore and Erode stations are also included in the Salem division . It is now the fourth largest of all the six divisions of the Southern Railway and was carved out of the Palakkad and Tiruchirapalli divisions. A large section of this railway zone are broad gauge lines, and only small section are meter gauge lines. The main improvements currently in this railway zone are to convert all lines to broad gauge, improvement of stations, platform covering, better catering stalls and an automated signaling system to avoid accidents.

The Chennai Central station handles a million passengers every day. Nine stations namely Chennai (Egmore), Coimbatore, Erode, Salem, Tiruchirapalli, Madurai, Tirunelveli, Palakkad and Thiruvananthapuram have been scheduled for upgrading. Chennai Central, Ernakulam Junction[4] Trivandrum Central and Calicut railway stations are being upgraded to world class standards. Contents [hide]

* 1 Timeline and key events * 2 Trains of Southern Railway * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links

[edit] Timeline and key events

1845: (May 8), Madras Railway Company was launched.

1853: Madras Railway Company, registered in Chennai (Royapuram) Arcot (valaja Road) began work.

1856: June 1 Royapuram -valaja Road route in the South's first passenger rail service began. Perambur Courage loco workshop set up in Vaughan.

1861: Beypore - Tirur (Kozhikode) route commissioned . Great Southern Railway of India Tiruchirappalli nakapattinat up to 125 Km from the gauge set.

1862: Madras Railwat. Tramve for local transport company established in Chennai in India.

1864: jolarpettai- Bangalore-mail began service.

1865:

1868: Nagapattinam Tiruchirappalli route began service.

1872: Great Southern Railway of India Railway, In 1874 (SIR) renamed to South Indian Railway

1875: Nagapattinam Tiruchirappalli marrapattatu gauge to meter gauge. Meter gauge route from Trichy to Madurai for service been left open.

1879: French Government and the British Government and the meter gauge line between Pondicherry and Villupuram formed according to an agreement. Bridge work to take the free train service began in Thanjavur, Chennai (previously up to take two trains from markat Activated)

1891: January utamaiyakkapttatu first South Indian railway officials. Nilgiri mountain railway has happened in the beginning.

1898: Mettupalayam kunnur service began. Olavakkode - Palakkad line constructed.

1899: Chennai-Vijayawada passenger service began. Boat Mail from Chennai enapatum Ceylon passenger ship with a connecting service between Tuticorin started.

1902: Kochi - Shornur set the path.

1904: Kollam - Thiruvananthapuram line constructed.

1907: Mangalore - Kozhikode line constructed.

1908 Chennai Egmore Railway Station was built.

1927: Shornur - Nilambur line constructed

1929: Chennai suburban railway service began.

1931: Chennai Beach to Tambaram meter gauge electric train service started in the finished work (discontinued in 2004, replaced by broad topic.

1934: Kochi - Shornur changed the path of the gauge.

1944: Marathon Madras, Southern Railway, South Indian Railway (SIR) associated with.

1951: April 14, Madras, Mysore State Railways, Southern Railway, South Indian Railway in front of Marathon, with a new lower zone of the Southern Railway, Railway utayamayirru intitiya.

1965: Chennai - Tambaram - Villupuram route (25KV AC) and converted into electrical path.

1966: vijayavata from Southern Railway, Hubli, South Central Railway was formed separate divisions thugs.

1975: (Now) Ernakulam - Kollam meter gauge to broad gauge was replaced.

1976: New Delhi, Tamil Nadu draft iyakkapattatu car. (Sep 13) Ernakulam Trivandrum gauge was opened for traffic

1979: New York - kummitipunti (Apr 13), Chennai - Thiruvallur (Nov 23) minmayam made. Thiruvananthapuram Tirunelveli and Kanyakumari via Nagercoil Nagercoil path tirakapattana path. (Oct 2) uruvayrru Trivandrum Division.

1982: Thiruvallur Arakkonam minmayam made.

1987: Chennai suburban Avadi (EMU) service starts.

1988: opened in Karur broad gauge pad.

1989: Alappuzha Ernakulam opened gauge.

1992: Alappuzha kayankulam opened gauge.

1995: (April 2) Tambaram, Chennai (Main Line) opened in the gauge.

1997: Flying Mylapore, Chennai Beach Railway (MRTS) iyakkapattatu.

1998: Tambaram Tiruchirappalli (line card), Tiruchirapalli Tanjore opened gauge.

1999: (Jan 6) opened in Tiruchi broad gauge pad.

2002: Southern Railway, Bangalore and Mysore divisions separated from the South Western Railway uruvayrru new zone. Ernakulam, Thrissur, minmayam made.

2004: Mylapore in Chennai from the flying train directed to Thiruvanmiyur.

2005: The Nilgiri Mountain train platform declared UNESCO World Heritage.

2007: (Ogg 12) and then converted to broad gauge railway pampan first movement of the bridge. (Nov 7), Trichy, Salem Division palakatu divisions formed from the split Salem viruttacalam converted to broad gauge traffic began on November 18. Mylapore Velachery Chennai flight path of the railway service was opened on November 19.

2010: (April 23), Villupuram-Mayiladuthurai gauge passenger traffic began to be replaced. (Meter gauge line was closed in December 2006).