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ESTABLISHMENT OF ADULT EDUCATION & LITERACY CENTER, JAMSHORO UNDER PRODUCTIVE AGEING PROGRAM
SHAIKH MUHAMMAD HUSSAIN PHD SCHOLAR, DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMICS, UNIVERSITY OF SINDH, JAMSHORO, PAKISTAN firstname.lastname@example.org, +92-333-2613716 IFA’S 9TH GLOBAL CONFERENCE ON AGEING SCHEDULED TO BE HELD FROM 4TH TO 7TH SEPTEMBER 2008
Date of Presentation:
UNIVERSITY OF SINDH JAMSHORO, PAKISTAN.
Both age and ageing are imperious forces in social life. it is suggested only the desirability but the possibility of redistributing education. these problems. woman or child nor society as a whole is immune to their effects or to the problem they create. These problems have been taken for granted as immutable. With the assurance that to what degree social factors are responsible for personal trouble and social problems related to age and to find some social means for ameliorating or correcting.2 Category: Title: 6 The impact of design on participation ESTABLISHMENT OF ADULT EDUCATION & LITERACY CENTER.H. and opening of adult education centers and literacy program in the community. no man. For example. Jamshoro Town is called the education city of Pakistan where three main universities are located. is a social process. While abolishing age based allocation is not being considered seriously as a corrective. Introduction: Age and ageing are social as well as biological phenomena life long process of aging or growing older. molded by human beings. rooted in human history and susceptible to social intervention and change. Jamshoro. age segregation or age conflict.1 Institute (s): 1University of Sindh Jamshoro. The University of Sindh the second oldest university of Pakistan having twenty thousands students enrolled in different . JAMSHORO UNDER PRODUCTIVE AGEING PROGRAM Author (s): Shaikh M. or wholly attributed to biology or "natural law" yet to understand their social character is to open all the possibilities of directing social change to improve the quality of life for people at every age. This is a way to offset inequalities and inequities among the age strata and to help integrate the young and the old into the main stream of social activity. The problem of ageing has been fully recognized as social phenomena. measure a variety of modifications of existing age criteria might well serve to prevent or reduce age inequalities. The pilot project area is selected as Jamshoro to which is a newly created District on the right bank of Indus River. Pakistan. Planning & Development.
is also working as full-fledged Medical University at Jamshoro. The project will be processed with the emphasis on adult education literacy center. as people age. The Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences. All of these stages taken to gather constitute the life span or life cycle which is a succession of statuses and roles that people in a particular society experience in a fairly predictable pattern as they grow older. Ageism refers to an ideology. has Ten Thousands students on its role. Demography is the study of the size.3 disciplines. The content of these stages depends on a person biological age and the social needs of a particular society. It is expected to be an initiative for developing other projects or activities for older person in the communities. have negative attributes and can be dominated and exploited because of their age. The total well qualified faculty in the above institutions is more than two thousands with more than 1/3 living in the housing societies and residential colonies close to the campuses. Gerontology is the scientific study of aging. psychological and social aspects of growing old. societies tend to carve out their lives into a series of stages. or a set of beliefs. Demographers have found that societies vary in terms of the proportions of their populations that are at different stages in . holding that people in a particular age group are inferior. composition and distribution of human populations and how these factors change overtime. It began as the study of why some people are especially long lived. with contributions and collaboration from all sectors at the International and Local level. Jamshoro was also the constituent Medical College of University of Sindh. but it now focused on all of the biological. The Mehran University of Engineering and Technology having all the disciplines of Engineering Technology. The Third University i.e. with different things being expected of them at each stage. (Barren and Woodruff) studies people of all aged because the process of aging begins the day we are born. Therefore the Jamshoro is the ideal place selected for the said project.
As mentioned earlier Jamshoro is town of education centre and so many professors are retiring and close to retirement should be fruitfully engaged in the services of the community & society. skills training. Adult centers should be encouraged so that the literate retired population be given chance to educate the adults and make them useful individual of society. You are distinguished executive. as a result of better health care and advances in medical facilities at annexure. when you are 59 years and 364 days old. They refer to this as the age structure of society. The concept of adult learning encompasses all education and training activities undertaken by adults for professional or personal reasons. The primary objectives of the establishment of adult education centre is to provide preparatory assistance to an individual that builds self esteem and creates confidence and improves the retired professors prospects of obtaining paid employment through assessment. educational participation should be given high priority. The distribution of people into various age categories. you are incapable to hold job. It includes general vocational and enterprise based training within a life long learning perspective (OECD 2003:8). Allow me to add that the term adult learning has been used inclusively by the OECD in its recent review of adult education. How silly and painful experience is? The focus of educational measures needs to be participation in both employment and educational services geared to learners' needs. support and advices to adult peoples. particularly with low skill and mature age. The aged fellows who are residing at District Jamshoro may be given chance once again to engage themselves in adult education literacy. What needs to be done to apply remedial efforts to improve the participation rates of the current group of adult workers. . Table of older persons in Pakistan will show how the aged persons are multiplying faster in Pakistan. Mandatory retirement defines age 60 as a point at which working people are suddenly deemed incompetent and incapable. next day.4 the life cycle.
So that they can be able to come to know about the seriousness of the problems. Research and evaluation would help in getting future line of action accordingly. . Young people are interested to change their job in the attraction of earning more money and to carve out a better future for them. or did not exist. so they must be come out ahead. 3- There should be intensive evaluation to assess the progress of the adult educational center. 6- It has been observed that the older worker stay longer than the younger one. To get better results of the nature.5 Recommendations Some of the suggested measures have been given for the effectiveness of the programme. mitigate their negative impacts and deal with them appropriately. 2- As we know that the majority of the population in Pakistan is illiterate so publicity should be given in form of films. 1- Literate old persons should be engaged in adult education centers. 4- By opening adult education centers one can assess the real life forces affecting older persons as well as illiterate persons. healthier and have a better life expectancy than those who do not work. extent and changing patterns of certain social problems which were regarded as obstacles to achieving the goals of adult ageing related efforts and activities and to better understand the skills and resources that existed. with such understanding retired professors would be able to address the problem. where they can impart knowledge to illiterate masses and make them conscious about rising population problem confronting individual and nation as a whole. 7- It is a fact that older persons can not work as fast a younger one. pictures and with practical works. 5- People who work after age of 60 are on the whole happier. but they make fewer errors and work more efficiently.
910- Increasing opportunities for employment of older persons. labour and employment. 11- Fare discounts up to (50 percent) on air and rail travel and special seats on public transport vehicles. health.6 8Older people have lot of valuable information based on their life long experience which can be easily transmitted through interaction with and training of the youth. 12- Assist member countries in establishment of linkage and collaboration in age related policies and programmes with those of the key sectors such as education. . Advancing health and well being into old age and ensuring better quality of life in old age.
Longman. • Annual Review (2001) Social Development in Pakistan. • Annual Review (2002-2003) Social Development in Pakistan. 2003. EST. 4. University Press. A Sociological Analysis. W. Who are Australia Adult Learners Report of findings from a national house hold survey conducted as part of the ABS population survey monitor. • D. Oxford University Press. et al (2001) Beyond Flexibility. 79 (12: 1175-1177). Karachi. Science and Training. Report by John M. New York. Social Policy and Development Centre Oxford. Board of Vocational Education and training.D. an Introduction 5th.A (1998) Sindhi Culture a preliminary survey. Gall. you canto.7 Bibliography • Australian Department of Health and Aged Care (2000) a frame works for prevention for suicide and self harm in Australia. Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai Chair. Karachi.R. (1989) Educational Research. A Consultation Paper. Burfat Fateh Mohammad (2002) Poverty in Sindh. Research Journal Karachi. • Brog. NSW. Adult Learning in Australia. Australian Department of Health and Aged Care. University of Karachi Vol. • Adult learning Australia 1995. • • Bulletin of the world health organization 2001. Skills and work in the future. Karachi: Indus Publications. M. Clntyre and Alastair Crombie. Canberra Department of Education. • Allana G. . • Buchanan J. Social Policy and Development Center.
• Human Development Report (2002) Deepening Democracy in Fragmented World. Hickey PA. Inc. Press New York. Oxford University. Griffith University. L. United Nations. New Jersey. Cantor CH (1999). Prentice Hall. Australian Institute for Suicide Research and Prevention. • Gay. Neulinger K.8 • De Leo D. .R and Peter Airasian (2000) Educational Research-Competencies for Analysis and Application. Development Program. Ageing and Suicide: A report to the Common Wealth Department of Health and Aged Care.
1 Brazil 7.190. Global Aging into the 21st Century.504.437 1.4 Sweden 21.986.974 1.3 Japan 20. 1998 Advance Tabulation….4 Malaysia* 6.796.153 744. 1998 Advance Tabulation…. 1999.681 828.045 Total 2.509.9 Jordan* 4.5 Egypt* 5.353.5 Indonesia* 6. III.284 609.406.456 817.211.535 Source: Pakistan. Percent of Persons 60 and Older in the Population of Selected Countries Country Percent of Population 60+ Pakistan* 5. Census Bureau.9 India 6.490 Female 1.9 United Kingdom 20.200 3.741 6.1 Source: Pakistan. For other countries: U.1 121.7 Muslims Countries Bangladesh* 5. 1996.541 3.5 United States 16.9 116.518 687. Male to Female Ratios for Older Persons in Pakistan Age Cohort 55-59 60-64 65-69 70-74 75+ Number of Men per 100 Women 115. December.5 *Denotes a predominantly Algeria* 5.383 1.5 Source: For Pakistan.702 681. 1999 II.Annexure 9 Older Persons in Pakistan I.2 China 9.618.1 108.8 Germany 20. 1998 Preliminary Census Figures.S.1 Morocco* 6. Population of Older Persons in Pakistan Age Cohort 60-64 65-69 70-74 75+ Male 1. 1999 .6 122.
251 (93%) 639. 1996 V.456 817.980 (71%) 561. 1998 Advance Tabulation….222 (93%) Source: Pakistan.589 (48%) 207.365 (38 %) 319. Percent of Pakistan Men and Women Who are Illiterate Male Population 1.284 609. 1999 VI.430 (69%) 584. 1998 Advance Tabulation….556 (62%) Source: Pakistan.741 (66 %) 389. Percent of Widowed Persons 60 and Older in Selected Countries Country Female Population Pakistan* Algeria* Bangladesh* Brazil China Egypt* Germany India Indonesia* Japan Jordan* Malaysia* Morocco* Sweden United Kingdom United States Married (%) 12 7 7 13 24 12 14 20 11 10 9 14 7 11 14 11 Widowed (%) 47 55 68 47 52 60 49 51 58 44 56 54 62 48 43 42 Source: U.198 (90%) 619.309 (38 %) Widowed (%) 409.S Census Bureau.398 (52%) 423.757 (34 %) 261.518 687.541 Age Cohort 60-64 65-69 70-74 75+ Illiterate 965.518 687.473 (91%) 564. Global Aging Into the 21st Century.717 (75%) 686.211.541 Married (%) 743.702 681.090.153 744.702 681.284 609. 1999 .929 (62 %) 251.681 828. Percent of Pakistan Women Married and Widowed by age Cohort Age Cohort 60-64 65-69 70-74 75+ Female Population 1.530 (77%) Illiterate (%) 1.200 Female Female Population 1.10 IV.211.406.
11 VII. Global Aging Into the 21st Century. Global Aging Into the 21st Century.S Census Bureau. 1996 VIII. Source: U. so data about literacy is not collected. Percent Over 60 Economically active Country Pakistan* Algeria* Bangladesh* Brazil China Egypt* Germany India Indonesia* Japan Jordan* Malaysia* Morocco* Sweden United Kingdom United States Percent of Men (%) 62 36 75 46 45 45 12 65 68 51 40 22 38 23 21 27 Percent of Women (%) 9 2 46 11 15 7 3 14 30 23 1 9 9 14 8 14 Source: U.S Census Bureau. 1996 . Present of Literate Persons 60 and Older in Selected Countries Country Pakistan* Algeria* Bangladesh* Brazil China Egypt* Germany India Indonesia* Japan Jordan* Malaysia* Morocco* Sweden United Kingdom United States Percent of Men (%) 18 19 30 60 50 31 (a) 15 68 (a) 52 43 15 (a) (a) 91 Percent of Women (%) 5 4 5 54 11 7 (a) 7 38 (a) 12 9 1 (a) (a) 93 (a) Assumed to be universal.
12 IX. 1996 .S Census Bureau. 1996 X. Global Aging Into the 21st Century. Percent Of Gross Domestic Product Spent on Health (Circa 1991) Country Pakistan* Algeria* Bangladesh* Brazil China Egypt* Germany India Indonesia* Japan Jordan* Malaysia* Morocco* Sweden United Kingdom United States Percent of Spent on Health (%) 3 7 3 4 4 3 9 6 2 7 4 3 3 9 7 13 Source: U.S Census Bureau. Percent Increase in Population 60and Over from 1996 to 2025 Country Pakistan* Algeria* Bangladesh* Brazil China Egypt* Germany India Indonesia* Japan Jordan* Malaysia* Morocco* Sweden United Kingdom United States Percent of Increase in Older Population (%) 123 188 173 164 152 164 59 167 191 51 233 233 191 41 42 88 Source: U. Global Aging Into the 21st Century.
Department of Commerce. 1999. Age Group.: GPO. International Programs Center. Global Aging in the 21st Century.S. Islamabad. Washington. Literacy. Advance Tabulation on Sex.13 Sources: Government of Pakistan. December. and Educational Attainment. Population Census Organization.C. Marital Status. U. Bureau of the Census. 1996 . D. Statistics Division.
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