This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
Specific Examination for the Computer Based Training Program TABLE OF CONTENTS 1.0 2.0 2.1 2.2 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.9 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 5.0 5.1 5.2 Requirements . . . . . Inspection Facilities . . . . Processing . . . . . Viewing . . . . . . System Performance . . . . Open Tank System . . . . Penetrant System Check . . . . Automated Systems . . . . Penetrants. . . . . . Brightness . . . . . Water Content . . . . . Separation of Constituents . . . Removability Method A Only . . . Removability Method B Only . . . Sensitivity . . . . . Emulsifier Water Content (Lipophilic) . . Emulsifier Concentration (Hydrophilic Emulsifier) Emulsifier Removability . . . . Developers . . . . . Dry Developer . . . . . Wet Developer (Soluable & Suspendable) . Nonaqueous Wet Developer . . . Black Lights . . . . . Final Inspection . . . . . Bulb Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4 .4 .4 .4 .4 .4 .4 .4 .5 .5 .5 .5 .5 .5 .5 .6 .6 .6 .6 .6 .6 .6 .6 .6 . .6 .7 .7 .7 .7 .7 .7 .7 .7 .7 .7 .7 .7 .7
5.3 Lens . . . 5.4 Lens Casing . . 5.5 Black Light Warm-up . 5.6 Black Light Lens Distance 5.7 Black Light Intensity . 5.8 Dispersal . . . 5.9 Daily Inspection . . 5.10 Line Voltage . . 5.11 Lamp Assembly . . 5.12 Light Meter . . 5.13 Light Meter Calibration . 6.0 Dryers . . . 6.1 Dryer Type . .
. . . . . 9.10 . Restrictions .10 . . . . . 9. . . . . . . . . . . . . .8 . .9 . . . . .9 . . 9. . . . . .5 7. 9. . . 9. . . . . . . . Etching . . . . . . . . . . 9. . . .18 Method C Process . . 9.2 6. . . . . .8 . 9. . .12 . . . .19 Method C Removal .29 Dry Developers .20 Method C Illumination .28 Drying Parameters . . .4 6. .8 . . . .8 . . 9. Developer Family .8 .11 . . . . . . . . . .0 9.2 7. . . . . .24 Post-rinse . . .30 Development Time . . . . . .9 .12 Penetrant Drying .11 .2 9. . . . 9. . . .32 Aqueous Developers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9. .1 Corrective Lens .10 . . . . . 9. . . . . . Final Fabrication . . . 9. . .1 7. . . . . . . .8 .0 7. . . . . . 9. . . . . . . .14 Rinsing . . . . . . . . . 10. . . . . . .9 . 9.3 Thermostat Accuracy .17 Excessive Fluorescence .6 Penetrant Applications . .9 . . .8 . . . . . . . 9. . .9 .8 .8 . .7 .8 . 9. 9. . . Penetrant Inspection Process Cleaning Methods . Dryer Temperature . . . . .9 . . .13 Penetrant Removal . . Cleaning . . .22 Method D Process .16 Examination . . .27 Drying . . .7 Welded Components . . .0 9. .10 . . . .8 Part Temperature . . . .10 . .8 . 9. . . .11 . .9 . 9. 9. . . . .21 Over-removal . . . . . .10 . . . 9. . . . .1 9. . . . . . . . .11 . .9 . . . . . . . . .3 6. Thermostat Accuracy . . .8 .10 Penetrant Dwell Time . . . .11 . . . .8 . . .9 . .4 Penetrant Coverage . .31 Nonaqueous Developers 9. . . . 9.10 . . . . . . . . . . . . . Shot Peening . .15 Spray Removal . . . . . 10. 9. .3 8. Part Temperature . . . . . . . . . . 2 . .25 Over-rinse . . . . . . . .0 Inspection . . . . . . . .8 . . . . . . . . .9 Pooling of Penetrant . 9. .12 9.9 . . . . . .26 Excessive Background . . . .23 Method D Rinse . . . .10 . . . . 9. .12 .9 . . .11 Immersion .5 Masking/Plugging . . Penetrant Family .6. . . . . . .9 . . . . . . . . . . 9.
. . . . .0 12. Method C (Solvent Removable) .13 . . . .13 . . Accept/Reject Criteria .13 . . . . . . . . .14 . . . Certified Personnel . . .12 . . . . . . . . . .13 . .6 11. . . . . . . .4 10. . . . . .5 10.8 12. Redevelopment Time . Inspecting Installed Parts .3 10. . . . . Inspection Surface Light Intensity . . .13 . . .12 . . . . . . . . Rounded Indications Accept/Reject .2 Booth Inspection . .5 11.12 . . . Method A (Water Washable) . Dark Adaptation.2 11. Evaluation .3 11. . . . . . . . Raw Stock .15 3 . .14 . . .10. . . Black Light Intensity without Developer Final Inspection . . . . . . .0 11.4 11. .6 11. . . . .7 11. . .12 . . Cracks .1 12. . . . Improper Cleaning .13 . . . . .13 .13 .13 .12 . . . . .1 11. . . . . . . . . . Rounded Indications Defined . . . . . .2 10. . . .
0 System Performance 3.The penetrant system shall be checked daily or when first operated for performance.0 Inspection Facilities 2. The equipment shall meet all applicable national and local safety requirements as well as the requirements specified herein. the ambient white light background shall not exceed 2 foot-candles. the in-use material quality shall be checked with the appropriate tests anc corrected or discarded prior to conducting any further penetrant inspections.3 Type II penetrants shall not be used prior to a Type I penetrant inspection of the same component.2 Penetrant System Check .Black lights shall provide a minimum of 1.0 Requirements 1.1 Processing . 4 . 1. 2. N410721001 Test Panel Set.2. 3.1. The check shall be made with known defect standards (PSM-5 Panel. 1. 1. 198055 TAM Panel.When performing a final inspection for fluorescent penetrants.The penetrant system check shall be performed by processing a known defect standard through the penetrant system using appropriate processing parameters and comparing the indications obtained to those obtained with unused samples of the same materials.Automated penetrant systems that incorporate deviations from manual operating procedures may be used.2 Viewing . 2.2 Water soluble developers shall not be used with water washable penetrants. 2.3 Automated Systems . 3.1 Viewing .The penetrant inspection processing equipment shall be designed in order to permit a uniform and controlled operation.4 Penetrant inspection without a developer shall be allowed only for those penetrant systems which have met the appropriate sensitivity level requirement without a developer.1 All materials used for penetrant inspection shall conform to and be qualified per MIL-I-25135. 3.1 Open Tank System .2.1 When the performance of the in-use materials falls below the performance of the unused materials. 3.000 micro-watts/cm2 when measured 15 inches from the front face of the black light filter or bulb.
3.1 A sample on unused penetrant shall be used as a reference.1 If the removability is noticeably less than the test performed with the unused penetrant sample. utilizing a clear container. the un-use penetrant shall be replaced. 3.8 Removability . Any noticeable reduction in sensitivity shall require system adjustment. 3. 3.5.(Method B Penetrant Only) .Tank penetrants shall be observed for separation of constituents (layering). The test shall consist of taking a sample of the penetrant material.The following checks on in-use penetrants shall be conducted before replenishment or when quality may have degraded.9 Removability .The removability of Method B penetrants shall be tested monthly in accordance with MIL-I-25135 with a sample of the unused penetrant as a reference. or whenever it is adjusted or shutdown for maintenance reasons. at the beginning of the shift. 3. Brightness values less than 90 percent of the unused penetrant are unacceptable and shall be replaced.3.(Method A Penetrants Only) .The removability of Method A penetrants shall be tested monthly in accordance with MIL-I-25135 with a sample of the unused penetrant as a reference. 3. 4. the in-use penetrant shall be replaced.6 Water Content . 3.The brightness of in-use penetrants shall be conducted monthly in accordance with MIL-I-25135 or ASTM-E-1135.4 Penetrants .The water content of in-use Method A penetrants shall be conducted monthly in accordance with ASTM-D-95.(Method A Penetrants Only) . 3.7 Separation of Constituents . 3.3.2 Known defects standards shall be processed through the penetrant system and compared to results of the same specimens after being processed manually.1 If the removability is noticeably less than the test performed with the unused penetrant sample. 3. The sample shall stand for a minimum of four hours and viewed to determine if there is separation of constituents.1 The system shall be checked weekly.8.9.0 Sensitivity 5 . If separation is identified the penetrant shall be replace.3.5 Brightness . Water content in excess of 5 percent by volume of the original penetrant shall be replaced.
4. 4. 4. 4.Ultraviolet (black light) final inspection lights shall be not less than 100 watts. 4.Water content shall be checked monthly in accordance with ASTM-D-95.Water Content (Lipophilic Emulsifier) .1 Emulsifier . 4.3 Emulsifier Removability .the bulb shall be a flood or spt-type with a wavelength of 3. Caked dry developer is unacceptable and shall be replaced.3.1 Final Inspection . Unacceptable performance shall be cause for replacement or corrective action.The sensitivity on in-use penetrants shall be checked weekly using a known defect standard. 5.Removability of the in-use tank emulsifier shall be checked weekly by normal wash parameters used when processing parts.0 Black Lights 5.Applications shall wet the surface to be inspected with the lightest possible coating by any suitable spray method.5 Dry Developer .2 Concentration of the wet developer shall be checked weekly with a hydrometer and shall be in accordance with the developer supplier recommended concentration. 4.The concentration of immersion solutions shall be checked weekly with a refractometer. 4. about 3 inches x 10 inches and remove for drying and observation under a black light. 4.1 Removability less than that of the reference system is unacceptable and the emulsifier shall be replaced.800 angstrom units.Wet developers shall be checked daily for fluorescence.6 Wet Developer (Soluble and Suspended) . 5.0 Sensitivity .1 Failure of the wet developer to uniformly wet the panel or observed fluorescence is unacceptable. and coverage.6. as appropriate.2.1 A concentration greater than three percentage points from the initial reading shall result in the replacement of the emulsifier.The following checks on in-use developers shall be performed as specified.Concentration (Hydrophilic Emulsifier) . 4.4.2 Bulb Type .Dry developer shall be checked daily to ensure its fluffy and not caked.4 Developers .2 Emulsifier .7 Nonaqueous Wet Developer . Immerse a clean aluminum panel. Water content in Excess of 5 percent of the original unused emulsifier shall be replaced.6.200-3. 4. 6 .
Constant line voltage is required for consistent light performance.The black and/or white light meter shall be calibrated at intervals not exceeding one year.The black and white light meters shall be calibrated using a method traceable to the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). 5.11 Lamp Assembly .The lens shall be cleaned a maximum every 14 days. it shall be recalibrated before reuse. 5.10 Line Voltage .With a black light held by a fixture.Ensure that the bulb and filter combination provides an even light dispersal in the projected beam.If any white light is visible.7 Intensity .0 Dryers 7 . 6. the lens or casing shall be repaired or replaced.4 Lens Casing .000 mW/cm2.1 I f the black or white light meter is dropped. Damaged or dirty reflectors or filters shall be repaired ro replaced. 5.4. 5.3 Lens . 5.8 Dispersal .Allow the black light to warm up a minimum of 15 minutes before performing an inspection. 5.Lamp assemblies or components that do not meet the foregoing requirements shall be repaired ro replaced.13 Light Meter Calibration .12.Black light reflectors and filters shall be inspected daily for cleanliness and integrity.9 Daily Inspection . adjust its height to 15 inches from the face of the lens fixture to the sensor cell of the ultraviolet meter. 5. a constant voltage transformer shall be used.The lens and casing shall be inspected for leakage of visible white light due to damaged or defective masking. 5. 5.6 Lens Distance . 5. Where fluctuations exist.1 White Light Leakage . 5.The black light intensity shall be not less than 1. 5.12 Light Meter .5.5 Warm-up .
9.2 Penetrant Family .6. 6.0 Restrictions 7.Castings shall not be etched prior to penetrant inspection unless otherwise specified. 8 . 6.2 Shot Peening .The dryers used in automated systems may generate temperatures up to 200 degrees Fahrenheit.3 Thermostat Accuracy .1 Cleaning Methods . maximum.Approved penetrants and emulsifiers shall be used as a family group from one manufacturer.The surface temperature of the parts shall not exceed 160 degrees Fahrenheit at any time. including etching.2.1 Final Fabrication .2 Thermostat Accuracy .0 Cleaning 8.Penetrant inspection shall be performed after final fabrication of parts. selected for a particular part shall be consistent with the contaminants to be removed and shall not damage the part or its intended function.The thermostat shall be checked at intervals not exceeding six months. 6.1 Parts and materials to be inspected by fluorescent penetrant methods shall be free from contaminants and foreign materials which would mask defects or produce irrelevant or false indications.1 Dryer Type .1 Products from different manufacturers shall not be mixed.The thermostat shall be accurate within 10 percent of the operating temperature.4 Dryer Temperature . 6.Cleaning methods.3 Etching .0 Penetrant Inspection Process 9. 7.Parts which have been shot peened prior to penetrant inspection shall be rejected. 9. 8. 7.Dryers shall be the circulating air type and shall be provided with thermostatic controls that will maintain stable temperatures throughout the oven up to 160 degrees Fahrenheit. 9. 7.5 Part Temperature .
brushing. penetrant.The part.Welded components having openings where residual penetrant cannot be removed shall not be tank dipped or sprayed.11 Pooling . the penetrant shall be removed by the applicable method. 9. 9. rinsing shall be the minimum required to remove the emulsifier or penetrant from the surface of the part. or other methods which shall provide coverage as required. 9. 9.16 Rinsing .After the required emulsifier dwell time. The penetrant shall be applied by brush or swab. 9. 9. the component shall be cleaned and retested. 9. the entire surface of the part shall be covered with penetrant. 9 . 9.For spray removal of the penetrant or emulsifier. 9.The dwell time shall be a minimum of 10 minutes and a maximum of 2 hours.15 Penetrant Removal .6 Penetrant Coverage . emulsification shall be stopped by immersion or water spray. and ambient temperature shall all be in the range of 50-100 degrees Fahrenheit.13 Immersion .If the penetrant dries. 9.3 Developer Family .Unless otherwise specified.17 Spray Removal . 9.Those areas not to be covered with penetrant shall be masked.Parts shall not be left immersed in the penetrant tank for longer than one-half the dwell time. plugged or otherwise protected.10 Part Temperature .The part shall be rotated or otherwise positioned in order to prevent pooling of the penetrant during the dwell time.After the required penetrant dwell time. 9.Nonaqueous developers from a different manufacturer (family) can be used .9.7 Masking/Plugging .Penetrant shall be applied by spraying.9 Welded Components .14 Penetrant Drying . dipping.12 Penetrant Dwell Time .8 Penetrant Applications .
25. the concentration.9.21 Method C Removal .Clean and reprocess those parts with excessive background fluorescence. or spray.18 Excessive Fluorescence .25. 9.the water pre-rinse shall be applied by immersion.The remainder of the surface penetrant shall be removed with a solvent-dampened lint-free cloth or towel.21. but unless otherwise specified.Hydrophilic post emulsifiable penetrant shall be removed with a water pre-rinse application of the hydrophilic emulsifier followed with a post-rinse.24 Method D Process .Over-removal of the surface penetrant shall require the component to be cleaned and reprocessed. shall not exceed 2 minutes. the concentration shall not exceed 5 percent. The surface shall be dried by blotting with a lint-free.20 Method C Process . the emulsifier or part may be mildly agitated. foaming.3 Dwell time shall be the minimum required for adequate surface penetrant removal.25.2 For immersion applications. dry cloth or towel. flowing. 9. or by evaporation. lint-free.1 For immersion applications. 9.25. 9.23 Over-removal . dry cloth or absorbent toweling. 9.The component and cloth or toweling shall be observed under appropriate illumination to assure adequate removal of the surface penetrant.25 Method D Rinse . 9.1 The surface of the component shall not be flushed with solvent and the cloth or towel shall not be saturated with solvent.22 Method C Illumination . 9. 10 .Solvent removable penetrants are removed by first wiping the excess penetrant with a clean. 9. 9. shall be no higher than specified by the penetrant system supplier and shall not exceed that for which the system is qualified. 9.4 For spray applications. percent volume. 9.
2 The components shall be dried after the application of aqueous developers.28.9.29 Drying . Dry developer shall be applied in such a manner as to contact all surfaces to be inspected. 11 . 9.2 Drying time shall not exceed 30 minutes.27 Over-removal .30.29.Components shall be air dried at room temperature or in a drying oven. the part shall be cleaned and reprocessed.3 Components shall not be placed in the oven with pooled water.all parts shall be dried prior to the application of dry developer. or examination without developer.1 Excessive dry developer may be removed after the development time by light tapping or light air blow. 9. 9.1 Additional rinsing of the touch-up area will be required after application and dwell of the hydrophilic emulsifier. 9. whichever is less.Excessive background may be removed by additional (touch-up) application of the hydrophilic emulsifier provided its maximum allowable dwell time is not exceeded.28 Excessive Background .2 If the touch-up application of the hydrophilic emulsifier does not produce an acceptable background.30. 9.31 Dry Developers . 9. 9.29. 9. Manual systems shall require the use of appropriate illumination to assure adequate penetrant removal.30 Drying Parameters .26 Post-rinse .After the application and dwell of the hydrophilic emulsifier. 9.30.28.Evidence of over-removal shall require the part to be cleaned and reprocessed.31. 9. the component under test shall be rinsed with water.1 The components should be drained of excess water but not dried before the application of aqueous soluble or suspendable developer. 9. or that necessary to adequately dry the part. nonaqueous developer.1 Oven temperature shall not exceed 160 degrees Fahrenheit maximum or 200 degrees Fahrenheit for automated systems. 9.Components shall be dry before the dry developer is applied. 9.
the component shall be cleaned and reprocessed.34.4 Oven temperature shall not exceed 160 degrees Fahrenheit maximum or 200 degrees Fahrenheit maximum for automated systems. The aqueous developers shall be applied by spray.All inspectors using light sensitive lenses are restricted from performing inspections while wearing corrective lenses.3 The applied developer shall not be allowed to puddle and shall completely cover all surfaces of the part.1 Corrective Lens .9. or that necessary to adequately dry the part.1 Nonaqueous developer shall be applied by spraying with a uniform thin coating over the entire surface to be inspected. shall be dry before application of the nonaqueous developer. 9.0 Inspection 10. flowing or immersion.33 Nonaqueous Developers . 9.5 Drying time shall not exceed 30 minutes.34.34 Aqueous Developer . 9.Aqueous soluble developers shall not be used with Method A penetrants.33. 9. 9.33. 10.34. 9. 9.34. 10.33. The maximum developer time shall not exceed 1 hour. 9. whichever is less. 12 .2 Booth Inspection .34.Components.2 Aqueous developers may be applied to the component after rinsing.32 Development Time . or areas requiring examination.3 The minimum developer time shall be 10 minutes.Parts shall be inspected in a booth or darkened area where ambient and incident white light does not exceed two foot-candles. 9.Development time shall be between a minimum of 10 minutes and a maximum of 4 hours. 9.1 Aqueous suspendable developers can be used with Type I penetrants.2 If the developer coating thickness is too heavy such that the metallic surface is completely masked.
Inspectors shall accustom their eyes to darkness for not less than 3 minutes prior to evaluation parts.When conditions do not permit inspection immediately. 10. 11.4 Inspection Surface light Intensity .1 Certified Personnel .5 Black Light Intensity without Developer .5 Redevelopment Time . the original indication shall be considered false.Rounded indications include those obtained from voids (cavities) or porosity.3 Improper Cleaning . a maximum time of two hours may be allowed. provided the parts have been adequately protected from contamination and not exposed to direct sunlight. the black light intensity shall not be less than 3.Only appropriate.6 Final Inspection Limitations .When inspecting internal surfaces.4 Evaluation . 11.Redevelopment time shall be as long as the original development time.Rounded indications are rejectable when they exceed one or more of the following: 13 .10.All parts and raw stock free of penetrant indications shall be accepted. 11. If no indication reappears. 11. a minimum black light intensity of 500 mW/cm2 shall be maintained at the inspection surface. 11. 11.7 Rounded Indications Accept/Reject .Indications may be evaluated by wiping the indication with a solvent dampened swab. Rounded indications are circular or elliptical with there length less than three times there width.2 Raw Stock . 10.000 mW/cm2 at the test part surface. and redevelop.3 Dark Adaptation .6 Rounded Indications Defined .Material containing indications caused by faulty rinsing. 11. certified personnel can accept parts or raw stock as passing a penetrant inspection based on this procedure.When using approved Class 2 or 3 penetrants without developer.0 Accept/Reject Criteria 11. rough surface conditions or improper cleaning shall be retested and evaluated. 10. allowing the area to dry.
12. 14 .Parts shall be rejected for crack indications or other continuous linear.1 Installed Parts Inspection .1 Apply penetrant using a brush.A Type II dye penetrant inspection shall be substituted for fluorescent penetrant inspection when the inspection area cannot be darkened adequately for a fluorescent penetrant inspection. 11.The longest dimension is 1/16 inch or greater Six or more in line and any two separated by less than 1/16 inch.2 Method A (Water Washable) 12. or irregular indications where the length is greater than 1/16 inch.0 Inspecting Installed Parts 12.2.8 Cracks . Ten or more scattered (not in line) in any one square inch or surface. 12. Reapply as necessary to maintain a constant wet film on the surface.
5 Dry evaporation or wipe with a clean cloth.3 Apply cleaner/remover to a clean cloth and wipe the surface of the part. 188.8.131.52 Penetrant dwell time shall be a minimum of 10 minutes and a maximum of 2 hours. The maximum developer time shall not exceed 1 hour. 12.2.4 Spray a thin coat on nonaqueous developer.3. Reapply as necessary to maintain a constant wet film on the surface.3 Method C (Solvent Removable) 12. 12.7 The minimum developer time shall be 10 minutes.2. 12.8 Examine under black light in a darkened area.1 Apply Level 2 or 3 penetrant using a brush. The maximum developer time shall not exceed 1 hour. 12.6 The minimum developer time shall be 10 minutes.3.4 Use portable black light to determine if cleaning is complete.6 Spray a thin even coat of nonaqueous developer.2 Penetrant dwell time shall be a minimum of 10 minutes and a maximum of 1 hour.12.2.4 Inspect the surface with a black light to ensure complete removal of the penetrant.3. 12. 12. 12.3. .184.108.40.206. 12. 12.3 Remove surface penetrant by water wash or with clean dampened cloth. 12. 12.
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue reading from where you left off, or restart the preview.