MICROCONTROLLER BASED PATIENT MONITORING SYSTEM INTRODUCTION: In spite of the improvement of communication link and despite all progress

in advanced communication technologies, there are still very few functioning commercial wireless monitoring systems, which are most off-line, and there are still a number of issues to deal with. The project we developed will provide wireless monitoring of patient and informs the doctor and Care-taker immediately wirelessly when variation in health condition occurs. Parameters in his health Condition include body, room temperature, blood-level, respiration, heart-beat, emergency, help, and Blood- empty, call-timing. We used radio-waves as it does not require line-ofsight, pass through walls, ceilings, Buildings, obstacles etc Future-scope include can be used to detect pain in various part of body. OBJECTIVE& SCOPE: In this project our object is to develop a Patient Monitoring System that is capable to transmit the patient s heartbeat and temperature collected by microcontroller unit and display it on the LCD. This project is very useful for continuous monitoring of the patient s heartbeat this is a very useful product in hospital. WORKING PRINCIPLE: In our project "microcontroller based patient monitoring system using wireless technology". We measure basic parameters temperature, heart rate using sensors and this micro controller. The microcontroller is connected to the power supply and the value of these three parameters is transmitted wirelessly. In receiver side we have receiver connected to the controller and power supply. An RS232 cable is connected to the controller and pc. With the help of pc we can monitor we can monitor temperature and heart rate and these parameters transferred to doctor's cabin with the help of modem.

At the receiving end a receiver is used to receive the data and it is decoded and fed to Microcontroller. which is then displayed over the LCD display. BLOCK DIAGRAM: Light Source LDR Sensor LM358 AMPLIFIER Buzzer DRIVER CIRCUIT DIGITAL CKT Respiration Sensor LCD DISPLAY A2D CONVERTER Temprature sensor POWER SUPPLY Micro Controller . If there is a dangerous change in patient's status an alarm is also sounded.

000 Write/Erase Cycles 2. a single vehicle can use 70 or more microcontrollers.MICROCONTROLLER (AT89C2051): Compatible with MCS®-51Products 2K Bytes of Reprogrammable Flash Memory Endurance: 1. the AT89C2051 is a powerful microcomputer which provides . high-performance CMOS 8-bit microcomputer with 2K bytes of Flash programmable and erasable read-only memory (EPROM)." billions of microcontroller units (MCUs) are embedded each year in a myriad of products from toys to appliances to automobiles. The device is manufactured using Atmel s high-density nonvolatile memory technology and is compatible with the industry-standard MCS-51 instruction set. and we can do it by studying the internal hardware design (devices architecture). volatile memory for input and output (RAM). By combining a versatile 8-bit CPU with Flash on a monolithic chip. nonvolatile memory for the program (ROM or flash). and also to know about the size. 89C2051: The AT89C2051 is a low-voltage. A microcontroller is a single chip that contains the processor (the CPU).7V to 6V Operating Range Fully Static Operation: 0 Hz to 24 MHz Two-level Program Memory Lock 128 x 8-bit Internal RAM 15 Programmable I/O Lines Two 16-bit Timer/Counters Six Interrupt Sources Programmable Serial UART Channel Direct LED Drive Outputs On-chip Analog Comparator Low-power Idle and Power-down Modes Green (Pb/Halide-free) Packaging Option When we have to learn about a new computer we have to familiarize about the machine capability we are using. a clock and an I/O control unit also called a "computer on a chip. For example. The following picture describes a general block diagram of microcontroller. number and the size of the registers.

serial port and interrupt system to continue functioning. The Idle Mode stops the CPU while allowing the RAM. The power-down mode saves the RAM contents but freezes the oscillator disabling all other chip functions until the next hardware reset. The AT89C2051 provides the following standard features: 2K bytes of Flash. 15 I/O lines. the AT89C2051 is designed with static logic for operation down to zero frequency and supports two software selectable power saving modes. timer/counters. In addition. two 16-bit timer/counters. on-chip oscillator and clock circuitry. 128 bytes of RAM. a precision analog comparator. . a five vector two-level interrupt architecture.a highly-flexible and cost-effective solution to many embedded control applications. a full duplex serial port.

internally frequency compensated operational amplifiers which were designed specifically to operate from a single power supply over a wide range of voltages. high gain. Operation .OPERATION AMPLIFIER (LM 358): The LM158 series consists of two independent.

Application areas include transducer amplifiers. which now can be more easily implemented in single power supply systems. The LM358 and LM2904 are available in a chip sized package (8-Bump micro SMD) using National s micro SMD package technology. the LM158 series can be directly operated off of the standard +5V power supply voltage which is used in digital systems and will easily provide the required interface electronics without requiring the additional ±15V power supplies. dc gain blocks and all the conventional op amp circuits. Features: y y y y y Available in 8-Bump micro SMD chip sized package.5V to ±16V Very low supply current drain (500 A) essentially independent of supply voltage Low input offset voltage: 2 mV Input common-mode voltage range includes ground Differential input voltage range equal to the power supply voltage Large output voltage swing y y y y y . For example.from split power supplies is also possible and the low power supply current drain is independent of the magnitude of the power supply voltage. Internally frequency compensated for unity gain Large dc voltage gain: 100 dB Wide bandwidth (unity gain): 1 MHz (temperature compensated) Wide power supply range: ² Single supply: 3V to 32V ² or dual supplies: ±1.

. light passing through the first filter would be blocked by the second (crossed) polarizer. and two polarizing filters. It is often utilized in battery-powered electronic devices because it uses very small amounts of electric power. flat display device made up of any number of color or monochrome pixels arrayed in front of a light source or reflector.Voltage Controlled Oscillator (VCO): Connection Diagram: LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY (LCD): A liquid crystal display (LCD) is an electro-optical amplitude modulator realized as a thin. With no liquid crystal between the polarizing filters. Each pixel of an LCD typically consists of a layer of molecules aligned between two transparent electrodes. the axes of transmission of which are (in most of the cases) perpendicular to each other.

household appliances such as a microwave oven. The direction of the liquid crystal alignment is then defined by the direction of rubbing. or shows. a cloth. for example. Buzzer is a ceramic-based piezoelectric sounder like a Son alert which makes a high-pitched tone. This treatment typically consists of a thin polymer layer that is unidirectional rubbed using. It converts unregulated DC current into regulated DC current. POWER SUPPLY: REGULATOR IC (7805): It is a three pin IC used as a voltage regulator. typically used in automobiles. Electrodes are made of a transparent conductor called Indium Tin Oxide (ITO BUZZER: A buzzer or beeper is a signaling device.The surfaces of the electrodes that are in contact with the liquid crystal material are treated so as to align the liquid crystal molecules in a particular direction. . usually electronic.

In our project. This is a widely used configuration. Vout BRIDGE RECTIFIER: A bridge rectifier makes use of four diodes in a bridge arrangement to achieve full-wave rectification. there is a strong need for investigating the possibility of design and implementation of an interactive real-time wireless communication system. Vin 2. GND 3. both with individual diodes wired as shown and with single component bridges where the diode bridge is wired internally. The primary function of this system is to monitor the temperature and Heart Beat of the Patient and the Data collected by the sensors are sent to the Microcontroller. The Microcontroller transmits the data over the air. APPROACH TOWARDS PROJECT: Therefore. .Pin Description of 7805: 1. a generic real-time wireless communication system was designed and developed for short and long term remote patient-monitoring applying wireless protocol.

If there is a dangerous change in patient's status an alarm is also sounded. and there are still a number of issues to deal with. At the receiving end a receiver is used to receive the data and it is decoded and fed to Microcontroller. which we have applied practically. is: 1. which are most off-line. The greatest learning experience in this project comes from the design and construction of PC Based Appliance Controller which answer a lot of questions regarding the real implementation of embedded system. Use of voltage regulation and filtering in power supply. The Microcontroller transmits the data over the air. Relating determine relationship between inputs and outputs.In spite of the improvement of communication link and despite all progress in advanced communication technologies. During the development of our project we studied and analyzed many real world applications of Electronics and Software Engineering. In our project. Study of Microcontroller. The primary function of this system is to monitor the temperature and Heart Beat of the Patient and the Data collected by the sensors are sent to the Microcontroller. a generic real-time wireless communication system was designed and developed for short and long term remote patient-monitoring applying wireless protocol. 2. There is still very few functioning commercial Wireless Monitoring Systems. Prepare software requirements specification document Review requirements specifications and acceptance criteria Obtain customer sign-off for the requirements Components required in this project are as follows: . Study of LCD. and done background reading on technical/business concepts. Identifying inputs are sensor and outputs for our system speaker and lcd . 3. Therefore. Some of the theoretical knowledge that was inculcated in us within our engineering program. which is then displayed over the LCD display. LCD. familiarize with customer's methodology and tools to be used. Microcontroller. there is a strong need for investigating the possibility of design and implementation of an interactive real-time wireless communication system. Preparing requirements gathering information and analysis of system to be initialed.

7. 4. Encoder IC HT 12E. ADVANTAGES: 1. 3. The sensors are costly 2. The use of a microcontroller increases its scope of applications and modifications. Buzzer. 2. Resistors. 2. chemical plants. Monitoring save the life and protect the health and life can be saved. institutions. 3. 5. Diode (IN 4007). DISADVANTAGES: 1. 5. Operation Amplifier LM 358. The microcontroller can be reprogrammed if any modification is required. 8-bit Microcontroller (89c2051). 4.1. 4. etc. 3. Capacitors. at railway food stalls stations. The system can also be used in scientific laboratories. Saves human life Helps doctor and nurse Food automation in any industry to provide full proof security of food Home security system is also useful for household purposes. If power supply fails circuit won t work APPLICATIONS: 1. . 7. 6. It is highly accurate and precise and also very reliable. It helps in faster detection of input sensors It will reduce the extra consumption of electricity It is portable and hence can be placed anywhere. 2. Voltage regulator 78XX. 6. 16x2 LCD. 5.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful