# P1 Equation Practice

• • • Only six equations in P1 module (four really!) Substituting values into equations Rearranging equations

Specific Heat Capacity where = = Energy transferred (Joules, J) = Mass (kilograms, kg) = Specific heat capacity (Joules per kilogram, J/kg°C) = Temperature change (degrees Celsius, °C)

Efficiency where = × 100% e = Efficiency = Useful energy output (Joules, J) = Total energy input (Joules, J) where = × 100% e = Efficiency = Useful power output (Joules, J) = Total power input (Joules, J)

Energy and Power where = = Energy transferred (Joules, J) = Power (Watts, W) = Time (seconds, s) where = = Energy transferred (Kilowatt Hours, kWh) = Power (Kilowatts, kW) = Time (hours, h)

Wave Equation where = = Wave speed (metres per second, m/s) = Frequency (Hertz, Hz) = Wavelength (metres, m)

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P1 Equation Practice
Substituting Values into Equations
Example 1: What is the speed of a water wave with frequency 3Hz and wavelength 2m?

Example 2: What is the efficiency of an electric motor if 24J of electrical energy is put in every second, and 12J of kinetic energy is given out?

1) What is the speed of a water wave with frequency 7Hz and wavelength 0.2m?

2) What is the efficiency of a winch which gives 300J of gravitational potential energy to a mass if 500J of chemical energy must be put in to achieve this?

3) How much energy must be transferred to 0.1kg of water in order to change its temperature by 5°C, if the specific heat capacity of water is 4180 J/kg°C?

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P1 Equation Practice
4) How much energy is given out by a 100W heater in one minute?

Rearranging Equations
Example 3: Find power in terms of energy and time.

Example 4: Find the energy given out, in terms of efficiency and energy in.

5) Find wavelength in terms of wave speed and frequency.

6) Find time in terms of energy and power.

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P1 Equation Practice
7) Find the temperature change of ice, in terms of its mass, specific heat capacity and its energy change.

8) What do you need to know in order to calculate the frequency of a sound wave?

Combining: Rearranging then Substituting
Example 5: Find the specific heat capacity of iron, if 2kg of it gains 10°C when given 9000J of energy.

9) Find the specific heat capacity of Aluminium, if 10kg of it gains 3°C when given 27000J of energy.

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P1 Equation Practice
10) Find the temperature change of a 8kg piece of gold if it is given 1040J of energy and its specific heat capacity is 130 J/kg°C.

11) Find length of time that a 30W heater must be on to provide 3600J of thermal energy.

12) If a heater which is 80% efficient must put out 40 kJ of thermal energy, how much energy must be given to it?

13) What is the wavelength of a microwave which travels at 300 000 000 m/s, if it has a frequency of 5 000 000 000 Hz?

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