Week 1 Flash Cards Transcript
Term 1: Definition:
Network Collection of computers, printers, routers, switches, and other devices that can communicate with each other over some transmission medium.
Term 2: Definition:
Internet The network that combines enterprise networks, individual users, and ISP’s into a single global IP network.
Term 3: Definition:
Instant Messaging (IM) Real-time communication between two or more people through text. The text is conveyed through computers connected over a network such as the Internet. Files can also be transferred through the IM program to share files. A good example of an IM program is Microsoft Messenger.
Term 4: Definition:
Intranet A corporate system such as a website that is explicitly used by internal employees. Can be accessed internally or remotely.
Term 5: Definition:
Extranet Part of a company’s intranet that is extended to users outside the company (that is, normally over the Internet).
Term 6: Definition:
Wireless Technology Technology that allows communication without needing physical connectivity. Examples of wireless technology include cellular telephones, personal digital assistants (PDA), wireless access points, and wireless NICs.
a measurement of the speed of bits that can be transmitted over a particular link. Binary digits are units of information storage and communication in computing. Router A network device.
Term 8: Definition: Term 9: Definition:
Binary A numbering system characterized by 1s and 0s. or communications failures. typically connected to a range of LAN and WAN interfaces.
Term 11: Definition:
Packet When used generically. along with the network or Internet layer headers and any higher-layer headers.
Term 12: Definition:
Quality of Service (QoS) A control mechanism that can provide different priorities to different users or data flows. this term refers to end-user data along with networking headers and trailers that are transmitted through a network. that forwards packets based on their destination IP addresses.
Term 13: Definition:
Bandwidth In networking.
Term 10: Definition:
Fault Tolerance The design on networks that can continue to operate without interruption in the case of hardware. It is the amount of data that can be
. Each bit can be either a 0 or a 1. When used specifically. it is end-user data. or guarantee a certain level of performance to a data flow in accordance with requests from the application program.Definition:
Binary digits used in the binary numbering system. but no lower-layer headers or trailers. software.
whereas bridges traditionally have two ports. it is usually expressed in bits per second (bps). and makes a filtering or forwarding decision about the frame.transmitted in a certain amount of time. If it forwards.
Term 15: Definition:
Segmentation In TCP. For digital bandwidth.
. Switches typically have many physical ports. interprets the bits.
Term 17: Definition:
Switch In Ethernet. the process of taking a large chunk of data and breaking it into small-enough pieces to fit within a TCP segment without breaking any rules about the maximum amount of data allowed in a segment.
Term 16: Definition:
Multiplexing A process where multiple digital data streams are combined into one signal.
Term 18: Definition:
Host A network device that has an IPv4 address assigned to it to communicate over a network.
Any combination of hardware device and/or software application designed to protect network devices from outside network users and/or malicious applications and files. oftentimes RJ-45 jacks. it sends a regenerated signal. a Layer 2 device that receives an electrical signal in one port.
Local-Area Network (LAN) A network created for devices located in a limited geographic area.
Term 24: Definition:
Protocols Written specifications that define what tasks a service or device should perform.
Term 20: Definition:
Host Address IPv4 address of a network host.Definition:
A network device that accesses a service on another computer remotely by accessing the network. they are the network layer addresses. plus the rules and processes by which these messages are used to achieve some stated purpose. a MAC address.
. often in the form of headers.
Term 21: Definition: Term 22: Definition:
Physical Address A data link layer address.
Term 25: Definition:
Encapsulation The process by which a device adds networking headers and trailers to data from an application for the eventual transmission of the data onto a transmission medium.
Term 23: Definition:
Internet Service Provider (ISP) A company that helps create the Internet by providing connectivity to enterprises and individuals. for example. through which the company owning the LAN has the right to run cables. Each protocol defines messages. as well as interconnecting to other ISPs to create connectivity to all other ISPs. When talking about host addresses.
Term 28: Definition:
Frame The Layer 2 PDU that has been encoded by a data link layer protocol for digital transmission. like a parallel or USB port. With TCP and UDP. which is a physical connector in the switch into which a cable can be connected. a port is a software function that uniquely identifies a software process on a computer that uses TCP or UDP.
. With PCs. after it receives data over some transmission medium. Sometimes called de-encapsulation. examines the headers and trailers at each successive higher layer. Some different kinds of frames are Ethernet frames and PPP frames. port is simply another name for interface. routers. With Ethernet hub and switch hardware.
Term 27: Definition:
Segment A collision domain that is a section of a LAN that is bound by bridges. a port can be a physical connector on the PC. this term is used in several ways.Definition:
A process by which an end device.
Term 29: Definition:
Port In networking. or switches. eventually handing the data to the correct application.