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DRUG STUDY

Generic Name Therapeutic Action The recommended Paracetamol dosage of reduces fever and paracetamol relieves the in adults is two muscular pain 500mg tablets (i.e. characteristic of 1gm paracetamol) influenza. This is every four to six a nontoxic drug hours, not that has excellent exceeding gastric tolerance eight tablets and is increasingly (4gms) in accepted and used. any 24 hour period Phenylephrine (1). This dosage reduces may congestion, edema be continued for and secretions that several days. cause nasal obstruction, and provides a bronchodilatory effect without increasing cardiac rate. Carbetapentane fights against cough, and vitamins B1 and C aid in strengthening organic defense mechanisms. Dosage Classification Anti-pyretic Contraindication Contraindicated in patients hypersensitive to drug. Use cautiously in patients with long term alcohol use because therapeutic doses cause hepatotoxicity in these patients. Hematologic: hemolytic anemia, neutropenia, leucopenia, pancytopenia. Hepatic: Jaundice Metabolic: Hypoglycemia Skin: rash, urticaria Side Effect When taken at the recommended dose, side-effects of paracetamol are rare. Skin rashes, blood disorders and a swollen pancreas have occasionally happened in people taking the drug on a regular basis for a long time. A paracetamol overdose is particularly dangerous because the liver damage may not be obvious for four to six days after the drug has been taken. Even if someone who has taken a paracetamol overdose seems fine and doesn't have any symptoms, it's essential that they are taken to hospital urgently. An overdose of paracetamol can be fatal. Nursing Responsibility Use liquid form for children and patients who have difficulty swallowing. In children, dont exceed five doses in 24 hours. Advise patient that drug is only for short term use and to consult the physician if giving to children for longer than 5 days or adults for longer than 10 days. Warn patient that high doses or unsupervised long term use can cause liver damage.

Paracetamol

DRUG STUDY

Drug Study: Pedialyte


Generic Name Dosage Mix one pack with 8oz of water and drink. <1 yr old not recommended > 1 yr old: Give every 1 4 hrs:; intake: 32 64 oz/day Therapeutic Action Advocated for the treatment of dehydration but there is limited evidence to support their use. Indication To supplement fluid and electrolyte loss due to vomiting and diarrhea Adverse Reaction As sole therapy in severe continuing of diarrhea. Intractable vomiting. Adynamic ileus. Intestinal obstruction, anuria, oliguria, or impaired homeostatic mechanism. Nursing Consideration Assess allergic reactions Monitor I & O ratio Note for the drug, dosage, time, route, client Note the side effects of the drugs

Pedialyte