Single jersey fabric : 1. Both side different appearance. 2. Face is “v” shape and back is semicircle. 3.

This is light weight fabric. 4. Has tendency to curling. 5. Width wise extensibility. Double jersey fabric / interlock : 1. Both side same. 2. No edge curling. 3. Both side used needle. 4. Elasticity is poor 5. Unraveled in the end portion. Rib : 1. Both side same. 2. No edge curling 3. Both side used needle. 4. Elasticity is very good. 5. End use on collar, cuff of T-shirt, polo shirt, sweater. Drop needle : 1. This is design fabric. 2. To produce this type of fabric needles should be dropped. 3. This is medium weight fabric. 4. If it is single jersey than it has curling tendency If it is double jersey than it has no cyrling tendency 5. It is used as body fabric for decorative purposes. Pique :

m/c have two sets of needles . in top. Produced fabric is called rib fabric 4. Fabric surface contains honey – comb design 3. m/c have one set of needles 2. 5. Commonly used to produced polo shirt 4. Fabric surface contains honey.comb design . Face and back side different appearance Single jersey m/c : 1. produced fabrics in different appearance 4. This is medium weight fabric 5. This is single jersey design fabric 2. Commonly used to produce polo shirt 4. This is medium weight fabric. Double jersey m/c : 1. 18 gauge most common in rib m/c 3. Staggered position of needles 5. sinkers used. most common 24 gauge but 28 gauge also available 6. Face and back side different appearance Lacoste : 1. 3. No sinker used. so called sinker top m/c 5. not light not heavy.1. m/c have two sets of needles 2. m/c is generally used to make body fabric Rib m/c : 1. needles are arranged in cylinder vertically 3. This is s/j design fabric 2.

coloration & finishing . Needles are placed in cylinder 3. 16-30 4.Second make the fabric suitable by scouring.A method of producing apparels . 22 gauge ios most common 3.Fourth patterns are placed on fabric .Fifth marking and cutting . 12-60 inch 5. laying up the fabric . No sinker used 4.intermeshing those loops together form fabric Cut & sew knitwear : . Producing a wide range of fabric structures 6.A process of fabric manufacture -converting yarns into loop form . Needle beds are arranged in circular cylinder 2.2.Sixth apparel assembling by sewing . Produced fabric is called interlock / double jersey fabric 5. A variety of m/c diameters . Their chief limitations being that of shaping Knitting : . A variety of m/c gauges . bleaching.Made into garment named cut & sew knitwear .First long length fabric is produced in tube form in circular knitting m/c . Needles are face to face position Circular m/c : 1.Third.

Lowest r.Measured usually as wpc or wpi  Gauge : -gauge means no of needles per inch.m is 60 times.p.m of m/c is 10 and highest r.P.P.P. -  Course: .Measured usually as cpc or cpi  Wales : -A column of loops along the length of the fabric .m : R..Summary : to make a garment. of courses per cm in a knit fabric is called cpc. .M depends on m/c dia and yarn strength.A row of loops across the width of the fabric.p. R.M means REVOLUTION PER MINUTE. Cpc : CPC means course per cm. the no. the gauge range iof different knit fabric is given below – Single jersey -24 gauge Rib – 18 gauge Interlock – 22 gauge R. cutting and sewing must necessary.generally gauge range is 16-30 . .

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