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B.T.P.MADHAV* et al.


ISSN: 22503676
Volume - 2, Issue - 1, 30 33

B.T.P.Madhav1, VGKM Pisipati1, K.V.L.Bhavani1, Dara.Harish2, B.Rajasekhar Reddy2, P.Ravikishore2

LCRC-R&D, Department of ECE, K L University, Guntur Dt., AP, India Project Students, Department of ECE, K L University, Guntur Dt., AP, India

In this paper we designed a frequency dependant antenna for S and L band frequency applications. We have designed a microstrip antenna with a rectangular shaped patch element loaded with T-Strips along two of its radiating edges for triple frequency operation. The design of this antenna is being simulated in ANSOFT HFSS software. The antenna is fed with a coaxial feed. The patch element is being placed on modern Epson substrate with relative permittivity 4.2. We obtained high performance characteristics and very good return loss values for the three operational frequencies of the designed antenna.

Index Terms: Modern Epson substrate, T-Strip, Slot ----------------------------------------------------------------------***-----------------------------------------------------------------------1. INTRODUCTION

Due to their light weight, low profile, and low cost, microstrip patch antenna have been used in many applications such as radar and communication systems for many decades. Recently the triple frequency operations on a single layer structure also became popular owing to its apparent advantages [1-4]. In this paper, we introduced a T-Strip loaded microstrip patch antenna which is similar to slot loaded type with minor structural modifications. Our structure consists of a rectangular patch loaded by two T strips and connected them to the radiating edges [5-8]. From theoretical point of view the T- strip loaded microstrip patch antenna seems to be alternate way to obtain similar properties which are with slot loaded micro strip patch antenna. The change in dielectric constant of the substrate will affect the performance characteristics of the antenna and its dimensions also [9-10]. We have to design a compact antenna irrespective of changes in the dielectric constant of the material is possible with slot models. Width of the T-Strip Spacing between the Patch and T-Strip Relative permittivity of the Substrate Thickness of the Substrate W w r t 3mm 1mm 4.2 0.7mm

Table (1) Antenna Dimensions


The design parameters of the rectangular microstrip patch antenna are: Length of the Rectangular Patch Width of the Rectangular Patch Length of the T-Strip A B L 40mm 44mm 40mm Figure (1) T-Strip Slot Antenna

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ISSN: 22503676
Volume - 2, Issue - 1, 30 33


Figure (3) Input Impedance Smith Chart

Ansoft Corporation Name X

10.00 m1
m2 30.0000 8.0000

Y 6.5074 5.3255


Curve Info dB(GainTotal) Setup1 : LastAdaptive dB(GainTotal)_1 Setup1 : LastAdaptive



Figure (2) Return Loss Vs Frequency


A good antenna might have a value of -10dB as 90% of the signal is absorbed and 10% is reflected back. The proposed antenna is giving the excellent return loss curve in the specified frequency range. The curve has deep and wide dips at frequencies 1.6, 2.1and 2.5 GHz. The return loss obtained at these frequencies is -21.65, -16.43, -16.90 dB respectively. Maximum power transfer can be achieved if the impedance of the antenna is matched with the load, which involves complex conjugate of the load impedance. In Microstrip slot antennas the impedance matching is difficult to achieve. By applying proper mechanism and careful design this problem can be solved. The input impedance smith chart for the proposed antenna is presented in the figure (3). A bandwidth of 0.87% is achieved from the current design. The phase margin of 62.54 and gain crossover of 1.16 dB is obtained from the smith chart result.







-30.00 -200.00




0.00 Theta [deg]





Figure (4) 2D gain plot All real antennas will radiate more in some directions than in others, therefore gain is the amount of power that can achieve in one direction at the expense of power lost in the others. Gain is the one of the important parameter with respect to its performance of an antenna. The gain is always related to the main lobe and from figure (4) it is showing 6.5dBi. The 3D field distribution plots give the relationship between the co-polarization (desired) and cross-polarization (undesired) components. Moreover it gives a clear picture as to the nature of polarization of the fields propagating through the patch antenna. Figure (5) and (6) shows the E-Field and HField distribution of the T-Strip antenna. Figure (7) shows the mesh pattern of the antenna. The triangular Jones indicating the current distribution and it is observed that the current

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B.T.P.MADHAV* et al. [IJESAT] INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING SCIENCE & ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY distribution is closer at patch. The current distribution indicates the radiation of the antenna around the patch.

ISSN: 22503676
Volume - 2, Issue - 1, 30 33

A Triple band T-Strip Slot antenna is designed and simulated. The main theme behind the design of this antenna is to reduce the size of the antenna, which can be used in the mobile communication. The results are giving moral encouragement to design multi mode antennas with lower dimensions in our future work. The results got in this paper are excellently suits for mobile communication applications in all aspects except the gain parameter. Further gain enhancement can be done with some dimensional changes and proper impedance matching.

The authors like to express their thanks to the management and department of ECE, K L University for their support and encouragement during this work. Further, VGKM Pisipati acknowledges the financial support of Department of Science and Technology through the grant No.SR/S2/CMP-0071/2008.

Figure (5) E-Field Distribution

[1] E. Wang, J. Zheng, Y. Liu ''A novel dual-band patch antenna for WLAN communication" Progress in Electromagnetic Research C, Vol. 6, 93-102, 2009. [2] Thomas, K.G. Sreenivasan, M. "A simple dual-band microstrip-fed Printed antenna for WLAN applications" Microwaves, Antennas & Propagation, IET,June 2009. [3] S. Cumhur BAS ARAN, Yunus E. ERDEML ''Dual-band split-ring antenna design for WLAN applications'' Turk J Elec Engin, VOL.16, NO.1 2008 . Figure (5) E-Field Distribution [4] Jan,K. Y. and K. L. Wong,Single-feed dual-frequency circular microstrip antenna with an open-ring slot, Microwave Optical Technology Letters,Vol. 22,157 160,August 1999. [5] Costantine,J.,K. Y. Kabalan,A. El Hajj,and M. Rammal,New multi-band microstrip antenna design for wireless communica- tions, IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine,Vol. 48,No. 6, 181186,December 2007. [6] R. Garg, P. Bhartia, I J. Bahl and A. Ittipiboon, Micro strip Antenna Design Handbook, Artech House, 2001. [7] K. L. Wong, Compact and Broadband Micro strip Antennas, Wiley, 2002. Figure (7) Current Distribution [8] G. Kumar and K. P. Ray, Broadband Micro strip Antennas, Artech, House, Boston, 2003.

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B.T.P.MADHAV* et al. [IJESAT] INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING SCIENCE & ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY [9] J. S. Roy and M. Thomas, Design of a circularly polarized microstrip antenna for WLAN, Progress In Electromagnetic Research, PIER M, vol. 3, pp. 79 90, 2008. [10] J. S. Roy, M. Thomas and J. Ghosh, Miniaturized broadband circularly polarized microstrip antenna for WLAN, International Journal of Microwave and Optical Technology, vol.3, no.4, September, 2008, pp. 467-473.

ISSN: 22503676
Volume - 2, Issue - 1, 30 33

Journal paper and five national conference papers. Her research interests include antennas and wireless communications.

B.T.P.Madhav was born in India, A.P, in 1981. He received the B.Sc, M.Sc, MBA, M.Tech degrees from Nagarjuna University, A.P, India in 2001, 2003, 2007, and 2009 respectively. From 2003-2007 he worked as lecturer and from 2007 to till date he is working as Assistant Professor in Electronics Engineering. Presently he is pursuing his P.hD in the field of Antennas from K L University. He has published more than 65 papers in International and National journals. His research interests include antennas, liquid crystals applications and wireless communications. Prof. VGKM Pisipati was born in India, A.P, in 1944. He received his B.Sc, M.Sc and PhD degrees from Andhra University. Since 1975 he has been with physics department at Acharya Nagarjuna University as Professor, Head, R&D Director. He guided 22 PhDs and more than 20 M.Phils. His area of research includes liquid crystals, nanotechnology and liquid crystals applications. He visited so many countries and he is having more than 310 International research publications. He served different positions as academician and successfully completed different projects sponsored by different government and non-government bodies. He is having 5 patents to his credit. K.V.L.Bhavani was born in India. A.P., in 1985.She received the B.Tech, M.Tech degrees from A.N.U.,A.P.,India in 2006,2009 respectively. She is pursuing her PhD in Microstrip Patch Antennas from K L University. From 2006 to till date she is working as Assistant professor in ECE branch K.L.University. She published Five International, one national

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