Sikolohiyang Pilipino (Filipino psychology) refers to the psychology born out of the experience, thought and orientation of the

Filipinos, based on the full use of Filipino culture and language. The approach is one of indigenization from within whereby the theoretical framework and methodology emerge from the experiences of the people from the indigenous culture. It is based on assessing historical and sociocultural realities, understanding the local language, unraveling Filipino characteristics, and explaining them through the eyes of the native Filipino. Among the outcomes are: a body of knowledge including indigenous concepts, development of indigenous research methods and indigenous personality testing, new directions in teaching psychology, and an active participation in organisations among Filipino psychologists and social scientists, both in the Philippines and overseas.

Filipino psychology
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. Please improve this article by introducing more precise citations. (November 2011) Filipino psychology, or Sikolohiyang Pilipino, in Filipino, is defined as the psychology rooted on the experience, ideas, and cultural orientation of the Filipinos. It is regulated by the Pambansang Samahan sa Sikolohiyang Pilipino, (National Organization of Filipino Psychology), in English, which was established in 1975 by Virgilio Enriquez, regarded by many as the Father of Filipino Psychology.

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1 Basic orientation and context 2 Four traditions 3 Basic tenets o 3.1 Core value or Kapwa o 3.2 Pivotal interpersonal value o 3.3 Linking socio-personal value o 3.4 Accommodative surface values o 3.5 Confrontative surface values o 3.6 Societal values 4 Approaches and methods 5 Psychopathology 6 Psycho-medicine 7 Organizations 8 See also 9 References

a historian. y y Ibang Tao ("outsider") There are five domains in this construct: o Pakikitungo: civility o Pakikisalamuha: act of mixing o Pakikilahok: act of joining o Pakikibagay: conformity o Pakikisama: being united with the group. there is an ongoing debate on the make-up of Philippine culture. Ibang Tao (other people) and Hindi Ibang Tao (not other people). This refers to the indigenous concepts that are studied using indigenous psychological orientation and methodologies. identified four traditions upon which Philippine psychology is rooted: y y y y Academic Scientific Psychology or Akademiko-siyentipikal na Sikolohiya: Western Tradition: This follows the tradition of Wilhelm Wundt in 1876 and is essentially the American-oriented Western psychology being studied in the Philippines. Ethnic Psychology or Taal na Sikolohiya: This is the tradition on which Philippine psychology is primarily based. the placement.BS. However. [edit] Basic tenets [edit] Core value or Kapwa Kapwa. meaning 'togetherness'. determined primarily on culture. Academic Philosophic Psychology or Akademiko-pilosopiya na Sikolohiya: Western Tradition: This was started by priest-professors at the University of Santo Tomas. because this will generally determine whether Philippine Psychology is to be placed under the realms of either Asian psychology or Western psychology. but there is a steadily growing body that attempts to place the field as Eurasian. Psychology UNO-R. Psycho-medical Religious Psychology or Sikolohiyang Siko-medikal: The tradition that fuses native healing techniques and explains it in an indigenous religious context. Marquiño. The vast majority of Philippine psychologists seem to prefer to classify this field as Asian.y 10 External links [edit] Basic orientation and context Filipino psychology is usually thought of as a branch of Asian psychology. is the core construct of Filipino Psychology. Kapwa has two categories. Hindi Ibang Tao ("one-of-us") There are three domains in this construct: .By Noeco C. This tradition is mainly focused on what is called 'Rational psychology'. [edit] Four traditions Zeus Salazar (1985).

This refers to being able to help other people in dire need due to a perception of being together as a part of one Filipino humanity. as a basic tool to guide his dealings with other people. o Puri: the external aspect of dignity. May refer to how a person judges his own worth. hence the term bahala na. o Dangal: the internal aspect of dignity. in which. Pakikisama and Pakikipagkapwa: Smooth Interpersonal Relationship. Pakikibaka: Literally in English. This attitude is primarily guided by conformity with the majority. it means concurrent clashes. It refers to the ability of the Filipino to undertake revolutions and uprisings against a common enemy. as coined by Lynch (1961 and 1973). let God take care of the rest'. which actually came from the phrase bathalan na. [edit] Confrontative surface values y y y Bahala Na: This attitude. loosely translated into English as 'fatalistic passiveness'. Hiya is actually 'sense of propriety'. actually describes the Filipino way of life. he is determined to do his best. Filipinos use damdam. this actually refers to what other people see in a person and how they use that information to make a stand or judge about his/her worth. [edit] Societal values y y Karangalan: Loosely translated to dignity. . or SIR. [edit] Linking socio-personal value y Kagandahang-Loob: Shared humanity. this actually refers to equity in giving rewards to a person. or the inner perception of others' emotions. May refer to how other people judge a person of his/her worth.o o o Pakikipagpalagayang-loob: act of mutual trust Pakikisangkot: act of joining others Pakikipagkaisa: being one with others [edit] Pivotal interpersonal value y Pakiramdam: Shared inner perceptions. Filipinos are expected by their neighbors to return favors-²whether these were asked for or not²-when it is needed or wanted. [edit] Accommodative surface values y y y Hiya: Loosely translated as 'shame' by most Western psychologists. Lakas ng Loob: This attitude is characterized by being courageous in the midst of problems and uncertainties. Utang na Loob: Norm of reciprocity. meaning 'I will do all my best. Katarungan: Loosely translated to justice.

The term damdam literally means 'inner perception of emotions'. more aptly called 'Austronesian Mood Disorder'. The researcher is introduced to a natural cluster by a tulay (bridge). or a mixture of feelings as well as circumstances. literally means 'to go in'. called kalahok. the researcher uses 'groping'. Pakikiramdam: In this approach. Several 'mental' disorders have been identified that can be found only in the Philippines or in other nations with which Filipinos share racial connections. Pagtatanung-tanong: In this method.y Kalayaan: Freedom and mobility. In this method. to justify his intrusion into the life of his/her participants or kalahok. The term dalaw literally means 'visit'. The term tuloy. the researcher occasionally visits the house of his host or tulay. The word tanong literally means 'question'. is the study of abnormal psychology in the Filipino context. or pamamaraan. the researcher undergoes a kind of questioning session with his kalahok or participants. [edit] Approaches and methods Approaches. Some of the many approaches and methods used in Filipino Psychology are: y y y y y y Pakikipagkuwentuhan: In this method. and not as individuals . Ironically. or sikopatolohiya in Filipino. the subjects. however. per se. 'lead questions' (those questions which directly refer to the topic being studied) are not supposed to be asked. in which a person suddenly loses control of himself and goes into a killing frenzy. who is a part of the umpukan and is a well-respected man in the community. in Filipino Psychology are different from that of Western Psychology. literally means 'to tell a story'. from the Spanish word cuento. or participants. after . an umpukan. are considered as equal in status to the researcher. Panunuluyan: In this method. the researcher uses entirely his/her own feelings or emotions to justify if his participants or kalahok are ready to be part of his research or not. is required to serve as the participants. [edit] Psychopathology Filipino psychopathology. Pakapa-kapa: In this approach. while the kalahok or participants are the one who are to talk. Examples of such are: y Amok: Malayan mood disorder.hence. the researcher stays in the home of his kalahok or participant while he conducts the research with consent by the host family. or lapit. Pagdadalaw-dalaw: In this method. this may clash with the less important value of pakikisama or pakikibagay (conformity). whose head serves as the tulay to an umpukan. The term kwento. or natural cluster. which is the root word of the term panunuluyan. the researcher engages in a story-telling with an umpukan. The participants are included in the research as a group. The researcher merely serves as the facilitator. instead the questions to be asked are supposed to have been derived from the kalahok's answers themselves. In Filipino Psychology. The term kapa literally means 'to grope in the dark'. as opposed to staying in the house. from Spanish psicopatologia. and methods.

Filipino psychopathology also refers to the different manifestations of mental disorders in Filipino people. as well as to the native pagan priestesses like the babaylan or katalonan. Gabâ or gabaa: The Cebuano concept of negative Karma. and falls into a coma and ultimately to death. is the application of basic psychology to native healing practices loosely considered as 'medicine'. no such medical ties have been proven. na-kulam. As it cools. Bangungot: A relatively common occurrence in which a person suddenly loses control of his respiration and digestion. The water in the vehicle is then used to anoint the ailing part or parts of the body to counteract the evil forces or illness. often one of several indigenous forces: dwarfs. which are for the most part. Lihi: An intense craving for something or someone during pregnancy. abnormality of the child may result. preferably into the setting sun. This syndrome has been repeatedly linked to Thailand's Brugada syndrome and to the ingestion of rice. These practices are closely tied to the faith healers. Kulam: Hex or bewitchment. devils or other evil spirits (na-nuno. he has absolutely no memory of the event. removed when it starts to crack. less violent. then transferred to a small receptacle of water. Apparently derived from the Spanish tradition of Mal de Ojo. Usog: A concept that explains how a baby who has been greeted by a stranger acquires a mysterious illness. The tawas is used to 'cross' (sign of the cross) the forehead and other suspicious or ailing parts of the body as prayers are being whispered (bulong or oracion).y which he/she hallucinates and falls into a trance. After he/she wakes up. its softened form spreads on the water surface and assumes a shape that may suggest the cause of the illness. The person is believed to dream of falling into a deep abyss at the onset of his death. Derived from Latin American traditions. especially rheumatism. One example of such is the manifestation of depression and schizophrenia in Filipinos. who were suppressed by the Spaniards during their colonization of the Philippines. na-demonyo). Pagtatawas: A method of diagnosing illness wherein alum (called tawas) is ritualistically used by the albularyo or medicine man for diagnosis of a variety of health conditions. Examples of such practices include: y y y y y y y y Hilot: The use of massage to aid a pregnant mother in the delivery of her child. Faith healers or manghihilot testify that if the craving is not satisfied. Susto: Soul-flight. [edit] Psycho-medicine See also: Philippine Mythology Filipino psychomedicine. Pasma: A concept that explains how init (heat) and lamig (cold) together can result in illness. The tawas is then discarded and thrown westward. or sikomedikal na sikolohiya in Filipino. However. . It is then placed on glowing embers.

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