Greg Merrill

Sub-topics Synthesis

4-26-10

Prohibition Details and Repeal
y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y Period of United States history when the government made the selling, manufacturing, and transportation of alcohol illegal President Woodrow Wilson vetoed the Prohibition but the government passed it with majority vote Was active from 1920-1933 and is referred to as the Noble Experiment In 1919 the 19th amendment of the Constitution was ratified and it went into effect on January 16, 1920 Temperance movements pushed to ban alcohol and they are the ones who gave the government the idea of prohibition Temperance movements are an organized effort to encourage moderation in the consumption of intoxicating liquors or press complete abstinence and it started in 1870 Frances Willard began the Women s Christian Temperance Union which was made up of mainly women with children that have had a bad experience with men and alcohol The Volstead Act enforced the 18th amendment or defined it It was named after Andrew Volstead Made the transport, sale, barter, trade, manufacture, delivery, processing, and possessing of alcohol illegal Any beverage with .5 volume in alcohol was considered Liquor for non-beverage purposes and wine for sacramental purposes were allowed along with medical purposes Permits allowed you to have alcohol and were only issued for one year Permits were issued to only physicians licensed to practice medicine Any Rabbi, Priest, or Minister could have a permit as well The 18th amendment was repealed by the 22nd amendment in 1933 because it caused violence, lawlessness, gangsters, and depression among Americans Many people celebrated the repeal, but they were still in very hard times leading to the Great Depression

How it affected Americans
y y y The Prohibition was one of the biggest acts of the government in U.S history The law wasn t even remotely followed during this time period More than half of Americans disagreed with the 18th amendment and were outraged

political figures. and many other people working for him Capone s nickname was Al Scarface Capone because he was ruthless Other famous gangsters in the 1920 s were Lucky Luciano. he was seen killing one of his enemies at a bar by shooting him at point blank in the face He was never convicted because he would threaten the witnesses and he had people in politics to bail him out Big Bill Thompson was the mayor of Chicago after 1927 and was one of Capone s men Capone had cops. buy. drove in limos. they dressed flashy. Bugs Moran. It created bootleggers. and Dutch Schultz . and many gangs and gangsters Gangsters/Al Capone y y y y y y y y y y y y y Gangsters profited greatly off of the Prohibition Alcohol was hard to come by until the gangsters made their selves available They were mainly around large cities like Chicago and New York City The famous gangsters were constantly in the news. and people wanted to be them Most famous gangster of his time was Al Capone He took over Johnny Torrio s business when he retired Capone was a great business man but was known for losing his temper Although the only crime he was convicted of was tax evasion. and Battery increased 13% When the Prohibition was in effect even the average American broke the law regularly Even President Warren G. They wanted to scare the citizens out of drinking alcohol This didn t work because the gangsters bought the high grade alcohol and had their own chemists to make sure the alcohol they were drinking and selling was safe The Prohibition made gangsters realize that they could profit off alcohol and drugs. Harding s cabinet members(The Ohio Gang) would sell. and distribute alcohol without him knowing The government even killed people trying to prevent them from breaking the law They would hire chemists to poison the alcohol and whoever drank it would get very sick and even die. had their own body guards. Assault.Greg Merrill Sub-topics Synthesis 4-26-10 y y y y y y y y y y y y y Many people stood outside the white house and protested regularly in the early 1920 s During the 1920 s many crime rates soared dramatically and jails were over populated Arrest for Prohibition violations increased 102% Arrests for Drunkenness increased 41% Drunken Drivers increased 81% Federal Prison population increased 366% Homicides. organized crime.

gin. Bootlegging y y y y y y y y y y Speakeasies were underground bars where citizens went to consume alcohol The government used undercover cops to try to catch speakeasies. Oregon. Germany. it was also smuggled through unpatrolled stretches of land Alcohol was smuggled by air by organized gang bootleggers who needed big shipments daily Bootlegging is the making of alcohol that is illegal Many tourists even smuggled alcohol for their own purposes in many different ways . whiskey. and France sent their shipments to the Atlantic Coast More liquor was imported from Canada than any other country Smuggled across the Great Lakes because they had easy access to major cities. and champagne into the United States to sell to gangsters or citizens California. and Washington State received shipments daily Scotland. Rum-running. vodka. scotch. but the gangsters always ended up bribing the cops Rum-running was when foreigners smuggled rum.Greg Merrill Sub-topics Synthesis 4-26-10 Speakeasies.

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