VASTU SHASTRA FACTORS | THE EIGHT CARDINAL DIRECTIONS
WHAT ARE THE EIGHT CARDINAL DIRECTIONS ACCORDING TO VASTU SHASTRA? According to Vastu Shastra, the entire universe exists in endless space and has no direction whatsoever. However, on Earth our directions are defined with respect to the Sun and there are eight cardinal directions. They are: East (poorva): It is common knowledge that the Sun rises in the East.
people perform different activities in different rooms at different times and the Sun·s position keeps changing with respect to the ¶cardinal directions·. is also significant since it combines the forces emanating from both the directions. even if they are inside the house the whole day. the eight ¶cardinal directions· were taken into account in the design of buildings. North-East (Eeshanya): This is where the North and East meet. along with the theSun. South-West (Nairuthya): This is where the South and the West meet.West (Paschima): The Sun sets in the West. the direction to the left is the North. each
. The main aim of Vastu Shastra is to ensure that the inmates of a house are inadvertently exposed to the useful rays of sunlight. Since the directions are defined with respect to the Sun. The corner where two Cardinal directions meet. North (Uttara): When one faces the East. Since the Vastu pundits knew of the importance of sunlight to humans. So to ensure that the inmates get exposed to sunlight constantly. North-West (Vaayavya): This is where the North and the West meet. the direction to the right is called the South. the ¶cardinal directions· are also an important Vastu factor. South (Dakshina): When one faces the East.
WHY ARE THE ´EIGHT CARDINAL DIRECTIONSµ AN IMPORTANT VASTU SHASTRA FACTOR? The Sun sustains life and is very important to living things. But during a day. South-East (Aagneya): This is where the South and the East meet. In Vastu Shastra it is believed that the right dispositon of the rooms of the house with respect to the eight cardinal directions has a direct positive influence on the residents.
WHAT IS THE IDEAL LAYOUT OF A HOUSE WITH RESPECT TO THE CARDINAL DIRECTIONS? Vastu Shastra prescribes a plan called the Vastu Purusha Mandala. the Kitchen (where cooking is the main activity) is positioned in the South-East direction and Agni. For example.
. ACCORDING TO VASTU SHASTRA. in which each room (depending on it·s function) is located in a specific cardinal direction and to make it easy to remember.room should be positioned in a specific cardinal direction so that it faces the Sun at the time of the day when it is most likely to be used by them. Vastu assigns symbolic gods (who have certain inherent qualities) to each of the eight cardinal directions. the god of fire is assigned to this direction.
Since the rising Sun represents the essence of all beginnings. Since Vaastu is a science.
NORTH-EAST (Eeshanya). the Water source (in ancient times an open well) can be located here. because of the available open space and the Sun·s germicidal UV rays. Surya is the ideal
direction for Main doors and windows. so that you can decide what you want to follow and what you don·t. every guideline is based on logic and reasoning. this is t he right direction for the Puja/meditation room. meditation or prayer. Bathrooms: The Logic. this is the ideal position for Bathrooms.Water source and Puja Room/meditation room:The Logic ² Just before dawn.The rising Sun is in the East between 6am and 7.
AST (Purva) ruled by the Sun god. Lots of openings in the East will ensure that the UV rays of the morning sunlight can engulf the interior of the house and destroy the bacteria that would have multiplied during the night. between 3am and 6am. the direction of the supreme being is suitable for open space. Since the North-East corner gets constant sunlight (through the year) from the North and morning sunlight from the East.Here. the Sun is in the North-Eastern part of the house and as these hours are ideal for yoga.
. In addition. As an Architect. I have attempted to explain these guidelines rationally and scientifically. it is preferrable to have lots of open space to allow unobstructed sunlight into the house. having the main door here is a sign of veneration to the Sun.30am and as this is the right time for bathing etc. I have explained the ¶eight cardinal directions· with the preferred rooms and the symbolic gods that rule these directions.
Hence.The Sun is in the South-West section of the house between noon and 3pm and this period is called Vishranti (resting period). the god of fire is best for the Kitchen: The Logic-The Sun is in the South-East from 7. Store rooms: The Logic ² The Sun is in the South between 9am and noon and is the right time to do work. wardrobes. the South-West tends to get heated up by the sunlight reflected from the West and so it is advisable to have a library or wardrobes on the West wall of the room to reduce the heat. the intensity of the heat is high and so the South is also ideal for store rooms which need to be moisture proof. SOUTH (Dakshina).
Pitru.30am to 9am and as this is the best time for preparing and cooking food. the direction of Yama is suitable for Office. library : The Logic . Since the owner sleeps here it also makes sense to have his safe here.
bedrooms. The germicidal UV rays of the Sun will keep the kitchen counter free from germs that spoil the food. Therefore this is the best direction for an office and Childrens bedrooms. this is the best position for the Master bedroom.
ancestors is suitable for Master bedroom. the Kitchen can be located here.SOUTH-EAST (Aagneya) the direction of Agni. By noon. However. safe.
Bathrooms. Toilets. The North-West too gets heated up by the evening Sun. Also.
. So. the Childrens Bedrooms and study room can be located here. Therefore. garages: The Logic The Sun (though not visible) is in the North-West after 6pm and this is the time to eat.
Vaayu is right for the Dining room. the less used rooms like Toilets. they will remain dry and hygienic due to the heat. Varuna is the best direction for Childrens· bedrooms. less used rooms like Toilets.Trees: The Logic ² The Sun is in the West between 3pm and 6pm and since this is the ideal time for children to study. Toilets. Store rooms.Childrens bedrooms. garage can be placed here as they will serve as buffers and prevent the rest of the house from getting heated up.WEST (Paschima) governed by the water God. relax and go to bed. So this is the best position for a dining room and bedroom. study
ORTH-WEST (Vaayavya) the direction of the wind God. The West gets heated up more than the other directions beacuse of the hot afternoon Sun and the re-reflection of it·s infra red rays from the ground. Bathrooms and Store rooms can be placed here as they will serve as a buffer and prevent the rest of the house from getting heated up.
the fixed point in the sky that denotes stability and security. so that the light is not obstructed and can permeate into the House. in Vastu Shastra. Hence it makes sense to have open spaces in the North. Similarly.NORTH (Uttara) ruled by the god of wealth. can be on this side as it is close to the main door and is convenient for business transactions. The Living room too. The Logic ² In India. (being in the northern hemisphere near the equator). there is constant light form the North. Read about another important Vastu Shastra Factor that affects us and our buildings. Hence. since the outsiders will be entertained here. namely:
spaces: The North is the direction of the Pole
star. through the year. this is the direction to transact all business. the Main entrance door can be here as it can be easily accessed from the open spaces. Kubera is the ideal direction forLiving
room. This post was about the Eight Cardinal directions and their effects on living beings.