New York

State Colleges

OF Agriculture and Home Economics


Cornell University

GN 68.W87

Cornell University Library

Giants and dwarfs,

3 1924 014 117 505

Cornell University Library


original of



is in

Cornell University Library.

There are no known copyright

restrictions in

the United States on the use of the








f nUisIjtr in
[The right of translation (md reproduction


fer glajtstg.





The Author

gratefully acknowledges his indebted-

ness to his esteemed friend

John Bullock,

Esq., of

Sevenoaks, for the generous loan of his valuable collection of old

and scarce

handbills, advertisements,

and engravings relating

to giants

and dwarfs, by the

use of which materials the Author has added
the interest and importance of this book.





tenders his best thanks to Dr.

Robert Bigsby,


learned historian of Repton
to T. 0.


to Dr.


T. Iliff,


Noble, Esq.,



useful hints and


upon the subject-matter of this work.

The Author knows that some portions of this book
display inconsequence and (Ssconnection

but from

the nature of the work, treating as
different persons,


does of so


could hardly be otherwise.



occasionally have to complain of a proparticularly

of detail,

where he has given

copies of the handbills and advertisements of his pro-

this volume more useful as a work feels The Author is very much like a showman who some if opening a caravan full of wonders. considered that these pro- fessional puifs. and they should sometimes weary the continuous reader. they may perhaps make of reference. digies. . He has. are curiosities in their way. which have been collected by much if industry. not all of which he hopes may interest each one of the enlightened public who may honour him by " walking up. 1867." December.IV PKEFACE. however.

b . Noah. Eicon de Vallemont— SioUy Giants— Giants Bees— Giant's Field Canute and Malcolm— Giant of — Theutobochus — Isoret — Gigantic Bones in Aldermanbury — Giant Guanche —^Austrian Giant — Giant's Tooth — Skeleton found at Crete Gabbaras. and Moses —Abel's Grave —Man's Stature before the Flood— Early British Legends — Satan — Heathen Mythology and Giants— The Titans —The Gigantes — Antseus — Ephialtes and Otus— Perseus —Tityus— Polyphemus—Homer describes him— Stature of Heathen Heroes — Giants on Etruscan Potteiy — Colossal Architecture — Camao — Egypt — Thebes — Athens— Saxon Idol. a Giant Jew— Giant Woman — Pallas— The Skeleton of Polyphemus— Skeletons in Sicily —in Thessalonica —FossU Tooth found at TJtica — Skeleton in Bohemia— MaundeTestimony of Giants — Valence Giants — Eouen Giant. i CHAPTEE Huge Caesar II. Irminsula — Odin— Easter Island— Canton— East-Indian Caves — Imaginations of the Gigantic . Giant of Claudius Mummies in the SallusPosio and SecundiUa Egyptian Sarcophagus Large Skeleton tian Gardens — — ville's vrith St. — — found during the Cretan War— Emperor Maximus — Emperors Jovianus and Charlemagne— Ferragus —^notherus — Huge Skeletons found on the Orontes and in Mount Sigea —Antonius — Giant Child of Euthymenes — Large Bodies found — Hartebenunf — Na3vius PoUio — Eleazar. . king of Bashan — Marvellous Stories about bim — Battles witb Giants —Analdm — Goliatb — Poetically described — Saul — The Statures of Adam. —Bible Giants— NepMllm—the Giant Sons FAGB of God — Eephaim — Og. CHAPTEE Cum grano sails I. Abraham. Eve.CONTENTS. . .

Height of Stature — Comparisons—Early Germans— Changes in Mankind— Peruvian Giants — Patagonians Voyages to Patagonia — Magellan — Pigafetta— Sir . the Giant of Antwerp — Padua Giants — Valencia Giants — Types of Municipal Power— Giants at Dunkirk and Douai — Giant at Kenilworth Castle — at Woodford — Giants in Folk-lore and Fiction — Jack the Giant-killer — Teutonic Giants — Thor — Skrimmer — Hindti Legends — Woglog —Vishnu — Indian Giants — King Arthur — Giant of Mount Michael— Cornish Giants— Giants of Trecrobben — Ghosts of Giants— Holiburn of the Cairn — Tom and the Giant Blunderbuss — Bolster— Giant of Goran — Wrath — Jack the Tinkeard — Irish Giants—Fingall— Trick on a Scotch Giant— Legend of Giant Women— Grana— Rock of the St. PAGE —Thigh-bones of Giants—Gigantic Bones found in England — Gangick Giants— Bones at Lucerne — in Staffordshire — ia Macedonia — Bucart — Large Bones in Essex —Large Teeth in New England — Skeleton in Calabria — John — Giant's Oak— Bones in Derby shire — in Herefordshire — at Hythe— at Ripen — at Eussun — Giants' — Bones Mineral Productions Bones examined —^Ancient British Eemains —-Stonehenge— Giants' Dance —Merlin—Giant's Grave at Penrith—Legends of— Giant's Thumb —Long Meg and her Daughters— Giant's Grave in Dorsetshire — in Lancashire —in Yorkshire— in Northumberland — in Leicestershire — Grave — The Devil of Mount Sorrel — Giant's Grave in L-eland — on the Bosphorus — Giant's Chamber — Giant's — Macmahon — Giant's Cave in Wiltshire — near Penrith — Maiden's Step — Torquin — Giant's Chair — Giant's Cave in Cornwall — Sugar and Water Sunday— Giant's Causeways — Pen-y-Gair — Giant in Dorsetshire — Long Man of Wilmington— Gogmagog's HiUs — Devil's Works . Candle 48 CHAPTER Human First IV. . CHAPTER Civic Giants III.21 Little critically Bell's Stairs .— VI CONTENTS. — CorinEeus and Gogmagog—Legend of—Giant's Leap — Giants in London Pageants — Gog and Magog in Guildhall— Midsummer Shows and Giants — Chester Giants — Giants in the Low Countries—Antigon.

Tarrubia— Vll — — PAGE Spanish Travellers Byron Wallis Carteret Patagonian Skeleton and Archbishop of Lima Captain Bourne ThePatagoniansof this day described Ladrone Islands Chiloe Giant Angling — — — — — — — — — 69 CHAPTER Benlli the Giant V. . Miller. Francis Drake Sir Thomas Cavendish Turner—Van Noort— Dutch Travellers—French Ti-avellers. the Cornish Giant — Giant Girl — Jacob Damman — Several Giants — Giant —his golden vest King of Norway mentioned by Physicians and Travellers . CHAPTER Vn. High German Woman German Performer Bones at St. Irish . —RoUo or Eolf the Ganger — Guy Earl of Warwick— Colbrand— Relics of Guy at Warwick Castle—Funnam Nicholas Kieten — Ireland and Giants— Sir Richard Herbert— Giant of Bordeaux— Giant Fleming — Hans Braw Aymon—Baron Benteurieder—Trick by Dwarf on Giant —Long Meg of Westminster— Huge Armour in Tower Philargyrie— Giants and Dwarf in the Tower— Giants in May-games — Flemish Giant — Queen Elizabeth's Giant Porter— Middleton. presented to Maximilian Giant Skeleton at Rep ton— King Askew— James Hanson — Giantess—the Painted Prince— Hugh Hird— Baron 105 Burford— Giant's Bone — Giants domestic Recreations and Dwarfs together sees I. . — Tall Youth — Welsh Giant — High —Tall Black— Giant Fisherman—Large Alban's— Giants at Court of Electors of Bran- . the child of Hale — Giant Piedmontese — Tartar Giant—Dutchmen of strange statures— Shakespeare and Giants—Asoapart— Antony Payne. Porter to James — Whim of Empress of Austria Bodily Differences between Giants and Dwarfs — Oliver Giant Dutchman Cromwell's Giant Porter— Pepys a Giant Woman— Thomas John Tates— Pepys German Giant— Munster. II. .— CONTENTS.82 CHAPTER VL Walter Parsons. —^William Evans — Giants sees Birtles. II. Duke Cheshire Giant— John Frederic's Giant — Edmund Malone — Charles and Giant — Bartholomew Fair — Giant Turk — Huge Os Frontis — Giant Polander.

.128 Patrick Cotter. or O'Brien — Advertisements — Endeavours to obtain his ^his Body —Lawsuit relating to his lost Money CHAPTER VIIL . . Bank Clerk . the Lifeguardsman — Epitaph on a Tall Soldier — Roger Byrne. the British Giant — German Giant — Italian Giantess — Giant Boy— Giant at Rouen—at Paris—Large Bregma—Daniel Cajanus— Gigantic Boy of Willingham— Young Colossus —New Wells — Tall Saxon Woman with Dwarf — Living Colossus — Tall Woman — Giant Youth at Southwark Fair — Italian Giant — Giant's Bones found — Cornelius MacGrath — Bishop Berkeley said to have produced a Giant by feeding—James Macdonald— Charles Byrne. the Russian Giant —Large bones at Vienna—Loush— Spanish Giant— Shaw. or O'Brien his Barber to a Showman described by Cotter and Dwarf advertised described as a Descendant of King Brien Boreau Infant Giants Gigantic Twin Brothers Cotter at Sadler's Wells Theatre his Advertisements his Marriage ^his Effect on a Hackney-coaclmian The Man Mountain Cotter with a Dwarf in his Pocket compared with a Scotchman Letter written by Cotter Feat of Gallantry critically described by a Surgeon Nocturnal Walks -frightens a Highwayman Cotter's Watch Death and Burial ^his ^let — — Irish Giant — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — ^ — — — Portraits— Irish Giants— A manufactured Irish Giant Large Skeletons found in CornContracts with Giants wall at Ewelm at Charterhouse Tall Children at — — — — York— Edward Bamford— Huge Thigh-bones— Tall Man in Clerkenwell — Female Giant from Anspock — Swedish Giants — Herefordshire Colossus — Gigantic Boys — Lovelace Love — Swiss Giant— Giant and Fairy— John Ashley Large Skeleton in Ireland — Elizabeth Fairman — Peruvian Giant— The G«ntle Giantess of Oxford—James Toller William Bradley 166 CHAPTER Jenkins. kin. PAGE — King of Prussia's Giant Guards — Propagation of Giants — Giant Begiment in Russia — Tall Essex Woman — Bartholomew Fair — Strong Saxon Giant Thomas Fisher — Giant's Hand — Henry Blacker. the tall IX.— — VUl denburgh CONTENTS.

the French Giant — Swiss Giantess — Peter Tuchan — Giants at Bartholomew Fair—Manchester Gigantic Boy — Somersetshire Giantess — American Giantess — Cromach — Long Lawyer — Huge Skeleton —-Giantess at Bees — Giant at Petersburg— Susannah Boyd— Giants at Bartholomew Fair— Giant at Parma— Giant at Adelphi Theatre — Lapland Giantess— Freeman.—Dwarf land—Domestic Dwarfs —Duke of Earl Marshal of Engof Mantua's Dwarfs— Pro- . and Brazil — Pigmies— Burying-plaoes of Dwarfs— Small Skeletons Lilliputian Coffins— Short Nations — Bushmen —-Madagascar Dwarfs — The Kimos — Bordeu and La Chappe see Pigmies J. the Giant—Mrs. the French Giant — Gigantic men seen by him— Polish Giantess — Corporal Moflfatt — Barnum's Giants — Giant City — Chinese Giants — Chang — British Giant — Tall Italian — Giant Policeman — Tall Prizefighter— Story of Giant and Dwarf— Proverb — SunIrisli Giant jit St. H. dry Giants 198 CHAPTER Bible Dwarfs X. IX FAQE son— Phelim O'Tool— Skeleton Bell. the American Giant — Giant and Dwarf at Olympic Theatre — Murphy. the Irish Giant Sir W. Japan. the Norfolk Giant — Huge CofBn — Louis.— — CONTENTS.—King Christian's Dwarf —Dwarf of Charles IX. Cooke — DeTonshire Giant — Grimaldi and Giants — Robert Hales. Don— French Giant— Patrick Glynn— Giant's Skeleton—Joseph Brice. — Big Sam. Prince of Wales's Porter—TennyOld Ford— Thomas the Cambridge Giant— Joseph Scoles—Wild Giantess — Lincolnshire Giantess—Albert. —The ville's Isle Dwarfs 23^ CHAPTER XL Egyptian Dwarfs Dwarf Amulets Emperor Augustus and Dwarfs —Romans kept Dwarfs — Lucius— Conopas—Andromeda — Sisyphus— Gladiatorial Dwarfs —Naked Dwarfs —Fancy Dwarf—Dwarfs in royal retinues— Spanish Court Dwarfs— Dwarf of Charles — V. —their Battles with the Cranes — Fairy Dwarfs — Legendary Dwarfs — Vishnu — Dwarf Figures — Dwarf's Chambers — Tom Thumb — Dwarfs of MandeTeutonic Romance—-Dwarfs in Pageants — Sir Accounts of Dwarfs—Nations of Pigmies-^Purchas of writes of Dwarfs in Iceland.

. Souvray Kitip — Marc Catozze — Corsican Fairy— Eobert and Judith Skinner — Little Polander — Man in a Bottle Signer Jumpedo — Geneva Dwarf — her Feats — Welsh Dwarf—Hopkins Hopkins—Friesland Dwarf— Little WiU —Bertholde—Dwarf Prime Minister— Cornelius Caton — his life K ng i of Poland's Dwarf life ^the . . 253 CHAPTEE Matthew Buohinger — his Writings — wonderful Feats — his Wives — his Elegy and Epitaph — Oxfordshire Dwarf Wonder of Nature Short Jannettie and Tall Jacob Hannah Warton John Wormbergh Medals for Dwarfs Changeling Child Dwarf at Bartholomew Fair Anne Eouse Scotch Dwarf German Dwarf Hannah Wood Fairy Women Dwarf who never chewed Bread Salisbury Dwarf Persian Dwarf his strong Feats Dwarf Man... present at his Marriage with Anne Gibson Shepherd Waller's Poem on the Marriage Advertisement for Gibson's Descendants his Jeffrey Hudson Life Sir Christopher Wren Sir Isaac Newton's small- — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — ness— How to make Dwarfs — . Woman. pagation of Dwarfs Dwarf of ArcMuke Ferdinand African King's Dwarfs Dwarfs at Eussian Court Eus- — PAGE Dwarfs Hamburg Dwarfs Dram-drinking and Philetas Maximus Dwarfs Byron describes Dwarfs Calvus Characus Croesus and TuUius Alypius Dwarf in parrot's cage TJIadislaus Bacon thorpe Jervis The Molones Decker French Dwarf in cage Dutch Dwarf Shakespeare and Dwarfs Queen Elizabeth's gift to a Dwarf John de Bstrix Zoilus Eichard sian — — — — — — — Charles I.. and Horse Letter to the Spectator Black Prince Peter the Great and Dwarfs — The Short Club and the Tall Club — Owen Farrel John Coau Verses repeated by him to Eoyal Family Danish Dwarf Plymouth Dwarf Epigram on a Dwarf Dwarf Greenlander Dwarf Family at Nuremberg Dwarf from Prance Dutch Dwarf John Grimes his Feats Court Dwarf — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — William Butler — — —Dwarf's posture while sleeping CHAPTEE XIIL — — — — . 287 Joseph Boruwlaski — Eemble and Dwarf — B6bg — his — Mdlle. XII.— — CONTENTS..

Hay. King of the Beggars CHAPTER Xrv. George Troui^-sells his body.330 Thomas Cartwright— Dwarf at Paris— Shropshire Dwarf Rogers— Thomas Carter— Peter Bono— William Boram— Sir Jeffrey Sir Dunstan— Mayors of Garratt— Harry Dima—Thomas Allen—Lady Morgan. . —Dwarf Marriage—Dwarf Eomondo—Lifege Dwarf—Dwarf Priest —Dwarf Marriage . Kelly. George bassy xi FAO£ at Russian —Andi-ew Whiston. Dwarf M. the Irish Fairy—Normandy Dwarf — Ann Clowes — Whitelamh — Miss Pinmont Akeueil.P. Dwarf Walpole — — Bartholomew Fair Lydia Bagdad Thomas Day Musical Dwarf at Drury-lane Theatre Dwarf at Tiverton Boardman Somersetshire Fairy Tom Crib and Dwarf Ettrick Shepherd describes Dwarf Dwarf and Pig-faced Lady Mexican Dwarf Miniature John Bull General Tom Thumb Haydon. the Painter Commodore Nutt and Minnie Warren Dwarfs at Bartholomew Fair Miss at Cardiff —Little — Dwarfs Old at Woman of — — — — — — Shaw Farnham Dawson Miss Williams Don Dwarf Marriage Miss Hipkins Aboo Zadek — — — — — — — — — — — — — — Santos 403 —Infant Dwarf—Dye—John Miller CHAPTER SVI. Em- .Indian Dwarf— Little Unknown Dwarf at Olympic Theatre What is it? Highland Dwarfs— Don Francisco Hidalgo— Marquis of — — — .— CONTENTS. the Windsor FairyAmusing Letter from her—Woman in Miniature — The Great Contrast— Mrs. German Dwarf— Simon Paap —Wybrand Lolkes —Peter Davies— Calvin Philips—Aged Polish Dwarf in Russia — Bums and Dwarfs — The Town Steeple — The Black Dwarf— David Ritchie. .— La Grandeur—Norfolk Fairy—Yorkshire Little Man— Jenny— Portuguese Dwarf— Peter Dauntlow — Dwarf in Norfolk — Dwarf Mother— Crutohy Jack — John Hauptman — Nannette Stocker — Paris Dwarf — Miss Smith Leach — his Feats— Elizabeth Ralph — Dwarf Stone — Captain Starkey — Yorkshire married Dwarf — Caroline Crachami—her Body stolen and sold dale Little 364 CHAPTER XV.

.— XU Lilliput CONTENTS. . Giant Statues at Bamian Giants' Graves Giants' Beds Giant of Trendle Hill Hindii Legend Scandinavian Giants Tall Zealander Tall Woman Sutherland German Giant Giant Duke of Saxony The Child of Hale Great George Miller the Giant Irish Giants Walking in Stilts Wiltshire Giant— Prussian Guards Tall Essex Woman Great Man of Waes Giant Girl Italian Giant — — — — — —Tall Youth —MacGrath—Byrne — Cotter—Man Mountain—Tall Women— Bamford and Lord Mountford —plays the Dragon — Giant Soldier —Long Tom —Aerostatic Giant — Giants in the Clouds—Giant Girl— Chiloott — — . . ' PAGS 424 APPENDIX. — — — — — — — — — — — — 447 . — the Cluricaune — Jan Hannema — Dwarf Giantess— Fairy Queen— Black French Dwarf — The Aztecs —Edwin Calvert— Garibaldi and Dwarf—Lilliputian King — Chung Mow^Che Ma Che Sang—Dwarf at Milan Dwarf Marriage— Dwarf Traveller — Colonel Chaffin Dwarf Preacher— Eccentric Dwarf in Paris — Dwarf Husband — Stories about short people — Dwarfs' Money — Sundry Dwarfs .

Irminsula Odin Easter Island Canton East-Indian Caves Imaginations of the Gigantic. Therefore. and Moses ^Abel's Grave Man's Stature before the Flood Early British Legends Satan Heathen Mythology and Giants The Titans Antseus The Gigantes Ephialtes and Otus Perseus Tityus Polyphemus Homer describes him Stature of Heathen Heroes Giants on Etruscan Pottery Colossal Architecture Carnac Egypt Thebes Athens Saxon Idol. of a dwarf must be taken cum grano is A giant is nothing if he be not very tail . and a dwarf nothing he be not very short.GIANTOLOGY AND DWARFIANA. king of Bashau Marvellous Stories about him Battles with Giants Anakim Goliath Poetically described Saul The Statures of Adam. exag- geration of height. Abraham. • tWI - CHAPTEE Omn God I. We. — grano salis— Bible Giants— Nephilim—the Giant Sons of Eephaim Og. who have relative to the read up our Giant- ology and Dwarfiana. Noah. a grain of which he may take with advantage after reading each one of the following pages. have found that almost every allegation made if height of a giant or salis. — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — AVe recommend the reader of this book at once to lay in a store of salt. Eve. and an endeavour to obtain the B .

and others. that they were not much. both ancient in the early and the later writings of nearly every country literature of its which has a extraordinary accounts of these monsters. common to all hence we find own some nations. eagerly receiving for truth every apocryphal story human elevation. And its in the matter of giants dwarfs the credulity of wonder-loving marvelusual superabundance. 2 GIANTOLOGY AND DWAEFIANA. Commencing with the Bible. we may stature nevertheless may have gone beyond the believe that men of amazing and proportionate strength did . assisted orJy jecture. or below be. repute of being far beyond the the maximum. Although Oriental exaggerations facts. by con- and common sense.. mongers has exhibited about the liberality. philology. minimum. some of whom con- tend that the individuals referred to were in fact of stupendous height. book but many references to men of enormous stature these allusions have led to theories numerous disputes and among Bible expositors. matter philosophy cannot In this much the inquirer he must grope his way towards the truth of the dark passages of Eastern history. of stature. above the common assist stature. and perpetuating it with Giants are and modem . we find in that . as the case may seem to have been at all times the weaknesses of those persons whose abnormal altitude has distinguished them from and their fellows. if anything. but were giants only in daring wickedness.

under the name of Nephilim. Milton. According to the spurious book of Enoch. by whom were respectively by the beauty of the they had demoniacal sons three thousand cubits high. upon the question who were "the sons of God. and they bare children to them. and after that. monsters named Leuixas. which were of old. 4. mingling with the daughters of men. produced a race of violent and powerful Gibborim. the sons of God. as follows " There also were giants in the earth in those days. al- though they were generally represented Opinions. vary to be such. some Hebraists conceiving them to have been men of power. in his Paradise Regained. 3 their and awaken the wonder and dread of contemporaries. who were not necessarily giants in our sense of the word. however." the parents of these people. and have invented various distorted legends respecting them. of these Azael. indulged in the wildest fancies about these children of the Creator. exist. The Easterns themselves have. and others.: BIBLB GlAlfTS. in the early times mentioned in the Bible. and Schemchozai. the same became mighty men. Such men are first written of in Genesis : vi. men with great gifts. certain angels sent by God to guard the earth were seduced fi-om their allegiance terrestrial women. makes Satan say to Belial . when the sons of God came in unto the daughters of men. Some Aza. Machsael." After the time when these mar- vellous Nephilim came upon the earth. men of renown.

given to Abraham (Genesis ii. other tribes. a peo- . which . roaming the earth. sprang from the The next race of giants mentioned and being. who. we are told. Suras and Asuras. first postdiluvian mon- Eephaim. and they afterwards rative. Li Deuteronomy 10. Hindu traditions. a people great. Cast wanton eyes on the daughters of men. However. and according gods. and begot a race.4: GIANTOLOSY AND DWAEFIANA. in re- ference to the wilderness of Moab. that " the Emims and were dwelt therein in times past. and tail. of whom the earliest record made in Grenesis xiv. as the Anakims . a land of giants giants dwelt therein in old time call and the Ammonites them Zamzummims . moreover. also accounted giants. Afterwards they were. many. with xv." And in verses also 20 and 21 it said that the land of Amraon " : was accounted . existed only in imaginative nar- The stories of the commingling of these heaven-born rebels with the women of the earth have a close mythological affinity to the Greek legends about the oiFspring deities having by mortal women. 5. " Before the Flood thou with thy lusty crew. are the is in the Bible." Palse-titled sons of God. the Deluge purged the world of these fallen angels and their monstrous children. the sters. to also to the Indian notions of the solar and lunar races of men. where we are told that kings defeated them Chedorlaomer and some at Ashteroth allied Karnaim. as the Anakims called is but the Moabites them Emims. And coupled with them. 11. 20).

and them out. . it Although Og's bedstead was nine height. that dwelt at Ashtaroth remnant of the at Edrei. 5 and many. said to have . and four it. that half a yard . 4 : " And and : the coast of Og king of Bashan. his bedstead was a bedstead of it not in Eabbath of the children of Am- mon ? nine cubits was the length thereof. For instance. pie great. The race fact that this is mighty ruler was the in last of his again recorded Joshua xii. OG KING OF BASHAN. remained of the remnant of giants iron is behold." The cubit of a man is the space from the tip of the is finger to the elbow. therefore is probable that Og was and idle about nine feet high. as the Anakims . and dwelt in their stead. verse 12 " All the in Ashtaroth kingdom of Og in Bashan. and tall. He he is has.." cubits long. cubits the breadth of after the cubit of a man." And again." "For only Og . in the next chapter. who remained of the rem: nant of the giants cast for these did Moses smite. therefore Og's bedstead was thirteen feet and a half long. ki ng of^ Bashan . which reigned and in Edrei. which was of the giants.. because a bedstead does not foUowTHat he was thirteen feet and a half in is usually about one-third it longer than the sleeper . 11) to have been the only remnant of them: succeeded them. furnished materials for numerous Eastern legends fables. but the Lord destroyed them before them and they Thus it would seem that these giants were entirely dispersed and Og king of Bashan is said (Deuteronomy iii. however.

Og's ankle must have high .6 GIANTOLOGT AND DWAEFIANA. leaped ten cubits in height. Moses. 35. so that he this feet and was slain. they still fought against the Hebrews. where. The to giants. having roasted at the sun a freshly-caught Jonathan Ben Uzziel. in conjunction with the Phihstines. represent that he was several miles in height his thigh-bone is said to and have been twelve leagues long. at the same time his teeth in all directions. struck fell. and put . but even this statement surpassed by some others in the Targum. Og on the ankle-bone. and he credited with fish. which bored a hole mountain over his head. we read: . ihie escaped the ark. one of the authors of the Tar- gums. but word of the in the Lord prepared a worm. who was himself ten cubits high. he went and tore up a mountain six miles at its base. Og thus entangled. defeated in the east of Palestine. so that it fell down upon grew out it his shoulders. seeing long. wading only knee-deep beside to and have Hved three thousand years. 15-22. took an axe ten cubits and having. 36 " Og having observed that the camp of the IsraeHtes : extended six miles. Flood by." According to been forty-five is aeeount. so that he could not cast off his head. which . seem have afterwards dwelt in the west. it on his head and carit ried it towards the camp that he might throw the on the camp and destroy them. One of his bones is reputed to have long served for is a bridge over a river. says in Targum on Numbers xxi. In 2 Samuel xxi.

the son of Jaare- oregim. Jonathan the son of Shimeah. which was of the sons of the giant. the son of Zeruiah. And there was yet a and on every . he being girded with a new sword. These four were the brother of David. Sebbechai. And there was again a battle in Gob with the Philistines. battle in Gath. and the names of some of the other persons and places mentioned are For example. that had on every hand to the giant. where Elhanan. where was six a man of great stature. and spelt differently. foot six toes. But Abishai. thought to have slain David. fingers. Saph in Samuel become Gezer. slew him. the weight of whose spear weighed three hundred shekels of brass in weight. battle with the Philistines at Gob: then Sebbechai the Hushathite slew Saph. . and him. Gob. And Ishbi-henob. to the giant in Gath.BATTLES WITH GIANTS. tte Philistines had yet war again with his servants with : and David went down." by the hand of The same above are recorded in 1 Chronicles xx. and fell David. slew the brother of Goliath the Gittite. and killed it him that there And was again a came to pass after this. a Bethlehemite. Sibbechai. in almost the same words but the name of Goliath's brother is given as Lahmi. and fought against the Philistines and David waxed faint. 7 " Moreover Israel . succoured him. which was of the sons of the giant. 4-8. and by the hand facts as the of his servants. and smote the Philistine. the staff of whose spear was like a weaver's beam. fom'-and-twenty in number and he also was born And when he born defied Israel. and Sippai .

2 : "A people great and whom say. and xxi. the sons of : Anak. and so xiii. And there we saw the giants. onomy ix. bearing the names of Ahiman. who upon return related that aU the people the land were " whom they saw in men of a great stature. They were. The name of Anak is conindi- and not that of an They were divided into three tribes. Sheshai. the descendants of Anak.) The names of these giants became pro- verbial with the Israelites. and they were variously de- scribed as the sons of Anak. however. 11 . and Talmai respectively. and only a smaU remnant found refuge in Gaza. Their stature appears to have much alarmed their the spies sent by Moses into Canaan . sidered to be that of a race vidual. . in Chronicles." (Numbers 32. as we learn from Deutertall. and after this time they appear to have died out of Biblical narrative. 33. and dwelt at Hebron. 13. and Ashdod. were the descendants of Arba. Their chief city by Joshua became the possession of Caleb. The Rephaim giants probably posJerusalem sessed lands west of the river Jordan in early times. which come of as grass- the giants and we were in our own sight hoppers. and the sons of Anakim. and of whom thou hast heard children of dispersed Who can stand before the utterly Anak ?" . called The race of giants Anakim. so named from their stature or their strength. Gath.8 GIANTOLOGY AND DWARFIANA. thou knowest. according to Joshua XV. inasmuch derived as a fertile valley south-west of its name from them.* the children of the Anakims. we were in their sight.

gives his height as four cubits and a span. volcanic eruptions. Goliath. about two hundred and eight pounds . dynastic was Gialout. the champion whom David slew. " and . the 9 of the Philistines. Is of the sons of Anak's giant race : . and some others. xvii. Ishbi-benob. old giant chiefs in her sacred drama the makes Abner describe monstrous warrior as follows " This man of war. the staff of his spear was like a weaver's his spear's beam and head weighed six hundred shekels of iron. to this story various marvellous exit is aggerations cies. According the to Ahmed Fassi.: GOLIATH. would make him about eleven feet five inches high. however. which. assuming the cubit to be the cubit of a man. and describes him as a truly enormous man. this champion of Philistia. Groliath." that is about twenty-five pounds. of David and name of Hannah More. was in height. In the last- named that is chapter of Samuel we are told that Goliath's coat of mail weighed five thousand shekels of brass. famous giant of Gath. which attached gigantic influences me- teors. according to 1 Samuel would make him nine feet nine inches high . to have stature. Oriental imagina- tion has added . 4. Josephus. six cubits and a span. and probably to these Eastern fanto rocks. that we may trace nearly Bible. all the records of giants contained in the We and take Og. and if a cubit of twenty-one inches. and tempests. been exceptional instances of huge as such more particularly described by al the Hebrew the historians. Goliath.

XJnparallerd in Israel. Golialii is his name. : Saul must have been a gigantic man. A coat of mailed armour Guards his capacious trunk. great in stature. . twentythir- seven feet teen feet. stands. a French academician. measures more Than twice three cubits." High giants. And hope to gain belief ? Of massive iron not less than the broad beam Its temper'd frame To which the busy weaver hangs his loom Not to be wielded by a mortal hand Save by his own. nine inches. teen feet. of mankind. and Moses. endeavoured to show the very great decrease in the height of men between the periods of the Creation and the Christian era. 26. they would.10 GIANTOLOGT ASD DWABFIANA. He says Adam was one hundred and twenty. 2. In 1718. and nine lines Noah. On his vast thigh The plaited cuirass. for told in we are Samuel ix. If the advent of Christianity in the stature had not stopped any further decrease speculator. in war." . Abraham. His fearful stature. About his neck A shining corslet hangs. firmly jointed. one hundred and eigh. So ponderous it would crush the stoutest man In all our hosts. feet . are and expert named in Baruch iii. But who shall tell the wonders of his spear. famous from the beginning. compared with which The amplest oak that spreads his rugged arms In Bashan's groves were small. have long since earth. twenty in height. according to this learned been mere atoms on the The above allegation about Adam's height . 7. giants are mentioned in Judith xvi. On his towering head A helm of humish'd brass the giant wears. three feet nine inches Eve. Henrion. that " from his shoulders and and upwards he was higher than any of the people.

the third judge of Israel after Joshua. Traditionary memorials of the primeval giants stiU exist in Palestine in the form of graves of enormous dimensions . and the Antarctic with the other. until who conquered them. historians promulgated this fancy about the earliest possessors of Britain. and were chiefs At the who were . near . and occupied the land the arrival of Brutus. 11 very moderate compared with that made by early Rabbinical writers. which that of is thirty feet long is that of Seth in size . as the grave of Abel. Damascus. who afterwards much increased and multiphed. The Chronicles of Great Britain. but they considered that the height of men gradually decreased after the Flood. and that he touched Arctic Pole with one hand. time of his visit there were two giants more wonderful than aU the rest. an island which they named Albion after her. came to. Most nations had the belief that the men who Monkish preceded them were of immense stature. and by them had issue great and terrible giants and giantesses. written by John de Wavrin between 1445 and 1455. and which afterwards got the name of Britain. WhUe they were living there the devil assumed the shape of a man. and dwelt among the wicked women. and settled in. which about the same is and Noah. for a long time. in Lebanon. Anti-Lebanon. who affirm that his head overthe topped the atmosphere. which seventy yards in length. namely. Lady Albine and her sisters relate that in the time of Jahir.MAN is S HEIGHT BEFORE THE FLOOD.

and One of them was called Gromago (Gogmagog). his mother. or Typhon. were but a wand. Briareus. They were so . the Scotch and the Irish. which God of all his works Created hugest that swim the ocean stream. Lay floating many a rood in bulk as huge As whom the fables name. that warr'd on Jove. of monstrous size. lords of the country. and the other Lancorigam. whom he married. and were the sons of Uranus or TIbelus. according to some. ***** — who His spear to equal which the tallest pine Hewn on Norwegian hills. this early belief in kings of Milton caught the idea of stature. Foremost are those of the Titans. to be the mast Of some great admiral. number. all of gigantic stature and pro- Their wars against the gods are very celebrated in mythology.* ten antediluvian Berosus says that the Chaldea were giants.: 12 GIANTOLOGT AND DWAEFIANA. Heathen mythology is fiUed with such marvellous legends. by Gre or Terra. whom the den By ancient Tarsus held or that sea-beast Leviathan. or Earth-bom. who before the arrival of Brutus greatly injured and oppressed their neighbours. portionate They were strength. forty-five in were. * Vide page 48." We find profane history as fertile in stories of giants as Biblical history. " Prone on tlie flood. : . huge when he told us in his Paradise Lost of Satan His other parts besides extended long and large. Titanian.

and they were assisted by their mother. however. invincible so long as they remained in land. and the latter a flash of lightning. made an attack upon the gods with huge rocks and trees and bui-ning woods. the most formidable among them. They were their native and were not liable to be killed by anyone first except a mortal. but was killed by him and Zeus com- bined. with which one of them wounded his father. was employed by the gods make war against the Gi- gantes. the Titans. historians. and they also heaped Mount Ossa upon Pelion to scale the heavens. GIANTS OF MYTHOLOGY. and Gyges. as the giant fell but upon the earth he came to life again. the former using his arrows. Some had terrible faces and the of dragons . others . flowed sprang the Grigantes. the hero of profane who gave him to seven feet of height. who provided them with a scythe. under the leadership of Porphyrion and Alcyoneus. 13 mucli oppressed by their father. The remaining giants were then kiUed by the gods and Hercules . as Cottus. one hundred arms. had fifty heads. and finally slew him.. and some of them were crushed to pieces under mountains. him out of PorphjTion attacked Hercules. Briareus. Hercules. and others. and serpents in the place of legs. his native Hercules. and accordingly he killed Alcyoneus. that they conspired against him. The defeat of their brethren. size From the men of most blood that prodigious and tails fearfiil aspect. dragged land. incensed them against Jupiter They ac- and they cordingly all conspired to dethrone him.

" Homer " writes of these same monsters Hence EpHaltes. the son of Terra. and found therein a skeleton which measured sixty cubits in length. with the skulls of his conquered antagonists. Hercules attacked him. the sonnes of Neptune. . : 14 GIANTOLOGY Am) DWAEFIANA. intending to have pulled the gods out of their places. Quaint old that they assaulted heaven. him up and pressed him to death in his arms. and were therefore shot thorowe. and records it as follows " But as Ephialtes and Otus.: . Antseus. as he received new strength from his mother as often as he touched the earth. a giant of Libya. who (as the poets feigne) waxed nine inches every moneth. and others were buried by their conquerors Lempriere says the origin of the story of the Gigantes must be sought for in such physical phenomena as volcanic disruptions. were beaten to death with Tinder volcanic islands. None but Orion e'er surpass'd their height. alive. More fierce than giants. so strong in wrestling that was he boasted he would erect a temple to his father. and slaine with the arrowes of the gods. Plutarch mentions that Sertorius opened the grave of Antaeus in Africa. others were flayed clubs. Lambarde remembered a story of the mythological giants. Neptune. the hero lifted into the air. and. were so heaved up with the opinion and conceite of their owne length and hautinesse. and it is to be noticed that Homer and later writers place these monsters in volcanic districts. more than giants strong The earth o'erhurden'd groan'd beneath their weight . hence stem Otus sprung.

had he not intoxicated the Cyclops. birth." 15 When high Nine ells in air. visited the coast and were seized by Polyphemus. from the Trojan war. killed covered nine acres. a celebrated giant. made his escape by his cave. describes the Cyclops as "A form enormous. flesh. Homer this monster. but he stopped the entrance of Ulysses. ti'emendous to behold. is Polyphemus. who confined them and daily devotired two of them. creeping between the legs of the rams of the giant as they passed out to feed on the mountains. fate as his Ulysses would have shared the same companions. aloft they rear'd their tow'ring head. Herodotus states that the shoes of Perseus meaas- sured three feet in length. who says that him with their arrows. Polyphemus was awakened by the sudden pain . in his Odyssey. in stature or in face . Of human far unlike the race . strength fed represented to have been of wonderful stature. size that his was of such a prodigious giving birth to him. upon there. Tityus. the famed Cyclops. and kept his flocks his return on the coast of when Ulysses. in his cave. and put out his one eye with a firebrand while he was asleep. The wondrous youths had scarce nine winters told. and the Egyptians serted that he often appeared among them wearing mother died in shoes two cubits long. to He attempted to offer violence to Latona. however. and He upon human Sicily. with twelve of his companions. when extended on the ground. Homer. was driven The Grecian prince.POLYPHEMUS. but that goddess called her aid her children.

Homer was unceasingly complaining that men were of less stature in his day than they had formerly been. Hyginus. heav'd on high. Hesiod. whence they were extirpated by Eurymedon. Near half a And :p cast the ponderous ***** forest . Crown'd with rough thickets and a nodding wood. Ovid. and yet undry'd. a rook's enormous weight To the cave's mouth he roU'd. Pausanias. and Virgil reckons that posterity would behold with admiration the huge bones of . some of the heathen gods and the Latin and Greek poets and their Indeed. on account of their overbearing insolence to the gods." vast. and clos'd the gate Scarce twenty-four wheel'd cars. support the marvellous stories told about the gigantic size of heroes. The monster's club within the cave I spy'd. on his back he hore. and Italy. The Grecian Turnus in heroes. * * * * * * * A tree of stateliest growth. during the Trojan war. According to Homer there was a race of gigantic and savage men dwelling in the island of Trinacria. men of ApolloVirgil. Green from the wood of height and bulk so The largest ship might claim it for a mast. burden at the door. The massy load could bear. all historians had a common opinion that they and contemporaries were dwarfs compared with their ancestors. As some lone mountain's monstrous growtli he stood. dorus. * Then. are said to have attacked their enemies by throwing stones which several the succeeding ages were unable to move. compact and strong. or roll along.— 16 GIAlfTOLOGY AND DWAEFIANA. and others.

The ancient people of most countries seem to have possessed in the strongest degree a faith in giantology. an pillow. tive giants. while Etruscan cup found at Canino displays the giant Alcyoneus naked and asleep on a similar cup. while another giant. Greeks gave to stature heroes a little more than the ordinary over six raised and in their tragedy they increased the height of their actors to something feet. tries to kill the Besides believing in posiall their . eleven feet and a half in length. upwards of ten or. and every of their was tendered proportionately stouter. the feet. which five them four or their inches. such marvels upon their pottery. was. in front of the portals of the palace of Oamac . represents chus hurhng a lance into the breast of an overthrown giant. This was effected by buskins. found at the HerBac- cules with a club approaches to slay him. acfeet.: GIANTS ON POTTERY. as The was part of the everyday life of the ancient Greeks and Romans. Another same place. as evidenced their colossal by the vast images of their gods and monuments of architecture. They even represented belief in giants some say. cording to the Greeks. those 17 Romans who fell in the civil wars. upon his serpent with his lance. For ex- ample. when after- wards they should accidentally be discovered " Grandiaque effossis mirabitur ossa eepuloliris. found at Tegea. For example. while part gauntlets lengthened bodies arms." The body of Orestes. around whose body a serpent is entwined.

near Thebes. which seem upon the beholder's sense that he is entering a home of departed giants. high. contain unfinished figures of size. The temple of to the ceiling Jupiter at Olympia. an image in the form of in 772 an armed warrior. and twenty- one feet across the shoulders. Irminsula. or thirty-six English feet.18 GIAHTOLOGT AND DWAEFIANA. consist of three huge figures. many In the years before Christ. firont of the temple of Abou Limbel are statues sixiy feet in height. at the entrance. each thirty-eight feet high. but which might more fittingly bring to mind the exclamation of a moralist. and that was sixty-eight feet high. another deity of the Saxons. is The Colossus of Ehodes another example of ancient taste for the vast in the figm-e. The ruins of the Memnonium. was about eleven feet long. or Karnac. of Silsileh. are gigantic human statues. now thrown The quarries down. in Egypt. was a statue of Minerva twenty- six cubits. which rose almost of thfe building. in Egypt. temple of Juno at Argos was a figure of that goddess of similar colossal proportions. contained a seated statue of the god. which was thrown down by Charlemagne. one being sixty-four enormous In feet long. Odin. " that man should ape the attempts of a Titan with the capacity of a pigmy and the existence of an ephe- meris!" The adjacent palace of Luxor has two granite statues. human In the Parthenon of Athens. before Christ. and in one of the courts are twelve immense stone to impress figures fifty-two feet high. The Saxon idol. was usually represented .

east. of distinguished native chiefs. a fragment like a limb giant. Another was twenty- seven feet long. one of six feet which measured fifteen feet in length. and eight feet wide. cient representations of No doubt these various an- huge human forms were the . in the South Seas. and another standing cast a shade sufficient to shelter nearly thirty persons from the rays of the sua." Of some dismembered At the outer gate of the temple of Longevity at Can- ton were four gigantic figm-es. pale.COLOSSAL ARCHITECTURE. or evil spirits of gi- gantic bulk. as erected by that god. on the last day. and red. in the East Indies. was to sustain Captain Cook found in Easter Island. which were examined in 1783. and west. and in breadth over the shoulders. The caves of gi- Cannara. south. many gigantic human statues. The worsliippers of Odin believed that the celestial dome. 19 by a great log of wood. black. who inhabited Chaos. The red-faced giant had in one hand a sword. smite off the all heads of mankind at one blow. were placed certain dwarfs. whose faces respectively were coloured green. that little " Save liere and there An empty tomb. whose duty it. Ambola. that these It was believed huge figures marked the burying-places Here one might say was visible. At it the four cor- ners of the dome. and Elephanta. north. was formed from the skull of Ymer. with the poet. the great chief of a race of Eimthursar. with which it was said he would. contained many gantic carved figures.

corporeal shapes of those gigantic mj^ths which existed in the imaginations of our ancestors. having been perpetuated in stone. and which.20 GIANTOLOGY ASD DWAEFIAlfA. served to aid and continue the early belief in giants. . and man's innate reverence for the colossal.

and in it was discovered a skele- . Kleon de Vallemont— Sicily Giants— Giants with Canute and Malcolm— Giant of St. — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — Pliny says that by an earthquake in Crete a mountain was opened.. a Giant Skeleton of Jew— Giant Woman— Pallas—The in Sicily—in Thessalonica Polyphemus— Skeletons —Fossil Tooth found at Utica— Skeleton in Bohemia— Maundeville's Testimony of Giants— Valence Giants— Rouen Giant. Bees— Giant's Field—Theutohochus— Isoret Gigantic Bones in Aldermanbury Giant Guanohe Austrian Giant Giant's Tooth Thigh-bones of GiantsGigantic Bones found in England Cangiok Giants Bones at Lucerne in Staffordshire in Macedonia Bucart Large Bones in Essex Large Teeth in New England Skeleton in Calabria Little John Giant's Oak Bones in Derbyshire in Herefordshire at Hythe— at Eipon at Eussun Giants' Bones examined critically Bones Mineral Productions Ancient British Remains Stonehenge Giants' Dance Merlin Giant's Grave at Penrith Legends of Giant's Thumb Long Meg and her Daughters Giant's Grave in Dorsetshire in Lancashire in Yorkshire in Northumberland in Leicestershire Bell's Grave The Devil of Mount Sorrel Giant's on the Bosphorus Giant's Chamber Grave in L-eland Giant's Stairs Macmahon Giant's Cave in Wiltshire near Maiden's Step Torquin Giant's Chair Giant's Penrith Cave in Cornwall Sugar and Water Sunday Giant's Causeways Pen-y-Gair Giant in Dorsetshire Long Man of Wilmington Gogmagog's Hills Devil's Works.— CHAPTER Huge II. Giant of Claudius CiEsar— Posio and Seoundilla— Mummies in the Sallustian Gardens— Egyptian Sarcophagus— Large Skeleton found during War-Emperor Maximus—Emperors Jovianus and Charlemagne— Ferragus-^uotherus—Huge Skeletons found on the Orontes and in Mount Sigea—Antonius— Giant Child of Euthymenes Large Bodies found Hartebenunf Neevius the Cretan — — — Pollio— Eleazar. Skeleton found at Crete— Gabbaraa.

Even this giant was not so tall as Posio and Secundilla. 1676. which was supposed there to be that of Orion or Otus. in the reign of Augustus Caesar. one. than that they ever belonged to an elephant. ton standing upright. larger than the natural size." poses that the Hardouin supindividual descriptive name Gabbaras was not an Hebrew. have observed the ancient tendency to make mummies and tombs much larger than the true dimensions of men. or.22 GIANTOLOGT AND DWARFIANA. size. says: size "which being a very proportionable to our bone found at Corn- wall. if mummies might have been genuine. who possibly might dye and lay his bones here. whose in bodies were preserved as curiosities in a the Sallustian Gardens. a king of the Arabians. be observed that these counterfeits. brought by that Emperor from Arabia to Eome. who was nine feet niae inches high (about nine feet four inches and a half EngKsh measure). named Gabbaras. " the tallest man that has been seen in our times. forty-six cubits long. writing of this man's stature. museum whom measured however. Chardin. in order to create an im- . might have been made Sir J. but a term derived from the of his remarkable He supposes also that this was the same individual as the one mentioned by Tacitus as Acharus.'' Plot in his Oxfordshire. The same author relates that in the time of Claudius Cassar was a man. It should. I am rather inclined to believe that Claudius brought this Gabbaras into Britain with him. and other travellers. and each of in length ten feet three inches.

report. It is nine feet four inches in length. pression of wonder. one after the other. discovery of several gigantic skeletons. near Thebes. sixteen slaves in run- He then kept up with the . Phlegon mentions the went on purpose of it. The rivers rose to an unusual height. Before he became emperor he overcame ning. or near forty-two feet. but it is taken to have been intended for a stature. of the length of thirty-three cubits. and six gallons of wine. and which is now in Soane's Museum. The Emperor Maximus was about eight a half or nine feet high. and allured with the novelty of the Metellus himself. 23 We may take for one example the ajitique coffin-shaped Egyptian sarcophagus which was discovered by Belzoni in 1817. Lucius Flaccus. in a great cleft of the earth there was found the carcass of a man. He generally ate forty pounds' weight of flesh. was able to not move. his wife's bracelet for a His shoe was a foot longer than that of His strength was so great. man of no more than the common During the Cretan war there was discovered a body of prodigious size. to the place to take a view and they saw there what upon hearsay they had imagined to be a fable. drank every day. that he draw a carriage which two oxen could could strike out a horse's teeth with any other man. He a blow of his fist. and was in the habit of using thumb-ring. he was also feet and of great bulk. and when the floods were gone. the then legate.EMPEEOE MAXIMDS. and break its thigh with a kick.

The Emperor Jovianus was man of gigantic stature. but his feet were not proportionate to his body. Constance. Artacseas. emperor on horseback. and easily also a conquered them. like that of a man.24 GIANTOLOGT AND DWAEFIAITA. Aventine. of the family of Achsemenidse. being small. slain by Roland the nephew of Charlemagne. was eighteen height to the two former. and so was Charlemagne. in his Annals of Bavaria. We are informed by Nicephorus that he died at the age of twenty-five years. the body of a giant measuring upin wards of thirty feet was found. says his that Charlemagne had in army a giant. The son of Euthymenes of Salamis was three cubits in height at the age of three years. but he was inferior in The giant Ferragus. He died suddenly of convulsions of the limbs. at the completion of his third year. near the Lake of who threw down whole would have mowed grass. and having fatigued him in the course. Syria during the who was born reign of Theodosius. and his voice was strong. feet high. named ^notherus. he was he had slow of gait and dull of comprehension. a native of Turgau. was seven feet seven inches high. a body forty-six feet in length was discovered in the sepulchre belonging to the Ethiopian Ariadnes. as he by the falling in of one of the banks of the Orontes. He adds that in a cavern of Mount Sigea Antonius. attained puberty. a man . Philostrato says that battahons. he was opposed by seven of the most active soldiers.

25 tallest in great favour with Xerxes. in height. met with and of two coffins. and so heavy a press of people came killed. and he had twelve companions. Strabo speaks of a royal gigantic . for he measured only four fingers' hreadth short of five cubits. after a peace. relates that the giant Hartebenunf was thirteen and a half that feet high. else. who were each twenty-eight feet. each containing the skeleton of a giant. the grammarian. He adds. and surnamed The Giant.EOMAJSr GIANTS. Phlegenitral says that in the famous cavern of Diana. that in the several Cimmerian Bosphorus an earthquake brought to hght huge bones. which in our measure would be about seven feet. who was seven cubits. was a Jew called Eleazar. to see him. The length of one was twenty-three the other twenty-four cubits. was the man among the Persians. Carthaginians. cubits. He us that the when sinking their trenches. that he was in dan- tells us that among King of Persia sent to Eome. a giant. many bodies of the length of six likewise tells yards were discovered. which being arranged formed an enormous human skeleton twenty-four cubits in length. Columella speaks of Cicero as mentioning Nsevius Pollio. or over ten ger of being the hostages Josephus whom the feet. Saxo. in Dalmatia. according to the royal standard. who was a Toot taller than anyone so great and of whom Pliny says that he was that he was regarded as a prodigy.

or that huge king Of Basan. was known who was walls slain by Turnus. woman who came to the Eome sacking thereof by the Goths was of so giant-like a height.. least weighed one hundred and a thigh-bone . of the The same author tells us that another skeleton was found near Palermo. brother of Alcseus.26 GIANTOLOGT AND DWAEFIANA. terminated like a club. who might " Easily have overstepped Goliah's helmfed head. of which the ounces. Three teeth. that must have belonged to a man four hundred feet high. Eome. Augustine reports that a shortly before by Antimenidas. resting on the mast of a ship. Kircher tells us of a perfect skeleton which was dug out of a stone sepulchre near II. and who therefore could have been no other than one of the Cyclops. and he adds that both her parents were of the ordinary stature. with his left hand pana. and carrying fifteen hundredweight of lead. and which. that she was far above the many who flocked to see her . which would have contained several bushels of com. It crumbled into dust upon being touched. most probably Polyphemus himself. and was higher than the city. by an inscripto be that of Pallas. slain champion St." Fazellus tells us that in 1342 the remains of Polyphemus were found in Sicily. in the reign of the Emperor Henry tion attached to it. near Mount Eri" The giant was seated. except part of his skuU. hugest of the Anakim.

with and coats with large sleeves on. near Drepanum in Sicily. contain two hundred and ten pounds of corn that a tooth belonging to the under-jaw. who was two hun- dred cubits high . pounds. ral other colossal men. Kircher speaks of a giant of Mount Erecli. stated that this giant's skull was found entire. weighed fifteen . and was seven inches two that the smallest bone of the little lines in length toe of one of his feet was equal round to if in size . ordered an account of this skeleton to be . armfour bone fi-om the elbow to the wrist was two . and of one in Tangier. that the feet. and scale. the French consul at Thessa- lonica. the skeleton of a giant ninety-six feet long was found in a wall at Chailliot. The same author has given the measurements of sevenia. Quenel. eight lines their jackets and that two soldiers. in Maurita- who was sixty (query seventy ?) cubits in height. to This fact was communicated Ehetel.GIGANTIC SKELETONS. near Thessalonica in Macedonia. when drawn. and could . in a letter written from Scio. a missionary in him by Father Jerome de the Levant. 27 still one hundred and twenty feet long. inches. exhibits them in an en- graving adapted to a the and placed in order. easUy passed their arms thus covered through the cavity of the bone. who. were per- fect" Plutarch says that upon opening a sepulchre in Mauritania a carcass was found of the length of seventy cubits. from Polyphemus. common size up to that of According to the relation of Father Jerome de Monceaux.

were twenty-six may be supposed that the entire feet in length. skeleton. size of the tooth of At Totu in Bohemia. with others. in the year 758." culous is further evidenced in his account of an island . says that in that and the place of the iron chain fastenings. He re- ceived from the Pasha the principal bones. the great flood. John Maundeville. Shakespeare. body exceeded one hundred and ten Our own Sir historians inform us that in fifty feet 1171 the bones of a giant long were found in England. who believed that there were many- giants born of the race of Seth. refers to " the Maundeville's love of the mira- giant Andromede. where Andromeda. drawn up and deposited in the Chancery. m the castle of that by which it city. forty feet long. St. for the classical story of the virgin Andromeda does not tell us that she was a giantess. to The knight's amazement at this bone seems have led him into confusion. the head of which could scarcely be encompassed by the arms of two men joined toso late as and whose shin-bones. and which any per- was a hundred times the son living. however. saw on the shore near Utica a cast fossil human tooth.28 GIAJSTTOLOGY AND D-WAEFIAlfA. shown. which were 1764 kept feet long. writing of his travels in Palestine. which had been up by the sea. was found a gether. who had Augustine. the marvel-loving voyager of country might be seen the rock. says that he. giant. and pur- chased the remainder from other persons secured them. about 1322 to 1356. was found before Noah's was still a rib of whose side.

containing a skeleton. and his bones. with the bones of a giant thirty was to be seen. Upon " In the tomb was a plate of copper. in the ditches near the Jacobins. about a mile south . which the Ehone in its excavations had exposed on the hills of Yivarais. engr0. which seems to ot have been a country famous for the dislodgment lengthy skeletons. two human skeletons were and the other thirty-four. and tliei ban but on eye. one ot thirty-six." Fulgesius says that in the reign of Charles VII. of feet long. in 1509. and for the credulity necessary to give them a gigantic reputation. in his History of says that in a field called Gibilo. by the Athenians near their city. in the Japanese seas. which measured feet in length. the Chevalier Eicon de Vallemont. and whose shinbone reached up to the girdles of the tallest men.ved this tomb to lies the noble and puissant lord. France a sepulchre. was discovered upon the banks of a through which flows Peray. opposite Valence. whose skuU held a bushel of corn. of ben folk of gret stature. Coelius Khodiginus says that during the reign of the body of a giant eighteen feet in length river Louis XL St. ofwhiclihe says: theise yles 29 "In on . consequently the body must have been seventeen or eighteen feet high. opposite Valence.— GIGANTIC SKELETONS. was found a stone tomb." According discovered Le Cat. In Rouen. as geauntes and thei ben hidouse for to loke is upon . FazeUus. and that in the myddylle of the front. it being about four feet long. Sicily.

was found by oae Johannes a skeleton thirty feet high. in 1031. afterwards another. says that in 1610 the thigh- bone of a London. and subjugated the latter and two other kings. thirty feet long. the head of which was the teeth of size of a hogshead. Turner. in 1516. a great number of sepulchres and gigantic skeletons were found. Cumberland. Leontinus in Sicily. man of enormous size was exhibited in In Jefferson's History and Antiquities of Allerdale above Denoent is the following account of the discovery of the remains of a giant at St. when the former penetrated Scotland. skeleton. except the teeth. of Mazarino in Sicily. and each of the five ounces. in his History of the Anglo-Saxons. says that in 1520 some gigantic bones were found in the place of the conflicts between Canute and Malcolm In 1550. 30 GIANTOLOGT AND DWAKFIANA. and that many more of the hke Another kind were discovered near Hicara. the naturalist. thirty feet long. was dug The skeletons found in 1516 and 1548 fell to dust immediately after they were exposed to the air. extracted from a manuscript in the . said to have belonged to Ameri- can giants.. in an immense cavern situated at the foot of a mountain. Bees. not far from Palermo. some huge bones. And up. which weighed Fazellus also says that in a small village between Syracuse and Leontium. was found by Paulus in 1550. thirty-three feet in length. were shown at Mexico and other places. Turner. in 1548 and another.

spans broad. was 4 yards and a His sword was two half long. pecks of oatmeale. " On a tellement cru a I'existence de geans. Sand's. BEES. and more than two His teeth were 6 inches long. shaft of of iron. His chine bone could containe 3 His armour. and eight feet high. and 2 his forehead was more than two spans battle- and a half broad. of Carlisle 31 : Dean and Chapter "A in true report of Hugh Hodson. twelve feet wide. to Eob. Bees. a gyant found at said Bees. opened. as thick as a man's thigh. and axe are at Mr. His teeth were about the size of an ox's foot. Wyber's. of Redington (Rottington). on which was a gray stone with the words " Theuto"When the tomb was bochus Rex" cut thereon. Cewell (query Sewell?) of St. que non seule- . S"^ of Thorneway. digging near the ruins a castle in Dauphine. and more than two yards long. of St. and five feet deep from the breast to the back." oi In 1613 some masons. and was in complete armour: his sword and his battle-axe lying by him. sword. The gyant was is biu'ied 4 yards deep in the ground. ten wide across the shoulders. thirty feet long. twentyfeet and a half long. and at Jilr." at the depth of eighteen feet discovered a brick tomb. in Cumberland. they found a five feet human skeleton entire. the yards long. in a field which by tradition had long been called "The Giant's Field. and his shin-bone measured four feet in length.GIANT OF library of the ST. inches broad . It w"* now a corn field. Cumberland. The it all head of his battle-axe a yard long.

the king of the is Germaine. en 1613. sented repre- by Florus to all have been so very the trophies or tall that he was seen above Weever. and whose body was not less than fifteen feet The Theatrum Europceum says that in 1645 the Swedes dug up near Crems. spoils of the enemies. who was vanquished by Marius. a celebrated natu- wrote in 1613 a tract entitled Oigantomain refutation of Habicot's account of the disco- very of these bones. a giant's long. The Chevalier Scory.32 GIANTOLOGY AND DWAEFIANA. Two other tracts were written upon this controversy. the He says that Isoret. says that in the cloister of the churchyard of St. Germans. pounds and a . Teneriffe. 1631. wondrous great and large. in his voyage to the Pike of found in one of the sepulchral caverns of that mountain the head of a Guanehe. at Paris. qui aurait eu 25 pieds de haut. in length 28 inches and a halfe. le ment Docteur Habicot pretendit avoir trouve. and they were followed by Rioland's Giantologie. whose head was as big one tooth weighed five as a medium- sized table. Theutobochus. was " the with the shanke bone of a man. be seen in the suburbs of St. with" an inscription. in Austria. Mary. some years be- tomb of the giant was to who was twenty feet high. which were carried upon the tops of spears. who had eighty teeth. Aldermanbury. John Eioland. les restes de Teutobochus. in his Funeral Monuments. hanging fastened to a post. of assise: pourtraiture of a giant-like person. vpon a table. cliia." ralist. fore. skeleton.

The Neios. Paul's." fire among which was After the great down the church of St. A subsequent writer with refreshing nwivetS that the bigness of these bones seems to argue that they could not have been human. or were a lusus naturce. and tlie bone of his arm was as big nary man's middle. he must have had a weight answerable one hundred and seventy-six times the bulk of a middle-sized man. and that half supposing the tooth of a common man weighed five an ounce.. then. the " huge thigh-bone of a giant. in Sep- D . which was assumed Tavern at have belonged to a woman. was seen a rare collection of curiosities. in the reign of Charles II. be seen at the King's Head In opening the ground in the churchyard of Wotton. it is and therefore probable that either they increased else under ground. and making the site into a of 1666. upon pulling to market-place. near Dorking in Surrey. half. and to which was afterwards Greenwich. to enlarge the vault of the Evelyn family.GIGA2>rTIC SKELETONS. John Somner. 1664. advertised that at to be the Mitre. which was too much. the author of the that there Eckstormius confirms and Topographia of Brunswick says in the was found Bauman's Cave a human argues skull of a gigantic size. was found a huge thigh-bone. as 33 an ordithis . near the west end of St. taking the tooth of the giant found by the Swedes to weigh pounds to and a half. for June 2d. Mary Wool-Church. was found a human skeleton which measured nine feet three inches in length.

a quantity of strange and monstrous bones. in his discourse of Stonehenge. at the end of Langtoft's Chronicle) of one of the Cangick giants. Ludovicus Vivos mentions such a tooth. represented a skeleton of formidable size. which. at the depth of thirteen feet. there were found. in sinking a well at Chartham. little which was shown to him as one of St. some being whole. said to have been an inch and one of the teeth was three inches long was broken weighed three above the roots. each tooth weighing about half a pormd. in his Oxfordshire. tember. with four teeth. in India.34 GIAIJTOLOGT AND DWAKFIANA. and were assumed be human. tells CoUinson. found. a people parts. and others broken. three inches and a quarter round. at the depth of about seventeen feet. that in sinking a well in the parish of us in Wedmore. and was kept in a church that bore his name. being put a house with many to together. the remains (according to Gibbons. the year 1670. near Canterbury. in his History of Somersetshire.these The top of the skuU was thick. ofi' it ounces and a Plot. Christopher's teeth. sound and entire. within a few yards of the river. supposed to have formerly inhabited . but a larger. It had been found under an . but partially petrified. A similar tooth it where was seen by Acosta had been dug out of the ground in other bones. and after the root half. says that a skele- ton seventeen feet high was then to be seen in the town-ball at Lucerne. 1668. 1676. and some of them almost as large as a man's fist.

he says that. near the village of Keyden. which were preserved for some time by one Mr." In his Siafordshire.GIGANTIC SKELETONS. near Warslow. (notwithstanding their extravagant magnitude) they must have been the bones of men or women doth anything hinder but they provided it . I can say little to them. the world stDl affording us a Goliah as well as of old. of an extraordinary size. " In the digging open a Low Hill. Yet that sometimes men are produced of unusual statures as well in excess as defect. man or woman. Hamilton. with a tooth yet remaining near double the magnitude of those men or- dinarily have. there were found men's bones. or otherwise disposed of before I came there. like dugg up at Mare. 35 He instances numerous gigantic bones which had been in England. the wife of ." now and . vicar of Alstonfield . and adds : dug up "It remains that nor so. who gave me the jaw- bone of a in it. may have been be clearly made out. that there have been of proportionable stature in to our all men and women of the world. alderman of Stafford. William Feak. in this county. 1686. in Stafford. old oak in Willisau. Marie. which was found in the south chancel of the collegiat church of St. as I was told. and I was informed of the . I received a certain proof from Mr. ages down even on Ecton own days. Humphry Perry which is is enough to shew that manthen no more abated in stature than it is in age. where now kind lyes the gravestone of Ann. in the foimdation of the tower but these being buryed again.

stating that a body mea- suring seventeen feet four inches long had been dis- covered in a tomb near Angers. Valence. and that his bones were found in 1705. In the Philosophical Transactions of 1714 account of observations is made in New England. which were accounted to have belonged to giants. in Essex. large teeth and bones of extraordinary bulk. is skull of a giant found in Macedonia in Sep- tember. each of which contained a body averaging on the whole from ten to fourteen feet in length. a Crussol. Gentil. The corn. by an arrow by the Count de CabiUon. In 1701 some large bones were found at ness. meaning an probably at Walton. This body's arms and legs were entwined by a number of smaller bodies. In the same neighbourhood were many tombs of a similar mode of construction. in . who was slain vassal. his The Dominicans had a part of the shin-bone. and his figure painted in fresco. and Camden says that in the times of Eichard II. the tyrant of the Yivarais. held two hundred and ten pounds of In the Journal des Savans of the year 1692 a letter from P. with the articulation of the knee. near the banks of the little river at the foot of the mountain of upon which tradition says the giant dwelt. were found at the eastern promontory of the same county. with an inscription stating that this giant was twenty-two Merderi. possessed the bones of the giant Bucart. feet and a half high.36. and Elizabeth. in Dauphine. GIANTOLOGT AlfD DWARFIAJSTA. near. apparently the children of the giant. 1691. Wrab- Harwich.

and who was fourteen feet high. he saw the skeleton of a man seventeen feet in length. preserved. and the Journal Littdraire of the Abbe Thomas Cornelio relates. and each of the other teeth weighed upwards of three quarters of an oiuice. commonly called the . 37 1712. measuring eighteen Roman feet in length. . . it to pieces as soon as was We learn from Nazari. fifteen paces from which was a large oak. in Switzerland. Hector Boetius. in his History of Scotland. posed to be a thigh-bone. a castle of Upper Calabria. in Albany. some labourers discovered in a garden an entire skeleton. which had been found The Annual little in the sixteenth century. that states some bones of a man who. flat fore-tooth. four fingers in breadth also a bone. The head was two feet and a half long each molar tooth weighed about an ounce and one-third. which he judged to be human. by Dr. in derision. and a broad. He describes several hiige teeth. Platerus. Mather. thai there who inclined to the opinion had been in the antediluvian world men of very prodigious stature. were a celebrated physician. in consequence of the finding of bones and teeth of great size. which. that at Triolo. seventeen with the others. particularly a grinder weighing four pounds and three-quarters. Register for 1765 says that at a distance from Ancona was to be seen an an- cient temple called the Great Church. was styled Little still John. supfeet long.GIGANTIC SKELETONS. crumbled exposed to the air. asserts that at Lucerne.

aU nearly of the same Pilkington.38 GIANTOLOGY AND DWAEFIANA. At Doward Hill. Glover. bones which were uncommonly large were to found . has long been preserved a huge pile of several thousand skulls. leg. and in it a human which ap- peared to have been more than double the stature of the tallest man now known. In digging there lately about this tree size Giant's Oak. in 1782. says that in opening a barrow near Chelmorton. the site of the ancient priory of St. It was measured ten Eoman palms like those in length. con- taining a body of prodigious size. In a vault under the church of Hythe. several years before he wrote. originally a small cell or chapel. in that county. in his View of Derh/shire. in his Derh/shire. in Whitchurch. a stone coffin was discovered. some men who were skeleton. Herefordshire. and its teeth were exactly of a large horse. an entire giant's skeleton of a prodigious found. some of which said to be the remains of the killed in a battle are very large. and it was imagined that the persons whom they had belonged must have beeii at least seven feet high. Derby. Near this tons. founded in the Saxon era. digging found a cavity which seemed to have been arched over. At the . says that in dig- ging the foundation of buildings in the neighbourhood of the King's Head inn. near One of the thigh-bones must have be- longed to a being nearly seven feet high. and are Danes and Britons who were the place. and thigh bones. Kent. and arm. skeleton were discovered eleven other skelesize. James.

but he discovered monster. 1812. whence the doctor argues that the subject must have been twelve feet high. Ouvier. of a that in the bed of a river near Russun he found the fossU remains of the first joint human finger. in Celtic In Bateman's Ten Years' Diggings and Saxon Grave-hills are mentioned many instances of thigh-bones of great length having been found. Sloane had the vertebra of a whale which was dug up in England sent to him as a portion of a giant's it backbone . An Italian journal mentions that in July. and proved that these colossal osteological remnants human. 1820. in where human Dr. measuring in length twenty-one inches and a half. in the Calcutta Mirror for March 23d. 39 bone-liouse at Eipon Cathedral is a brightly-polished femur or thigh-bone. to be a part of a sea When men of science expressed opinions against the so-called human remains. long was dug up in the valley of Mazara. the skeleton of a man ten feet three inches Sicily. and men of science. which could have belonged only to a man not less than seven feet two or three inches in height. twice the size of the similar joint of an ordinary man. states. Sir Hans Sloane. have by comparative anatomy were not exploded the ancient errors. Tytler skeletons of gigantic size had been theretofore found. and classed . The general no doubt of the bones and belief in men of enormous stature ia part arose fi-om the discovery in the earth fossil remains of extinct huge quad- rupeds and other fish.GIGAiraiC SKELETONS.

and whales. it is highly probable that some which were moderately great. Geoffrey of Monmouth. did beexceptionally to giants. at and We cannot much wonder the mistakes of the early philosophers in this respect the when we remember that Theophrastus. and the like. the results of Druidical labom-s. in his British History. was called Chorea Gigantum. by old monkish writers. whose most stu- pendous and most early works were in former days ascribed by the vulgar people of to England and "Wales to be the primeval giants. believed. megatheriums. KiUarus in Ireland. heretics them with mammoths. but in most instances the places contain remains or indications of the ancient Britons. Thus. mastodons. one of earliest of them. and Various spots in England and elsewhere bear the names of giants' graves. larly such as long to men of tail stature.40 GIANTOLOGT AND DWAEFIANA. or the Giants' Dance. who were assumed workers and early conquerors. while they in- . and who much devoted himself were a sort of mineral production to the study of nature. Although in many instances the large bones which have been reputed to be human were not so in fact. and particuwere found in ancient tumuli. that bones which originated and grew in the earth. they were regarded as mere contradictors of the Bible. Stonehenge. says that a structure of stones which none of that age could raise without a profound knowledge of the mechanical arts was said to have been brouo-ht by the giants of old from the and placed at farthest coast of Africa. as Pliny tells us. giants' caves.

being that Torquin refiising to obey the summons to of King Arthur. of these stones. and was of such prodigious stature as to reach from one pillar to the other. about four yards in height. which infested the country. a legendary prophet of ancient days. relating the same story. these were removed from Ireland by Merlin. celebrated in a ballad which found in Percy's Reliques of Ancient English Poetry.giants' geavbs. and killed in the forest of Inglewood wild boars. on a mountain of Kilareth. says the legend. but Merlin moved it easily. stones About the year 489. called the Giant's Grave. and five yards distant from each other. to Sahsbury Plain. The tell Chronicles of Wavrin. and piUars. composed of stones. A battle ensued. Sir Lancelot force. He was buried here. and of marvellous magnitude. A mount in Penrith chui'chyard. knight. to be Two stories are told is One. was unsuccessfully en- deavoured to be moved by the Britons. Both stories are of course mythical. and so constructed Stonehenge. in Ireland. near is which are two circulai- stone pillars. in Britain. he was buried between these states that The other story of one Sir they were set up in memory Owen much Csesarius. in du Lake was despatched to bring him by which Torquin fell. where they were called the Giants' Dance. to appear at his court answer for ravages which he daily committed. Cumberland. but they obtained credit much stones local among the vulgar inhabitants. who lived in these parts. 41 habited that country. us that in early times a Giants' Circle. The were .

Wien their game they forsook. a Druid's temple. A large stone near Dublin was supposed to have been " Left by the giants of old who play 'd quoits. Little is a single pillar or ancient cross. to it are two large stones which have the beds of rock on the probably rolled side. and the mound near which they stand was a monumental barrow.* Is Near Norden-hiU. In Penrith churchyard. A story. and at Salkeld. popular in the neighbourhood. . six feet high." * See page 88. no doubt mere marks of sepulchral distinction to some British or Danish man of note. in Dorsetshire. near Penrith. the direction being across the vaUey towards short Hanging-hill. the Giant's is called Thumb. across since Pitching rocks an arm of the sea by way of trying each other's strength was a common amusement of the northern giants. about thirteen yards distant from the mount. Early tumuli are well known to have far exceeded in size the proportions of the persons buried therein. a lengthy mound which and very near is popularly called the Giant's Grave. He whose stone fell was so mortified at the failure that he died of vexation.42 GIA^JfTOLOaY AKD D"WAEFIANA. and was buried beneath the mound which has been known as the Giant's Grave. or down from from the chalk hiU above. says that two giants were once standing on Norden-hill and contending for the mastery as to which of them should hurl the longer distance. called Long Meg and her Daughters.

At to a ever after called Mountsorrel." In Furness. and leaped a mUe . says that to the west of a farm-house at Rutchester. but was once popu- larly called the Giant's Grave. 43 Similar legends are often attached to blocks of stone "strewn as it were by Titans in some antediluvian game of knuckle-down. Its hill. a made it in the solid use is not known. Hay. covered with a jSat stone.giants' geaves. as told by Peck. are many ancient places called giants' graves. North Lancashire. he a mounted the sorrel horse. near Heddon-on-the- Wall. writing in 1670. which are thus described place. which are called giants' graves. Bruce. runs that in the neighbourhood of Mountsorrel a giant or devil named thence Bell once in a merry vein took three : prodigious leaps. tells us of a giant's grave The story. in his Wallet Booh of the Roman Wall. in Leicestershire. were found to contain the bones of men. on the brow of the trough-like excavation has been rock. There is a tradition among the old inhabitants that giants formerly hved at the place. which are probably Danish. probably of the Druid era. Dr. At Arnclifi^ in Yorkshire. whicli are found and which on being excavated. and were buried there. when the alley-taws were lumps of rock as big as that with which Polyphemus slew Acis. The last of the race is said to have been shot hill by an arrow upon the adjacent of Blawithknott. are two small stone circles. near two barrows on Heathwaite. in Northumberland. about 1842.

called the Giant's had a chamber at each end. and the place has ever since been " He Bell's Grave.44 place from GIANTOLOGY AND DWAEFIANA. strength. Byron says in " 'Tis a grand sight his Don Juan : from off the Giant's Grave To watch the progress of those rolling seas Between the Bosphorus. it since named Oneleap. West Charlton. and antiquity. Near Clayonagh and Grave. It originally Killesher. as they lash and lave Europe and Asia. called Bui'staU. in Ireland. years ago at Its with strong walls built of stones four feet thick. is called the Giant's Grave. connected by a longer one in the centre. The third leap was but the violence of the exertion and shock killed him. or group of stones. and he denominated was there buried. local proverb. A height on the Adriatic shore of the Bosphorus. Chamber. is a remark- able place of primeval sepulchre. size. induced the credulous it people living in its vicinity to believe that had been . Gloucestershire. leaps like a Bell giant or devil of Mountsorrel. now corrupted to Wanlip. to a village from the bursting of both himself and also a mile. much frequented by holiday parties. thence he leaped another mile. or Bell-Grave. his horse." in At Uleybury. is a long cromlech. on encompassed an acre of ground. called the Giant's The ruined residence of a giant was pointed out not many It the North Tyne. in the absence of its any exact knowledge of history." after- wards became a ridicule those which was intended to who dealt in the marvellous.

Various legends are told of this giant in Ireland. A giant's cave at Clifton. his stronghold. or to enable them" to clear the space of a mile in a hop. is so called tradition. Both these feats the giant Macmahon was said to have performed in the days of Finnian glory. At Luckington. and jump. suited only to those who have of sufficient length to stride over a middle-sized house. a chasm in a rock. is called A cavity near EdenhaU. says Croker. in North Wilts. floored. retired to the cave. about eleven feet high. 45 the habitation of some mighty giant in the old days. but nothing of importance was found in them. step. They legs are. from a traditional account of the escape of a beautiful virgin from Torquin. seven or eight feet broad. near Bristol. or six small sepulchres or kistvaens. These caves have been several times opened. in which were discovered. adjoining Badcalled the Giant's five minton Park.giants' caves. Between Passage and Cork mahon. by Penrith. was a long barrow Cave. Near it is the Giant's Cave. the giant. which are are great masses of rock cliff piled one above another against the of Oarrig- called the Giant's Stairs. on the summit of a . and roofed with great stones. from some fabulous Between Rome and Loretto. and the common tradition of the cliff cotmtry placed his dwelling within the side of up the which the stairs led. lined. called the Maiden's Step. after exercising upon aU occasions every kind of brutality and depredation within his reach. in 1646. who.

on some Sunday in May. where the lasses give the treat. which stand in contact with each' other. The London Magazine for 1791 relates. at Llan- tian state in Italy. from time immemorial. This is called Sugarto the andr Water Sunday. The figure of a giant is cut on the lull near Cerne.46 hill. and a some supposititious cavern in which he is said to have lived. said ing inhabitants to have been by the neighbourmade by giants." mole or quay projecting from the base of a steep promontory some hundred feet into the sea. and a vast concourse of both sexes always assemble in the Giant's third Cave on the Sunday in May for this purpose. on the coast of Ireland. that. and the lads return the compliment in cakes. pmich. are monuments of an ancient giant called Orlando. is called the Giant's Causeway. GIANTOLOGT AND DWABFIiNA. and the like fabulous tradition occurs in many other places side of a steep it is where similar works remain. to drink sugar and water. in Dorsetshire. They afterwards adjourn public-house. and among them are a huge stone which is said to have been his chair. The vast fortification called is derfeU. for the lads and lasses of the neigh- bouring villages to collect together at springs or rivers. in Merionethshire. &c. aJe. " in some parts of the North of England it has beeA the custom. and formed of perpendicular pillars A of basaltes. apropos of a giant's cave in Cornwall. resembling which are two other giant's causeways in the Veneand another near Padua.. Pen-y-Gair. By some sup- .

and on the side of the downs. were rors cousin.. when the light is This figure near the of a building which was formerly a religious house. as the Devil's Ditch. and it may have been the work of its inmates. a rude It has not figure two hundred and forty either hand. holding a staff in been "scoured" for spot. and handed down to us only fables. &c. or to giants. and carries a club one hundred and twenty feet long. and holding clubs. feet one hundred and eighty in length. is in Sussex. and is invisible on the but is easily disfalls tinguishable at a distance at a particular angle. called the so- Long Man of Wilmington. Devil's Arrows. Gogmagog's set up." . Two giants. called Gog and Magog. hills. 47 posed to have been standing above one thousand years. Gogmagog Hill. feet in length. Near Wilmington.LONG MAN OF WILMINGTON. many on site it years. This giant is represented in the Gentleman's Magazine for 1764. and upon one of two Cambridgeshire chalk at one time called Gogmagog's hiUs. at were cut in the earth at the Hawe Plymouth. and to have been formed and worshipped by It is the ancient Britons. was cut a gigantic human figure. by whom the eminences Aubrey says: "The Saxon conqueinto —no searchers antiquity —ascribed works great and strange to the devil. which was supposed to represent Atlas. forty-four feet in breadth at the it shoulders.

to civic most popular adjuncts displays and pageants.— CHAPTEE Civic Giants III. from very early times. Giants have been. associated with a fabulous account of Corinseus and Gogmagog. — Corin£eu8 and Gogmagog — Legend of — Giant's — Giants in London Pageants— Gog and Magog in Guildhall—Midsummer Shows and Giants — Chester Giants — Giants in the Low Countries—Antigon. after the destruction of Troy. and they together landed in Albion. and sailed in search of adventures. cities. The are Gog and Magog. The story goes that Brutus. He joined with Corinseus. a giganlic man and a prodigy of valour. both in England and on the Continent. Leap killer St. band of Trojans. collected a related by Geoffrey of Monmouth. the reason being that they are intimately connected with the old mythic histories of the foundation of giants of the City of London. the Giant of Antwerp — Padua Giants—^Valencia Giants — Types of Municipal Power— Giants at Dunkirk and Douai — Giant at Kenilworth Castle — at Woodford— Giants in Folk-lore and Fiction— Jack the Giant—Teutonic Giants—Thor— Skrimmer—Hindvi Legends Woglog — Vishnu — Indian Giants — King Arthur — Giant of Mount Michael— Cornish Giants — Giants of Trecrohhen Ghosts of Giants— Holiburn of the Cairn — Tom and the Giant Blunderbuss — Bolster— Giant of Goran — Wrath — Jack the Tinkeard — Irish Giants —Fingall— Trick on a Scotch Giant Legend of Giant Women — Grana— Bock of the Candle. . where " Those mightie people borne of giants' brood That did possesse this ocean-bounded land.

it And for because from giants he won. was the hugest of height. wlio oft in battell stood 'Gainst them in field. They did subdue. Which them get. got. they all. and are now represented by large E . He was reserved that Corinseus might match his strength against him in single combat. he being twelve cubits in and able to pull up trees by weeds. and threw him headlong as The spot was afterwards known Lam or Lan Groe- magot. or the Giant's Leap. to a high rock. except GeomaThe survivor their roots as or Gogmagog. one portion being called Britain. and were formed by breaking one name two. a band of giants made their appearance and disturbed the festivities. however. which latter he gave to Corinasus For his service done. all of whom.COEIN^US AND GOGMAGOQ. The Trojans. ribs. in a wrestle broke three of Corinseus's which injury so enraged him that he bore the giant into the sea." On an tival occasion when Brutus was holding a fes- on the sea-coast of Cornwall. The separate names of into Gog and Magog after Brutus are comparatively modern." Brutus then divided the land between his followers and CorinEBus. however. 49 ****** whom they did pursue. and long to founded London they were applied two huge city's figures which were introduced into that pageantry. destroyed. The giant. fought a desperate battle against the monsters. untill by force of hand They were made subject unto Brute's command. straight to caves in mountains did " Save certain giants. and the other Cornwall.

there were two wickerwork and pasteboard giants in Guildhall. Before the fire of London in 1666.. as if he were the porter of the city. when Philip and entry into London. which were ignited during the display. and not- too long for us to reproduce here we can therefore give only a summary of it. In 1415. which were exhibited in Cheapside upon the occasion . II. made his triumphal entry into London. were exhibited on London Bridge. upon her coronation in 1558. the male bearing the city keys. after the victory of Agincourt. on the coronation of James city giants inscription. when Henry the same place. the same giants were seen holding above the gate a Latin In 1685. the two were represented upon a raft on the Thames. it is told in detail by several London by Hone and Fairholt. his side YL entered London the same as his way. and upon the occasion of the arrival of Queen Elizabeth at Temple Bar. Mary made their public Gogmagog and Co- holding between them some Latin verses. figures in the Guildhall. but . wooden ably The story has been historians. Li 1432. the images of rinseus. and by was an inscription commencing to the " All those that he enemies I shall king them clothe with confusion. a male and a female giant stood at the Southwark entrance-gate of London Bridge. a mighty giant awaited him champion at He carried a drawn sword. when Henry V.: 50 GIANTOLOGY AlTD DWAEFIAKA." In 1554. and were fiUed with combustibles.

. for the years 1533-1535. on John's eve. are set forth great and uglie gyants. Puttenham. which were armed. and were also car- Mayor's annual show. each of which is about fourteen feet in height. Until 1815. with the old clock and a bal- cony between them. over the hall to the courts of stairs law and the council chamber hence arose the popular saying " When the giants : hear the clock strike twelve they come down to dinner. CIVIC GIANTS. and the damage done to them by vermin. they stood. writing of the pageants in London. and marched as if they were alive. they were replaced about 1708 by the present carved wooden figures. But by reason of their age. Andrew Hubbard's parish. and the sheriffs also had their giants." They now stand one on each end of the haU. alluding probably to some parochial Midsummer pageant tells : " Reeeyvyd for the ijs. 51 of the restoration of Charles ried in the Lord II. called They are commonly tell Gog and Magog . and armed . the mayor was attended by his giant." and " Eeceyvyd for the Jeyantt. side of the win- dow at the western In the churchwardens' accounts of St. vii^d. are the following items. 1589. London. Jeyantt. nightly watch in London. says : " Where." Stow us that upon the setting of the St.. in his Arte of English Poesie. and the when they were leading from the repaired. xixd. Gogmagog. Midsummer to make the at all people wonder. marching as if they were alive. but antiquaries us that the oldest figure represents younger Oorinseus.

under peering. acted in stilts that stalks before my Lord Mayor's pageants. also tinsel. but within they are stuffed full of browne paper and tow. and old sheets and for their bodies. from religious motives caused the giants used in the midsummer show "to be broken. gold. among other things. scaleboard. the pageant for the setting of the watch on John's eve was directed to consist of." and turne to a greate Marston." an- It was customary at Burford. tinued. dated in 1564.52 points . according to ancient cus- tom. and the giants were destroyed. an ordinance of the corporation of Chester. refers to "the gyant's Courtezan." but in 1601 another mayor revived the giants in that pageant. in Oxfordshire. nually on Midsummer eve to carry the picture or image of a giant up and down the town in a pageant. sleeves. and which were coloured . silver leaf. pasteboard. men to carry them two for shillings and sixpence giants were The materials nails. do quite fully discover derision. on the restoration of Charles Chester replaced them . buckram. the citizens of and the estimate of the cost of four great giants was five pounds each. and not to goe the devil in his feathers . in his comedy of the Dutch 1605. four giants. making the deal-boards. size-cloth. and of four a-piece. tinfoil. shirts. A pair of old sheets covered the father and . which the shrewd boyes. In the time of the Commonwealth the show was disconHowever. II. in 1599. GIANTOLOGT AND DWARFIANA. By St. paper. and different sorts of colours. Another manuscript says that the mayor.

the male lover. the giant Antigen rose out of the water. stopping the vessel. and three yards of huckram were pro- vided for the mother's and daughter's hoods. he pressed between two of his fingers the hand of Atvix. Ath. as for ages. The lady in despair ca^t herself into the river. Laborde. suppressed for about thirty years in the last centm-y. The pasteboard giants of Antwerp. the procession of the festival of St. 53 mother giants. and are still carried in great public processions. Lille. "With his thrust his sword into the arm of the giant. . About were fifty-four years before two lovers floating on a raft on the river Scheldt. Failing to get them. Anthony was anciently preceded by giants moved by men hidden within their bodies. asked in a voice of thunder for three bullocks. about which the following legend has been transmitted from generation to generation Christ. however. At Padua.GIAUT OF ANTWERP. who then ground the Hfe out of Atvix's body between his hands. are from twenty to thirty feet in height. The arms of Antwerp Castle are surmounted by two cut-off hands. They were. and again revived in 1798. and. sire to preserve the figures A de- may be inferred from an entry in the charges of one shilling and fourpence for arsenic to put in the paste to save them from being eaten by the rats. up and threw remaining hand Atvix took it it into the river. and was drowned. The giant so tightly that it fell off on to the raft. and other cities in the Low Countries. Douai. in Italy.

jump. the people of Magdeburg. A similar plan was adopted by all other continental cities. tells writiug in 1809. benefices Two were particularly founded in honour of them. of Valencia. bow. require the giants was deemed of sufficient importance to attention as to the means of perpetuating them . and it was the duty of the ecclesiastics who possessed these benefices to take care of them and of their ornaments.54' GIANTOLOGT AND DWAKFIANA. about the year 980. and in almost the imperial .. where they were deposited. and twist about. The people paid more The existence of attention to these gesticulations than to the rehgious ceremony which followed them. Men. and of an enormous fashion. erected a colossal statue to him in their court of judgment. covered with drapery falling on the ground. carried them at the head of the procession. in gratitude to that prince. signed for the expense of their In the time of the Emperor Otho II. size. particular revenues being astoilettes. making them dance. Their heads were made of pasteboard. consequently there was a considerable foundation in Valencia for their support. frizzed and dressed in the The wooden-framed bodies were dressed in and various ornaments. husbands. turn. They had a house belonging to them. altered accord- coats or robes ing to the prevailing fashions. sion of us that no proces- however little importance took place without being preceded by eight statues of giants of a prodigious height. Four of them represented the four and the other four their quarters of the world.

They were sometimes repre- sented as huge green men of savage appearance. " with an oaken plant plucked up by the roots in his hand. 1798. Giants appear not only to have figured in civic displays as types of power and protection. the prevailed. who used to devour the inkilled habitants of these places until he was by the patron saint of the same. says that at Dunkirk and Douai. to build up an immense figure of basket-work and canvas. is and is regarded as a type of municipal power. but also to have been regarded as the champions of private mansions on occasions of grand state in the days of primitive romance. and was in use among rites in question the ancient Gauls. in reference to the gigantic statue which enclosed a number of human victims. when properly painted and dressed. Milaer. which. The popular tradition was that this figure represented a pagan giant. forests. represented a huge giant. according to Laneham. on a certain holiday in the year. as also at other places. Such a savage of the either in pasteboard or wood. it had been an immemorial custom. where. 55 erected in the towns of Grermany a huge figure law-courts. it to who raised the same and caused certain move from place to place. in his History of Winchester. himself all fore- grown in moss and ivy. Dr. to the height of forty or fifty feet. and also contained within it a number of hving men.GIAUT AT KENILWOETH." welcomed Queen Elizabeth on her return from the chase to Kenilworth Castle in .

and they live in the folk-lore of every they country. GIANTOLOGY AND DWAKFIANA." That with his tahiesse seem'd to threat the Rabelais invented a giant named Gargantua. were two miniature representations of these domestic giants. horriWe and Me. At Grove House. Spenser. Cor- moran. teUs us of " An hideous giant. a mansion built certainly as early as 1580. Bunyan for his found the Giant Despair very useful in his story. in his Faery Queene. in Essex. and standing on the pediof household ments with which the balusters of the staircase were connected. and they remained the lares familiares of the house until the time of its demolition.56 1575. ferocity. Fingall. skie. Skrimmer. two feet six inches high. carved out of solid oak. Trapsaca. and other monsters of like size. skill.writers. King Arthur. Woodford. We have already noticed how much occupied the attention of the ancient authors. And the world of romance would be dull without Blunderbuss. GuUiver would not have enthralled us except adventures with giants and dwarfs. is One of them engraved in the Gentleman's Magazine for 1833. and The earliest form of the ancient popular nursery . and demolished in 1832. So much were these aU the relics antiquities valued that in it leases of the mansion was stipulated that they should not be as removed. Trandello. Giants have always been great favourites with fiction. and some of the most popular works in modern literature have had for their heroes these fabulous creations.

less fiery than he would Jack was naturally have been in consequence of his breakfasting on a great bowl of hasty-pudding. It is probable that fictions most of such domestic naiTative are of Teutonic origin. when. Jack's history. Both in tliis work and in Xiphi- line giants in the air and walking on the earth occur. fabled to belong to King Alberich and the other dwarfs of Teutonic romance. and at another time he wears the shoes of swiftness in which Loke escaped from YalhaUa. life. The deceived giant with a club (an ancient weapon of which giants were very fond. But overhearing Jack put a his entertainer threaten his billet into the bed in the stead of himself. for he was a Welsh giant. there came forth a monstrous giant with two heads. By reason of his present necessity. version. is At one time him invisible. little into and came to a large house in a lonesome place. and in due course retired to bed. according to the tells common money. 57 story of Jack the Griant-killer in western lore is probably that of Thor and the giant Skrimmer in the Edda of Snorro. travelled us that he. the great giganticide self in the Thor. to his amazement. having got a Flintshire. yet he did not seem monster was rendered so fiery as some This former giants. or cloudcloak. received into the giant's habitation. at another he robes him- coat which renders and which German Nebel-happe. who clad therein is the ancient became invisible. .JACK THE GUNT-KILLEE. he took courage to knock at the gate.

printed certainly as said to have reached to The story of Jack the Giant-killer was early as 1711. tell a story of Beeman. and which received the blows of a hammer in his stead. they were often killed) struck the this billet. where the ash Tghrasi heaven. an Eastern prototype of our Jack. and of his adventures in killing the rachsas or giants. A parallel to adventure found in the device practised by the Skrimmer when he and Thor visited the CasSkrimmer outwitted the other by tle of Utgaard. tale The is earliest form of the of Jack and the Beanstalk is found also in Edda. What would Jack have been without vanquishable giants ? . were created by the authors of romance for the sole purpose of displaying the prowess of their heroes. " Fe fi fo fum. Strutt says that giants. whose business it was to destroy them. but with which. however. I smeU the blood of a man. it antecedent to which time was only an oral legend that passed from generation to generation. is and Jack escaped. called Sunebal and the Ogress. one of the five Pandoos. placing an immense rock on the couch whereon Thor giant supposed he was sleeping. The antiquity of the legend may be guessed when we remember that the Pandoos are first mentioned in the Mahabharata. if not before.58 GIANTOLOGY AND DWAEFIANA. together with dragons and necro- mancers. The words used by the giant on discovering Jack." are simispoken by a giantess in a lar in effect to a couplet Mohammedan The Hindus story. written at least two hundred and forty years before Christ.

confines in a subaqueous prison a race of giants rebeUious spirits. and in a third the hair of the giant and the tail of a serpent which is twined round him. in the account of his trying to seize Tommy Trip the Bewick gives a vignette pubKshed in 1779. Wischnu. student. Acand cording to Hindii legend. by whom the earth had been sunk in the abyss of it. an In- dian goddess. quite as vain." written on the blank leaves of Mother Bunch's Tales " Then leave your Eobertsons and Bryants For Jack the murderer of giants Since all mythology profane Is quite as doubtful. represented^with ten arms. Djole. from which he dehvered Vishnu is somede- times represented as Balla E4ma. in a child's book Apropos of our reference above to the Hindii giants we may add is that Durga or Doorga. of whom. INDIAN GIANTS." The giant Woglog was a mythic hero. spear. the water-god. 59 We vice end his story by giving to our readers the ad- which Hannah More gave in " An Heroic Epis- tle. with In one piercing hand she holds a which she is the giant Muhisha. a hero livered the earth from giants. under the form of a boar. in another hand she holds a sword. The Brahmins say that Vishnu. who There is a tradition that the first man was created on the top of a high is mountain in Ceylon. the preserver of the universe.: . tore the entrails of the giant Erenniachessen. and there the shape of a .

tidings journing in his tents on the sea-shore of Britain came to him that a giant of wonderful size had come off Helen. Ashmole) of a Sir Gawaine. in a curious paper on such monsters. 1582. pubHshed about 1788. pretended to be the identical print of flou- Pomponius Mela. one GuiniGaynour. by which the world was were of huge tain. says " King Arthur was fifteen foote longe in the prime of his yers" (Ms. who was of Le- twelve feet long. The Chronicles of Great Brius that while Arthur was so- by John de Wavrin. Forman. and a conqueror of Dr. Graynore. land. written upon to believe that they stature. into the country from Spain. in height ver. is a dis- King Arthur was. says certain Indian tribes were of enormous stature. who rished about the year of the Christian era. a Spaniard.: 60 man's foot. about six feet in length. and carried and that nume- whom he had taken to the top of a moun- tain called St. . rous knights had followed him in order to recover . in Cornwall. Gwennor. which his foot. both a giant to old legendary giants. or a system of divine learning. contains Robinson's translation an account of the pretended moving of the bones of Arthur called and his queen. and he also tells us who was or twelve feet and a half and of an apocryphal queen. . GIANTOLOGY AND DWARFIANA. according story. cut out of the is rock. and their elephants as mounted we do our horses. In an Indian canonical work called Bagavadam. course on giants. Michael. between the years tell 1445 and 1455.

who received it on and in return aimed blood." . the damsel 61 but they had been defeated. Arno. in his contemporary account of Queen EHza- beth's visit to Kenilworth Castle ia 1575. and cut A similar accoimt of this affair is told in the Eulogium Historiarum. and he ac- cordingly climbed the mountain on which he lived. where he had challenged him to Ritho had defeated and slaughtered so many powerful kings that he had made a garment of their beards. The cannibal seized a his shield. Michael he had. He fire. with which he struck a blow at Arthur. at the giant's head with his sword. them had been hurled down from the mountain by the giant. and others had been devoured by him. according to the Chronicles of Idlled the giant B. Some of . found the inhuman giant warming himself by a and eating men whole. Previously to the by Arthur for the succour of Helen on Mount mountain of fight.KIKG ARTHUR ASD GIANTS. battle St. and drew fight In the ensuing off his head. so that the castle still of Kenelworth should seem Arthur's heirs to be kept by King their servants.itho in the Wavrin. great iron club. adds that " by this dumb-show Arthur it was meant that in the dales of King men were and of that stature. Arthur slew the giant. in which he was wont to wrap himself at great festivals. which also tells us of the birth of giants before the Deluge. Lane- ham. Arthur determined to fight the monster. after stat- iag that over the first gate of the castle stood six gigantic figures eight feet high.

. said to fried have dined every day on children. mere good-nature he MUed him by patting The giant of Trebiggan is him on on a the head. flat which rises in view of Michael's Mount. the ghosts wealth. Holibum of the Caim was watching a giant. replace them again. flat whom he rock outside his cave. when their race was dying out. and the mount was the " bob. met to play at " bob-buttons. and close to Lelant. was so pleased at the that in game made by a young peasant. Once. On the rocks inside the castle they sacrificed their vic- tims. after hav- ing had his fun. Among the Cor- the Spriggans. in the granite caverns of this where they still remain. who guard hidden In several parts of Cornwall there stiU exist huge rocks. guarded by the nish fairies are fairies. tells us that the traditions of giants are numerous in Cornwall." The throw was generally made from Trecrobben HiU. said to have been used by the giants when hurling or playing at athletic games. and sometimes. who he is said to have married a farmer's daughter. when some Cornishmen hurling. in Ms Popular Romances of the West of England. Michael's Mount often The Titans of Trecrobben and St. they buried their treasures hill. of the giants. In the days of the wars and troubles. His arms were so long that he would snatch the sailors from ships passing by the Land's End . The giants of Trecrobben hill dwelt in a castle on a St." on which huge slabs of rock served for the buttons.62 GIANTOLOGT AND DWAEFIAifA. Hunt.

in one night Being ill. the giant tiu in his castle. and twenty-four feet high. Tom.CORNISH GIANTS. copper. offered to marry him if he would fill a hole in the cliff at Chapel Forth with his blood sea. He could stand with one foot on St. but as the hole opened into the a victim to his in the cliff unknown to the giant. The giant Bolster. who. Agnes Beacon. trespassed on the territory of him with his club a young him with a wheel and an axle-tree. twenty feet broad. and naunance Perth other on still bears his name. and This generous giant figured for old guise-dances at Cornish fes- centuries in the tivals. He employed his wife in carrying hill. The giant of Groran dug the huge intrenchment there. Cam Brea HUls. The red visible shows where the deluge of blood once poured. and his unwieldy rival resided in a castle near St. lived on St the earth-work near Treve- Agnes Beacon HiU. who attacked — Tom fought courage. and eventually ran him through the body with the pole. 63 In the history of Tom and the giant Blunderbuss we are told that Tom was a lazy young giant. living near Hayle. . and removing blocks of granite from hiU to He fell in love with St Agnes. weary of his importunities. and the six miles apart. he called in a subtle doctor. . another hero. in driving a wagon fall of beer from market. stain still he fell love. elm-tree. Ives. As a reward for his fair fighting and the giant. left Tom all the gold.

64 but lie GIANTOLOGT AND DWARFIANA. during which time the giant was fishing for the salmon which had the property of ate the first piece of it giving to the person the gift of prophecy. he used to to his den. Mr. and was compelled to serve him for seven years. or Fuen-vic-Couil. P. Davies relates in Notes and Queries that when Fingall was young he fell into the hands of a giant. and broke the great his neck. the boats to his walk back and there devour the fishermen. medical man The kicked him over the and killed him. and was remarkable for a bull's-hide coat. and dug a pit for a vicious old giant at Morva. Jack drove the enchanter Pengerswick out of his castle. Jack the Tinkeard stories. Of both of these mythical giants numerous stories are told. Among legendary Irish giants we have FingaU. Patrick to Christianity. when the seven . or Ussheen. who At length. P. that the cliff. Wading girdle. promontory is stiU called the Dodman or the Deadcoast man. He Tom at singlestick. a curious gorge on the for near Portwreath. into which Jack's enemy fell. grew so weak at last. and taught him to draw a bow with his toes. and Ossian. The Cupboard. so as to kill hares and kids that were almost out of sight. who was converted by St. figures largely in the giant He was a fi-iend of that Tom who thrashed slew Blunderbuss. which was as tough as iron. who waited there wrecks and tie drifts. was once the cavern of the giant Wrath. out to sea.

with threats of instant destruc- tion if he allowed any accident to happen to fish before the fire it. However. when in difficulty or danger. who had heard of Fingall's fame. And meekest damsels To storm a giant's find it facile moated castle"). and on putting it into his mouth he was informed how to escape. Knowing that his master would kill him if he remained. Afterwards. but whenever Fingall was in danger of being caught. FingaU was informed by his thumb of this fact. and always afterwards. his thumb used to smart. he fled. and immediately he received the knowledge for which the giant had long toiled in vain. TEICK ON A GIANT. and gave to Fingall to roast. A morsel of the fish adhered to his thumb. the giant caught this it 65 fish. he attempted to press down the blister with his thumb. by a string. until at last he succeeded in putting out the giant's eyes and killing him. his thumb used to pain him and on putting knowledge how it into his mouth he always obtained to escape. but was soon pursued by the vengeance-breathing giant. but so that a blister rose on the side of it. determined to go and see which of them was the stronger. . his wife Oonagh (your legendary giant not infrequently " falls into love's snares. a Scottish giant. and feeling the smart caused by the burning fish. The chase was long. he put his injured member into his mouth.. Terrified at the probable consequences of his carelessness. years were past. and was much discomfited by it. FingaU hung the forgot to turn it.

and. He then asked Oonagh what was her husband's favourite feat of strength. seeing that Fingall's was so strong. breaking a bit of bread. She first baked some large cakes of bread. She then boiled several gallons of it. She then dressed her husband as a baby. and made whey of and collected the curd into a mass. By this time the Scotch giant had arrived. child could Oonagh thereupon persuaded mouth child to feel its teeth. . and serving the whey in a huge vessel. fell which he squeezed. and some drops of whey from it. but find- ing he could not. and put him into a cradle. She then placed the bread and whey before the griddle in giant. Oonagh off kissed her pseudo it baby. him and to put his finger in its as soon as he did so Fingall bit The giant. he said he was not hungry. it off. got him out of the difficulty by the following expedient.66 GIANTOLOGY AND DWAEFIAKA. Oonagh in reply said her husband was out. pressed it from his do Oonagh laughingly the said a child could this feat. milk. taking care to give him the cake which had the it. She said he sometimes amused himself by squeezing water out of a stone lying near the door. gave to him The amazed giant asked whether the eat such hard bread. and asked to see Fingall. putting into the largest the griddle or iron-plate used in the process. at same time handing her husband a lump of curds. The giant made an attempt to eat this food. The giant thereupon took until the blood started it up and fingers. and requested the visitor to wait until he should return. to eat.

six galloped to the north. Earl of the Orkney Islands. when they had finished which they tore the web into twelve pieces. and made desolate the surrounding country. of Dublin. in Scot- land. and a considerable sistance of body of troops. and the giantess up a huge fragment of rock and . who was then making war on his father-in-law. they were all employed about a loom. at a distance a full number of persons on horse- back riding enter into speed towards a hiU. Brian. Brian king The earl and all his forces were cut to and Sygtryg was in danger of a total defeat but the enemy had a greater loss by the death of pieces. who dwelt on the rock of Carrigogunnel. until looking through an opening in the rocks he saw twelve gigantic figures resembling women. went with a fleet of ships. and as they wove they sang a dreadful song. the who fell in the action. One Regan at length extinguished this fatal light. GIANTESS GRANA. but decamped In the eleventh century Sigurd. and every night she . did not wait for forthwith. and as the south. day of the saw battle. into Ireland.. its 67 father's return. to the as- Sygtryg with the silken beard. and seeming to it. many to Another of the Irish monsters was the giantess Grana. Curiosity led him to follow them. lit order to lure victims to destruction ing-place was hence her dwellthe known tore as the Eock of Candle. On Christmas-day. and each taking her portion. a native of Caithness. She was a a candle in frightful hag.

. but harmless. and deeply imprinted in are be seen the marks of the hag's fingers. remains far taller than the tallest man. it fell flung after him. it is The stone. however. and she was never seen afterwards.. 6o GIANTOLOGT AND DWAEFIANA. the power of forty it men still could not to move it.

in other words. and the growth takes place more is richer. points to the fact that intense cold and dry heat tend alike to dwarf the population . the natives near the pole are dwarfs com- pared with the inhabitants of the temperate zone. and nourishment better. diminutive.CHAPTEK IV. fatigue. . the comfort more general. Ostiacks. in proportion as the country clothes. houses. Men living by the sea-coast and in level countries are larger in their stature than the inhabitants of mountainous regions. Samoiedes. Kamtchadales. and stint human nature. Virey. The In Lapps. a moist temperate climate being better than either. other circumstances being equal. in the Dic- tionnaire des Sciences MMicales. that human height becomes rapidly. . labour. are fact. and privation during infancy and youth less or. the circumstances accompanying misery post- pone the period of the complete development of the body. and Esquimaux. all Koriacks. — — — — — — Mankind Peruvian Giants Patagonians First Patagonia— Magellan Pigafetta Sir Francis Sir Thomas Cavendish— Tumei^-Van Noort Dutch — — — — — — — — — — ViLLEKME remarks greater. Human Height—Comparisons—Early Germans— Changes in Stature of Voyage's to Drake Travellers— French Travellers—Tarrubia^ Spanish Travellers Byron WalUs Carteret Patagonian Skeleton and Archbishop of Lima Captain Bourne The Patagonians of this day described Ladrone Islands ChUoe Giant Angling.

Hegesippus says. The most and the stunted tribes are at least four feet high. English are a little Prussians. as they —the gipsies of the have been called —are the smallest races of men that we are acquainted with. " Quid adversus Germannostra brevitas potuisset ?" taU men). being Englishmen an inch taller and rather more in excess of average Frenchmen. Livy and Pliny say that the Germans and Gauls were taller than the Greeks and Eomans. owing climates. is more temperate The average height of about five feet seven than average Belgians. in Italians. their average height seldom exceeding four feet or four feet five inches.70 GIANTOLOGY AND DWARFIANA. Danes. " Germani magnitudine . The ac- counts and ancient nations bodies. There is no great diiference in the ordinary standard. and from them to the Patagonians we have aU the intermediate variations. Livonians. Frenchto their living men. monuments of antiquity agree that the Germans were distinguished above aU other by their height and the largeness of their Columella says. and the Bushmen interior of Africa. " Germaniam natura de- coravit altissimorum has hominum exercitibus" (Nature made Germany remarkable for armies of very Vegetius says. The Esquimaux. and Spaniards. than Austrians. orum proceritatem (What tall could our under-sized men have done against the Germans?). —the Guayaquilites —do not exceed taller six feet and a and The Poles. well-formed inches. and the tallest races of America people of Paraguay half.

rather increases than diminishes the relations and that by historians of gigantic nations of first have originated in the impressions of small men men when brought stature. which beings of the present day. lieving that the size of the whole. and now preserved in the arsenals of Germany. four thousand years ago. into the presence of those of superior The mummies brought from Egypt. 71 validiores corporum et contemtu mortis ceteris (The Grermans are superior to other nations by the largeness of their bodies and their contempt of death). are at least three thousand years old. " in the less human and race . taken in its . or strange organic mis- and we have no reliable accomits of a race of giants ever having existed. Silbermaun. men were human not taller than Indeed. a contemporary French writer. from the earliest remains of antiquity reaching back to the times. there are some reasons for berace. they were always takes of nature . The truth of these testimonies is confirmed by the armour used in former days. the stature is Pliny says. concludes that the average height of the human race has remained unchanged since the Chaldean epoch. It was long thought that the Patagonians were . might notices easily be worn by It is plain which historians have given of giants that rarities." STATURE OF GERMANS. are no larger than human and the from the armoiu: which has been dug out of ancient graves us." almost daily becoming less but it is now a matter of almost certainty. that in the old days ourselves.

but it is now a matter of certainty. a mendacious writer. in his history of . Cook. de la Vega. eight. In old travels they were found to be mighty men. the Indians retired to the mountains tmtil the flood to should subside . that there nothing extraordinary in the height of the natives. Those who first visited South America saw many things which have greatly diminished in later times. Pigafetta mentions an individual Patagonian. and others. many. also The guides of Barbenias showed him many marks upon a rock. and driving the Having continued in their hiding-places many years. this country a deluge having laid Peru under water. of enormous stature.72 GIANTOLOGT AND DWAEFIANA. Forster. men of an enormous who attacked them with great ferocity. nine. and that when they came down the plain again they found there stature. which they GarcUasso believed to be the remains of the giants. they saw in the air a young man who destroyed the giants by thunderbolts. Barbenias was told by the inhabitants of that. Carteret. and ten feet high. Similar statements are found in the voyages of Byron. and the assertions of the old men voyagers on the point were positive. and also many bones of an extraordinary size. and thus restored to them the possession of their countr)'. Wallis. killing rest to the caves of the rooks. but now they have diminished into stalwart fellows about six feet in height. from the recent is visits to Patagonia. who was so tall that ordinary men hardly reached to his waist. which they said were impressed by the thunderbolts. For instance.

or Magellan. 73 Peru. according to a tradition universally received. made a horrible roar- ing noise more like buUs than human creatures . relates that. food as would be suffi- cient for fifty ordinary After committing most brutal vices. So much having been written about the Patagonians. in 1519 or 1520. were so nimble light of foot that none of the Spaniards or Por- tuguese could overtake them. with a company of giants on board. and barbarous. Bones of an amazing which if size. The head of one of . with aU their mighty bulk. it may be weU perhaps for us to add a summary of some them. brated Spaniard Magalaes. by a wild sort of people they were of a prodigious stature. a number of vessels came to Point St. and and yet. they were destroyed by divine vengeance. that their eyes were as broad as the bottom of a plate. are said to have been found in this country. When they came a- shore they dug deep pits in the rock. their limbs proportionately large. Helena. and fragments of they had been whole must have weighed half a pound. of a stature so enormous that the natives of the country and vrere not higher than their knees. and each one of them consumed as much men. teeth. the Chevalier Pigafetta. fierce. Harris's abridgment of this relation states fell that the explorers in with a country inhabited .PERUVIAN GIANTS. and chronicled by his historian. of the many accounts given of They are for first mentioned in the account of a undertaken by the cele- voyage new discoveries.

. the naturalist. Magellan's middle-sized men reached only to the waist of one of the giants. the Patagonian must but this is have been nine feet high at least . by Andreas Thevet. The Patagonians are next mentioned count of the voyage of Sir Francis Drake stature does not appear to have ascertained. in an ac- but their been particularly By Sir Thomas Cavendish's voyage and rude they were discovered to be very wild creatures. Assuming the former man to have been only five feet six inches in height. reckoning would give about seven stature. whom measured twelve is The statement of Turner to supported III.. who in his DescripAmerica^ published at Paris in 1575. tells us that he was shown by a Spanish merchant the skeleton of a South American man. cosmographer tion of Henry king of France and Portugal. one of feet in height. and a half for their Turner. the measure of the foot of one of them being eighteen inches in feet length.' the Spanish patagon is a large clumsy foot.74 GIANTOLOGY AND DWAEFIANA. or their was five seven feet six inches. to Another writer teUs us that the name given them means great ' feet . which. by the usual proportion. and he was proportionately big. then not many years dead. . and of a gigantic race. a race of very gi- gantic naked savages. on the Brazil coast. incon- sistent with Harris's statement that Magellan gave the people the stature name of Patagonians because cubits. states that he saw near the river Plata.

Sebald de Weert. and the leg-bones were three feet four inches long. described some of his countrymen at the Straits of as being ten or twelve feet high. PATAGONIAN GIANTS. traveller. a Dutchman. and found inches in length . another Dutch who touched Magellan in 1598. and also graves containing bodies of the ordinary size and some of the savages appeared feet high. saw George Spilbergen. says the savages there were ten or eleven feet in height. which he measured. and cotdd easily tear up by tlie roots trees which were a span in diameter. who portly visited Patagonia between 1598 and 1601. and which were from fourteen to sixteen spans high . fleet in to be less le than six Maire's A commissary on board some sepulchres Jacob 1615 affirmed that he had measured the bones in in South America. He also frequently by people of saw at who was thirteen spans in Oliver van Noort. men of gigantic stature. 75 to be eleven feet five the skull was three feet one inch in circumference.. but a native boy. in his voyage there. of men and that they were between ten and eleven feet long. Nodal and Sir Eichard Hawkins say gonians were a head taller that the Pata- than the inhabitants of . Brazil a Patagonian youth height. The subject died in 1559. and he saw tracks in the sand which must have been left nearly the same stature. whom Van Noort captured and brought away in his ship. describes the inhabitants as tall men. Knivet says that at Port Desire he measured several dead bodies which had been buried there.

saw giants in PosBay several times. to have been no bigger than the their size could and several utensils that from have been used only by giants. on the conwere tall. Frezier says he was told on the coast of OhiK that the Indians living inland feet high. are stories adduced as evidence in confirmation of the the of huge height of the people. session who commanded French vessels.' 76 Europe. endeavoured to prove the existence of giants in Patagonia. feet high. were nine Reaveneau de Lussan says that the natives of Chili were of enormous bulk and stature. Gianthologia. say that they but not gigantic. but also from Indian antiquities discovered in the world. the shortest of whom was was not under nine about eleven feet. The author states that he had conversed with several Spaniards who had seen monstrous men as they happened to stray from their wild retreats verging towards the Straits of Magellan. It is also related that the soldiers. Narborough and L'Hermite. American which are afHrmed life. and surprisingly active. and they were described as being nine or ten feet high. pub- P. Joseph Tarrubia. In 1704 Captains Harrington and Carman. their looks pleasant and . by his lished at Madrid in 1761. consisting South Americans had a body of of about four hundred men. GIANTOLOGT AND DWAEFIANA. and the tallest Their features were regular. strong in proportion to their size. their limbs exactly proportioned. not only from the concurrent testimony of all antiquity in the old world. new The monstrous stature of several of the South idols. trary.

proved that the people there were at least five feet seven inches. of feet seven inches high. 77 and their speech was clear and sonorous.: PATAGONIAN GIANTS. They are prodigious. women. it. as ever I and as weU and proportionably made people in saw my life . in 1764. I eight" run from seven and a half to Dom Pemety's voyage in 1766 to the Falkland Islands. the believe. who very could but just reach the top of one of their heads. French measure. on the coasts of Patagonia. I think. The writer says . affable. whom but the general stature was Captain Carte- from five feet ten inches to six feet. the tallest were six measured Patagonians. if they is The commodore. when born were of the usual Byron. were nearly The Annual Register for 1768 gives an account of some very taU men seen near the Straits of Magellan in 1764. " They are of a copper colour. and the there were several than he on whom experiment was tried. certainly nine feet. saw in South America a chief who was not less than seven feet high. Their women were not above six feet and a half high. . in height. was hardly a men as man there our Euless than most of them considerably more. which he attempted on taller tip-toe . and their children size of infants. in 1766. Captain WaUis. stout. with long black hair and some of them are do not exceed near six feet. The women. bear much the same proportion to the there ropeans do eight feet. and others as tall.

Lord Monboddo. relates that a French ship brought from that country a skeleton of one of them. The result seems to be that the height of the people . who strenuously contended that a race of giants did exist in Patagonia. account of his voyage to the Straits of Magellan tells in 1766 us that the Patagonians were all from six feet to six feet five inches in height. The stature of the Patagonians was measured with great accuracy by some Spanish the officers in 1785-6. The Gentleman^ s Magazine sailor May 1797 gives us a fancy sketch of a giving a Patagonian woman some biscuit for her child. twelve and but the vessel happening to be overtaken by a violent storm. and the tallest man was inch and a quarter. and having the Spanish Archbishop of Lima on board. were six feet seven inches . and a few that. and they became the theme of a very Hvely dispute among learned men. and by Buffon.78 ret's GUNTOLOGT AND DWAEFIANA. The existence of the in question tall Patagonians was called Sloane. the that the storm ecclesiastic declared was caused by the bones of the pagan then a part of the cargo. and he insisted on having the skeleton thrown into the sea. when they found seven feet one for common height to be from six feet and a half to seven feet. in the last century. in which the relative proportions are very striking. in a Letter a Friend in the Country. Sir Hans others. measuring between thirteen feet long. Frazer. but none were above In 1766 Horace Walpole wrote a humorous piece entitled An to Account of the Giants lately discovered.

like the North-American Indians. and its hair protects the artificial head. 79 was much exaggerated. The only standard of height. little were at least a head taller is than myself.PATAGONIAN GIANTS. high cheek-bones. coarse. They exhibit enormous strength whenever their consti- they are sufficiently aroused to shake tutional laziness and exert it. They have broad shoulders. and this fact is farther evidenced by the testimony of Captain Boume. the hair covering them nearly to the eyes. the whole figure and making an impression sons of Anak is like that which the first view of the the children recorded to have made on off" of Israel. large. whom they it is also resemble in their complexion. measurement I had was about five feet ten inches. He " In person they are appear absolutely gigantic. Thick. generally black or of a dark brown. on first sight they They are taller than any other race I have seen. They have large heads. my own which the is I could stand very easily all under the arms of many of them. eyes ftdl. and men feet. who resided among them about the year 1849. though expressive of but stiff" inteUi- gence. abundance making any covering . their average nearly six and a half height I shotdd think and there were specimens that could have been less ftiU than seven feet high. though it is impossible to give any accurate description. chests. and well-developed frames muscular and air finely proportioned. though Their foreheads are a shade or two darker. broad but low. little and brilliant.

their features light up with unexpected intelligence and animation . It is worn long. their mouths were with hot pudding. ofi" where he found Indians nine or ten .. large. heavy and speak in guttural tones —the worst guttural I ever heard much as if filled with a muttering. so as to hang in two folds over the shoulders and back." Captain Cowley in a voyage to one of the Ladrone Islands. in 1683. Their teeth are gene- rally beautiful. but on inspection there flashes is a gleam of low cunning that is .— 80 superfluous... to have fomid there is said some inhabitants seven is feet and a half high . but not disproportionate to their They have deep. the coast of Chili. The women are proportionably smaller than the men. sound. the Patago- nians take great pride in the proper disposition and effective display of their hair. of Captain George Shelvock's voyage in 1719 to the Island of Chiloe. through this dull mask. told in a dubious way. Feet and hands are total bulk. As also is another. over which it flows in ample Like more civilised people. only at- tractive and civilised feature of their persons. and increasingly discernible on acquaintance with them when excited or engaged in any earnest business that calls their faculties into full exercise. GIANTOLOGT AM) DWAEFXAiTA. but is sometimes bound over the temples luxuriance. and white —about the voices. indistinct articulation. Their closer countenances are generally stupid. but this a doubtful story. and rather inclined to embonpoint. far distant fi-om Patagonia. generally divided at the neck. by a fillet.

" . These people were twelve feet high or thereabouts. One passage in this poem runs as follows " His angle-rod made of a sturdy oak. which gave an account of certain hairy giants inhabiting two islands in the South Sea. And sat upon a rock and bobb'd for whale. a physician at Worcester. .." printed in to Dryden's Miscellany. 81 But even these travellers' tales are outdone by one published in 1671. and discovered by Henry Schooten. His line a cable that in storms ne'er broke His hook he baited with a dragon's tail. and it was reprinted in 1766. who flourished in 1685. M. The description of them was translated into English by " P. but said have been written by Daniel Kenricus. It may be that some of these legends inspired the conlines temporary " Upon a Giant angling. respectively called Bengana and Comse." and published in 1671. feet high.: HAIEr GIANTS.

^his golden vest Eollo or Eolf the Ganger Giant King of Norway Guy Earl of Warwick Colbrand Eelios of Guy at Warwick Castle Funnam Nicholas Kieten Ireland and Giants Sir Eiohard Herbert Giant of Bordeaux Giant Fleming Hans Braw Aymon Baron Benteurieder Trick by Dwarf on Giant Long Meg of Westminster Huge Armour in Tower PhUargyrie Giants and Dwarf in the Tower Giants in May-games Flemish Giant Queen Elizabeth's Giant Porter Middleton. ascertained from ancient Welsh manu- scripts and the Triads that the person here buried was BenUi. a skuU of greater than *the usual size. depth was a At the lower it were found some a. lived Benlli Gawr. at shire.— CHAPTER Benlli the Giant V. The and late Dr. and two or three hundred amber beads. bright corslet. — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — In the year 500 Giant. Owen Pughe. the Cornish Giant Giant Girl Jacob Damman Several Giants mentioned by Physicians and Travellers. now called Mold. lected his warriors is stiU called In 1833 the overseer of the highways in those parts caused a tumulus to be removed in order to obtain materials with which to mend part of the roads. or Benlli the in Flintcol- Yr "Weyddgrug. large bones. which is now in the British . its it being supposed that this tumrdus from gravel-pit. The corslet. hill The upon the summit of which he Moel BenUi. the celebrated antiquary historian. the child of Hale Giant Piedmontese Tartar Giant Dutchmen of strange statures Shakespeare and Giants ^Ascapart ^Antony Payne.

or the Field of the Goblin. Guy Earl of . of leather. returning from the Holy Land in the habit of a pilgrim. and is is called the Lorica or Golden Vest. a leader of the Danes in the ninth century. The Heimshnngla eight Harold Hardrada. and therefore he was obliged always hence the addition to his name. and a story is current that a man of gigantic stature. at a time distress for a when Athelstan was in great champion to fight Colbrand. and the Danes yielded the victory hermit's cell near . fought the giant near Winchester. 83 Museum. and there ended his days. and killed him. Hollo or Eolf. was five feet ells. This romantic story is very pompously told by Dray- . The field in is which it was found. eased with thin fine gold of most beau- tiful workmanship.Warwick. with a breastplate or vest of gold. who reigned from 925 to we read of that prodigjr of valour.EOLF THE GANGER. more than EngKsh In the 941. who on behalf of the Danes had challenged any person the field. and who married the daughter of Charles the Simple. STirnamed the Ganger or Walker. while Guy privately retired to a Warwick. is said to have been too tall and heavy for any horse to carry. whom the king should bring into Guy accepted this challenge. life of Athelstan. and that many persons have been much firightened at his appearance. known by the name of the Cae Ellyllion. may be seen standing upon the site of the tumulus at night. states that the stature of to travel on foot.. near to the town of Mold. the king or of Norway. a monstrous Danish giant.

act i. and is is mentioned by Brompton. feet long. and said to weigh three hundred pounds. An old couplet says " There's nothing left of Talbot's name But Talbot's pot and Talbot's Lane. helmet. and is really a military instrument of the time of Henry to the VIII. act v. It and is.: : 84 ton in GIANTOLOGY AND DWABFIANA. for in former times it was caUed Talbot's pot. -writers. and other learned Col- brand named Or els so in the old : romance of The Squyr of Lowe Degre " as follows doughty of my honde In King John. Ms PolyolUon. to contain one hmidred and twenty gallons. Eobert Bigsby. his porridge-pot. and six feet long. to mow them down before me. that same mighty man ?" In Henry VIII. As was the gyeunte Syr Colbronde. and walking-staff. sc. Dr. sword. and was used to prepare junkets for the retainers of the Earls of Warwick. a garrison crock or caldron of the six- teenth century. Philip says : " Colbrand the giant. is six The porridge-pot is composed of beU- metal. sc. The armour could not have belonged ." Shakespeare also refers to this hero. 1. breastplates. It does not appear that this brazen vessel has always been known as the giant hero's porridge-pot. nor Colbrand. flesh-fork." Castle are preserved At Warwick relics of some so-called Guy Earl of Warwick." The flesh-fork is of iron. the porter's man says "I am not Samson. 3. They consist of shield. tilting-pole. in fact. nor Sir Guy.

and not for a man. which. ing about 1552. with a salary of twopence a day. Gough. and performed in the sixteenth century at taverns and such-like places of public amusement. in his ad- . was a perfect monster. in our boyhood. writthese animals urus. in Islington. and was made for a horse. EAEL OF WARWICK. Cais. being six yards in length. A rib-bone of this terrible animal is also exhibited at the castle. in his Pennilesse Pilgrimage.GUY. a boar which Guy is reputed to have slain and he is also credited with having killed a green dragon. and four yards in height. which said to be the one with Guy vanquished a dun to a cow on Dunsmore Heath. also preserved the tusk There are and blade-bone of . and another a poitrel. the water poet. legendary Guy. with large sharp horns and fiery eyes. an extinct species of buffalo. tells us that he saw the play represented at the Maidenhead. belongs to the time of Henry is VIIL The sword. but belonged to an Dr. weighing twenty pounds. yeo- man of the buttery. according black-letter story-book of the sixteenth century. Taylor. in 1618. weighing thirty pounds." Henry VIIL was granted by patent reign of the custody of Guy's sword to William Hoggenson. The shield. says : " The horns of at the table were in common use feasts. The romance of Guy was dramatised by an old playwright. One breastplate is the croupe of a suit of is horse armour. in lieu of on more solemn In the cups. for it is 85 of comparatively modern manufacture. but unfortunately for the story it is not a cow's bone at all.

Ireland has sent several giants to England. king of Scotland. a man of Yrelond borne. lived a Scotchman. His shoe was so large that four men together could put their feet into too terrified to look his presence. feet high. Pritchard. Camden.: 86 ditions to GIANTOLOGY ASD DWAEFIAlfA. says in his Histwy of ManMiid " In Ireland men of uncommon stature are often seen. ChUdren were him tall in the face.. named Punnam. says : "The it story of to Guy is so obscured by fable that its is difficult ascertain authenticity. his arms like children. ants from the We can hardly avoid peculiariiy the conclusion that there must be some in Ireland which gives rise to these phenomena. whose prodigious that he carried little size was so men under it. stature liarities who was of opinion that peculiarities of might be in some measure owing to pecu- of climate. and fled from In an account of Lambeth Mss. He was the hero of succeeding Earls of Warwick." In the time of Eugene II." . certainly before 1149. who was over eleven In the thirteenth century there was a giant in HoUand. and even a gigantic form and stature occur there much more same frequently than in this island: yet all the British isles derived their stock of inhabitsources. we read men preserved among the of " Long Mores." Dr. and servaunt to King Edward the iiij*'' (1461-1483). in some remote period. vi foote and x inches and a half. named Nicholas Kieten.

SIR Fuller. Merula says that in 1538 he saw in France a Fleming who exceeded nine feet in height Keysler. were the pictures of some natives of that country of an extraordinary height. commonly Bordeaux. suite." Joh. he had joined the king's life became tired of the of a court. One was Hans Braw. who was drawn in 1550. where he was seen by Francis 1547). and commanded The man. in the Tyrol. and. says called the Giant of man. running away from his duties. 1580.. Cassanio relates that returned to his native place. which no man of an ordinary height can reach with his hand at this day. lived at the former place. 87 tells in Ms us that Sir Eichard Herbert. castle of tells us that at the Ambras. and who is said to have killed one hundred and forty men also to in one day. of France (1515that after who much admired him. in the account of his travels in the middle of the eighteenth century. EICHAED HERBERT. Worthies of Monmouthshire. " is reported he of a giant's stature. of who lived in the reign Edward IV. this giant he had been assured by reliable persons who had seen when he was an archer of the guards that he was of so great a stature that a man of ordinary size might walk upright between his legs when they were astride. in Aquitania. Cassanio. the peg being extant to in Moxmtgomery at Castle whereon he used hang his hat dinner. in his that a peasant De Gigantihus. he should become one of his guards. he then being in the fifty-eighth year of his . I.

and not attain any great age. to the Archduke He was eleven feet in and did not live much above his fortieth year. same time in Ferdinand's As Aymon frequently bantered the dwarf on his diminutive figure. only three spans high. The dwarf in and while the mean time crept under the duke's chair." Near the high.88 age. The famous Baron Benteurieder. "was borne. the latter privately desired the duke that when gloves and order at table he would drop one of his Aymon to take it up. height. woman named wooden TaU who was little short of eleven feet Against a wall in the castle stood the image of Aymon. was " not inferior to Grohath. of very honest and wealthy parents. He was twelve feet high. travelling near Ambras some years before Keysler wrote. an imperial minister. measured himself against the wooden giant. but hardly reached up to his armpits. to Braw's portrait hung one of a Spinster. representing a dwarf who lived court. a maid called for her excesse in height Long Meg : for she did not onely passe aU the rest of her country in the length . Aymon was blow on the company. stooping for the glove he gave him a face. who belonged Ferdinand's body-guards. GIASTOLOGY AND DWAEFIANA. At Aymon's at the side stood another wooden image. to the great diversion of all the In the reign of Henry VIII. and. whose stature is with great appearance of justness estimated at twelve feet and something above eight inches English measure. also did who was Castle eight feet eight inches high. as Keysler adds.

with and in several chapters. not onely in divers ruffians about London work to : but also how valiantly she behaued her selfe in the warres of Bolloingne. The registers of the Stationers' ComJohn pany show that on February 14th. beat a carrier on bailifi" the way. merrily skirmished with a Spanish knight. got mad pranks with a waterman of exploits with Lambeth. and did other strange denish prowess. hoy- Long before the date of her pamphlet-biography celebrated in song and drama. to which Meg was then popular means of appealing to the sympathies of the rude multitude her roystering proclivities were exactly suited. his 1594.LONG MEG OF WESTMINSTER." So says a curious pamphlet or chap-book pubhshed in 1635. Danter entered for copy a ballad entitled TJie madd merye called pranckes of Long Megg of Westminster. used a vicar and a of Westminster. that she seemed the picture and shape of some and tall man cast in a woman mould. beat the French married. played at Boulogne." This apocryphal tion to detail relates. of her proportion. and it may be that when Danter made the above-named entry in the books of the Stationers' Company he did so in anticipation of a . fought with thieves. but euery limbe was so fit 89 to her tabesse. Henslowe's Diary records under the same date a play Long Meg . entitled containing the " TJm Life of Long Meg of Westminster: mad merry pranks she played in her performing sundry quarrels with lifetime. much attenhow Meg came up from the country London.

As long as a crane And feet like a plane. or a New Praise of the Old Asse. that the Amends for play o? Long Meg (now was then popular at the Fortune Theatre. the characters in his which was performed before the court on January 9th. Ben Jonson makes one of masque of the Fortunate Isles. lished in 1632. and decorum. manuscript copy of the comedy whicli he hoped to procure. and. keeping as she did side. which stood between Whitecross-street and Golding- Golden) lane. say " Or Westminster Meg. if an infamous house on Southwark we may pub- believe a rare tract entitled Hollands Leaguer. But a proverb further indignity was of reserved for our heroine.— 90 GIANTOLOGY AND DWAEFIANA. or intendmg to have a ballad written upon the subject by some poetaster in his service. whose abnormal stature was quoted in a common — " As long as Meg . 1624. and was burnt down the last-mentioned date. With a pair of heels As broad as two wheels . tliree years after Gabriel Harvey. With her long leg. writes about teUs us that she fact Long Meg. which knew some rules of makes us the more regret her culpabiHty of conduct in committing so much assault and battery." which is anything but a flattering reference to the lower limbs of a lady. in his Peirce's Supererogation. It appears from a passage in Nat Field's Ladies. worse than all. 1600. . produced in 1618.

Fuller says that this was as long. Be- have read in the records of the abbey of an year. which .LONG MEG OF "WESTMINSTER. had great height without propor- tionable breadth. buried in one grave. It is we doubt correctness of his surmise. probably in under this marble monument. the With much respect for this historian. 91 in his —wMch It is cited by Fuller Wor- 1651. 1670. says Fuller . and entire a marble as ever he beheld . 'Westminster" thies. where a huge stone was long pointed out to holiday visitors as her grave-stone. and he adds. commonly called Long Meg. and in troublesome times brought to it Westminster. Meg's fame was not merely Salkeld. that the proverb given above probably related to a great gun lying in the Tower. and were this place. where for a good while continued. is local. for at Little a Druid's temple. large. It is said that this terrible tall virago Meg was burled in the south side of tie cloisters of West- minster Abbey. near Penrith. especially if they was applied to very taU persons. more likely that the adage was an exfohation of that legendary lore of persons which the sixteenth and seventeenth century people so well cherished. and by Kay in his Collection of English Proverbs. wherein all infectious many monkes died of the plague." That there ever was such a giant-woman cannot be proved by any good witness. " but be it known and his that no woman in that age was interred in the cloisters appropriated to the sepultures of the abbot sides I monkes.

dressed in the garb of a . in romance tells of The Tower of London. not two feet high. and it is also stated to have been worn by John of Gaunt. The sword and Li 1551 was written by Robert Crowley ''The Fable of Philargyrie. which said to have been made for a man seven feet in height. and a that of the look of swelling importance rivalling frog in the fable. the eldest of the scale.92 has GIANTOLOGT ASO DWAEFIANA. on a large sire. brothers. the Britain. of his royal trast. of stone. Og. named by stature. in the fourteenth century. three. under date 1553. family being huge blocks In the Tower armoury is a suit of armour of the is time of Henry YIIL. By their side. as if for the sake of con- with an immense halbert in his hand. from their extraordinary Og. was the exact image. Harry the Eighth. and how all the same is wasted to contente his greedy gut wythall. claiming direct descent from the late monarch. Duke of Lancaster. and yet he rageth for honger. many years been called this interesting Long Meg and her'' Daughters. Great Giant of Great what houses were builded and lands ap- pointed for his prouisions." but from its We have not seen this work. Gog. think that it title meant as a satire we incline to on Henry VIIL his was Ainsworth. who. stood a diminutive but fiiU-grown being. were nicktheir companions. and Magog. Gothic us that "its arched gigantic doorway was guarded by three warders. lance are of enormous size.

how Xit conquered a monkey. where he was placed in the fi'agment of a blanket. been stated. how he discovered the secret of his birth. the " Hot-Grospeller. was a constant attendant upon the giants. Thrown thus upon as has his compassion. and how he found Cicely. how he went a-wooing. who. and was worsted by a bear. how Xit was placed in a basket. probably out of ridicule. and how he was wedded to the "scavenger's daughter." endeavoured to convert them. — had been found. how Magog became ena- moured of a buxom widow. how he was imprisoned in the Constable Tower. when an and scarcely bigger than a thumb. though others active AH the giants were Magog exceeded the by an inch. page. 93 This mannikin. how Magog nearly lost his supper. Xit — for so was the dwarf named infant. how his beard was burnt." how he escaped from the Constable Tower. one morning at Og's door. a constant attend- ant and playmate — or." nearly eight feet high. which tells us how Underbill. plaything of himself and his brethren. and how he prospered in his suit. and he became. had a malicious and ill-favoured countenance.— GIANTS IN THE TOWEE. the good-humoured giant adopted the tiny foundhng. and how he was kicked upon how Magog gave his dame a lesson. These giants and dwarf take parts in the Master Edward romance. more properly. besides his pigmy figure. and how he was knighted . and an endless source of diversion to them. how Og hung Xit upon a hook in a wall. with a shock head of yeUow hair. the ramparts.

He was seven the feet six inches in height. representing Queen Elizabeth's gigantic porter in a Spanish dress. he being nine feet three inches high. title under the of Sir Narcissus le Grand. John Middleton. a painting by F. 1569. dressed . in his Origines of the Emperor AntwerpianaB. who was sheriif of Lancashire in 1620. in the year 1572 or 1578. in Lancashire. there was a with. saw a youth nearly nine and a woman and a man The almost. physician to the Charles V. and of the entertainment given by him on the occasion to his old friends at the Kitchen. In the chapelry of Hale. 1555. quite. and what happened at it.. his extraordinary strength who was remarkable and largeness of for stature.the Child of Hale. giants. Stone Strype in his Memorials introduced into tells us that giants were May games. Martin's-in-the-Field's among other amusements. game in St. was bom. of his wedding with Jane the Fool.. in fact men on Johannes Goropius sister Becanus. and a native of Low Countries. took him to London. commonly called . and introduced him to James I. and that on May 26th. Zucchero. man Kved within a few miles of the author's own residence in Flanders. attests feet. At Hampton Court is Palace. and that he De Gic/antomachia. ten feet in height. It is tradi- tionally reported that Sir Gilbert Ireland of Hale. in the guard-chamber.94 GIANTOLOGY AND DWAEFIANA. which were stilts.

as said. was twenty-four inches broad. who was nine feet high. Child of Hale. in his just proportions) true piece of him. written about 1828. James I." Dr. in 1572. says that at that time a full-length portrait of Middleton. 1686. commonly called the Child of Hale." Martin del Rio says that he saw a Piedmontese at Rouen. From his elbow middle finger. at Oxford. from his wrist to the end of his middle finger. in the county of Lane: whose hand from the carpus dle finger to the end of his midhis was seventeen inches long.THE CHILD OF HALE. aged 56. Plot. I. a Pole. wanting but palm eight inches and a half broad. six inches of the height of GoKah. was stiU preserved The painting was inscribed " John : Middleton. three feet. if that in 'tis Brasenose College Library (drawn be a at length. in his Staffordsllire. which Progresses of James preserved in the Ubrary Nichols. in his of Brazenose College. 1628.. buried in Hale churchyard stands nine feet high. very fantastically. that as and his body was of . to his died in . was born in the year 1572. nine inches and a half. so prodigious a bulk. de- picted in the very dress which he wore upon the occasion of his visit to at Hale Hall. says that the forehead of a Tartar. Thuanus. treating of an invasion made by the Tartars upon the Polanders in 1575. slain by one Jacobus Niezabilovius. and his whole height nine foot three inches. gives the following account of him : " John Middleton. 95 On his return is home a portrait was taken of him.

feet. Sir Andrew as any's in . so. Sir Toby Belch. he lay dead on the ground his carcass reached to the navel of side of it. Also the man and standing on his the lesser (with his hat feather on his head) went ypright between his legs. because I life is a shuttle. The other I myselfe. the compasse of his breast one yard and halfe and two inches. Mrs." Shakespeare frequently mentions giants in his plays. sc. in height but three foote taller on the 17 of July. and hauing on feather. act ii. and the man sitting on a lesser standing on the same bench. and lie under Mount know. 1. " He's as tall a man 3. act i. and about the length the wast one yard quarter and one inch . Pelion.96 GIANTOLOGT AND DWAEFIANA. of his arme to the hand a full yard . beam. "I fear not Goliath with a weaver's also. saw the bench bare-headed. any ordinary person standing by the Stow. and touched him not. says that " In the yeare 1581 were to be scene in London two Dutchmen of strange statures. says. 1. In the Merry Wives of Windsor. a comely man of person." In Twelfth Night. praising Aguecheek. but lame on his legges (for he had broken them with was lifting of a barrel of beere). in his C^ironich. as the following extracts will show. in breadth betwixt the shoulders threequarters of a yard and an inch." In act v. Falstaff says. " I had rather be a giantess. sc. the one in height seuen foot and seuen inches. Page says. his head a hat with a taller was yet the lower.

He is then a giant to an ape. like Upon a dwarfish thief." tyrannous In act iii." bella says " 0." v. In Much Ado about Nothing. 1. Who neer Southampton." a giant's robe In 2 Henry VI. 2. : " Those Ascaparts. act ii. act a pretty thing man doublet and hose. sc. act iii. sc. as The Bevis of Southampton fell upon Ascapart. Biron says.. act iv. act v." In As you like it. have at thee with a downright blow. a full mile had strength. " This senior-junior. Dan Cupid. " Rosalind says : Woman's gentle brain Could not drop forth such giant-rude invention. " Peter. 1. Horner says. sc. sc.: : : SHAKESPEARE AND GIANTS. sc." " says in his Don Pedro. 3. the same lady says " And the poor beetle that we tread upon In corporal sufEerance finds a pang as great As when a giant dies. 1. 'tie ." Another poet speaks of " Askepate. 3. when he goes * I In Lovers Labours lost." In Macbeth. 97 ii. sc. 2. In Measure for Measure. What is. Dlyria. Donne ancestors. To throw a miU-stone on his foot at length : H . Isa- To have a giant's strength but To use it like a giant. Angus says title " Now does he feel his Hang loose about him." giant whose name was familiar to our latter was a He is mentioned by Dr. and leaves off his wit Claudia. men big enough to throw Charing-crOBS for a bar. act excellent it is sc. giant-dwarf.

the subject of a metrical Anglo-Saxon iii." Steevens says that the figures of the combatants Bevis and Ascapart were of Southampton. But Antony. the Cornish giant. and possessed no singularity of personal aspect or frame. still preserved on the gates Sir Bevis of Hampton was ballad. of whom an interesting account is given in All the Year Bound for September 22d. and his father oc- cupied the manor-house of Stratton. and where the mill-stone : fell. His parents were of the yeoman rank in life. and for sport work out thereon skill in in chalk their lessons. Seem'd but a corn upon the gyant's toe The place to this day to be seen. from which the following facts are collected." . He was the son of a tenant of Sir Beville Granville of Stowe. act se. 6. se." In King Lear.on a giant. 3. a neighbouring town. that giants may jet through And keep their impious turbans on. their son. So vast a stone upon Ms foot below.: 98 GIANTOLOGY AND DWAEFIANA. 1866. At the beginning of the seventeenth century was born Antony Payne. so vast that His proportions were lad his schoolmates when he was a mere were accustomed to borrow to his back. And such stout Corona3us was. " There's my gauntlet I'll prove it . the king says. In Cymtbeline. doth tell Where this was done. His strength and every boyish game were mar- . without Good morrow to the sun. Belarius says " The gates of monarchs Are arch'd so high. act iv. grew into preter- natural stature and strength. from whom Cornwall's first honor and name doth come.

ANTONY PAYNE. as to fetch him. 99 and his mental and intellectual faculties inIt creased with his physical growth. Antony went and brought Another time home the loaded animal on his back. ample-limbed. At the hurler's ground Stowe is may called stiU be seen a rough block Oast. and merely because a taunting butcher . the world." and with one under each arm to climb some neighbouring sea-cHfF. was his delight to select two of his stoutest companions." of stone which lies " Payne's and which It is said lull ten paces beyond the reach whereat the ordinary players could "put the stone." that one Christmas-eve a boy with an ass into the his was sent woods for fuel logs. He was He was the leader of Sir Seville's sports. to he strode alone from Killihampton Stowe with a his bacon-hog of three hundredweight thrown across shoulders. velloTis. to into a jerkin for his own and it took the hides of three full-grown deer make at the garment complete. The coimtry foot. it " as long as Tony Payne's At the age of twenty-one he was taken into the retainer. he loitered on way. and carried the carcasses on his shoulders to the haU. and symmetrical." as he said. The skins were dressed and shaped use. and. and he afterwards grew two inches higher. " to show them lads still. whom he termed his " kittens." when call they describe anything of excessive dimensions. wide-chested. Stowe establishment as a He then mea- sured seven feet two inches without his shoes. He embowelled and flayed the hunted deer.

He caused large trenches side. but elastic. " our trench was dug for ten. Be massyful. and of a ready Troublous times coming. Payne. and then thee canst die at thy lei- . and at last. I mean to put thee down quietly and cover thee up. occasion they had lain down nine corpses. were approaching Stowe. then at war with his parliament. be laid open. dead on the to field of fight. Antony became led his master's body-guard. to this." you must take your " But I bean't dead. tucked under his when all at once the pleaded earnestly with him —" Surely you wouldn't .100 GIANTOLOGT AND DWAKFIANA. I say I haven't done . man. and joined the cause of his king. don't ye hurry "I won't hurry thee . Mr. a poor fellow into the earth before his time. also happy in his language." Payne . his strength for the feat. supposed dead man bury me. Added and he had a strong and acute intellect. and there's nine in ah-eady place. On one arm. tidings arriving that the by Lord Stamford. Antony arranged the burial of the Parliamentary battalions. Sir Beville gathered his troops. each to hold ten bodies side by and there he and his followers carried in the slain. was wit. had doubted He was by nimble and dexterous no means clumsy or uncouth. Antony and a picked company went to meet him. A battle ensued." was the reply. before I am dead?" "I tell thee. and Payne was bringing in another. Hving yet. as and as capable light of swift and movement. as a and muscular man. and the Eoyahsts won it. Mr.

The king. appointed by Charles rison.CORNISH GIANT. and Sir Beville was killed. Many it years afterwards Gilbert. at the death of the Earl of Bath. carried fully to his own cottage." was a gift to she said. which had been engraved as the frontispiece to the . the Cornish historian. when mansion it was dismantled. was removed to Penheale. still at his side . discovered the porti'ait rolled up in an empty room. and in quaint language and homage. and led the G-ranville troop into the fight. in Cornwall. a youth of sixteen. for some years great gallery at Stowe thence. a farmer's wife as large "a It carpet with the effigy of a man upon sell it it. where he lived. by Sir Godfrey in the that This picture hung . another manor-house of the Granvilles. it expresses his sympathy After the Restoration. and when the Parliamentary forces prevailed. Sir Beville's son John was 11. who held him his portrait to be painted in great favour. battle of Lansdown The same year the was fought. and she was glad to as she did for eight pounds. commanded KneUer. governor of Plymouth Graras halberdier of and there Payne was placed the guns. from the landlord's steward. When Gilbert died his collection was sold by auction at Devonport. his master he mounted young John Granville. Payne was fell. sure. and was described by her husband. A letter which is still he wrote to his mistress at Stowe preserved. however." 101 his suppliant care- Payne. on his father's horse. and Payne's portrait.

Plymouth day -when Charles had been beheaded. on the anniversary of the I. in the Vicarage House. One hand wields the is placed upon a cannon. which I flask or flagon sheathed in is said to have held '-'Antony's is allowance. and the other tall halberd of his office. This very weapon. One day after William and Mary had been en- throned. said to have He is accompanied the successful thrust with !" the taunt. and on the following antagonist morning swords. and saw the symbolic and insulting viands. When Payne entered the room." a gallon of wine. at the price of forty guineas. he threw the dish and its contents out of window. at a mess-table of the regiment in garrison. This picture shows Payne as a soldier of the Guard. He conveyed it to Lon- don. a sub-officer of Payne's own rank had in mockery ordered a calf's head to be served up in a " William and Mary dish. with the faces of these two sovereigns for ornament. " There's sauce for thy calf's head .102 GIANTOLOGT AND DWARFIANA. was bought by a stranger. near Stowe. Grilbert's second volume of History of Cornwall. are now in the possession of the writer of the article in All the Year Round to which we have before referred. Payne and his fought with his After a smart contest Payne ran adversary through the sword-arm. and disabled him." a delf article. A quarrel and a challenge ensued. and which in the picture on the placed ground at his feet. and a large wicker-work. Ti^here it was resold for eight hundred pounds. a connoisseur in paintings.

save that at that time he was rather . but only a heap of dust remained in Platerus. he was the length of his hand was sick. and returned to Stratton. Re- lays of strong bearers carried him to his grave. a physician of the seventeenth century. Before she as was a year old she weighed Count Henry much as a sack of wheat that held eight bushels. After liis death. strong of body and limbs. neither the door nor the stairs would and aiford egress for his corpse. it. Platerus also says. nine feet high complete and lean. His huge vault was broken into by accident many years ago. out- side the southern wall of Stratton Church. floor The joists had to be sawn through. GIAITT GIKL. She was seen by of Fustembm-g.. with much wonderat ment She died in childhood. Her thighs were thicker than his horse's neck. whose body was as large as that of a full-grown woman. where he died. . to enable the giant to be taken out. his native place. and the lowered with a rope pulley. who for his extra- ordinary stature was carried through Germany Anno 1613 he was brought to us at Basil he was then twenty-three years and a half of age beardless as yet. and the calf of her leg was equal in size to the thigh of a lusiy man. that she father The girdle wore about her waist would go round her and mother standing together. " I saw a young man Luto neuburgh be seen. 103 When Payne grew old he retired from the army. called Jacob Damman. teUs us that he five saw in tlie territory of Basle a girl years of age.

another physician one foot six inches. Vanden Broecke." of the seventeenth century. and Vander Linden (born 1609. ten Holinshed. : he says. Marcellus Donatus. lying upon two beds placed to end. saw several eight feet high. Skenkius. who was carried about as a show. yojmg girl of giant stature. says " I have scene a man speakes of one in myselfe of seven foot in height. men over Gaspard Bauhin (born 1560. girl's father nor one is of her ancestors was Probably she the per- son as whom Becanus saw (page 94). Neither the tall. The Cluronicle also of Cogshall Wales who was half a firmities foot higher." . died 1664) mentions a Frisian of the same Peter height. but lame of his legs.wrote in 1634 and 1640. with her mother. a Dutch traveller to the East Indies. speaks of a negro of Congo who was nine feet high. died 1624) speaks of a Swiss who was eight feet high. who.104 GIANTOLOGT AND DWAEPLANA. a woman of mean height. says he saw a who wrote in 1569 and later. Uffenbach eight describes the skeleton of a feet woman which was six inches long. Julius Scaliger describes a giant whom end he saw at Milan. feet high. and who was. but through in- and wounds not able to be weld himselfe. in 1577.

and had strength equal to height. seeing as gates generally are higher it than the rest of the building.— CHAPTER VI. He would make yeomen of the nothing to take two of the tallest Guard (like . presented to Maximilian 11. says was bom in Staffordshire. so was sightly that the porter should be taller than other persons. to so that in all parts. to He afterwards was porter King^ James . Porter to James I. but with his fellow-workmen. the porter to that he James 1. German Giant Munster. and Giant Bartholomew Fair Giant Turk Huge Os Frontis— Giant Polander.—William Evans— Giants and Dwarfs together Whim of Empress of Austria— Bodily Differences between Giants and Dwarfs Oliver Cromwell's Giant Porter Pepys sees Giant Dutohman^John Tates Pepys sees a Giant Woman Thomas Birtles. — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — A MOST celebrated giant was Walter Pai'sons. Fuller. and was appren- "he grew so tall in stature that a hole was made for him in the ground to stand therein up to the knees. Cheshire Giant Miller. temper to he disdained to do an injury any single person. Giant Skeleton at Eepton King Askew James Hanson Irish Giantess—the Painted Prince Hugh Hird Baron Burford Giant's Bone Giants domestic Recreations. Duke John Frederic's Giant— Edmund Malone Charles II. Walter Parsons. He was proportionable his valour. in his WortJiies. so as to make him adequate ticed to a smith. valour to his strength.

1686. mon-place book. He died John CoUett.106 GIANTOLOGY AND DWAEFIANA. size. that though he had valour equal to his strength. this giant similar to that made an entry about which Fuller wrote as above. Plot. and seven feet seven inches. and order them as he pleased. Bromwich to in much be admired as who were men but of a middleing ordinary . the gizard and liver) under his arms at once. as by a man of ordinary he walkt . stature. gives a more detailed account of Parsons. porter to At length he became King James the First. yet he scorned to take advan- tage to injure any person by it . upon which account left we have affronted but few experiments us of his great strength. in his comnow preserved in the British Museimi. His parents were of the ordinary in 162-. first when he level struck at the anvil (for he was a blacksmith) or sawed wood with another. though his was not so theirs. that he might be at a with his fellow-workman. seven feet four inches. in his Staffordshire. whereas Parsons had a stature proportionable to being so very tail his strength when he was a young apprentice tliat they were forced to digg a hole in the to stand in gromid for him up to his knees." variously stated as follows : His height has been seven feet two inches. but such as were sportive: as that being stature. Writing of certain strong men he says inferior to : " Not at all any of these in matters of strength was this one Walter Parsons of West county. where he behaved himself so generously. who was born in 1633.

a native of Monmouthshire. . An engraving of the latter by Gr. Head Tavern. it being uncertain that they were drawn in the just at the Pope's as I have been told also by some. 107 he only took Mm up by the waistband hung him upon one of the hooks in the shambles.. and carry them as he pleased (in spight of aU resistence) about the guard-chamber : where (if I am not misinformed) that is his picture which hangs at the end next the stairs.: . to be ridicul'd by the people. Parsons became X . and so went his way and that sometimes by way of merryment he would take two of the tallest yeomen of the Guard (like the gizard and liver) under his arms. what his from a true measm-e of hand yet remaining upon a piece of wainscot at Bentley Hall by which it appears that fi"om the carpus to the it end of the middle finger and the palm the length was eleven inches long. London streets. Plot. There another pictm-e of him. WALTER PARSONS. in the great room Head alley but whether they are the true pictm-es of him or noe. in Pope's proportion. chusiug rather to inight be. I took not the pains collect to have them his height measur'd. that After the death of James porter_tojOharles office I. and : of his breeches. six inches broad." comparing and breadth of Parsons's hand with those of the hand of Edmund Malloon or Malone. but he was succeeded in that by William Evan^. leading down is into the court toward White Hall gate. who was seven feet six or seven inches high. Glover was published in 1636. concludes that was the height of Parsons also.

the wonder. thus inscribed: " M. a. however. which states that at the time land." In Newgate-street. much weaker than cessor. A. Evans was. of gigantic stature and amazing bulk made his appearance on the stage. a drama in the German style was got up and performed at Lucerne. wrapped an ample cloak. sleeves. is whose height was only in three feet nine inches. surpassed who him in height by about two ftJl inches. (probably the initials of the builder) The King's Porter and Dwarf. his prede- Fuller says that he was far . in Switzerits renewed solemn alliance with the seven Catholic cantons. Evans died in 163-. Grlover issued a unique print This story of a giant and dwarf brought into juxtaposition is matched by another. man time. but equal proportion of body two yards beneath Parsons in " an he was not only what for the Latines call compernis. and going out squalling with his feet. for the diversion of the deputies. then to the laughter of the beholders. He walked about for some went through several pantomimes. knocking his knees together. still sculpture in low relief of these two remarkable persons. but also haulted a little . remains a small over the entrance to a court. and at last . P. yet made he a first to shift to little dance in an antimask at court.108 GIANTOLOGY AND DWAEFIANA. and a half in length. At the end of the performance." Evans wears a long govm with hanging his staff of ofBce. where he drew Jeffrey the dwarf out of his pocket. of this giant. and bears Jeffrey. when the repubhc of the Yalais.

from the folds of his clothes. that the overgrown mortals. The dwarfs teased.DWARFS ATTACK GIANTS. while dwarfs are generally active. This story illustrates the fact. paid the company several hght compH- ments. all the giants and dwarfs in the Germanic empire were assembled at Vienna. with tears in their eyes. lest it was feared to assure the imposing proportions of the giants should . tion of the proverb. and with a parting bow made their exit along with the giant. intelGiants seldom have strength or and healthy. " TaU men are generally much more . that giants are almost always characterised by mental and bodily weakness ligent. sentinels had to be stationed in the building to protect the giants from the dwarfs. in confirma- A dwarf threatens Hercules. feeble in mind. insulted. thus freed from their concealment. valour commensurate with their physical proportions. and even robbed the giants to such an extent. of no fewer than eight boys. Guy whim Patin. but are as a rule sickly. splay-footed. . and as a consequence. in order to gratify a of the Empress of Austria. " But. a celebrated French surgeon. terrify the dwarfs and means were taken the latter of their perfect safety. Virey says : and short-lived. who. As circumstances required that all should be housed in one extensive building. relates that in the seventeenth century. 109 disencumbered himself. knock-kneed." the result was very different to that contemplated. complained of their stunted persecutors .

and was said to have foretold several remarkable events. while strong Samson There- can hardly have reached the middle height." may be true Oliver for physical reasons. particularly the Fire of . but they are docile. Cromwell had a porter named Danielj feet who was seven the terrace at six inches high. for all exertions. an impetuous and and vivacious hear Lit- brusque action suits better for short men. that of a very tle tall we seldoiii man becoming a very great man. "Long and lazy. they are more . short both If men of high stature are pre- ferred for their fine appearance in the body-guard of princes. and in the service of eminent persons. the proverbial expression. men manifest a character more firm and decided than those lofty and soft-bodied people. evil. like watery vegetables. and whose standard was recorded by a large on the back of almost under the Windsor Castle. whom we can lead more easily both morally and physically. they are certainly neither the most robust nor the most active little . In war. and prophesied as an enthusiast. insomuch. little and loud. fitted for defence than attack whereas. candid." If we may trust the modem deductions of science. GroUath was a very weak man. window of by the gallery. This man went mad. and naive. prone to conspire for and faithful even to the worst master. fore. He frequently preached.110 GflANTOLOGT AND DWARFIANA. Tall men are mostly tame and insipid. his brain being turned his study of books of speculative divinity. weak and slow than of body and mind. men.

copied one of the lunatic figures on Bedlam gate. says " The renowned porter of : Oliver had not college of more volumes around his cell in his Bedlam. The Tatler. after some time. Bromley says that his . who used to transcribe what ment." In Whitechapel there was a sign of "Daniel. in his Snake in tlie Grass. as there was not the least pro- One of his most important books was a large Bible. the use of his mystical library. his misfortune never made him forget that he was a Christian. gentleman had the curiosity woman who was among the auditors what she could profit by hearing that madman rave. 1709. for that Festus thought Paul was mad. that though Oliver's porter was crazed. 1698. given to him by Nell Gwynn. the father of CoUey Gibber. August 6th. and they would sit many hours under his windows. But (cries another) Oliver's porter had an amanuensis in Bedlam." taken from a print of St." Dr. bability of his cure. She pityingly replied. in his Remarhs on the Tale of a Tub. tells us that people often went to hear Daniel preach. that a to ask a great signs of devotion. Ill He was confined many years In Bedlam. Charles Leslie. He is said to have been the original from which Caius Gabriel. "The book was written (says one) by a surgeon's man who had married a midwife's nurse. than Orlando in his present apart- King says. 1776. London.Cromwell's giaot porter. with This writer adds. where he was allowed. Peter. and may not these be some scattered notes of his master's ? To which all replied. he dictated.

112 portrait GIANTOLOGY AND DWAEFIANA. in compart- The following is a copy of an original handbill this announcing the exhibition of man . under whose arm I went with my hat on. thumb and finger reaching from the point of the man's extended forefinger to the bend of his arm. he is described German. with the tip of my fingers. whose stattu:e is nine foot and a half in height. and could not reach higher than his eye-browes cross. was " at Charing- and there saw the great Dutchman that is come over. and the span of his hand a cubit compleat. It is true. and do generally wear a turban. Taylor . the engraver being W. several Appended ments. on it was an engraving representing him with side holding spectator. and nine are English verses and a half high. " The true Effigies of the German Giant. 1845. ' Tempest. near Charing Cross. and it is given in the Curiosities of Biography. and engraved by It was published by J. his his wife on one hand . Pepys. which makes him show yet taUer is. he wears pretty high-heeled shoes. to place with his wife. now to be seen at the Swan. Caulfield in 1793. He is a comely and little well-made man. 1664. J. and on the other a male his whose arm the giant was spanning. was painted by Lanron. and his wife a very but pretty comely Dutch woman. He is goes from place who but of an ordinary ." than really he graving of as being a In 1664 was published an en- this giant and his wife feet . on August 15th. but not very high.

complains that domestic servants so frayed children with stories of " dwarfes. whose limbs were well shaped. of parents stature. Evelyn He says "I went to see a tall gigantic : woman. that this man's name was John Tates.PEPYS SEES GIANT. and strength whose was proportionable Ray. in his Anatomy. Isbrand Diemerbroeck. in Flanders. Plot. in his Staffordshire. of ordinary topographical Observations. He was born at Sehoonhoven. Pepys. who measur'd 21 years old. in 1665. Hewer that is to and I went and saw be seen. gyants. Thomas Molyneux. says. a man eight feet and a half high. woman who is but twenty-one years old. 1686. On the 29th of the same month. 1665. 6 feet 10 inches high at bom in the Low Countries. 113 and takes money for the shew of her husband. teUs us. stature. records: the great taU "W. that they were timid of their own shadows. 1668-9. in his Diary. and his middle finger was seven inches long. that he saw at Utrecht. mentions this giant as also does Dr." saw her. . under date January 4th. in his Discovery of Witchcraft. . in his to his height. makes her height less than Evelyn did." and other myths. in Holland." Pepys. and that he saw him at Bruges." Reginald Scot. in the Philosophical Transactions of 1700. The length of his cubit was twenty-five inches. who again saw this giantess on February 8th in the same year. and I do easily stand under her arms.

seven foot and a half high. and she without about sixteen years of age. near Maccles- arrived at Coventry. did show her the woman. his He had been in London. and in our way home. shewn publickly here stretch'd at Oxford. height. and they say not above twenty-one years old. He himself. where it is joined to the radius of the arm. wife. Maxigiant. finger. men of ordinary stature carpiis might to the wallv under and her hand.114 GIANTOLOGY AND DWAEFIANA. forth when she her arm. " The tallest that I have yet seen in our days. was bom at Leipzig. and on jom-ney homewards he made a public for his extraordinary stature. with aU her limbs proportionable. in 1671. When at maturity. 1671. milian Christopher Miller. show of himself His height was about seven His father was a man of moderate elevation." About the middle of December. it . living field. in Saxony. six fe. says : He " To my tall . the German who size from his infancy was remarkable for his amazing and strength. end of the middle was fuU ten inches long. just six feet five inches high. have seen before and I measured her. and his mother was nearly six feet high. in Holborne. from the or wrist. in his Oxfordshire. which I is. feet. was also a woman of a Dutch extraction. Thomas Birtles. 1676. he was publicly ." Probably this was the same woman as the one who was as noticed : foUows by Plot. who was in In ^1674. a native of Cheshire. had a daughter.

GERMAN GIANT. for the like purpose.MILLER. the follow- ing copies of handbills. This is to give notice to all gentlemen. tells us that. " G. This others. England being one of them. late majesty the King a noble scymiter. the originals of which are now preserved in the British Museum. a giant. born in Saxony.. James his manuscript book in the British Museum. and every way proportionable. E. MiUer was exhibited at the says that Blue Post. without Temple Bar. do also." The King of France herein referred to Paris. particularly to his of France. 7 foot 8 inches high. Charing-cross. a giant. is to is to give notice to is all gentlemen. and others. born in . ladies. 1728. R. and is to be seen at the Two Blue Posts and Rummer. ladies. near Charing-cross. A London newspaper. and be seen at the Fan. and That there just arrived from France. we think. That there is just arrived from France. in was Louis XIV. the Kke has not been seen in any part of the the world for to many years to : he has had princes in honour shew himself presented most Europe." This probably relates to Miller. of October. " On Wednesday last arrived here from Grermany a into this country in the reign of native of that coimtry. as. who died in 1715. almost eight foot in height. about the beginning of November. exhibited as a 115 show at the place of his nativity. He probably came George II. " Gr. over against Devereux-court. 1732. and he travelled in several other countries. who him with and a silver mace.

1845. with a large plume of feathers his visitors in it. At this time Miller was nine years of age.116 GIANTOLOGY AND DWAEFIANA. and dig- Caulfield. His face and in public a head were of an enormous size. and measured nearly eight feet in height . He wore kind of Hungarian jacket. in his Remarkable Persons. He has had the honour to in Europe. and one of his fingers was nine inches in length." Miller attracted considerable notice in London. his stay in this place being but short. where L. in his print of Southwark Fair. almost eight foot in height.B. 1819. and upon the introduction of hand. he designing to go for Holland. engraved in the by E. and his he assumed the utmost importance. his hand was twelve inches long. particularly shew himself to most princes to his late majesty the King of France. who presented and a silver him with a noble scymitar. mace. troduces the figure of Miller on a show-cloth. Boitard engraved in life. which proves that he was in the habit of exhibiting himself . without any loss of time. a fancifiil cap. in- similar cut is given in the Curiosities of Biography. both being the gift of the King of France. way the like has not been seen in any part of the world for many years. Saxony. Grave. With left a gilt sceptre in his right hand placed on the handle of an immense richly -mounted falchion. He is to be seen from ten in the morning tiU eight at night. and a Hogarth. and every proportionable . state he paraded the apartment with great nity. 1733. N. above-mentioned fantastic costume. gives a representation of him. folio his portrait from fifty- in April.

of whom Plot. feet eight inches high when only nineteen years was Dr. "He hath done all things well. in 1681.years and two months. a giant named Edmond Malone. Mark. for his extraordinary stature shown publickly here in Oxford in 1684. who was seven feet near a woman who was seven Irish eight inches and feet three inches high. in the churchyard of the new town. who. Staffordshire. in Ireland. born at Port Leicester. vii. in 1697. though from the carpus to the end of the middle . be seen at the Blew Bore. in the Philosophical Trcmsactions for 1700. a youth of nineteen years old. sixty years. " In 1684." Wood says that an Irish youth. at Hanover. said years old. or eight EngHsh and a half. who to was seven old. be not nineteen . which. He died in 1676. at the age of Among Duke John yeomen of Guard at the Com-t of Frederic. in public. according to his epitaph and the image on his tomb. : in his Physico Theology. Thomas Molyneux says. Derham. in Hanover. in 1682. in 1686. 117 He the died in London the in 1734. aged forty-fom. was one Christo- pher Munster. I myself to who was seven feet seven inches high. which was out of St. was four Flemish feet ells six inches high." The youth was all probably Edmmad him his Malone.EDMUiro MALONE. 37: He chose the text for his funeral sermon. Oxford. says measured an Irish youth. says : " The hand of Edmund Malloon. or MaUoon (for the writers about speU his name variously). that he saw and measm'ed in Dubhn.

shown were communicated to me by Dr. no more than in length."* Dr. This giant attended the Court of Charles who walked under : He issued the following handbiU cle " The Gryant . at Oxford. was the giant who. i.. in the Philosophical Transactions for 1698. man. e. Ireland. giving. aged nineteen years last Born in Ireland. yet the palm was five inches broad. of such a prodigious height * Vide page 107.118 finger it GIANTOLOGY AND DWAEFIANA." says " The measure of some of the parts of this Irishman. of his cubit (the distance jfrom the elbow to the finger-tips) two feet his two inches. William Musgrave. Southwark II. his finger six his and three quarters long. Plot. : "Account of one at Edmund MeUoon in bom Port Leicester. or the Miraso of Nature. He was inches seven feet six inches high." We at conjecture that Malone at the age of nineteen years.. fair. the shoulder to the crown of his head eleven inches and three-quarters. nineteen years of age. were twelve inches long. the length of span fourteeh inches. being seven foot six inches rationally conclude that Par- thence we may must also be thereabout. of fi:om arm three feet two inches and a quarter. and bigness. and . was exhibited in 1684 his arm. 1684. it fell as much short of Parsons' it hand in the breadth as it exceeded Now the proportion of the stature of Edmiind MaUoon high sons to this is hand being as seven and a half to one that . an or Malone. Being that much admired young Jmae.

walk under and several of the nobility at court. where Vivat Eex. every 119 way proportionable. when he issued the following handbill or. Being that much admired Gryant-Hke young man. fathoms near eight to foot. the like hath not been seen since the memory of man : he hath been several times shown at com-t." his picture hangs A gigantic Turk was in the Vienna in 1683. five years ago. that if he lives three years more. his arm. and grows as he has done. : spans fifteen inches that sees him. In the army which besieged affray he was wounded and . : " Miracula Naturas a Miracle of Nature. and he grown veiy much since. MIRACLE OF NATURE. and his majesty was pleased to walk under since. He is to be seen at the sign of the Catherine Wheell in Southwark fair. Bartholomew Fair." Subsequently he was at Bartholomew Fair. And generally thought. Vivat Eex. that the like hath not been seen jn England in the memory of man.. and every way proportionable. He was shown his late majesty is to his late and present majesty. born in Ireland. spans fifteen inches . of such prodigious height and bigness. beheved be as big as one of the giants in Guildhall. and he is grown very much and is he now reaches ten foot and a half. aged twenty-three years last June . he wiU be much bigger than any of those gyants we read of in story : for he now reaches with his hand three yards and a half. and is the admiration of all He is to be seen at Cow Lane end in out. and was pleased to his it is arm.

nine inches and one-tenth. He says he had measured the same all -whe in several ordinary skulls. It was about half an -n- inch in thickness. Dr. preserved in the It school of medicine at Leyden. was complete in every way. its were as follow From juncture with the nasal sagittalis termi- bones to the place where the suture nated. twelve inches and two-tenths. and round the ambit of the coronal suture. prisoner made by the citizens. from orbit. Molyneux calculated that' the cirf^i i head when entire was forty-four inches in ference. measured by himself. took care of him. and converted convalescence Comit him to Christianity. He of a refers to two drawings. . In the Philosophical Transactions for 1684-5 and 1700. and him officiate as porter at his palace in Vienna. The fathers of a Franciscan convent in the town.120 GIAOTOLOGY AND DWARFIANA. and found that one with another they scarcely answered it in half proportion. Thomas Molyneux describes a prodigious human os frontis. the convex way. orbit to about twenty-one inches. transversely from side to side. according to the above dimensions. however. still measuring the convex way. In his as his Hunyady enKsted him let Hayduk (an inferior kind of body-guard of the Hmigarian nobles). one of which represhape and size of an os frontis sented the common man of ordinary stature. or forehead bone. and the other depicted the gigantic fore- head bone in the same posture with the former. and its : dimensions. convex or outside forwards.

And arguing from the proportion that the same bone in other to their height. the dimensions of the larger were more than double those of the smaller. And setting five down. and of the second and drawn about twenty-one inches.GIANT POLAJSTDEE. 1686. Thus. and agreeing in it being complete in all pai'ticulars with the common its forehead bone of other men. The measure round the ambit of the coronal suture of the first was ten inches and one-tenth. a Polander. every way." Molyneux endeavoured to prove. but the height of a man. it could not in the least be suspected to have appertained to any other animal than a man. by internal evi- dence and philosophical reasons. as the most moderate computation. us of Martin Wierski. course of nature. in his Staffordshire. on the authority tells of Dr. Browne's Travels through Germany. and he argued that. that the bone could not have been attached to an ordinary body. "whence it follows that this great os frontis was of above twice as large every this sort in way as a common bone a full-grown man. Plot. although it was so vastly large. who at the age of forly-two years was presented as a rarity of nature . 121 in exactly the same proportion. he to and a half this whom bone belonged feet in must have been more than eleven or twelve height. this OS frontis it must follow that the men bears man to whom common feet for belonged was more than twice the according to the height that men usually are. excepting in magnitude.

Thomas Walker.: 122 to GIANTOLOGY AKD DWAEFIANA. which contained a skeleton nine feet long. a labourer. gives us an account of the discovery. Eobert Bigsby. became a convert to the Christian faith. He grew to the stature of nearly seven feet. II. which height is marked in the chm'ch porch of Clifton. in his exhaustive History of Repton. in Derbyshire. coffin. derived for 1734. 1854. And so was one of the Baron (and founder of the Priory) of Dudley. chest in which his body both which. it could not with conveniency have been laid there.. in 1687. within a stone other skeletons round in the year 1729 as as it. Dr. measured eight foot. near Nottingham." how they anciently cut their stone In 1686. eighty -eight years old. who was brought up in the Clifton family. and ftiU who was Someries. we may believe either Ms statue or hollow of the stone lay. gave him this says that Degge account . relate from the Philosophical Transactions to the discovery. as Mr. commonly called the Black Prince. The following particulars. considering coffins. than which had the body been anything shorter. Maximilian Emperor of Germany. a negro. Joseph. with one hundred Dr. " in the second half of the sixteenth century. Eepton. Simon Degge collected many facts relating to the event he could. and subsequently communicated them to the Royal Socieiy. if eight feet high. Erdeswick {View of Stqfordshire) testifies. of an extraordinary grave in Allen's-close.

when bones of a very gigantic . clearing further. it. but the top was decayed and fallen in. saw the skeleton nine feet long. being only supported by wooden joysts. with of a difficulty removing the cover. sent masters. master of the free school. one of the preit is lost. laid it human body one hundred skeletons of the ordinary feet pointing to the stone coffi'n. Bigsby adds " This ancient sepulchre was again opened in 1787. dormitory was covered with broad and to in it. and that he had often heard his father mention this gigantic corpse. 123 "About forty years since.GIGANTIC SKELETON. and rotmd size. The the present owner will not sufier lady of the manor having forbidden attested to us This was seen by several old persons who had and measm'ed the skeleton. and. cutting hillocks near the surface. he met M'ith an old stone wall. planted by the old man when he filled it in the earth. It had been covered. Bowes. It in a close on the north side of the church . I enquired of his son. concerning it." : Dr. The steps and stone were much worn. with steps to go down whose entrance was forty yards nearer the church and is river. he found it to be a square enclosure of fifteen feet. when. In this he found a stone coffin . but yet he says he remembers the skull in his father's closet. with the The head of the great skeleton he gave to Mr. and thinks that the skull was in pro- portion to a body of that statm-e. The bottom of this flat stones. to be opened. and over this repository grows a sycamore tree. the wall was a door-case.

. supporting a figure in armour. says Paris. some remains of warlike insti-uments — as spear-heads. now deposited in the crypt beneath the chancel of is Eepton Church. a dwarf. GIANTOLOGT AlTD DWARFIANA. of whom. human prodigies. with John Worm- bergh. in the North of Ire- She was. however. James land. the armour popularly called the tomb of King Askew. as a nine-feet high hero of a romance which Dr. in the British Museum. One represents a giantess. and no skeleton nine feet long.124 size. by a volume of drawings of Paris. and battle-axes. twenty-three years old first when he saw her exhibited for money in . two feet seven inches in height. perhaps. nothing is known. as of a comparatively modern date. not sufficiently extensive to justify us in assuming that any degree of exaggeration had it been used in the former account. is associated with his Askew Hill. all fragments of swords iron . In 1689 was published an engraving of James Hanson. made of but no stone coffin. A place called Repton. or may have re- happened that the skeleton and moved. who was born in the Isle of Portrush. but with is evident misapprehension. Among is the Sloane Mss. his Visions of the An altar-tomb." There is coffin had been a tradition connecting this giant's grave with a legendary King Askew. The search was. appertaining to numerous skeletons. Times of Bigsby introduces into Old. who was eight feet high. were distogether with covered. near name and he figures .

iPrince Griolo. very well-shaped and proportioned. France. At the age of thirty years he was graceful and well- proportioned in all his limbs. if desired. was sold at his lodg. who is represented to have been of gigantic stature. being stained or tattooed in quaint for instance. near Water- lane. where she was again He says : "I not knowing she was the same I had seen five years before in London." About at the this period was exhibited at his lodgings. extremely civil.THE PAINTED PEmCE. is His princedom was probably a fiction and it alleged that he was picked up by an adventurous captain about 1692. and was called the his whole body. in Fleet^street. except his face. London. wliich I did not wear before in London. in 1696. ings. and handsome in the at face. and though I was something disguised by wearing a perriwig. or Giolo. In 1701 she in was exhibited Montpellier. in Languedoc. 125 high without She was seven feet her shoes and head-dress." hands. feet. she remembered me very well. and made a show of afterwards under misrepresentations. he had a representation of one quarter of the world upon and between his shoulders. modest and neat and cleanly. . Blue Boar's Head. she told me when and where she had seen me. His portrait. of the He was reputed to be the son King of Moangis. fair. " Painted Prince. and could not speak English. at the time of the seen by Paris. engraved by Savage. of his lengthy handbills stated that he would One visit the quaUty in a coach or chair. and designs .

Worcestershire. the Baron of Burford. picture in a shroud. Westmoreland. in 1799. now the residence of Lord Northwiek. as tradition says. any to equal him. from whom : he descended . and Lord Nash gives an extract from a manuscript of Mr." in the shape of a hammer. in Worcestershire. foUows Habingdon. Tenbury. painted on a board. as I scarce ever saw to excel him. is the staff of the strong and mighty yet most amiable Baron Burford. On is the handle of the staff. but very comely. 126 GIAiTTOLOGT AND DWAEFIANA. During the seventeenth century a giant named Hugh Hird Hved is in Troutbeck. which is of iron. says that the manor of ages tall Tenbury was later sold by Mr. is of Burford a God me monument In the church with his to this giant. stated that he went on a mission being sent to London for that purpose by Lord Dacre. none He was mighty of body. stood seven feet three inches high. " In my defence. his Nash.. without his shoes." this motto. describing the character of this giant as " He was in mind an emperor. defend. who. to Edmmid also Cornwall. it is other things to the king. and among there. and of " classical an- cientry. lord paramoimt of Tenbury. and exceeded in strength aU men of his age . in wit and stile so rare. and that so clearly. It recorded in the parish church that he lived and was buried tains The History of Westmoreland conaccounts of his prodigious strength . to comprise m a few words. At Burford House. such store of matter. Hall Clifford.

own if ever he offended any. They were. 127 had a dainty touch on the and of such sweet harmony in his nature. delight he so poor. as. effected in the and in the other by figures moved by boys. It at Barns- ley Hall. stilts. and locked on to It was one foot two inches in circum- ference at the smallest part. . and before strength decayed. were he never was not friend with himself till he was he friend with his him again. mere one instance by artificial prodigies. the reputed thigh-bone of the staircase.BAEON BUEFOED. was clasped with iron. A for his lute. GIAIfT." In the seventeenth centuiy there was a giant. in his Anatomy of Melanclwly . Burton. "Worcestershire. no doubt. says that giants and dwarfs were among the ordinary domestic recrea- tions of the people during the winter. published in the seventeenth century. entered the gate of death. he led a single life.

who could sew. to obtain his Body — Lawsuit relating to his St. and perform other feats. thread needles. threads the needle. writes very well. yet she performs a hundred several things to admiration: she sews. that here is newly come to this place a High German Woman. . the British Giant— German Giant— Italian Giantess Giant Boy— Giant at Rouen— at Paris—Large Bregma — Daniel Cajanus— Gigantic Boy of Willingham— Young Colossus New Wells—Tall Saxon Woman with Dwarf—Living Colossus —Tall Woman— Giant Youth at Southwark Fair—Italian Giant — Giant's Bones found— Cornelius_MacGrath—Bishop Berkeley said to have produced a Giant by feeding— James Macdonald — Charles Byrne. The following is a copy handbill " By his Majesty's authority. or O'Brien— Advertisements—Endeavours Money. ^his lost About 1700 was exhibited in England a " High German woman.— CHAPTEE High German Performer VII. she charges and discharges either pistol or carbine. viz. fire pistols. as quick as any one can with hands. spin fine threads. that has neither hands nor feet. Woman—Tall Youth—^Welsh Giant— High German —Tall Black— Giant Fisherman—Large Bones at Alban's— Giants at Court of Electors of Brandenhurgh— King of Prussia's Giant Guards — Propagation of Giants — Giant Regiment in Russia — Tall Essex "Woman — Bartholomew Fair — Strong Saxon Giant—Thomas Fisher— Giant's Hand—HenryBlacker." without hands or feet. These of her : are to give notice to aU gentlemen and others. spins as fine thread as any woman can do . cuts out gloves.

all This is to give notice gentlemen. been shown in publick. a Tall Britain. and had K . which. was issued the following announcement: "A. His hmbs are all ness and years of growth and hath not. 1702-1714. She has had the honour of shewing before this king and queen. in Cheapside. In 1701 appeared the following handbill: the Sun. that there now to be seen in this place. from the age of sixteen years he has travelled abroad. born on a mountain near Llanriost. and most of the nobility in the kingdom. And if this pro- digy of nature she will wait on them at their own She is to be seen from eight in the morn- ing to eight or nine at night." In the reign of Queen Anne. omitted. ladys. seen at the sign of the . in Queen-street. and others. as yet. she makes bone-lace of all sorts. and now lately come into England." And is now to be left The blank was fill for the purpose of enabling the exhibitor to in in manuscript the name of any place where she set might up her peripatetic show. as quick as 129 any man can do . being not as yet twenty years of age until November. Vivat Eex.TALL BRITON FROM LLANKIOST. is By to her Majesties authority. proportionable to his taU: 1701. "At be is Is to seen a wonderful and strange Enghsh man. R. who seven foot four inches and an half in hight. Several other things might be is men- tioned. for brevity. any person of quality is desirous of seeing houses. and has been shown before all the foreign kings and princes in Christenis dom.

right and is without discerning which the best. and five sorts of lan- guages.. Mary." In the same queen's reign John Valerius. to the great satisfaction of all have seen him. between Surrey-street and Somerset House and the old Maypole was situated almost on the site of the present church of in 1713. The Talbot side of the Imi therein mentioned stood on the south Strand. and hops upon . hands and fine feet. issued the following handbill. that the like was never known in the world. By authority. and he does such miraculous performances with his feet. He left writes very foot. and shews such things with his feet that nobody can do with both arms. a person that There was born without either arms or hands. he being the tallest man that ever was show'd any one at night. and dukes of several countries. born without arms. 130 GIANTOLOGY AND DWAEFIANA.le. a pen-knive. near the May is Pole. St. It was removed " and a new one was erected opposite Somerset House. a high German. is now to be seen the High German Performer. the honour to have been shown before her present spectators that Majesty of Great Brittain. he walks upon one toe. in this kingdom. princes. At the Talbot Inn. lately arrived.Strand. with his mouth. He in the is to be seen by till single person from 9 morning 10 Vivat Eegina. in the Strand. and makes his own pens with toes. He hath been sent for by kings. and her royal consort the Prince. his two great and stands upon he lays his foot in his neck.

and sows very prettily. and all actions whatsoever is done by hands. all. fi*om thence carried to Jamaica and sold there for a slave. all very well.. to see him put himself in a posture of defence.THE TALL INDLiN KING. although he was very lean. near the at the village of Lekerkerk. and shoots at a mark. in his Indian garb. and now redeem'd by a mer- the like hath not been seen in Eng- Now to be seen at the Grolden Lyon. &c. for 2d. it. or any manner of arms. 131 and he reaches a glass with his mouth. he stands upon the top of a little stool. he combs or dresses a perhimself. shaves dress feet. who was betrayed on board of an English interloper. he beats a drum. . and what he does. and barbarously abused on board of that ship. and unIt is a dresses himself. nobody can do the iaventions with glasses. ." About the same period was exhibited " The Tall Black. died in Holland. and jumping and vaulting is his master-piece. with a single rapier to fight. he does with riwig his feet. The doors of his house were all made high for his convenience. and put in irons chant in London land. He darts a sword into a deal-board. . called the Indian King. Hospital-gate. and with his strange and wonderful thing to the world. the other. and weighed hundred pounds. by one Waters and his men. from under threads a very fine and small needle. in Smithfield. five who was eight feet high." About 1712. a fisherman named Grerrit Bastiaansen. He has also several It is impossible to express Yivat Eegina. like. he charges a gun.

had in his service a Swedish guardsman who was eight high. The circumference of the its skull length- wise was twenty-six inches. in Hert- fordshii-e. Each tibia was a twenty-four inches long. Joachim. died in 1713). The left os femoris was twenty-four inches long. Aaiother Elector." on the site of a Roman camp. says Foster. and the right one was twenty-three inches due proportion. W." to make a Patagonian A regiment at of them was stationed during fifty years . Eoster. had at his court a man named Michael. makes of giants. " a great number of . this If all the parts bore man must have been eight feet The bones were found near an urn. In the Philosophical Transactions for 1712. in his Observations on a Voyage round the World. breadth twenty- The greatest diameter of each os innominatum was twelve inches.] 32 GIANTOLOGT AND DWAEFIANA. who was I. an Elector of Brandenburgh. Erederick of Prussia (born in 1657. Potsdam and. propagation facts : based some remarks about the upon the following a corps of gigantic Tlie King of Prussia had all guards. the Oheselden. inscribed " Marcus Antoninus. Alban's. J. a celebrated anatomist. jealous. and three inches. in length. describes dimensions of some size. R. high. They were All fit -mostly nervous six-foot fellows. feet six inches Dr. human bones of an extraordinary which were dug up near St. eight feet high. consisting of the taUest men who could be drawn together from " quarters.

and a thousand louis-d'ors . and him ceived by sent to Berlin. of Dragoons of Baufremont. seven feet six inches high. 1732. who was seven high. who gave him a pension of one thousand livres tournois. He was 1st. The same newspaper for August 1733. caused an application to be made to the captain of the company in which this soldier was. having obtained the necessary permission from the soldier to be King of France. desiring him to send the giant for enlistment in the Prussian regiment of diers. the King of Prussia. tells us that review of the Prince's regiment at Berlin.GIANT PRTJSGIAJSr GUARDS. the King of Prussia. which is more especially striking in the numerous gigantic figures of women." for The Daily Post at a June 17th. caused the handsomely clothed and equipped. said that News from Paris. feet and a lieutenant in the King of Prussia's Guards. his royal highness presented to his father. says that about the middle of July in that year came to London an Irishman named Fitzgerald. and extremely well proportioned. 133 the present inhabitants of that place are of very high stature. having been informed was a soldier of that there an extraordinary stature in in the regiment the service of the King of France. where he was very kindly re- the King. Grand Grena- The captain. a man twenty years of age. during that month. dated August 26th. the tallest of aU the King's regiment of Grand Grrenadiers. This certainly is owing to the connexions and intermarriages of those tall men with the females of that town. 1733.

presence. well-shaped. his wife. I have seen his son.134 GIANTOLOGT ASB DWAEFIANA. gigantic guards before who frequently paraded his foreign ministers. France. 1740. some of them since his death. and of a good WiUiam. The soldier was six feet nine inches high. Heiduques who walked on each side to support in case it should fall. of giants. He asked the three representatives whether an equal . I remember that they accompanied the old state-coach which preceded the Marquis de Beauvau. all Frederick who had by that formerly sold the magnificent farniture left his father. to his captain. William." On tall one occasion the ambassadors from England. King of " armed with a huge sergeant's cane. and he sent to purchase parts of them from the The king. Europe to the borders of Asia. The late king. who came to compliment the king. had given those I saw to the queen. shook hands with each other over the roof. in the month of November. very handsome. Prussia. to serve in quality of Heiduques. and Spain were present at a review of the regiment by Frederick. who loved handsome not gigantic men. marched forth every day to review his regiment These giants were his greatest dehght. this The men who stood in the first rank in less regiment were none of them than seven feet farthest high. and the things for which he went to the heaviest Voltaire says that Frederick expense. never could find a pur- chaser for enormous ungilded coach. The it.

135 -with his number of monster their countrymen would engage soldiers. a giant porter of the who was in height Amsterdam measure and to Duke of Wurtemberg. . in Three King-court. eight feet six inches. being six foot high. Who measured men as you would do a steeple. for Byron. refers to a guard of the Duke of Brunswick. many. in his Don Juan. in his de I'un de sept pieds. The ambassadors from France and Spain answered the question in the negative but the English one replied that he could not assert number of his coimtrymen would beat them . Fleettall a "wonderfuU Essex woman. feet and a half high. who was seven measure. the Second of Prussia.. Rhenish The taste for a regiment of tall men extended : to Russia. and the rest of the royal family. however." History of Quadrupeds. last Bartholomew Fair. in Ger. (1714-1727) was ex- Eummer. could raise A kind of phantasy proportionate In the then sovereign of the Russian people. GIANT POETEB IN GEKMANY." In the reign of George hibited at the street. that had the honour to shew herself before their royal highnesses the Prince and Princess of Wales.Hanover. 1775. says " This fellow.. born in 1712. et Ton nous a montre dans le squelette le beau cabinet d'anatomie de Berlin Schreber. I. he could affirm that half the number would try. died in 1786) eut ce caprice. that an equal We ai-e told that "le pere du Grand Frederic (Frederic the Great.

" the morning till James Paris.. and the court. Paris who was saw him in feet London. and travelled over Europe. Is to be seen a English man. between Hosear Lane and the Swan tall Tavern. the rest of the royal family." In the same king's reign. at the saddler's shop. with great applause.136 GIANTOLOGT AND DWAEFIAifA. when . Any family may her at their own by giving timely Vivant notice. her stay will be but short. Rex & Regina. She is near seven feet high. tho' not nineteen To be seen any hour from eleven till morning eight at night. . on May 12th. but seventeen years of age. He was seen by George I. and to which we have before referred. He was so strong that he could hold a ten-pound weight at arm's length for twelve minutes. residences. the following handbill was issued : " In Smithfeild. 1716 and was seven five inches high. He was born sented his in Saxony. dureing the time of Bartholomew Fair. and every way proportionable. Notice. the Prince of Wales. The King of the Romans prehim with a suit of armour proportionate to size. in the see to her height. eight foot high. gives a drawing of a giant. the Queen. twenty-five years of age . in his manuscript book. at Windsor. (at the place He 8 is any hour of the day in above at mentioned) night. visiting the courts. now pre- served in the Bi'itish Museum. to be seen He was from 8 never shewn before. and proportionable years "of age.

In the year 1751. which foot was a wide. I saw one of his shoes measured. near the new church at Rotherhithe. a young " man of about twenty years of age. for December 21st. a stone coffin of a prodigious size was taken out of the ground. 137 The writer adds to his account : of the above- named giant the following seen also in I. have London one Thomas Fisher. and about half a pint over. or small fact the bones of the forefin of a por- whale. he was publicly exhibited in London.BLACKER. THE BRITISH GIAJS^T. his limbs of an equal but I have also seen London an Mshman. and attracted large numbers of persons to see him." giant's hand. Henry Blacker. born near Dublin. when he was twenty-seven years of age. born at the county of Bucks. was born near Cuckfield. in who was upwards in seven foot high. and for a wager in presence. three my Each of his shoes weighed pound and two ounces. and three inches long. Li 1724. tells Weekly Packet. all Medmenof ham. and extraordinary size. who was seven foot and eleven inches high. Li 1721 was exhibited a so-called which was in 'poise." The 1717. without his shoes or anything upon his head. James Paris. commonly called the British Giant.28th. and the celebrated tall . which had been joined together by some Barnum of the period. and ten inches his shoes held One of two quarts of water. in Sussex. Many of the nobility visited him. us that " last week. and in it the skeleton of a man ten foot long.

gives Blacker's full-length portrait in a room with four other persons. between Norton Falgate and Ludgate. and will bring it to the above Mr. without loss of time. a boot. ladies. Whoever has found it. joining to Ludgate. that Mr. which outlined in the Curiosities . GIANTOLOGY AIJD DWAEFIAITA. the Modem Living Colossus. 1752." Blacker was seven feet four inches high. was one Advertiser. Duke of Cumberland. and much better proportioned in person than the gene-* rality of giants. by H. none of is whom reach his shoulder. —Lost. is who has given to be seen in a commodious This room. This engraving. who are lovers of natural curi- who allow him to be of a stupendous height. Carpenter. 1819. in Half. or Wonderful Giant. shall receive three shillings reward. for of his greatest admirers. He is to be seen by any number of persons. from nine in the morning tiU nine at night. by many of the Royal Society. and several gentlemen and osities . Remarkable Persons. The Daily December : 9th. last Tues- day night.138 William. phenomenon in nature hath already had the honour of being inspected by great numbers of the nobility and gentry. In 1751 was pubhshed a folio engraving of him. Note. Blacker. Blacker. spectators represented Caulfield in his is Among the the Duke of Cumberland. universal satisfaction. is contains the following advertisement " This to acquaint the curious.Moon-court. and size affirms him to be the best proportioned of his they ever saw.

next door but two to the famous Kaamas's." The above-mentioned herself alone.: ITALIAN GIANTESS. to be the tallest man ever exhibited in England. give that tall all gentlemen. and There is also Czar of Muscovy. Henry in Blacker. measuring 7 4 inches and exceeds y" famous so Mynheer Cajanus who was shewn with applause several years ago. at Charing Cross. Somewhere about lowing handbill notice. at the sign of the Her- culus's PiUars. being above seven foot high. and every tionable. Born near Cuckfield all Sussex 1724. she hath been shown before the Emperor of Germany. to is : this period fol- " Advertisement. ladies. the British Giant. a tall woman lately ari'ived from Italy." much A caricature of Blacker appeared the This is to was published. as appears Italian giantess exhibited by the following is is lately handbill all "Advertisement. of Biography. and the rest of the Princes of Christendom. having been also to the show'd before the Emperor of Germany. morning till seven at night. This to give notice to gen- tlemen and others. and eight Kings in Europe. to their ful wonder- admiration and satisfaction. 1845. He feet is thought by who have view'd him. and others. subscribed as foUows " Mr. that there arrived from . is 139 a copy of one published in the : giant's lifetime. way proporalso weighing 425 pound weight . Both these wonderfrom ten in the ful persons are to be seen every day. there lately aa'rived from Germany a very man. being seven foot and a half high.

140 Italy. perfumer. and bulk was equal to a fine boy of twelve years old. that to be seen a tall woman . weighing 425 pound She has been shown before the Emperor of wonderful admiration G-ermany. of seven foot and three inches high. and the rest of the great princes of Christendom. Francis Struts. At the age of five years he was four feet seven inches high." Probably the following handbill relates to the same woman give notice to there is : " The World's Wonder. a tall woman. next door where the Great Elephant to be seen. proportionable. being above seven foot high. at Longnor. (without in is any l6sa of time) at the Blew Boar and Green Tree Fleet Street. at the against Civet Cat. and others. as well to one person as twenty. and every way weight.. that by was nearly four of Richard Charlesworth. . Vivat Rex." 14th. Vivat Rex. to the and satisfaction of him. be shown before seven kings in Europe she is to be seen at any time of the day. weighs 4151. agility. whose like has not been seen in to this age before she has had the honour . a carrier. On March Staifordshire. and in strength. over Exeter Exchange. in At his birth mon size. all This is to persons of quality. She till is to be seen every day from ten in the morning seven at night. but he grew so amazingly the time he was four years of age he feet in height. GIANTOLOGY AND DWAEFIANA. in the Strand. and eight Kings in Europe. at Mr. the son he was under the comfast. was born Charles. as also to the grand Czar of Muscovy. 1729.

wrote it some account of him. and its breadth five inches. and worked at his father's business. Smith. and sent Society. his eyes were sunk. the height of which was five inches and six-eighths. he gradually declined in strength and bulk and at the age of seven years his vigour was gone. Klein obtained a description and by Ruysch. also He obtained another bone of the same kind. and every sign of puberty. eight exhibited in feet some inches high.GIGAiTTIO BREGMA. and the breadth at the temples twelve inches. however. a surgeon. secretary to the Republic of Dantzic. for In the Philosophical Transactions 1740 is a paper upon a bregma of great magnitude in Wittsen's Museum at Amsterdam. by James Theodore Klein. ac- cording to the rules of the art of drawing. and he died with all the signs of extreme old age. Mr. in a village called Torneo. his body be- came totally emaciated. . could with ease carry a man as a of fourteen stone weight. with a problem to determine the size of the giant to whom it had belonged. and in breadth seven inches. He was born in Finland upon the borders of Soath little Lapland. With these materials before . 141 weighed eighty-seven pounds. From this time. In the same year a lines man six feet eight inches and eight high visited Paris. was Rouen. had hair on his body man. his head was palsied. to the Royal In 1735 a giant. of Longnor. The bregma was figure in height nine inches. representing the height of the to the head from the chin crown to be twenty inches.

which has occasioned is a report of his death) now so well recovered as to . eight feet four inches. according to others. him. seven feet eight inches Ehenish. respectively feet. in height : " This is to acquaint aU gentlemen and ladies. the height of the whole head twenty inches. Klein proposed the following problem to Dr. determine the height and breadth of the whole head of the latter. and the proportion of its were thirteen stature to that of the former. bregma five inches and threerequired to and the breadth five inches. Henry Kiihn.142 GIANTOLOGY AND DWARFIANA. according to some accounts. dred and eight inches to twenty-seven. and the breadth twelve inches. that the Living Colossus. and in the other the height of the quarters. and by taking eight lengths of the giant's head according to the rules of giant's stature art. was thirteen But being desirous also to other know the just proportion of the bregma according to strict mathematical rules. that the feet four inches. he determined that the feet four inches. who measured. contains the following advertisement of Daniel Ca- Swedish giant. Swedish. professor of mathematics at Dantzic : If in two human bodies of different stature the height of the bregma in the one be nine inches. being to each other as forty The Daily Advertiser janus. statures and nine one hundred and sixty inches and one hun. 1742. the breadth seven inches. and. the famous for September 27th. or these five wonderftJ giant (who has been weeks very dangerously ill of a fever. or The answer was.

till This is really the same giant as has been shewn gentry. in ladies. now to be seen. each person. fic- titious life It is probable that Cajanus published the work himself. 143ladies. It is humbly presiuned . who is now aUve. London. finely bound. be able to shew himself to all gentlemen and who will be pleased to honour him with their comand pany. Charing Cross. The following is a copy of one of this giant's " This is to acquaint gentlemen and handbills : Boreman. between the PotJtry the Eoyal Exchange. from his birth to the present time . Bookseller. at the sign of the Mansion House and French Horn. at the same place." " This day published. proper time. the Swedish Giant. Printed for Thomas Guildhall. and his mention of is it was intended for a " puif oblique. which has been publish'd. By the author of the Gigantick Histories. Note. that that prodigy of nature. 1742. THE SWEDISH GIANT." will be answered at a The following advertisement in the Daily Advertiser for September 23d. Office. to great numbers of the nobility and notwithstanding the petty insinuations of his recovery) to the life some people (upon hearing of contrary. London. price fourpence. —The fictitious of this giant. from the hour of nine in the morning eight at night. or Wonderftd Giant from Sweden. at the Lottery next door to the Green that of Man. the Living Cois lossus. and to be seen opposite the Mansion House." &c. at the usual price of 6d.CAJANUS. announced the above alluded to. The His- tory of Cajanus.

that he fram'd of him. and all who have hitherto seen him declare. He is near a foot taller than the late famous Saxon. The Algemeen Handelshlad of us. notwithstanding the prodigious accounts they had heard. near Charing lately a gentleman arrived from Holland . were The about small dwarf was twenty-eight inches high. Bryan Eobinson said. that there Ball. Two marble stones on a piUar at the porch of the Brouwer's chapel in Haarlem Cathedral indicate the different sizes of these two human cm-iosities. is Simon Paap. " This to give notice. and others. that twice the length of the giant's foot. and that his eofSn was nine in length. The following handbill seems Cajanus . He died at Haarlem. that at a public sale May 9th. to have relation to but it : we are unable with certainty to connect is him with Golden Cross." far exceeds any idea they had It is said that the last upon which the shoes of feet seven inches Cajanus were made was fourteen inches and a half long. 144 all GIANTOLOGT AND DWARFIAITA. or any person ever yet seen in Europe. 1860. nothing has appeared for its many ages so extraordinary in way as this surprising gentle- man. the natural curiosities -which have been exhibited to the publiek. tells which was held at Haarlem and on the 5th of that month a a shoe of the dwarf slipper of this giant. that Cajanus's pulse beat fifty-two times in a minute. 1749.. to all persons is of quality. large in proportion . in to be seen at the Great Suffolk.street. sold. Dr. on February 28th.

GflAiJT EOT OF "WILLINGHAM. He grew wonderfully for three-quarters of a year.B. and courage were such or eight years of age . drawing away her vital nourish- ment. and at his birth had something very extraordinary about him above other infants particularly in ter of the parish. He was her second child. his weight was above four stone to have as much understanding as so very strong a boy of five or six years old. when by his his mother died suddenly. near Cambridge. and was born in Swedish Finland. of The mother of this boy had been a servant in Mr. in every part in like ratio. by the Rev. Huntingdon. Almon's family. partibus generationis - — besides — being uncommonly large in his whole body. as to His strength like a man's. and between seven and eight and twenty years of age. and. overcome boys seven his voice was and very coarse and he appeared . Almon. and when only two years and eleven feet months old he was three and was nine inches high. from ten o'clock in the morning four in the afternoon. N." till one. 145 being the before . —He is to be seen for two shillings and sixpence each person. the minis- and Thomas Dawkes. having only the breast sus- tenance. After her death he continued to grow in proportion. and from two till In the Philosophical Transactions for 1745 appears an account of a gigantic boy at WiUingham.. as was supposed. He is the son of a clergyman. tallest person that ever was seen here being above eight feet high. He was L . at the house aforesaid. a surgeon. Mr.

1741. having several bald places on his head. 31st. stating that this child. 1745." He died as of extreme old age on September 3rd. and his voice deeper than that of most men . Gentleman'' s Magazine. Thomas Hall. His father was a man. A few years after the latter year Dawkes published The is to separately his Prodigium Willing- hamense.four foot high : his limbs nearly as large and strong as a man's. he from three feet eight inches grew two inches and a half: that is. churchwardens. and his mother was a woman of middle stature. He had the evidences of puberty in little a marked degree. who. from WiUingham. He presented a most piteous spectacle. 1744. that he could take facility a blacksmith's up and throw from him with much hammer which weighed sevenall teen pounds. . says under date January " There : be seen here. and the heading of Cambridge. and subjoined were the affidavits and testimonials of the midwife. 1747. Subsequently another communication was made to the Eoyal Society on the subject of this boy. giving memoirs of the boy's hfe. tho' as to aU outward appearances he is nearly arrived to a state of manhood. minister.146 GIAjSiTaLOGT AND DWAHFIANA. in under- standing not beyond children of that age. though but three is years and two months old. and a la- bourer. a son of Thomas Hall. a neighbouring village. was bom on October Between August 28th and November 30th. He was then four and upwards of seven stone in weight. and his visage . feet six inches in height. and five-tenths to three feet eleven inches. and others.

born . the brother of Antigonus. which " Stop. 1747. 1741 He was in the born in this village and same departed this hfe September 3d. not three was almost four feet high . a husband. and old age in a space of about seventy months. He in fact passed through the several stages of childhood. traveller. Hurtfield. a father. a mature person. and every way proportioned. endued with uncommon strength. an old man. HaH was bm'ied in the churchyard at Willing- ham. and a corpse. Of this strange precocity of nature we have given : another example at page 24. the time of Vespasian another at page 141 and Craterus. we find the following advertisement " There is a : young Colossus House. youth. and whole appearance being those of a decrepid 147 old man. the Mansion seven at years of age. THE YOUNG COLOSSUS. where a stone bears his epitaph in Latin. worn out with years. and wonderin English runs thus : ing know here buried lie the remains of Thomas. which happened in . the son of Thomas and Margaret Hall: who not one year old had the signs of manhood." In the Daily Advertiser for February 23d. being feet to be seen at the sign of the French opposite Horn and Mansion House. a in the space of seven years was an youth. and a stupend- ous voice age. teUs us that he knew one who infant. manhood. a boy fifteen high. 1745. a just proportion of parts.. . in Sussex and allowed by several judges . before six died as it were of an advanced October 31st.

" In the same year this young Colossus was exThe fol- New Wells. and hope for a continuance of favour." . is seven feet four inches high. greater curiosity than the famous Sweede (Daniel Cajanus) that was shewn at the above place some time ago. 1745. good will always beg leave to assure the town. for the reception of the curious. though not 16. they have provided the best of both their productions . as varieties in nature are as pleasing as those of art. the greatest that can now be shown viz. ten in the He is till to be seen any time. from and never morning nine at night. has drawn more company this season than was ever known before.148 to be a GIANTOLOGT AND DWAEFIANA. The god of wine and and to . was exhibited hibited at the to publick view before. near the London Spaw. is every even- ing to be seen at the Wells. a young Colossus. takers of the Eew Wells. and. keep them both alive the best way is to blend them therefore. introduced him of that place of amusement: to the frequenters is "Whatever in itself make its way. since thronging audi- ences have been pleased to encourage their endeavours. deity of wit have long gone hand-in-hand. in ClerkenweU. although not ushered into the world with pompous paragraphs or pageantAs an example of this truth the underlike puffs. they intend to double their pains. lowing advertisement in the Daily Advertiser for June 3d. but that we may yet hope to see a race of giant-like heroes. and must convince the world that is the ancient race of Britons not extinct. who.

Also the tall Saxon woman. In the same newspaper. says: "This is to inform others. 1745. and to be . from ten those in the morning tiU eight at night. in short. near the London Spaw. to be seen at Mr. 1751." The same newspaper. and come to this place. for an interlude was "to be introduced the wonderful little who is allowed to be the greatest curiosity in the memory of man. he may be justly stil'd a phenomenon in nature. This wonder in nature thought by who have already privately seen him. Charing-cross. and much superior in straightuess to any one ever exhibited to publick view of an uncommon size. that there is for all January 10th. to be the tallest of the human species in Europe. peruke-maker. at the New Wells. con- following advertisement: "The modern is living Colossus. at Is. ladies." The Daily Advertiser tains the March 4th. large in proportion. feet high. being only two feet ten inches high. 1753. according to an advertisement. and wears his beard after his own country's fashion. Clerkenwell. and in every way proportionable." During the season of the year following. for August 3d. gentlemen.TALL SAXON WOMAN. and sixty years of age. facing the Mews-walk within two doors of the Panopticon. is each person. between is whom and for the Lilliputian Po- lander there to be a country dance. or wonderful giant. read : 149 we " The wonderful young Giant will perform on the rope this present Saturday. seven Polander. at the New Wells. Squire's.

after they have seen her. full six feet six inches and a half. The price for may till be left to their own satisfaction. next door to the pastrycook's. Note. and every way well-made and . and every way propor- tioned. seen at the chandler's shop." The same newspaper for September 18th. from the county of She exceeds in stature all (tho' not twenty years of age) that ever yet appeared in publick. being six foot seven inches and a half high. —He " An which begins being absolutely obliged to go abroad. never tasted a morsel of meat or cheese his limbs and features are extremely neat which is in proportion to his size. tall young woman. is very extraordinary. fair. lived and what . 1754. She is to be seen from ten in the morning eight at night. always upon simples . strait. a surprising Surrey. she being perfectly the honour to be distinction. seventeen years of age. opposite Mr.150 GIANTOLOGY ASD DWAEFIiNA. weU made. says that there had " Just arrived from the mountains of Moran. of a surprising stature and beauty." : In 1755 appeared the following handbiU Italian giant is arrived in this city . Bence's win never be shewn after this this day. and is to be seen during Southbooth. he is eight feet high. shewn before universal with and may truly be said to be the wonder and admiration of gentlemen and ladies the present age. Charing-eross. and has had several persons of satisfaction. a youth. and nineteen years of age his equal has never been . proportionable. the corner of Spring-gardens. wark fair.

a giant : .GIGLI. as well in England as in most parts of Europe. also represents this says : Gentleman's Magazine " During the course of for November. each person. Near the skeleton were .who. nor any come higher than his arm -pit." In September of the same year a newspaper announced that " The ItaKan giant. To be seen at the bot- tom of the Haymarket. tho' but nineteen years of age. He has had the honour to be seen at several foreign courts with great applause. and one shilhng each person. whose whole-length when he was nineteen Another giant. THE ITALIAN GIANT. was Bernardo high. about seven feet from the surface. will be exhibited during the time of South- wark fair. from ten in the morning night. who has been beheld with astonishment." about the same person indeed ! In 1756 appeared the following advertisement " The Italian giant. next to the Prince till Orange eight at coffee-house. is eight feet high. Tlje years of age. eight at night. after which he will immediately out for Ireland. 1757. and eight feet after Millington. each person set . rather smaller. 151 seen. month. near Price Is. GrigK. the bottom of Pall-mall. print. near Newcastle. at a com- modious apartment. was engraved by Fougeron. at 6d. as some this colliers were sinking a new pit on Gateshead Mo«r. they found the entire skeleton of a man of a gigantic size in a bed of stiff clay. till is to be seen from ten in the morning the Haymarket." Tliis individual portrait. and of admirable symmetry.

in 1759. The feet when living.152 GIANTOLOGT AilD DWARFIANA. were their other children taller than ordinary.quarries. ComeKus J. for he then measured six feet . feet three inches from the knee it. and probably a mere repetition of the first fact. where he was followed about the streets by crowds of people on account of his extraordinary size." for the same year repeats that on this story says. In July. 1762^ Cornelius. to The head had is. died at College Green. "At feet a quarry near Full- near Sunderland. for April. MacGrath. which mea- sured nine feet six inches in length. was found. His parents were not remarkable for their stature. the shin-bone measuring two the ankle. found three small pieces of very ancient person. Dubhn. 7 60. measured nine Annual Register and in 1763 it and upwards. the skeleton of a man The . upon the removal of a ridge of lime . within five miles of the silver mines. in the year 1736. He was common country people. the bones laid compact. tells us that in the preceding month. being of the medium size . must have been near eight lain there high . and must have many hun- dred years. coin. Fullwell-hills. near Durham. measuring seven feet eight inches. visited the city of Cork. nor. then about sixteen years of age." The same magazine. with a mistake in the year. On May born of 20th. 1758. limestone and rubbish in the was found the skeleton of a human body. in the county of Tipperary. the giant. well-hills. teeth in This may be.

fifteen inches in length. where he has been a year going into the salt water for rheumatic pains. which he carried about with him. cider. being exactly 7 feet 9 inches three quarters high" (these figures are incorrect). they appeared to be growinghe grew from a little over five feet to the above-mentioned stature in the space of one year. last The of his shoes. Dr. he came hither from Youghal. and was very kind to him. of Cork. for However. pains.MACGEATH AND DE. of a most gigantick stature. is An tiser. causing great care to be taken of him. says The London Daily Adver" There of August 4th in that year. measured He always ate and drank very moderately. "he is clumsy made. under the heading : is now in this city one Cornelius Magrath. July 24th. which the physicians is now say were growing-pains. for he size grown to the monstrous he is of within these twelve months." . His hand was then as large as a middling-sized shoulder of mutton. BEEKELET. his drink being chiefly which he took only at his meals. the Bishop of Cloyne. In the preceding year he ^Yas limbs. for much afflicted with violent pains in his salt which he bathed in water as for rheimiatism. account of MacGrath given in the London Magazine for July. which joint he could cover with that member. which almost crippled him. until he recovered the proper use of his limbs. kept him at his house for a month or more. a boy of 15 years 11 months old. 153 eight inches and three-quarters. Berkeley. 1752. talks boyish and simple.

owing to an intermittent fever with which he had been attacked in first Flanders. at Florence. beating nearly sixty times a minute. His complexion was then miserably pale and sallow. and his legs . from eight in the morning. He greatly surpasses Oajanus the Sweed. at till seen. While he was Bristol. The Daily Advertiser for January Slst. 1753. 1760. seven feet three inches in He is height. ten at night. he was persuaded to exhibit himself in a show." He great afterwards went to Paris. MacGrath retired to his native country in a very bad state of health. He was . the just proportion of his limbs and is the truest and best proportioned figure ever be seen at the Peacock. a physician wrote a small and naturalist. who daily resort to see him.154 GIANTOLOGT AND DWAEFIAJSTA. in . to have the most is stupendous and gigantic form (altho' a boy). : contains the following advertisement in this city. mentioned lately in the newspapers. and to most of the cities in Europe. entitled Lettere sopa una Giante. John Bianchi. and for that purpose he went to and thence to London. as the most extraordinary production in nature. his pulse very quick. about 1757. " Just arrived from Ireland. at Cork. the youth. without shoes. pamphlet concerning him. and the only representation in the world of the antient and magnificent giants of that kingdom. sixteen years of age the 10th of last to March and is Charing Cross. His wrist measures a quarter of a yard and an inch. He is allowed by the nobility and gentry. In March.

This is said to have been the origin of . Upon his death. in Dublin. whatever it might be . on the authority of Watkinson's JPhilosophical Survey of Ireland. does not Dr. on certain feed- and under a course of experimental ing. his body. The Annual Register 1760. brought up MacGrrath.GIANT MAKING. Watkinson says : "The bishop had a strange fancy to know whether it was not in the power of art to An unhappy orphan increase the human stature. which then 'j measured seven well preserved. J. prelate's real principles to a poor peasant lad. in chronicling MacGrath's death. appeared to him a fit subject for trial. that the were charity and humanity who had for the misfortune to lose the use of his limbs through his abnormal growth." high in his MacGrath's body was stolen by the students of Trinity College on the day on which he was to have been waked. He made his essay according to his preconceived theory. Berkeley's experiment in circulate the story of artificial giantology. and that he succeeded. 1777. was dissected at is still Trinity College. But the truth appears to be. that Bishop child. is stated. 155 were swollen. feet eight inches. that he (the feet orphan M'G-rath) became seven sixteenth year. and of newsBerkeley papers of the year 1760. Hilaire's Histoires des Anomalies. St. it but states the incident as we have given above. and the consequence was. with the view of producing a giant. an orphan principles. where his skeleton ' In 1832. it Gr.

of for 1760 records the death. and one foot four inches and a half deep . chest. one foot three inches. and a slight lateral curvature in the it is lumbar region. In other respects its in good proportion. MacGrath's The Annual Register in that year. portrait has been engraved. twelve inches long. eleven inches long . Hare. the feud between the students and the coal-porters of Dublin. a small-sized student named legs.O. ten leg. Hare one day ran between MacGrath's and he strained himself in recovering his balance.156 GIAOTOLOGY AiN^D DWAEFIANA. one foot seven inches long. strength in the cervical vertebra. fourteen inches and a half long. which is rather short for his size.T. ulna. from which accident he mately died. across from crest of illium to that of the opposite side. The following are measurements: From the top of the head to the feet seven feet nine inches . hu- merus. at the James MacDonald. He was at arm's a great friend of the students. clavicle. foot. who was father of the late Dr. failed in health. and ulti- MacGrrath's skeleton displays great size and pro- minence in the lower jaw. F. inches. one foot eight inches across. which has continued to this day. near Cork. . and hardly consistent with the alleged length of the last of his shoes . and he used to raise by the collar of his coat and hold out length. two feet one inch long . eight inches and three-quarters long. femur.D. Hare. from the end of fingers to wrist-joint. sterum. and one foot eight inches and a quarter long. for a long time. Mr.

In August. . His limbs were larger than his height required . Early in this course life this mail was exhibited for profit . and his hands and fingers were of such a prodigious size that a lady's bracelet might have served him for a ring. afterwards called O'Brien. from the city of Cork. where he was a day-labourer until within three years of his death. giant. were more than proportionable to his height. for he could eat nearly four pounds of solid meat at each meal. he measured eight In 1782 he had gained two inches .GIANT AT CORK. was above the ordinary According his advertisement in a newspaper of April 24th. the famous Irish feet. for giants rarely live to . often attain a venerable age. while his health continued. In 1716 he returned to his native country. he was eight his relations to 1780. and the height of seven feet six inches. on the contrary. and after his death feet four inches in length. and enlisted as a grenadier. at about a mile distant His is alleged age of one hundred and seventeen years very doubtful . 1760. About 1761 was born Charles Byrne. and drink strong liquors in proportion. and his health requiring a good deal of exercise he took to the less profitable but more active employment of a soldier. and still rarer to be centenarians while dwarfs. He served from the year 1685 until the rebellion. 157 age of one hundred and seventeen years. 1782. He died on August 20th. His eating and drinking. Not one of size. but obHged him to be much confined. be old men. without being in the least intoxicated.

and never was in this metropolis before Thursday. the came to London on To be seen 11th of that month: " Irish this Griant. Hours of admittance every day. in his large elegant room. Spring Garwho is full allowed to be the is tallest man in the world. 11 till 3. and in proportion accord- ingly. from 8. as he proposes shortly to the Continent. was not the at modern Hving for Colossus. or wonderftJ no sooner was he arrived an ele- gant apartment at the cane-shop. there was a man shewed himself and endeavoured them. Sundays excepted. and every day week. and from 5 till at half-a-crown each person. next door to Cox's Museum. to some time past Piccadilly. than the curious of . The nobility and gentry are requested for to take notice. pose himself on the public for the Irish Giant . only 21 years of age. Mr. His stay will not visit be long in London. 1782 : may be. this." That he attracted considerable attention is evi- denced by the following paragraph in a newspaper " However striking a curiosity of May 6th. Byrne. at the top of the Haymarket. in Spring Gardengate. as to assure it was an imposi- he is the only Irish Giant. the surprising Irish Giant.158 he first GIAiJTOLOGr AND DWAEFIANA. there is generally some difficulty in engaging the attention of the public. his height eight feet two inches. next door to late Cox's dens. but even this case with the Irish Giant . Byrne begs leave tion. at the cane- shop. Mr. Museum. the llthinst. and im- who advertised.

or pen of the most ingenious writer. the Living Colossus. can suffi- ciently describe the elegance. in re" Harlequin Teague. man has been seen by abundance of the nobility and gentry. measures eight This extraordinary young feet two inches high. being sensible that a lilce : prodigy this never made its appearance among frankly- us before and the most penetrating have declared. 114. and to be seen in an elegant apartment. symmetry. and other admirers of natural curiosities. 1782. and affords an agi'eeable surprize . at the cane-shop." may be obtained on a judicious In the same year the summer panto- mime at the ference to Byrne. his person truly shaped and proportioned to his height. shewn in London in 1733. advertised " Just arrived in London. or wonderful Irish Giant. and the late Swedish giant will scarce admit of com» Vide p. he excels the famous Maximilian MiUer. next door to the house late Cox's Museum. or the Giant's Causeway. that neither the tongue of the most florid orator. Haymarket Theatre was entitled." A newspaper of August 12th. Royal Society. His address is singular and pleasing.: 159 all degrees resorted to see him. likewise of the faculty. and description must short of giving that satisfaction which inspection.* born in 1674. who allow him to surpass any- thing of the same kind ever offered to the public. and pro- portion of this wonderful that all phenomenon fall infinitely in nature. . in Spring Gar- den-gate. only 21 years of age.

Mittenius's. that he is beyond what is set forth in ancient or modern history. to an elegant apartment at Mr. a circumstance so seldom to be found in any extraordinary natiu-al production. Nor does less that height to (however extraordinary) afford satisfaction the virtuosi in general. till four in the after- noon. Byrne removed from Springthe following advertisement in Irish G-iant embraces. and measures upwards of eight feet two inches high. or pencil delineate. The the most respectful manner. have bestowed the greatest en- comiums on him. confectioner. In short. who have honoured him their departure have ex- with their company. &c.' Shakespear. let suffice to say. : GIANTOLOaT AND DWARFIANA. Sundays excepted. that he re- moved from the corner shop. him is more than the mind can the tongue express. is This astonishing human production but 22 years of age.— 160 parison. Charing-cross. Ladies and gentlemen are re- spectfully informed that the hours of admittance are from eleven in the morning day. and on the sight of pressed their appr9bation and satisfaction. gentry. as appears by " Irish Giant. conceive. than his amazing proportion to that stupendous size . 6d" In the same j"ear. and from six to seven in the evening everj' Admittance 2s. and stands without a parallel in this or any other country. The ingenious and judicious. the earliest opportunity of is acquainting the nobility. ' Take him for all in all. we shall scarce look on his like again. To enumerate every particular would be it too tedious.. gardens. . Spring-gardens.

Charing-cross. The Irish Griant embraces. N. To prevent any misunderstanding. This modern Colossus is but 22 years of age. to the sign of the Hamp- to Hog. Hom-s of admittance from eleven in the morning tiU four in the afternoon. &c. every day. Giant. 6d. that he has removed to an elegant apartment at Mr. or perhaps any other age can produce. the earliest opportunity of acquainting the nobility." subsequently removed from Charing-cross to He Piccadilly. he removed as No. children and servants in livery. as we learn from the foJlowing notice in a : newspaper of November 29th. : appears by the following advertisement " Irish The Irish Giant respectfully informs the nobility. hours of admittance are from eleven to to seven. 2s. 1782 " Irish Giant. measures shire 1 Piccadilly. 2s. to be the greatest natural curiosity ever seen in this or any other kingdom.. Haynes's. gentry. . 12 Cockspm'-street.B. gentry. Ad- mittance to ladies and gentlemen." In 1783. and from six to seven at night.161 this. and pubhc in general. and allowed by who "have seen him. Mittenius's. Ladies and gentlemen are respectfully informed that the fovir. and six Sunday excepted. no person will be admitted for one shilling. that he has removed from Mr. is is well proall height. Admittance each person. in the most respectful maimer. M . except children and servants to in livery. 6d. No. where he continues upwards of eight portioned to liis feet two inches high. Is. be seen this and every day (Sundays excepted).

each day. as has been ciently demonstrated from the repeated approbation characters in Great Britain first dis- of numbers of the first and Ireland. says : A newspaper of April 23d. however amazing. the age of twenty-two years and his death was said have been hastened by excessive drinking. which he had invested in two bank notes. Sunday excepted. Admittance Byrne died to in June. and measm'es upwards of eight feet two inches in height nor does that size. public-house facing the King's-mews. as well as foreigners of the tinction. in Cockspur-street. few evenings visit the 1783. "The Irish Giant a since. 162 GIANTOLOGY Am> DWAEFIANA. which had been taken out of his pocket. at . one being for 700Z.. afford less satisfaction to the spectator. is amazing phenomenon indisputably the most ex- traordinary production of the human species ever suffi- beheld since the days of Goliah. where seen from 11 to 4. by the of upwards of 7001. lie is No. and the other for 70Z. 12 Cockspur-street." In his last moments he requested. to which he was always addicted. in bank notes. than his exact proportion Is. taking a lunar ramble. from several of whom he has had the most invitations to is pressing visit the continent. 1783. was tempted to a little Black Horse. This truly and 6 to 7. found himself a less man than he had been the beginning loss of the evening. and before he returned to his own apartments. This astonishing Colossus but 22 years of age." in every respect. but more particularly after the loss of almost all his property. that after his .

a newstribe of paper of June 5th. : Thus. possession which purpose they wander remains from place to place. of June 13th. tions is The for object of these ^sculapian delibera- to get the . " Since the death of the Irish Giant. poor departed giant into their after his fee.STRUGGLE FOR A GIANT'S CORPSE. fums than ever were breathed by the whole gigantic race. and terrier-like. in order to his being ready at hand. 1783. in Ms remains might be thrown into the order that his bones might not be obtained by the surgeons. has gone so fax as to One of them have a niche made for himself in the giant's coiEn. and mutter more faw. unearth him!" by A newspaper of June 18th says Byrne's " body was . when they attempted !" to scale heaven and dethrone Jupiter Another journalist on June 16th wrote Irish giant. that they have offered a : "So anxious are the surgeons to have possession of the ransom of 800 rejected guineas to the undertakers. This sum being they are determined to approach the churchyard regular works. there have been more physical consultations held. than ever were convened to keep Harry the Eighth in existence. when church- yards yawn. says " The whole surgeons put in a claim for the poor departed Irish Giant. on the ' witching time of night.' " says : Another newspaper. and surrounded his house just as Greenland harpooners would an enormous whale. death 163 sea. The journaUsts of the time well obtain satirised the members of the medical profession for their great anxiety to Byrne's body.

." Downs. or 800Z. are determined to pursue their valuable prey e\en in the profoundest depth of the aquatic regions bells. It has been stated that Byrne was buried in St. is says that has reason " to believe that this report merely a tub thrown out Byrne's coffin was eight feet three inches long. London. gave 500Z. and have therefore provided a pair of diving flatter with which they themselves they shall be its able to weigh hulk gigantic from watery grave !" The Annual Register for 1783. . being ninety -two inches and it three-quarters high . two feet eight inches over the shoulders. the tradition being that the celebrated anatomist. for his body. low. where to be sunk in twenty fathom water : the body-hunters. William Hunter. and shows that the owner was knock-kneed. however. . The cranium presents the long it is proportionately much de- and has a narrow. Martin's churchyard but his skeleton is now in the Hunterian Museum of the Royal in College of Surgeons. which are relatively shorter than those of the lower. and narrow form. with the exception of the bones of the upper parts. referring to the stateto the ment that the it body had been conveyed to the whale. The skeleton it is not so tall as Byrne is alleged to have been. and retreating fore- head. pressed. and twenty- one inches deep inside.164 GIANTOLOGY AND DWAEFIASA. The bones generally are well proportioned to the extraordinary height of the individual. last shipped on board a vessel in the river night in it is order to be conveyed to the Downs.

apprehensive of being robbed. viz. The Gentleman's Magazine for 1784 tells us that. who it. insisted that given value for . the Irish giant. in but the executor to proving that noprevious to his had been given of the theft exchanging the notes. was published at Edinburgh. 165 In 1783 Byrne's portrait." This settlement shows the incorrectness relates that of a story which Byrne.. In 1845 his shoes were in the possession of a Mr. was proposed and accepted. Thorne. in cash. the other of to That of 700Z. size at near Ohertsey. " a remarkable cause wliich was to have been tried at Guildhall was made It up by compromise. Their enormous made them look more like the large models displayed by tradesmen over their shops as signs. one of 700Z. . on July 10th in that year. concealed his bank-note for 700Z. in his fireplace before going to bed at night . than the ordinary coverings of human feet. Atkinson. .LAWSUIT ABOUT GIANT'S MOKET. and that a servant lighting a fire there in the morning con- sumed the valuable document accidentally. Byi-ne. he had was traced goods tice Mr. who resided Addleston. in Surrey. Bj'^rne and 300Z. had been robbed of two bank70/. 400Z. Another portrait is at the Eoyal College of Surgeons. a compromise of 500Z. engravocl by Kay. notes appeared that the late Mr. and each party paid their own costs.

whose stature was not above the comalias O'Brien. but he refused to be exhibited without receiving some remuneration for himself besides his food.— CHAPTER Patrick Cotter. stipulated his father. per annum. for his from his father by a speculative uncommon size. or O'Brien—let to a VIII. showman for years at 601. Patrick Cotter. another celebrated . and lodging. at Kinsale. for in the contract made with The showman there- . Showman—described by Ma Barber Irish Giant and Dwarf advertised as a Descendant of King Brien Boreau — —Infant — Cotter described Giants — Gigantic Twin Brothers— Cotter at Sadler's Wells Theatre his Advertisements his Marriage ^his Effect on a Hackney- coachman The Man Moimtain Cotter with a Dwarf in his Pocket compared with a Scotchman Letter written by Cotter Feat of Gallantry critically described by a Surgeon— Noctm'nal Walks frightens a Highwayman Cotter's Watch Death and Burial his Portraits— Irish Giants A manufac- — — — — — — tured Irish Giant— Contracts with Giants— Large Skeletons found in Cornwall— at E welm— at Charterhouse — Tall Children at York— Edward Bamford— Huge Thigh-bones— Tall Man in ClerkenweU— Female Giant from Anspock — Swedish Giants —Herefordshire Colossus—Gigantic Boys—Lovelace Love Swiss Giant— Giant and Fairy—John Ashley—Large Skeleton in Ireland — Elizabeth Fairman — Peruvian Giant— The Gentle Giantess of Oxford—James ToUer—William Bradley. On his arrival at Bristol with his proprietor Cotter was miderlet to another showman mere . of poor parents. giant. He was originally a bricklayer but when hired three only a youth he was. clothing. — — — — — — About 1760 was born mon. in Ireland.

and his freedom at a fair then held at St. as appears by a mendacious handbill. that he earned thirty pounds in three Byrne. article in the Mirror for 1826. that Cotter. IRISH GIANT. and caused Cotter to be liberated. occurring in September. with this exception —that Mr. the giant. and with such good success days. sor. he exhibited himself for his own profit James's. he occupied his travelling carriage. as we gather from an giant's hairdresser. he proved the contract made to be illegal. whose descend- ant he was alleged to be. was certainly of a more He then appeared to be in his seven- . mentioned his benefactor in his At the time of his liberation he was about eight- een years of age. all his life For this act of charity Cotter manifested a most Hvely sense of gratitude. and even will. which announced his appearance in Before he came to London he seems to have visited Northampton. his succeswho commenced to exhibit himself shortly before Byrne's death. had acquired the cognomen also of an Irish king. in fact. changed his name to that of O'Brien. lofty O'Brien's vehicle description. in a debtor's prison but the circumstances becoming known to some benevolent person. written by a Northampton tonsor —the now first He says " It is nearly forty years since this prodigy of nature made his appearance in the town of Northampton. 167 upon incarcerated the young giant for a fictitious debt . so much fame. Like other great men. under the name of O'Brien.: COTTER. public.

O'Brien freshed expressed himself as greatly by these short excursions sleep they enabled retired to him to enjoy refreshing when he his beds — for the useless. in the fullest degree. the respected landlord of the George Inn. and his standing position erect his and commanding. measuring with amazAlthough I considered myself life. eight seven inches and tlu-ee-fourths. the honour devolved official upon me to attend him in my capacity of tonsor. and he possessed. re- him company. . his countenance remarkably healthful. in order to bear my walk Mr.168 GTANTOLOGY AND DWARFIANA. The mildness of intel- temper was conspicuous. teenth year. After the exhibition of the day. a clever pedestrian at that period of my I found myself under the necessity of changing into a run. . O'Brien be- came the guest of Mr. and when the dwarfs of Northampton had retired to their cribs. near to the parish church of All Saints. and therefore he had two joined his Equal courage was combined with strength. During his residence at this hospitable inn. At that period Mr. this proud giant of the earth would take his morning walk. did not make him was a appear disproportionate in every respect he well-made man. His stature. Page. ing strides the distance between the George Inn and Queen's-cross. and he possessed ligence of a superior order to that usually discovered by the individuals of the trade apprenticed to which he was feet — a bricklayer. his features were regularly formed. common bed of humanity would have been together. being .

Mr. ' I have somewhere read of the danger of taking a lion by the beard. something after the manner of Wallace the lion It with the famous Billy. in Bridge-street. O'Brien was visited by an immense number of persons. was instructive and humorous. of rat-killing memory. by the collar. and shorn his bristling crop. held him out at arm's and gave him three or four mild agitations. whiflFed his tobacco into a flame.GIANT DESCEIBBD BY HIS BAEBER. his conversation. during his residence here. and stalked away taken place. by illiberal allusions to the land of The Philistine was sensible of the insult. 169 imper- An tinent visitant excited his choler one day. It is now upwards of thirty years since he last visited this place. one of the iden- tical shoes that trod the pathway to Queen's-oross . and. seized the prig length.' but I have taken a giant by the nose. however. him an easy method of When at the door of Mr. O'Brien enjoyed his early pipe. he withdrew the cap of the lamp. the -vvarm temperament of an Irishman. as if no uncommon event had certainly the his pa- This gentleman was greatest friend that ever honotu-ed me by tronage. His morning walk was then King's Thorpe . Dent. as a memento of his esteem. who were astonished at his magnitude. to some distance beyond falling-off but ! ' what a was there' in his pedestrianism he seemed like a pillar shaken still by the wind. his birth. and the lamps of the town afforded lighting it. and deliglited by his manners. taught the ' gemman' to respect his superior. Mr.

as they have the most pressing invitations to go to Paris. and to be seen at the late bird-shop. perhaps earlier. and esteemed to be the most proportioned ever seen." We are unable to fix the exact time when Cotter first visited London for exhibition. and late bird-shop. the astonish- ing giant." The advertisement goes on to describe a female dwarf. but he certainly for a was there in 1785. the corner of the Haymarket and whose height Piccadilly. 1782. of June 20th. who was as exhibited at the same place. surpasses the Patagonian ." A to handbill of the same period invited the public contrast. has been suspended in whilst my shop during a generation. the astonishing Irish giant. with admirable symmetry of body. see "The great Just arrived from Ireland. phsenomenon in nature has had the honour be seen of by a great number of nobility and gentry. the corner of the Haymarket & Piccadilly. who we incKne to think was another person.: 170 GIANTOLOGT AND DWARFIAKA. many . advertised an perhaps was Cotter. or tall man. The advertisement runs to be seen at the " Just arrived from Ireland. twenty-two years old. who has had the honour of This amazing to being shewn to their majesties at Kew. foot that the giant frame its and the mighty was once tenant having long since mouldered into common dust. follows : and it concludes " The nobility and gentry are hereby acquainted that their stay will be short. and thirty-two inches high. although that he newspaper Irish giant.

he stands on his his feet bold to assure them. and several ladies and gentlemen who to are lovers of natural curiosities." Apart from the fiction of his relation- . and wears only eight own hair. that notwithstanding the innuendo which has been given out by the infant giants. whose patronage and protection he shall be proud to merit. though Brien Boreau.KING BKIEN BOEEAU. which -he hopes to ateighteen tain before he is of age. some foreign miaisters. his ancestor. James'sadvertise- whence he issued the following St. To prevent an improper four is 2s. who have given him the most pressing invitations to exhibit in their respective The biU then goes on to describe the female dwarf whom we St. and by gentlemen from most countries com-ts. He acknowledges he is three inches and a half high. mixture of company the price of admission from eleven in the forenoon till from four tiU seven only Is. O'Brien has the honour to present his respects to the nobiHty. have mentioned above. In 1785 Cotter exhibited himself in street." in Europe. was nine feet high. that he own feet without deception. who allow him be of a stupenduous height. being now between and nineteen years old. the puissant ancient king of Ireland. 171 the Royal Socieiy. ment: "No. O'Brien has no is art to add to his stu- pendious height. James' s-street. and esteemed to be the best proportioned of his size they ever saw. gentry. and publick. Mr. He per- has been seen with agreeable surprise by many sons of distinction from abroad. 30.. Mr.

Cotter made a sensation at the time . following handbill : April. These extra- men have had the honour to be seen by the gentlemen of the to surpass faculty. — the James's giant has called the other giants which are in town. They issued in " Irish Giants. These wonderful Irish giants are but twenty-four years of age. 2 Spring -gardens. for in a newspaper of May : 10th. and other admirers of natural curiosity. who allowed them offered to any thing of the same kind ever Their address is the public. and measure very near eight ordinary young feet high." The giants herein alluded to we think were feet two brothers named Knipe. the The most sm-- prising gigantic twin brothers are just arrived in this metropolis. born in 1674. and . King Boreau. and affords an agreeable surprise they excell the famous Maximilian Miller. this advertisement contains a misstatement about Ms age. as compared to himself. Charing -cross. 1785. shewn in . and to be seen at the Silk-dyer's.. to their their persons truly shaped and proportionate : height. singular and pleasing. ap- peared the following paragraph "It seems as though we should have a war of the giants St. No. 1785. positively asserts they can walk under his arm if so. they will have but an unequal conflict is yet report says that a public challenge to be exhibited for the expected amusement of the town. 172 ship to GIANTOLOGY AND DWAEFIANA. each being seven two inches high. Eoyal Society. for he was certainly older than nineteen years It is clear that when it appeared. the infant giants.

in the piece. every day. who measures edly the raidoubt- tallest man ever in this kingdom.GIANT AT SADLER'S WELLS. 173 London in 1733. the tongue express. or pencil parallel in this or delineate. Sd." In July. is lady. ' Take them for all and all. and the affability of his manners render his appearance quite pleasing. Servants in livery 6^. and stands without a other country. and on their departure have express'd their approbation satisfaction. we shall scarce look on their like again. we learn from a newspaper issued on the 7 th of : that month is "In the entertainment at Sadler's Wells infroduced the amazing Irish giant O'Brien. and In short the sight of them is more than any the mind can conceive. they are beyond what history. Tradesmen as Is. obliged to ascend a flight of and with great ease he shakes . and from five to eight in the evening. The The juvenility of his countenance. Price of admission for ladies and gentlemen 2s. 1785. steps to salute him. eight feet four inches high . Cotter appeared at Sadler's Wells. wonld be too tedious is let it suffice to say. Sundays excepted. particular.' Ladies and gentlemen are respectfully informed that their hours of admittance are from eleven in the morning to three in the afternoon. and the late Sweedish giant will scarce admit of a comparison. tliat To enumerate every . set forth in ancient or modern The ingenious and judicious who have honoui-ed them with their company have bestowed on them the most lavish encomiums.

however various the revolutions in point of for- tune or alliance. 30 St. a lineal descendant of the old puissant King Brien Boreau.174 GIANTOLOGY AND DWAEFIANA. and who has all in his person and appearance the simihtude of that great and grand potentate. which has been so pecuhar to is to their between eighteen and nineteen years of age. that joins the chorus of a song perfectly in time and tune. James's-street." Later in the year. Strand. His family height is family. the wonderfiil Irish Giant. Patrick O'Brien. that year An advertisement in says : " The Irish giant. this evening." St. from the Strand. that It is remarkable of this family. the morning till To be seen from eleven in Mr. indisputably the tallest man in this kingdom. tumblers. he again visited the Wells. wiU who measures eight feet make his first appearance. . of the kingdom of Ireland. to No. In the summer of 1785 Cotter removed from James's-street to the Strand. which a singing duck. a is new species of ftm and laughter. The gentleman alluded . Mr. removed from No. the lineal descendants thereof have been favoured by providence with that original size and stature. the tallest man ever seen in this kingdom. O'Brien. where he was announced among follows : dancers. seven in the evening. facing So- merset House. 333. four inches high. about September or October. and measm-es eight feet three inches and a half high. and performing dogs as "At Sadler's Wells. opposite Somerset House. hands with the spectators in the upper boxes is there also in the same entertainment.

with- name of Cave. that a number of people go about arts to shew themselves as tall and deceptions. in person and appearance. who to a winter exhi- bited his person in St. O'Brien assures the publick the tallest man now exhibiting in this king- dom is not higher than his shoulder. Admittance only one shilling each. and publick.giant's maeeiage. gentry. which he hopes is to attain by the time he is of age." A newspaper of October 19th. and is justly allowed to be the greatest wonder of the age. It is remarkable of this family. of one. be termed the Giant's Cave. evening. and has. is a lineal descendant of the old and puissant King Brien Boreau. tiU nine in the Mr. advertised as follows: "Lyceum. Cotter's marriage : 1786. the lineal descendants . of the kingdom of Lreland. for more reasons than out impropriety. from eleven in the morning. informs us of last " O'Brien. the young woman. indisputably the tallest man ever shewn." Another newspaper of June 13th. that he is to be seen in commodious apartments. a great exactness all of proportion. was lately married at Pancras Church. 1789. high beyond conception. at the in the Strand. that however various the revolutions in point of fortune or alhance. Lyceum. may now. but Mr. James's-street. O'Brien. Strand. by various gentry wiU please to observe. The nobihty and men. who she lived in Bolton-row. Picca- dilly. every day (Sundays ex- cepted). all the similitude of that great and grand potentate. The celebrated Irish giant informs the nobility. He of an athletic make. 175 nine feet.

which he hopes to attain by the time he is is of age. : entered a hackney-coach the coachman did not see him go in. " you tised all. an athletic make all . Admittance one shilling. and justly allowed to be the greatest wonder of the age. to visit a friend the other night. which have been so peculiar to their family. that he cannot in grati- tude for so generous a countenance and protection. He of .. but on seeing him go out stood amazed ha^ang met a brother of the whip a few minutes after. 176 GIANTOLOGT AND DWAEFIANA." On : the 17th of the following month Cotter advermountain. N. the Irish giant. finds himself so honoured in the concourse of distinguished personages the who have lately visited him at his apartments at Lyceum. in the Strand. a great exactness of proportion high. for I have just carried the Monument. but I have done more than he exclaimed. His family height nine feet. " The Irish giant. highly O'Brien. thereof have been favoured original size by providence with to that and stature. omit informing them." man in this kingdom is not higher than his A journal of June having occasion 17th. O'Brien assures them that will please to observe that a . The gentleman alluded measures is eight feet four inches high. by various arts and deceptions but Mr. Ladies and gentlemen number of people go about to shew themselves as tall men.B. beyond conception . me. relates the follow: ing anecdote of Cotter " O'Brien the Irish giant. the tallest shoulder. that he shall continue to exhibit . or man Mr. 1789.


IN giant's POCKET.


a few days longer, in order that such of them as

have not yet seen him
Dr. Robert Bigsby

may have

an opportunity pre-

vious to his departure from the metropoHs."

us that his late father, at

a masonic banquet held in a lodge in Parliamentstreet,

Nottingham, about 1790-1792, saw Cotter
hrs coat pocket a dwarf,

draw from


was, as the

doctor believes. Count Boruwlaski.

The Mirror


1830 says


" Most English perstrangers



Scotland as


witli the stature

and proportions of the generahty
male and female ; and those of our




readers conversant with Edinburgh pleasantry wiU

probably acknowledge both the justice and keenness
of the satire which terms a certain pavi, near a certain





Giant's Causeway.'
lately that Scotland

However, we did not know


had produced a rival to the celebrated O'Brien, of
Irish birth.






some years

since, exhibiting,

amongst other


Yarmouth, a Scotch gentleman of good family
at the time,

and large fortune, who was passing through the


sent a note to him, stating his

and requesting an interview, quite privately, with O'Brien, as he did not and could not make of They met the same himself a public exhibition.

evening at the hotel where O'Brien lodged; and

upon measuring, the Scotch gentleman's height was
found to exceed that of his brother giant of Erin


half an inch."




In 1799 Cotter was in Liverpool, whence he wrote

to a friend at Bristol about the lease of

some pre-

mises there.
session of Ml".

The original

letter is


in the pos-

John Bullock, of Sevenoaks, through

whose kindness the author

able to give a copy of

It is written

on a whole sheet of foolscap paper,
It bears the Liver-

having the water-mark of 1798.
pool postal mark, and

plainly written in a large

hand; but the composition and the strange use of
capital letters clearly

show that Cotter was an





epistle is directed outside to

" Mr.


Watts, High Street, Bristol ;" and the inside

runs as follows

Dr g

Liverpool, June 18, 99.

" This Day I Eece* yours


you think you
Give you what

Can get 28
you Ask

£30 a year



you say there so pleasent Advance £20 more, which will Be £330 But no

them And

Lease withought








as soon as the wrightings is


I'm Ash'*

drawn or before if of Trebling you so often abought



Wright no more. I thank you
Direct as before

A few


Retxirn post

M' Wilk°
But they

says ir° send the stocking in three weeks.

have been Three years coming






to think of

him, from yours sinserley




A newspaper

of 1800 says


" O'Brien, the Irish

giant, yesterday returned to tovra, performed


giant's gallantry.


days ago an


feat of gallantry.

For a

wager of


he kissed, en passant, a young lady at

a garret window."

London, in 1804, was announced " Just arrived in tovra, and to be seen in a commodious room, at No. 11 Haymarket, nearly
arrival in

as follows

opposite the Opera House, the celebrated Irish giant,

Mr. O'Brien,
putably the

of the

kingdom of



ever shewn. He is a lineal descendant of the old puissant King Brien Boreau, and has in person and appearance all the similitude


It is remarkable of this family, that however various the revolutions in

of that great and grand potentate.

point of fortune and alliance, the hneal descendants

thereof have been favomred by Providence with the
original size

to their family.

and stature which have been so peculiar The gentleman alluded to measures
Admittance, one shilling."

near nine feet high.

The Gentleman's Magazine for 1804 contains an account by W. Blair, a surgeon of the Lock Hospital,
of a


by him







visited this

Irishman on the 5th of May, 1804, at

No. 11 Haymarket.

He was

of very extraordinary

but not well-formed.

suffer a

minute examiuation

to be

As he would not made of his per-


it is

impossible to give any other than a very

slight description of him.


decHned the proposal

of walking across the room, and I believe was afraid of discovering his extreme imbecility.

He had


general aspect of a weak and unreflecting person,




an uncommonly low forehead


as near as

I could ascertain, the space above his eyebrows in

a perpendicular line to the top of his head did not

exceed two inches.





age was thirty-

eight years, and that most of his ancestors



mother's side were veiy large persons.
proportionate size of his hands struck



with sur-

and in


he seemed to make his principal



refused to allow a cast to be



his hand,

and said


had been done many years ago

but as I have seen that cast at Mr. Bacon's, I
convinced the size



too small to represent his

present state of growth.

All his joints were large,

and perhaps
did not hke


His legs appeared swollen,

and I thought dropsical

however, he


touching them.



clumsy, and concealed as


as possible

by high

His limbs were not very

stout, especially his

arms, and I judge that he had scarcely got the use
of them



order to




hand, he

seemed obliged to swing the whole arm, as


had no power of
deltoid muscle.





by the action of the had a greater redun-

dance of bone than of muscle, and gave
impression of a huge,



overgrown, sicldy boy, his










age appearing under that which he

Indeed, I find he gave a different account

of himself to different visitors.


state of his pulse

agreed with the general appearance of his person,

viz. feeble, languid,


and slow in its motions. "Witla regard to his actual height, I felt anxious to detect
the fallacy he held out of

being almost nine


Upon extending my arm
eyebrow with

to the utmost, I reached his

Allowing his height have been two inches and a quarter above this,
little finger.


could not be


in the whole than seven feet ten


so that I


persuaded the



founded on the giant's own

greatly exag-

Caulfield, writing in Kirby's Wonderful


in 1804, says of Cotter


" About


years since,

during the time he was to be seen at Bartholomew
Fair, he used frequently to walk about the streets,


sake of air and exercise, at two or three

o'clock in the morning.

In one of these nocturnal





chance to overtake him

he was accompanied by two genteel-looking

when men of



on whose shoulders he supported

himself in the same manner

we sometimes
. .

see a

grown man

resting his hands on the shoulders of chil-

dren of eight or ten years of age.

Mi\ O'Brien

eight feet seven inches in height, and proportionably

lusty; his hand,
to the

from the commencement of the palm

end of the middle

measures twelve
to the top of his



his face,

from the chin
, ,

forehead, precisely the same





the size of a moderate man's wrist

his shoe is

seventeen inches long.


the whole, Mr. O'Brien,

though possessing every claim

our attention, on

; ;



account of his extraordinary magnitude,

not en-

to the denomination of a well-made man.




true, are not strikingly disproportioned

but his figure wants that general symmetry which

more commonly

distinguishes a


of oi'dinary di-


those with






he sometimes relates the

following anecdote

Travelhng in a carriage pecu-

adapted to his use, by sinking the foundation


so as to hold his legs conveniently,


was stopped by a highwayman
gress, the

putting his head

forward to observe the cause that impeded his pro-

highwayman was struck with such a panic,

that he clapped spurs to his horse and
pitate retreat

made a


Mr. O'Brien
. .


fond of cards.
at a


not in London, he resides

house in Essex, formerly the mansion of a noble

family, but


converted into an inn.

This place

he has very properly pitched upon for his residence
being built in the ancient'

with very lofty

doorways and apartments,
lated for his reception.
. . .


particularly calcuis,

The house

at present,

kept by a widow, for


Mr. O'Brien

said to



transactions relative to the piirchase or

disposal of her horses."

F. 0. H., a correspondent of Notes and Queries


18th, 1861, writing of Cotter, says



possess his gold watch,



of unusual size,

weighing a potmd, with the chain and

It is

chronometer and repeater, and was made large and

giant's watch.
suitable for


him by Jamison.

It has his

name enstrength.

graved on the cap, thus



Cotter, Kinsale,

The works are of extraordinary
going, and

I keep


keeps time as well as ever.


knew him



in Bristol, and


his ex-

hibiting himself there, before he retired to the Hot-

where he




was very intimate

with him, and often in his company, and purchased
the watch at the sale after his death, which, some

years before his


death, he presented to me.



other friends in Bristol


preserved things

had belonged

to the giant as curiosities,

such as

one of his shoes and a pair of his stockings.

He was

of a mild disposition; his voice was weak, and his
large fi-ame

by no means



usually sat

upon a


and often rested

his ai'm

upon the top

of a door.


could rarely venture to walk in
in the streets on foot

and only ventured out

at night.

in Bath, on a cold night, he terrified

a watchman by quietly reaching up to a


and taking

off the cover to light his pipe.



with a considerable fortune, and kept a handsome

made purposely

for him.

He had

a great

dread of his body beiug taken up after his death, and

gave particular directions for securing



was protected by iron


and arched

over carefully with brickwork.


report having

been spread some years

after that the

body had been
in the entrance

snatched away, the grave was examined and found
perfectly safe

and unviolated. He




of the Catholic chapel as described by Mr. Pryce,

and was deposited underneath a
were removed

flight of steps,


afterwards to the opposite side."

seems that the watch above-mentioned was purchased after Cotter's death for seventy guineas.

By economy

and prudence he realised out of the
a competence, on

profits of his exhibitions of himself

which, about two years before his death, he retired to
the Hotwells, Clifton, where he died on September 8th,

1806, at an advanced age for a giant

—about forty-six


seems to have had

less imbecility


than the generality of overgrown persons; but

he had


the weakness of

body by which
with diiSculty,

they are characterised.

He walked



considerable pain


up or



The skeleton in the Hunterian Museum

sometimes incorrectly alleged to be that of Cotter,
the confusion arising from the fact that both he and

Byrne, whose skeleton
of O'Brien.


really there, took the




of Cotter's hand



In the Bristol Philosophical Institution





of hair, and a cast of his hand; which were presented

by Mr. Arthur


Cotter's height has been variously stated as seven
feet ten inches

eight feet three inches, four inches,

seven inches


and nearly nine


The extreme

measurements given of him were, no doubt, mere

showmen's exaggerations
in the vestibule



if the



of the


Catholic chapel in


giant's coffin.
Trenchard-street, Bristol,



be believed, he was
It says

in fact about eight feet three inches high.

" Here




of Mr.



O'Brien, a native of Kinsale, in the kingdom of

He was



of gigantic stature, ex-

ceeding eight feet three inches in height, and proportionably large."
this inscription is incon-

with that which was placed upon a brass" Patrick plate on his coffin, which ran as follows

Cotter O'Brien, of Kinsale, Ireland, whose stature

was 8

feet 1 inch.

Died Sep. 18, 1806, aged 46

There were some emblems on


that the deceased had belonged to the masonic order

of Knights Templars.

A newspaper of September, 1806, announcing his death, says "A gentleman had the curiosity on



attend, with






stupendous coffin prepared for this remarkable per-

sonage by an undertaker of Bristol
us that


and he informs



nine feet five inches, and that


got into


with ease, and had the


A contemporary magazine
He was

says, that

" in

his last

moments he was attended by Mr. Plowden, and departed without the smallest apparent pain or agony.

buried on Saturday morning, in the Romish

chapel, Trenchard-street, at the early hour of six, to

prevent as


as possible a




ing which, the street

was immensely thronged;


so that the assistance of the constables


two inches in the clear. and his mind not xmcultivated. feet at ten o'clock. of Cotter. written from day to day. and the wooden case four inches more. Smith. measured nine feet across the shoulders. under his assumed name. Cotter had at one time in his possession a regular journal of his life. for amuse- ment. highly necessary and proper to keep the door. and every precaution was taken : to render abor- tive either force or stratagem hence the anatomists are deprived of his body. of a large circle. on which account that end of the coffin which could not be shut was covered with black cloth. of which he horror. and resist the importunity of the pubHc to behold the It is interment. present. though he afterwards much regretted the circumstance. also says : " He was un- offending and amiable in his manners to his friends whom he had latterly rather to a cheer- and he was neither averse ftd glass nor pleasant company. In 1791 ap- . He had naturally good sense." In 1785 was published an engraving. into which he was in let down with pulleys. Fourteen men bore him from the hearse to the grave. supposed 2000 persons at least were The ceremony of high mass was performed The coiEn. of lead." The same magazine and acquaintances. To prevent any attempt to disturb his remains. by T. It was three No hearse could be procured sufficiently long.186 GIANTOLOGY AND DWAEFIANA. the grave had the greatest feet in the solid was made twelve rock. but which a to whim of the moment induced him commit to the flames. Mr.

sti'eet The writer adds : "I once saw a tall. and who. at Kinsale." He is represented reston a chair is ing his right elbow on the top of a room-door. beard- less lad called into a booth on Ham-common. to the so-called Irish giants real ones. who was exhibited as an Irishman. in this print also resting his right arm on a room- door. announced in obituary as follows " Lately. O'Brien.GIAKT-MAKma 187 peared an engraving by Burt. in reference and Queries for June 15th. representing him with Peter Davies. the engraving Cotter being by A. 1823. M." The success of Byrne and Cotter under the name of O'Brien seems to have raised up other Irish giants with the same appellation. the Irish Giant. was a well-known character about the Bast-end of London. a dwarf. and dated 1804. P. that who followed after the fair he once saw at Stepney a black O'Brien. Mrs. The giant is also very simple-looking in the in He depicted Earby's Wonderful Museum. its newspaper of December. lathy. Ireland. tape. and in . his In 1803 : Kay published full-length portrait. overgrown. Cotter O'Brien. Cotter. 1861. ceased to attract in shows. is Van Assen. inscribed " Mr. while a comical-looking tailor is standing tiptoe measuring his left arm with a face. high. mother of the once celebrated Irish giant. : A aged 100 years. A correspondent of JVotes says. and who he was to no other than the negro the who is darkly alluded after in Old Curiosity Shop. the tallest being near nine feet man in the known world.

which. on which were some inscribed characters. that they do not sell for so much when dead as they used to do. in appearance at a foot and twenty stone heavier than before. two inches feet three and a half long. as a miner was working Tre- new mine. kered giant. which is a curiosity way. in and a in which this stipulation is expressly is recorded. the showman always stipulating when he hired mother and sisters a giant that he had the disposal of the in case of death. remained whole. of gigantic size. under the date of January. written on the fly-leaf of a Bible. Within was the skeleton of a man air. latter's body and indeed can lay my hands on." The Annual Register goney. an agreeinent between a showman giant. inches. I have seen. One reason probably why showmen do not retain regular giants now is. The length of the and its coffin was eleven depth was three feet nine inches. for the purpose of maldng it of a more sacred and bind1761 us that in at ing character.188 ten GIANTOLOGT AND DWARFIANA. after consenting to hire himself to the mmutes showman for the day he was transformed least into a whistaller. and thick in proportion. on the admission of the mouldered into dust. he it accidentally discovered a stone coffin. One tooth. that several human bones of a very giin the chancel gantic size had tlien lately been dug up . for The same work 1763 tells us. his very So that actually who paid to see the Irish giant did not know him. in ComM^all. its and the document. in a for tells March of that year.

ge. died. said that two hundred pounds were offered for dissection. The Eev. and of surprising feet three inches. the gigantic hatter. the thigh-bone measured two two inches. of a surprising length. for his body by the surgeons He left a wife. was engraved by Roberts in 1771. buried in Ely Catheeight- were discovered They measured een inches and upwards in length. who gave birth to a son on the day of her husband's death. La 1769 some thigh-bones. Mark . 1765. the Norfolk dwarf. while some workmen were digging a vault under the master's apartment in the Charterhouse. at the age of thirty-six j^ears. stature. In ISTovember. Temple Bar. they discovered a perfect human skeleton. and nearly lost her own life after the delivery in consequence of the great size of the child. Edward Bamford. A por- trait of Bamford with Coan. 1763. THE GIANT. It He was is seven feet four or ten inches in height. 1768. and the other bones were in propor- The Gentleman's Magazine and the Annual Register that at that time there were in for December. near the Duchess of Suffolk's tomb. 189 of the church of Ewelm. a native of Staffordshire. in height. feet tion.BAMFOED. who were twins. In May. the former being seven and the latter seven feet two inches. alleged to have belonged to prelates dral. of Shire-lane. record not quite seventeen years of a. who had been there. for the same year. York a boy and girl.

In 1769 died the Duke of Hamilton. and five feet eight inches high. eight feet high. 1770. is to be shewn with a most the pleasing astonishment and approbation before . Clerkenwell. She wiU wait on any noble family at having two hours' notice. and perin haps the very largest. described Gilly. was buried at Hendon . in Cockspur-street (where the famous Corsican Fairy was shewn last year). as she wiU agreeably exceed refers to a their expectations. who was show. at the apartments in Arts Museum. being near is to seven feet high). 1775. man England he is is now living in Wood's-close." In 1770 appeared the following advertisement: " The female giant. it In the FuUic Advertiser for July 27th. N.190 GIANTOLOGY AND DWAEFIANA. 1777. Swedish peasant who was eight Swedish Elsewhere is feet in height. not fourteen years and a half old. at one shilling each. and supposed to tallest be the person of her age in Europe. on their own terms. from Anspock in Germany all (who has had the honour royal family of France age.B." Schreber in his History of Quadrupeds. she is but sixteen years of extremely well-proportioned. a Swede. Noble says that Duke Birthnoth's thigli-bone measured twenty inches and a half in length. be seen from ten in the morn- ing till eight in the evening. and was exhibited in a On February 4th. near twice as big as the late Duke of Cumberland. His fast growth was said to have caused his death. is recorded that "one of the most active.

eleven inches round the arm. when. him at various houses in different parts of the 'metropolis for about six months. Mary's church. he measuring seven feet six iaches in his for coffin. opposite St. and exhibited him making a considerable sum of money by admitting She continued the public at one shilling to exhibit each person. The Morning Post March it 30th. one foot nine inches round the thigh. was born a gigantic boy. and lived entirely on his mother's milk. whose father was a mould -paper mark maker. which had been watched until nearly the time of the robbery. 1779. three feet loins. digious weight. and nine inches round the wrist. On February 7th. to When these partner novelties had ceased draw. and both be seen at the were for about six weeks to New Inn. finding that he alone was not suffi- ciently attractive. employed at the paper-mills at Enfield.GIGANTIC BOY. He was also of a pro- and good-tempered. London. child's bii'th he was not remarkably large but at the age of eleven months he was three one inch round the feet three inches in height. When to eleven months old his mother brought him as a show. says that his corpse was stolen its about six weeks after that interment. Everitt returned with her son to . At the time of this . where his huge son was born. 191 Edwaxd Longmore. two feet six inches round the breast. Southwark. wlio was exhibited for several years as the Herefordshire Colossus. healthy. named Everitt. in Bermondsey-street. notwithstanding was in a grave fifteen feet deep. Mrs. she joined with a dwarf. 1777.

one inch and a half round the two feet nine inches round each thigh. her husband at Enfield. 1785. Everitt and her son. 192 GIANTOLOGT AND DWAKFIAiTA. a gentleman named Lovelace Love. was published an etched engraving of Mrs.. but so bm-densome to himself that he was unable to raise himself from the eround. and three feet and a half in depth. and calf of his leg. His death was occasioned by his immense corpulence. for The Annual Register 1784 says that in July of that year died at Brookhill. for The European Magazine the son of a Mr. nine feet high. for The Gentleman^s Magazine Vienna. Stow-on-the-Wold. had then lately been shown at He lived upon vegetables and milk. He was feet five feet measured four waist. who was Upper Slaughter. and nothing In further known of the child or of his parents. 1780." seven feet ten inches in height. In 1780 an " Irish youth. A newspaper of June 11th. A. mentions a young Gloucestershire giant. of November. from which place he went to work at another part of the is country . in Ireland. CoUett. who was noted ordinary bulk his coifin . two feet four inches round the He was very healthy. and was twelve years of age in April then last. 1784 says that a Swiss. was exhibited at Oharing-cross. January. contains the following advertisement: "The wonderful giant . near nine inches high. 1788. for his extra- he weighed upwards of forty stone feet in length. by M. This print was reproduced in Smeeton's Biographia Curiosa. Eigg. four feet in measured seven width.

that in at July of that year was discovered in a peat bog Donnadea. To be seen at No. Holland. by the side of it. 193 from abroad. who for several years kept one of the huts on Sydenham Common. Is. and many other countries. . 1791. who was six feet five inches and a half high. 1790. at the depth of seventeen feet. and two feet in Kent. near Newcastle. who gave so much satisfaction in Germany. place. with a spear. servants. the sepulchre of some Irish chieftain. near the seat of Sir Fitzgerald Aylmer. Also to be seen at the same that wonderful production of nature. the celebrated Fairy. o'clock in the Hours of admittance from ten till morning eight in the evening.GIANT IRISH CHIEFTAIN. 6d" In July. two inches deep. The Annual Register for 1790 tells us. Ad- mittance. ten feet four inches in length. In it was found a coffin. 24 Charing-cross. baronet. is just arrived in this metropolis. measured tlu-ee feet over his shoulders. About June. 22 years of age. built The sepulchre was supposed and the coffin have been deposited within before the introduction of Christianity into Ireland. France. Miss Pinmont. containing a skeleton eight feet two inches and a half long. and but 34 inches high. ladies and gentlemen. three feet five inches broad. The handle to the to it of this weapon mouldered away air when exposed and touched. seven feet in length. and weighed nearly forty stone. of Beech. Her coffin was six feet nine inches long. died John Asliley. and was so completely . died suddenly Elizabeth Fairman.

Giantess. was birth an Indian. dated 1815. with her body that it was obliged to be pressed when screwed down. wrote a pleasant paper upon "the Gentle Blacket. in 1834. There may be her parallel upon the it. He measured upwards of seven CastiHan in height. engraved in Kirby^s Wonderful Museum^ 1820. to a blow which he received in his youth. and publicly exhibited himself. in South America. is His portrait. 1792. earth .194 filled GIAKTOLOGT AND DWARFIANA. who was born in 1775." He says: "The Widow Oxford. but surely I never saw lineally descended from the maid's aunt of Brain- . his shoulders were eU in breadth . in It was copied from an which was a musician with a harp. was said. in The Peruvian Giant. feet two inches The different parts of his . by from the province of Castro Yir- reyna. placed beside the giant as a standard to by which and died of judge of his extraordinary Charles stature. body were not duly proportioned from the waist upwards they were of prodigious dimensions. from the town of Joa to Lima. is the largest female I ever had the pleasure I take her to be of beholding. wards his limbs were of much smaller dimensions. His right leg was an inch shorter than it his left. Lamb. his head formed nearly one-third of his stature five-sixths of an . who came May. From the waist downowing. and was then twenty-four years old. and his arms were so long that when he stood upright the ends of his fingers reached to his knees. original painting. Basilio Huaylas.

the age of ten years he was upwards of feet . She sippeth her wine out of her glass daintily. when the weather passeth not too oppressive. and measured from his foot to his knee twenty-six inches. who was At called the Young English at St.. at seventeen eight and at eighteen he was over eight feet one inch and a half high. — —being being two feet wide. whose dity need not fear the black ox's pressure. each one of fifteen his feet was inches long. She languisheth. neot's giant. .. she much of her valuable time With six foot more than man's bulk. which happened in February. high. At the time of his death. was bom on August 28th. five feet in height. Neot's. I have passed who caused Master Ford sucli uneasiness . She worketh slender sprigs upon the delicate muslin. many an agreeable hohday with her She performs in her favourite park at Woodstock." James Toller. her humours and occupations are eminently feminine. is where. 195 ford.. 1795. Giant. and his hands were in proportion. in Huntingdonshire. His two sisters were both of gigantic growth one at the age of thirteen years was five feet eight inches and a half .— ST. he had gained the height of eight feet six inches. —her She soli- capacity being that of a tun of Heidelberg. 1819. goeth mincingly with those feet of hers. her fingers being capable of moulding a Colossus. her part in these delightful ambulatory excm-sions by the aid of a portable garden-chair is Her delight at Oxford in the public wallis and gardens. She sighs.

Up ToUer's full to his stature. at No. is engraved in Kirby's Wonderfid^Museunif Another portrait of him. and weighed twenty-seven stone (of fourteen pounds to the stone). An engraving 8th. His whole proportion was upright and straight." length portrait. and not fat. for to think 'tis vain. only a sons. and is a faithful likeness. and the other at the age of seven years was huge nearly five feet in height. Fillinham's In 1798 was collection was an original drawing of Toller. As he from place to place did pass along . 1811. taken by R. who at the age of nineteen years measured seven feet eight inches in height. his body clean. Cruickshank.196 GIAUTOLOGT AND DWAEFIANA. 34 Piccadilly. Emperor of 1816 he was shown " when he was presented to the In Russia and the King of Prussia. high. good-natured. dated 1817. One place so tall a wonder to contain. little Toller's appetite was moderate. He was In a pleasing. His 'bode uncertain. Not much in debt to age. Mr. as was also one of their sons. bom at Market Weighton. appears in the Biographia Curiosa. of him was published in London on May . and His first more than that of the generality of perpublic exhibition was in London in the aiitumn of 1815. by Cooper. To see him hundreds day by day did throng. William Bradley. nor lean. country-looking lad. 'Twas eight foot fully and a half in height. in the East Riding of Yorkshire. The pai-ents of this family were of the ordinary stature.

A hand is in the museum of the Royal Colcollection lege of Surgeons. and weighed three hundred and fifty pounds. who was seven feet two inches in height. 1798. a peasant of the Bailwick of Psorzheim brought to Rastadt for exhibition his daughter. 197 bj Bradley and Gibson. . is also In the same a cast of the hand of a Lapland giant. La February.LAPLAND GIANT. cast of bis He died about 1820. aged nineteen years. London.

a clerk in the Bank of England. Don—French Giant— Patrick Glynn— Giant's Skeleton —Joseph Brice. the French Giant— Gigantic men seen by him— Polish Giantess Corporal Moffiatt — Bamum's Giants — Giant City — Chinese Giants — Chang — British Giant — Tall Italian — Giant Policeman—Tall Prizefighter— Story of Giant and Dwarf—Proverb — Sundry Giants. who was remarkable for his height. the L-ish Giant-Sir W. the Giant—Mrs. the French Giant — Swiss Giantess — Peter Tuohan — Giants at Bartholomew Fair — Manchester Gigantic Boy Somersetshire Giantess—^American Giantess— Cromaoh— Long Lawyer — Huge Skeleton — Giantess] at Bees — Giant at Petersburg— Susannah Boyd — Giants at Bartholomew Fair Giant at Parma— Giant at Adelphi Theatre — Lapland Giantess —Freeman. He was buried very early in the morning. died of a thirty-one. that upwards of two hundred . by permission of the governors of the Bank. Bank Clerk the Russian Giant Bell. at the age of Mr. H. in the ground within that building. the Norfolk Giant — Huge Coffin — Louis. which was formerly the burialyard of St. In April. St. the Life-guardsman —Epitaph on a Tail Soldier—Roger Byrne. the American Giant—Giant and Dwarf at Olympic Theatre— Murphy. the tall IX. decline. 1798. —Large bones at Vienna—Loushkin. Christopher's church. Cooke — Devonshire Giant — Grimaldi and Giants — Robert Hales. The Annual Register says. Jenkins. Irish Giant—Big Sam. — Spanish Giant— Shaw.— — CHAPTEE Jenkins. Prince of Wales's Porter — Tennyson— Phelim O'Tool the Cambridge Giant Skeleton at Old Ford—Thomas Joseph Scoles—^Wild Giantess — Lincolnshire Giantess — Albert. The outer coffin measured more than eight feet in length.

eighteenth century a burying-place surrounding Stephen's Cathedral at Vienna was cleared out. They Museum is at Vienna. and a model of his hand. EUSSIAN GIANT. a Ms. was exhibited at the Cosmorama Rooms. 1850. weighed four hundred and twentyfive pounds. femur. written by himself. upon being compared with similar bones of an ordinary size. account. in Regentgiant street. found a large os innominatum.lOUSHKIN. always had a good . was seven feet two inches high. Tn the first half of the present century a Spanish named Joachim Eleizegue. in a safe place. Preobrajenskey. He measured eight feet five inches high. indicated that they had belonged are preserved in the Anatomical to a young man above eight feet six inches in height. life. dated MaySth. the same place are casts of his the former being twenty-six thigh-bone and inches. 1856. 199 guineas was offered for the corpse by some surgeons. notwithstanding his secluded appetite. and stating he was bom in 1826. He seems to have had a horror of being dissected. and therefore he was interred In the latter half of the St. who was seven feet six or ten inches high. Possibly he is identical with Joquin Eleicegni. also and the latter twenty-two inches long. from the Basque Provinces. the Russian giant. dressed in his military costume as drum-major of the imperial regiment of guards. a Spaniard. of whom Puttieks sold by auction in April. At tibia. At Madame Tussaud's exhibition a figure of Loushkin. and. and which. and among the bones were tibia.

with very shiny top-boots. .: 200 GlAiJTOLOGY AND DWAEFIANA. bi'other named William. a joiner and enlisted into the Life- ticed to William "Wild. at John Shaw." killing He died at W^aterloo. He had a ford. used to give lessons in pugilism to several young gentlemen and others in the neighbourhood. under the date of 1808. lived at Staple- and three or four our hero being the the youngest of the family. the famous Irish giant. guards. that related " Two men. quite gentlemen. where John. in Nottinghamshire. as we " gather from the following epitaph at Edinburgh John McPherson Was a wonderful person He was six feet two Without Ms shoe And he was slew . won the prize for back- sword play . from London. William Shaw. after many cuirassiers. were buried in the churchyard of Eosennallis. the Life -guardsman. He was educated at Ti'owell Moor school. one of which gentlemen was Shaw. in the Queen's County. and family. He had a rival on the battle-field. of cabinet-maker. who sisters. At Waterloo. The coffin with . the huge Life-guardsman. the remains of the largest person ever known in Ireland since the days of Phil Macoul." About 1804. In the Scomring of it is White Horse. Hence he to a His father. removed from WoUaston farm at Oossall. was born WoUaston. when on leave of absence from his regiment. and was afterwards apprenOld Eadford.

very good-natured. afterwards George IV. fi-om suffocation. and is reported to have died. The name of this extraordinary person was Eoger Byrne. and his widow was a very small woman. and was stout and muscular in He had an exceedingly clear and sonorous voice. two years he resigned Fencibles. where he used After having held this it. at the age of fifty-four years.. commonly called Big Sam. chest.BIG SAM. in which regiment he became fugleman. for about While he was thus employed he attracted the notice of the Prince who made him to office House. occa- sioned by excessive fatness that stopped the play of He was a married man. and he ac- . the eldest of whom was not seven years old at the his lungs. and according to others feet eight high. and again enwhich he was according to tered the Sutherland in then appointed a sergeant. thirty strong was borne on a very long bier by men. time of his father's death. He was he some nearly six feet ten inches. and during the latter part of the American war he was a Fencibles. of Wales. measured four feet round the proportion. who were relieved at intervals. lodge-porter at Carlton look over the gates. private in the Sutherland He afterwards entered the Royals. its 201 It contents weighed fifty-two stone. by whom he left four sons. He was bland in his manners and deportment. from his immense stature. was born at Lairg. in Ossory . in Sutherlandshire . Samuel M'Donald. He hved at or near Borros.

while the the use of that theatre Drury Lane Company had until their own was rebuilt in 1809. thereupon held out his hand. somein his times called the Scottish Hercules." By he became so well furnished with cash. Edmhurgh Portraits. but he said that as he had had no quarrel. at the Opera House. to raise its he used it as a means owner from the . 202 GIAiTTOLOGT his AKD DWAEFIANA. and on these occasions he was accompanied by a huge mountain deer. however. Sam reluctantly agreed . which but instead of giving it One of them Sam seized. that his expenditure attracted the notice of his colonel. who interrogated him on the subject.. duties so well as to obtain quitted himself in general esteem. As a proof of his great strength it is related that he was one day challenged by two soldiers. in order to oblige his master. and ascertained the hitherto secret fact. appeared once as Hercules. that when Sam was in London he was advised to show himself for money but he declined to do so in his own name. He was Kay. he should like to shake hands with them before he began the combat. In consequence of his great height he always marched at the head of his regiment when in column. says. he. in the Haymarket. He. on the understanding that he was to fight both at once. for exhibition as this expedient and advertised himself " the remarkably tall woman. dressed in female attire. While in the service of the Prince of Wales. in the play of Cymon and Iphigenia. the expected friendly shake.

tells him that about 1811 he saw exhibited. says. one of the On another occasion. who was between seven and eight feet high. Charles Knight. J. 203 ground. some labourers found in Leixlip churchyard an extraordinai'ily gigantic hmnan skeleton. Sam immediately caught the man by the him to neck. and was behoved to be the same as that mentioned lim O'Tool. Anquetil's father to pass under it. Greorge Clayton Tennyson. Anquetil. He died while with his regiment * in Guernsey. that of Pheburied in the same churchyard. in his English Cyelopmdia. and held his arm out straight to enable Mr. a friend of the author. the barrack-room. men requested him was beyond in to hand down a loaf from a shelf which his own reach. the rector of Somersby. as she did not consider his pay sufficient for his bodily wants. B. that the Eev. in Lincolnshire. holding him at arm's length. and the father of the present Laureate. It appeared to have belonged to a man not less than ten feet high. and then swung him round and threw him to a great distance. He stood up on that occasion in a long blue cloak. in a room at Brentford. told take the article down himself. and. namely. Dr. a giant named Richardson. who was born in 1810. was remarkable for his great strength and stature. The other combatant imme- diately took to his heels.PHELIM O'tOOL. 1817. In July. The Countess of Sutherland allowed Sam half-a-crown a day. . who was by Keating. Mr.

followed the trade of a blacksmith his son being destined for the and same occupation was unexpected apprenticed to him. from the length of the thigh-bone. In the same place was found a large finger-ring of pure gold. common and he himself when young exhis after no indications of attaining His father. dimen- like his predecessors for several . thirty-six years of age. was to be seen at the Hog in the Pound.204 GIANTOLOGY AUD DWAEFIANA. and his feet and all the other memprincipal towns bers of his body were of the like proportions. about one thousand three hun- dred years ago. His parents were of . a stone coffin containing remains of a skeleton. inquisitive persons. in Oxford-street. his middle fingers were six inches long. He considered himself to be double-jointed. must have belonged to a person nearly seven feet long. In March. which. which he therefore and afterwards travelled about the country. and seven the hibited sions. was found at King Palace. A stone coffin in Devonshire con- tained a thigh-bone belonging to a man eight feet nine inches high. the Cambridge giant. and in his . exhibiting himself at the and fairs in England. Thomas BeU. near the salmon-leap. attracted such But his growth numbers of curious and relinquished. John's the Old Ford. generations. lit May. feet two inches high. who was then size. His hands were eleven inches in length. 1813. One of the teeth was as large as an ordinary forefinger. 1813. as to cause an interruption in his business.

where she attracted much attention. Scoles was very symmetrical in shape. and two feet seven inches across the shoulders. says The Champion of January 8th. a woman of a gigantic stature and an agreeable countenance. articulate much Inquiries are making concerning her. His full-length portrait. at Rippendale. did not fear. Lincolnshire. in a collegiate gown and knee-breeches. 1815." feet feet In July. near Valencas. who was a man of gigantic stature and strength. The body. that within the last few days there has been seen in the forest of GaUnes. aged sixteen years. Her parents were of the ordinary stature. age of fifty-seven years. and nearly three yards in girth. 205 handbills describedhimselfas such. is given in Kirby's Wonderful Museum. to be This by her hair. and seven two and inches high. She was exhibited at fairs.correspondents : writes us. which is woman. and bears date 1813. died. after a short illness. a gentlewoman who feet five inches was seven high was living in England. and weighed thirty-seven stone. and bier weighed twenty-six score pounds. coffin. at the In March.MAD GIANTESS. Joseph Scoles. Gazette de France. His coffin measured two yards six inches in length. a hatter. absolutely naked. who was supposed any word. A She few years before 1816. died at about the age of twenty-seven years. of Oldham. . died. Ann Hardy. and covered extraordinarily long. Her coffin measured seven a half in length. and testified mad. 1815. quoting the " One of om. 1814.

who has had the pleasure of being visited by so public. and informs them that he has elegant left Pall Mall. the finest whom he has to They aU allow him be man ever exhibited in London. largest. the Duke and Duchess of York. who was born 1st. 1818. In 1818 was exhibited at the Gothic Hall. Cooke. Strand. and. in named Mrs. she was exhibited at the Earl of Yarmouth's. Admission to . the Duke and Duchess of Cumberland. Pall Mall. in Seymour- place. or British Colossus. at No. at Mer- Somersetshire.206 GIAiraOLOGY AND DWAEFIANA. and is now exhibiting in an opposite St. attended to the The Morning Post of February 8th. In the same year was exhibited in London a giantess riott." On April 15th. the giant. and other members of the royal family. when the Prince Eegent. : the unequalled Devonshire Giant. Clement's Church. 1817. and completed her seventeenth year on October feet high. May-fair. room. and about one hundred of the see her. for which he returns his sincere thanks. was " allowed by visitors to be the taUest. contains following advertisement " That Phenomenon. 194. to numerous and generous a given perfect satisfaction. as her exhibition all bill stated. nobility. She was nearly seven stout. had a pleasing and interesting countenance. every day from ten o'clock in the morning until eight in the evening. was remarkably and well-propor- tioned. who was nearly seven feet high. 1819. the armour of Albert. and strongest woman in the world.

but other no mode of proceeding presented itself. and to remain in a great state of perspiration and fatigue imtU they could be reduced to the level of ordinary men.' said the spokesman of the . where he performed in the Pavilion Theatre." " Boz. after the first night's it performance was over." in his Mem&irs of Gnmaldi. This building was ill adapted for dramatic representations. tells us. and to ask whether they could make up their ' minds to endure so much the future. and the company " were so pressed for want of space. and to remain there as quietly as they could. The dresses and makingsas up were very cumbrous and inconvenient . untU the no room pantomime was over. Servants and children half price. Grimaldi pitied the poor fellows so much that. ladies 207 and gentlemen Is. that when ' Harlequin Gulliver' was in prepa- ration they were at a loss where to put the Brobdig- nagians. These figures were so very cumbersome in the way. in an obscure corner before the curtain was wanted upon the obliged to retreat to whence they were brought forward when stage. he thought relief could right to represent to them that no labour for be afforded. and into which they were when they had no more actually to do. the unfor- tunate giants were obliged to make the best of a bad bargain. there being get them out of their cases. that in 1820 that merry clown visited Dublin.THEATBICAL GUILTS. that the and so much men who sustained the parts were at last obHged to be dressed and put away raised. Well then. and very- small.

and after one of the most boisterous and dangerous passages ever made. a respectable farmer.. feet six His father. was born on May 2d. Hales sailed on board the royal mail steamer " Canada" across the Atlantic. and never got drunk. round the abdomen. one inches. Her all six feet in height. was six the same neighbourhood. and agreed to do to you ! — it every night. measurement roimd the chest. near Great Yarmouth. and married Elizabeth Dimond. New York on December 14th in He remained in America two years. if your honour — we have ^long life ^will is. at Somerton. and the giants behaved themselves exceedingly well." Robert Hales. sixty-two . we have talked it over together. thirty-six inches.' This moderate request was readily complied with. . across round the thigh. the males averaging six feet five inches in height. of whom attained an extraordinary stature. inches in height. twenty- round the calf of the leg. In 1848. . the Norfolk giant. thirty-six inches . of and weighed fourteen five who was stone. The height and weight of Robert : Hales were as foUow height. sixty-four inches the shoulders. and the females six feet three inches and a half. 208 party. he arrived in that year. family consisted of daughters and four sons. ' GIANTOLOGY AND DWAEFIANA. seven feet six inches weight. thirty-three -stone of fourteen pounds to the stone . only promise to do one thing for us and that just to let us have a leetle noggin of whisky after the green rag comes down. 1820. inches .

and at Buckingham Palace. sandalled shoes. and on both hands. . shortly afterwards he died. and two in feet two inches high. he returned to England. and She is good-looking and symmetrical. the train of the giantess. The History of by Pinks and Wood. in Drury-lane. bracelets. and had none of the unwieldiness for which persons of high statm-e are sometimes remarkable. Prince Albert. The dwarf is holding up who wears a hat with a large feather and jewel. a train. cord. rings fan. dui-ing there. we believe of consumption. with a miniature pendant in . seals. chain. thirty-five years of age. under-skirt. Senor Don Santiago de los Santos. Queen. subscribed " Miss Angelina Melius. at at G-reat Yarmouth. nineteen years of age. the celebrated follows : Giantess. necklace twisted four times round her throat. from the United States." It represents the couple most unjust proportions. 1851. He was a cheerful and well-informed man. and took the Craven Head tavern. which are tucked a watch. from the island of Manilla. We saw him and on the jetty 1863. attended by her page. and nearly seven feet high. as About 1821 was issued an engraving. and a highly ornamented petticoat. a bead a waist-belt. long ear-rings. Clerkenwell.AMERICAN GIANTESS. in the autumn of which time he was in bad health. On April 11th he was introduced to her Majesty the six of the royal children. and tassels. 209 which time he excited much curiosity Li January.

we are told was in London in him- He stated that his reason for exhibiting self particularly in England was that he might make it. are most re- spectfully informed that he continues to attract the attention of the nobihty and gentry. a fortune there. New Bond-street. Admittance. who died in 1822. The outer coffin was about eight feet in length. as tall as. a Frenchman. London. is He measures and seven feet four inches. records that in the vaults of St. and two in depth. three in width. a dust-contractor. In 1822 appeared the following advertisement "French ladies Giant. and twenty-two years of age. perfectly straight well-proportioned. James's church. of his hand is A cast in the Museum of the Royal College of Surgeons. graved. of strength to toss For quoits both Temple-bar and Charing-oross. and return to France to enjoy Louis was seven feet four or six inches high. in that parish." We believe this person was Louis. Is. which contained the re- mains of one Binnot. or Louis Frenz. on the south side. who 1829. near the entrance. 22. " Each man an Askapart." \ Li 1824 appeared the following announcement: . His portrait has been enhave had two sisters He was said to nearly and a brother taller than himself. who express the flattering highest gratification. The marks of apcall forth his probation continually lavished on him warmest thanks.: 210 GIAHTOLOGT AND DWAEFIANA. was a cofHn of enormous bulk. Those this and gentlemen who have not yet honoured extraordinary young man with a visit. No.

and Europe. he had no beard his voice was . but since the arrival of the Swiss Giantess. on June man named Peter Tuchan. as foUows Morning " A fine travelling woman. James'sstreet. 1825. and vast sums would have been given for a peep at her. opposite St. He was a native of Tula. of a Register records the death. Open firom 11 till 5. of dropsy in the chest." The Annual 18th. 63. in the twenty-ninth year of his age. When the Fair Circassian was in London a few years ago. opposite St. 63. who all is universally allowed to be one of the in it finest and most beautifuUy-proportioned women the world are crowding to see her. Piccadilly. her house was besieged daily. at No. as the real or herself is Swiss Giantess exhibiting at No.SWISS GIANTESS. James'sstreet. among visit whom are the most distin- guished families itself). and remarkable for his gigantic stature. Piccadilly. and continues to be the leading object of at- traction among is the fashionable amusements of the universally allowed to be one of the in day. is computed that upwards of three hundred persons her daily. He measured eight ." now in town (including even royalty in The same giantess advertised the : Herald of April 16th. 211 "Fair Circassian. feet seven inches in height . 1824. calling the Swiss Giantess. as she finest and most beautifully-proportioned women Europe. at Posen. The public are most respectfully cautioned against the imposition of a person now him about London in a caravan.

twenty inches round the arm. 17 was a giant boy. Li Show No. In Show who was a goodOne of the attrac. who was fourteen years of age on March 26th. twenty- four inches round the calf. he inspected a Persian giant. to show his limbs. has mistaken this boy's name. rate eater. 1825. His father and mother were "travelling merchants. from which we gather saw there many giants and dwarfs. 13 was a great giantess. He stood five feet two inches high. he was born in Glasgow during one of their journeys. twenty-seven inches across the shoulders. Hone Westhead. and of sensible speech. tall. thirty-one inches round the thigh. 1825. Hone visited Bartho. No. and he continued growing until On September 5th. about two . and weighed twenty-two stone. lomew Fair and that he in his Eoery-Day Booh he has amus- ingly recorded the results. intelligent countenance. 1823. with a bonnet of the same. handsomely-formed youth. tions of this exhibition was also a female giant " but she could not be shown for illness: Miss Hipson described her to be a very good young woman. Hone gives an engraving of him.212 soft . GIANTOLOGY AND DWARFIANA. which was In December. It was said that before he began to grow in such manner." of Manchester . active in motion. and was a fine. and stately negro. of fair complexion. his feet were weak . 1. and he was a very modehe was seven years old an extraordinary his death. that is. named William Wilkinson Whitehead. He was lightly dressed in plaid. natured. measured five feet round the body." In Show No.

round the body. 1810. West- head. and His one of the handsomest children in existence. servants and children. thirty inches. of those who delight in viewing such parts of the creation which display the Weighs more than to . who was born allowed by all on the 26th September. . twenty -two stone. he is perfectly healthy. The above is a true will not copy. inches . five feet calf. : which gives some interesting in the him " Just arrived. round the twenty-five inches. he was exhibited following details about in the Strand. He is who have seen him to surpass and weU worth the attention marvellous works of nature. legiate Church. his face bears the nicest feature . The reader believe the account of the above extraordinary pheno- menon. see him. Ladies and gentlemen. Across the shoulders. round the fifty round the . W. lain . . chap- WiUiam Shaw. the former being an overgrown girl. twenty-six inches arms. He was . everything of the kind. and may be seen commodious rooms. mother wiU shew him. whence he issued the handbill. October 12. 6rf. the Manchester gigantic boy. W. in the ColManchester Joseph Hindley." In Show No. 287. fourteen pounds the stone. twenty-one inches. round the thigh. 1810. This surprising phenomenon continues to increase in size. unless they Is. Strand. clerk. 19 were a Yorkshire giantess and a Waterloo giant.BAETHOLOMEW FAIR. breast. christened William Wilkinson Westhead. 213 years before he was seen at Bartholomew Fair. symmetry of is a fine ruddy complexion . taken from the register.

the Somersetshire years of age. several living wonders. with most obedient. irresistible attraction to the is This the first time she was ever exhibited great to say. and that she was only sixteen years old. that she is in this town.214 and the frizzed GIANTOLOGT AND DWAKFXANA. was of such dimension. he hero. man present could have put his booted foot into She said that name was Elizabeth Stock. her that the largest it. Lee British in or after the year 1826. Giantess. She is a striking instance of nature unassisted by art. your affable. only immense commanding a prepossessing figure beyond description. and . a showman " Tlie carried about England. pos- sessing a pleasing and interesting coimtenance. latter a large man. Miss Hold." Some time named H. to the height of six feet nine inches ' and three quarters. Aided by a sort of uniform coat and a plaid rocquelaire. was seated. of Crewkherne.' She was good-looking and ' and obliged the ladies and gentlemen' by taking it off It her tight-fitting slipper and handing round. taller than any She " arose from a chair. made a Peninsula giantess. and must be seen to be believed. and has proved wondering a magnet of world. is She is remarkably stout and well-proportioned. among which was 1(3 Phenomenon." The Somerset Grirl. called by the In Show No. for exhibition. with a pigtail and his hair and powdered. and it is the only giantess now travelling the United Kingdom. 20 was a ^' show placard man she in England. whose stature measures nearly seven feet. wherein Ladies and gentlemen.

allowed by every visitor to be the Tallest the 215 Woman in World and is particularly worthy of all who delight in viewing such ! the attention parts of the creation as display the marvellous works of nature. the Duke of Clarence. seven feet high without her shoes but with the aid of them." to a British We quote from a handbill. 1819. at Hascot. on the 10th June. not only pleasing in her countenance. says " We yesterday visited the tall young lady. which does not name at the place of exhibition." that is. 1826. &c. but says that the wonders were "to be seen during the fan*. and a most lofty plume of feathers. her visitors would imagine her She is to be at least eight feet high. &c. the French giant. Lord Paget. Cornhill. &c. also Marquis of Anglesea. who is now exhibiting as a giantess. of a fine person. She stands about . She is only 18 years of age and.SOMERSETSHIBE GIANTESS. The bill teUs us that they were " patronized by their Royal Highnesses the Duke of the York. Lord Darby." : The Public Ledger of September 5th. . She has been seen with admiration. having all the advantages . near Windsor Castle. who have pronounced her to be the most astonishing woman ever exhibited public. and Princess Augusta Sophia. at Bom-ke's dancing rooms. any fair to which the travelling showman might take his prodigies. The . . . but extremely well made and proportioned. Change-aUey. Prince Leopold of SaxeCobourgh. and particularly by the faculty. would be no bad match for the celebrated Monsieur Louis.

and that the fellow was only trotting along between his legs Sitting —as were. they made a hole through the roof for his for head and shoulders." and whose body took a coffin seven feet eleven inches long. instead of embarrassing.' if get up and stretch himif I you had seen the consternation. 1826. Her manners are extremely pleasing. son of John Cromach. jokingly says . who died 25th September. : " He once afiected to ride a cob but it was soon perceived that he was little it walking. persons passing through She is. ' one day. and has been for the last four years at a boarding-school in England. indeed. and of whom Cornelius Webb. this time lived the Long Lawyer. a London who was about seven feet high. tombstone in Calverley churchyard." A shire. aged twenty-five years. in his Glances at Life in About solicitor. he remarked. From the tinually number of black servants that are conrmming about her. City and Suburbs. He would as he pertinaciously persist to by one coach. She is a native of South Carolina. commands respect in the spectator. and indeed her whole demeanour. and got informed against . some time after dinner.216 GIANTOLOGT AND DWAEFIANA. when he ought and have gone was resolutely bent on riding inside. under his auspices. that he would self. in Yorkis inscribed to the memory of " Benjamin. the calls of her friends with the young lady receiving greatest politeness. King's Arms-passage imagine her to be a native of India. well worthy being seen. or it! could in describe travelling in^tliree. on a sudden.

Miss Eleanor Messensix feet four inches high. are said to have broken their necks. ger. in the two !' not perceiving. short-sighted creatures as they are. in which were human skeletons from seven long.THE LONG LAWYER. who was A thin. tells the . 1831. He was very and had an emaciated countenance. Cumberland. 1829. -when he flight measured him." In 1828 was discovered in the county of White. His tailor. unused to such a perpendicular position. that he was feet many lower than the midmost heaven. giant. in the state of Tennessee. Bees. When he went to the pit of the theatre. ' Sit down. but three of his journeymen. over with all the rest of the audience a joke took some time to travel from his ear to his midrif and tickle it to laughter. now human and among them were two skulls and several bones of extraordinary dimensions. which bones was found must have belonged to persons of great stature. like a sensible man. an old burying ground. eight feet eight inches high. during the excavation of ground on the eastern the site Somerset House. died at at the St. stood on a of steps. the gods of the one-shilling gallery cried out. a cartload of of King's . age of nineteen years. 1829. to nine feet In January. 1830. side of In February. He never laughed till the laughing was . The Observer for February 6th. College. exhibited himself at Petei'sburg in June. you sir. 217 carrying luggage higher than the number of inches allowed by Act of Parliament.

to his comfortably seated in the caravan. but their ultimate recovery was It appears that the female. and a man. Jamesopen where she was then exhibited. : following story of the loves of a giant and giantess " On Sunday morning. intending to vengeance on the disturber of his domestic peace but the intruder had disappeared. The patent pump was appHed. they were conveyed to Gruy's Hospital. state. 218 GIAlfTOLOGT AND DWAEFIANA. to the space of ground near Bethlehem. by which a quantity of arsenic was taken from the stomachs of both. and they were placed in bed in a very feeble expected. looking through the carriage window. and he wheeled St. was shown more attention by a man about her own stature. the size of his wife. as the A few evenings Scotch Giantess and her spouse were latter. and it being ascer- tained they had taken poison. her off in his four-wheeled residence from street. the astonishment. after. he could do without much take trouble. who is not more than half deemed proper. from his surprising height. and she would frequently . heavy groans were heard to proceed from the travelling residence (a large carriage) of the celebrated Scotch Giantess (Miss Freeman). lying on the floor in a state of insensibility . called the Spanish Giant. about five o'clock. which. On a poKceman and others entering. who stands to six feet six inches. the Spanish Giant. near the new Bethlehem. The husband ran out. than her husband.. From that mo- ment they Hved unhappily. they foimd a female of gigantic form. perceived his rival.

giant. Master Thomas Pierce. when he found his wife had taken poison.AFEICAN GIAOTESS. and it off. and also seven feet high. aged seventeen years. In 1833 was exhibited at Bartholomew Fair. who was seven feet in a man height. of Scribe. in the twenty-third year of her age. Arklow. seven feet two inches high. this extraordinary girl when nineteen years old weighed eighteen stone and a half. seize her 219 husband by the back of the neck. coxmty of Wick- an Irish low. figure was remarkably well- proportioned. after being out all night. On Sunday the husband returned. a native of who was twenty fair. And in another show appeared Mr. Adam who died in 1832. Although she was bom of parents rather below the middle size. weighing thirty-five stone. the daughter of Robert Boyd. and measured seven feet one inch in height. 1831. Susaimah Boyd. and twenty-three inches across the chest. tiU he was nearly choked. Dr. and measuring five feet . At Bartholomew Fair in 1832 was exhibited in a show an African lady. he swallowed The consequence was as above stated. in years of age. near Seaford. Her whole Clarke. in " Broomsgrove's Collection. measured in Ireland who was eight feet six inches high. a portion being left in the cup." the gigantic Shropshire youth. died. In the following year he exhibited at the Broomsgrove's '* same Collection of Nature's Wonderful Works." when he was described as the renowned Irish giant. Clancy. and hold him at arm's length." About May.

Giantess. Living " Mr. Soon after this time the popularity of Bartholo- mew Fair began to wane. serpents.0. dis- played Miss West. 1813. who was very handsome. the Tall Man. a giantess. Samuel Taylor.220 GIANTOLOGY AND DWAEFIANA. Ed- ward Cranson. Giant and Giantess. affable. fair In 1833 Crockett's show at the same high. tive 1.. The chairman's notes of the letting the city fair. and Amelia Weston. at Woolwich. chief list shows in the At the head of the was WombweU. tells excluded. Crockett. and pleasant in his manners. from North America. and by 1840 many of the ordinary exhibitions had ceased to be shown there. Dwai'f. and he could feet. . In Simmett^s show at the Priscilla ten inches in height. well-formed." The Morning Herald for 1828 us what were the takings of the fair that year. Wild beasts were more than poor Sawney. Laskey. in Kent. and at the bottom was the attrac- Scotch Giant. special committee for to the ground in Smithfield previous tell dated August 29th. crocodile. In 1833 was born. Mr. list us that out of the short of applicants for space the giants and dwarfs were excluded.700Z. " Mr. who portrait six feet in 1851. 3d. same fair were the Canadian giantesses." Thus : Living Curiosities. &c. excluded. 201. reach ten . who were born on Sept." namely. was so tall that a person over high could stand under his arm. when his full-length was engraved. 184. Another show exhibited " the only one in the fair. upwards of seven feet a giant.

and three-quarters indicating a total height of six feet six inches and three-quarters. he could indicate. a French giant. which measured twenty inches in length. with a piece of chalk. at Lewes. 221 Eai-ly in 1837 a young man. he had sunk quite a little capital . Charles Dickens. at about twenty-five years of age. that to destroy the peace of was safe mind of any young gentleman . which was kept by Cleland. a kind of overgrown dwarf. In 1845 was discovered in the grounds of the Priory of a St. and. though no painter himself. says " In intensiiying the portraiture of giants. showed himself eight feet ten at Parma as a curiosity. in his Cricket on tlie Hearth^ 1845. the thigh-bone of human skeleton. The former died of consumption. a certain furtive leer for the countenances of those monsters. inches and three-quarters and weighed four hundredweight and one winter of 1838 Bibi. pound. He was in height.: GIANT ON THE STAGE. referring to this fact. for the instruction of his artists. writing of Tackleton. who had been formerly in the service of the King of the Netherlands. the toy-merchant. In tlie appeared on the stage of the Adelphi Theatre. Pancras. More than twenty years ago an exhibiting giant lodged at a public-house in Grafton-street. Soho. A go writer in 1839. reminds his readers that they had then lately heard from America of a gentleman who was so tall as to be obliged to up a ladder to shave himself.

a man named Freeman. His rest can never be disturbed chanticleer in song. His height was alleged to be seven feet six inches. Though looking down on all the world. Now exhibiting daily. and his'weight twenty-one stone. in the world and her companions. For without imposition. an American Lion and Ball public- giant. 63." . Holborn. Midsummer In 1851 appeared the following advertisement " Largest Giantess natives of Lapland. and no mistake. The proudest noble in the land.m. . at Saville House. By For though he early goes to bed. sleeps so very long.: . from ten in the morning until ten p. The true Great Exhibition. : 222 GIANTOLOGTAJTD DWARFIANA. served at the bar of the house. seldom exceeding four feet in height. Must fain look up to him." Ad- Jn 1853. Smith's Bar Man is. mission. is This giantess (the largest female the ever known) more extraordinary from the fact that the natives of her country are almost a race of dwarfs. Red Lion-street. Look in and stand a pot Tou'U make a new acquaintanceship. No. Leicester-square. for the whole vacation. Despite caprice and whim. invited the public to visit One of his him handbills poetically " Tou need not unto Hyde Park go. six between the ages of Christmas or and eleven. The longest you have got. He Though you may boast a many friends. Is.

Eemember in Eed Lion-street. 1854. and entitled The Son of the Desert and the Demon Changeling. and was only in his twenty- year at the time of his demise. The Lion and the Ball. Union-house.223 Then come and see the Giant Youth. expressly for them. says: " One of the last of the mythical line of Irish giants. says : " On SunWilliam day. m conjunction with a in a piece written named Signer Hervio Nano. in the person of Shawn Nabontree. stood seven feet six inches high. The giant. who is living. ^" Liquors of a Giant's Strength. 17th. He was still a native of Stratford is his mother. Freeman appeared on the stage of the Olympic Theatre." On March dwarf. clusion of the performance he At the con- was led before the six feet curtain by the dwarf is to receive the plaudits of the audience. The Times for Sept. and was well received. when last in the West living." The Mayo Constitution for December 6th. to the shoulder of which the top of the head of the former just reaches. Give Edward Smith a call. the remains of the West Ham Griant. a Welsh woman. Sharp. London. and below the middle stature. standing by the side of Byrne's skeleton. 1856. now in the Museum of the Royal College of Surgeons. Sharp died Ham fotirth week of consumption. measuring nine inches in height. . This Brobdignagian Eoscius was active in his movements. 2d. 1843. His skeleton. displayed much dramatic abUity. died at . were consigned to their last resting-place.

"had "the the honour of being admitted to the presence of the Emperor and Empress of Austria. says. being a of extraordinary symmetry —namely. has been for His family. in native of Killowen. He afterwards exhibited himself. that Mr. . May 9th. Connemara on Friday to his athletic He owed man his sobriquet unusual stature. the Joyces. He began life Docks ." and latter that conversed in English with Murphy. was amusing to see him lift his leg over the back of a chair or a fence in some of the plays in wliich he performed. Baronet. that Murphy was a Rostrevor. many years one of the wonders of Conleft nemara." We read in a chronicle of news from Vienna. and being only a few inches short of nine feet in height. but soon obtained a situation as a waiter at an hotel. and has four stalwart sons. last. the who was born in County Down.224 GIANTOLOGT AND DWARFIANA. at the age of twenty-six years. and stood seven feet ten inches and a half in his stockings. was upwards of seven feet high. he then weighing twentyfour stone. Murphy. and acted as interpreter for the Emperor. where his presence brought custom. who It lived about this time. 1857. and made a little for- tune thereby. He died of small-pox at Marseilles. and acted on the stage. under date Irish giant. He died at the age of seventy. near as a labourer at Liverpool the third series of his Curiosities of Natural History." Frank Buckland. His wife acted with him. seven feet in height. Sir William Henry Don. and weighing over twenty stone.

. Charles Gruel d'lndreville. the son of a respectable farmer named James Glynn. near Eouen. and he passed a whole night in the snow with only a slight covering. and D'lndreville was thrown out into the street. of Nesle. visits In one of his a violent storm came on. who founded. some very extensive glass-works at that place. 225 In the latter half of the year 1860 died. after a few days' Patrick Glynn. early life he entered the imperial army as a private he soon gained the rank of sub-lieutenant. he was sent to the hospital of building This was sacked by the Russians. at the battles of soldier. however. died. which were of such importance that King Louis Philippe several times visited them.GIAI^T NOEMAN. the tallest man in France. recovered. but He was present Wagram and Mos. or the beginning of 1861. and returned to France. cow. which compelled his This giant majesty to remain and accept a coUation. in Nor- mandy. the end of 1860. where he set up his glass-works. He. beautifully propor- . and fiUed several local municipal offices. At illness. His stature was nearly seven feet six inches EngHsh In measure. and was twenty-two stone in weight fourteen pounds for each year of his age. in the neighbourhood of Cong. prisoner of war and having fallen Konigsberg. and his body was stout in proportion. He was Q six feet eight inches in height. He was only twenty-two years of age. that is. At one time he was a iU. at the age of seventy-one. and for many years carried on. was a member of the Legion of Honour.

who desired to appear at the opening ceremony in costume. in the feet. his age twenty-two of a pleasing ex- I take the liberty to offer him to your lordthird series ships' notice. at the east end of the building they discovered. as some workmen were sinldng a foundation for the enlargement of the parish church of Mullingar. says that Brice's height was not eight but about seven feet six and a half or seven inches. in the earth than that at which skeletons are generally but found. from the immense other of the skull and the bones of the hands and jaw. In 1862. He was born at Ramonchamp. man measuring more than seven feet in size and which appeared. gentle in disposition. GIANTOLOGY AND DWAEFIANA. the perfect skeleton of a length. There was it sufficient to prove that had received proper interment it everything connected with indicated that it had been buried for several centuries. its dimensions its extraor- Its position was considerably deeper appearance of a coffin . to have equalled in dinary height. but was not allowed to do The advertisement commenced interpreter of a is " I am the agent and he is French subject . . Commissioners a French named Joseph so. his weight thirty stone terior. and possessed of enormous strength." Frank Buckland. of his Curiosities of Natural History. appeared in the Times an advertise- ment offering to the notice of the giant.. his height eight feet . He was humane and In 1861. a giant . just as the Great Exhibition was about to be opened. Brice. among other human remains. : 226 tioned. .

he visited the principal towns of France the Emperor. until. At the age of sixteen he commenced to exhibit himself publicly. circumference of his head twenty-five his chest fifty-four inches. young woman of which She did not. length of thighhalf. a England and country he married. he was equal in height to his father. size of and of the ordinary fants French peasants. self in latter and at Paris he was introduced to He then travelled and exhibited himIreland. but after a short iUness in his childhood he to began to assume gigantic proportions. and cast of his had a hand taken. the inches. at the age of thirteen. length of middle finger five inches and a half. on the Rhine district. and for this purpose . diameter of hand six inches. unlike By- ron's muse. birth he did not exceed the usual dimensions of in. length of arm (humerus) nineteen inches. and continued grow and enjoy good health." Brice coming under the notice of BucMand in consequence of the advertisement above mentioned." His parents were respectable farm people.MOUNTAIN GIANT. that gentleman carefully measured him. in the Yosges. length of forearm (radiiis) twentyfive inches and a half. across the round shoulders twenty-five inches. bone (femur) twenty-seven inches and a length . withstand " The giant thought of heing a Titan's bride. circumference of forearm fotu"- teen inches. His actual height was ninety inches. 227 hilly- and that being a he called himself " The Giant of the MounAt his tains. .

and five inches and a half across. who came to see him at Haverford West. and could without difficulty lift one hundred and sixty or seventy pounds . 1865. Yorkshire." Giant of In his travels he met with only three persons who in stature approached his own height. She was a native of Warsaw. Brice and his wife came to London. to exhibit at St. James's Hall. and her parents and family were not above the ordinary stature.228 GIANTOLOGY AND DWAEFIANA. police man in the force at Newcastle. and he was engaged by Anderson. of leg-bone (tibia) twenty-two inches and a half. One was a gentleman in the legal profession. Piccadilly. diameter of foot eight inches. feet ten inches who measured six and a half in height. or the "Anak. a Polish giantess. length of foot fifteen inches and a half. She was seven feet in height. the Wizard. they shied and snorted him because he was so tall. . King Giants. calling herself the Countess Lodoiska. weighed two hundred and seventy pounds. Leicester-square. In 1863. In October. where he appeared as of the Anakims. of Pontefract. was exhibited at SaviUe House. to Buckland says that he invited Brice Eegent's Park Barracks. and a half. and who measured six feet another was a eight inches and a half. who was six feet nine inches and a half high and another was John Greeve. and when he went at into the stables there to see the troop-horses. and the stretch of his ai'ms ninety-five inches His shoes were one foot four inches long.

but rejected owing to his was immense height and weight. about twenty-four years of age. is accepted. who. is to be the tallest soldier in the army. Growing tired of that occu- pation. six feet seven inches His height is and a half. he offered to join the Life-guards. he will doubtless be of great assistance to the recruiting party stationed there. 1865. near Kelso.CORPORAL MOFFAT. destroyed by fire. and is a native of Leitholm. Corporal Moffat joined the Scots is Fusihers about two years and a half ago. according to their advertisements. Barnum had in in his Museum New York four giants. its On this Museum and escape. of the Scots Fusilier Guards. As Corporal Moffat known in the Kelso district. and proceeded immeand was quickly well Nothing daunted at this. at present staying at Kelso on the recruiting staff. Moffat determined if pos- sible to join the Scots Fusiliers. and was remarkably well formed. 1864. contents were on which occasion a giantess named Anna Swan had a narrow She was found at . and weighed altogether over July 13th." In February. diately to London for that purpose. and of pleasing appearin ance and manners. were each over eight feet high. The Edinburgh Courant for 1864 says : " Corpobehoved is ral Moffat. Previous to joining the Fusiliers he estate as a forester worked on the Duke of Eoxburgh's for a considerable time. fifteen thousand pounds. weight with one hand. and he propor- tionately stout. 229 At the time of her appearance London she was about twenty years of age.

when living. Kecent news from Marion. must have been taUer than the men of the present day. declaring that it was inhabited by giants and hideous monsters." and her clothing. She lost everything that she possessed except . The ruins showed that the had formerly been a large and important one. Two of the skeletons were of females. but the party did not pay so and that none who had gone that way had ever returned alive . the head of the stairs in a swooning condition from the smoke. and the average rest were of males. but no evidences of giant inhabitants appeared. besides more "green- backs. have been seven or eight The Chinese pretend to have had men among Melchior them so prodigious as fifteen feet high. The made violent efforts to dissuade the exploring party from proceeding in this direction. In 1865. the clothes she wore and in her trnnk were twelve in hundred dollars all in gold.230 GIAiJTOLOGT AND DWAEFIANA.- The owners of the mer. with De Soto did to precisely which he was met more than three city centuries ago. and was with difficulty got out of the building. says that thirty skeletons of a tall extinct lately human cellar race were found in an excavation for a upon a hiU for- in that place. situated about one hundred miles state west of Tuxpau. in from India. in Ohio. his letters Nunnez. in the Indians of Vera Cruz. much attention to these stories as similar ones. and the males must feet high. speaks of porters . General Lyon discovered an ancient and lost city in Mexico.

with Chang Woo Gow. and Chung Mow. head. The giant was then seven feet nine inches in height. 231 who guarded the gates of Pekin who were of that immense height. namely. and at their request wrote his wall of the name on the room which he was received at the height of nearly ten feet from the ground.CHINESE GIANTS. the hayre outward. one King Foo. repeats this Purehas. in London in the summer of 1866. Brice. He was most gentlemanly and interesting in his manners. and and fed guard. who described himself as " the greatest wonder of the world. and an inteUigent and able scholar. . and nineteen years of age. skin. his hayre hanging on us his shoulders. story. whom we have before But both he and Chang were sought to be surpassed by a British giant. only seventeen years of age. his wife. 1627. his armes. a Tartar rebel dwarf. He visited in the Prince and Princess of Wales." Early in 1866 the Chinese sent of their people. in his Pilgrimes. his sisters is said to One of have attained the stature of eight feet four inches. bare. he avers that the emperor of that country entertained hundred of such men for archers of his Hakewill. The success of his exhibition of himself in England brought into public notice a rival giant." and who held his levees mentioned. refers in to a man China who "was cloathed with a tyger's and legges pole in his hand. in his Apologie. 1625. . alias Anak the Anakim. well-shaped. with a rude seeming ten palmes or spans long. five in a letter dated in 1555.

Caro signore' — life. — I said. am only acquainted with him. who had formerly been a member of Durham county constabulary. rarely daring to be seven feet high.' stamina nor enough to know such a He evidently considered that an acquaintance was to be made by a contract or time-bargain. near Kelso. we could not get into it. You am delicate life and very small. see I 'No." On May the 31st. and should have gone home in the same brougham. ^hei ' you are the taUest man but one is in Europe that one Peter Nihil. his death he About two years before for was incapacitated duty in conse- quence of consumption. Richard Meek.' said I my little friend. died at Yetholm. ' and one of the cleverest men we have. Last night I was saywas. 1867. ' that gentleman inches a near relation of mine. We P fraternised. his height being six feet ten inches in his stockings. know him.' Fancy anybody except a drum-major I have. says: at dinner the tallest "A few days ago I met man him I ever * saw in my When is introduced to an Italian .' Tou are wrong.232 GIANTOLOGT AND DWARFIANA. He was the tallest policeman in the kingdom. however. and ing what a pleasant fellow Signer asked a very small acquaintance if he happened to 'I don't know him. At the . and I am four taller. and I have neither monster.' said is my new acquaintance. met seven only feet of pleasanter stuff. 1867. and with the view of improving his health he retired to Yetholm. The Paris correspondent of the Daily Telegraph of April 6th. a well-known Eng- lish writer.

They now tell. fairly struck off the poor dwarf's arm. who was very courageous. and sharing the victory.. coming his assistance. who were all carrying away a damsel so fierce first in distress. dealt one of the champions a most angry blow. till and farther than I can they met . He tx) was now in a woful plight . Edward O'Baldwin. and the dwarf cut dead on to man's head out of spite. had they not every one. but the giant. time of his decease lie 233 was thirty years of age. and kept together. and was married. velled far. It did the Saracen but very httle injury. The first battle they fought was with two Saracens and the dwarf. a now of the prize-ring. They made a bargain that they would never forsake each other. The dwarf was not quite but for now that struck the blow. fled. and. lifting up his sword. which was returned by another that knocked out his eye : but the giant was soon up with them. but go and seek adventures. another adventure. in a short time left the two Saracens off the dead on the plain. who. story of a giant and dwarf going out to battle. as before . The following wounds. is living giant member nearly seven feet high. tory . but not the is told in the Vicar of Wakefield: "Once upon a time a giant and a dwarf were friends. They then travelled This was against three bloody- minded satyrs. STOET OF GIANT AND DWARF. and married him. would certainly have killed them They were all very joyftil for this vicfell and the damsel who was relieved in love tra- with the giant.

At last the victory declared for the two adventurers.234 GIANTOLOGT AND DWAEFIANA. were you large when said the little. who admired thus addressed " Mister. was stout and long. An what old proverb says. single . ' who was by I'll time grown wiser. and an eye while the giant. A very tall man was him : in the streets of Boston. and then ever. all fell before him. out an arm. to was without a on. but the dwarf lost his leg. when an old lady. : * who Come my little ' hero this is glorious sport let us get one victory more. his gigantic stature. " A giant will starve on will surfeit a the adage of " dwarf. womid.' cries the dwarf. a leg. but all the blows faU upon the honour " me." and Erasmus refers to Drawing a pigmy's fi:ock over the shoulders of a giant. fight all no more. Wherever the giant came. marm. time. but the dwarf had hke to have been killed more than once. The dwarf was now with. no .' we shall have honour for this No. of Friel- . cried out him. for the fii'st was foremost now ." Among the giants about whom we have been unable to obtain information are Keichardt. with a company of robbers." you were small?" "Yes. with the poor consolation that it was the giant's nature to squeeze hard.' Another story relates that a dwarf was choked in the fraternal embrace of a giant." " I was considerable big when I was man. I declare off. for I find that in every battle you get and rewards. Tbe giant. but the dwarf was not The battle far behind.

a Mexican. was twenty-five feet high. a man called Steeple Long- man. whose whole-length stone. who weigh-ed thirty-one and a Canadian giant. Mrs. Antonio Cauzzi. Tendradus. . a giantess. who. berg. Martin Salmeron. Armitage. whose whole-length portrait. SUNDRY GIANTS. whose skeleton is in a a similar skeleton in a museum at museum at Berlin Marburg King . an Italian giant. in a hat with a high crown. a Danish female named La Pierre. portrait has been engraved. has been published . who was seven feet high .. 235 who was eight feet tliree inclies Mgli . who was seven feet three inches and a half high. according to some legends. near Frankfort. the great Tonas. whose portrait has been pubUshed.

It is a noteworthy fact that the Bible. a son of Dorus. Homer . 20. where it is commanded that no man who was a dwarf should make the offerings at the altar. or. Dwarfs —The Pigmies—their battles with the Cranes—Fairy — Legendary Dwarfs — Vishnu — Dwarf Figures — —Tom Thumb —Dwarfs of Teutonic Ro— Dwarfs in Pageants— Sir J. and circulated about the world. This reticence leads us to the conclusion that dwarfs were exceptional human beings at least with the Jews. according to some writers. TheyHved in the extremest parts of India. and Brazil — Isle of Pigmies—Burying-plaoes of Dwarfs— Small Skeletons — Lilliputian Coffins — Short Nations—Bushmen —Madagascar Dwarfs — The Kimos — Bordeu Dwarf's Chambers mance and La Chappe see Dwarfs. In ancient mythology the Pyg- msei were a fabulous body of dwarfs. who descended from Pygmseus. names a dwarf only once. of stature. which makes such frequent mention of giants. in Ethiopia. Mandeville's Accounts of Dwarfs — Nations of Pigmies— Purchas writes of Dwarfs in Iceland. and that is in Leviticus xxi. 3)." namely who climbed up the into a sycamore-tree in order to see Jesus (Luke xix. and grandson of Epaphus.CHAPTEE Bible Dwarfs X. little • But Jericho produced a man who " was Zaccheus. Among many is vulgar errors which have ori- ginated in a love of the marvellous. Japan. the belief in the existence of a nation of pigmies.

to make war against the cranes. asleep in the had conquered Antseus. and that they built their houses with eggshells. Some authors say that they were no more than one foot high. wrapped a great number of them in the skin of the Nemsean lion. affirms that Hercules once deserts of Africa after he giant. their arrows furi- The hero. pleased and carried them to with their courage. Upper Egypt. Eurystheus. and They went on came out in the harvest -time with hatchets to cut down the com as if to fell a forest. goats and lambs of a stature proportionable to themselves. who died in the year of our Lord fell 244. Aristotle did not believe that the accounts of the pigniies were altogether tribe in false . They were so small that i^hey climbed with ladders to the edge of the cup of Hercules in order to drink from it. The Pechinians of Ethiopia. who discharged ously upon his arms and legs. says that they 237 to had every spring sustain a war against the cranes on the banks of Oeeanus.THE PIGMIES. Philostratus. originally governed into They were by a princess. the his and that he was suddenly awakened by an attack which had been made upon body by an army of pigmies. who lived in holes had exceedingly small horses. which came yearly from Scythia to plunder them. who are represented . but thought that they were a under the earth. who was changed a crane for boasting that she was fairer than Juno.

the functions of a man. and no doubt it was one. and seized their eggs and callow young. lived Indian pigmies are said to have (jranges. anil to have been of very small have been accustomed every year to drive away the cranes who flocked to their country in the winter. entitled Py^- mceo-Gerano-Machia. and . and James Beattie into English verse. could to and lived the age of twenty In later times we read of northern pigmies who lived in the neighbourhood of Thule. or in a shell playing with two flutes. and went armed with spears like needles. under the earth on the east of the river Strabo thought that the story of the pigmies and the cranes was a fiction . were very shortlived. of the We are told that the empire pigmy breed flourished in India. all yet he exercised sing admirably.238 to GIANTOLOGT AND DWAEFIANA. In the time of Theodosius was seen in Egypt a pigmy so small in body that he resembled a partridge. Addison related the in 1762 translated it tale in Latin. years. and leaning on staves in order to support the burden. to be The birds thus wronged determined collected reveqged upon "the eighteen-inch mihtia. stature. and small in stature. or fishing with a line. where they slaughtered the cranes. and from all parts of the made a deadly attack upon the manildns. The dwarfs prepared to defend themselves." and accordingly they world. or carrying grasshoppers. are portrayed upon ancient gems mounted on cocks and partridges prepared to fight their feathered enemies.

names and in various forms . th' The pygmy heroes roam Elysian clime . " High in fhe midst tlie chieftain-dwarf was and imperial ipien Full twenty iaohes tall. at other times vicious now dancing in now flitting about the homes of mankind. in part. Of giant stature . that the viruli or virunculi montani. says : " Not that from there are any creatures of a third kind to style distinct men and spirits of so small a stature as Paracelsus which he was pleased non-Adamical fancied. A fearful on both battle ensued. Similar smaU . " And now. sometimes benevolent. in gentle green array'd. Their frisking forms." Such. Plot. sometimes leave the prints of their feet in the moist sand and soft earth of the mines." 239 seen. and now infesting mines and motmtains. Or. . Full oft. left their marks and Athanasius Kircher says. with lofty chiefs of ancient time. and entirely exterminated them. and after much bloodshed sides the cranes conquered the pigmies. and that these prints are about the size of the feet of children three years old. all These . 1686. the pigmies who frequent the mines of Helvetia and Hungary. he strode along. people is the history of those tiny fairy who figure about the world under various . if belief to matron-tales be due. beings resort to the mines of Wales and Cornwall. little spirits are well known in parts of Europe and many are evi- the places where they have dences. in his Staffordshire.THE PIGMIES. the meadows. in the belated shepherd's view. Gambol secure amid the moonlight glade.

that they have given divers them names in their respective places. Wierus. many countries. well stocked with such romantic Dwarfs as well as giants figure in the lore of to mythology and legendary do not appear sympathies giants. hill-women. especially in the who afiirm them so German. men . dome which was created by The Hindus say that King Mahabali. is Switzerland has earth-men. and Germany dwarfs.240 GIAiJTOLOGY AUD DWAEFIANA. Hungarian. BusheU seems also to hint the same in our Welsh silver) mines. little and brown underits ground people. white. as we are credibly informed by sober authors such as Georgius Agrieola. an island men and Baltic. Sometimes they and sometimes in societies. although they have commanded so much of the and imaginations of mankind as the The early Saxons fabled that four dwarfs supported the celestial the god Odin." Keightley in his Fairy Mythology gives us very full accounts of the its many northern mythical dwarfs. they are best pleased children.. its they hiUthe are rich and industrious. and others. in produces black. whence they live in are also called hiU-people. so it seems they delight themselves chiefly in the assumption of the shapes of children of both sexes.. as with. and Helvetian (Mr. but that the devils. the sacrifices of young . single families. trolls. acquired by force of sacrifices such a . and austerities. Scandinavia has to dwell inside dwarfs or who are believed mounds and hillocks. frequent. Iceland also has Eiigen..

under the name of Vamuna. who was small that he imagined a hole made by a cow's water. at the second over the ocean. which everywhere abound with tliem. 241 power over tlie gods that they were compelled to sur- render to him the earth and sea. and waited in dread until the conclusion of his last sacrifice should put him in possession of the heavens. and fiill of He begged of the king as much ground as he could step over in three paces. Henderson. In the caves of Cannara. They are the creatures of Oriental imagination. which he found among the basaltic columns of Hornafhot.MYTHOLOGICAL DWAEFS. tells visit to Iceland us of the caverns called Doerga Kamrar. and appear to have been introduced into our books of chivahy from the East. On so this occasion Vishnu. or the Dwarf's Chambers. natural structures called Trollahlad. in consequence of our correspondence with the people of that country during the Crusades. and no space being the third he released the king from his promise on the condition of his descending to the infernal regions. which were examined in 1783. foot. or the Giant's Wall. were discovered many figures of deformed dwarfs. the at his king granted his request with a smile tive diminustep stature . Ambola. by B . and Elephanta. presented himself as a Bramin dwarf. to be a lake. in the accoimt of his in 1814-1815. in the East Indies. whereupon Vishnu left for at the first strode over the earth. These beings seem to have sprung up in the Persian romances.

King Alberich was one of cloud-cloak. and whom the it was meridwarfs of Norwegian to kill. is said to have been the son of a tailor. a number of small columns formed lava. was a dwarf or dwergar of Scandi- navian descent.: 242 the natives. a man no bigger than a thumb. three ells who would be married and three quarters long. who are named by torious in a Icelandic poets. or giants. who figures in many different chaThe German racters in the legends of the North. clad in the Nebel-kappe. who. in his appendix to Benedictus Ahhas. closely related to the mystic Little Thumb. Tamlane. say . who considered them to be the produc- tion of superhuman intelligences. many Teutonic origin. states that the fic- tion of Tom Thumb was King Edgar's and entitled founded upon an authentic dwarf. and Tommel-finger. or Giant's Children. Tom Thumbe. just as our small hero was so consumed in England. account of in Some . Tom Thumb. A book in the Danish language treats of Swain Tomling. GIANTOLOGr AND DWAEFIANA. The same author cooling of volcanic the saw at the Desolate Mountain. to a woman Tom Heame. by the called is and which were Trolla-born. and has not much in common with our Tom Thumb. Thaumlin. Dauraerling. or became invisible. except that he was swallowed by a dmi cow in Germany. Our English dwarf. in Iceland. or Tom-a-lyn. and Death. lines written his Life 1630. or Little Thumb. Helgeland considered to be the ancient abode of those Jotuns.

which was enlarged and called The Tragedy of Tragedies. in Sir John Mandeville. eke a doughty knight His stature but an inch in height.: TOM THUMB. we have various accounts of nations of human pigmies. tells us of a land of pigmies. one hundred and four years before that date. and that they were only three spans or twenty-seven inches height. muni- Apart firom the stories of spiritual dwarfs. " In Arthur's court 243 did live. The best of all the table round. this stone lost. And Or quai'ter of a span . But during comparatively modern repairs done to the building. Tom Thumbe A man of mickle might. who travelled in Asia and Africa between 1322 and 1356. which was one of the five Danish towns of England and in the minster there was a little blue flag-stone in the pavement that was pointed out to credulous visitors as his monument. or the lAfe and Death of Tom Thumb the Great. Then thinke you not this little knight Was prov'd a valiant man ?" for 1697 tells us that. where there were men only three spans . Tom died at Lincoln. We have before mentioned that the giants of ancient legendai'y story figured in civic pageants. Strutt says that dwarfs also appeared in these cipal processions. Tom Thumb and Garagantua fought a duel on SaHsbury Plain. . was displaced and In 1730 Henry Fielding wrote a subsequently tragedy entitled Tom Thumb. Pliny says that such a people existed. Ac- An almanack cording to a popular tradition.

and were married when they were half a They generally if lived only six or seven years and they reached eight years. says Sir John. called Pitan. GIAiTTOLOGY AKD DWAEFIANA. but not so small as the pigmies. dwellinge in the . mountaynes of Ynde they be growen at their . These men lived by when they went far apples with the smell of wild apples. who had no mouths. & at their seuen yere they be olde they gader them in May a grete company togeder. In other places. for as soon as they lost the savour of that fruit. for they ate nothing. but one cubite longe. and had them to travel for them. were men as little little as dwarfs. fair Both the men and the women were and year gentle. they died. They scorned also says that men as we do to till giants. and they had no tongues neither did they speak. old. & third yere. . but as wild as beasts. & & arme them in theyr best maner . they took them . and than go they . entitled Noble I-yfe and Nature of Man. He there was another island.. through which they but instead a ate their round hole. and of aU manner of other things that were in the world. and out of the country. they were considered to be old. They were not reasonable. but blew and whistled. These small men were the best workmen great of silk and cotton. meat with a pipe. In a rare book by Laurens Andrewes. curious description of pigmies : is the following " Pigmeis be men full & women. and made signs to each other. and they were small. 244 long. and the land. where the men did not tiU the ground.

" He "To the north-east of Manikesock are a kind of called Matimbas." Pigaffetta says that an old pilot of the Moluccas told his Isle company that dwarfs lived in caverns in the of Aruchet. & do them great scathe but these folke couer their houses with the cranes feders & egshels. yet they have distinct speech. but although they have the shape of little men. was told in Iceland that " pigmies represent the most perfect shape of man . little people which are no bigger than boyes of their twelve yeares old. and the cranes do them they do because many displeasures. in his Pilgrimes. fight with them often tymes. Purehas. which they kiU in the woods with bowes and darts. that they are hairy to the uttermost joynts of the fingers. but are very thicke." and that in Brazil were pigmies living in caves : " This . and live onely upon flesh. & . nor make shew of a kinde of hissing. this & kyll all the yonges that they fynde. & where-so-euer they fynd any all cranes nestis.NATIONS OF DWAEFS. and that the males have beards downe to the knees . they breake the egges. In the seventeeth century Yan Helmont said that a slept merchant had told him that pigmies once Hved in the Canary Islands. to the 245 water syde. but sense or understanding." He further tells us that in Japan were " people of very low stature. Travellers tell us that a race of dwarfs once lived in Abyssinia. like dwarfes . also says : after the manner of geese. 1625. and had ears so very long that they upon one and covered themselves with the other.

Tocoman . the coffins were of stone. Some of the people appeared to have lived to a great age. And culls them. one at each side or each end. their teeth short. and the whole frames were well formed. The . were discovered in the near the town of Sparta. strong and well-set." One of the Hebrides where the it is is reported that several miniature bones of species human have been dug up in the ruins of Collins. altogether so little They are not England : their wee speake of them here in inhabitation in Tocoman is in caves as called the Isle of Pigmies. Whose hones the delver with his spade upthrows. and in it inhabits the pigmeys I have seene many of them amongst the Spaniards at the Riyer of Plate. in his a chapel there. and one over the corpse. an acre and a half in extent. and made by laying a stone at the bottom. from half an acre county of White. feet The graves were about two deep flat . being worn smooth and whUe others were full and long. from the hallow'd ground. wondering. is all sandie. The greatest length of The bones were the skeletons was nineteen inches. of the ground. " To that hoar pile which still In whose small vaults a its ruins shows is : pigmy folk found. wherein very small people had been deposited in tombs or coffins of stone.246 coimtrie of GIANTOLOGT AND DWAEFIANA." It is alleged by contemporary newspapers that in to 1828 several burying-grounds. state of Tennessee. William Ode on the Popular Superstitions of refers the Highlands of Scotland.

dis- covered near Watertown in that county some remarkable graves. Webber. and were formed by an excavation of about fifteen inches below the surface. in which were placed four undressed slabs of rock —one in the bottom of the pit. in which were found two or three One of these skeletons had about its neck ninety-four pearl beads. and constructed. un- hewn stones. Kentucky . places Near one of site these burying- was the appearance of the his of an ancient town. of a gray colour. Tennessee. who had been spending much time in Smith County.PIGMY GRAVES. that became extinct at a period beyond reach even of the tradition of the so-called Indian aborigines. Newspapers for 1866 tell us that General Milroy. made of ground stone shells. in and Tennessee refers to the diminutive sarcophagi found in . dead were east all 247 heads towards the buried with tlieir and in regular order. laid on their backs and In the bend of that with their hands on their breasts. which were disclosed by the washing of a small creek in its passage through a low bottom. the left arm was found a cruse or vessel hold nearly a pint. Romance of Natural History 1853. sides. bottom. These he conjectures to be the places of sepulture of a pigmy race. would or shell. . The graves were from eighteen inches to two feet in length. and he describes these receptacles and top. of flat to be about three feet in length by eighteen inches deep. most of them being of the smaller size. attending to some mining business.

248 one on each tons. there are exis- of a non-historic diminutive people. who may have been the descendants of primitive races who were driven inland by the invasion of a more powerful people. and njany with well-defined bones. and one on the top. and in the lapse of generations may But have lost. except that there was a large number of similar graves near StatesviHe in the same county. MUroy by him in the State Library Whatever truth there may be stories. and also a little burial-ground at the mouth of Stone G-eneral River. near the city of Nashville. inhabitants of the vicinity The oldest knew nothing of their ori- gin or history. deposited the bones found at Nashville. Borneo. The teeth adults. and other countries. and Asiatic continents and of the larger tent rehquise and in India. were very diminutive. by their isolation. the small measure of civiHsation that they had formerly attained. it in these curious seems that in the interior of the European islands. were found in them. have arrived at the conclusion that there never has been any race marvellously short in stature. General Milroy could not gain any satisfactory infor- mation respecting these pigmy graves. side. Human skele- some with nearly an entire skuU. but evidently those of Earthen crocks were also found with the skeletons. philosophers who have ai'e fully discussed the question whether there any causes in operation likely to produce a race of very small dwarfs. notwithstanding the testimonies of ancient poets and historians. AH the . GIANTOLOGT AJSB DWAEFIANA.

and dressed in cotton clothes. as practised with incantations . the sides lids being fastened on with brass pins. lid The tin. conjectures have been formed respecting these simulacra of wood : one being. appeared that the burials had been made singly and at considerable intervals of time. minimum of human stature Reserving for the present our consideration of several tribes of people who add are said to be of dito minutive stature. in Edinburgh. Near Arthur's Seat in a and SaHsbury Crags some boys found aperture about twelve inches square. be- cause some of the coffins were rotten and decayed. while others were in various degrees of decomposition.fairy's burial-place. that they were deposited in liUiputian coffins and buried for magical purposes or superstitious speUs. Some Various of them were preserved in the museum of the late Robert Frazer. Quetelet. on the authority of Birch. 249 examples well authenticated are rare and individual only. assigns seventeen inches as the reliably recorded. a jeweller. long. and a few were comparatively fresh. carved out of wood. and each The coffins were three or four inches was cut entire out of one piece of wood. and the were studded with pieces of first Many and it years had elapsed since the interment. we will our account of the above-mentioned pigmies' graves some information relative to a so-called fairy's burial-place which was rock an discovered in Scotland in 1836. each of which contained a miniature figm'e. in which were many lilliputian coffins.

Re- another idea being that they were synl- bolically interred in memory of friends who died at a long distance. to the era of the from the very earKest times up formation . he resided in Holyrood It Palace.* Koriacks. 69.. and Bushmen. Kamt- Esquimaux. were consequently precluded from taking Mr. and had been brought from the * interior of Africa. seems certain that there are several dwarfish races of people. Ostiacks. They were of the Hottentot tribe. are aU diminulatter are The two perhaps the smallest people as a race that we are acquainted with. Frazer thought that the depositors proba- bly were some of the French emigrants who accompa- nied and formed part of the household of Charles X. their average height seldom exceeding four feet or four feet five inches. as Comte d'Artois. about 1795 or 1796. in effigy if they should happen Although we arrive at the conclusion that there it never has been a nation of pigmies. . Our readers will remember that we have recorded that the Lapps. custom in Saxony departed friends it bury the miniature who had died in a distant land and on was also a superstition among to sailors to enjoin their wives on parting to give them Christian burial be drowned. to was an ancient effigy of .250 GIANTOLOGY AND DWAEFIANA. Between ten and twenty years ago two Bushmen or Boshiemen children were exhibited at the Egyptian Hall in London. when. ehadales. Samoiedes. tive. in whose actual funereal rites the depositors part. Vide p.

Du Chaillu has announced his discovery of a whole nation of African negro dwarfs. went through the manual and platoon exercises wife. in the character of a girl corporal of the army. male and female. danced. and the appeared as a soldier's Their parents were said to have been mur- who pursued and exterminated the Bushmen ti'ibe with unrelenting ferocity. and thirty-two inches high. 251 They were a boy and a girl. was three feet five inches by exact measurement. about 1770. in his account of his voyage to Madagascar. He asserts that they entirely confined themselves to the middle region of the place. . The girl was eight years old. he says. England. Eochon says. The common size of the men. The boy. although nearly fuU grown. They were possessed of and were the boldest and island. and. the plants and vegetables growing on the mountains inhabited by them were naturally He also saw there a dwarfish race called dwarfed. much wit and intellect. . The boy was sixteen years of age. threw a spear. and he has given us the mea- surements of their stature. They were rescued by a Dutch trader. that he was a resident among some the lilliputian race of people in that island time. most active warriors on the To accommodate these fairy people. and performed various other feats. and taken to Cape Town. whence they were brought to dered by Kaffirs. In their exhibition they wore the dress of their tribe. not related to each other. was only forty-four inches in height.DWAKF BUSHMEN. and that the women were some inches shorter.

and complexions strikingly resembled the ne- . her limbs were Her weU formed. who were not above four feet high. at the end of the last century. Page. who were whiter or paler in colour than the other negroes. complexion was very fair. three feet high. nipples. but possessed They were not above uncommon strength of body. except when they suckled. lively. had no appearance of breasts except the was good-humoured. She She her arms were exceedingly long. scai'cely and any breasts. and three feet seven inches high. and her features were agreeable. all GIANTOLOGY AND DWARFIANA. sensible. arrived at A sailor named Jean Borden. and obliging. whose fea- tures groes. related that he had met with a nation of dwarfs. ingenious. The author particularly describes a Kimos woman. years of age. and great quickness of mind. on which island he had been shipwrecked in 1767. They were The women had intelligent. across the African conti- nent from Madagascar. her hair was short and woolly. The Abbe La Chappe inhabited visited a village in Siberia by people called Wotiacks. a slave belonging to the She was about thirty governor of Fort Dauphin. Their arms were so long that they could stretch their hands below their knees without stooping. inhabiting the high mountains in the interior of that country. says that in Manilla was a race of men. very diminutive in stature.252 the Kimos. and of mild and gentle dispositions. who Marseilles early in 1776.

The grottoes of Beni Hassan. in Egypt.— Dwarf of Earl Marshal of EnglandDomestic Dwarfs— Duke of Mantua's Dwarfs— Propagation of Dwarfs Dwarf of Archduke Ferdinand African King's Dwarfs Dwarfs at Eussian Court Russian Dwarfs Hamburgh Dwarfs Dram-drinking and Dwarfs Byron describes —Charles present at his Marriage with Anne Shepherd —Waller's Poem on the Marriage—Advertisement for Gibson's Descendants — Jeffrey Hudson — his Life — Christopher Wren— Isaac Newton's smallness — How to make Dwarfs. the mis-shapen deity of Mem- .CHAPTEE XL Egyptian Dwarfs Dwarf Amulets Romans kept Dwarfs Emperor Augustus and Dwarfs Lucius Conopas Andromeda Sisyphus Gladiatorial Dwarfs Naked Dwarfs Fancy Dwarf Dwarfs in royal retinues Spanish Court — — — — Dwarfs — Dwarf of Charles V. that WUkinson surmised the Egyptian grandees admitted these grotesque beings into their households " originally. Gibson I. from a or from some superstitious regard for humane motive. Dwarf— John de Estrix-Zoilus— Richard Sir Sir The custom of lia%diig dwarfs and deformed men in the in the suites of grand personages was common East from the earhest times. contain sculpturings which show how very ancient was this usage in that country. — King — — — — — — Christian's — — Dwarf — — — — — — — — Dwarfs — Philetas — Maximus and Tullius — Alypius— Croesus — Calvus — Charaous — Uladislaus — Baoonthorpe — Dwarf in parrot's cage — French Dwarf in cage — Decker — Jervis—The Molones — Dutch Dwarf — Shakespeare and Dwarfs — Queen Elizabeth's gift to a Dwarf of Charles IX. Pthah-Sokari-Osiris. men who bore the external character of one of their principal gods. perhaps.

a singular fact that.254 phis. with his hands resting upon his hips. or Heroprows him as a pigmy figure." The Egyptians had figm'e of a like in use a small terra-cotta dwarf god. the same fancy of attaching these persons to their suite existed among the Egyptians. full-length. These figures probably amulets against adver- were used by sity. It is said that Abbas Pasha was the last grandee who kept dwarfs in Egypt.500 years ago. . on entering Represen- the temple of Memphis. ^gyp- an engraving of an ancient bronze representing one of these dwarf charms. the same author says {Ancient Egyptians) Vulcan. GIANTOLOGT AND DWABFIAITA. Memphis and and it appears that dwarfs and deformed persons were held in consideration in this part of Egypt. out of respect to the deity of the place. and says that Cambyses." : Again. whatever it is may have given rise to the custom. with a rude beard. tations of this at dwarf deity are frequently met with the vicinity. something . gives Wilkinson an exactly similar illustration . but. ah-eady as early as the age of Osirtasen. more than 3. resembling at the the Pataikos placed by the Phcenicians of their vessels . this people as Father Kircher published in his (Edipi in 1654. Hercules and also one of the deformed Pthah- Sokari-Osiris of Memphis. and Count Caylus has given us a print of a bronze of the same kind. ridiculed the contemptible appearance of the Egyptian Hephaestus. particularly worshipped at Memphis. tiaci. dotus describes " Pthah-Sokari-Osiris was that form of Pthah.

a mentions a dwarf. formed. and the Emperor Augustus particularly admired comely young ones. not only would he have them little. and they were Marc Antony had dwarfs in his court. and weighed only seventeen poimds. Some persons even exercised the cruel art of stopping the growth of children by confining them in chests. And lively. or binding them with bandages.EOMAN DWARFS. as we do monkeys. Dwarfs were introduced 255 at a later period of his- tory into different parts of Europe. named Koman knight. and they were employed in Eome even before the time of the empire. handsome. and kept them. in order to prepare them Syria for sale to the wealthy patrons of such stunted curiosities. who was : exhibited in the theatre to the people as an object of curiosity Augustus. but they also must be perfectly Suetonius says that their prattle. whom he caused to be sent to him from all parts of the world. The Romans were very great admirers of them. historian The same Lucius. Suetonius says by " Thenceforth the only exhibition he made of that kind was that of a man named Lucius. Most of them came from Egypt and called nani or nance. and Augustus amused himself with and played with them for nuts. and thus forgot his constitutional melancholy and the cares of the world. . of a good family." . in imitation of the custom in the East. young who was not quite two feet in height. and especially fi'om Mauritania and Syria. for diversion. but had a stentorian voice.

When men in they were used in gladiatorial exhibitions they presented a ridiculous contrast to their opponents. learn that it was the fashion From Dio Cassius we for the Roman ladies of naked quality to have beautiful Httle boys running about their apartments. M. a freed maid of Julia's. and the latter kept a band of dwarf gladiators. she had married her uncle Claudius. of ordinary size. and accordingly become Empress of Rome. the daughter of Augustus. was of the same height \ Sisyphus. custom of keeping toy pigmies the middle ages. who two feet and a hand's-breath high. A novel entitled The Empress. Julia. was very fond M'as of a male dwarf named Conopas. this is only a fancy a tasteful one. but as it is Of course. describes a dwarf page of the renowned Agrippina the younger. and were decked with jewels. Andromeda. and of fall age. had a Kvely " What vast perfection cannot Nature crowd Into a puny point 1" Tiberius and Domitian had dwarfs in then* suites. it may be worth . Alexander Severus put down the . Bennett. after published about 1835. symmetrically formed. in order to gratify their indelicate tastes. sketch. and yet wit. but it was revived The Eoman dwarfs commonly went naked.256 GIANTOLOGT AND DWAEFIANA. by G. Antonius is said to have kept a dwarf named who was not two feet in height.

his complexion healthy. IN EOYAL SUITES. has also introduced them in a series of paintings of the history of Constantino . representing the Infanta Margarita. . and bound in at the waist by a jewelled belt. where the most ugly of such deformities were the most valued. his features were pleasing.. 257 richest " His hair. who are teasing a patient dog. but not an unpleasant one . At Madrid is a painting by the last- named artist." Dwarfs formed part of the retinue of William Duke of Normandy. They were also employed to hold the bridle of the king's horse in state processions. hung in a profusion of shining ringlets over a brow as fair as the most delicate female's . his eyes were of an indistinct colour. and gave a peculiar expression to his counte- nance. Maria Borbola and Nicolasico Pertusano. Domenichino has placed Eaphael dwarfs in the suite of the Emperor Otho. his costume was fancifully composed of a shirt of silver cloth descend- ing to his knees. and Velasquez has painted some dwarfs who were attached to the Spanish court. hung at and a kind of turban was placed upon hilt his the table at which he sat. which fastened in the front with a diamond clasp . over this was thrown negligently a Persian shawl of considerable value. with her two dwarfs. and a deep border of curious workmanship a small poniard with a jewelled girdle. DWARFS reproduction. approaching to pink. which was of the gold colour. with a blue ground. for every lord to use in whose time it was the custom them as pages or valets.

The dwarf. obeying these and left instructions.258 GIANTOLOGY ANT) DWARFIANA. years. and his mother partiality for dwarfs. the sole companion of his misery. was a dungeon. whereupon he mission . we read had a singular In 1572. In the Louvre at Paris is a painting by Fran- cesco Torbido of a favourite dwarf of Charles V. in 1542 tells us that King Christian I. mentioned in the tenth volume of Les Archives Curieuses de VHistoire de France. After a time. fell into the hands of his enemy. the door was at once walled up. named Corneille. dressed as a knight. the king prevailed on the dwarf to counterfeit sickness. feigned illness. was consequently liberated. and to solicit his removal from prison for the recovery of his health. Frederic and was made a prisoner in the where his place of confinement Castle of Sondeborg. article entitled In an 1585. his left hand resting on the back of a large dog. Coxe. His master remained in captivity Rdglemens de la Maison du many Moi. Having entered this gloomy cell with a favourite dwarf. of He is represented on foot. three of them were the sent to him as a present from Emperor of . that both Charles IX. the Danish territories on his but he was overtaken and recaptured very soon afterwards. in his Travels in Denmark. with a small grated window. he was to endeavour to escape from the Danish dominions to the court of the Electress. If he should be successful.. which serves to indicate the stature of the dwarf. Spain.

who being learned. with La- . and ink. and so much eloquence. sixty-six livres tournois and to Yoes Bourdin. score and five livres toui-nois were paid for the expenses of bring- ing some dwarfs from Poland to the king. Majoski. tournois. a speech in Latin before his imperial majesty. has survived imtil comparatively recent times. and in the magnificent train of that noble lord when he went made ambassador to Vienna (about the restitution of the Palatinate to the vanquish'd Eang of Bohemia). books. John Wierix's pubhshed in 1594. Rondeau. Evelyn. vaJet to the dwarfs. . Bible. fifty-five livres infer that these Hence we dwarfs were regularly maintained as important adjmicts to the royal equipage. refers to a dwarf named " Mr. these." The very early fashion of having dwarfs as retainers to ornament the homes of princes. as well in clothes. with such a grace. tailor to the dwarfs. as merited a golden chain and medal of the emperor. Eamus (Pumilo to Thomas Earl Marshal of England). IN EOYAL SUITES. also Mention made of fifty-three livres tournois being paid to to Noel Cochon. was given to the queen mother and in the extracts from her accounts we find thirty livres expended for " little disbursements for the said Mamust is joski. pens.DWARFS Germany. contains an engraving by that artist representing the feast of Dives. paper. as to the regent of the college. One of ." he therefore have received a university education. in his Numismata. 1697. governor of the dwarfs . six 259 In the same year.

in other words. playing with a monkey. the tip of the little finger of the same hand on the top of his right thumb. who is is depicted as running away from a woman. has reproThe Saturday duced the dwarfs from "Wierix's Bible. who by two men. or. wholly anachronisms. In the rioh man's banqueting- room is a dwarf. without doors or furniture. by 0. they were wealthy. and bare. Ms door. De Malery. him down is the steps of a tavern with her and assisted in the assault A dog upon the steps is barking at the flying spendthi-ift. and spreading out the fingers to the utmost extent. which he does by placing the thumb of his hand at the end of his nose. perhaps. with his bladder and In the ducal palace at Mantua are about six very small apartments. and a dwarfish fool has dropped his bauble to mock left him. They are now mere whitened rooms. is In the same book illiistrating the another plate.260 zarus at GIANTOLOGT AND DWAEFIANA. about eight feet square. common adjuncts to the tables of the Hone in his Year-Booh for 1832. but in . which are said to have been built his dwarfs. interpolations in the Bible stories. parable of the prodigal son. leading one into the other." These dwarfs are. mestic dwarf and a giant bauble. but they were not. when they were portrayed. Magazine for 1836 contains an engraving of a dofool. beating shoes. and con- tributing to the amusement of the company. by " taking a sight. of course. the sixteenth In century. by a duke of that city for They are less than six feet high.

assembled together a number of dwarfs of both fruitless. in his Geschichte der Hofnarren. chair. the latter privately desired the duke that. that at the Ambras. castle of tells us. Flogel. frequently bantered the dwarf on his diminutive figure . and none of them left It is said that Catharine of Medicis practised the same experiment. ils mais vues fiirent trom- ne produisserent rien.DWARF-BREEDING. menages . representing a dwarf lived in the Archduke Ferdinand's court. in order to marry them. "uneprincesse d'Allemagne entrepit de rassembler un grand nombre de nains des deux sexes . and out of revenge. Keysler. one called the kitchen is 261 steps. with a view to multiplying their species . he would drop it one of his' gloves. who Aymon. The dwarf in the mean time crept under the duke's and while Aymon was stooping for the glove . devotes a chapter to the subject of the formerly widely spread custom of keeping dwarfs royalty . eUe essaye ses d'en multiplier I'espece pees. Elector of Brandenburg. a raised platform with is The ascent to these rooms by one or two propor- tionately diminutive flights of steps. when at table. in the account of his travels in the middle of the eighteenth century. but her attempt was issue. elle les reunit en petits ." The first wife of Joachim Frederic. as appendages to it. was a wooden image only three spans high. a giant. state and and Montaigne also refers to Salgues says. sexes. and with as little success. in the Tyrol. and order Aymon to take up.

to the great A writer dom. who The common name of these pigmies is Baklie Bakke. in 1805-1808. and. scarcely or awaiting his commands. These little beings are generally the gayest drest per- sons in the service of their lord. he says that dwarfs " are here the pages and the playentertainments things of the great . the dwarf gave diversion of all him a blow on the company." Porter. but they are also called Mimos. they wear the skin of some beast tied about them. There is is a nobleman in this country who not possessed of one or more of these frisks of nature but in their selection I cannot say that the noblesse display their gallantry. 262 GIANTOLOGT AND DWAEFLiNA. with their backs towards . where reside none but men of such a shoot the elephants. holding his snuff-box. says : Loango king" Before the king's cloth some dwarfs. their usual station * Vide page 88. in his Travels in Russia and Sweden.. that the practice of keeping fools and dwarfs in the houses of the nobles much pre- vailed in the former country. at almost all stand for hours by their lord's chair. teUs us. him . presence of their owner.* the face. The blacks say there is a wilderness statm'e. in sit in 1745. and are attired in a uniform or livery of very costly materials. as they choose none but males. for some deformity. referring to the West Africa. their heads are of a prodigious bigness but. In the is at his . after praising nature for having made and so few female dwarfs.

Take them on flaws in the we the whole. their features are so alike that you their might easily imagine that one pair had spread progeny over the whole country." The author then gives some anecdotes of dwarfs whom he saw. they are then responsible for the cleanliness and combed locks of species. in the character of a page . their companions of the canine is The race of these imfortunates and their very diminutive in Russia. we need envy is Russia this part of her offspring. It very cm-ious to observe how nearly they resemble all each other." it Porter candidly admits that this sort of expression may be difficult to it is imagine but he adds that "a sort of wizened. their figures." Captain Colville Frankland. in 1830 . generally well-shaped. they are such compact and even pretty little beings. in his Narrative of a Visit to tJie Courts of Russia and Sweden. in the proportion of should nowhere discover them to be economy of nature. which is commonly exceedingly enlarged. particularly of the Governor of Moscow's dwarf. inconceivable unless you saw it. 263 and during his elbow.. DWAEFS IN RUSSIA. particularly graceful. were it not for a pecuHarity of feature and the size of the head. "whose features and expression have an appearance to the eye as if he washed his face with alum-water. sharp look. and very numerous. absence. They are feet hands and Indeed. that no idea can be formed of them I cannot say that from the clumsy deformed dwarfs which are exhibited at our fairs in England.

264 GIANTOLOGY AND DWAEFIANA. at my request. : and 1831. for his partner the gouvernante. bouncing woman of twenty-five. says : " Hideously deformed dwarfs haunt . The pretty Mademoiselle Beauty and " the Eosetti.') "At a very agreeable family party at the Prince Paul Gallitzin's were masks. species. (' Madame said Beast. his voice was a very plaintive but weak barytone. kept caressing the dwarf at ball. a fine.. says Eussian " Madame DivofF. He likewise. ago. after having rested with . which he accompanied on the pianoforte. these droll little very well made and good-looking they frisked and frolicked about with the children of the house as if they themselves were not (as in reality they were) men and women. One of these poor activity. equipped as an officer of hussars. and a party of male and female dwarfs urchins were all . danced a mazurka with great grace and and selected fat.' I to 'Zemir et Azor. He is ugly and disagreeable than others of his Princesse Serge Gallitzin has a sort . in the same work. writing of Hamburg. who less remains constantly with the company. The cha- kindness of the Eussian nobles to these unfortunate beings does infinite honour to the racter. La little fellow of this the Lisianskis have also one in constant attend- ance. has a dwarf in like many other ladies. mortals." national Franldand. her house. two evenings DivofFs her. the streets and promenades of the good town the eye of the and observer. little but children likewise. sang a Eussian romance.

and Sweden. spirits down the throats of infants and to this custom he ascribes both their small size and the frequency of . 265 complacency on the round and well-turned form of the smart soubrette. Transform'd their lords to beasts (but that's a fact). Of magic ladies who. but short their youth. . being most Byron. Of secret treasures found in hidden vales." Dr. at the in their palaces from Hakluyt. Of wonderful replies from Arab jokers. and Russia. tells us that within a " court yard were the Turks' dwarfes aiid dumbe men.: DWAKFS m TURKEY. by one sole act. ." Don Juan. end of the siKteenth century. Of rocks bewitch'd that open'd to the knockers. dwarfs in the northern countries of Europe Poland. writing in his Voyage. reverts with hori'or to the miserable Flibbertigibbets which abound in a frightftd pro- portion to the whole population. Finland. they are dram-drinkers from He saw mothers pouring raw . in 1823. Clarke. island he says " In a scene Greek Afar a dwarf buffoon stood telling tales To a sedate gray circle of old smokers. Of charms to make good gold and cure bad ails. in his Travels through Denmark. gives for many passages about the dwarfs who were kept amusement and laid in a ornament in the East. Sweden. says that the Glanders are a strong and vigorous people. Lapland. Russia. Iforway. in his of them youths. as in The Turks have kept dwarfs very early times.

and though so little. and a poet. To give some rebel Pasha a cravat For mutes are generally used for that. they glared As Baba with his fingers made them fall To heaving back the portal folds it scared They spoke by signs — And : . And dwarfs and Waoks. dancing-girls. As is the custom of those eastern climes. as if allied In mockery to the enormous gate which rose O'er them in almost pyramidic pride . Their duty was —for they were strong. by degradation) mingled there As plentiful as in a court or fair. nor white. The gate so splendid was in all its features. Which made their new establishment complete. although perhaps the pencil may . that is. the least you could suppose. which they could really do. " This massy portal stood at the wide close Of a tuge and on its either side Two little dwarfs. lie And now they were diverted by their suite. They were misshapen pigmies. who cost a no less monstrous sum. Dwarfs. nor gray. little creatures. Gazelles and oats. Whose colour was not black. that gain Their bread as ministers and favourites (that's To say.: to the Sultan's palace in Turkey. The hinges being as smooth as Eogers' rhymes And now and then with tough strings of the bow. black eunuchs. looking like two inoubi. But an extraneous mixture. Were sate. and then started back in horror to survey The wond'rous hideousness of those small men. — — 266 GIANTOLOGr AOT) DWAEFIANA. which no pen Can trace. and suolilike things. deaf and dumb Monsters.. They look'd To ope this door. Tou never thought about those TTntil Tou you nearly trod on them. like ugly imps." ***** hall. not spoke at all . did strong things at times . — — * Changing the scene he says.

and sometimes a childi'en." . have finished their span of exare three years old." : fact that children are occasionally born a foot and a half in height. or Yarro says. as this pair so small With shrinking serpent optics on him stared It was as if their little looks could poison Or fascinate whome'er they fix'd then. He was made and the elegies preceptor to Ptolemy and epigrams which he wrote have been greatly commended. Maximus and Marcus TuUius. and members of the equestrian order of Rome. an early king of Egypt. Byron seems ladies." . Philetas. such however.eyes on. " to have had no taste for diminutive with more force than politeness. by the way. in the reigns of PhiKp and his son Alexander the Great (who. according to the improbable accounts of ^Kan. two gentlemen. Philadelphus . was of very low stature all his but he far exceeded predecessors in policy and discretion. that Marius about two feet eleven inches high. Pliny says . "I have myself seen them preserved in their coffins He adds " It is far from an unknown (loculis). that he always carried pieces of lead in his pockets to prevent himself from being blown away by the wind. were each only two cubits." istence by the time they Alypius of Alexandria. a logician and philoso- . was so small and slender. was a short man). a grammarian and poet of Cos. Diodorus says that Boeehor. 267 Juan a moment. for he. says Her stature tall —I hate a dumpy woman. little more .: DWARF POET.

" C. crook-backed. Characus. whom he contended for stature. historians. and drew away the hearers of Jamblicus. a celebrated orator in nothing as in that and poet in the time of Cicero. against whom this wisest dwarf pleaded counsellors in an action. and as it were a monster among men. oneeyed. he was one of the smallest adult dwarfs of whom we have any infor- mation. to his court.268 pher. for the purpose of addi'essing a crowd in reference to Cato. Licinius Calvus. old. only one foot five inches He flourished in the fourth century. lame of a leg. with superiority in eloquence. at Alexandria. This occasioned some conferences between them. a dwarf. which we much doubt. GIANTOLOGT AND DWARFIANA. the philosopher. in which he praised his Alypius died very virtue and steadiness of mind. was as the latter wrote his life. but no animosity. it is said by the ancient and a half high. of his time. was of a very short He is said to have stood upon a pile of turfs in the market-place. titians He was one of the most subtle dialeo- much followed. Saladin. When Croesus. invited is Anacharsis. yet he thought himself so monstrous he had no philosopher in his court and of his council. the wise king of Lydia. If the above-given height be correct. was. he to have written thus of himself: said " That although nature had made him deformed. and was contemporary with JambHcus. one of the of the the great conqueror of the East in .

the In 1306 lived Uladislaus of Poland. He was a Frenchman. inkhom. one sheet of paper. stature. and confirms the above story. Scalpellum. Sabinus says. charta. in his Wonders of the Little World. pigmy king who fought more battles. who was not above a cubit high. in this county. bred a Carmelite in the convent of Blackney. libeUus. their burden were more than body could bear. who says that he was informed by a gentleman of a clear reputation that he had seen at Sienna a man not exceeding the sta^ ture of the man whom Cardan saw. and .' His penknif^ pen. and any of his books. of Limosin. calami. m A CAGE. that there was then lately to be seen in Italy a man of a ripe age. in his Worthies.' says : under the head of ' Nor- "John Baconthorpe was born in a village so called. As for all his books of his own making put together. and who was carried about in a parrot's cage. this Hierome Cardan saw man in the same country. ' : first in one remarkable on many ac- First. in his commentary upon the Metamorphoses. than any of his full-sized Fuller. having a formal beard. folk. then in Paris counts." He died in 1346. atramentum. and obtained more glorious predecessors. and afterwards studied Oxford. for the dwarfishness of his stature. 269 was a man of exceedingly small Cubitalis. victories.DWARF twelfth century. which is matched by another told in more recent times by Wanley. vrould amount his to his full height.

Paddington. and when the assembly was fuU he came on an instrument. or Ducker.row. an English dwarf. the dwarf: is "The resemblance of this diminutive person preserved by his statue. and was only two feet and a half high. At the end of the . who was exhibited abroad in 1610. as appears by the dates painted on the girdle at the back of the statue in the possession of George Walker. other- wise of straight and thick Hmbs. most inimitably carved in oak. Winchester. Lisson-green. and coloured to resemble life. in his Biographical DictionaTy. he had a long beard.270 GIANTOLOGY AST) DWAEFIANA. by Walker and Clamp. in a cage for little was shown cage was a money. drawn at fall length he was about forty-five years of age. that he was in height but three retained feet eight inches. . in his Theatrum Vitce Sumance. : down money by I have his picture by me. an Englishman. as far as might be discerned by his face. and well proportioned : less than he I have never seen. which now began to be wrinkled. 1824. says of John Jervis. He died in the year 1558. All that is known as her of his history is." Grranger. into which he retired forth. : whom some to get of his countrymen carried up and the sight of him. and of latter year whom Platerus says. and was • by Queen Mary page of honour. and played About 1555 was born John Decker. aged fifty-seven years.. hatch. in Caulfield's Remarkable Persons. Theodore Zuinger." is An given engraving of Jervis. Esq. under the date of the "I saw John Ducker.

singing. in his Picture of London. lying in his shroud on a mat. One of them was an actor in plays and interludes and the other was a famous highway robber. and after tosse it above three or foure times.: DWAEF DUTCHMAN. short man. of whom men at the said. applicable to a . in his Chronicle. but a stumpe to the elbow. half-naked and quite emaciated. throw a bowle. WiUiam Emerson. 1803. representing this was an extremely diminutive dwarf. only one foot Under a tea-cup he might lie. 271 1571. all. little more on the right on the which. three inches high " age of ninety-two years. a side. sound a trumpet." Barrett. in height but three foote. says that against the waU of the clink or manor of Southwark figure. They were so little that their names passed into a proverb. had never a goode nor any knee at . beat with a hammer. hee would daunce a cup. the inches The other was foote. hew with an axe. who was. " He was as very a dwarf as Molone. Stow. Or creased like dog's-ears in a folio. says : '* In the yeare 1581 were to be scene in London two Dutchmen of strange one in height seven foote and seven statures. and yet could hee daunce a galliard hee had no arme. and drink every day ten . it is said. which was uncommonly well executed." In 1575 died. and every he would time receive the same on the said stumpe : shoote an arrow neere to the marke. flurish with a rapire. says that two of the Molones were remarkable for the shortness of their stature.

.: . In the Merry Wives of Windsor. Also the man standing on his the lesser (with his hat and his legs feather on his head) went vpright between and touched him not. Hermia. you acorn 1" made * Vide page 96. . 272 GIANTOLOGT AND DWABFIANA. such as giants and dwarfs. 2. says " Now I peroeire that she hath . and having on feather. sc. quarts of the best beere if he could get I myselfe on the 17 of July. made compare Between our statures she hath urg'd her height And with her Her height are personage."* Stow tells us that in his day. she And Lysander. and tJae taller man sitting on a the lesser standing on the his same bench. Shakspeare makes several references to dwarfs. head a hat with a taller was yet the lower. sc. "Ihad go before you like a man than follow him (his burly master) like a dwarf. thou painted maypole ? speak How low am I ?" forsooth. you grown so high in his esteem. You minimus. act iii. you dwarf knot-grass . hath prevaii'd with him. saw bench bare-headed." In A Midsum- mer-NigMs Dream. . among the usual exhibitions at Bartholomew Fair were wonderful and monstrous creatures. of hind'ring Tou head. feet. rather. Because I am so dwarfish and so low 1 How low am I. Robin. it. act iii. says to Mistress Page: forsooth. 2. her tall personage. addressing Hermia in the same scene. FalstafPs page. speaking of Helena and Lysander. " Get you gone.

and was not more than high. of Mechlin. Agamemnon A stirring dwarf we do allowance give Before a sleeping giant. this is a child. act says: " ii. was the following : "To Mrs. 3. 1589. the dwarf. A Alas. act ii. sc. act i. entitled Cupid's Re- foimded upon Beaumont and Fletcher's play . 2. and industrious." John de Estrix. and marry him an aglet-baby." meaning a diminutive being. sc." In Troilus and Cressida. in- Edmund Among vented a dwarf for the service of Florimel. at Greenwich. Grumio says of Petruchio. In the First Part oi Henry VI. in his Fairy Queen. or aiguilette. two ounces of gilt plate. Queen EKzabeth on January 1584-5. was brought to the Duke of Parma in 1592. 3. And large proportion of his strong-knit limbs. He was learned. nor get upon a seat. when he was thirty-five years of age. the new-year's gifts presented by 1st. second Hector.: QUEEN Elizabeth's dwarf. for his grim aspect. three feet He could not go upstairs. Charles venge. the Countess says of Talbot " I thought I should have seen some Hercules. ingenious. so. Tomysen. or a point." Spenser. " Give him gold enough. He was skilled in three languages. 273 In the Taming of the Shrew. lifted but was always up by a servant. not exceeding the length of the tag of to a puppet. a silly dwarf. Lamb wrote a story. had a long beard.

by the venom of an " inward pestilence. common jest In her besotted eyes he was grown a goodly gentleman. with the just feelings of an outraged parent. in which he introduced the Princess Hidaspes. with intermingled outcries upon the crueTty of her father. He He sometimes painted historical pieces. whose manner he successfully imitated. performed before the Court in 1612. He was a pupil of De Cleyn. came on a sudden to cast eyes of affection upon a mean and deformed creature. after many deadly swoon- ings. "but the ceremony was no sooner sent — to the derision of all pre- —^performed. His works were much valued. than. of the same name. to He went HoUand on purpose to instruct the former." called the About 1615 was born Eighard Gibson.274 GIANTOLOGY AND DWABFIANA. and one of them was the cause . master I. she in no long time after died. the of the courtiers." her father " commanded the head off. and lived about the palace. ZoUus by name." She married him. but afterwards applied himself chiefly to miniature portraits. who. where. drew that of CromweU several times. afterwards queens of England. and he was late in life ap- pointed drawing-master to the Princesses Mary and over Anne. of the tapestry works to Charles He improved himself in his art under Sir Peter Lely. to distinguish him fi'om his nephew William Gibson. who was a dwarf. commonly Dwarf. of the presumptuous bridegroom to be stricken and committed the distracted princess to her close prisoner chamber.

CHABLBS of a tragical event. AND COURT DWARF. . 275 This painting. by hanging. Beneath the level of all care. make others wive : . entitled Of the Marriage of ilie Dwarfs. Thrice happy is that humble pair. who gave it into the charge of Vahdervort. it is said. encouraged a union between them. Over whose heads those arrows fly Of sad distrust and jealousy Seourfed in as high extreme As if the world held none but them. giving away the bride. him page of the back-stairs. In obedience to these injunctions. it.. the keeper of the royal pictures. I. was highly prized by Charles I. the court poet. and the queen presenting her with a diamond ring as a bridal gift. the custodian put the picture carefully that he could not find it away so himself when the Afraid to say king asked for that he it shortly afterwards. Charles I. had mislaid Yandervort committed suicide after his death the picture it. with strict orders to take the greatest care of it. Anne Shepherd. who was court dwarf to Her majesty. But Nature did this match contrive Eve might as well have Adam fled.. He married Queen Henrietta Maria.. or chance. " Design. cele- brated the wedding in some very neat verses. and was present at their nuptials. for whom Heav'n seem'd to frame And measure out this only dame. As she deny'd her little bed To him. representing the parable of the Lost Sheep. was found A few days in the spot where he had placed In Gribson's capacity of court dwarf to Charles that king appointed I. Edmund Waller.

and died early in His widow died in the reign of William and Mary. 1690. From all the world had sever'd us . at the age of seventy-five years. 276 XJIANTOLOGY AND DWARFIANA. He was glories born during the reign of James I. at Wilton.. Mrs. details. Eichard Gibson. In a newspaper of 1803 appeared the following advertisement relating to the Gibson. They both appear of Paintinff. Chloris that kind Nature thus : I . It is incorrect in descendants of Mr. Charles II. and were of the full ordinary size. is in a picture with the Duchess of Eichmond. compensating calls this compendious couple. As love has me for only you 1" The marriage was a very happy one. five of whom lived to years of maturity. Crom- well.. by length of years. saw the and the troubles of Charles and James II. for shortness of stature. at the age of eighty-nine: Nature thus. Eichard Gibson died on July 23d. Ah. in one plate in Walpole's Anecdotes the engraver being A. as Evelyn them.. each being three feet ten inches high. To him the fairest nymphs do show Like moving mountains topp'd with snow And every man a Polypheme Does to his Galatea seem None may presume her faith to prove He proffers death that proffers love. the dwarf. aud the it issue of were nine children.. by Vandyke. I.. Walker. Creating for ourselves us two. an eminent painter in . Gibson's portrait. The height of the parent dwarfs was exactly equal. some of its " Mr. 1709.

The mother was of no mean altitude. Anne Sheppard. when he was between seven and and scarce a foot nine years of age. in his shouldered and chested. and patronised by the size. Gill. vantage. " his (John Hudson) was a very proper man. king. Thomas at-law. manage it). were of foil size. may hear of something to such claimant's adfeet ten inches Mr. broadWright also. except Jeffrey. and a half in height. without any deformity. Mrs. and all his children. John " kept and ordered the baiting-bulls for Hudson George Duke of Buckingham (a place you will say requiring a robustious body to Fuller. Red Lion-square. Gibson was only three high. Any person being by furnishing the Attorney- particulars of his or her pedigree in writing. was introduced at court. Fuller says. No. in Rutlandshire. though his son never arrived at a fall ell in stature. the famous dwarf. as Fiiller was informed by John Armstrong. London. bride. says the father was a person of lusty stature. Mr. his father to the where Jeffrey was presented by Duchess of Buckingham." History of RutlandsJiire. Gibson died about the year 1689." Jeffrey Hudson. Gibson about the year 1709." says This was at Burleigh-on-the-Hill. who honoured his marriage with his presence. was and gave away the bom in 1619 at father Oakham. who was nearly of the same He by whom he had nine children.277 the time of King Charles the First. his lineal or collateral descendant. . with evi- dence in proof thereof. wholly proportionable. to Mr. 6 Old North-street. and married Mrs.

dress'd Jeffrey in his skin. amusement. and eonvey'd him into the room. He was much teased of the royal palace. one of the females offer'd Rutterkin a bit Eutterkin can help himself when he is hungry.— 278 GIANTOLOGY AND DWAEFLANA. who kept him as her dwarf many an years afterwards. otherwise the poor woman might have suffer'd for it. and cheese upon the table. armed to for and accoutred. Soon and his after the marriage of Charles that king queen were entertained at Burleigh. and he had two that men to attend upon him. . and presented by the Duchess Henrietta Maria. on which occasion Jeffrey was served up to table in a cold pie. The ladies of the court were very fond of him. a witch after with her But the joke was soon foimd out. acquaintance with as a source of He is said to have scraped with the queen's monkey. a credible person. A story vited is told. by the courtiers and domestics and had many squabbles with the giant porter thereof. and a living and eyewitness. some arch wags stole her cat Eutterkin. talking eat A witch. into silk from one degree above rags tall and satin . of Cheshunt." I. " an old gossip having in- some tattle-baskets to a junketing bout.' said Jeffrey. he was an equal. not in stature but in condition. The women and clamour ! started up !' in the greatest conftision ' imaginable. flayed him. all and so nimbly made downstairs. whom. Instantly Jeffrey was heightened. crying out. set When ' the feast was near over.. during a progress through Eutlandshire.

into the like to Another for a day he had been blown to Thames but spreading shrub that saved him.GIANT AND DWAEF OF CHARLES I. and hee would not knowe his father. .P. according to his own statement. and there remained.* The king bestowed knighthood on Jeffrey frolic." This stone has been fixed there is above two hundred years." Over the entrance a court in Newgate-street. a stone bas-relief repre- senting Evans and Hudson. 279 " It was a strange contrast porter. and in the History of Signboards by Larwood and Hotten. and inscribed. particularly in that anti-masque at court porter lugged out of one pocket a long loaf. probably as a sign. in a Being so much favoured by royalty he seems birth. Sir Walter Scott. not knowing himself. fixed in the front of a is house. (probably the ter initials of the builder) The King's Por- and Dwarf. after which period he increased to three feet nine inches in stature. It engraved in Pennant's London.A. and Jeffrey instead of a shver of cheese out of the other. together. to have forgotten the humility of his "Hee was high in mind. in his Peveril of * Vide page 108. for which by the king's command he was soundly corrected. to see him and the where the little king's gigantic William Evans." Jeffrey. and therefore contemit porary with the individuals which is celebrates. " M. remained at the height of eighteen inches from the age of eight until the age of thirty years. Once as he was washing his face and hands he had have been drowned in his basin.

makes him play an important part in bringof that tale. in youth. : had nothing in his countenance. in particular. and not of Tydeus' kind. and age. and thus " He. although a dwarf of the least positively ugly ing about the denouement describes possible him size. now in it was but the uncom- mon disproportion betwixt the head and the trunk which made the features seem whimsical and bizarre —an wear effect which was considerably increased by the it dwarfs moustaches. His countenance had he been a little taller. and feet were indeed large. handsome. Not only did he lose the property of his mistress which he had ." in was employed some diplomatic missions of great importance. striking and expressive . would have been accounted. His head." back amongst " Degenerate youth. Whose Jeffrey little body lodged a mighty mind. and with from her many rich presents to mother Mary de Medicis. and and her majesty's dancing- midwife for Queen Henrietta Maria on his return with this lady master. to fetch a In 1630 he was sent to France . Piak.280 tlie GIAIJTOLOGY A^D DWAEFIANA. which and mingled with was his pleasure to so large that they almost twisted his grizzled hair. but in a degree which was rather ridicxilous than disagreeable to look upon. and his body itself much thicker than was consistent with sym- metry. he was the queen taken pri- soner at sea by some Dunkirk privateers. hands. and dis- proportioned to the height of his body. or actually distorted in his limbs.

her letter with a penned in short- . Brussels .. the scene being laid at Dunkirk. volume written in defence of it was published Year's Gift. and in which the writer supposes a Jeflfrey combat between and a turkey-cock. when boarded his examination by the Dutchmen. to deliver me . of which this dwarf was the subject. ' he there by chance Espy'd. ment of his freedom from off to state plots . now doth implore Thou. . and extremely rare Jeffrey. singular. his falling by the way and his danger from a turkey-cock. called Little Jeffrey). not capable of the slightest resistance . that deliver'd hast so many. The cruell foe assaults him with A lady-midwife now. found him hid under a candlestick the establishhis being sent . " For JefE'ry strait was throwne whilst faint and weake.: DWAEF EIDICULED. vessel in The poem describes the sailed as which Jeflrey an old and small one. be " So kinde of nature. which and the timely intervention of the midwife. who .500Z. the ensued . printed in 1638. : 1' A very in 1636. Apropos of this first event. that came along with him from France A heart nurs'd up in war that ne'er before Tliis time (quoth he) could bow. to the was entitled "The New presented at court from the Lady Parvula Lord Minimus (commonly Majesty's servant. which had been given to him in France by the eom't there. and entitled Jeffreidos. but also effects of his own about 2. who determined to swalbattle low him hke a grain of wheat. Sir William Davenant wrote a poem. 281 to the value of in charge. who rescued him from peril . his beake. diminutive.

was a copy and under a scarce portrait of the lines dwarf inserted therein were these " Gaze on with wonder. He was. in th' abstract so you are. Though printed The pocket volume hath as much within 't As the broad folio in a larger print. 282 GIANTOLOGT AOT) DWAEFIANA. and he then returned to England. so's your mind To greatness virtue's not like strength oonfin'd. Written by Microphilus. Though low you seem. sold by in February.: : . After the commencement of the civil wars he became a captain of horse in the royal army. me Heath Jefirey thus addressed " Small sir methinkes in your lesser Exprest the lesser world's epitome. engraved by Martin Droeshout. And is more useful too. Evans of Pall MaU. ! selfe I see Tou may write man. and in 1644 he accompanied the queen to France." in his Clarastella. A correspondent to Hone's says. of this book . 1824. Year -Book for 1834. how- redeemed . He ascribed his increase in stature to the severity that he experienced while in captivity. 1658. is hand. and having been conveyed sold as a slave. Yet you're both great and high in men's esteem Tour soul's as large as others. and disoeme in The abstract of the world's epitome. pirate. Here . in a smaller character. that among the books of Mr. wherein proved that little things are better than great." Prefixed is a small whole-length portrait of Jeffrey. in was there to which condition he was exposed many ever. Nassau." : Jeffrey was taken prisoner by a Turkish into Barbary. hardships and much labour. brother to Lord Rochford.

DWARF riGHTS A DUEL. to put them more on a Jeffiey with the first fire shot his antagonist dead. and the appointment level. as a papist on suspicions respecting the Popish and he was confined in the Gate-house. and being offended he challenged him Jeffi'ey to fight a duel. in his Anecdotes of Painting. He ultimately returned to Eng- and lived for some time in his native country on several small pensions allowed him by the Duke of Buckingham and other persons of rank. Mytens drew the same . and afterwards he was expelled the court. where he was arrested plot. shortly after his release pi-ison. in the sixty-third year of his age. says: "At St. and for the offence Jeffrey was first imprisoned. holding a dog by a string. brother to Lord Crofts. for some time. dezvous armed only with a This so enraged Jeffi'ey that a real duel ensued. he engaged in a dispute with Mr. Westminster. was a person who was ready and his wife in to follow the advice of the citizen Fletcher's Knight of the Burning Pestle. This happened about 1653. in a landscape. dwarf. said : " Marry. being on horseback. He after- wards removed to London. but deeming little man beneath his anger. under the of Daniel Mytens. 283 Crofts. who. from He died in 1682. he came to the rensquirt. land. Snyder or Eubens. James's is the Jeffrey Hudson." Mr. when forth they were asked what the principal person of the drama should and the kill do. coloured wai-mly like and freely. let him come a giant. Crofts accepted the challenge. life Walpole.

replied. the apartments in his hunting-palace at Newmarket were too low. is In Caulfield's Remarkable Persons ing of Jeffrey. which was in the possession of the late Earl of Dunmore . I. by D. are preserved in the Ashmolean Museum Sir Christopher at Oxford. " Sir. told him that he thought . In 1810 James portrait Sparrow in a view of Theobalds. Gr. Harding. At Petworth was Maria Jeffrey's whole-length portrait with Henrietta by Vandyke. waistcoat of blue slashed and ornamented and stock- with pinked white and his breeches ings in one piece of blue satin. in Biographical Mirror. sion of Another portrait was in the possesan engrav- Lord Milton. . Mytens. Jeffrey with a dog. but the single figure is much better painted. with a landscape is backgrotmd. who was born in 1632. print of Reading engraved in facto by Martin Droeshout. Palace. simile the original Stow engraved Mytens's whole-length B. satin. the architect. looking up. the size being eighty- four inches by fifty-seven inches. in a red dress. has copied a full-length portrait of Jeffrey from a painting by Mytens. Wren. his P. In 1800 he was depicted by S. now at Hampton Court is This picture is dated 1650. and died in 1723. silk.284 GIA2^T0L0GT AND DWAEFIANA. which we have before referred. figure in a very large picture of Charles and his queen. and on canvas. was probably below the common size as when Charles II. in Jeffrey's the eoUection of Sir Ralph Woodford." A fiill-length portrait of Jeffrey.

another was and part of Prior says: his bow hung up in the chancel." The king. at his birth was of such an extremely diminutive of so perishable a frame. dated in 1652. at his feet. to who was born in 1642. "Ay. bring some medicine to strengthen him. Conduit that he had often heard his mother say. and creeping about posture." Sir Isaac Newton. that Sir Isaac told Mr. is well as Little John. is said have Been a posthumous child. SIR I." An ancient and very rare foreign engraving in the possession of the author represents the full-length figure of a dwarf standing on a checkered floor. exclaimed. that when he was born into a he was so quart mug. dead. in the Peak of Derbyshire. little that he might have been put Ashmole has left a memorandum. As " All must obey the general doom. lies buried in Fethersedge churchyard. I think they are high enough. that two sent to and seemed women who were to Lady Pakenham's. Sir Christopher. his father dying at the age ofninety-six years. WEEN. Grim Pluto By force As or craft. The infant size. NEWTON. him alive at North Witham. that the famous Little John. He . A stone was at his head. Robin Hood's companion. stooping in a whimsical Wren's height. did not expect to find on their return. will not be withstood Down from Alcldes to Tom Thumb.SIR C. Tall Robin Hood. 285 I to iMak they are high enough. Brewster states.

he was very well shaped and pro- portioned. and other imaginary characters. says that giants and dwarfs. were the among ordinary domestic recreations of the people during the winter. "joli de figure. 1665. stockings. of dwarfing men was by anointing their back-- bones in their very infancy with the grease of moles. complains that domestic servants so frightened children with stories of dwarfes. in his Anatomy of Melancholy. and his height two feet four inches . and that he " est habitant des frontieres des Sauvages. He wears a short braided tunic. A work entitled Miscellanea sica." and his white beard was more than a but foot long. pubKshed in the seventeenth century. Curiosa. baggy breeches. meaning probably artificial ones. is has a large head. in his Discovert/ of Witchcraft. .286 GIAITTOLOGT XSD DWAEFIANA. us that a way bats." his age was about one hundred and ten years. a wide open fore- head. and buckled shoes. tells Phy- published at Leipzig in 1670. gyants. Burton. and dormice. and he has the appearance of a superscription in man in thought. which bald. we conjecture that was issued about the middle of the seventeenth century. that they were afraid of their own shadows. Eeginald Scot. and a long beard. his A French tells us that name was Gomme Lapon. a small moustache. it This engraving is undated. Medica. His hands are clasped in front of him.

CHAPTER XII. — Writings—wonderful Feats— Wives Matthew BucMnger — his Elegy and Epitaph — Oxfordshire Dwarf — Wonder of Nature— Short Jannettie and Tall Jacob — Hannah Warton John Wormbergh — Medals for Dwarfs — Changeling Child Dwarf at Bartholomew Fair — Anne Rouse — Scotch Dwarf German Dwarf— Hannah Wood— Fairy Women — Dwarf who never chewed Bread— Salisbury Dwarf— Persian Dwarf— strong Feats — Dwarf Man, Woman, and Horse— Letter to the Spectator— Black Prince— Peter the Great and Dwarfs— The Short Club and the Tall Club — Owen Farrel— John Coan Verses repeated by him to Royal Family — Danish Dwarf Plymouth Dwarf— Epigram on a Dwarf— Dwarf Greenlander — Dwarf Family at Nuremberg — Dwarf from France— Feats—Dutch Dwarf—John Grimes — Court Dwarf—^William Butler—Dwarf's posture while sleeping.
^his ^his


In 1674 was bom,


Anspack, Matthew Buchin;

ger, a dwarf, without hands, feet, legs, or thighs


he was


more than

the trunk of a


except that he had what Caulfield describes as "two
excrescences growing from the shoulder-blades, more



of a fish than arms of a

man ;"










perform many curious and active
twenty-nine inches in height.


He was

Early in the eight-

eenth century he came to England, where he exhibited himself publicly, and



was patronised by George by Eobert Harley Earl of Oxto this country.


seems that he appeared in pubUc at Nurem-

burg before he came



in his col-



J. Fillinham, in 1862,

lection a coarse

half-sheet of foreign etching, re-

presenting Buchinger whole -length, standing on a

cushion in a laced military dress and hat, in a large

apartment, by a table, with a musket and writingmaterials.

Beneath, in his



was the

following inscription

"A.B.C. Ich Matthias C.B. A.

Buchinger, habe Diessers ohne hande und fuss gedruct


1709, Nierberg."
Curiosities is

In Smith's Historical and Literary
a fac
- simile

of the caligraphic exhibition


Buchinger, sent by him to the Earl of Oxford in
1717, and


in the British

preserved among the Harleian Mss, Museum. At the top is a coat of arms.



runs as follows







be seen at the Globe, and





{sic), in Fleet-street,

a G-erman,

born withoht




or thighs (that never


in this




does such mira-

culous actions as none else can do with hands and


has had the honour to perform before most

kings and princes, particularly several times before

King George.
will write

He makes

a pen, and

vsrites several

hands as quick and as weU as any writing-master,
with any for a wager ; he draws faces
pictures, flowers, &c.,

to the Kfe,

and coats of armes,
shuffles a

with a pen, very curiously.


threads a fine needle

very quick very


pack of cards, and deals them


plays upon the dulcimer as well as

any musician

he does many surprizing things with

cups and


and gives the curious great
skittles several

tion thereby

he plays at

ways very
and many



shaves himself very dexterously

other things, too tedious to insert.



by Matthew Buchinger
out hands and feet at

London, 171f born withAnspack, 1674, the 3 Jan^."

In November, 1723, he issued the following advertisement



noblemen, gentlemen,




lately arrived in this great city a

most surprizing
sities to


who performs

the nicest cui'io-

the greatest wonder and astonishment of aU


and though but twenty-nine inches high,
benefits of nature,

and wanting the useful


neither hands, feet, or thighs, yet he exceeds aU per-


enjoy those happy advantages, in their se:

veral faculties, viz.

he plays on various
flute in



musick, as the hautboy, and strange


with the bagpipe, dulcimer, and trumpet, which

esteemed the greatest curiosity by the most ingenious
musicians of the age.

With no

less dexterity

does he




pens, and writes several hands so very

curiously, that the most ingenious writing-masters

can scarcely paraJlize him




draws pictures


to the life,

and coats of arms with the greatest

exactness, both these he performs with his pen.
sides all this,


he threads a needle with the greatest
dexterity, plays at skittles or

expedition, performs several conveyances in legerde-

main with admirable

ninepins to a great nicety, and performs



curious diversions to the general satisfaction of


Sucli wonderful performances have gained


the honour of performing before three emperors,

and most of the kings and princes in Europe, and in particular several times before his Majesty King




daily at


in his room,

where those that come

to see his performances


him mating a curious piece of machinery to play upon the violin and german flute. He performs every day, next door to the Two Blackamoors' Heads in
Holbourn, near Southampton-street, exactly at the
hours of 10, 12, 2, 4,
tually observed, that



which wiU be punctime."

no person

may lose any

A scarce

print gives a portrait of Buchinger on

a half-sheet, in a richly-ornamented oval frame.
the curls of his
ters, the


wig are written,

in very



cxxi., cxxvii., cxxviii., cxxx., cxlvi.,


portrait are the following lines
29th, 1724.

and cL, and the Lord's Prayer. Below the " London, April the





of Mr. Matthew

Buchinger, being drawn and written by himself.


the wonderful



of but twenty-nine inches

high, born without hands, feet, or thighs,

June the

2nd, 1674, in Germany, in the Marquisate of Bran-

denburgh, near




being the


of nine children, by one father and mother,
sons and one daughter.

viz. eight

The same




been married four times, and has had issue eleven

one by his
his third,


wife, three


second, six


and one by

his present wife.




performs such wonders as have never

been done by any but himself.
sorts of



plays on various


to admiration, as tbe hautboy, strange


consort with the bagpipe,


and on


and designs


make machines

to play

all sorts

of music.





eminent for

writing, drawing of coats of arms, and pictures to the

with a pen.


also plays at cards



performs tricks with cups and

corn and live

and plays

at skittles

or ninepins to a great

nicety, with several other performances, to the general satisfaction of



very fine impression of

plate before the



inserted, or the wi'iting in the


finished, the latter concluding with the third verse

of Psalm cxlvi., was in the collection of Mr. Fillinham, and was probably unique. A small coarse etching of the figure only, copied from this engraving and

washed with


was executed by

J. Gleadah.


copy in a square, and a smaller one by Q.
Wonderful Museum.

Scot, have been published; the latter appearing in

1804, in Kirby's

Mr. FiUin-



had Buchinger's

portrait in red chalk
to the



which was ascribed

Caulfield, writing in 1819, says

dwarf " The


Herbert, of Cheshunt, in Hertfordshire, editor of

Ames's History of Printing, had many curious specimens of Buchinger's writing and drawing, the most
extraordinary of which was his


portrait exqui-

done on vellum, in which he most ingeniously contrived to insert in the flowing curls of the wig the



27th, 121st, 128th, 140th, 149th,

and 150th Psalms,

together with the Lord's Prayer, most beautifully


fairly written.

Mr. Isaac Herbert, son of the forbe engraved,

mer, while carrying on the business of a bookseller
in Pall Mali, caused this portrait to

which he paid Mr. Harding



Mr. Fillinham's collection was

a beautiful specimen

of Buchinger's ealigraphy on vellum, being the Lord's

Prayer, the Ten Commandments, Creed, and other
things, in very miimte writing,
tural design.

wthin an


A rare half-sheet of foreign engraving,
laced dress and hat, surrounded

by Lorenz

Beger, represents Buchinger whole-length, in a rich

by thirteen compart-

ments, in which are represented his various performances, with inscriptions in

German beneath them.

Another cut represents him whole-length,
pedestal with a cushion or hat, and a

on a

drum and

stand in the background, in an ornamental oval cartouche.



a copy by E. Grave, and


in Caulfield's Remarkable Persons, 1819.

In a weU-executed broadside by Elias Beck,


dwarf appears in the and cocked

centre, in a richly-laced coat

hat, surrounded

feats, as follows

— —A writeing— Makes a Pen—Plays on y® Hautboy— Threds a Nedle — Plays Cards — Cups Balls — Plays on y^ Dulcimore — Charges a Gun and —Blows y^ Trumpet—Live Birds from under y® Cups —Plays At the bottom given a
ing at Dyce
at Skittles."

by representations of his " Draws pictures w*'' a pen Play-





of Buchinger's writing, equalling the finest en:

graving, to the following effect
the 5th, 1728.

" Edinburgh,


This was written by Matthew Buchfeet,

born without hands or


June the



seems that he travelled

through Scotland to exhibit himself, and he executed an ingenious piece of penmanship for the magistrates or the corporation of

as follows

A handbill now before us runs
is to

" This
to this

give notice, to


gentlemen, ladies, and others,

that the famous
city of

Mathew Buchinger,


London, and


be seen at the corner house

of Great Suffolk-street, near Charing Cross.


man, who


but twenty-nine inches
or thighs, performs



without hands,


such wonders, the

never done by any but him-

plays on the hautboy, and has improved
flute in consort

himself in playing on the strange


the bagpipe, dulcimer, and trumpet.


is also fa-

mous at writing, drawing of coats of arms and pictures,
to the

with a pen.


also plays at cards


and performs

tricks with cups


balls, after

more extraordinary and surprising manner than ever yet shewn; and his playing at skittles is most adAll these being done without hands, makes mirable.

that see

him say he


the only artist in the world.

His performing such wonders has gained him the honour of shewing before three successive Empei'ors
of Germany, and most of the kings and princes in

Europe, in particular several times before his




King George,

fie likewise dances a horn-

pipe in a highland dress, as well as any man, without


a dance performed

by a highland man.

The foreseat one

shilling, the backseat sixpence.

to be seen exactly at five o'clock the

shew, and

the second at seven.

N.B. Gentlemen and


have a private show any hour of the day,




king herein referred to was




died in 1727.


Paris, in his

Drawings of





scripts in the

preserved among the Sloane manuBritish Museum, gives a small water-

colour one of Buchinger, whole-length, in a cockedhat,





Paris .has written

underneath that he saw
of June in the same year.

dwarf on March 10th,

1731, in London, where also he was at the beginning


the Harleian Mss. are the following spe-

cimens of Buchinger's handwriting, besides the ex-

—" This 2d, 1732

named above:

A paper

dated February


by Matthew Buchin-


born without hands or feet, 1674, in Germany." Another " Publius Lentulus' Letter to the Senate


concerning our Blessed Lord and Saviour,"

with an ornamental /border surmounted by a portrait
of Christ,

drawn with a pen and ink

in lines



Underneath, in decorated old English,


" This was drawn and written by Matthew Buchinger, born without hands or feet in Germany, June 3rd,
Another, being a very beautiftd ornamental



addressed to the Earl of Oxford, concerning a

fail-mount executed by BueMnger, which had occu-

pied him fifteen months in drawing.




Chelmsford, April 14th, 1733, runs as follows





hope your goodness will excus

my not writing
me from

sooner to your Lordship

I was pre-

vented by an ague and feavour, which have hinderd

doing any thinge for a long time.

I have

finish'd a curious fan, of

my own

drawing, which I

had not an opportunity
your Lord' with
another piece


lately, I

have send



my wife, of my work

and there not being such
and I dispair of ever perfeiffteen

forming the Kke again, I was
ing of

months a drawfor



your Lord^ have a fanee

as for

the price I leave
please to favour


your Lord^,
with a


your Lord^


line, I shal

as the

greatest honom*, that can be confer'd on,



your Lordships obedient


most humble


regnihcuB wehtaM [written backwards].
ford, April

Chelmsgo from

the 14, 1733.



Lord, I make

bold to


your Lord^ know, that we


to Colchester.

To the Right Honourable The

Eaerl of Oxford, London."

In the Gentleman's Magazine for 1791
the words

a cop-

perplate fac-simile engraving of Buchinger's handwriting, as follows

we have italicised hav-

ing been written backwards, rather a favourite peculiarity in his caligraphy

the 20 C. B. A. 1734,

" Ludlow A. B. C. Octob This was written by Matthew

Buchinger hovn without Hands or feet 167i


but anger was so much . his wife. daughter of Mathias Tyse. some details of his married life : "To the right honourable and honourable the Commissioners for the poor Palatines. One of Buchinger's wives was jn the habit of treating him very badly. a Palatine.. presented to the Palatine Commissioners by Buchinger and one of his wives. without hands. to maintain them.296 GIANTOLOGT AND DWAEFLUSTA. John Jost Tyse and Mary Tyse. at Cory. or thighs that he is married to Anna Elizabeth Tyse. under and allowed as a family. and the day of four the month. whose widow. are now Able Kam. The humble petition of Mathew Buchinger. knocked her down. This specimen of Buchinger's handwriting has been also copied on wood. and severely buffetted her with his stumps nor would he allow her to rise until she had promised him amendment in the future. and Anna Elizabeth Tyse. humbly sheweth. Margaret Tyse. legs. which conduct he bore very patiently for a long time at length his . frequently beating and otherwise ill-using him. that your Mathew Buchinger. That your petitioner hath taken two of the children. It will be observed that in some of the above- given copies of this dwarf's writings he makes several different statements as to the month. viz. and some of her children. of his birth. settled Palatine. a deceased. a German. The following gives us petition.. . petitioner. was born in Germany. kindled that he turned upon her. Esq. That your petitioner hath taken two of the .

the king's bounty. Buchinger. and Anna Eliz. is able to But since the parliament sat. But your petitioner's expences who must employments. he knows not how those two for . and consumes much the greater part of the profit so that now your petitioner support the entertainment with musick and other . 297 children to maintain ihem. his wonderful arts so. your petitioner. and to receive as other Palatines that marry. Your petitioners humbly pray. since he has marbe used as ried one of Mathias Ty^se daughters. : A lifeless who wa8 a Uvvng One . will be provided but his wife being wUling to return to the County rest of the family Wexford. may other Palatines are. so that. eats out. most of the kingis dom has visited your petitioner. That your petitioner has six children by his former wives. contains the following : punning elegy and epitaph on Buchinger " Poor Buckmger Irwnk. Mathew Buch- inger. wastes. An undated book. pubhshed at Dublin.. who no longer a novelty to them. charges in travelling and keeping servants. where her mother and the live. and his present wife. last. which he must provide for. while your petitioner. to settle under that Col. having shewed through aU the and great kingdom. despairs of getting any more. by do and Grod's assistance. or Tyse. PETITION FROM A DWARF. and two by this please . Ram." entitled Drapier's Miscellany. if it should God to take him away. while she resides in this kingdom and your petitioners will ever pray. and be allowed to be a family. at last is dead and gone.

his his His l^mr mas in Horse no Galls did feel. If he wrote any. that he made a Hand of any Mq/n. So blameless. Tho' he rw Finger had. : If Spitting in his Hand was who holding fast. They did not hit it. No wonder in Life's Warfare he shou'd or Feet to Who wanted Hands to fight. He visited most Places in the Land And rode. 298 GIAKTOLOGY AND DWAEFIANA. He never made one false Step all his Life. . of his Pen. altho' he I'll He A Majst. A Clog he oou'd not call her at his Heels .Glove. Pious he was. but never kept a Bridie-Hand : . Wisely took care to maim him in the Womb. Make Trees not die. Some said he was a Kake. Collects itself and double-mans the Mind. Except in marrying his second Wife And tho' they went together in pure Love. How cou'd he strol'd about never stvrr^d a Foot f and He. nor were Sand-and. strole. fly. at Cards and Dice And tho' he won at Play. yet no one can Say. And that he us'd to pray his Widow knows. . evfry Mch of Iwrn. and then the Soul confin'd. but was most nice. 'twas no Rwmiing-Hand. As often as he Finger had and Toes. ev'ry Mortal ory'd. rail. But sure he might have quitted her in haste. prove it. die. was. had very great Command. as holiest Devotees. but when he dy'd. to have an Ear. 'tis thought best To clip their Wings and Talons in their Nest. Or any Man Blaoh nas his Nail. Altho' he suffer'd from her many Els. No huge troo-handed Man. For lop their Limis. Teunk. Tho'. For sure he always was upon Ms Knees. wherein all Virtues I shou'd ha' call'd him a rich met ? Cabinet. He practis'd Musick too. and did appear. So when we take young Eagles. not in his Heel. had not e'er a Limb. He play'd all Games with Skill. did I say.' So Succers prun'd. Head. And when he rode. or Fibres from the Boot. 'Twas a Good Body. mithout Slight of Hand. Nature to form so great a Life to come. 'hui fiowrish in their Fruit. he defy'd the World to to say..

gave one of them a Kick or Cuff. He could not keep them at Arm's length. but never scrap' d a Sous. No Man oou'd ever in his Footsteps tread. And wealthy grew. Yet never thumVd a Book in all his Days And that which very much his Sense commends. . Some envious Men thought him dishonest. No Man oou'd say he liv'd from Hand to Month. Nor was close-fisted more than you or I. he'd make y' a Leg. never clam'd. . but kept the House. Inimitable both alive and dead. I'm told. The Papists wo'nt believe his Pardon seal'd. ELEGY ON A DWAEF. He No Man cou'd get the Measure of his Foot. He was For he a Mauager 299 we may believe. Any Man's Shoe mould Jit him as his onm. And yet. Compliance with aU Humours he has shewn.Grease.. . Hia Learning was not at his Fingers ends. rough. He ne^er picKd Men's Pockets. Or if he had. He cou'd not do a Hand's Twrn with his Ease. yet apt t' applaud Spoke civilly to all Men. . He was no Flatterer. I always with my Flbow scratch my Eye. for Fear of Debt. for altho' provok'd a deal. His Money never thro' his Fingers slipt. he wou'd be Friends. I speak it to his Praise. he might defy the Stocks. No Confidence in cunning Men he put ne'er . He ne'er oppos'd a Man with Tooth and Nail. Because he liv'd and dy'd too XTnaneaVd. And tho' hia Bread was but of daily Growth. he'd cry. or being dipt. He wou'd be reconcil'd with small amends And tho' lie sJwoh not Sands. Nor had his HoMd wpon his Ha'penny And yet. up to the highest Peg If you wou'd kiss his Hands. Nor to his Wife. But what he did was all with Elbow. or their iocJs/ . or other Servants. ne'er thriist his Arm ieyond his Sleeve. He was no Kambler he. Studious he was. And yet some Men did with him grow so hold. As my old G-rannam bid me do. but He was not light of Finger or of Foot. Courteous to all. not to reflect upon his Dust. He knew nx>t where his own Shoe pincKd him most. Not spightf ul .

that he lov'd his Gut." And Plot. 'Twas safe to trust him. nor any other But was a peaceful. hit his Nails. In short. upon his JSewrt: And was so little mov'd with Lies or Tales. His Legs ne'er out Indentures as he went. ad wnguemfactus homo was. He only mith his Teeth cou'd dig his Qraxe. But never laM his Hcmd.. tipp'd him (like his Nine-pin") over. so many drew. in his Oxfordshire. some little Failings well might pass. Nor cou'd He never. The Epitaph. Death took no Grip Of him. and void of Craft and Art. and a married woman. /«»• Vexation. us'd to think. Hbkb sleeps amongst good Christians dead. Some. harmless Brother : He neither injur'd lAfe nor Limb. for reason gave. love him. Why then shou'd Death lay Sands on him ? But I mistake. refers to " one Philippa French. That being on Ms last Legs was his Case. Some Men. having all her parts proportionable. for he never sherd' A pm/r of Seels for what he justly ow'd it well he said with any Face. 1676. But at a Distance shot a Rover. Give him but this. he cou'd not stand on's Legs. Sincere he was. . and then he'll have Arms and Supporters to his Grave. yet some Can prove he ne'er d/ranh Supernaculum: And tho' in Liquor he some Money spent. One who vi'lent Sands ne'er laid Upon himself. A : 300 GIANTOLOGT AND DWAEFIANA. he'd drink But tho' he nevsr paVm'd Ms Glass. who did not till That. when alive. Who. who at six or seven and thirty years of age. Since he. One poor Escutcheon is his Due. nor up his Seels did trip. . born at Milcomb in this county.

above twenty years of age she was born in Bowden parish in Cheshire.SHOET JAilNETIE. but was carried in the arms as a child. onely the head. and discourses." and also bears a manuscx-ipt memorandum. contains the teeth additional information that she had " shed the seven several times. and he . Croomes. probably about 1685. a necklace. hair . (Leeds) who says " In June. born in Cheshire. viz. having no use of her legs. We possess a mezzotinto lished at pub- Amsterdam. yet she hath all her senses to admiration. now preserved in the British Museum. having never a perfect bone in any part of her. yet did want half an inch of a yard in height. is to neer the Hospital gate in West Smithfield. though Thoresby." Probably girl is identical with : the one mentioned by 1 saw one here high. 301 and of good symmetry. who was but about two foot . stand- ing beside each other. and carries a fan latter in her left hand. and hear !" very pleasant to A similar handbiU of the same prodigy. which The former has short curled represents a female dwarf and a male giant. and not much above eighteen inches long." In 1677 was issued the following handbill " At : Mr. a Girl above teen years of age. seen the at the signe of the Shooe and Slap. 4. " this I saw it Sep. 1683. whistles. and an elaborately figured gown with short sleeves. The has a small moustache. sings." engraving by Grole. be fif- Wonder of Nature. wears earrings. his and long hair curling over shoulders. 1677. reads all very well.

a least stature that has been seen in the man of the memory of . near Tergou. my bowels and stomach are both large and wide Thus if my victuals and wine (together) disagree. which tell we is freely translate. Yet inside. II. and eight feet in height. gartered stockings. Han- nah Warton. and play with the is castanets excellently well. extraordinarily large and strong of limb. who two shaped.. married to a tall fellow. These all are to give notice. choose the smallest of is all evils. : A wise fellow. and rather " This is She was forty-six years of feet in height." The giant Tall Jacob of Sneek. in persons of quality. am Jacob. appeared •" J^ [royal arms] R. There a drawing of her by James Paris among the Sloane manuscripts. at twenty years of age was only feet five inches high. and very straight and well- She could sing. a pest in the house And if (Or rather you want to play the fool if you must). and high shoes Underneath are Dutch verses in two with buckles. and they are killed in the strife. and others. that there is lately come to this famous city of London. more than three short Jannetjen. who was " I forty years of age. a vest of the same pattern. In the reign of James a handbill as follows : 1685-1689. a figured dressing-gown on the floor. dance. who remembers this golden proverb A woman is an evil. baggy breeches. in Friesland. ." In 1685 was born at Leeds. viz. compartments.. a plumed turban. the rarity of the world. 302 wears trailing GIANTOLOGY AND DWAEFIANA. and which us that the lady Short Jannetie of Wad- digsveen. I remain the conqueror. age.

the day. over against the in Stock Market. being but two foot and seven inches in height. he sings well. If any person or persons of quality have a desire to see him at their houses or lodgings.: . This person is to be Plume of Feathers. not infrequent at this period." . and great astonishment of holders. In 1688 was engraved and published by Isaac Oliver. The individual bergh. and since Grreat Britain. 303 any. He has been seen by the King and nobility at "Whitehall. of seven-and-thirty years of age : he has a very long beard . aged thirty-eight years to . last mentioned was John Worm- who was born at Harlshousen. having some timely no- tice given to him. by religion a Protestant his height not exceeding two feet seven inches. when exhibited marvels were taken for inspection to the private residences of the wealthy. in Switzerland. being the strangest pro- digy in nature. He speaks good high Dutch. all be- He is at present to be seen in Fleet-street. by birth a Switzer. " The portraiture of John Wormbergh. He was born in Switzerland." This last paragraph displays a noteworthy phase of the history of shows. he is willing to wait upon them. on Ludgate-hill. that aU that sees seen at the him admires him. King of chiefest of the nobility the like not hitherto seen. He is so very well proportion {sic) to his bigness. every hour of ^King on Horseback. JOHN "WOEMBBEGH. whose generosity alone was relied upon for the honorarium. who had and the honour to be exposed to the view of most princes in Eiu'ope.

by accident. and fell he and the porter His name into the river. was as big as strong in his legs and arms as any full-grown man. with eight Dutch and four English verses. In the same year appeared another engraving of the same person.represented in a with James Hanson. Drapentier. While being carried in his box over a plank from a quay to a ship.. gives a coloured sketch of this dwarf. although so dwarfish in stature. 304 gia:ntologt and viwarfia^a. by J. whom he saw in London in At and the time of Wormbergh' s exhibition in that city he. the Sloane manuscripts. Schenk. the plate who was eight feet high. in Drawings of Human Prodigies. published in 1697. where he writes of "the little manikin lately carried about in a box. and William III. He probably was the same person as the one referred to by Evelyn in his Numismata. In the reign of Mary II. coffin Wormbergh therein. now among 1689. the plank broke." In this upon coins Evelyn gravely argues that such curiosities as remarkable giants and dwarfs ought to be celebrated by having medals struck in their honour. About portrait same period a whole-length mezzotinto P. (1689- . In 1689 a mezzotinto engraving of Wormbergh was executed by J. discourse and to perpetuate their memories. being enclosed as in a is was drowned sometimes given as Woremberg. Gole and in the same year he was . Wor- renburg. and Worrenberg. of Hans Wormbergh was done by his James Paris. at Rotterdam. He was drowned in 1695.

not exceeding a foot and a half high. thighs. old. The legs. To be seen the next door to the Black Eaven in "West Smithfield. and X . It setting against the sun. being a living skeleton. in the Turk's country. but changed in the nursing. " To all There be seen at Mr. and the face legs. thighs.CHANGELING CHILDEEN. a fairy supposed to be born of Hungarian parents. child. at the Meremaid. near the King's Bench. in the Archipelago. being a living skeleton. You may it see the whole anatomy of its body by never speaks. devouring the stoutest more victuals than et man in England. but is the most voracious and hungry creature in the world. no bigger than the palm of one's hand and seems so grave and sohd. taken by a Venetian galley from a This is Turkish vessel in the Archipelago. aged nine years and more . to be This is a Fairy Child. a Changling Girl. It has no teeth. that they scarce exceed the bigness of a man's thumb. one foot and a half high." The same ing handbill is to : curiosity was advertised gentlemen and in the followladies. but changed in the nursing. The and arms so very small. that they scarce exceed the bigness of a man's thumb. taken by a Venetian galley. Yivant Eex Regina. 1695) the frequenters 305 of Bartholomew Fair were offered the sight of " A Changliiag Child. in Southwark. during the time of the Fair. supposed born of Hungarian parents. during the time of the fair. as if it were three score years . and arms so very small. Hocknes. aged about nine years.

during the time of Bartholomew Fair. and gives great satisall faction to that ever saw her. or any other inconveniency in Vivat Rex. By to his majesty's permission. and had issue by his is two sons (one of which with him now). and Vivant seems so years old. who age of twenty. He . Note. E. which now among Museum. He was wife. near the Market House. all Scotchman. who discourses excellently well." viewing this mistery of nature. For the satisfaction curious inquirers into the secrets of nature. marry'd several years. the Sloane manuscripts in the British About 1698." Li the reign of William HI. very and very straight. 1690. there is neither loss of time. is to be seen a woman dwarf. Eex & Eegina. but three foot and one inch high. (1689-1702) appeared the following handbill : " W. born in Somersetshire. "a Little there was newly come to the lower end' of Brookfield Market. the face no bigger than the palm of one's hand . two foot and and is near upon 60 years of age. James Paris drew her whole-length is portrait. 24th. as if it were three score She is likewise a mere anatomy. Next door of all the King's Head. seven years was but two feet two inches high well shaped and proportioned. was born near Norwich at the a dwarf. in Smithfield. which has been admired by that have yet seen him. he being but six inches high . grave and solid. and in the fortieth year of her age. On June Anne Rouse.306 GIAOTOLOGT AND DWAEFIANA.

This microscopic pedagogue also exhibited at the King's Head. being but 2 foot 8 inches in height." Another handbill of the same . and most of the she is nobility of the land. from eight in the morning at night. as any woman in well. a Little German Woman. speaks of a dwarf A little who was only forty inches high. over against the Eagle and Child. German woman. and gives great satisfaction to all spectators this and if need requires. and of and discom-ses histories. if desir'd. school. over against the Eagle and Child in Stocks' Market. and was " carried in a gentleman's house. the scriptures. the Dwarf of the and the World. she sings and dances incomparable she has had the honour to be shown before kings and princes. as far as they have yet travelled. and see him marry'd. to carried in a little box any gentleman's house." where the Mansion House now stands." July. in Smithfield. and has had the honour to be shewn before several persons of note at their houses. was " at the brandy shop. 1700. as follows : httle to any if desir'd. England.. the mother of two children. DWARF OF THE WORLD." were his schollars. many eminent very wisely . there are several persons in that they town that wiU justifie. the " Dwarf of in the World. He of formerly kept a writing. Fabrieius." Her is handbill runs "At the Brandy Shop. to be seen till any nine hour of the day. sings and dances -with his 307 son. She was box only two feet eight inches in height. in Stocks' Market. straight as mother of 2 children. in the seventeenth century.



person and period, states that she was forty-nine
years of age.

Ralph Thoresby, in
Vicar-lane, in Leeds,


Ducatus Leodiensis, 1714,

mentions a dwarf named

Hannah Wood,

of the


died in 1700, at the age

of fifty-five years, and the height of one yard less an




" There


Boothman now

living in the



of like stature

but not so

remarkable, because somewhat crooked
other was proportionable in
all parts,

whereas the

save that her

head was rather too great, as

usual in like circum-

In September, the same year, Mrs.
shew'd in


Ann Adams was publickly
was not
full three foot

town; she

high, though forty-five years

of age; was said to have had a child, being mar-

The same age
in Bridges-street,


had the opportunity of seeing

Coven t-garden, over against the
Living Fairy, suppos'd to be a
years old, his face being no bigger

Rose tavern,


hundred and

than a child's of a month; was found sixty years

look'd as old then as he does now.

His head

being a great piece of curiosity, having no skuU,

with several imperfections worthy your observation."

Li Queen Anne's time (1702-1714) another
ing handbill


but of the other sex, was announced in the follow:



her Majesty's authority.



Hart's Horn's Inn, in Pye-corner, during the time of Bartholomew Fair, will be seen these


following, viz.




Farey Woman,




come from



but two foot two


shortest that ever

was seen


England, and no ways deform'd, as the other two




are carried about the

streets in

boxes from house to house, for some years past, this

being thirteen inches shorter than either of them.
If any person has a desire to see her at their houses,



are ready to wait

upon them any hour

of the day."

On November

4th, 1709,

was buried



Durham, Ann,

the daughter of


who was

at the time of her death eighteen

years of age, and of a stature not above that of a
child three years old

the thickest part of her arms
size of

and legs did not exceed the

a man's thumb

and she had never chewed bread.

was born

Bromley mentions an engraving of a dwarf who at Salisbury in 1709, and was two feet
This print, which

eight inches high.
represents a



diminutive lady standing near a

show, on the cloth of which she



wears a close cap, figured gown, and large apron,

and in her right hand she

carries a rose.

The enwonderftil

subscribed as follows

" The

and surprising English dwarf, two foot eight inches Born at Salisbury iu 1709. Has been shewn high. to the Royal Family and most of the nobility and
o-entry of

Great Britain."

She was being exhibited


1741, when

she issued the following notice in the

Public Advertiser for Jan. 7th, in that year

" To be



seen, at the

White Horse Inn, in

Fleet-street, the

Wonderful Short Woman, born

Salisbury, no

more than two
that see her.

feet nine inches high, straight


thirty-one years of age,

out loss

and gives satisfaction to all To be seen any hour of the day, withGentlemen and ladies may of time. Note.

see her at their


houses at any time of the day,

and the price

left to their



Another engraving, contemporary with the

mentioned one, and apparently by the same artist, represents " The Wonderful Strong and Sm-prizing
Persian Dwarf, three foot six inches high, born in


years old, speaks eighteen lan-

guages, sings Italian, dances to admiratign, and with
the ropes ty'd to his hair

when put over

his shoulders

the great stone


The individual


sented standing outside a show, and
large oblong stone with ropes round
are attached to his hair, and held


his side is


other ropes
in his left

by him



wears a slouched cap, with a cord and

button, knee-breeches, and a large moustache




rather bandy.

He was

exhibited in 1740,

when he

issued the

following notice in the Daily Advertiser, for August
18th, in that year

" To be seen,

at the


Tavern, Charing-cross, a Persian Dwarf, just arrived,
three feet eight inches high, aged 45 years,

has had the honour to divert the greatest part of
the nobility, gentry, and


most parts of

Em'ope, with his wonderful performances, to the

satisfaction of





upon each hand

the largest men, dancing about the room.


holds a chair on his hands with his whiskers, or

moustaches, which are six inches long, and takes up

from the
from the

floor a piece of







with his whiskers the said piece, three

of his flngers being on the

Hfting at the same

time one of his legs up in the
thro' a chair represents a

and with







up the

said piece of

money with

his whiskers,

and holds up two chairs
Scaramouch's wings.

in his

arms, in the form of



bears a stone of

four hundred weight hanging on his hair, above six

inches from the floor, dancing about the room. 6thly.




head upon a






another, with his body extended, and bears the said
stone and two

men on the top of his With many more wonderful

stomach, with


by strength and
Second Sampson.
the Prince

too tedious to mention,

that surpass imagination

and he


justly called the


also speaks eighteen different


has had the honour to be seen by

and Princess of Wales,


House, and by the Princesses

at St. James's."

In Queen Anne's reign was exhibited at
Fair (which was put down in 1708), in the


on the


hand, over against Mr. Pinckethman's

booth, during the usual time of the




Black Man,


brought from the West Indies,
this age,

being the wonder of

he being but 3 foot



The same individual was

high, and 25 years old."

advertised to appear also in a booth in Lincoln's Inn
Fields, his handbill having the initials A. R. at the

and "Vivat Regina"

at the bottom.

He no





same person as the one mentioned by " Li October, 1706, a negro says

twenty-six years old, and but three foot high, was
in this

town (Leeds) with

his Turkish horse not so


The same individual was afterwards named
January 10th, 1711-1712, which

in the Spectator for

gives an amusing letter about three dwarfs

who were

then being exhibited in London.

They were a very

man, a woman equally diminutive, and a horse

proportionable in



by the


to the editor, runs as follows

knowing that you are very

inquisitive after

everything that

curious in nature, I will wait on




please, in the

dusk of the evening, with


show upon


back, which I carry about with

in a box, as only consisting of a

man, a woman,

and a

The two


are married, in which

state the little cavalier has so well acquitted himself,

that his lady



The big-bellied woman
whimsical palfrey,
are put together

and her husband, with
are so very light, that
into a scale,

their little

when they

an ordinary

whole family.
natuBe, and

man may weigh down The Kttle man is a bully in
choleric I confine


when he grows


until his


him to by which means I

have hitherto prevented him from doing mischief.

His horse

m A BOX.


likewise very vicious, for which reason I


forced to tie


close to his

manger with a packShe


The woman
it is

a coquette.




possible for a lady of


feet high,


would ruin me

in silks,

were not the quantity that

goes to a large pincushion sufBcient to make her

gown and




the other day,

that she heard the ladies wore coloured hoods, and



to get her one of the finest blue.



forced to comply with her demands whilst she

her present condition, being very wilHng to have

more of


same breed.

I do not

know what



produce me, but provided

be a show I


be very well


novelties should not, I

think, be concealed firom the British Spectator; for

which reason I hope you wiE excuse
servant, S. T."



in your most dutiful, most obedient, and most


These small people were exhibited in 1712 at the

Duke of Marlborough's Head,
bury-court, Fleet-street

over against Salis-


also in



of strange and wonderful creatures firom most parts of the world, aU alive," over against the





her majesty's permission."

Their handbill says

" The

being a Uttle Black


being but 3 foot high, and 32 years of age,


and proportionable every way, who



tinguished by the

name of

the Black Prince,


has been shewn before most kings and princes in Christendom.

The next being

his wife, the Little


not 3 foot


and 30 years of age,

and proportionable

any woman in the
the Fairy Queen,





she gives a general satisfaction to

that sees her,

by diverting them with dancing, being big with




Turkey horse, being and surprising The

but 2 foot odd inches high, and above 12 years of

shews several diverting

actions, at the

word of command.


woman, and

horse, that ever

was seen

in the world

the horse being kept in a box."
Paris, in his


Drawings of Human Prodigies,
the Sloane manuscripts, gives
his horse.




us a sketch of this

man and

They were

by him


London, in 1712.

mentioning these
1715, a

The same writer, wonders, says " I have seen

also, in

black man, brought from the
foot high,



who was but 3

and but 25

years old."

In 1710 Peter the

Grreat, the

Emperor of Eussia,

celebrated a marriage of two dwarfs at Petersburg

with great parade.

For a certain day, which had

been proclaimed several months before, he invited
all his courtiers

and the foreign ambassadors


present at the grand marriage of this

pigmy man
the dwarfs,

and woman; and he ordered that


both male and female, residing within two hundred
miles of his capital should repair thereto, and be present at the



their convenience


supplied vehicles which would contain a dozen dwarfs

at once.


These carriages, with their odd occupants
into the city

were followed
ing mob.

by a shouting and laughfirst


of the small people were at


willing to obey the order, which they

knew was

culated to bring


them into ridicule, and would not But Peter compelled them to obey, and as a
on the
rest at dinner.

punishment for their disobedience he obliged them
to wait

The whole company
in the

of dwarfs numbered about seventy, besides the bride

and bridegroom, who were richly adorned
height of the fashion.


this miniature


everything provided was suitable in
table held small plates,




and other

necessary articles, diminished to the standard of the

dwarfs with


pride and gravity

contended for place and superiority, which

Emperor endeavoured

surmount by ordering

that the

most diminutive should take the


endeavour bred disputes, as none of them would

consent to be placed foremost.



being at length adjusted, the banquet was consumed,

and dancing followed
inches high.



the ball being opened with

a minuet by the bridegroom, who was three feet two In the end the unwilling company
entered into the spirit of the diversion, and themselves

became much amused and


June The Guardian humorous notice of a fancy club of little men. The day of its institution was the 10th (?) December, being the shortest day in the year, on which the

25th, 1713, contains a



members held

annual feast over a dish of



of meeting

was the


and no



five feet in

height was


become a member.

The fundamental

rule of the club


the unanimous

opinion of our society that since the race of




granted to have decreased in stature from
it is

the beginning to this present,



men should be little and we believe that all human kind shall at last grow down to perfection— that is to say, be reduced to our own



In the next number of the


some of the small members of
scribed, one being

this society are


Tiptoe, a dapper black fellow,

the most gallant lover of the age,

who was






Another was Tim


who was

fall as


when he was

years old as he was then.

The same magazine
were obliged


July 15th relates the in-

stitution of the Tall Club, all the

members of which


be above six feet high



already been chosen

the president

was a HighThe device

lander " within an inch of a show ;" and the secretary was six feet and a half in height.

on the public

seal of this


was a crane The

grasping a pigmy in his right






by the Short Club's

airs that

threatened to bring


members away

in a pair of panniers,

and imprison

In the reign of George a female dwarf of Persia. by carryon each ing four arm. after Smith. from a very fine original painting of him nearly the size of life. His singular appearance and uncouth manners tracted atstaff much notice. his dress was ragged and dirty . Gr. men at one time. In 1716 was published Farrel's whole-length portrait.OWEN FAREEL. dated 1815. and heavily and clumsily made. 1819. and his toes protruded through worn shoes. He is also depicted in Caulfield's Remarlable Persons. and in the Cw^osities of Biography. two sitting astride He was only three feet nine inches high. too lazy to work. of parents. In 1716 to live in the capacity of footman to a colonel in Dublin. where. them in a 317 cupboard until they should make a public recantation for their impudence. then in the possession of Kirby. but the project not succeeding. Smeeton. By the persuasion of others he exhibited himself as a show. 1845. he subsisted by begging about the streets. of . I. was A strong bom he went Irish dwarf. he held in his hand a tattered hat full . sions He distinguished himself on many occa- by his amazing strength — for example. In this miserable plight he is repre- sented in an engraving in Kirby's Wonderful Museum. He used to carry a stout nearly as high as himself. he came to London. his stock- ings were his of holes. (1714-1727) appeared who alleged that she was a native Farrel. and was carried from place to place for that purpose . named Owen humble in county Cavan. engraved by Burgh.

-and when Caulfield wrote was preserved was a in the collection of William Hunter. his thigh-bones. under the heading of news from Ashby-de-la-Zouch. in the back-ground. but Dr." The Daily Post for September 13th. Hunter had one of which measured nine inches and a half." in The Rev. Mark Noble says : " I have been I do company with a friend's daughter. was the artist being published . a sm-geon. from of " Leather-coat which he got Jack. and the enIrishman graver Hulett. Omrod. Paul's. and a sketch of Covent Garden. after the dwarf's decease. for a weekly allowance." Another writer tells us that Fan-el " was so gross and massive in proportion to his height. H. with a stick. in a leather jerkin. Gleadah. 3 Old Bailey. which was of the first placed in the made a skelemuseum Duke of Richmond. the artist being J. that he presented us with a very disagreeable image.318 GIANTOLOGT AUD DWAEFIANA. Gravelot. Leices- . a dwarf. with the strength of two. ton of his bones. not know the time of Farrel's death. Some time before his death he sold his body. in a leather coat St. issued another portrait of dwarf. about 1742. at the University of Glasgow. 1726. to a Mr. pro- digiously large in bulk and wonderfully strong. this No. In the same museum fine painting of Farrel." his common name In 1742 his whole-length portrait. and hat. Granger says of deviated widely from this small its : " Nature usual walk in giving this dwarf little more than half the stature of a man. who.

but in stature both together could measure but two yards. and shoes on. then being twenty-two years of age. latter the former was above 90 years of age.. to be thirty-eight inches. John. He likewise carefully measured this dwarf. was no more than thirty-four pounds. 319 5th. near as old. F.E.e. the i." home his wife to his own Li 1728 was born. tershire. for Little John was ordered parish soon after. large as children of that age usually are but he grew very little and slowly afterwards. and found his height. with all his clothes on. and were pleased them money. The Earl of Huntingdon and several persons of distinction in company with his lordship had the curiosity to view the bridegroom and bride a few days after the nuptials. 'Tis reckoned a contrivance of some waggish officers of Ashby parish to get rid of to give their female pensioner to carry . says : and the date of September last " We had a wedding week at our church. 1750. dated Norwich. Li 1744 he was thirty-six and weighed twenty-seven pounds and a for Li the Philosophical Transactions 1750 is a letter from William Arderon. which occaviz.S. inches high.JOHN OOAN. wig. a pensioner of Blassardy parish. half. with his hat. a dwarf. was married to Little Nan. His limbs were no larger . in that year. When about a year old he was as . and his weight. a pensioner of Ashby parish . John Ooan. that May 12th. Little sioned no small diversion in these parts. at Twitshall in Norfolk. which states Coan had been shown in that city for some weeks Arderon weighed Mm on April 3d. he past. three foot apiece.

than those of a child of three or four years old his body was perfectly straight. lively The child was three years and not quite nine months old. wig. with all his clothes on. his education and read and wrote English well. likewise with his clothes on. his The child's weight. for his size and therefore his dimensions and weight. 1751. and shoes on. He per had a good complexion . a child (afterwards Sir WilHam Jones) was weighed and measured against him. The Gentleman's Magazine curiosities for December. he . After Arderon's examination of this man. he was in no way remarkable .320 GIANTOLOGT AND DWAEFIANA. compared with the dwarfs. at anything. but not disagreeable. The height of the dwarf with child. could sing with tolerable proficiency the and he amused company who went to see him by mimicking very little exactly the crowing of a cock. was of a sprightly temHis discoursed readily and pertinently. voice was a little hollow. Although very and handsome. . the lineaments of his face accorded with his age. tolerable idea of The weight of the dwarf. . natural mentions Coan as one of several uncommon then being exhibited in the metropoKs. hat. was thirty-six pounds. considering . was thirty-four pounds. was thirty-eight inches and five-tenths. gave a the real smaUness of the latter. was thirty-seven inches and seventenths . and so proportionately in all the other dimen- sions of the two. and his brow had some wrinkles in it when he looked attentively . The height of the without any- thing on his head.

was sent for to Leicester ness the Princess House by her Royal HighDowager of Wales. says : The London. and sent. John Coan. facing the Cannon Tavern. that " on Wednesday. John Coan.: THE NORFOLK DWAEF. I feet. to pleasure you so great. and hope for years shall sing. their and behaviour. Princess Augusta. when Mr. a man of form complete If honour'd thus. he repeated the following lines " Behold. Let others boast their stature. 1752. Prince Edward. and was imme- diately introduced before her." The same newspaper for January 14th adds." Li 1752 he was also presented to George II. too blithly I behave. That I now am. and made him a very handsome present. or their birth.. at their house in Crane-court. most gracious Princes at your In miniature. " On Wed- nesday evening. Mr. This glorious truth shall fill my soul with mirth. to the Royal Society. Gazette for January 10th. and to most of T . The smallest subject of the greatest king. at St James's Palace. all the other Princes staid and Princesses being pre. Who inward blesses his peculiar fate That made him small. pardon at this time your little slave. where he upwards of two hours and we actions. was at Leicester House. Royal Highnesses were most agreeably entertained the whole time. the Norfolk dwarf. 321 to the On the 5th of that month he was shown Royal Society. are assnred by the pertinency of his answers. his Royal Highness the Prince of Wales. the Norfolk dwarf. Charing-cross. and had the honour of being introduced to their : Royal Highnesses. who is now to be seen at the watchmaker's.

publicly exhibited at the fair. in 1771. his His health was complexion sallow. in the Five Fields. . Coaii a very handsome present. and gave peremptory orders that none but these should have liberty of exhibition after the fair. Upon being asked by a lady respecting his health. and which seems to have been " Vide page 189. In 1762 he was engaged by Pinchbeck at the Dwarf Tavern. The Daily Advertiser of the had the favour of being same year tells us. at Tunbridge Wells the Fine Gentleman in having theatrical tastes. About 1762. and casts ac- counts. although he was then under thirty-five years of age. and. and the African Prince. This dwarf also played to the company Letlie .322 GIANTOLOGT AifD DWARFIANA. he frequently used to re- hearse prologues and speeches from plays. and his skin wrinkled. The mayor and worth aldermen ingeniously declared there was not a subject besides him. made Mr. and. that he " sent for to the Guildliall. peculiarly to express their satisfaction. infirmities of a much more failing. to which were attached tea-gardens. he replied. the nobility in London. Bristol. Fair.* with whom he is represented in an engraving by Roberts. for the amusement of his numerous visitors." fallen into the sear and yellow which was literally true. -with the when at St. "Ah. Chelsea. I have already leaf. writes. madam. the giant of Shire-lane. seeing." at Bartholomew Fair and Coan exhibited many other places with Edward Bamford. James's dog that reads. he displayed many of the advanced period of life.

323 a place of some attraction. Mr." His owner. and when he was in spirits he would keep an audience in a roar of laughter by getting on a table and singing the song of Tlie Cock. He was in general an agreeable companion. . 1764. He was lady very fond of gay dress. he endeavoured to attract visitors considerable time afterwards. and at others light blue with a bag-wig. as possible. particularly in dramatic literature. carried about in a like the small who was box . P. was worked very hard. being the principal object of public notice. * Vide page 313. Here Coan. having an intelligent mind. He and sometimes wore blue and gold. to John Coan. made him and silver. by showing the dwarf's eflSgy for a G. at others purple silver. the unparalleled Norfolk Dwarf.* but then this was a weakness which he could because so small a quantity of stuflp readily indulge. mined could. Harding drew Coan's portrait. a suit.dwaef's coepse exhibited. Numerous companies of visitors kept him continually employed in an endeavour to keep them amused. deter- make as much to out of him exhibited his corpse the public as long as he and when that was buried. inasmuch as it was repeatedly visited by an Indian king in that year. his The Daily Advertiser for March. records death as follows: " Yesterday (28th) died at the in Chelsea Fields. He had a good voice. which he did with much humour and quaint action. and being weU-read. Dwarf Tavern.

almost as the Saxon tall. under May 2d. and cloathed in the proper dress * Vide page 111. announced as follows ladies. a wild man. : " This is to give notice. was presented his highness. like ^sop. not quite three feet high." to their majesties. The Pigmy ne'er declin'd his head. '324 GIANTOLOGY AND DWAEFIANA. in John Skiner. Says I. dated 1733. in his manuscript book. The followiiig prize epigram on a dwarf is given : in the Gentleman's Magazine for February. David's Streight's. very well proportioned. an odd triumvirate Two. 1735 " Saunt'ring with We spy'd merry Jack of late. 1735. The date chronicle of the Gentleman's Magazine. crook'd and small The tall their parting congees made. says. who was born Plymouth. that dwarf no manners shows You err. strait. stood under the D. who put him into the dress of a Polander. and at thirty-five years of age was only two feet six inches high. Gaspard Boutin speaks of a dwarf who was James writes of thirty-six inches. namely. of the same height as this Dane. That there is arrived at this place. * Paris. is bom in St. which mightily pleased In July he was taken into the service of the Prince of Wales.* The third. and little others. 1732." A newspaper of December 16th. . he 34 inches high. aged 27 years. that "a man He dwarf.. . I»ought from Denmark. . crys Jack. to all gentlemen. Cumberland's arm. he always boms.

Bernot. seated near the entrance of some caves on the Greenland coast. of his country. of which the following is a transas far as the same related to the above-named Greenland. by order of the Duke.GREENLAND DWARFS." At the top of this advertisement is a rude wood- cut representing a seashore. was sent for to St. from 10 o'clock in the morning to one in the afternoon . and rare engraved by J. on which stands a Greenlander. is now to be seen at the Mitre and Eummer. James's. without date. with a: ship. and the Princesses Amelia and Carolina. or some such arrow. lately brought from Davis's Straites. and a man in a canoe with a paddle. "the little on the 4th wild man. and 27 years old." A handbill of this dwarf states that " he has been shewn twice before the Eoyal Family and Sir Hans Sloane. to be seen. bow and Beyond are a a spouting whale. The print had an inscription in lation German. in a fur dress. says. that Another newspaper of December. the remainder being merely" observations on " There have lately . to their great admiration. remarkable characters . representing two dwarfs. in small folio. and from two in the afternoon to eight at night." Mr. 34 inches high. and their court. Fillinham had in his collection a very curious print. native. 0. of Minor Niimberg. of that month. The like of tliis wild man having never their been seen in Em-ope. at Charing-eross. 325 He had the honour to be shew'd to Eoyal Highnesses the Prince and Princess of Orange. 1735. at the Hague.

of whom the man is twenty- inches high. and was not more than is six inches high. yet fathoms six foot five inches with He walks naturally upon his hands. six and forty years one foot nine inches high. where he seen. At Court a wonder. his arms. that " France arriv'd in Town. their offspring. and are in this picture.326 GIANTOLOOr AND DWAKFIANA. He will go to. raising his body one foot four inches off the ground : jumps his upon a table near three foot high with one hand. a from Davis's Straits. is admirers of curiosities. . and the woman . tho' aged 46. who died lately at Rastadt. under date December 20th. and embalmed is in the Chemical Laboratory there. and eighteen inches high with a male child. and others. He shews some part of military exercise on his hands." yet to be The Gentleman^s Magazine for 1735. seventy years old. Measuring but Inches twenty-one. who lived to seventeen years. drawn from nature Greenland. as well as if he stood upon his legs. to all gentlemen. relates in rhyme. Where He. and a hundred and forty years old. a man. and leaps off without making use of anything but tlie hands. in family which has been accustomed to live in the large caverns of rocks . ladies. great was shown. arrived in Nuremberg. that there lately arrivedold. . or letting his body touch ground. from France. Performed 20 childish tricks." A dwarf from This dwarf issued the following handbill is to : " This give notice.

three feet two inches high. John Grimes. He married. a a suspiciously low stature but even that height exceeds the proportions of some we have reliable information. the corner of Spring-gardens. 327 any gentleman's house honour to if requir'd. In 1736 died. Vivant Eex is & Regina. but she was only nine years old. at the age of fifty-seven years. who was Chad's. Birch.. of whom maillet. and is now to be seen at the Charing-cross Coffee-house. of Edward Scofield. Wright. Somewhere about this time was published the quarto portrait of a female Dutch dwarf. he could lift up from the ground upon his hands two fuU-grown men at once . a dwarf. He has had the . says he saw a dwarf only eighteen inches high. and engraved by R. in the Dictionnaire des Sci- ences. but his drunkenness disabled him and weakened him at or age of forty years. . only three feet eight inches high. born at Newcastle-upon-Tyne. and most of the nobility and gentry. the deputy clerk of Shrewsbury. De- French consul at Cairo. be shewn before the court of France his royal highness the Prince of "Wales. JOHN GRIMES." Twenty-one inches dwarfs. He was and had . speaks of one only sixteen inches high and thiriy- seven years old. the Princesses. foin* children. whose portrait when he was seventyone years old was drawn by J. When he was between thirty and forty years old.-about the He was as broad as . Hancock. This also was the height St. in his collections. Virey. notices a German dwarf girl eighteen inches high.

Charing -cross. born without any joints in his wrists. he was long. and he has two pan bones to each knee. who was imperial state by Wilhelmina Carolina of BrandenII. yard. and died in 1737. died at the age of forty years. and the father of eight children .328 GIANTOLOGr iiTD DWARFIANA. from hand to hand stretched. and sings with a loud voice at the sleeps same time. in the Strand. two feet and a half in height. Pursuant to this contract he was dissected. and notwithstanding has the use of both hands to great perfection . the wife of George sovereign in 1705. the Fountain Tavern.. having never been seen in London before. who married that when he was Prince of Wales^ burgh. and was buried on July 25th. He sold himself for dissection after death to a surgeon severalyears before that event happened for sixpence per week. William Butler. And to be seen at the Young : Man's Coffee-house. the beat of a He performs drum his to a very surprising degree. his feet are double-jointed.. a Little Man. in Plumstead church- The Daily Advertiser ture for March. and his skeleton was made by a surgeon over against. 1737. When he he puts head between his two feet to rest . two feet nine inches high. contains the following advertisement of a dwarf whose pos- when asleep was certainly novel " Arrived on Monday the 18th inst. The last court dwarf in England was a Germani retained as an adjunct to- named Coppernin. an English dwarf.. 1738. fifty years of age.

dwarf's postures. he will wait on nine in the them at any hour. to the great satisfaction of spectators. well proportion'd. 329 one and his great toes . on them by way of a pillow. He is straight. at their houses." . on notice given their him at his lodging. If any gentlemen or ladies are desirous to see the above surprising Little Man. between and the price morning and three in the afternoon. in each ear. wliich a man this of his size and per- formances was never seen in kingdom before. The said Little Man may be and well seen from nine in the morning tiU nine at night. left to own generosity. made every way. which posture he shews and performs all several other things. Note.

inches. was a little strong and vigorous fellow. and had a family of six children. — Little Polander Joseph Boeuwlaski. His parents were of the medium size. stated that who him herself. At the age of one year he was fourteen His and at six years seventeen inches high. but he was neither weak nor suckled defective. King of the Beggars. but the other two and the daughter attained only that of children of about the age of four years.— CHAPTEK XIII. King of Poland's Dwarf—his life— Mdlle. and his mother. frequently less trouble none of her children gave her than he. 1739. exceeded the middle stature. eldest brother. in November. five sons and one daughter. Three of the former. Joseph Boruwlaski—his life— KemWe and Dwarf— B6b6. born eleven years before him. when fuU grown. was born near Chaliez. At the time of Joseph's birth he measured only eight inches in length. only forty-two . Souvray— Kitip— Maro CaRobert and Judith Skinner tozze the Corsioan Fairy — —Man in a Bottle— Signor Jumpedo—Geneva Dwarf— her feats —Welsh Dwarf—Hopkins Hopkins—Priesland Dwarf-Little 'Will—Bertholde— Dwarf Prime Minister —Cornelius Caton— George Eomondo — Lifege Dwarf—Dwarf at Eussian Embassy— Dwarf Marriage — Dwarf Priest— Dwarf Marriage —^Andrew Whiston. in Polish Russia. commonly called Count Boruwlaski.

accordingly. Upon her marriage. usually obliging managed always to lose. The sis- named Anastasia. of ridicule. had manifested great affection for Joseph. lady. the Castelane Kaminska. and solicited his parents to comThis mit him to her care. to of age. to the Countess Inalawski. the Starostin de Caorlix. feeling and beneficent Before she was twenty years officer. seven years younger than Joseph. after- wards the Countess de Tarnow. endeavouring to find the means of serving him without hurting his delicacy. who was noble but poor. and. took him to her residence. and within two days she died. He became who was page. she contrived to engage him ix> play at picquet with her. him to play deeply.COIINT BORUWLASKI. she became enamoured of a yomig whom. and a heart. for fear But she could not conceal from her friend and benefactress. this. widow in poverty with six children. having a lively and cheerful temper. was so short that she could stand under his arm. her this regard for Anastasia gentleman. he . She is represented by him. knew and. her height then being twenty-eight inches. she At the age of twenty years she was seized with small-pox. Before this event. She now repeated her offers to his mother. who consented to the separation. and during four years she faithfully performed the charge which she had undertaken. however. to have been a perfect model of symmetry and beauty. ter. in his memoirs. she never told her afiection. and then confi- dential steward. Joseph was leaving his still an infant when his father died. 331 inches in height.

. woman. "it not the ring that I am looking at. but the hand. " I beg is your majesty's pardon." replied Boruw- The empress then wore a in brilliants. At the age of ten years he had attained a stature of twenty-one inches. By this time the man was about twenty-eight inches high. where he was presented to the Empress Maria Theresa. was most curious and interesting He things answered. where he stayed and for a long time. " And what is that?" inquired her majestj'. caressed him. the Countess Humieckaj who took him to her estate at Eychty. who on one occasion took him on her lap. and he looking attentively asked him whether the cipher was pretty. but nothing seemed so extraordinary as that which he then beheld. His hand being in at this jewel. that he had seen in that city many worthy of admiration. in Podoha. At this time he was taken by the countess to Vienna." at the same time raising it to his lips. and the marked little kindness of Count Kaunitz. the lap of so great a "To see so little a man on laski. at the age of fifteen years he was twenty-five inches high. ring. to was transferred her friend. and put it on Boruw- The notice of the empress procured him the attention of the whole court.332 GIANTOLOGY AND DWARFIANA. on which she was her cipher hers." replied Boruwlaski. which I beseech your permission to kiss. child. then a laski's. and asked him what he thought at Vienna. The fiattered empress thereupon took a very fine diamond ring from the finger of Maria Antoinette.

who was a few ceived in his palace. He but at first showed that much the friendship for the latter .KING OF POLAND'S DWARF." " what a difference there is between Joujou said he. they both being in the royal apartment. and ordered to appear again in his presence. entertaining. He amiable. his rival. by whom the travellers were re- With this prince Hved the famous Bebe. directed them voured sioned to inflict on B^be corporal pimishment. and well-informed whereas you are but a little machine. dence of Stanislaus Lesczinski. when he saw all. [the familiar name by which Boruwlaski was known] is . The noise occaby this scuffle brought back the king. he caught Slily approaching him by the waist. and you. cheerfiil. inches taller than Boruwlaski. the king having left the room. little stranger more preferred the conversation of that the king sensible people than his. the king asked several questions of Boruwlaski. a native of France. One day. 333 From Vienna the countess and her dwarf protlie resi- ceeded to Munich. with whose replies he was much pleased. the aged dethroned King of Poland. he conceived the most violent jealousy and hatred against him." To these words Beb6 made no reply. who. above took pleasure in his company. Beb^'. afterwards. called for his servants. Shortly seized Bebe the opportunity to take revenge. and thence to Luneville. and endea- to push him into the fire. and. him never . after he had extricated his small countryman from his assailant. "You see. but his counte- nance indicated his passionate resentment.

attributed to the mortification that he ex- perienced on this occasion. He understands arithmetic. he can bear and lift great weights in proportion to his size." From benefactress to Paris. Boruwlaski interceded for the culprit. and Bebe as an Luneville Boruwlaski proceeded with his imperfect one. " The resemblance between Bebe and Boruwlaski consists only in their stature. just in his reasonings. Boruwlaski plete may be considered as a com- though very diminutive man. is What distinguishes him still more from Bebe and his that he possesses great mental energy and accomplishments. 334 GIANTOLOGY AlfD DWAEFIANA. and his ma- jesty would not revoke the other except upon the condition that rival. is clever by nature. judgment very sound. and very pleasing fea- Count Tressan. and nimble. is said by Boruwlaski to have had a figure perfectly well-proportioned. who had many opportunities of comparing these two dwarfs at Luneville. B6b6 should beg pardon of his injured which took place not long afterwards. where they passed more than a year. lively in his repartees. but the first part of the sentence was executed. well. says.. He reluctantly submitted to this humiliation but his deatli. In a word. reads and writes and speaks German and French with great fluency. that his memory is excellent. He is ingenious in everything he under- takes.. The latter has been treated most favourably health. was partly Bebe tures. and were patronised by the royal family and . He enjoys good fatigue.

Count Academy him of Sciences in : " M. and even the food consisted of small things. and his heart sus- ceptible of the most tender impressions . and his physiog- nomy spirited. loves to be treated with the decorum due his rankj yet is not offended with those who make . is extremely shown any passion or comto placent. In 1760. he nothing shocking about him. for which made him ample amends by the beauties of body and mind. which indicates liness the gaiety and spright- of his mind. and very nimble. the farmer-general. Nature has refused nothing but she has his ful. He dances well. twenty-two years of age. He speaks sensibly of what he has seen. eats well.COUNT BOEXTWLASKI. health. 335 Bouret. is and has a very good memory . and has fine eight inches high. his judgment sound. while Boruwlaski was Tressan sent to the Royal that city the following account of lasky. his eyes are ftdl and of fire . and spoons were pro- portioned to his size. dishes. he has never ill-nature. at Paris. knives. One evening Count Oginski served up Boruwlaski in a tureen at a banquet. size to this amiable creature. such as ortolans and becaficos. His manner is extremely graceand his repartees smart and spirited. gave an entei-tainment in honour of Boruwlaski. drinks nothing but water. Boruw- who came over with is is the Countess of Humi- ecska. forks. sleeps and can bear a great deal of is fatigue. and about twentywell-proportioned. at which the plates. He enjoys a perfect state of little. his features agreeable. the nobility.

under date May " Some letters from the Hague mention 13th. says : that the famous Polish countess and her dwarfs are now the only subjects of the conversation and diver- sion of the nobility witty expressions. The father and mother of these little crea- them worth bestowing education on. are above five feet six inches high. a but six years old. strong and well-made. but not above twenty or twenty-one inches high at most. but forward in every other respect as any child of that age. His father mother are above the middling size. the eldest of whom is but thirty-four inches His three other brothers. handsome and weU-made. The Annual Register for 1761. but he wrong in some of his other statements. ' ' having one of those dwarfs upon her lap. and they probably had remained ignorant and illiterate if the Countess of Humieeska and a near tures did not think relation of hers had not about two years ago taken them under their protection. that he writes and reads very and French well. have six and children." his The count may be correct description of Boruwlaski's person.336 free with GIAUTOLOGY AND DWAKFIANA. and gentry in HoUand. the sixth girl. who were high. sufficiently to express himself with ease in is and in chosen terms. for their The Princess Nassau-Weilbourg. not you very sony you are not taller ?' Are No. One little gentleman has so well improved in that short time. bom is within a year of each other. him on account of his stature. In four months he learned the German tolerably well. and understands arithmetic.' re- . said.

Boruwiaski. and his his charmer openly laughed at his passion. At the age of forty years love again disturbed his happiness. the dwarf still continuing in the Countess Humiecka's good graces. he declared his passion for her.. This courtship. . born of French. Boruwiaski was presented to him. and where his company was much courted. however.' " Having visited Holland. service the discharged from her servants through to carry it whose means he had been enabled time. who At took him under his protection. ' IN LOVE. the age of thirty years he was thirty-nine inches high. I sliould not have the honour to . and for some time he believed that she cherished similar sentiments towards him. was short. belonging to was thirtybecame enamoured of an actress a company of French comedians at to the Warsaw. to the throne of Poland. DWAEF plied he sit . The and discovery of this much distressed Boruwiaski patroness. the Countess Humiecka little companion through Germany Warsaw. Having procured an introduction lady. . 337 if I was. and she even withdrew her favours from him for a short Soon after the accession of Stanislaus 11. inasmuch as it became a subject of public notoriety. where they settled. on. becoming informed of his intrigue. who had now returned with her to attained the age of twenty-five years. and five inches high. and then he stopped growing. His patroness had taken into her house as a companion a young lady named Isalina Barbutan. upon yom.ladyship's knee.

Boruwlaski at first much embarrassed. on his -^-isit to the courts of return. Boruwlaski soon found that the royal favom-s would scarcely be sufficient for the support of himself and his wife. His patrons suggested that a second Europe would procure him the means of leading. Her beauty made . and who induced the king still vide for him. within a few weeks after her marriage informed that he who him was likely soon to be a father. she directed him to be confined in his own apartment. he left Warsaw in No- . which he pressed upon her with much ardour. However. but he applied for help to the king's brother. When the Countess Humiecka was informed of his senti- ments she remonstrated with him thereon. a life of comfort. she ordered him her house finally . Prince Casimir. but she still a long time ridiculed his passion. parents settled at first Warsaw. who had always taken Boruwlaski particular interest in to promise to pro- Mm. Finding to leave that he continued obstinate.338 GIANTOLOGY AND DWAEFIANA. and being provided with of recommendation. world. He letters adopted the idea the king supplied him with a convenient carriage . and she sent was Turned adrift in the away also. who at length married him. . and settled an annuity of one hundred ducats on him. but as he paid no attention to her arguments. the king having first ap- proved of the match. without money or Isalina resources. at sight a strong impression on his heart for. continued his un- remitting addresses to the object of his passion.

Siberia. Keith. Vienna. He then travelled into Hun- gary. where they arrived 1781.COUNT BOETTWLASKI. Maria Theresa. received the benevolence of Count Kaunitz and he became acquainted with the quent voyage to England. one day took Boruwlaski to see this giant. they were obliged to continue for some time in that city. M. she gave birth to a daughter. Finland. In London his of patrons were the Duke and Duchess Devonshire. where. He. during which the vessel lost her masts and earhest sails. Turkey. after a tempestuous passage of six days. in the course of an interesting tour. and other countries. accompanied by Lady Spencer. all which was attended by almost left the nobility of that city provided with letters of recormnendation to many princes of Germany. he was well received. Before long Boruwlaski was introduced to the Prince of . 1780. A short time after his arrival a giant over eight feet high likewise visited the metropolis. 339 ill His wife being taken at Cracow. he British ambassador. again . had then just died. On her recovery they set out for in February. however. Unfortunately for Boruwlaski. Vienna. with whose knee the dwarfs head was about on a level. Lapland. vember. Being desirous of seeing them together. who induced him to make his subseAfter giving a concert. after a long indisposition. at whose courts. he arrived at Margate. He now embarked resolved to visit England. the duke and duchess. his patroness. and having at Ostend. Sir R.

340- GIAKTOLOGT AND DWAEFIAl^A. "Wales. and may be had of Comte St.: . . 55 Jermyn-street. will be admitted. contains the following advertisement of one of his concerts " Carlisle House. first at a guinea. 1786. first night. All the favours of his patrons were not. sufficient to support himself and his wife decently so that he was obliged to have recourse to the expedient of giving subscription concerts.) Comte in Boruwlaski. when be performed at this place. (By very particular rope. and the junior mem- bers of the royal family. he was presented by the Countess of Egre- mont to the king and queen. and of an exhibition of himself. Boruwlaski. who M^as unavoidably prevented from Tickets for the 17th attending on the inst. No. then at five and afterwards at half-a-crown each per- son. after an absence of two or three years. afterwards George IV. Cramer. and Ireland. shillings. Scotland. the most celebrated dwarf now Euit compelled to put to ofi' his concert. 1782. near James's Church. child. who there gave birth to her second At length. and on May 23d. On way he stopped at several provincial among which was Leeds. cities. successfiil." In 1783 Boruwlaski visited the principal towns of England. and was very ill- In Ireland he was detained by the ness of his wife. however. A newspaper of June 17th. 1782. he returned to his London in March. under the direction of Mr. is desire. where a vulgar and very stout . from Mon- day the 17th will Wednesday the 19th instant.

he began to life. looking at the same time at her broad and bulky figure. at Durham. and his mind beiag write the from anxiety. and 1820. Assen. and An formed music of his own erroneous report having reached Boruwlaski's composition on the guitar. Curiosa . per- where he held a ball in the Long Booms. trait of him appears in the Biographut. which he continued in various towns in England. and therefore he hoped that he had more chance than she had. and voyages. Scotland. Having saved a relieved little money. and another in Wilson's Wonderful Characters. and Ireland. In London he resumed his former system of concert-giving and exhibitions. 1791. Hincks. the celebrated Polish Dwarf. containing a curious account of his birth. and of the nobility. travels. In 1788 Boruwlaski's Another por- was engraved by Av. Boruwlaski was at Southampton. entitled many It was published in 1788. In July. This by W. with his wife and child. history of his which undertaking was patronised by the Prince of Wales. replied that he 341 He she told was a Roman Catholic. He reminded her that the Scriptures said that the gate to heaven was narrow. /again in •portrait work was republished in 1792. . lady asked him what rehgion he professed. in French and English." portrait Prefixed is an engraved of him. France. Upon which him that there was no hope of his going to heaven. marriage. and is " The Memoirs of Joseph Boruwlaski.dwarf's eepaetee.

he was preupon by that body to take up his abode for in Bank's Cottage. an advocate. when he was ninety-eight . the handbiU for his pubcatalogue of his effects. then one of the in Edinburgh. of him by De Wilde. autograph lic breakfast. which happened at the same cottage^' on September years of age. At the sale of Fillinham's col- lection in 1862 were sold some scarce portraits of Boruwlaski. His remains were placed near those of Stephen Kemble. Durham is- In Kay's Edinburgh Portraits there life. an original drawing letters. taken from of contrast. near their city. and his annuity of one hundred ducats was accordingly discontinued. 5th. him to revisit Poland but he soon afterwards returned his exhibitions where were so suc- cessful that in a few years he life retired. men ftiU! Bonomi. he is represented in For the sake company with Neil tallest Ferguson. he was thought no longer to require the king's favours. they engaging to allow offer. This circumstance compelled in the year 1792 to this country. 1837. and the sale One of his shoes and a glove are now in the Bristol . took a cast of Boruwlaski.. him a handsome income. the end of the last century. clerical He accepted this and enjoyed the bounty up to the time of his death. the architect.342 GIAITTOLOGY AND DWAEFIANA. native country that he had laid out several thousand pounds in the Funds. . having been seen At by vailed life some of the prebendaries of Durham. one of Boruwlaski. in the nine altars in Cathedral. and spent the remainder of his in ease and comfort.

and questioned who said. in his Natural History. His strong. Philosophical Institution. but he recovered without any other assistance than the care of his mother. 343 sole of The length of the the former outside is five inches and seven-eighths. healthy. well-made peasants. and wooden shoe with great for his bed. by his bed fat in extraordinary Kemble. or Ferry. mouth. in the Vosges. although well proportioned to the rest of his body. gives an account of Bebe. and was awakened about daybreak by a strange man. He was therefore suckled by a goat. and the milk of the . up in the bed. as His mother reared him his difficulty. a dwarf. who performed the part of a nurse remarkably well. figure.KEMBLE AND DWAEF. was not large enough to receive her nipple. the King of Poland's ferred. that He was had so very small he was presented upon a plate to be for a long time he his father's baptised. and he was born parents were at Plaisnes. published about 1767. as you to I am come exhibit at the fair to- morrow. smaU-pox. At the time of his birth he was only eight inches long. " I am a dwarf. to whom we have before re- His real name was Nicholas Peny. standing attire. we may add that he was once sleeping at an inn in a country town. I suppose you are a giant come for the same purpose. When six months old he had the . the intruder perceive . Apropos of our reference ahove to Kemble. and weighed twelve ounces. who was a raised himself . and I have mistaken the bedchamber. famous dwarf." Buffon.

He was incapable of reasoning. He was attacked left by several diseases. particularly of anger. jealousy. he snatched the it animal from her arms. . and his weight thirteen pounds his person was agreeable and well . he was in perfect health but he had appearance of intellect. thus re- moved from or his mind. fifteen inches. but she had a very profitless task. and threw out of window. The Princess of Talmond was appointed to teach him . and could only imperfectly learn music and dancing.44 goat. At two years he could support and walk almost without assist- hhnself upon his ance. At this time was about . He. legs.Bebe. how- ever. At the age of eighteen months he could arti- culate some words. name of and kept him in his palace. which were no more than an inch and a half in length. experienced no change either in his body He had no sense of religion. gave him the . conceived such a strong attachment to her. GIANT0L06Y AND DWAEFIANA. but the only evidences of his disorders were the his skin. and the desir ardent. A pair of shoes were then made for him. and beat time with tolerable accuracy. marks of the small-pox on From his height his infancy up to the age of six years his food consisted of vegetables and bacon. Bebe. proportioned little . or the Supreme Being. but he afterwards' seemed to be fond of the former. the im- mortality of the soul. He was susceptible of passions. that seeing her one day caress a dog. the condition of a peasant to the luxuries of a court. At this age Stanislaus ordered him to Luneville.

one shoulder-blade prolost jected his nose was greatly enlarged . account for the stoppage of his growth. time puberty produced upon him a great change his spine his his strength his began to decrease fell became crooked. and became a valetudinarian. legs . he his in- gaiety. foretold that the former would die of old age before he was thirty and in effect he did so . intervals of which he spoke with great fatal. but healthy and well At this . Count Tressan. and into a kind of lethargy. 345 crying. For the be more last five his ideas seemed to health. anatomists discovered •to Upon dissecting him the many obstructions sufficient year 1761. Bebe was only twentystill one inches in height proportioned. It is said that the king. about the . " Why do you love him more than me ?" We yfa. in the difficulty. 1764. These diseases soon proved and he died on days of his life June 9th. whose comparison between Bebe and Boruwlaski we have before given. make a hundred fell In his twenty-third year he was attacked with a slight fever. head forwards. His stature creased four inches in the four succeeding years. and w^ith diflSculty twenty-two he could steps successively. Wlien sixteen years old . clear than when he was in At the time of his death he measured thirty- three inches in height. for at twenty-one he at was shrunk and decrepit.s have before related the story of his passionate fire endeavour to push Boruwlaski into the when he on a visit to the king.. were enfeebled .

was long and black. with a . and slightly twisted the lower part of them The being only half as long as the part above the elbow. and the these two stature. Barbe Souvray. when she was seventy-three years of age. were like stumps. . Notwithstanding of gaiety and vivacity. who attained the height of only two feet eleven inches. taller little by eight inches. broad. chest was strong. a native of the Yosges before the union . When for his he was forty years of age he was exhibited at Batavia. in the island of Bali. at the theatre of M. and having no joints in them. His hands were fingers short. English measure. she was full and danced and sung national songs in public with her sister. Anne Therese but Bebi died was effected . She was exhibited in 1819 in Paris. arms were too long in proportion outwards . very loosely connected with the bones of the hand. little gray in he had no his shoul- his skin was of a brownish colour. The parents of musical marvels were of the ordinary Li 1740 was born at Squoati. to his body. of well-proportioned parents. His abdomen was his contracted towards the lower part. nevertheless the lady assumed and retained the name of her intended. and his ders were broad. at which time his head was beard far two large body . Each hand had six of these shapeless fingers upon it. planned a marriage between Bebe and Souvray.346 GIANTOLOGT AND DWAEFUNA. and only thirty-three inches high. her advanced age. it his hair . and rounded." the elder by two years. a dwarf named Kitip. Comte.

He appeared at Bow Fair in the year bill 1766. like any other person. The lower part of his body was very flat. He walks.: THE LITTLE DWAEF. handles the broad sword. twenty-five years of age. and the back of it was somewhat concave. He spent the greater part of his in travelling over Europe. and the curious in general. bom without arms. and has had the honour to be presented before several princes. of tall and robust parents. terminating in life misshapen feet. could use it 347 so that he instead of a spoon to convey food to his legs. tell us. till nine at night. but very prominent shoulders and perfect hands. and his feet grew out of them sohdly. were very short. was born at Venice in 1741. or thighs. The latter each one had six toes. He had neither arms nor legs. during the time of the the surprising Itahan Dwarf. can read and write. similar in form to his fingers. when he issued the following exhibition " This is to acquaint the nobility. and appeared to belong to a man of five and a half high. princesses. sings several songs in various languages. His which the knees were entirely were short and broad. called the Little Dwarf. and exhibiting himself as a curiosity. He had several brothers. aU of whom were feet tall and weU made. it His body was not de- formed. beats the drum. The Wonderful Museumhj^ivbj. two feet six inches high. To be seen fi-om nine o'clock in the morning fair. Yet has feet and hands. and speaks different languages as well as any man . and wanting. legs. and others . in mouth. and ihe ties Curiosi- of Biography. gentry. that Marc Catozze.

and at the same time lowering his under jaw. As he could scarcely reach his mouth with the ends of his fingers. and. he took his tube in one hand. youth he travelled upon horseback. an object at some distance from him. and caught them with the other. he experienced great difficulty in reaching objects situated at a certain distance fi:om his hands. Although he could walk and stand upright on his feet. Working people. that had rendered him In by means of it he could take up a piece of money his fi-om a table. and the dexterity with which he threw up into the air sticks and other things with one of his hands. fixed so as to slide up and If he down. about three feet in length. through which passed an iron wished to lay hold of rod. he drew it towards him. back the hooked piece of iron this instrument into its The habit of using so dextrous. letting turning stick. for this purpose he used a particular kind of saddle. We fix no price to gentle- men and ladies. of tte nobility in Europe. he ." He attracted much public notice. and terminating in a very sharp hook. not only by the singularity of his form. but also by the astonishing strength of his jaws. nature had furnished him with the extraordinary power of protruding. 6d. it any way he pleased without go the but drawing sheath.348 GIANTOLOGY AiSD DWAEFtANA. and then seizing the object with the hook. 3d. wants in It was composed of a hollow piece of elder. He therefore contrived an instrument to supply his this respect. Tradesmen. by means of which he could feed himself without assistance.

. When to he went abroad he was sometimes drawn in a small vehicle by a man. was gay and merry. writing. During the last years of his life he resided at the hospital at Paris. He possessed a very robust constitution. near Charing-cross. He was very obstinate. and whom he gave a few half- pence him. The Daily Advertiser for November 2d. and performing other manoeuvres. He died at the age of sixty-two years. beating a drum. and spoke and wrote English. spirituous liquors. . support himself before on his stick. winding up his watch. He and frequently boasted that he had gained the affec- tions of several women. who never had the use of hands. French. 349 usually appeared in public holding the reins. took pleasure in relating his travels and adventures. German. and be- hind against any place that he happened to be near. had and re- diculous haughtiness. exercising with a musket. twenty-two years of age. a wonderful young man. 1742. arms. and in order to rest himself he used to turn out his toes as far as he could. He was much addicted to wine living. whom with he called his horse. of inflammation of the bowels. but he never suffered this servant to eat Notwithstanding that his lower extremities consisted only of his feet. tells us that there was to be seen at the Golden Cross. and was fond of good self-love. The vivacity of his disposition rendered his conversation very interesting. he could walk so far as three-quarters of a mile at one time. and Itahan very well.MAEC CATOZZE. having for two years previously had violent colic pains.

They were very good-looking. that they were enabled to ^ ti^ a fortune. and the woman was a native of Wales. taller. He was by Sir Hans Sloane and some members of the Royal Society. during which time they had a family of fourteen children. and her husband was . perfectly straight and well made. The man was at St. where they had many curious followers. husband and high wife.years. Ji^. These dwarfs were exhibited onlyi and in that period they were so extensivel. all of whom were weU-grown and healthy. this equipage they used frequently to drive in James's Park. The for- mer was . weighed but four stone and two pounds. He wrote well with his mouth several sorts of hands.^ djg^ profitably patronised. was two men. feet long. no larger than a child's chaise. In 1742 Robert and Judith Skinner. were exhibited in Westminster. in Yorkshire. and had as comely a face as most seen legs. forty-four years old. and cut and dealt them with mouth. He also played a his game of cards. or feet. born intelligent. They had macfe for them a small carriage. which was drawn by two dogs. They were married Church. In 1763 Mrs. Martin's at Rippon.350 GIANTOLOGT AND DWAEFIANA. Skinner died. In St. upon which they retired. twenty-three years before. and driven by a lad twelve years old. latter and two feet one inch and the was only one inch and jocose. attired in a purple and yellow livery. London. witty. and drew pictures or coats of arms to the greatest perfection.

At length. In October. Skinner and standing on either side of a man. She spoke French and Italian. when he had recovered from his sharpest any one to approach grief. one tall Mr. equally among his children. he returned to Eippon. of admirable symmetry. shoes. she . The male and frilled dwarf wears knee-breeches. left London. afflicted by his bereavement. SO mucli affected at her loss. 1773. which is He bequeathed his property. womanly. He would not him except an old womanservant. vivacious. on the mountain of Stata Ota. and created much public interest. limbs. . and carries In 1743 was born in Corsica. ture. pretty. A rude woodcut in an old magazine represents his wife in a furnished room. still to which he had taken a great distaste and. and apron.THE CORSICAN FAIKT. that 351 he secluded himself from all society for twelve months. skirt and the lady wears a hooped an open fan. shutting himself up in an apartment in his house. whom he had known from childhood. and weighed tweniy-six pounds. afterwards called sia. and yet fairy-like. and refusing ad- mittance even to his suffer own family. who was exhibited at the Arts Museum. in Cockspur-street. Madame Tere- the Corsican Fairy. his native place. London. when she was thirty-four inches high. he . She was an elegant little crea- exceedingly well proportioned in her spirited. was a great favourite with her visitors. a dwarf. in 1769. buckled cuffs . to said to have amomited twenty-two thou- sand pounds. where he died two years afterwards.

and sixty years of age. seven between is to whom and little putian Polander there folio be a comitry dance. 352 GIAH^TOLOGT AND DWAEFIAITA." A engraving represents the Polander.. in his surprising performances in balancing and otherwise. being only two feet ten inches high. was again ^exhibited in London. when her wholeIt was length portrait was engraved by Worlidge. reproduced in Wilson's Wonde/rful Clmracters and in Sraeeton's Biographia Curiosa. no common tavern tobacco-pipe. announcing the amusements at the says: " For an interlude derful little New Wells in Cler ken well. taller Jumpedo. An advertisement of tlae year 1746. and many letters. at Sadler's Wells. and pamphlets appeared. who can perform many wonderful equilibres on the slack or tight' a rope . 1822. his beard after tall Saxon wothe Lilli- man. An audience assembled to witness the This dupe feat. and in every his way proportionable. advertise- ments. a surprising dwarf. likewise he will transform his body in above . but the conjm-or did not attend. In 1749 the public were imposed on by a person who advertised that he would appear at the Hay- market Theatre. and get into a common wine-bottle. in twenty-four compartments. Polander. ridiculing the credulity of the public. caused much excitement at the time. Also the feet high. est curiosity in the is to be introduced the wonwho is allowed to be the greatmemory of man. Sig. and wears own country's fashion. Among the advertisements was than the following one Capitello : " Lately arrived from Italy.

1st. is made crooked straight with her naked feet. laid down on the ground. which 3dly.dwaef's clever performances. two acts. twelve. and her feet on another. after some time she flings off. men to stand upon her body. men strike with large hammers. and beat 5thly. : 1751. gratis. hammer. several exercises of rope-dancing also arrived the little and tumbling. in the Haymarket. He be spoke with at the Black Eaven in Golden till Lane every day from seven to all day long. She beats a red-hot iron that 2dly. in which pos- ture she speaks to the audience. and from two A newspaper of December 19th. viz. announced "At Boxes the new theatre in the Haymarket. An anvil is put on her body. and drinks a glass AA ." as follows this day. performs several curious things. 3s. and suffers a stone of 1500 hundred pounds weight to be on her breasts. in an equilibrium. who. wonders as ever the world wondered musician on is to would be willing to join in performance with that surprising Monday next.. by her extraordinary strength. gallery Is. in wiU be performed a concert of musick. ten thousand different shapes and postures . pit 2s.. Between There the acts of tlie concert wiU be given. and suffers five or six She puts her head on one chair. 353 and after half. he has diverted the spectators two hours and a he wOl open his mouth wide and jump down throat ! his own He. is A stone of an hunShe lies dred pounds weight to pieces with a put on her body. on which two 4thly. is woman from Geneva. being the most wonderfuUest wonder of at.

voice very low and hollow. and thirteen pounds in weight. but from the age of seven years he gradually declined and grew weaker. fifteenth year of was no more than two feet seven inches in la- height. pounds. then throws the stone off from her body mere lifts strength. To begin exactly at six o'clock. inward cough. and would attempt to than he was at sing and play about. losing his teeth by degrees. and his teeth were decayed and rotten. if not the age of fifteen years. about ten years of age. not unlike a hump- back. healthy woman in the prime of both said that he was naturally sprightly. without any assistance. His father. by- of wine. she an amal of 200 pound weight from the groimd with her own hair. so that his chin touched his his breast. hearing very bad . were dim. shoulders were raised. a hearty man. husky. the son of one Lewis Hopkins.354 GIANTOLOGY AND DWARFIAKA. state. well-grown. He was natm-ally shght. his eyes He his was weak and emaciated." The Philosophical Transactions who. for 3751 give an account of a dwarf. his countenance fallen and He had his a dry. He was so weals that he could not stand erect without support. He then weighed nineteen taller. Lastly. although weakly. his . a comely. He had a sister who was in the same declining He was the second son of a famUy of six . although he was entering the his age. life. his head hung down before. and his mother. and back rounded. and in due proportion. until he was seven years old. and who all boured under the infirmities of very old age. and was as tall.

gravity old age . We make some allowances for the discrepancies in the height and weight. by the Eev. children. hibited for In September. weighs but twelve pomids. 1751. his His stature represents true human miniature. He is the same individual as the one referred to in the Gentleman^s Magazine for December. all the curious by whom he is acknowledged to be one of the rarest and greatest prodigies now in the world. two doors below the King's Head. and gen- . he was publicly ex- money at Bristol. : The same individual was thus advertised in 1752 " Hopkins Hopkins. 1736. Harris. who^ffiFgiveiTgeneral satisfaction to that have seen him. yet in all respects proportionable. and for the better eonveniency of the nobility. rememwas exhe bering that in the first instance the dwarf amined and described critically. quality. in the Old Jewry . was two feet six inches high. E. Glamor- ganshire. the wonderful little Welchman. and was very proportionable. being a youth fifteen years of age. weighed only twelve pounds. by which we are informed that a dwarf from Grlamorganshire was then being exhibited in London. vicar of Lantrissent. and in the latter was reported his size as an exhibited prodigy. and therefore and gravity were sKghtly diminished. 355 He was baptised on January 29th. 1751. a curiosity far surpassing all others in this present age hitherto exposed to publick view. whose height is no more than is thirty inches. He is to be seen till Friday night.HOPKINS HOPKINS. He was in the fifteenth year of his age.

Albans-street. upholsterer. in Grlamorgandied of mere old age and decay of nature. three doors below is the King's Head. there to be seen the Wonderful Little Welchman.. who unanimously tion. for he all far surpasses other dwarfs that ever have been exposed to publick view. and has had each time a very handsome gave so much that in a short time they is present.. His stay there will be but short. all weighs but twelve pounds. in St. and appears with so much gravity as to represent the age of sixty years. he having the honour of being twice at Leicester House. yet able. especially to all her royal highness the Princess of Wales. the 25th of this instant. 356 GIANTOLOGY AND DWAEFIANA. who has given great satisfaction to the curious in divers parts of this kingdom. for a most curious and uncommon prodigy in nature being a youth in the fifteenth year of his age. at Mr. He he satisfaction to their royal highnesses must see him again . declared their surprise and admira- he being the greatest curiosity ever seen." In the same year he issued the following advertisement: "At a private house. in the Old Jewry. He . whose height is no more than two is foot six inches. Parish's. he will be to be seen on Saturday. for 1754 chronicles on March 19th in that year. near PaU Mall. try of that part of the town that are desii'ous to see him. and her royal family. in respects proportion- bears an exact symmetry. &c." The GenUemaiT^s Magazine his death shire. He was also shewn to the Eoyal Society.

of snuffers pendant from He is represented with a wig. Bett allows. representing a fine dwarf personating fifteen different characters. In 1752 was engraved the portrait of Little Will. and who was then about twelve years of age. Caulfield. Magazine for August. a white apron. but for three years before his decease he was no heavier than about twelve pounds. and in all dwarf brother when he was of her age. 1751.LITTLE WILL. and a pair its string. then may little Bett at last decree. drawing in Indian Amsterdam measure." Li 1751 a peasant of Friesland was exhibited for money at Amsterdam. at seventeen years 357 old. weighed only eighteen pounds. has reproduced this por- . had most of the marks of an advanced period of respects resembled her life. whom we have before referred to. In 1751 was executed a ink. and two months He never weighed more than nineteen pounds. He was then twenty-six years of age. 1819. in his ^Remarkable Persons. little As And wed a Uttle spouse. except one girl. all of whom were in no way difiPerent from others. 0. and only twenty-nine inches high. His parents had still five or six children left. is the following epigram on a very short but handsome Scots' In the lady: " If little things with little folks agree. a waiter at the Turk's Head coffee-house.

He had a large head. he was a man of sound sense and discernment. and bristly . bristles and which had a great resemblance . and pointing to a pair of ears like those which formerly belonged to a lip of a monstrous thickness. as round as a football. and over- shadowed by a pair of large eyebrows. The Turk's Head politician as the in Will's time was noted for the free discussion of polities. straight. and. 358 trait. contains a long account of the adventures. King of Lombardy. GIANTOLOGT AND DWAEFIANA. as if to render him more curious. furlittle rowed with wrinkles. the dwarf prime minister to Alboinus. formed of ten or twelve small wens. to the of a hog an extremely short forehead. thick. and he was almost as good a gentlemen whom he served. teeth. 1753. edged round with a border of bright carnation. adorned with red hair. : ance is thus described His personal appear" Bertholde had a large head. . Despite his personal defects. of Bertholde. The rest of his body was perfectly agreeable to the grotesque appearance . two blear eyes. a very short neck. which hung Mydas down on a chin that seemed to sink under the load of a beard. an habitual ti'ick of playing with his thumbs. made use of as brushes . The London Magazine for June. and very awkwardly and clumsily limhed. not from which proceeded two long crooked unlike the tusks of a boar. a flat red resembling an extinguisher a wide mouth. which nature had adorned with a kind of necklace. very straight. He was of a squat figure. also a full-length portrait. which upon occasion might be nose..

rona. at parents. the agreeableness. and his having to give ten children. to foot^he 359 that. -astonished at his brusque humour and fi-ank wisdom." In his youth he went to Verona to seek his fortunes. and a son under twenty-five years old. so that he might retain repose and tranquillity. he fiind of wit which sufficiently made him amends for the poverty of his parents and the deformity of his person.DWAEF PEIME •of his -visage. who had ." " Bertholde was born of poor called Bertagnona.. Early in the reign of George III. from head was a kind of monster. and idtimately his He smrvived to the age of seventy wife when he had a life named Marcolfa. which com- menced in 1760. period of his At that advanced is he made his wiU. she had recompensed him by the and the solidity of the subtlety. form than to a human creatreated But though nature had respect to his him so ill with body. made him a member prime minister. mind she had united to it. he says that he preferred to remain poor. the quests therein frifling belittle made show that he possessed very property . of his court. years. who. so MINISTER. would not permit the good man them the had a But as for Bertholde. who by his deformity and the hair with which he was covered had a greater resemblance to a bear half licked into ture. The small fortune of his least education. which full of dry wit and worldly knowledge . in a village some miles distance from Vefather. and there introduced himself to the king. died Cornelius Caton. in fact.

however. who was well known about the streets of London early in the present century under the name of Eaymondo. pleasantry. was so through the gradations of potboy. About 1765 was bom at Lisbon George Eo- mondo. and became a public his portrait. and waiter at a country inn. was very successful. in consequence of his wit. and singular appearance. He was about three feet six inches in height. Paul's. a feet dealer in calves. Beckham engraved sale. and was entirely straight He had only one arm and handy with which. stable-helper. in which he character. of Beauchamp St. He- very diminutive in stature that he might have He passed rivalled some of the exhibited dwarfs. He gave- . cocked before and hanging down behind. a few days before. money to enable him to take the house at Eichmond. in Surrey. he could make a pen and buckle his shoes without stooping. had not any joint at his knees. and it had a great It has been copied in the Curiosities of Biography. 1845. He usually wore a large hat. who was no more than three to his hip-bone. and a longskirted coat. There was scarcely any kind of sound which he was not capable of imitating. and his face was very odd-looking.360 GIANTOLOGT AND DWAEFIANA. A newspaper of November 17th. at in Essex. obtained great notoriety as the keeper of the White- Lion tavern at Eichmond. each of his legs and thighs formed the segment of a circle. announced the death. and a half high. where he saved enough. an eccentric mimic. Edward Jay. 1764.

Li 1766 John Ford. the horn. records the death. at Liege. The GentlemarCs Magazine for 1766 says that on only forty-six years May 17th in that year a man who measured and was thirty-four inches in height. aged nineteen years. and he appeared Bartholomew Fair in 1804. and the sounds of almost other animals. of a woman feet aged one hundred years. at He got his living by dis- playing his powers at public-houses. came to our garden near Tran- quebar a Moorish or Mahometan priest. were The Annual Register for 1767 cites a letter from the 10th of the East Indies. the braying of asses. feet three inches high. old. arrived at the house of the Russian ambassador. and five feet six inches high. and had never been able to walk without crutches. This dwarf was a native of North Lapland. a dwarf. that of aged forty-five years. under the date of February. His portrait is given in Kirby's Wonderful Museum. The Annual Register for 1765. and other instruments. the violin. and Biddy Can. the grunting of hogs. 361 the tones of the trumpet. and three married at Galway. an ordinary child of four years misshapen. which says that " On September. and the sawing of wood. the barking of all dogs. that he was not at all seemed as well proper- . but his limbs What was all remarkable in this case was. 1766. the drum. aged twenty years. his size was scarce old. who was only two eight inches high. the bagpipe.DWAEF PRIEST.

says that " a few days ago was married Mr. and had resided in London viously. The former Governor of Madras had his image cast in brass. 4. tioned from head to foot as those of any other person. including his cart. who was then living. wearing an apron to conceal the deformity of his legs. who became a well-known character in London streets. near Bankside. gives an engraving. did not exceed two feet some few inches. little He sang in the Persian." On February 10th. who retailed fish in the Surrey-road. dated 1813. in his Wonderful Museum. 1768. which he liked very well. Paris-gardens. the EngKsh dwarf. for twenty years pre- He had lodged for four years at No. was born at Dundee Andrew Whiston." The London Chronicle of February 16th. Kirby. where he used to push himself about on a small cart which moved upon horrible wheels. to Miss Mary Crow. liimself could not be persuaded to go to Euin our plantation to look He . His whole height. since the dwarf rope.362 GIANTOLOGY AND DWAKFIANA. Marshall. Richard Mallard. 1770. and . of this dwarf. He was jilted in love by a Mrs. the widow of a waterman. where her deformed admirer plied his vagrant trade of a pen-dealer and beggar. both of Crane-lane. one of our on account of a disorder in people carried him in his arms like a child. walked a little about him but as walking was troublesome to him his breast. but understood very of the Malabar language. After accepting presents from him. the L'ish Lilliputian.

Andrew Winston.DWAEF KINa OF THE BEGGAES. she abandoned the match. with a por- . not- withstanding her previous hopes of sharing his hoard of money. King of trait. naming the 363 happy day. in consequence of the ridicule of her friends. In 1826 was pubKshed the History of the Beggars.

Thomas Cartwright— Dwarf


at Paris— Shropshire Dwarf— Roger» —Thomas Carter—Peter Bono—William Boram— Sir Jeffrey

—Mayors of Garratt— Sir Harry Dimsdale—Thomas —Lady Morgan, the Windsor Fairy—Amusing Letter from her—Woman in Miniature—The Great Contrast—Mrs. Kelly, the Irish Fairy—Normandy Dwarf—Ann Clowes—Whitelamb — Miss Puimont — Akeneil, German Dwarf — Simon Paap Wybrand Lolkes— Peter Davies — Calvin Philips—^Aged Polish Dwarf in Eussia—Bums and Dwarfs— The Town Steeple—The Black Dwarf— David Eitchie — Hay, Dwarf M.P. — La Grandeur— Norfolk Fairy—Yorkshire Little Man—Little Jenny Portuguese Dwarf — Peter Dauntlow — Dwarf in Norfolk Dwarf Mother— Crutchy Jack — John Hauptman — Nannette Stooker— Paris Dwarf—Miss Smith— Leach—hisFeats — Elizabeth Ealph — Dwarf Stone — Captain Starkey—Yorkshire marAllen


— Caroline Crachami —







An7iual Register for 1773 records the death of

Thomas Cartwright, at Leicester, in March in that year. He was twenty-four years old, measured only
thirty-six inches in height,

and never had any


In 1774 the public were shown

at the fair of St.

Germaine, in Paris, a female dwarf, twenty years of
age, and only twenty-eight inches high.

She was



but her voice and manners were in-



time died at


in Shropshire, a

lame and deformed woman, named Mary Jane,


was only thirty-two inches high.







have before us an engraving by Nilson, in

1775, representing Catharina Helena Stoberin,


was born

at Niirnberg.

She was seventeen years of

age, and only two feet four inches in height.
depicted standing upon a table in a

room near

an open window; and she wears a
a ribbon.

body, short sleeves, and her hair tied behind with

The Annual Register


1776 records the death,
of Mr. Bogers,

on April 28th was four
that year


that year,

master of the Sun alehouse in the Borough, who
feet three inches high.

The same work



says, that in

October of



who was about

years of age, and only three feet four inches high,


newspaper of October 3d, 1777, records

that on "







Carter, the dwarf,

who was shewn
three feet


He was

about twenty-five

years of age, and

when ahve was only

four inches high.

It is supposed that his drinking


at the fair occasioned his death."

The Scoti Magazine


December, 1779, con-

tains the following epigram on a pigmy's death,

by Dr. Spratt
" Bestride

an ant a pigmy great and tall alas, and got a deadly fall. Under th' unruly beast's proud feet he lies.

Was thrown,
All torn
' ;

but yet with generous ardour cries, Behold, base envious world, ^now, now laugh on For thus I fall, and thus fell Phaeton.'


In 1780 was published a woodcut of Peter Bono,

a dwarf three feet two inches high.

William Boram, a dwarf three
thirty-six years,

feet high,


was buried on June 11th, 1780, in

Putney churchyard.
maker, a

He was by

trade a basket-


of weak intellect, and a great drinker.

His voice was harsh

head was disproportionably


whole person was rather thick ; he moved

about with

and did not enjoy good



well-known character about London, in the
Sir Jeffrey Dunstan, the

century, was


Mayor of


The inhabitants of Grarratt, a between Wandsworth and Tooting,

had certain rights in a small common.

rights having been encroached upon, the inhabit-


in conclave, elected a president, resisted

the encroachment,

and ultimately restituted their
happening at the time of a
resolved that the president

This event

general election,

it was mayor should hold

during the con-

tinuance of Parliament,

and be reelected with a
in this

new one


and afterwards the paraphernalia of a

serious election

was parodied



In 1781 nine candidates contested for the socalled borough,

one being Jeffrey Dunstan, an itine-

rant buyer and seller of old wigs,

who turned


to be one of the most popular of the candidates that

ever appeared on the Garratt hustings

he being

returned the


for three

successive parlia-

As was

usual with the pseudo-mayors of


the borough, he adopted the prefix of a
title to




and being a humorist, possessing a fund

of vulgar wit, and having an extremely grotesque

manner and personal appearance, he commanded


public attention.

Previously to his election

he had been long


about the streets of London by his loud

and whimsical manner of crying


" old


usually carried his wig-bag over his



also his

custom to walk about
to the, waist, his stock-

wearing his


and vest open

his breeches unbuttoned at the knees,


ings ungartered.

He was

dwarfish in size, and
to Ins




head was disproportioned

body; and


countenance was



never appeared without a train of boys

and curious persons,


he entertained with his

of wit, shrewd sayings, and smart repartees,
collected suf-

and from whom, without begging, he


maintain his

much -assumed

dignity of

mayor and

In four successive years, 1777 to 1780


Hall, of the City-road, a preserver of animals, exhibited at Bartholomew Fair stuffed birds and beasts

and, in order to obtain notice, he engaged Sir Jeffrey
to give his imitations of




" old wigs

;" but

he did not draw much custom.

In the height of

popularity an

attempt was


to bring

him out upon

the stage in the part

of Doctor Last, at the Haymarket Theatre.




arniouncement of his appearance drew a crowded
house; but, notwithstanding the laborious tutoring

which he had been previously subjected, he broke
the curtain

down when

drew up; and,
off the

faltering in

he was hissed


In 1795

several tradesmen's tokens

which bore Sir




used to speak of his daughters as Miss Dinah

beautiful Miss

Nancy, the


being elevated

Lady Ann

after she

married Lord Thompson,
Sir Jeffrey

a dustman of Bethnal-green.
respecter of persons, and

was no was


so severe in his jokes

on the corruptions of men
1793 he was

in office, that he

prosecuted for using seditious expressions; and in
tried, convicted, this

and imprisoned.

consequence of

and of some charges of

dishonesty which were brought against him, he lost
his popularity,


at the contest for the election

of mayor in

1796 he was beaten by Sir Harry

Dimsdale, a deformed dwarf,

better than


who used


cry muiSns in the streets of

Soho, and who, being the last mayor of Garratt,
died about 1809. rehearsing

Sir Jeffrey

was in the habit of
and giving




imitations of popular



in Whitechapel, in

company with Eay, a
for Garratt.


Sir Charles Hartis, a deformed fiddler

and an un-

successM candidate



days of this

man were


by him,


poverty and misery, in a wretched shed



near to Mile-end turnpike, in Bethnal-green, where

he died from excessive drinking in 1797.



wrote a gossiping paper upon Sir Jeffrey,
the writer

in which



beggary of the

dwarf's last years.


coloured print gives a por-

of Sir Jeffrey, with the following motto beneath


you've got money you're look'd upon But when you've got none you may go along."

The lady mayoress of Garratt, Sir Jeffrey's wife, survived him twenty-one years and upon her death she was, in November, 1818, interred in the grave

of her husband in Whitechapel churchyard.


on her





died at

the age of one hundred and one years.


standing her wretched


she retained her

to the last.

One season

was announced

that a caravan

Bartholomew Fair contained Mr. Thomas Allen,




had, at the

man ever before the Lyceum in the Strand,
Dukes of York and "Also

excited in the breasts

of the

Clarence sensations of wonder and delight.

Miss Morgan, the celebrated Windsor Fairy, known

London and Windsor by




Morgan, a


his Majesty

was pleased

confer on her.

This unparalleled


in the

35th year of her age, and only 18 pounds weight.

Her form

affords a pleasing surprise,

and her adShe was inBB

mirable symmetry engages attention.




troduced to their Majesties at the Queen's Lodge,

Windsor, on Saturday the 4th of August, 1781, by the recommendation of the late Dr. Hunter; when
they were pleased to pronounce her the
finest display

of human nature in miniature they ever saw. But we shall say no more of these wonders of nature let those who honour them with their visits judge
for themselves.

Let others boast of stature, or of birth, This glorious truth shall fill our souls with mirth


That we now are, and hope for years to sing. The emallest subjects of the greatest king.'


to ladies

and gentlemen,



it is


and many other parts of the




show deformed per-

sons, with various

and deceptions, under decouple are, beyond contra-

nominations of persons in miniature, to impose on
the public.
diction, the



most wonderful display of nature ever

held out to the admiration of mankind.

" N.B. The above
will attend at




with her, and
if re-

any lady or gentleman's house,



engraving by J. Mills, in 1803, in the au-

thor's possession, represents

Morgan, holding each
tleman was then
three inches high

other's right hand.

Thomas Allen and Lady The genand three

thirty-five years old,

and the lady was

forty-five years

of age, and three feet in height.

The former wears

a wig with a long loose


a coat, and hessian






wears a poke bonnet, a long;

skirted dress,

and high-heeled shoes
carries a fan.

and in her

hand she

Tlie artist has depicted

her as being very aged in the

The European Magazine,
tains a dramatic sketch, in

for August, 1809, con-

which one scene



on the stage of a
to Johnson, a


Bayes, a stage poet, says

town gentleman, " You have heard
the short

of the


man and
latter I

woman ?"



" The


Bayes answers,


mind me.

I shall have her here presently."

prompter here announces the arrival of some whereupon Bayes says, " I wish the short



be amongst them.

Mr. Coupler wants to bring

her and the
a match."






never be

This sketch gave rise to the following



from Lady Morgan, the dwarf, which

appeared in the same magazine for the next month,

and which shows that she understood the invocation
of the weaver of Ealmarnock

" The Lord

gie us a

gude conceit




" Smithfield, Sept. 3, 1809.



—As I have only come



for a


days, which indeed I usually do at this season of

the year, I

naturally inquisitive respecting


circumstance arising in this metropolis that
afford as I




my friends

in the country


know of no

better directing-post than the sup-

porter of the European Magazine, which correctly


finger towards the different roads of fact^
to that object as

humour, or absurdity, I apphed
to a sure guide ; but

upon an inspection of your
that I


— —I must confess

for your works are numbered like mile-

was a good deal surchosen to

prised to find that you have



with the short woman, and


more hurt

to learn


friends will have




designated by that
to take those


and that you have dared

with me,


they say the judicious


ager chose from the pigmy race to lengthen out a




leave, sir, to say, I flatly


I never saw the Irish Giant, if

man you mean

him, but once in

my life

by the tall (it was at



when I admired him for his

size, as

else did

but, therefore, to suppose that a matriis

monial treaty betwixt us was on the tapis
height of absurdity.

the very




any more truth

in the report that the late

Mr. Lambert had made


of the same nature to
said take



though the




which I would



as broad

was long.

Respecting the

assertion, that

I had been called on like a dwarfish page to hold up
the draggled
other reports.

of a burletta,


is as false as


The short woman, whomsoever she




no relation of mine


if I

had ap-

peared upon the stage alluded to they would certainly
(as this note

have had at

least the


ternal appearance of wit: ay,

and of wit

as it al-

ways should be



in a small compass,

and al- though there is no truth in the story that one of in a clothes-trunk. rather than of vanity. splendid. you see. as neither here nor there. However. hero mentioned in the Guardian (No.. guides therefore I have only to request that my pen will set you the public right with regard to me. the little am a person of no small My grandfather was Timothy Tuck. was the little beau of the last age. . Esq. to correct the error that is you have This that. the more necessary. like —what nothing that this is been lately published. so well known in the lover." * Vide page 316. yet the thing effect. 373 1 a kind has ofj pocket volume.. as I can assure you although diminutive. Thus. Of myself I shall say but little the impulse of correction. the little by a lady of purloining her sizzars-sheath to make him a scabbard for his sword. Esq.. them shut him up might have been a dramatic sir. my great-uncle who was Thomas Tiptoe. my father.: LETTER FROM A DWAEF. 92*) . I importance. maliciously accused green-rooms for pestering the actresses . I have a line of ancestry to boast. let plaint me return to the com- which I have set forth merely to request you fallen into. Eagotin Tuck. I mean splendid in : its records. though not certainly great. nor shall you or your publisher in future even so much as squeeze the little finger of " Ladt Morgan. Esq. or I declare I will never hereafter consider either you or your least works with the degree of favour.

of June 20th. us of a marriage at the end of August in that . She is possessed of a great deal of vivacity and spirit. 374 GIANTOLOGT AND DWAEFIANA. the cor- ner of the Haymarket and Piccadilly. her form aflfords a pleasing surprise. tells for September. The nobility and gentry are hereby acquainted that their stay will be short.. the astonishing Irish Giant. 1784. well proportioned. a Surprising Little Woman. twenty-two ing and is well proportioned her surpris- littleness makes a striking impression on the spec- tator's mind. Also arrived in Minia- from abroad. Woman . measures no more than thirty-two inches." A handbill of the same period called public attention to Ireland. sight. the most Curious ture. the comer of the Haymarket and ishing Giant." The Gentleman's Magazine. the Aston- Man Also to be seen same and place. surprising at the first littleness makes a striking impression. and to be seen at the Just arrived from late Bird-shop. whose height surpasses the Patagonian tO' with admirable symmetry of body. and esteemed be the most proportioned ever seen. or Tall at the is Piccadilly.. " The Great Contrast. aged . Her She twenty-two years of age. advertised that A newspaper there was " to be seen at the late Bird-shop. 1782. spectator's mind. and but thirty-four inches is high. their and her admirable symmetry engages attention. on the Nothing disagree- able either in person or conversation is to be found in her . as they have the most pressing invitations to go to Paris.

* The heart of a young man. Cornwall. John Sepulchre.THE lEISH FAIRY. near Spalding. this female at to Marazion. on October 15th Berry- street. St. at the age of . at the mediately after they had dissolved About gianfs fifteen hundred persons were present nuptials. Norwich. Cotter. in She has some years company with a man who calls himself the Irish Giant. Hymen claimed both the prodigies imcopartnership. Mr. Hilary. alias. where he persuaded her to leave her gigantic companion. being travelled only 34 inches high. Col- O'Burne. be the Miss Mary Anne Merton-sea-End. the Irish Giant. its as about twelve months after celebration she died in giving birth to her Register first child. and a compound of the names Byrne and O'Brien. The little lady's marriage was very unfortunate. near Marazion." If such fact. was inflamed by Totness. a the who goes by name of the Irish Fairy. a whence he pursued her dealer in Manchester goods. of " By special license at Wisbech. year: girl 375 "At St." This giant was probably the same person as the one whose marriage Magazine for the : is mentioned in the GentlemarCs same month to as having taken place on the 11th ston. in the death. both of He was whom took a rival of Byrne and the name of O'Brien.^ The cognomen of O'Burne was most Hkely an adopted for show purposes. the Annual and the Scots^ Magazine for 1785 record or 18th. * Vide page 170. and both together exhibited a striking contrast. Thus.

little HA at th '^^^ ^ more masculine than that of a chiefly monosyllables. cats. and she was then regarded ever seen. ihe same size . March 31st. Donne. chiAio. caused a vast number of people to see her. and sometimes He seemed to be occupied with nothing." holding a flower in her date. twenty-nine years and two months. of a remarkable dwarf. called as the greatest curiosity An octavo engraved portrait of a dwarf "The Fairy Queen. and would laugh. it was published without Probably represents Mrs. he was commonly melancholy. Morgate. every appearance of a child of three years old his . and sheep . the smallness and good proportion of her figure. Kelly. who was only She was that morning. thirty-four the noted Irish Fairy. The child lived about Mrs. and Rigby. inches high. of Mrs. The Gentleman's Magazine date of in for 1783. Kelly had been two hours after its birth. a half long and weighing seven pounds.wo feet four inches and three lines high. under the HayneviUe. by Messrs. shown in Norwich some time previously to her death. delivered of a lai'ge and full-grown child. age of twenty-one years. but he scarcely spoke more than single words. although cried. and those were to things He imitated the cries of dogs. named Louis Graneu *''%J. twenty-two inches and about six hours before her death. without deformity. records the death at at the Normandy. and had .376 GIANTOLOGT AND DWARFIANA. Catherine Kelly. and the circumstance of her being pregnant. right hand. pointed with his hand which he knew .

tall second. To which he answered short persons great ones. healtli 377 was bad . Although he was all his life. about eight The Scots' Magazine. She measured three weighed about and forty -eight pounds. and the bride . old. feet nine inches in height. announced the marriage. in Derbyshire. to Miss H. at Eipley church." About this time died Thomas Coates. not crooked. may stand upright where tall ones cannot. aged one hun- died at Matlock. The Annual dred and Register for 1784 says. 1785. says there were " Two very that a tall gentleman. Anne Clowes. when he came and seemed not to have any bones. place. His mother said he was exinto the world. thi-ee years. of the same couple. then lately conversing with a short one. in that year. he drew Ms breath hard. of Burnet' Yates. of Robert Long. Eeynard.AMJE CLOWES. There was a great disparity both in the age and in the size of this the bridegroom being seventy-three years six feet and more than high. The house in as diminutive which she resided was in proportion feet square. he was much deformed for The European Magazine. and had no perceivable tremely weak pnlse. containing only one room. March. first. short people may be assisted by ones on many occasions. as herself. asked him what advantages : in being short. on the 5th of that month. 1783. who was on Au- only forty inches high. for April. where taU persons could not be helped by short ones. that gust 5th.

who was exhi- It represents Eich- ard Kelham "Whitelamb standing at the door of a sedan-chair." This is the only instance of a dwarf combining a quack trade with his exhibition of himself that we have met with. 1787. formerly in is the collection of Mr. little being twenty years of age. of his age . each. 1763.. on which written. taken in 1787. register of curate. All who have seen him allow him ' to be the greatest curiosity they ever saw. tlemen what they please. 1786. and increasing the growth. son of Richard tized Kelham Whitelamb. contains an ." runs as follows: "To be seen [a blank in which the place of exhibition to be filled in].. —John Leroo. Wisbech. for strengthening the hair. as appears St. and feet in height. Ladies and gen- July 19. A. 1788. at the shortest notice. "23d at Aug. the English dwarf. Richard Kelham White- lamb.M.' This wonderful prodigy of nature will wait upon ladies or gentlemen.378 GIANTOLOGT AND DWAEFIANA. A newspaper of June 11th. and weighs thirty-two pounds. Tradesmen threepence At the same place may be had his infallible balsam. Peter's. is now in the twenty-second year is straight. was This amaz- ing prodigy of nature was born at Wisbeach. in Cambridgeshire. more than three Morley. was bapby the parish December 29. at their own houses. in his Bartholomew Fair. and well made . gives us a copy of a pen-and-ink sketch of a dwarf bited at the fair. Hazlewood. A handbill of this dwarf. only thirty- four inches high.

Also to be seen at the same place. Malgr6 sa petite structure. esprit a le plus. that wonderful production of nature fairy.: 379 advertisement of a wonderful giant at : "To be seen No." The author has a scarce and well-finished French engraving by Alessandri. and active. Le sieur Akenheil [the above engraving says Akeneil] a vingt huit pouces justes de haut . and retained About May. name was Akeneil. qui r^volrent le public. undated. which represents a neat and pretty male dwarf. ce n'est point de ces Stres difformes. & son corps a le moins. and he learned easily. and had not growii he was five years old. Le Petit Homme de la soins De la Son bienf aisante nature. 24 Charing Cross. the celebrated twenty-two years of age. Foret Noire. and that he was born in Germany. Ce nain n'a pas ^ se plaindre des Avis. teUs us knapsack. He was fifteen years of age. thirty inches in height. dressed in military costume and a wig. a sword. Miss Pinmont. and but thirty-four inches high. en tromp- . lively. 1788. holding in his hat. and in French. bayonet. this dwarf was exhibited in Paris. his Imowledge. where he issued the following advertisement " Par permission du Eoi & de Monsieur le Lieutenant General de Police. He was very beau- gay. left hand a plumed flag and standing on a terrace beside a In the foreground lie and a drum. taller since tifiJ. that his The superscription. in the Black Forest.

about 1815. but his size.380 GIANTOLOGY ASD DWAEFIANA. French. when he mained ceased to grow. His father was a fisherman. voir chez elles le seront quand eUes le jugeront a propos. but moderate. il r^pond a toutes adroitement les questions sur la geographie. De prix sols. Previously to his arrival in England. were all Simon was a fine thriving child until he attained the age of three years. and was fond of his pipe and pinch of snuiF. depuis dix heures jusqu'^ deux heures. and weighed only twenty-seven pounds. who of the ordinary height. and besides this son had four other children. the dwarf Simon Paap. le Les personnes qui desireront avertir. . Italien. Toutes les ant sa curiosity. & Allemand. and seldom exceeded that of a child of three or four years old. He was handsome and his weU-proportioned in his Hmbs and body. and from that period re- stationary. He took his wine affable without excess." On May 25th. du matin & depuis quatre heures du soir jusqu'k neuf heures. II fait des tours de physique des places est de 24 & I'exercice militaire. parties de son corps sont dans les plus justes proportions. II parle tres bien Francois. 1789. namely two sons and two daughters. On pourra le voir tous les jours an Palais Royal. and English lan- guages. in Holland. tive. At twenty-six years he did not exceed twenty-eight inches in height. He was extremely and communica- and spoke the Dutch. head was rather large for His appetite was freely. was horn at Zand Voort.

He exhibited himself in England. and white silk stockings. Dr. He twice appeared at Covent-garden Theatre. contains the following advertisement " Ram . Weeklt/ Messenger of September 8th. GyngeU Lord Mayor on September 1815. where he received some valuable presents. May 5th. where he caused a sensation among the curiosity -seekers of the day. in and was exhibited in the course of four days Smithfield to upwards of twenty thousand persons. : 1816. about 1815. to the He was introduced by Mr. with buckles in his shoes. in which he fired off a When off duty he appeared in the as a streets West-end dressed like a boy of about four years his hand. being a present to him from the princess. Inn. platoon exercise. In England he silk. white silk waistcoat. portrait of tifio On his left side he wore a miniature it Prince of Orange set in gold. his novel exhibition of the where he went through manual and small gun. the Prince Regent. 1815. and on was ornamented with two large gold his fingers were several rings. Daniel 1st. dress The front of his buttons. 381 he publicly exhibited himself in Holland. Nottingham. Robert Bigsby teUs us that he saw Paap in a caravan in the market-place.SIMON PAAP. at the old. and generally with a small whip in A female The nursemaid was always with him for the purpose of screening him from public notice. at Carlton and the whole of the royal family House. He was on presented to the Queen. appeared wearing a jacket of blue large loose breeches of blue figured satin of the Dutch cut.

Mr. and in the Biographia Curiosa. and the There is capital letters were veiy much flourished. The same entertainments will be ex- Edmonton Fair on Saturday next. will be the smallest man exhibited. A corre- spondent of Notes and Queries for July 14th. 1850. Paap was at the 16th and 17th." engraved in Kirby's Wonderful Museum. Simon Paap. age 28 years. weighs only 27 lb. and two following evenings After which." Oxford in 1818.3b2 GIANTOLOGY AND DWAEFIANA. at a public sale held at Haar- . Paap. owing to the West SmitMeld. and on Monday and Tuesday. age 29 years. flattering very encouragement he experienced at his new Jubilee PaviUion during the Fair able by the most respect- company. Monday. lbs. is induced to exhibit the whole of his entertainments at the mechanical and scientific Eam Inn. and also a fac-simile of his auto- graph : " Mr. The Algemeen Handelsblad for May 9th. 1822. Mr. in the world. in height His portrait is also 28 inches. also at Croydon Fair on the 2nd and 3rd of October. His custom was to present his visitors with his autograph. on which Paap " Mr. said he possessed a scrap of paper had written." It was written in a rather small but distinct hand. 1860. and in the same year he was at Bartholomew Fair. weight 27 and 27 years hibited at old. West Smithfield. being only 28 inches in height. to-morrow. in his presence. says that in that month. dated 1817. in height 28 inches. Gyngell. an engraved portrait of this dwarf in Morley's JBartholomew Fair.. weighs only 271b. Simon Paap.

by the interest of some friends. in West Friesland.WTBEAND LOLKES. failing. to Rotterdam. in the He was bom at Jelst. stones on Two marble a pillar in the porch of the Brouwer's chapel. to He then came England. At an a taste for mechanism. a He appeared at the Amphitheatre. and commenced business on his when he removed own the Here he became acquainted with he afterwards married. year 1730. and when sufficiently grown up. his apprenticeship. He was one his of the eight children of a poor fisherman. Paap died at Dendermonde on December 2d. He first proceeded to at London. Mequignon. a inches. engraved by P. was published in 1790. placed with an eminent watch and clock maker at Amster- dam. he was. to learn the art of horology. indicate the size of this dwarf and of Daniel Cajanus the giant. on Easter .in Haarlem cathedral. The portrait of Wybrand Dutch dwarf twenty-seven inches high. by Westminster-bridge. 1828. a shoe which had belonged to Paap was sold. whose slipper the former overtopped by only a few Lolkes. and by attending the various Dutch he obtained a handsome competency. and was engaged by Philip Astley weekly salary of five guineas. 383 lem. wo- man whom watchmaker self as a fairs His trade of a he commenced to exhibit him- show. both parents and all their other children being of the orearly age he gave proofs of dinary stature. he was visited there by crowds of people. and landuig at Harwich. He continued in the service of his master for four years after he had completed account.

rests his three-cornered hat. and could with the greatest ease spring to from the ground on a chair of ordinary height. a son. when sixty five feet seven inches in height. knee-breeches. lived to the age of twenty-three years. wife beside him. and was extremely vain of himself. he was very dignified in his maimer. she was compelled to stoop considerably in his. with his tall. to the level of which the top of his wig just reaches. He continued in England only one season. but although he elevated his arm. and Madame Lolkes. and pub- A lished portrait of him. in 1790. young by Wilkes. He was always accompanied by his wife. possessed unusual strength. and was Lolkes. He had by her three children. fi:om West Friesland. by whom he had christened. and by the help of his salary and a good benefit he returned to his native country with a large sum of money. He had rather a morose temper. the celebrated man in miniature. was only twenty-seven inches high and notwithstanding his clumsy and awkward ap- pearance. and buckled shoes. Fillinham had in . was remarkably agile. and continued to exhibit there every evening during the season. pretty. Mr. and on a table. his wife." three children. Monday. was engraved by 0. who came on to the stage with him hand-in-hand. one of years of age. is all live-bom and This dwarf represented in a wig. order that her hand might reach whom.. Johnson. and while discoursing in broken English. It is subscribed: "Mynheer Wybrand Lolkes. 384 GIANTOLOGY AND DWAEFIAITA.

mother. 385 His and his wife's portraits are given in Wilson's Won- derful Characters. was born at Bridgewater. At half. 1791. including active. with O'Brien. after which period he ceased to eight his height was twenty-six inches grow. had a good appetite. and in Smeeton's Biographia Cu- In 1791 appeared an engraving. playful. used to carry him in her bosom while she was spinning. and escaped aU infantine complaints except the whooping-cough. without pain. . an Irish dwarf. He was weaned age of seven months. he was two years old he grew very slowly five years thence he increased in height more perceptibly until he was of age. and he wards had the usual number. his thigh being no thicker than a man's thumb. his collection a private etching of this dwarf. by Burt. On January 14th.CALVIN PHILIPS. From his birth until . He was very healthy. his clothes. to talk until he was four years His teeth came after- at ten or eleven months. riosa. and to walk at eighteen months. a dwarf named Calvm His who at his birth scarcely weighed two pounds. He was very and much devoted to childish sports. in the State of Massachusetts. who was three feet six inches high. a poor woman. but on the contrary was His figure was well CO most symmetrically shaped. irascible. He was in no way deformed. but he did not begin old. and a and his weight twelve pounds. Philips. began to crawl at nine months. the L'ish giant. which he had at the favourably. representing Peter Davies. sprightly.

aged stature. They had five other children. Early in the present century. Dr. and matured beHis hair and complexion were yond his years. tells us of an aged female dwarf. in his work upon the An- of Russia. Matthew Guthrie. particularly engaged my attention. and his speech delicate. was twenty-four years of age when this child was born and his mother. and his face. light. although long. and was regular. in the house of a venerable nobleman. agreeable. and his mental attainments. 1795. both being sound and healthy. He " One woman. where he was under the care of his maternal grandfather and grandmother —the former of whom was a fifty-six. who was living. and whom I have the honour of frequently seeing. thin. his voice shrill. his eyes blue. Calvin was exhibited in New York. and used to caU her his puppet. who was about the middle size. height. formerly attached to Peter the Great. in 1794. at a nobleman's says : house in that country. all of whom were healthy and of the usual size. who was rather above the ordinary His father. which the little creature is still proud of relating. large and robust man. and the latter was about the middle tiquities and aged fifty-four. proportioned.. From an inscription . had been neg- were not up to the ordinary standard of boys of his years. less articulate than was common with boys at his age. 386 GIAITTOLOGY AND DWAEFIANA. the cultivation of which lected. He was reserved to strangers. was twenty-six. and before 1810. The emperor took pleasure in viewing this dwarf.

and when she died General Betsshows her to be nearly a koy. AGED DWARF IN RUSSIA. the princess's heir. after an abode of eighty years in Russia.wand to be .: . having the use of her eyes. She is at this day (Oct. and teeth." The poet Burns (1759-1796) has given us two fancy sketches of dwarfs. 1794) without any infirmity of age. Feathers of a flee wad feather up his bonnet. knoiv Whoe'er thou art. in the possession of her present appears that she was first made . under her master. prisoner by Prince Mentchicoff after whose disgrace she came into the hands of the Princess of of in Poland war Hesse-Hombm-g heritance. . Seen from behind she would five or six years old. 15. took her as part of his in- The inscription is still century full old. reader. which often happens to her at the recollection of her ancient court dress. Wee Willie Gray and his leather wallet Twice a lily flower will be him sark and cravat Feathers of a flee wad feather up his bonnet. " One is "On wee Johnie :" Hie jacet wee Johnie. with an infantine voice when she cries. legs." : Peel a willow. which she regrets exceedingly." I The other "Wee is upon " Wee Willie Gray :" Willie Gray and his leather wallet him boots and jacket The rose upon the brier will be him trouse and doublet. That death has murder'd Johnie An' here his body lies fu' low For eaul he ne'er had ony.— . it 387 portrait. be taken for a child of an age that her stature indicates. The rose upon the brier will be him trouse and doublet. She brisk and lively.

working at from all of which he was chased by the disagreeable attention that his hideous singularity of form and face at- tracted wherever he went. Ritchie resolved to retreat therefore settled himself some sanctuary where he might be at peace. and." married a girl who A was a little shorter than himself. Sir Walter Scott founded his novel entitled the Black Dwarf. He upon a patch of wild moor- land at the bottom of a bank on the farm of Wood- . Willie's clothes cited by Ray as she in 1670. reminds us of The smallness of an ungallant proverb. and he wandered his trade. so short as to be known as the " Town Steeple. name of a London upon a real character. in the misshapen form which he exhibited." brushmaker of Edinburgh. Tired at length of being the object of shouts.: 388 GflANTOLOGY AND DWAEFIANA. named also the David Ritchie. He. was brought up as a at brushmaker several Edinburgh. as the novelist says. like the " Town must have been born Steeple" above mentioned. as being as broad as they and were generally known were long. to and derision. they averaged thirty-four inches each. whom Scott He was the son of a labourer in the slate-quarries of Stobo. which was weekly pubhcation. to places. and for which there " If is an equivalent in the Italian language were as little a woman is good. a native of Tweeddale. A pease-cod would make her a gown and a hood. although he sometimes imputed it to ill-usage received in infancy. visited in 1797. laughter.

and wrapt up with pieces of than himself. is said to have voice. He always walked with a sort of pole or considerably taller pike-staff. and his screech-owl uncouth. could in the he door of his mansion. in Peeblesshire. tage which he built was extremely small. which was just that height. His laugh . and dissonant. His . were constructed with much stand upright He as was not quite three feet and a half high. strike was it said to be of such strength that he could with ease through the panel of a door or the end of a barrel. to see so strange a figure as Bow'd Davie (Crooked The cotits David) employed in a task for which he seemed so totally unfit as that of erecting a house. being unable to adapt them to his misshapen fin-like feet.THE BLACK DWARF. and when of cowl or nightcap. but walls. a sort He never wore shoes. He usually wore an old slouched hat when he went abroad. occasion to pass that The few people who had siu-prised. home. been quite horrible shrill. describing as foUows by Eobert " His : which was of an oblong and rather unusual shape. skull. house. There was nothing very uncommon at about his dress. way were much were a and some superstitious persons little alarmed. but always had both feet and legs quite concealed. The Scots Magazine for 1817 contains an Ritchie article Chambers. corresponded with his other peculiarities. in the 389 sequestered vale of the small river Manor. cloth. as well as those of a little garden that sursolidity. rounded it.

length. of a male child. No. whUe he ingeniously palliates. the genuine north. Scott relates an interesting legend of this spirit dwarf. suc- cess. was delivered at the height.390 GIANTOLOGY AND DWAEFIANA. Golden-lane. in many respects. Old-street. habits were. In his Essay on Deformity he frankly admits. and weighing five pounds ten Mr. where he got the blame of whatever mischief befell the sheep or cattle. the disadvantages which . in a ballad called the Cawt of Keeldar. and he appears to have been a man of thought and some genius. misanthropical.court. woman. without apartments of her husband. ern Duergar and he particularly mentions him tinder another colour. and had a was a misshapen dwarf. twenty-two inches in ounces. He died at the com- mencement of the present century. that on May 23d was named Tall. uncouth tabernacle. The Black Dwarf was once held to be a formidable personage by the dalesmen of the Border. its and indi- cated a inind congenial to jealous. who wrote poetry without much seat in Parliament. singular. a wealthy Sussex gentleman of the last century. Dr. who by a strange anomaly and who was only forty inches in any deformity. John Leyden says that this was a fairy of the most malignant kind. Hay." Scott says that Ritchie was fond of Shenstone's Pastorals and Paradise Lost. irritable A his and temper was prominent characteristic. 9 Cupid's . A newspaper in that year a of 1798 records.

and I hope never to give them cause to object to my behaviour. solicits is the attention of the no. tlemen in the House of Commons. in his holds a stick and gloves. Miss B. Among the 558 genam the only one constituents. of a "the Mons. which is the most diminutive. Pinrte. in his right hand he holds up a book. St. ever yet presented to publick view taste are extraordinary. from Swaffham. and under that hand he arm a cocked- hat . the Norfolk Fairy. lie 391 " Bodily deformity. "is very rare. her native place. and pleasing . long vest.DWAEF FRENCH LAWYER. Thanks to my worthy who never objected to my person. James's. belong to an uncomely exterior. eminent for his perfect Imowledge of the practice of justice. humbly .'' so dis- says. many pass- ages from the best English writers. bihty and gentry she in her fifteenth year her height thirty-nine inches. and generally just emphasis. She repeats with great excellent ear." all the courts of La Grrandeur is represented in left a wig. a famous French lawyer. In the same century appeared the following notice : " At No. and buckled shoes. 125 Jermyn-street." celebrated In the portrait last century was published a whole-length dwarf. particularly from Milton. and therefore a person tinguislied lias ill-luck in a lottery where there are a thousand prizes to one blank. perfect. her memory and spirit. La Grandeur. Too much cannot be said little of the perfect symmetry of her engaging figure." The same century produced the " Yorkshire Little . I that is so.

on The Pora visit to the ambassador of that country. his shoulders terminating in small fleshy . to carry him about the house. twenty- eight inches in height. elegantly formed. size . fifty-seven years. in Yorkshire. commonly known as Little Jenny. Master Joseph inches high. 1802. Bucks. Kingdoms is of Great Britain and This little gentleman a native of Fairburn. and allowed by every visitor to be the smallest and shortest man ever ex- hibited in the United Ireland. Lee. stands only thirty twenty-two pounds weight. But the public will to be be pleased to observe that Master Lee entirely differs from all other individuals . a dwarf living in 1805. which must be seen believed. Peter Dauntlow. and to convey him from the hall of the ambassador's mansion to the carriage that took him to his own apartments. remarkably well proportioned. tuguese charge d'affaires was accustomed to raise the Don erect on his hand." Jane Walker. brothers. who was only thirty-three inches in height. and well London from Portugal. His pa- and sisters were all of the ordinary but he was only twenty-nine inches high. rents. arrived in years of age.392 GIANTOLOGY AND DWAEFIANA. in February. and is This young gentleman Is in the nineteenth year of his age. near Ferry-bridge. age oi In the spring of 1805 Don Joze Cordero Pereira. died at at the Winslow. Man. He had no arms. who was then twenty-seven accomplished. was the son of a Cossack in the regiment of Ladni.

Martin King. and manifested a great desire to learn and to improve his mind. in Norfolk. understanding. He had at the knees. life was The Annual Register for 1808 records that. that year. nevertheless. in that town. His breast was and his legs curved. closely joined to his shoulders. being only three inches and a half shorter than the mother. Stoke-uponBoiu-ne. and he walked extremely fall fast. and at one period of his exhibited as a dwarf. at the poorhouse. played at chess and cards. knitted stockings. his air was manly.DWAEF MOTHER. the bones of his legs and thighs forming only one piece down to his heel. but if he happeiied to he could not rise again without help. only twenty-five inches in height. for want of joints at his knees. all of which were curved. He wrote very rapidly and legibly with his left foot. on May 15th in Trent. stumps . Hannah a deformed dwarf. 1807. through excessive drinking. The child was in every . or mernqry. In May. sometime boots at the Castle inn. His figure. after a tedious and difficult labour. pulled off his boots. and his drawings with the pen were very beautiful. was not disagreeable. was. measuring twenty-one inches and a half in length. He was not deficient in judgment. On each foot he had only four toes. 393 and Ms no joints liead was most flat. He sang. and helped himself to food with his left foot. safely delivered of a female child of the ordinary size. died at Downham. smoked (filling his pipe himself). He was under four feet in height.

he survived he having been born in a widow and four children. a prodigy long of Orutchy Jack. 1815. Jeremiah Davies. Hauptman on the The lady. contrary well. . where he was well known. Defec- was the conformation of his person. drew great crowds of people diminutive ances to witness not only their but also their wonderful performthe pianoforte. the young- to the age of sixty-two years. 22 Bond-street a male and female dwarf. died with. the mother. respect perfect. was bom at Kammer. who by a strange coinci- dence was then thirty-three years of age. was likely to do About July. near Aberyst- a very symmetrical years. Li March. He had to of his time in London. Welsh dwarf. size. but still-born to expectation. 1808. was the father of eight tive as fine robust children. and to which place he intended have walked the week following the one in which he died. at Llanvon. and — Nannette on violin. in Upper Austria. and weighed exactly thirty-three pounds. tively New They named respec- John Hauptman and Nannette Stocker. for 1813 says. although not more than thirty-six inches in height. were exhibited at No. The Gentlemans Magazine Marshal.394 GIANTOLOGY AND DWAEFIANA. Her mo- ther bore her ten months and twenty-four days before . aged fifty -eight and measuring only spent a great part forty-six inches in height. and est left being about five years of age. that on Leeds by the name January 3d in that year died very suddenly John known in This singularly diminutive man. 1751. thirty-three inches high.

show in October. and quick of apprehension. who was two years younger than herself. Her mother was was five feet three inches high . her birth. After the age of four years her stature was fixed at thirtythree inches. a good appetite. exceedingly weU proportioned. and never experienced any In consequence of her smaUness. though not so in subtlety of genius and talents. and thence over and took her to Eatisbon. She was perfectly formed in every respect. comas a menced traveUing with her . also of proper growth.NAKNETTE STOCKEE. is to this new wonder of the brin : Her name Nannette Stock- she is now seventeen years of age. She is evidently the person referred to in the following newspaper paragraph of 1799: "There is now ' exhibiting at Berlin a female dwarf of a more diminutive and well-proportioned stature than any Jeu de Nature' is hitherto seen . her guardian. for the two following years. the celebrated Count Borawlaski much age. She always had iUiaess. and her brother. fuU of vivacity. superior in stature. rapidity as to attract in which she grew with so much the same notice from her unweildiness as she now .size and growth of a child of seven years old. and of the ordinary. who had adopted her 1797 at the death of her mother. the continent of Europe. where she was much ad- mired. is the What is more remarkthis uncommon and size and dimensions of child at her birth. and it 395 was remarkable that the child was larger at the delivery than children usually are. able.

offered Nannette his It was said that he hand and in heart. . Kirby's Wonderful Museum.. Her parents were peasants in Saxony. not playing on the pianoforte. EngKsh very Hauptman was more and when not accompanying the lady with he generally walked about the exhibition room. 396 GIANTOLOGY AND DWAEFIANA. He was born at Eingendorff. whose permission Nannette's guardian obtained with some difficulty for him to accompany the little lady on her travels. and both of them above the middle stature. 1820. on the Lower Ehine. well made and proportioned. 1817. He was under the care of the authorities of Bousvillers. able. While in London. who was at that time twenty years of age. The Morning Chronicle tells for September 5th. Nannette was delittle scribed as being the most lively person imagin- fuU of talk. and danced. He had was not master of the English language. she was either or working well. side These two dwarfs are engraved by side. full-length. and thirty-six inches and two lines in height. which favours she had declined. She spoke reserved his violin. At Clermont they performed at the Grand Theatre on the pianoforte. When knitting at her needle. his parents being of the common stature. and always appearing with a smile. near Bousvillers. and he appeared rather heavy. does from her diminutive proportion. us that a girl was then exhibiting in Paris who." Upon her visit to Strasburg in 1798 she was introduced to John Hauptman.

" seventeen years of age. floor in a way no other person was able to do but how that was we do not than any other know. "the shortest person in the This youth walked under the arm of the it famous dwarf. standing on one hand. he could sit on the . and perfectly straight and well formed. Leach. only thirty-three inches high. He walked down a flight of stairs on his hands. and his feet upwai'ds. possessed of great accomplishments. He balanced himself on his hands on the top of a chair-back. and alighted on the ground on his hands. walking off on the same with the greatest He placed a . 397 was only eighteen She was inches high." his age. although she was seven years old. and conversed with great sprightliness and intelligence. and was. weighing upwards of a hundred pounds. ease. He took a pin out of the wall with his mouth. About 1816-1818. During the same period was also exhibited in London Mr. of world.dwaef's wonderful feats. who was denominated a "Wonderful Female. upright on his feet he could touch the floor with his . was exhibited in London Miss Smith." who was about the age of eighteen years. well proportioned. faster person could on his feet. Lady Morgan. from which he threw himself. Her skin was de-r scribed as being of the most beautiful texture. and weighed but six pounds. without touching pany by fingers by nearly four inches. with his feet in the air. of a pleas- ing countenance. called " The Wonderful Youth. He much amused his comStanding his numerous feats of agility.

while he put his into mouth. off on his hands. 1819. the daughter of Joseph Ealph. she was rather well proportioned. and not at all deformed. During her life she never once laughed or cried. In December. surprising He possessed a peculiar and way . a very remarkable stone. raised himself up feet and walked table. floor. Camden. and nine feet thick. he threw backwards from him. totally different from any his exhibition bill other person and in he challenged the whole world.398 pin on the GIAUTOLOGY AND DWAKFIANA. and supit ported his balance on the other. one of the Orkney Islands. his called the Dwarf or Dwarfy Stone. alighting on his hands. Although she had attained her twenty-first year. without touching the table with his it Standing on a chair. his He also walked in a horizontal position on hands under a common feet. took it up with one hand. then foremost. there was. lying between two hills. and in that posture walked round the room. . died at Chare water Elizabeth Ralph. Her weight never exceeded Smith in his Wonders. twenty pounds. in and Kirby in that in his Britannia. although it was evident that she both saw and heard. tell us Hoy. 1820. nor uttered any sound whatever. her height was only two feet ten inches. He laid himself on the floor by the strength of his arms. which was thirty- six feet long. Wonderful Museum. eighteen feet broad. for one thousand guineas. of running. to pro- duce any other person capable of competing with him.

and careworn face. thin.. was the form of a bed and large enough for two persons. quiet person. it. Long Acre. and . 1822. died Captain Benjamin Starkey. and was the home of a a dwarfish man. with a stone of tile same dimeiisions lying near it. THE DWAEFY STONE. he then being an inmate of the Freeman's Hospital. and honest parents. It 399 having was completely hollowed within. The captain says he was born of poor Brownlow-street. The marks of the workman's it tool were very evident. Charles Lamb wrote a paper upon Captain StarFetter- key. at the Lying-in Hospital. with a pecu- stamp of old-fashionedness in his strikingly ugly. Within. On July 9th. 1757. an entrance on one side about two feet high. Lamb had himself went to the same academy about a year after Starkey left Miss Lamb testified that Starkey been in his youth liar a gentle. at the pillow. At the north end was another bed or couch with a hole above and it in the middle was a fire-place. spirits He " appears to have been one of those mild which. lane who had been an usher at a school in when Lamb's sister was a scholar there. which probably was intended for a door. for a chimney. south end of it. who in 1818 published his memoirs. natives of Newcastle-upon-Tyne. fairy and his wife. neatly cut out of the stone. was generally supposed to have been a hermitage but there was a legend it. in Newcastle. on December the 19th. that a famous giant and his wife once lived in Another story told that the stone fell from the moon. not originally defi- .

vfanting that. the epiphyses of the . She died in London in June. his humhle hat. His lengthea'd chin. Caroline Crachami. in his Mark his famous Captain coat wrapt in mark'd nose. to have undergone hardly any change There seems to have been a complete arrest of development. was exhibited at 287 Strand Mrs. So he look'd when Eanson sketoh'd him WhUe alive ^but Death has fetoh'd him. is the skeleton of a female child of who for exhibition purposes was caUed Mdlle. 400 GIAiraOLOGY AKD DWARFIANA. The modest tie of his cravat Mark how easy sit his hose." In the museum of the Eoyal College of Surgeons." — In December. He might si have proved a useful adjunct. by penury into cient in understanding. before us represents length in profile lines " Eeader and underneath are the following I see tlie Starkey. stunted growth. Mark the shoes that hold his toes . 1824. " the smallest lady and the greatest wonder of the present age. Butcher. His little stick. are crushed dejection and feebleness. and mark his own eye. if For- tune had taken him into very a little fostering . 1823. and was only nineteen or twenty inches high. under a glass case. at the age of"nine or ten years. Her bones appear after birth. he became captain — a byword — and lived and died a broken bulrush. his forehead high. but. ." of this small A woodcut him full- man now . the Sicilian dwarf. a Yorkshire married dwarf.: . to society. if not an ornament.

She was the daughter of a musician. 1824. to whom she had been her body. thimble. On account of her diminutive size. Birmingham. but she was not pubhcly exhibited until she was brought to England. 401 With the skeleton are preserved casts of the dwarfs arm. 1824.THE SICILIAN DWARF. but he had gone away. and pearl ring. the father of this dwarf. and received upwards of 200 towards the evening a languor appeared to come over her. and was born at Palermo. in Duke-street. it is wherein stated that he had applied to the magistrate at Marlborough-street Office for a warrant to apprehend a person named Gilligan. and foot. On Thursday last she was exhibited visitors. and left behind only DD . announced her death as follows afilicted : " This poor child had been for some time with a cough. Fogell Crachami. seems to have been improperly deprived of her body. and also her tiny stockings. after which she was exhibited at Oxford. and Liverpool. A newspaper of June." Mons. bones remaining unossified. as usual. Dorian. and who had disappeared with He had occupied splendid apartments in the house of Mr. as we gather from the Times of June 17th. the Duchess of Parma and a few other distinguished persons were allowed to see her . a tailor. intrusted. in the latter end of the summer of 1823 . hand. James's . St. and on her way from the exhibition room she expired. and afterwards in London. and the untoward changes in of last the weather during several days visible elFect week had a on the general state of her health.

He was and he clasped the corpse in Sir it . and her habit which it state-bed of the child Mr. but in a very his she had already been anatomised. . 402 the little GIAiiTTOLOGT AND DWAEFIANA. of Blenheim-steps. and expressed a wish to dispose of it. for her. for one hundred giiineas but the sale was not completed. of Sackville. Brooks.street. the distracted father visited Sir Everard Home. and left the child. GiUigan agreed to these terms. and he was permitted excited state. Everard gave him a cheque left for ten pounds and seems that he then London for Ireland. The father hearing this. arms with much emotion.. it. and from whom Crachami ascertained that GiUigan Sir Everard's had taken the body to purchase house. to be presented in Gilligan had offered the body to Mr. Ultimately. where his wife was. Dorian had made to the king. through whose influence the prodigy had been presented to to the king. to do so at the college. begged to see his daughter. The latter refused it but said he would present to the Royal College of Surgeons. and whatever reward they thought proper to vote to him he should receive.

near inteUigent. 1825. in his Even-Day Book. cir- who was only three feet nine inches high. 1 he saw a female dwarf. gives us an amusing account of a visit paid by him to Bartholomew Fair on September 5th. and " The little lady' had a thorough good ' character from Miss Hipson as an affectionate creature. By a strange formation of his hmbs his he was able to kick own forehead.— CHAPTEE XV. and she was born at Addiscombe. In September. died at Cardiff Mr. the cumference of his head being twenty-five inches and three-quarters. Great Yarmouth. Philpott. E. In Show No. two feet eleven inches high. Dwarf — — — Boardman— Somersetshire Pairy— Tom Crih and Dwarf—Bttrick Shepherd describes Dwarf — Dwarf and Pig-faced Lady — Mexican Dwarf—Miniature John Bull — General Tom Thumb —Haydon. For many he years he officiated as a recruiting sergeant. 1825. Hone. agreeable. but for the last four years of his life was employed as an ale-taster at Cardiff. in regimentals." She was again exhibited at Bartholomew . She was sociable. Her name was Lydia Walpole. the Painter— Commodore Nutt and Minnie Warren — Dwarfs at Bartholomew Fair — Miss Shaw — Farnham — Dawson — Miss Williams — Don Santos — Dwarf Marriage Miss Hipkins — Aboo Zadek — Infant Dwarf — Dye — John Little at Cardifi— Dwarfs at Bartholomew Fair— Lydia "Walpole Old "Woman of Bagdad Musical Thomas Day Dwarf at Drury-lane Theatre — — Dwarf at Tiyerton Miller. of whom he gives an engraving.

thirty inches high. of whom Hone gives an engraving. of Denbigh. great. In 1825 she was exhibited Norwich. and says " Afterwards : stepped forth a little personage. fifteen years of age. who had " Mr. and other curiosities. I therefore did not go in. with top-boots. 17 was a dwarf family. said he five He was also proprietor of the show and was thirty-five years of age." and a native of Boston. 11 was a she is the proprietor as " The who was described by old woman of Bagdad . and only thirty- inches high.. old.' The crowd was and the shows be seen were many. ' Be assured they're alive. who was represented to be William Phillips." dwarf. Thomas Day wonder . In Show No. Fair in 1833. 10 were an Indian woman. and exhibited himself as small enough for a great as he was. There was a boy six years only twenty-seven . 12 was a Welch dwarf. a dwarf. In Show No. a Chinese lady. was the reputed father of the dwarf family. Hone says. in Lincolnshire. never been in the fair before." In Show No. little In Show No. who strutted his tiny legs. twenty-two years of age. living personages in He fittingly descanted on the whom he had a vested interest. 13 was another dwarf. in Simmett's show. about three feet high. in a mihtary dress. Only one penny to each. 404 GIANTOLOGT AND DWAEFIANA. and held his head aloft with not less import- ance than the proudest general officer could assume upon his promotion to the rank of field-martial. In Show No. " A clown outside cried. described when she was as being thirty-one at years of age.

Nearly one hundred down to dinner ." 405 who were. young his man of very diminutive is The history of engagement his very rather singular. and discourses. " dwarfish. 20 were two dwarfs.: MUSICAL DWAEF. of Drmy-lane Theatre. and he invited Mr. Birch. only the head much above she hath all eighteen inches long. as girl Hone In Show No. some days ago gave a dinner to numerous establishment singer. and Mr. sings. inches high. of a the following story is dwarf singer " Drury-lane Theatre nary musical about to have an extraordi- acquisition. to be of the party. The almost universal opinion was that such tones could . reads well. in his workshops. but from whence it issued was not discoverable. whistles. that he never heard such tones. suddenly a voice of surpassing sweetness was heard in the room. The applause of the song was such as might be expected and after everyone had expressed his admiration. yet her senses to admiration. Mr." at A was exhibited Bartholomew Fair " not her. and after some of the usual glees and songs were sung. and aU very pleasant to hear. having never a perfect bone in any part of . says. at each other in astonishment. there arose a discussion about the sex of the melodist." The Thespian tells Sentinel of November 23d. except from the thi'oat of Catalani. Smith the bass and some other gensat tlemen. an emi- nent coachmaker. 1825. Dunn. in the person of a size. The company stared Everyone declared at the conclusion .

was opened. The boots which he cleaned were half his height." this period About a dwarf was employed at one of the hotels in Tiverton as Boots. engaged him. Birch had accidentally heard him joining in a glee with two other poor ragged creatures in the street. The quahfications of this little person were at known to the managers of Drury-lane Theatre. Some time named H. Crispin for the art of Titian. upon the recommendation of the professional men who heard him sing. to give It is intended. we understand. in all the upper once made tones. carried about England several living wonders. was of a different opinion.or three-and-twenty years of age. about two. precisely like Catalani's . that he shall slug without an first accompaniment on the night of his appearance. which lay at the upper end of the workshop. He said he believed the voice to be that of a young man. it bears a close resemblance to Mr.406 GIANTOLOGT Am) DWAEFIAJSTA. Mrs. to drag them along the ground. and in the lower. Lee in or after the year 1826 a showman for exhibition J. who immediately. and who was no mean painter. Boardman. a native of Bolton-le-Moors. George Smith come from nobody but a woman. His voice is. and out stepped a male dwarf. He is un- . and humanely determined bettering his condition. among which was " Mr. him a chance of we believe. consequently he had well His portrait was drawn by a shoemaker who had abandoned the trade of St. and soon afterwards the body of a coach. Bland's.

who in stature is considerably to below any of her competitors. named Morgan. brawl. and possesses an expression unlike any of her predecessors or present rivals. and measuring in height only thirty-eight inches. phenomenon ever presented Amongst is the surprising exertions of this wonderful female the power she possesses of placing the joints of her fingers backwards to reach the elbow. to whom aU nature bends. doubtedly the smallest 407 man ever yet exhibited in EngThis gentleman land. being thirty-four years of age. his prodi- which were. His uncommon vivacity and perfect duction of nature. patronised by the royal family at Ascot. the Somerset- The extraordinary muscular powers of this diminutive female. needs only to be seen. moods in short. as the bill tells us. on June 10th. presenting at the same time a most interesting figure. She is forty-five years of age. and carried him off triumphantly in his arms Crib had a proteg6 to Bow-street. bited Miss shire Fairy. symmetry of form renders him a most pleasing proAt the same time will be exhiWiddicombe. was certainly formed in one of nature's most playful . her stature being only thirty-five inches." We quote fi-om a handbill that was intended to be used at any fair to which the travelKng showman might take gies. he the unerring is the most striking instance of wisdom of the Supreme Power. 1819. who was Tom picked him up out of some street a dwarf.TOM CRIB AND DWAEF. Tom where he told the magistrate he did . of Taunton. be proclaimed the most impressive female dwarf to the public.

1827 ( in Blackwood's Magazine " Noctes Ambrosiarise"). have a encounter at a sporting benefit in St. The . where man wore Anquetil top-boots and a broad-brim hat. wi' a husband sax feet couple. way. much amusement was to the afforded in the ofiice. for March. the who had walked through the streets from caravan where he was Hall. sic I wudna hae sleepit in the o' same bed the nicht. and of his " On Tuesday mesalliance with a pig-faced lady : morning. Hay market. about 1827. tells us that he saw him and another dwarf. there wad hae She was been nae shakin' her in the family aff —the vampire." fol- A newspaper of February. and kept him as a waiter at his little house in Panton-street. little not like to see ones imposed upon. followed by his exhibiting to Union by an immense multitude. wi' a vermin for the mines Peru. Mr. thus refers : to a dwarf exhibited in a caravan I never saw a happier the pouch o' " The wee dwarfie She loupt woman. But oh ! she had a great ugly wide mouth. his shooting -jacket. gives the lowing account of an unfortunate dwarf. and keekit out like a maukin. The Ettrick Shepherd. owing attendance of a dwarf. for gin she had o' fa'n upon a body in the middle and fasten'd on their throat like a rotten. Tom the took the mannikin home. and her teeth were as sharp and yeUow as prins. 1829. intil three feet high. attracted diminutive and singular appearance. John-street. fistic of very dissimilar shape. no four. at Union Hall.408 GIAIfTOLOGT AST) DWAEFIANA.

he would not care what uproar he kicked up in the stance. and for that trifling neration for his services. who has been frequently . head did not reach. the water poured through the chinks of the crazy old caravan and almost drowned him. he was obliged to be constantly confined in a small vehicle. and proceeded to describe the fatigue and drudgery attendant on the life of a man his situation. which. and Mr. who obhged him to sit cheek-by-jowl with a pigto faced lady.DWARF AND PIO-FACED LADY. stepping up his to the bar. For inwhen he was seized with a hungry fit. to the top of which trate. who engaged name was placed in him to travel about in a van. and exhibit himself to the public. litiJe 409 man. addressed the magisvisit saying that the object of his was for the purpose of applying for a warrant against a or summons man named Stephenson. the pig-faced lady being neither better or worse than a shaved bear. he declared. man and . when rained. being only week. van. three shillings a His wages were small. this But was not all the inconvenience that he was obliged to submit to in the service of Stephenson. The dwarf said that his Lipson. with a his wife. which he (the dwarf) considered be a very great degradation. Bruin sometimes took ofF it into his head to play some very rough and uncouth tricks. was anything but remu- an enviable one. together with the rest of the inmates. and a large family Of squalling children it and. and often directed his fury against the poor dwarf on these occasions.

who. and my master I ask is now for three weeks in my debt. followed by a mob. December. to the danger and hazard of breaking his neck. at seventeen years of age.' said the dwarf. when taunts him with my money. and came to France in the all of that lady. but not been the case. and it is rather cutting that more attention should be paid to a lianimal than a cretur. however. was only twenty-seven inches and a half high. in the province of Zocateces. listening to the servants of the hotel. this has my regularly. master always gives the preference to the former. course of a few months. and he the ofHce. "When drawing a contrast between the services of the pigfaced lady and myself. moreover.410 GIANTOLOGT AND DWAKFIANA. I would wilhngly put up. took care of her linen.' human The magistrate to the told the dwarf that left he must apply Court of Bequests. he refuses and me not drawing the pubhc. to escape the fury of her pig-faced ladyship. a Mexican dwarf: "I saw in Paris a Mexican dwarf. a Paris journal." A for correspondent of Le Globe. executed with great skill every kind of embroidery. gives the following account of Francisca. She was born of an Indian mother of a pure race. and. she learned French enough to understand . towards whom she discharged the functions of a fille-de-chambre. dressed her In the hair. on the estate of Donna suite Josefa Z . all ' ' With wages these little misfortunes. under the necessity of jumping out of the vehicle. 1829. and it. She laced her. if I was paid no.

411 what was to talk. as that occupation did not please her. Ferguson. Her in them disagreeable but were strongly marked with the American character. at Kittisford. theless. 1831. and is pronounced by Sir James Clark.ache rid of it. standing in a fellow. She had great volubility in conversation and several of Neverto be her pleasant saOies were repeated to me. Her hands and arms were also very well formed. Eichard Garn'sey.D. rymple. near Taunton. born January 4th. has not grown since he was four years old. Her hips were rather large. . Dal- M. her capacity did not appear to old. which also seemed necessary . cisca to read . which made her see-saw Fran- in walking.ache or she saw the book preparing. Locock. as were her feet and legs. as The picture subscribed foUows : " The Miniature John Bull." Charles S." whenever We have now before us an engraving representlittle ing the dwarf Eichard Garnsey. but did not prevent her from running with rapidity. room between is a pianoforte and a chair. she soon found the means of getting tooth.MEXICAN DWARF. to be the most symmetrical dwarf in the world.. and Dr. me above that of a child of eight years Her head had notlnng was of the same old size as that of a chUd of eight years features whom I saw near her. _Stratton. by complaining of head. better known as General . Dr. said. They wished to teach the little but. to ask for what she wanted. a smart in a court suit and wig. Dr. and even to her.

He next visited Philadelphia. he did not increase in stature. and in fact the tour of the made his United States. Boston." was added assumed it). and he was the lion of weeks New York. and was escorted sailed. In January. 412 GIANTOLOST AND DWAEFIANA. him to dine with them ladies came in their carriages to see him. and Charleston. nor in weight.. on January 11th. Baltimore. except by about two ounces. or " the American Man in (to Miniature. where he and miniature furniture and equipage excited considerable curiosity. to the ship Yorkshire. in which he by at least ten thousand persons. his birth he At weighed nine pounds two ounces. The General fii-st exhibited at Barnum's old American is Museum. up to 1845. in the character . in which he represented standing upon a chair. 1832. in the Strand the first portrait of him taken in this country appears in that journal for is February 24tli. Tom Thumb when he first which name "junior. and measured twenty-five inches in height since which time. JL844. Connecticut. Immediand ately on his arrival in London he called at the office . some- what more than the average weight of a new-born infant. bringing with for six them valuable presents. 1844. where he stated to have been visited by thirty thousand persons. in America. of distinction invited Gentlemen ." is said to have been born at Bridgeport. and also upon the stage of the Princess's Theatre. of the Illustrated London News. in New York. At about five months old he weighed fifteen pounds. he left New York for England.

the Prince of Wales. set with rubies. GENERAL TOM THUMB. great vivacity of expression. the General. a dwarf in arms. visited the Queen. and after- wards portrayed the Grecian ludicrous statues. 23d.. Mimic the mighty stature of the great While you. which altogether had a most effect. where he strutted about racter dress." The General's head scarcely reached level to the knees of a person of ordinary stature. good mouth. the Princess Eoyal. Prince Albert. generally cheerftd. dark eyes. and the Duchess of Kent. when also were present the Queen of the Belgians. R. At the conclusion of the enter- tainment her Majesty presented to the General a souvenir of mother-of-pearl. He had light hair and complexion. 1844. of Napoleon. and bearing the crown and the the initials V. Queen subsequently presented the General with . where he went through his performances. To him might have been applied : the words of Damasippus to Horace " Scarce of two foot height. accompanied his guardian. On April 2d following he repeated them before her Majesty. deride. and a childish treble voice. at Buckingham Palace. forsooth. 413 tliis He first appeared at theatre on in a cha- February 21st. well-developed forehead. and enacted various other drolleries. as a miniature Buonaparte. He was On March by Barnum. In addition. a fresh colour. and was about on a with the seat of a common chair. and Princess Alice. His haughty spirit and gigantic stride.

1844. In August. On April 16th he appeared for the the second time before Queen Adelaide. at Buckingham Palace. supported by the British lion and American eagle . trimmed with and with aiguilettes tipped . in the richest blue. Her Majesty presented the General with a watch and chain. and footman. They wore silver lace. style. on April 19th. "this great. Prince Albert. a gold pencil-case. On these several occasions he sang a comic song. and the wheels were blue and red. Upon the door-panels were emblazoned the G-eneral's arms. dressed in a full court suit. The box was furnished with a crimson hammer-cloth. the crest being the rising sun flags . and Prince Leiningen. with a silver star and red and green flowers. land ponies The carriage was drawn by a pair of Shetand two lads were engaged as coachman . Duke of Cambridge. and American and the British and the motto. It was completely furnished The colour of the body was of an intense picked out with white. He appeared before the Queen. to the air of " Yankee Doodle. and the Duchess of Grloucester. the King and Queen of the Belgians. Britannia and the Goddess of Liberty. small man" had built for elegant dress him by a London carriage-maker an The chariot suitable to his dimensions. " Go ahead !" on the body and through- The crest was also repeated out the harness. at Marl- borough House. liveries of sky-blue coats. introducing therein the royal personages." little. body of it was twenty inches high.414 GIANTOLOGY AND DWAEFIAiifA. for the third time. and eleven inches wide.

where he received many costly pre- sents from King Louis Philippe. for seventy nights. with silver garters and . in the Illustrated It is London News for August In February. the General visited Paris with his little carriage. 415 red breeches. In December he for the second time land. where he drew crowds . equipage cost between 300Z. with silver . written expressly for him. in a fairy play called Le Petit Poucet. in Paris. and he paid repeated visits to the Tuileries. 1844. Cloud. and the Comte de Paris. leaving Bordeaux for Spain. the queen -mother. 1845. in Piccadilly. travelling his While between the towns of Quimper and L' Orient. and received gifts from them. . and the footman was provided with a cane. that he had been seized by brigands. and again appeared before the king and queen at the palace of St. cessive For four sucat months the General entertained the public the Salle des Concerts. visited Eng- and gave his entertainment at the Egyptian to witness Hall. then at Pampeluna. At a great bull-fight there he attended in the royal box with the queen. and. The whole engraved 31st.. in the after his evening levees Rue Yivienne. In November he returned to Paris. He afterwards made the tour of France and Belgium. and 400^. appeared before Queen Isabella. and he appeared at the Vaudeville Theatre. occurrence gave rise to a story current in luggage was stolen from the back of his carriage this and France. buckles plated buttons cocked hats and wigs . GENERAL TOM THUMB. his queen. Princess Adelaide. and the court.

Eain would not have kept them away twenty-six years ago. I trust in God. Cincinnatus .' showing how acutely the poor ' man his comparative want . . by exhibiting the picture. Qd." 16s. Discobulus . . . and to " Such was his struggles in his profession. and to relieve himself of some of his debts. of success : Opened —rained hard only Jerrold. . Baring. and sent hundreds of invitations to distinguished persons and critics to attend a pri- vate view. An felt entry in his diary on April 4th was 'the beginning of the end. Napoleon and Frederick painter. Is. we read : the mental condition of the unhappy early part of the year 1846. After a reference to Haydon's sad and troubled life. the historical was in effect killed by Tom Thumb. The Book of Days says that Haydon. — first 19Z. and Hobhouse came. his performances of the G-recian statues Cupid with wings and quiver G-aza knife ." 1820j First day of " Banishment of Aristides. Fox Maule. Sampson carrying . when the so-called General Haydon had then which he had long just finished a large picture on been engaged.416 GIAITTOLOGT AND DWAEFIANA. Hercules. with the Nemsean lion the Great. Ajax . He engaged a room at the Egyptian Hall. painter in the Tom Thumb came to England. ofF the gates of the fighting gladiator the slave whetting his . under the roof where the dwarf was at- tracting his crowds. 1846. in Piccadilly. amen !' Soon . Comparison day of " Christ entering Jerusalem. IZ.' He hoped to redeem his fallen fortunes. 'The Banishment of Aristides.

They their my bills and caravan. sons had paid to see Tom Thumb. 1846. the General appeared at the Lyceum Theatre. for he displayed tact much stage and comic humour. would not have believed England could have been guilty. but do not read them is eyes are on them. they cry " Help see and " Murder gone. but their sense It is an insanity. In March. they fight. general performance were irresistibly Subsequently. and in ' May. One morning the fraction being doubtless a child at half-price. with the children of several countries. and ludicrous. with which weapons he had ended his earthly troubles. a dream. and popular. as familiar to Hop o' My Thumb. at the City of London tale Theatre.000 perwhile only 1331. paid to see ' Aristides. a rabies furor.' About a fortnight after the opening of his exhibition he recorded in his diary. says London newspaper of September " Tom Thumb's secretary has fur- . see ' 417 to They rush by thousands !" Tom Thumb. they scream. afterwards he wrote. under different versions. with few but bitter words.' the hero of a all the lovers of nursery literature.HATDON AND TOM THUMB. panto- mime. the fact that in one week 12. and his appearance. after visiting the provinces of Eng- land and Ireland and Scotland. 1847. and razor near him. to Tom Thumb returned America. They push.' " in the following June Haydon was found with a pistol in his painting-room dead. A : 18th. !" . of which I . they faint. In this fairy play the General achieved a great success .

is The Greneral's said to have resulted in the birth of a called Minnie Tom Thumb. but nearly five feet. Mr. j I In February. 1864. who were born at Huddersfield. in bited himself at St. 1866." who was said to be who in truth stood well-made little only thirty-eight inches high . for he could carry two lusty men on his shoulders with ease." Yorkshire. } same year. which quartette much delighted Enghsh other dwarfs. and very strong. in In another show appeared. 1865. the General exhiIn October. in the notice. in 1832. and two named Commodore Nutt and Minnie "Warren. he came to England with his wife. James's Hall. Farnham was exhibited in Broomsgrove's "Ool- . He was a man. At Bartholomew in a Fair. where he married a dwarf. Miss Shaw and her brother. which are said to have amounted visited to 150. with a giant. Norwich. his annual receipts at between ten and twenty thousand pounds. and then went back to his native country." The Greneral again England. and was therefore too tall to be correctly called a dwarf. in September.418 GIANTOLOGT AKD DWAEFIANA.000Z. sightseers. This Mr. Farnham. sterhng. "the surprising Somersetshire dwarf. while her parents were on a professional tour in the eastern counties. were exhibited show " those celebrated dwarfs. nished one of the American papers with a statement of his receipts in Europe. at the Norfolk Hotel. who died from inflammation of the brain. In November. the income-tax commissioners of South- ampton served him with an assessment which they estimated marriage child.

a dwarf named Don Santiago de Los Santos. at the same was exhiold. 1834. man who was called a dwarf. bom 1783. a dwarf. twelve years fair In 1834 was exhibited at this the Miss Williams. About July. fair. bited Eliza Webber. when he was ease. at B. In Mr. a Miss Hipkins. during his exhibitory travels in England. The don was forty-eight years of age." at Bartholo- mew Fair. he was shown more . in 1833. was married to another dwarf. a dwarf. described as being twenty-three years of age. and able to carry four hundredweight with In 1833 was exhibited at Bartholomew Fair. In Harris's show. and the High Bailiff of Birmingham gave away the bride. symmetry of his person than for his height he had a remark- ably good figm-e. who was twenty-two Also a little years of age. bom at Merthyr Tydvil. and about twenty-six inches high . and about forty inches high. thirty-six inches and three-quarters high. in Dupain's French Theatre. Miss Rees. and Miss Hipkins was twenty-eight years of age.ichmond. and danced the Highland fling ex- tremely well. made from life. in Yorkshire. at Birmingham. and thirty inches high.A DWAEF DON. Fillinham's collection was a sketch of Los Santos. the Welch fairy. Welch dwarf. but. who was on January 27th. The couple were carried to the church in a sedan-chair. being thirty-six for the inches high. 419 lection of Nature's Wonderftil "Works. on August 12th in that year. We have now before us an . and aged Also thirty-two years. Jonathan Dawson.

The dwarf wears a kind collar of tunic. the dwarf entire being only a longer than the face of the giantess. Senor Don Santiago de Los Santos. a sword. two pouches. says : "A most . saw him. The former is is holding up the train of the latter. subscribed as follows: giantess. in one hand he carries his feathered hat. and off to Tunis. his fourth wife. striped trousers. from the Island of Manilla.. engraving." It represents the couple in most absurd and little proportions. probably an exhibition placard. and a large turn-down . extraor- dinary personage presented himself to us dwarf. who much bedecked with jewelry and fine clothes. dressed in mag- nificent apparel. feet and two tuijust two inches high. mark you. thirty-five years of age. He was sometimes shut up in one of the boxes in which the sweetmeats are brought . be to the imagined that . consisting of foxu' boys his wife and. and somewhat under It must not. he formed the delight and amuse- ment of the court. and nearly seven attended by her page. visits to Sidi Mustapha. about 1835. and he had a very and two girls. fine family. in his Excursions in the Mediterranean. with a waist-belt. 420 GIANTOLOGT AST) DWARFIANA. who was was said to be extremely pretty. by three feet. Sir Grenville Temple. his short stature his age was owing want of years and for was forty-five. the celebrated from the United States. however. he was a name Aboo Zadek. "Miss Angelina Melius. feet high. he carried him where. nineteen years of age. during one of his so pleased that the Jereed.

1838. no larger than a watch-dial add that. journal for August. when out jumps Aboo Zadek." us that an Mr. had a son of very diminutive stature in fact. of Sevenoaks. Dye was on several occasions. was Dye. a wine- he filled the office merchant. a native of that place. he was shorter than some of the exhibited dwarfs . it is doing well. for the purpose of exhibiting him —a proposal which gave the parent rejected. with his son. Strand. tells now deceased. 1838. and are weighing two pounds.: DWARF m A SWEETMEAT BOX. 14th. and . and was indignantly On January feet in height. says Considerable curiosity has been excited in the neighbourhood of Stenhousemuir for the last fortnight. and begged them to open the box and take some of them. whose name . and was born though measm-ing only seven inches. who the streets offered to hire the latter for a term of years. but we happy to with the mother. by the a birth of an extremely dimiat the full nutive child. old acquaintance of his. time. 421 from Constantinople and when any tell visitors arrived the bey's brother used to them he had just re- ceived a present of sugar-plums. accosted when walking in by strangers. ! and repeated !' exclamations of WaUah ! WaUah Allah Akbar " " An Edinburgh An infant dwarf. in Northumberland-street. child is The face of this fairy-like . . but his faculties were so well developed that of book-keeper to Hannen. It is girl. died at Paisley John MiUer. who was onLy three His knee-joints did not play. much annoyance. John BuUock. to their great ' terror.

and as they were of the poorer scanty. roller he held the pencil in his teeth. independent in his He would not submit to receive parochial relief. classes. Ms legs was produced by the hip-joints Instead of arms he had merely two stumps. the motion of alone. a female. His longer stump termi- nated in something that had a slight resemblance to a finger and thumb. On one occasion . and moved the with his stump with great accuracy and expedition. in his town . him to hold a When he first learned to write. and showman to touch him. Latterly. with actions. however. he expressed a wish to and was taken to the spot for that purpose but on seeing her picture on the canvas outside. and most spirit. he did so with also his foot.. which he performed many usefiil On becoming a teacher. but less than half the length of an ordinary person's arm. but by means of his school . which enabled pen. He paid great attention to teaching. which he did about twenty years before his death. his income was very He was of a good disposition. the other being rather longer. In ruhng his copy-books. one of which was only a few inches long. and at one time had about one hundred and twenty scholars. this. application was made by a to get showman dared the he resented him as an object for exhibition but armed himself with a poker. When he was young. with a malformation similar to his own. he could not be prevailed on to go further. 422 GIANTOLOGY AST) DWAKFIANA. he wrote with his stump before alluded to. was exhibited see her. he had only thirty or forty.

and himself afterwards. and died on the following Monday. off of his school. ill He was one Saturday. were taken believed to have hastened his death. . 423 supported his mother until her death a few years before his own.DWAEF SCHOOLMASTER. The falling and the fear of abject poverty.

with a roll of papers under his arm." He was a great giant. the dwarf messenger of the Houses of Parliament. though a dwarf in of Sir favoturite Thomas . short people —Dwarfs' Dwarf in Paris — Dwarf Money — Sun- A LiTHOGEAPH now before us represents George length. ftill and hat. but a most enormous and unnatural-looking head. in a dress coat Trout. where he was familiarly known as " the dwarf. and he was occasions he often messages to different parts of the town by them with upon which ." character for He was in a well-known many years Westminster HaU." He was not a yard high. and used carried. Indian Dwarf Little Unknown sells his body Olympic Theatre— What is it ?—Highland Dwarfs Don Francisco Hidalgo Marquis of Lilliput ^the Gluricaune Black Fairy Queen Dwarf Giantess Jan Hannema French Dwarf The Aztecs Edwin Calvert Garibaldi and Dwarf Lilliputian King— Chung Mow Che Ma Che Sang Dwarf at Milan Dwarf Marriage Dwarf Traveller Colonel — — — Dwarf at — — — — — — Chaffin — Dwarf Preacher— Eccentric — — — — — — — — Husband— Stories about dry Dwarfs. endorsed " Par- liamentary Eeport for 1839. and had extremely short arms and legs. His singular appearance attracted the attention of the of many members Houses sent of Lords and Commons. talk of the despatches which he He was "in word a deed. was exceedingly important to in his small way.— CHAPTER George Trout XVI.

He died from decay of nature in the infirmary-wax-d of that establishment. thers His parents and his bro- and sisters were aU rather above the middle height. so that he might enjoy it in his lifetime. . that he would not mind giving lOZ. In 1839 was bom at Benares an Indian dwarf. because he ob- more money in a shabby dress at the doors . The dwarf said he should have it. Trout was once an out-patient A story goes that who was not much surgeon. so that he might . but White died before Trout. He soon received the 101. for his body when he was dead. as it for parts of his body in advance. named Mahommed Baux. appear respectable in the lobby of the House tained but Trout iiavariably disposed of them. of the Westminster Hospital. who presented him with several suits of clothes.. and at last he was forbidden access to the lobby. Margaret's Workhouse in July. but he shrewdly bargained that he should have tlie price first. in this way. and he when born was not a small child but he did not increase in size as other children did. was at that time the principal and eminent One day he said to old Trout. and he went to St. in a joking manner. infirmity and poverty came upon him. the usher of the black rod. where Anthony White. 1850. He therefore used to call on White when five or ten in little difficulties. At seventy-six years of age. DWAEF SELLS HIS BODY. 425 Thyrwitt. less singular in his ways than the dwarf. and obtain from him were shillings at a time. 1851. a few days before December 27th.

where he arrived by the Nile at the end of March. although his mental qualities were rather above than below the ordinary standard. and could fight He returned to Calcutta at the latter end of 1859. in the Lord Sahib's camp. . and never did any harm. he witnessed the dreadful mas- sacres of the ladies place. often being was the pet of the invited districts by the most distinguished natives and British where he was always a his amiable conduct residents to their houses. and was remarkable for his gentlemanly deportment. For a short time he was rear. For many years Mahommed about Calcutta. and continued so until being unfit for duty. visiting various stations. Strand. "because he was a dwarf. visitor. he accompanied him to England. then about inches had very easy. also at the bar of the Sir John FalstafF tavern. His father was emhe was discharged as ployed as a sepoy in the East India Company's service. thirty-seven Mahommed Baux was high. was able to converse in English. nobody. his commencement of brother took him up the the country." own words. in Brydges-street. welcome on account of and pleasing manners. left but a sudden movement of the camp him in the At Cawnpore. unem- barrassed manners. and children which there took to use his and was only himself saved. 1860. and becoming intimate with a Mr. He was and exhibited as a novelty at Cremorne Gardens. At the outbreak in India.426 GIANTOLOGT AND DWAEFIAITA. Francis. is His full-length portrait given in the Illustrated London News for May 12th.

THE WHAT IS IT ? 427 1860. and uncouth figure. a dwarf. but had a kindly humour in them. the ' . with Freeman. the American giant. crawled on the ceiling. in the same year." who nearly every day walked in James's Park. insist- . who acted a fly in pantomime. A for A writer in the Illustrated London says : News December 29th. where he attracted much attention in consequence of his eccentric appearance.* portrait of the former has been engraved. 1843. exhibited . Unlmown. and in the London Journal for June 2d. At the conclu- sion of the performance. called the St. named Signer Hervio Nano. himself as an unclassified animal. and yapped and barked admirably. to the great terror of the ladies. and entitled The Son of the Desert and the Demon Cliangeling. were not altogether glad when a blundering friend recognised the accomplished actor in his den. yellow coimtenanee. in a piece written for them. About 1840 " Little lived a man of dwarfish stature. Those who saw through the dodge. the dwarf. who displayed the much histrionic ability. . This animal. or leapt from scene to scene as a monkey. led the giant before curtain to receive the applause of the audience. On March 16th. and covered him with confusion by * Vide page 223. distress What is it ?' exhibited the same natural when people too closely examined. 1866. appeared on the stage of the Olympic Theatre. " Some twenty years ago a poor and marvellously deformed dwarf.

and the girl was occupied with Imitting and sewing. forty-five inches high. a tartan of dark green and white and red narrow stripes . forty-four inches high. 1846. by Mr. Mackenzie." vey Leach died of something beHeve the We "What is it?" or the at the Woods. ing on shaking hands and giving him the Freemason's grip . broadswords and steel The full-length portraits of the three are engraved in the Illustrated London News for May 30th. and weighed five stone ten pounds. and weighed five stone eleven pounds. in Regent-street. these dwarfs. perat formed their national dances Bucking- ham Palace before the Queen. was exhibited that the deception Wild Man of the Egyptian HaU. was twenty-three years old. and the male dwarfs carried targets. Mary. and was very soon discovered. . John. father eldest was a herd upon the dwarf.428 GIAOTOLOGY AND DWAKFIANA. the district. They were named Maekinlay. They wore the full dress of the clan of Ross. Cosmorama Rooms. their sister. The Finlay. Li 1846 three Highland dwarfs were publicly exhibited at the London. forty-four inches in height. the consequence of which was that poor Harlike starvation. the other male dwarf. and the Duchess of Kent. Prince Albert. was nineteen years of age. was twentyold. and were Their hills in born at Lochcarron. in the county of Ross. The lads in their native country were employed in herding collecting eggs and in on the hiUs . one years and five stone three pounds in weight. accompanied On May and sang 21st. 1846.

race in the world. The report of the exhi- bition of a small child exciting the curiosity of the world. He nothing at present in the world that can approach him as a curiosity of nature. 42 years old. and smaller than them aU. or 29 inches high.: DWARF AT MADRID. astonished at those exhibitions. as appears from a comexhibition placard as now " before us. For 18 years he was attached to the court of Madrid. ! The former runs follows Now open Don Francisco Hidalgo.' to those who were intellect. Rooms. in the reign of Ferdinand the 7th . have and beauty. He will be found a correct . and those who were dissatisfied. beautiful and intellectual countenance. The Don without doubt. for 12 years he has been living in retirement near Madrid. The Cosmorama Rooms were paratively recent hand-biU and also 429 favoured with the visit of another dwarf. Wonder and nances of his there is astonishment visitors. The to the attention of the public has lately been drawn exhibition of ' small children . of mind. has arrived in London from Madrid. the greatest curiosity of the age. 209 Regent-street. well-formed. has been the occasion of the Don once more coming before the pubhc. now an opportunity of little being gratified with the sight of this personage. He holds his levees at the Cosmorama is. is depicted on the countestands alone unrivalled . the most extraordinary specimen of the human History does not mention one so small. being only 3 spans and a half. what must be their feelings on seeing a perfect man. speaks three languages.

was the fairy dwarf or elf of Ireland's folk-lore. a dwarf. A splendid print " of the Don. at the gent-street. half-price. generally mischievous. The Cluricauiie. roU over his ear. and white He and wears a small mous- tache. In 1848 was exhibited at the Cosmorama Rooms. 209 Re! Marquis of Liliput years old Don Franhigh Hidalgo ' —42 ' —29 inches — ^the smallest Man ever created !" In the middle is a full-length portrait of the dwarf in cuffs. Some small tobacco-pipes which have been found in Ireland were believed by the peasantry to have belonged to the Cluricaunes. Is. as mentioned in Orofton Oroker's Legends of Ireland. and Admiral Van Tromp. In his right hand inscribed." The figure seven inches and a quarter high. him- occupied himself often with shoemaking. attached self to particular families. representation of the Cluricaune. a dress-coat. four times the length of the you are reading. bition Hours of exhiEvening. is mentioned above.. open vest. the cisco worded as follows : Now Cosmorama Eooms. 6 to 9 o'clock. bill is The exhibition exhibiting. He was six inches high.430 GIAlirrOLOGT AITD DWAEFIAiTA. in Regent-street. called named Jan Hannema. third the size of for sale at the rooms. No. from 12 to 4 Admittance ! o'clock. and recreated himself with drinking and smoking. is a in the left is a paper " One-fourth the which size of life. the Friesland phenome- ." The handbill is seven inches and a quarter in length. children and servants Reader bill the Don is exactly life. from — Day. and long hair is falling in a stick.

the Prince of . and countryman. a Dutch burgomaster. and a wiggeddanced. He was a capital comedian. flourished his sword bravely. He was the in the receipt of a pension granted to him by King of Holland in consideration of his homoeopathic proportions.. Prince and Princess of Parma. aged not quite ten years only twenty-eight inches in height. the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge. well formed and healthy. and the King and Queen of Holland and he was visited in London in 1848 and the following year by thousands of persons. smoking a pipe and-gowned barrister. He was patronised by Queen Yictoria. He also also represented . the the Princess Mary. Orange. with a telescope in the other. Admiral portrayed his in his illustrious Van Tromp. being less by three inches than General Tom Thumb . wrote a good bold hand . His complexion was light. Prince Albert. JAN HANNEMA. and trod an im- aginary quarter-deck firmly. One of his handbills now before us contains his Van Tromp costume. non. and ruddy. and weighed sixteen pounds. and his hair He was exceedingly animated. says. his eyes blue. in Friesland . boxes. and other thiags . " The Admiral is full-length portrait in his a sword in one hand and Another of his handbills exactly three times and a half . He marched. the Duchess of Kent. fenced. intelligent. played cards. sang. and was fond of music. constructed small articles of furniture. dress. He had fair not increased either in height or weight since he was nine months old. 431 He was a native of Fruneker. the Duchess of Gloucester.

Leicester -square. or. Has been exhibited at the University College. indeed. Miss is Mary Jane Youngman..432 GIANTOLOGT bill AlTD DWAEFIANA. 1850.M. She should be truly magnificent seen by old and young. Canterbury. acknowledged to be the smallest living child in the world. who and weighs 13 stone 6 lbs. Gibbs. height. This wonderful child now to be seen at Saville House to (front room). Evening ex- About hibited at this period.M. which bears manu- script date. old." portrait of In the centre fat a full-length is an uncommonly is young female. Woolwich [these words written in]. August. Daughter of W. 6d. " Just arrived from only 15 years of age. Admission. is Children half-price. and weighs only four pounds. now exhibiting Market Hill. the waist. The "Wonderful Dwarf Giantess.. a dwarf giantess was Saville House. from 11 A. in the world. A handbill now before us." you are reading. 2 feet. London. 4 feet 3 inches round the shoulders she measures 3 feet 6 inches. at who have . High-street. 1 foot. announced " The Fairy Queen. round the leg. has also had the honor of attending many private parthe residences of the nobility. Leicester- square. : She issued the following handbill Australia. Such female proportions were never before witnessed in England . Two years sixteen inches high. round . 11 P. of Blean. &c. is and round the arm. before 500 medical gentlemen. the length of this parties attended. farmer. who the as broad as she long. 35 inches. ties.

. and weighs only about 5 pounds. for May 24th. bourne-street. as men- tioned above. interesting. now 13 months old. feature. who at that time were exhibiting at the corner of Hall-street. she was exhibited at No. beauty of form. "We She is visited yesterday the Black at French Dwarf. 60 King-street (Kings. being full twenty inches in circumference. the following month. little the most beautiful. Leicester-square. 1851. she weighed only one Illustrated pound and a half London News. is Her head larger than ordinary. whilst her limbs possess extraordinary strength and agility." &c. 47 Leicester-square. been astonished 433 and delighted with her graceftd manners. " 4. now exhibiting ton). con- tains the portrait of this diminutive child and her mother. was exhibited at No. 1851. and lively disposition. and diminutive child ever exhibited to the public . Her feet were two inches and in length she was perfect in every limb intelligent. and gives FF . indeed a very great curiosity thirty inches in height." Probably she was Miss Gibbs. only her age seems to have fluctuated. The Jamaica Standard. 1852. and was pretty and When The born.THE FAIKT QUEEN. says: for December 15th. yet of full and mature form. and was then announced to be of the In same height and weight. stands 16 inches high.3 Cran- The Fairy Queen. No. Islington. Goswell-road. An engraving of the pair was sold at their places of exhibition for one shilling. In March. She is intelligent.

into which no European had tered city. . They were them stated to have been brought to North America. life. as and after wandering many years build the nomadic tribes. who carried off. and so greatly feared being discovered. a Spanish priest of Central America told a tale about a walled city ever en- named Iximaya. they at length commenced. she was born in the parish of St. originally came from some unknown region in the north-west. to Mexican cities. This he stated. in the . and Hammond. or. who lived in total seclusion the rest of the world. Huertis. was eighteen years of age . a Spaniard. bringing with arts of the them the civilised country whence they came. Incited by this ac- count. and her name is Jane McKenzie. 1853. and that they. lest their crowing might be heard.434 GliLNTOLOGT all AND DWAEFIANA. contained the living remnant of the from all lost Aztecs. She ready replies to told us she questions proposed to her. never again returned. where this Lilliputian race had been for many centuries worIt is shipped by the inhabitants as sacred objects. in 1849. in central South America. Yelasquez. two children called Aztecs were exhibited in London. about the thirteenth century. at the hazard of his city from the mysterious and almost unknown of Iximaya. that they kept their cocks in underground pits. Early in the present century. by Velasquez. having entered. said that the Aztecs were the most powerful of the early Mexican tribes." In June. with distant others. John (Jamaica).

are said to have penetrated the wonderful whence the former brought away two mysterious children. Prince members of Buckingham Palace. exhibited in New York as great ethnological curiosities . male and female. the Emperor of Austria and his family. and reThe ceived from them several valuable presents. In 1853 they were brought to Eng- land. in 1849. at the White House. the Emperor of Russia and his family . the Duchess of Brabant and other illustrious person- They became a great problem in to men of science England. and allowed marry only among themselves. and other the royal family. and Denmark. Washington. AZTEC CHILDKEN. where they appeared before the Queen. Hanover. Count de Flandres . Whence their physi- — cal degeneration and diminutive forms. the Prince of Wales. Bavaria. in Paris late . These children were. and much has been said and written about them but the most learned physiologists have . the King of the Belgians . and were the guests of President Fillmore. guardians of these Aztec children exhibited them at Albert. 435 year 1848. who were members objects of adoration to of a sacred race. regarded as by the inhabitants. Subsequently they appeared before the Emperor Napoleon and his family at the Tuileries.. . whom they found squatted on an altar as idols. brother and sister. and city. the Kings and Queens of Prussia. and many other places in London and the provinces. the Adelaide G-allery. Holland. at the Hanover-square Rooms.

his wife. Dr. not attended with goitres. rendered additionally curious by a pecuhar form of idiotcy. Models were made of them for the ethnological . department of the Crystal Palace but discussion proving that they were not typical or representative of a race.436 GIAJSTTOLOGY AND DWAEFIANA. They were dwarfish and Spanish trader. An- other physiologist thought that they were the children of an African negress by a Portuguese idiot. decided that the story brought to this country with them all. Professor Owen on examin- ing them pronounced that they were merely exceptional dwarf specimens of some race Americans —of the usual — ^probably South stature. formerly of Hanwell. in the province of San Miguel. and Dr. in his Travels in th6 Free States of Central America. Their mother is said to have been living in 1864. well-pro- portioned dwarfs. says that they are nothing more than of this two remarkably undeveloped individuals mixed kind. at their birth. A named . ConoUy. then living in the village of Decora. is a fiction . these models were never used. and that they are the twin children of Innocente Burgos and Martina Espina. idiotic St. hybrid race called Sambos. about 1857. and that they were not Aztecs at but mere children of arrested growth. and were mere exceptional phenomena. with a mixture of European blood . asserted that they were examples of a peculiar kind of cretinism. Carl Scherzer. that a cross between American Indians and negroes. It has been said that these children belong to a is. Salvador.

although a little inclined to run two into one. as. The first story of these children being brother and . or one-jointed members. Europe. named Morris. in this respect rather superior to the male physical development. he sold them to an American. in order to get them cured of possession their imbecility. Their small heads looked smaller for the mass of frizzly black hair which enveloped them. but this sign was absolute in the little fingers of the male. 437 Ramon to take Selva. the absence of ideas. but as little cerebrum as would hold the smallest portion of intelligent brain. they first came to England they knew no difficulty although with to much they had been taught pronounce a few words of English. doll-like They were very diminutive and ture . seeing them. and the incapacity articulate words. Hence their almost total want of memory. They had a allowance of cerebellum. which were simple spondees. and When language. who brought them made a show of them. in sta- their appearance their was very fantastic and original. she was in The joints of all her fingers were daclyUic. indeed.AZTEC CHILDEEN. and manners were Strangely and elfin-like novel. for applying or even learning to The female was . proposed to their mother them to the United States. Their heads of stunted and faces differed curiously fi-om those persons in common. . the sign of a low organisation. The facial angle was fair about equal to that of a hawk. They were active in their gambols. Having thus got to of them.

it is Maximo and grown to They presumed. No cost was spared outfit and its adjuncts. St. Their wedding-breakfast was given in Willis's at Rooms. who their guardian. The bridegroom red strip of wore evening dress. She wore a white satin dress. at the age of ninety years. and that of her husband is still thirty-six. although not in so noticeable a degree. which is that of childhood. denoting his claim to a foreign order. high. a wreath of orange-blossoms.438 sister GIANTOLOGT AND DWARFIANA. it is sat down. has recently been ignored. Morris. In- deed the lady's form presents the appearance of mature womanhood. 2. 1858. so had his bride. has given a series of enter- tainments with them in London. which caused her a great deal of trouble. died in the Rue du Four. but not so attenuated as first they were when they appeared in public. which a large party in the marriage cos. or twenty -three inches and a half. and liberally adorned with brilliants. a dwarf named Richebourg. and a and crimson ribbon.t. they gistrar's office in were married to each other at a re- London. with a white waistcoat. and on January 7th. are stiU slim of figure. jerky gait. Mr. Bartola have now. Germain. Her age is said to be twenty-three. who was only sixty centimetres. a camellia in his button-hole. under the names of Senor Bartola Velas- Maximo Yaldez Nunez and Senora quez.000Z. the lady's having said. Paris. About October. He was . and a lace veil. their full stature. cut low. prior to their in- tended departure for Italy. 1867. He had a stooping.

and intelligent youth. 439 "when young in the service of the Duchess of Orleans. He was a clever performer on the he could dance some of the most fashionable ancient and modern dances for . and he sent for Calvert. Tom Thumb took ofi" . mother of King Louis Philippe. Li 1859 Edwin Calvert. a dwarf of some celebrity at Skipton. and weighed only twenty-three pounds and a He was used to a sharp. alarmed when he heard the voice of one but in his family he was very hvely. the despatches being concealed was dressed in his cap. his death. and for that purpose he as a baby. General Tom Thumb passed through Skip- ton. violin . and he was a gi'eat mimic of birds and other animals. died from the effects of drink. and a nurse being made last to carry him. but he performed none of the duties of the first After the to revolution broke out he was employed convey despatches abroad. Arrangements were being made him to be presented to the . title of butoffice. quick. seventeen years of age.DIPLOMATIC DWARF. and was . He had own a great repugnance to strangers. life During the in the twenty-five years of his all he lived Rue du Four. thirty-six inches in height. He was half. The Orleans family allowed him a pension of three thousand francs. with the ler . and cheerful in his conversation. Queen . and that time never went out. a court dress was being made and in less than a month he was going to London and then on A few months before the Continent for exhibition. and visit the most aristocratic families in the neighbourhood.

After one camie He again was refused.. Mbw. but this time on the right side . indeed I Garibaldi. " The King. pointing to a wound in his breast. and joyfully exclaimed. only twenty -two inches high. he fell dead at Garibaldi's feet." and. ! General. was exhibited at Barnum's Lilliputian Museum in New York. boots. you would not take me. and begged the individual General to accept him. a Tartar dwarf. For ever reign the rival of Tom Thumb — 1" When formed Garibaldi was in Sicily a dwarfish de- little man presented himself as a volunteer but he was refused by the committee. " Ah. and I am wounded. and was scarcely over when the poor fellow again ac- costed his chief: " Here I am. too. bravo are and where you wounded ?" After some showed a wound between said Garibaldi. and weighs but seventeen pounds. ! I knew you it The soldier retired Another battle soon followed . " See. hesitation." Early in 1866 Chung three years old. . he went to Nothing Garibaldi. wounded again. thirty- and only thirty-eight inches high. have . replied. General." who re- cognised the man. easily throw them " as they I were too large Immortal hero all thy foes o'eroome." quite confused. 440 his GIAlJTOLOGr AND DWAEFIANA. but you could not prevent my coming. " wounded in the back would never be anything good. the other "0. own and the other got into them ofF. I have fought well. . the little of the first battles up to Garibaldi. In February. daunted. 1864. he could for him. four- teen years old. fie !" his shoulders.

" Sala. two dwarfs. The most interesting to Dwarf in existence. at one wen. in England. from Milan the Daily Telegraph. Che Mah Che Sang. His hedfellow was an imbecile goitres." On April 22d. Samuel Neild and Janet Campbell. the hurdy-gurdy As I set to the imperfect intellectuality of the dwarf. 32 inches high. and weighing 40 artificial lbs. I A dwarf with two goitres is for the endurance of a rather too much even news- paper correspondent. and showed in striking disproportion to companion. But the line might be drawn. forty -nine years of age. 441 was exhibited giant. with madmen and and found them very pleasant company. writing on July 11th. were married together at the The bridegroom was parish church of that town. who were then engaged at a theatre in Sunderland. in idiots. In 1866 was exhibited in London " The Greatest Wonder of the Age. 1867. the Chinese Chung Mow had a most amusing face and his manner. 1866. says : " The correspondent of one of your contemporaries. the most diminutive man in Europe. and forty -two inches in . 25 Living years old.IMBECILE DWAEF. with Chang. my time. about the /iiscomforts to which newspaper correspondents were subjected. who woke up at five in the dwarf with two morning to play Garibaldi's hymn on by that. think. little store I have consorted much. was at last admitted to a half-share in a straw pallet. after going without food or shelter for thirty-six hours.

cheerful and sensitive and not in any way about his singular dwarfishness. twenty-seven inches high. ticularly mournful.442 height . and afterwards he intended to produce his book of travels in English. of which nearly sixty thousand miles were accomplished on foot. He is has aU the ap- pearances of manhood. 1867. having walked there overland from Sydney. and lower part is covered with tangled red hair. He however. who is about forty-two years of age. and thiriy-eight inches high. before his final return to Germany. He had travelled over a great portion of the globe. and he commenced his travels about fifteen years ago. and Siberia. with the object of writing a history of the world. His intention in Russian Tartary. and weighs between twenty-five and thirty pounds. This stupendous feat he hoped to accomplish in about three years and a half. He could without any great fatigue walk forty miles a day for Jxily last many was days in succession. He was thirty-one years of age. resides "Colonel" Josephus Chaffin. a native of Hesse Oassel. In July. and traversed a space of about one hundred thousand miles. Christian Frederick Schafer. and he converses with vivacity and intelligence. and wrinkled. to visit India. and paris. and the bride was thirty-seven j'ears of age. arrived at Melbourne. In Bedford county. sunken. in America. His voice of a childish treble. China. a German dwarf. its His face is worn. Many years ago he was exhibited in all the cities of North and South . hopefiil in disposition. GIAiJTOLOGT AND DWAEFIANA.

He . is now is living a Methodist preacher. Lately died in Paris an eccentric character who. and long gray hair. He is said to have been a Douglas democrat. The father curious mannikin were both stout and hearty persons. the Barri^re at midnight. . passing all . thence he would set aside half the quarter where he lived. First he to the Palais take another journey. according to the Daily Telegraph for September 17th. He has adopted a sensational style of discourse. from the Palais Eoyal to preferred a corner near du Tr6ne. " was immensely old. at seven in the morning. and caused some interest in various country places. and wonderfully diminutive. from Eoyal . to have participated in the distress and anxiety of the Southern people. 443 America. where he has preached to as many as three or four thousand persons at one time.ECCENTRIC DWARF. and excited mucli interest and wonder but since that period he has been living in obscurity in Bedford county. He an hour for and an hour for his dinner. He is supposed to have passed more This than half his eccentric life riding in omnibuses his would begin went omnibus pilgrimages. 1867. his breakfast. named who only an inch taller than Tom Thumb. the rest of the day in omnibuses and he always contrived to obtain a ticket for the last omnibus which went. as are also his two brothers. He had a cheerfiil look. and to believe that secession was the cause of the war and mother of this in his country. There Noble. sparkling eyes.

of his dence' effects. ticket into his pocket. One of vehicle his eccentricities was. carefully and labelled. tricity of this little old The consistent eccenhas been explained on man the score that in his dementia he imagined himself to be a secret inspector of omnibuses. and to wake wake police him up in time to catch the next . Nottingham." Some time in the present century a living at dwarf named Elizabeth Dean. saying he to allow drowsy. Habitually he stuifed the and paid afresh on beginning or three days since he en- the next journey. partook of dinner. and then. it The speedily obtained his address. asked the waiter him to snatch a short nap. lost his wits who had through the unexpected inherit- ance of a considerable fortune. in order to detect the possible frauds committed by omnibus conductors. fifteen When an inventory was taken ' hundred omnibus sorted correspon- tickets. so that he might chat with the conductor. and that the was discovered omnibus eccentric was a native of Nantes. but of this he very rarely made use. that on entering a he always asked for a 'correspondence' ticket.444 GIANTOLOGT AND DWARFIANA. who was . Two felt tered his accustomed restaurant. whose duty to it was go about and report the number of passengers. were found in one of his drawers. the door. entitling him to ride gratuitously in another omnibus belonging to the same line . omnibus for the BatignoUes but when the waiter came : to him the poor off little man was apoplectic dead he had been carried by an stroke.

was in accidentally scalded injuries by the upsetting of a kettle. a witness in a cause among " other things. coat. would look down as if from a two-pair-of-stairs window. says our author." fomad in some places in England." rejoined the other. espoused such a gigantic if woman that he was obhged to climb upon a table This he wanted to woman. "and you did you would have more law in your pocket than you have got ancient in your head. nor ever lay A barrister who was severely cross-examining at a provincial assize. an attorney of diminutive stature. what his profession or calling was. and ask who it was that kept grumbling there below. Henry Stephens relates an anecdote of a dwarfish man who had kiss her. An attorney." if "Very probably. that he never wore a great long in bed. . in his edition of Camden's Britannia. and a verdict of accidental death a few days afterwards." was the answer. A man who was below the middle stature said that he could boast of two negative qualifications. asked him. returned. and from the which she received she died An inquest was held upon her body. when her husband was vexed or out of humour.ANECDOTES OF DWARFS. thirty-four years of age. Dwarfs' money was the name given to certain coins Gough. sel " You an attorney?" said the counI could put you in rudely. and as feeble and incapable as a child of a year old. namely. 1789. 445 twenty-seven inches high. "why. my pocket.

money of the Csesars. whose portrait also has been published . unable to obtain information are portrait — Mattias and autograph were disposed of at Mr. whose whole-length portrait has been engraved. in Herefordshire. a foreign dwarf. Jacob Ries. who was exhibited at the Egyptian Hall who when in height.Mademoiselle Catharina. grown measured only twenty inches . a German dwarf. was often found at Kenchester. FiUinham's sale. full . Among whose the dwarfs about whom we have been GullisB. and an Englishman named Birch. .446 says that GIANTOLOGT AND DWAKFIANA. called dwarfs' money.

near Dundalk. At Ballymas- candlan. Giant Statues at Bamian of Trendle Hill Zealander Tall — Giants' Graves— Giants' Beds— Giant —Hindfi. 1789. and some upon the surface of the earth. and which was called In the same county. some in excavations.— APPENDIX. cut out in stone. near was a cromlech of large stones. also cut out of the rock. tallest is The about seventy cubits high. caves. certain the Giant's Grave. mentions that at Lugna Clogh. under which human bones had been found. in Louth. Page Sligo. Gough. clear from the mountain of which they once formed part. the almost inaccessible entrance to which had a path about one hundred paces long before it. Of the kind are three gigantic statues at Bamian. . twelve feet long by six feet wide. cut out of the rock of Corren. cut in stone. Legend— Scandinavian Giants—Tall — Woman— Sutherland— German Giant— Giant Duke of Saxony — The Child of Hale— Great George — Miller the Giant— Irish Giants—Walking in —Wiltshire Giant — Prussian Guards —Tall Essex Woman — Great Man of Waes — Giant Girl—Italian Giant—Tall Youth— MacGrath—Byrne — Cotter—Man Mountain—Tall Women—Bamford and Lord Mountford— the Dragon— Giant Soldier—Long Tom Aerostatic Giant— Giants in the Clouds — Giant Girl— Chilcott. were called the Giant's House. and the shortest about twenty cubits. 44. In Hindostan are many last giant figures. was a cromlech of an oval form. Stilts splays Page 19. in his edition of Camden's Britannia.

cunning Nature. and having a cromlech in the centre. was a giant's cave four feet and a half wide at the feet mouth. thirteen feet and a half long. to was be seen near a it. on a craggy promontory. in one of the same islands. Near TolshiU. In Sanda. who with his hand could reach as high as the top of the chapel there. one of the Orkney Islands. Mary. a giant. In Shernes or outside the Saila. enclosing a horse-course. was giant's being an earthwork eight hundred and forty-two paces in circumference.448 GIANTOLOGY AiTD DWARFIANA. a grand and solemn edifice. Hill. Near Drumboe ring. and another was on the ground broken. was a giant's grave. rocks. traditionally belonging to a giant. in Down. was a grave nineteen feet long. of which there . which have a castel- and have therefore been called the Giant's Castle. weighing between thirty and forty tons. Dykes of Hamna. In St. and resting upon three other stones. being a monument of standing stones. This was called the Giant's Load. whose grave. were originally three but in late times one was short- ened. built by that architect. . another of the Orkneys. are certain massively piled- up and towering granite lated look. one of the SciUy Islands. and was said to have been brought there by Parraghbough M'Shaggean. covered entirely with Isle of flat stones. a cell of stonework twenty feet long by five feet wide. and three two and a In the half high. out of huge boulders. Man lofty square pillars are called the Giant's Quoiting-stones.

a ruin called the Giant's Hole. and sis feet between the joints. giants' ebmains. hollowed out of a z'ock. and generally enclosed with stones of great weight. see the impres- The Giant's Head is the name of a cape on the Giants' Beds are east coast of St. different sizes. Near the Red in Shropshire. in Lancashire. Near Bristol is a cavern Castle. the circular walls of which. in is Salop. and having its central pillar of rough masonry. with intervening lengths of four. posed to be the graves of men who fell fousht in those countries between the Germans and Li Barbary is an ancient building the Vandals. one of a series of columnar rocks called the Giant's Chair. At Titterstone. They are of They are supin the battles sometimes very large. from which a legendary giant threw a great stone into a lane good distance ofP. five. is an excavation in a hill. a giants' hill. particularly near the coasts of the Baltic. called the Giant's Castle. are of immense thickness. one of which was circular. tumuli in Germany. 449 The site of the Roman station at Castlefield. and on the Island of Riigen. In the Doge's palace at GG . the hill being on the south side and upon the stone the credulous may sion of the hero's fingers. above the rock in which it is formed. its pillars are fifteen or sixteen feet high. called the Giant's Well.. near situated at a Leeds. Christopher's. Castle. was called the Giant's (or Tarquin's) A giant's cave in Westmoreland consisted roof supported by a of two caverns. on the north side of the adjacent river. is At Armley.

Accordingly. was pinioned and killed by the enraged traced his peasants on the spot. commemorate the de- on Trendle Hill. A Hindu us that after the gods had fixed on the proper time for churning the sea of milk. in contradic- name. but full of cunning. North America. North Germany. the waters round called Giants' Pots. latter. struction of a giant. Page 59. having feasted on some sheep in Blackmore. while the giants were very strong. and Sweden. settled the conditions. stones sometimes Places bearing that in name in are to be found at Eothbury Scotland. made by or rocks. Page 46. the gods made peace with the to share and gave the most solemn promise fruits with them the of their joint labours. being so called it. the Giant's Staircase. After churn- . and they became black. -which. and laid himself down to sleep on this hill. giants held The serpent Vasuci was twisted round a mountain instead of a rope. The gods and very they trees were a weak crafty . who immediately legend tells dimensions there for the information of posterity.450 Venice tion to is its GIAlTTOiiOGY AND DWAHFIANA. they found they could not accomplish the work without the assistance of the giants. Vulgar tradition makes the figure cut near Oerne. but his fiery breath scorched them. to work and in their immense labours and mountains were used. or the White Sea. out all much went Having . from the which adorn Circular holes on the whirling of are the banks of or in rivers. statues is small and elegant. who. and the him by his head. and withguile. race.

inhabit- ant of the mountayne Dofiraefiall." Page tions 86. Evelyn. Page 83. and foster father of Haraldus Pulcricomus. Also concerning Dumbo. in revenge of their father's death. in his Pilgrimes.SCANDINAVIAN GIANTS. King But Magnus. Her paof rents were of short stature. King of Nor- way. resided in Holland. he brought into the tuns of beer. to whom the tallest men seemed like children. who in a the encountering eighteen giants alone." festival hall two In 1323 a woman. as at the nuptial of the French king. 995. There is yet a later example of certayne giants of Norway. mentions several Scandinavian giants and tall kings of Norway. in either hand a tun. the son of Ericus. in Norway. destroyed by authority of Olaus of Norway. and strongly limbed. She was so strong that full she could lift up in one hand a barrel Ham- . in his Numismata. Triggo. that a giant of fifteen cubits was slaine by foure men. Charles the Fair (1322-1328). about the yeere of Christ the latest in the yeere 1338. being King of Norway. of DrofFon. heU before he himselfe was Of thirtie giants at once destroyed by fire by Dumbo's sonnes left. Purchas. from whom nicke in time past sea-fight who lived in the time Bay Boddick or Bothwas called Dumbshaff. menso tall " the Zealander. and afterwards gods and goddesses issued out of the waters. sent first to twelve of them slaine. 1697. He writes : " Concerning the giant Doffro. ing for five 451 years the froth began to appear.

. who died in 1546. could. The same author also relates that John Frederick. easily carry burgh beer. with wine he had scarce washed his as The Spaniards. 1807. a blue girdle embroidered with gold. being at Augsburg at an assembly of the Germany. who at a few mouthfiils. broad shoes. in his Beauties of England and Wales. says that Sir Gilbert Ireland took the Child of Hale to London. green stockings. drew one of his boots. account) "with some of the neighbouring Lancashire gentry. of Berrydale Cas- who lived at the end of the fifteenth century. was so big and tall that Germans used to say of him that when other filled men were sides. and (quoting fi-om a Ms. it and for its unusual greatness sent as a trophy to the Court of France. a striped doublet of crimson and white round his waist. which only sharpened his appetite. dizened him off with large ruffs about his neck and hands. measured nine feet five inches in height. and without any delay. and the great patron of Martin Luther. the Emperor Maximilian I. Hakewill says that in 1511. Page 94. powdered with blue flowers. off' having taken him prisoner. large white plush breeches. would States of devour a whole sheep or a calf. and could more than eight men tle. roasted or raw. Page William Sutherland. Britton. in 1547. there was presented to him a man of an unreasonable height and greatness. Duke the of Saxony. says Thuanus.452 GIANTOLOGT AlfD DWARFIANA. 87.

as his girdle. having high red heels. as I have it his own five 16 May 1711. 1644. Page 110. the length of whose : span I took upon my cane. is long seven foot inches. teUs us that the parish register of Leeds records. with blue and gold. 1681. in his Ducatus Leodiensis. Thoresby thus writes " Edmund Malloon. Thoresby. He was the thirteenth of twenty-three children that his father had by his third wife (for in all he had thirty-nine). who was publickly exposed here (Leeds) ann. 1714." He had inci'eased several inches is by 1728. this but himself. Page 119. 1683. with large bows. which happened about nine years before 1683.GREAT GEORGE. which he We think Thoresby wrong in the date gives of MiUer's birth. that amazing size at one time frightened away some rob his mother's house. a young fellow from Ireland. his We to are traditionally informed. under His father and rest of his relations were of the com- mon hand stature. and by his side a sword. and tied with large bows of red ribbon .. Page 114. 453 of a light colour. Thoresby says that Miller "was born in the city of Leipsich. and just below his knees were bandages of the same colour. on July 9th." It is thieves who came in the above dress that he appears in his picture at Hale.the burial of one Great George. but there is so particular . suspended by a broad belt over his shoulder. and embroidered. with the addition of a gold fringe upon tbe edge. 13 Aug.

only that in the three years' time betwixt the doctor's seeing have grown two inches him and mine. On May 22d. and referring to 1681. under whose arm a full-grown person could stand. being but sixteen years of age. These stilts were high shoes or tian anciently used by the VeneGrray. his floor. Plot that nothing material can be added. looking down He was helpless and disproportioned. aWiltshire man. in his women to increase their stature. one of these articles it worn at was pre- served in a foot museum at Yarmouth . Cowley. he seems to in height. was nearly one as and a half high. refers to a woman who was and yet walked always in choppines. a giantess." Thoresby. 1703. with about an . Tour on century. and he was standing on the the staircase.454 GIANTOLOaT AND DWAEFIANA. an Italian lady's Page 131. whose When I first saw him. says in the feet. too long. : " An Irishman has since been exhibited stature exceeded eight town of Leeds. the door of the room ' was open. for when here he wanted so much of seven foot and a half." traveller at the Page 127. end of the a seventeenth century. thigh-bones being much but 'when applied as a scale to the objects about him. and in 1795. the Continent^ at the tells end of the eighteenth us that cioppini were so Venice . and the spectators to dwarfs. but leaning with his elbow on the top of it. was exhibited at Halifax Jeremiah Street. the room diminished to a closet. and was described stilt. writing about 1714. an account of him by Dr.

inch clear. who died in 1737. before. Augustus. as fully developed as a woman age. twenty years of but her understanding and behaviour were those of a child of her own The same girl was . after two days' illness. all who is the admiration of that see her. that there in the village of Herby. Page 140.. says The Daily Post for September 24th. in the last-mentioned Page 134. says that a native of one of the Orkneys. written about 1716. on the sea is coast in Picardy. cor- pulent and unhealthy. four leagues from that town. year." to She was in every physical way age. Page 135. and nevertheless she is four foot high. 1724. He fell sick at Bradford. could reach only the chin of the tallest man to of the Prussian guards with his hand.. " They write fi-om Montrevil. being born the 15th of March. Boulonnois. Omer. in his work on the western islands of Scotland. Martin. King of Poland. The physicians and surgeons of Montrevil who have viewed her have sent their reports of her the faculty of Paris. who had died not long was for his stature distinguished by the name of the Micle or Great Man of Waes. on this The taU Essex woman referred page was Mrs. Page 136. where he died on June 13th. 455 He was seven feet five inches high. She is but four years and a half old.. : 1728. Gordon. . at her lodgings in Fleet-street. a girl named Mary Frances Derban. a man of good stature.GREAT MAN OF WAES. in the road to St.

" Is. in and that he was then twenty-seven years of age. a few miles from Bath. they had belonged must have been about seven The teeth were all perfect. to be seen. and only fifteen years of age. at the Ship. a giant indeed is Who and tho' but nineteen years of age. 1775. 1755. from ten in the morning till eight at night. Page 151. as Afterwards. The Public Grigli Advertiser for May ! 15th. 1753. marvel in the Daily Post for July 1728. This account tells the country of Trent. . contains the following advertisement of Bernardo : " The Italian Griant. us that he was a native of Riva.456 mentioned 19tli. each Another newspaper for the same year says that this place of exhibition alley. person. Early in January. we gather from a newspaper of 1763. 1756. is eight feet high. a stone coffin containing human bones was found in a field between Preston and Carnicot. he went on the Continent. GiUi. of admirable symmetry. person to The bones were of uncommon bigness. in that year. a girl of extraordinary strength and stature was presented to the royal family at Dresden. and gives his name as Bernard Schreber. in the Poultry. On September 23d. GIAJSTTOLOGY as a AND DWAEFIANA. at a commodious apartPrice ment. which says that he was at Vienna on Jime 22d. She was seven feet high. next door to the blanket and carpet warehouse. and the stature of the whom feet. was opposite Grocer' s- and that the giant intended to start for Bristol on July 20th. Page 150. in his History of Quadrupeds.

A newspaper of 1755 tells us that Macgrath was publicly exhibited at Hanau. on the patriotic principle of protecting their successors. in that year. with his hat on. and says that he was eight feet two inches high. and of the Peer of relies upon the Derby and it is Tommy the Tit. In March or April. and upwards of six feet in height. 457 mentions this giant under the name of Grilli. very active. Page 154. and as of Trent. only nine- teen years old." was issued by Cotter have given Page 170. yet measures eight feet high. 1783. having within four weeks previously grown one inch in height.GIGANTIC YOUTH. early in October. 1760. Page 152. : Page very gravestones have taken alarm at the tax upon burials . says " The 165. His height was so extraordinary. aged sixteen years. to deliver a fee-faw-fum negative to two of the branches of the legislature when the next subject of their de- Kberations. could walk under his arm. died at Islington William Ecles. a young gentleman. in Germany. in the Tyrol . He was three hundred and fifty-seven weight. and grew daily. the month in which Byrne died. The European Magazine for June. and . that a man six feet and a half pounds in high. The Irish Griant fi-iendship heads their councils. and several meetings have been held by the tenants of churchyards. If the following advertisement of 1779 and we think it was he pro- — — bably came to London earlier than the date which : we is " The surprising Irish giant. Swedish measm-e.

Cotter tain. — His is stay in town wiU be but London. and till from three in the afternoon one shilling eight at night. whose coffin six feet seven inches long. near Birmingham. who was upwards of six feet high. and to be seen at the house of watchmaker. Among the rest who went to Lord Mountford. allowed to be the most extraordinary person for size and proportion that ever appeared Mr. was exhibited in Cookspur.458 GIANTOLOGY AND DWARFIANA. In 1768 was married Edward Rad- a shopkeeper. see him was This noble- man was but he had sufficient to good sense humorously and laugh at visited jokes levelled at his small person. and of very fine to Miss Betsy figure. o'clock in the Admittance from eleven morning each till two in the afternoon. of Mary was Mitton. in the county of York. feet six inches wide.B. is just arrived in this city. opposite St. Bamford. fifty -two tells us of the interment at Bilston. three feet in depth. styled himself the the tall Page 188. in Clare-street. with a party of ladies. short. A newspaper of March. When he . the English giant. N. at Wath. and was visited there by many persons. aged years." as he on his way to Page 176. Adamson. 189. a name by which (vide page 138) also Man MounDuke of Cumberland was known in 1757. of that neighbourhood. 1762. Stephen's Church.street. diminutive in to receive size. in Europe. at person. SafFord. and three Page cliffe.

Giles's. 1773." Bamford had a considerable share of humour. Bamforcl his lordship was in high wit spirits. and he played the dragon in the Dragon him a very surly monster. On September Dyer's-street. I think gratified still you equally and if you have been with the sight of me. died in Page 190. and liim he said. The Scots' Magazine for March. 11th. He had been a soldier ever since he was eighteen years old. I have been if possible more entertained with having the honour and pleasure of seeing you. LOBD MOTINTFOED AND GIANT. according to a offered Bamford a grabut the latter pressed upon refused to take it. 1769. When . the show was over Lord Mountford tuity. of Wantley. if you consider me so . his deep voice making He is represented in a . St. and is called the Catch Club. contains a . it is impossible for me to take the fee for this exhibition. at the age of one hundred and four years. mezzotinto print leaning over a bass-viol this print contains the portraits of other musical persons. for I do assure your lordship. to his He used to sing in the choruses at Covent Garden Theati-e. eight inches high. 459 and his made him shine before the ladies whom he escorted. and a voice deep. " common custom when it was My lord. Peter Brenan. sonorous. and who were much amused with his sallies even the giant himself laughed. and well-adapted great figure.. and was called who was six feet Long Meg of Westminster. as a curiosity.

1785. In October. tall Procha- bably he was some well-known racter of the period. abandoned their houses. and high-sounding words. the Parisians were promised that an prostatic giant. died suddenly at the sign of the Clifford's Tower. public Page 192. men descend from did Page 193. The tempest two giants farmers said that during the were seen peeping out of the clouds." but who Long Tom was we are unable to state. and threatening.i the same day. On July 13th. be accompanied by several others of smaller It was anticipated that if this flying giant. 1788. upon Peasholm-green. or any of his suite. the inhabitants terror-stricken to see would be the clouds. that they would return the next yeai .460 GXANTOLOGT AND DWAEFIANA. ascend into the air. Many left of the people. from the author to his mistress. should aerostatic fall in a country where machines were unknown. eighteen feet in height. ballasted in such a its manner This as to preserve perpendicular. with greater scourges than the then present ones. with terrible countenances. should be let off from the Tuileto to ries. terrified at the report of this vengeful appearance. in poetical epistle which he " tells her that he loves her More than Long Tom those who treat him . In February. . 1788. and the district. ominous frowns. in York. colossal figure was size. a heavy storm much damage to the crops in France.

has introduced a dwarf. 461 few days pre- where she had been exhibited viously. or July.GIGANTIC SMOKER. and agreeable. ' and his usual address td them on such occasions was. and six feet four inches high. She was buried in St. Page 205. the stem of the pipe which he used was only two inches long. this . hips. and eighteen inches handsomely made. She was very well-proportioned. of Worcestershire. died at in Cornwall. fit. About June Trenaw. Peasholm. in consequence of an apoplectic a giant named ChUcott. and he consumed three pounds of tobacco weekly. " Come under my arm. and weighed about four hundred and sixty pounds. when " Marriage" was painted. as are at Oana." now in the Louvre. Page 257. This. Cuthbert's churchyard. four feet two inches round the breast. One of his stockings held six gallons of wheat. in his " Marriage no doubt. named Ann Groves. age. who was only five girl. is also the . four feet six inches round the . 1815. years old in June in that year. without his shoes he measured six feet nine inches round the breast. active. an anachronism. who was sixty years of . ' He was almost constantly smoking . She was four feet in height. round each leg weight. and she weighed near two hundredbeautiful. The curiosity of strangers who came to visit him gave him much fellow. little pleasure. for a a gigantic Bromsgrove. negro and greyhounds in the same picture but it shows that dwarfs were common at the entertain- ments of the great in Italy in 1563. PaulJVeronese.


Princess. 435. Actor. 87. sees a dwarf. Arabia. 378. sees dwarfs. sees a giant. 458. Barrister . a dwarf exhibited to. 413. 442. the. dwarf. Anakims. 369. 333. a dwarf. 88. Author. Ascapart. 361. a giant. 85. giant in two. Emperor. 369. Antwerp. Armitage. Augustus. Antonius keeps a dwarf. 262. 262. 322. Bamford. of giants. Baux. 219. 210. a giant. Mary Aim. a giant. giant clerk in. 440 229. a giant. 412. 428. King. Baconthoepe. 434-438. 104. a giant. keeps a dwarf. Gerrit. Princess. 82. Adamson. 209. Amulets. Albert. a dwarf. 215. Bagdad. 84. Alice. 213. 459. 181. 419. 9. Alberich. Alypius. 261. . 415. 206. 231. 414. 224. Princess. Prince. 22. Allen. 435 . 325. 404. giants of. 98. 56. a dwarf. 306. 261. exhibited Aztecs. keeps dwarfs. a dwarf. 168. a dwarf exhibited to. 413. Austria. 458. 426. 418. 109. 26. to. 198. 421. a dwarf. Princess. Anne. Arthur. 228. dwarf. Emperor and Empress of. 272. Amelia. King of. dwarf's clothes in. 262. Empress of. Alboinus. 231. 228. sees a giant. and dwarf. 79. Princess. 136. 359. 403. Adams. a giantess to. 131. 358. Abraham. 414. sees a dwarf. King. 189. 254. Bartholomew Fair. 268. 370. 193. a dwarf. 256. Abel's gigantic grave. Thomas. 60. 321. a dwarf monk. 5. 305. keeps dwarfs. 167170. 435. a giantess exhibited 274. Aerostatic giant. 284. Armour 206. 413. 365. John. Advantages of being short. 57. 119. Augusta Sophia. Mahommed. the. sees a dwarf. Aboo Zadek. Castle of. 11. Bedstead of a giant. dwarfs of a king of. King of. 61. 414. 242. Queen. Bank of England. Andromeda. Mrs. 405. 88. stature of. King. Akeneil. giant iiing of. 420. Aymon. 135. 308. 343-346. a giant. giants and dwarf at. 377. 267. 449. a giantess. sees dwarfs. Adam. 271. Marquis of. 435. a dwarf. Ashley. 53. the. Ambras. stature of. Bashan. 341. 445. 322. Bavaria. Bakke Bakke. 5. dwarf. 255. Adelaide. 8. giants'. see dwarfs. Betsy. 425. 256. 92. 269. a giant. Anglesea. 5. 367. 10. instructed by a dwarf. Vide Stage. Alexander Severus puts down the custom of keeping dwarfs. Africa. 215. a dwarf. Agreements for hiring giants. little old woman of. giants. 254. Ashmoleau Museum. Beds. 10. Barber of a giant describes him. Queen. 460. Bastiaansen. 404. 212. sees dwarfs. a dwarf. Bamum's dwarfs. 269. 256. 382. Bebg. John. 379. 334. a giant-killer. Belgians. 8.. Princess. 235. a giantess. 188. Edward. 4. 308. 136. 220. 431. 130. assembles giants and dwarfs. 97.INDEX. legend of a giant of. Auak. Aeeas Pasha.

88. 257. 366. Braw. a dwarf. Henry. helps a dwarf. 84. Birch. 63. a dwarf. Duchess of. Bouret entertains a dwarf. dwarfs in. 448. the. Cornelius. pensions a dwarf. 219. Birtles. 159. 24. Burns and dwarfs. 141. a giant king. of. Bullock. 366. a giant. Princess. Bocchor. Borbola. 187. King of Egypt. Peter. 446. Brenan.. 107. a giant. 261. 167. Bell's grave. 464 Belgians. a dwarf. 269. Hans. 114. 223. 34. a dwarf. a giant. a giant. 406. Chamber. 119. stature of. 457. Cangick giants. Cartwright. Janet. 124. 330343. a giant. Buckingham. a giant. a dwarf. 235. Queen of. a giant. Cathariua. 267. 274-284. 449. Antonio.278. 64. Duke of. Thomas. Blunderbuss. a giant. sees a dwarf. a giant. Calvus. a dwarf. Bell. 387. Bonomi. 360. 440. a dwarf. Changeling children. 365. giant guard of. 421. 249. a dwarf. 270. 359. 175. walks under a giant's arm. V. 153. Birthnoth. 88. 347. 142. Eoger. 383. 118. a dwarf. William. Bolster. 241. 221. Body. Brandenburgh. Cases. Baron. Prince. Biddy. 361. Betskoy. takes the cast of a dwarf 342. 46. 338. Box. 226-228. Caton. Duke of. Bradley. giant's. giant's. keeps a giant. a dwarf. giant porter 11. Casimir. Baron. 446. Chaffln. 307. Marc. giant's. 139. Brunswick-Hanover. court dwarfs of... a giant. Duke of. 395. General. 177. a dwarf. Castle. a giant. Caves. 137-139. Cauzzi. 157-165. Carter. a dwarf. Cajanus. a dwaif. a giant. Boothman. Bono. Bible dwarfs. 87. 449. 268. 358. Bucart. 63. 305. Elector of. a giant. 441. dwarf of. 126. a. Bourne. 236. 345. a dwarf. 260. Bow Fair. 388-390. Duke. a giant. of Spain keeps a dwarf. 172. 44. Boyd. tries to breed dwarfs. William. Prince. 46. Cambridge. Can. giants'. 318. a dwarf. 148. 241. a dwarf. Berkeley. 308. Edwin. of. 231. Buohinger. Blacket. Bertholde. a dwarf. 414. 174. Characus. 154. 359. 184. 414. 413. 449. Thomas. Catozze. 171. Daniel. 250. 439. 142-144. 261. Catherine of Medicis. Bigsby. Brabant. 309. a giant. 387. 39. a dwarf. Butcher. Chambers. 122. Robert. Benteurieder. Black Dwarf. 253. 201. John. keeps giant. Dr. 347-349. a dwarf exhibited to. 259. of. 431. 335. 425. 268. 36. Dr. giants. William. 159. 56. 205. Peter. 204. 364. 251. 179. Boruwlaski. Chang Woo Gow. a dwarf. a giant. Widow. 287300. Duchess 277. 135. Boardman. 177. 443. Anastasia. Burial in efSgy. dwarf's. Brice. a dwarf. 44. 178. 441. 196. 127. 328. Bregma. Susannah. 400. 231. Bones of huge animals called giants' bones. INDEX. Burford. . Butler. Blacker. 250. 325. Maria. Brien Boreau. Chair. a giantess. sees dwarfs. giant's. 283. Byrne. Charles. keeps a dwarf. 375. 45. dwarfs in. 313. Causeway. a dwarf sells his. Bushmen. 194. 448. a dwarf. Boram.. 459. 331 Count Joseph. 442. a giantess. Calvert. a giant. a dwarf. a dwarf. Charles I. 381. dwarfs in 421. Breeding of dwarfs. 2-12. 435. a dwarf. tries to breed dwarfs. Matthew. Josephus. 393. 258. Carolina. 177. sees a dwarf. Joseph. a giant. 190. 420. 70. 323. 132. 155. Charlemagne. a dwarf. Thomas. Thomas. Hannah. a wife 261. a gigantic. 123. Bibi. J. Campbell. 122. a giant.

Davenant. a dwarf. Day. Charles. giants'. 328. 187. sees dwarfs. 258. giants. Dmistan. Chinese. to. 319-323. Ciharles IX. 445. Sir Jeffrey. 174. Thomas. Patrick. Cornwall. a dwarf. a dwarf. 451. ridicules a dwarf. a giant. 315. works ascribed to the. a dwarf. Colbrand. 352. De Los Santos. 215. King of Denmark. 274. Duke and Duchess exhibited to. Coffins.INDEX. giants exhibited to. 271. 265. small. 382. Dauntlow. Thomas. Ann. 186. Despair. a dwarf. a dwarf exhibited to. 369 . Collet. 386. 110. Countess. 224. Cromach. a giant. 421. a dwarf. Anne. 273. Duel with a dwarf. 309. sees a giant. 411. Denmark. 193. Sir William. 140. 377. a giant. 420. of. a giant. a dwarf. Cluricaime. 110. Don. giant. 460. H. 225. Jeremiah. Duck sings. Cromwell. Cranson. 126. 377. 138. 200. a dwarf. 324. Derby. Don Santiago. 394. Sir W. King of. Cormoran. a giant. large. 246. a dwarf. 274. of France. receive a dwarf. Jonathan. Corpse of a dwarf exhibited. Decker.. Lord. a giant. 258. dwarfs of. giant Irish. Edward. 435. 458. 185. a giant. Dram-drinking makes dwarfs. 137. the giants'. Davies. 149. 41. 111. a dwarf. 458. Conopas. Caroline. a giant. Clubs of short and tail men. Corsican Fairy. Chung Mow.. G. Elizabeth. 256. 204. 451. Daniel. Cumberland. with a giant. 243. Mary. a dwarf. 362. 368. a dwarf. 98. Che Mah Che Sang. Dacre. the. 281. a dwarf. a giantess 206. 339. 190. portrait by a dwarf. Tom. a giant. 451. De Cleyn instructs a dwarf. John. Dimsdale. 198.. a giantess. a dwarf. Olirer. Cooke. John. Sir James. 440. HH . a dwarf. Crow. Edmund. '^ Ducker. painted Croydon Fair. 430. 441. Mary F. 419. 408. Climate and human stature. Cromwell. 465 of. a giant. 456. Domestic recreations. 193. 419. 270. a giant. a giant. 111. a giantess. Christian. Clarence. a dwarf. a giantess exhibited 215. Colossus of Rhodes. 102. 256. Crib. giants and dwarfs. 216. DevU. 385. a giant. Dean. a giant. 96. 209. keeps a dwarf. Clouds. Cloyne. 103. Chilcott. 206. a dwarf. the giant's. Coates. 189. 441. Crachami. Louis. 188. the Fair. 376. 220. Oliver. Devonshire. employs a Damman. Clark. Cotter. Jacob. a dwarf. a dwarf. D'Indreville. Croesus. C. 56. Clowes. Civic Dwarfs. Bishop of. Lord. 164. 18. Children. imprisoned with hji dwarf. 458. 153. a giant. 166-187. gigantic. Comeille. 83. 41. Chieftain. keeps a giant. a dwarf. Crutchy Jack. a dwarf. Duke and Duchess of. Sir Harry. De 'Tamow. 258. De Estrix. 210. Dumbo. a dwarf. 216. Coppemin. Corinasus. DofEro. Mrs. 316. 84. Benjamin. a tall man. 47. 283. Dawson. 407. 48-65. 259. 404. Colling. 444. 461. 455. sees a dwarf. 369. sees a dwarf. Peter. a dwarf. 155. a dwarf. Circle. 270. a giant. 351. Coan. 192. 375. giant porter of. 219. Crane. 231. 268. protects a dwarf. a giant. 392. Charlesworth. giants in the. 247. 394. 126. Giant. 127. 126. a dwarf. 190. Clifford. 69. 48-51. Duke of. a dwarf. 230. 331. 66. 242. 40. Dance of dwarf and giantess. Derban. Clancy. 400-402. giant present at the marriage of. 457. 231. Lord. John. Peter. a dwarf. 366- Dutchmen of strange statures. Duke of. John. 323.. 205. Domitian keeps dwarfs. Dye.

26. 185. William. Gigli. 201. dwarf of. Fairies. 261. Epigram on a dwarf. 147. 186. IV. Queen. Duchess of. sees a dwarf. 67. 376. Joquin. Somersetshire. Duke John. Prince and Princess. Bernard. Flandres. 259. 294 sees a giant. King of Prussia. sees a dwarf. Gentle Giantess. 88. Fair. 293. a dwarf. 259. sees dwarfs. Farrel. 314. Epitaphs of dwarfs. Everitt. Gibson. 192. a giant. 457. clever dwarf from. 246-248. 256.. Fuen-vic-Couil. King. 375. Neil. 318. 210. Grana. 133. 49. a giant. 343. 12. 64-66. Richard. giant porter of. 137. Frenz. large. 24. Miss. 51. a dwarf presented to. Florimel's dwarf. 10. gives dwarfs. Gordon. Count de. 107. Prince. 414. 108. Fillmore. Field of the giant. 407. Evelyn sees a giantess. Esquimaux. Nicholas. giant. Edmonton 321.William. 457. patronises a Egyptian dwarfs. a giant. 243. Gargantua. sees dwarfs. 436. stature of. a giantess. 49. 117. 408. sees dwarfs. of. Germans. Eleicegni. a dwarf. Archduke. a giant. 308. Ferragus. John. giants in. 191. Irish. Graves of dwarfs. French. 179. Ferdinand. . 69. 70. Feny. Garibaldi and a dwarf. 136. 365. 51. Gog. 267. Germany. 222. 10. Richard.. 432. a giant. Elizabeth. 139. 418. the. a dwarf. 261. 86. a giant. 258. Frederic. 353. 71. Gilli. 290. 92. Bernardo. 411. Fairman. a dwarf. 440. 199. 14. Eve. sees a giant. keep dwarfs. Gilly. a giant. a giant. 225. Nicholas. Owen. Feny. Edward. stature of. Gloucester. Joachim. a dwarf. 7. 88. Gogmagog. a dwarf. Emperor 70. 411. a giantess. 456. Eleizegue. 340. a giant. 94. 120. giant guards of. makes a gift to a dwarf. Funnam. patjonises a dwarf. Freeman. Forehead bone. — Gabbaras. Living. 64. 63. a giant. 13. Fairy. 429. PhHippa. a giantess. a giant porter of. 240. 110. 133. 453. 321. a giant. Gigantes. 96. a dwarf. great. Fitzgerald. 202. 47. 216. a Gallitzin. 9. 25. Francisca. Ettrick Shepherd describes a dwarf. 50. a giant. Gladiatorial dwarfs. Emerson. 193. a giant. 287. the. a dwarf. 433. Elizabeth. 357. Ecles. 113. 132. 242. 410. . a giant. 239. a dwarf exhibited Egremont. the. 146. a dwarf. Coimteas dwarf. 194. 300. keeps a dwarf. 324. President. 305. a giant. 456. 274^277. Louis. 433. by a giant. Goliath. feat of. 387. . 218. 121. 279. 48. Gallantry. George I. 47. Fisher. 453. Goran. a giant. Evans. Fiction. 254. giants. Expenses of dwarfs at court of France. of. Glynn. a giant at the Court of. Geneva. 162. 432. 35. dwarf and giant of. II. a Earl Marshal of England keeps dwarf. tries to breed dwarfs. 253. 340. 297-300. 343.466 INDEX. 125. 223. 457. 190. 317. 56. 300. 95. a dwarf. 56. Patrick. 427. Prince. Fingall. 435. 431. Thomas. Giolo. 271. to. Queen. a giant.. 376. a giantess. Edgar. Gibbs. 22. 151. 361. Funeral of a giant. Elegy on a dwarf. Frederick I. Ford. Eleazar. a giant. VII. Ferguson. 264. a giant. giant guard of. 273. 199. 200. 56. 273. 48. Gamsey. Famham. 342. 134. William. William. giant of. Princess of. 31. 382. a dwarf. a giant boy.

188. 435. Gwynn. Jumpedo. Queen. 452. 32. 228. Hold. Catherine. Herbert. . Kenilworth Castle. 146. Humiecka. 151. dwari. Hacknbt Coachman and a giant. 24. 327. 413. Henrietta Maria. 376. a giant. 453. comparisons of human. and a dwarf. a giant. 62. 3o4-357. Sir Everard. Jovianus. 417. Isabella. Hindu giants. a giant. 38. Sir Richard. Hipkins. 332. Hole. gives a bible to a giant. King of. Huaylas. a dwarf. Jones. a giant. 467 o' Hop my Thumb. 387. 95. a giant. Hartebenunf. a giant. 184.. Harold. 339. Hird. Ann. 325. Hunterian Museum. Sir William. John. 390. dwarfs of. Hanover. John. 189. James. Highwayman. Heath poeticaUy refers to a dwarf. Hugh. King. Miss. 394-396. Kelly. Short. a giant. 57-59. a dwarf. a dwarf. Martin. Earl of. Hardy.INDEX. patronises a dwarf. a dwarf. Duke Jack Haydon and Tom Thumb. 83-86. Jeffrey. keeps a dwarf. giant. Hidalgo. 131. the Tinkeard. • Hamburg. 450. 21-44. Sir R. 94. King. Grimaldi and giants. Joujou. a giant. Hunyady. 191. Hopkins Hopkins. a dwarf. at. 217. 120. Duchess of. 116. a giant. a giant. 415. Hesse-Homburg. a giant. 94. a giant porter of. the. giant's. Hudson. 207. 11. 431. 302. Indian king. giant's. 428. 14. Jay. 431. Jan Hannema. 275-280. a dwarf. 270. 122. a dwarf. a giant. 451. Importation 331. Sir Gilbert. 452. Jervis. 61. Height. 250. 346. Hay. Hales. head of a giant. 137. TTill fright- KjIMTchadales. present at the marriage of dwarfs. Isoret. 430. 124.70. 347. dwarf. 205. helps a dwarf. 83. Kitip. at. 194. 13. keeps a dwarf. Edward. weighed against a dwarf. 17. employs a giant. 417. 320. a giantess. Stephen. Horses frightened at a giant.. Queen. Sig. 402. 447. 182. 416. a giant. Hercules. Coimt. ChUd of. Holibum of the Cairn. helps a dwarf. giant's. 448. 352. keeps a dwarf. 95. Robert. 228. Hythe. Nicholas. 312-314. 252. Ann. Home. 108. and dwarf's body. ^ Kaunitz. skeletons at. 332-338. ened by a giant. a giant introduced to. 360. 64. 208. 126. Gulliae. 449. Thomas. a giant. a dwarf. M. 81. 193. Countess. of. Jenkins. 326. Ireland. 176. 429. 265. 198. 122-124. 431. 461. giant's. Earl of Warwick. the. Hall. Emperor. gigantic figures 55. a dwarf. a dwarf. 449. 137. Horse. . 86. 69. Joseph. 447. Jannetie. Basilio. Kieten. 25. 190. sees dwarfs. a dwarf. 430. a giant. 435. 393. Head. Groves. NeU. 164. a giantess. 152. Kemble. 226. Guy. a dwarf. 4. a dwarf. John. 333. Hanson. 132. 319. Hauptman. a dwarf. a giantess. 109. Greenlandeis. Grimes. 32. dwarfs Hamilton. 105-107. Guanche. Hogarth draws a giant. 277284. Income of a dwarf. Inalawski. Count. Miss. Don Francisco. 25. 282. 69. a dwarf. 343. John. 58-60. 87. a dwari. Princess of. House. 209. Hardrada. of dwarfs. a negro giant. 111. 94. 449. sees a dwarf. 264. Huntingdon. Greeve. 147. 339 Keith. Kent. Jew. Graves of giants. Holland. Countess. King and Queen o^ patronise dwarfs. 446. Mattias. 203. 214. the Giant Killer. sees dwarfs. 419. 202. Hairy giants. Capitello. 14. Kimos. 271. 230. tall. 418. a dwarf. Hand of giant manufactured. a dwarf. Hale. James I.

instructed by a dwarf. La Malone. giantess.. Eleanor. a giant. 394. Empress. a giant. 357. receives a dwarf. a giant. 453.. Lolkes. 428. John. Little Jenny. Lee. 47. Queen. 318. Archbishop of. Long Lawyer. 250. 110. 69. a dwarf. 428. a giantess. Medals proposed for giants and dwarfs. PhU. Jane. Messenger. 279. 427. a dwarf. a giant. Maximus. 305. Mantua. 42. 107. Marshal. Will. Princess dwarf. Leopold. 255. 217. I. Man of Wilmington. Love. a dwarf. Tom. 49. 262. 114-117. 387. 270. 332. a giant. James. a dwarf. 358. 156. a to. Le Grand. 201-203. Samuel. 206. 392. La Grandeur. 216. 391. a giantess. a dwarf. 460. Mackinlay. Money. a giant presented a giant presented to. 364. 94. 118. Making dwarfs. a giantess exhibited to. 209. 250. instructs a dwarf. 88-92. 371-373 178. 93. ring of. '37. 118. dwarf page of. 459. 392. . 454. 172. 210. 319. 431. Mary. Middleton. 390. a giant. 44G. Louis. Lodoiska. Therega. Loushkin. 267. 200. the. Mary. 101. dwarf. 458. Longmore. dwarfs of. Magog. Prince. 260. paints a giant. 24. sees a Unknown. Lord Mayor. M'Donald. of Cambridge. Edmund. a dwarf. 229. Lapon. a giant. 428. 381. 383-385. 391. 457. II. the giant's. 228. Meg.319. Lima. has a dwarf's . 445. Nan. Prince. a dwarf. a tall man. 191. Mores. Leap. 116. Tullius. Kneller. McPherson. Moffat. 215. keeps » dwarf. games. 94. Joseph. 397. 155. 274. 453. Edward. Meg. 69. Mary Jane. John. two dwarfs. the. 217. giants in. a giantess. Michael. . Princess. 286. dwarfs' rooms in the ducal palace at. giants. XIV. Knipe. Sir Godfrey. May Fair. 205. Margarita. Countess. Ma]Oski. giant. Emperor. Madras. 362. a giant. Man Mountain. McKenzie. 274. Prince. Leiningen. 255. a giant. Marc Antony keeps dwarfs. a dwarf. 215. 47. a dwarf. the. a dwarf. John. 132. Macoul. 192. Lipson. 458. 304. 453.468 INDEX. Maximilian 451. governor figure cast. Mad giant. dwarfs'. Corporal. 409. 448. Member of Parliament. Meek. 176. 115. 452. Eichard. Mitton. 78. 257. 157. Gomme. 362. 267. Leather Coat Jack. Marcus Letter from a dwarf. 332. 255. a giant. Vide Long Meg. 259. and a giant. of. a giantess. Eichard. Miller. Infanta. Load. a giant. Sir Peter. 94. a dwarf. 232. 311. 235. Macdonald. 414. a giant. 92. a giant. 200. 152-156. 117. a dwarf. 420. Maximilian C. Molones. 286. giant. presented to a dwarf. a dwarf presented to. Maria Antoinette. Angelina. Knighthood bestowed on a dwarf. Mentchicoff. >Leach. Edmund. John. Harvey. 23. Mallard. 122. 285. a dwarf. Mimos. Macgrath. Lovelace. a giant. 107. giant's. Lely. a giant. 111. sees a dwarf. 421-423. 159. Sir Narcissus. 49. 271. Brothers. a giant. a dwarf. 172. a dwarf. a dwarf. 187. a dwarf. Koriacks. John. Living skeleton. Wybrand. 199. Cornelius. 86. Melius. Pierre. a giantess. a dwarf. a dwarf. 95. Marius Maximus. 428. Lucius. gives a present to a giant. 48. Malloon. 51. Fiolay. a dwarf. 434. Lapps. 117. a dwarf. John.

273 sees a dwarf. 285. Skaw^. a dwarf in. Paget. 314. Czar of. —— giant. a giant. Montgomery Castle. 315 keeps a dwarf. giants on. Preacher. Og.dwarf. a giant. short stature of. 379. 93. Pie. 144. sees dwarfs. William. a dwarf. 279 Poet. Kingof. Duke dwarfs. 329. Priest. Patagonians. 10. Nihil. Maximo Valdez. 6. 352. dwarf in a. 139. Payne. 203. 380-383. 113. Mytens. . of dwarfs. giants. Phillips. Polander. Peter the Great assembles dwarfs. of. 284. Vide Cotter. a giant. Nunez. 215. Lady. 219. a giant. Philpott. Duchess . paints a dwarf. 310. 26. a dwarf. 258. 439. Pocket. Mummies 55. a giant. and a giant. Nabontree. giant. Nano. NeUd. sees a giant. a dwarf of the governor 263. 359. Polyphemus. 408-410. 233. Commodore. 374. a giant. Newton. 267. 54. 458. 287. a dwarf. Parsons. 95. Nassau-Weil bourg. 296. Netherlands. 22. 448. 223. de. Christopher. a giant. O'Bame. sees giants. a dwarf. Murphy. dwarf on a. 73. dwarfs in the suite 257. Peter. giant's. 98-103. of. 225. 236-239. O'Too'l. 358. 431. Noah. a giant. 71-80. Pigmies. Oginski. 17. 386. a giant. Poison taken by a giantess. 280. 250. 219. 117. 390. Samuel. 431 Duke of. 48-55. 243. Antony. Eobeit Harley. 385. 72. 177. 401. Mythological dwarfs. Napoleon. 326. Daniel. 5. H2. Pinmont. 105-108. Count. Prison. 224. O'Baldwin. a giant. a dwarf. 451. Thomas. 11. of. stature of. 9. 404. a dwarf. 881. . Calvm. Hervio. 221. dwarf employed by. 450. 397. 118. Pereira. 125. 27. Pots. Philips. Charles. 92. 218. Normandy. Mountf ord. 25. E. sees a dwarf. Persian dwarf. 443. Lord. 25. Peruvian giants. a dwarf. 10. giants types Munster. Pig-faced lady. 311. of a dwarf. 415. Emperor. 459. Edward. . 24. Phelim. 232. 223. 193. 236-239. Comte . 43. 403. Vide Byrne. keeps Norway giants. Pertusano. a dwarf. Perseus. 87. Orange. 22. a dwarf. 38. Charles. a Patrick. 170. Miss. Pottery. Moses. of. Otho. Oxford. 69. strange. 295. a giant employed by. a dwarf. entertains a dwarf. dwarfs in giants'. a dwarf brought to. 443. 282. 92. Moscow. 140. O'Brien. Don Joze Cordero. 361. a dwarf. Paxraghbougli. 15. 269. 369-373. stature of. 12-17. Emperor. Muscovy. 132. Municipal power. 297. 278. 392. 283. 336. a dwarf. a giant. 325. Painted Prince. a giant. Paap. 427. Sir Isaac. Earl of. a dwarf. a dwarJE complains of a. giants'. M'Shaggean. Patrick. a giant at. Postures. Orleans. a giant. Petition from a dwarf. PhUetas of Cos. 386. 267. Lord. dwarfs exhibited to. 335. 418. WUliam. giant. Prime Minister. 257. a dwarf King of. a giant. Ostiacks. 15. Oak. a giantess exhibited to. a dwarf. Prince and Princess of. Phillipe. a dwarf. 407. 435. 288. 415 visits a giant. Poland. 343. Philargyrie. 469 Morgan. Duchess of. receives a dwarf. King Louis. a dwarf. 108. patronises a dwarf. 149. 257. a giant. Nutt. 243-252. 438. a dwarf.. Paris. Plate. Pageants. 441. 328. Parma. a giant in. Naevius Pollio. Pierce. Walter. Posio. a dwarf. 283. a dwarf. sees dwarfs. Princess. sees of. 362. Noble.INDEX. Simon. a giant. Nicolasico. 375. 431. a dwarf. giants. Pepys. giants in. 167.

365. a giant. giant's. 435. the ganger. a dwarf at. 881. a dwarf. . 57. Sloane. 203. Mary Woolchurch. giant's. 391. . stature of. 415 giant. patronises a dwarf. Robbery of a dwarf. a dwarf. Staircase. 262-265. giant's. 350. 207. 412. a giant at. 210. and a dwarf. Miss. 860.470 Prizefighter. Spriggans. 352 . a dwarf. Saint Bee's. 39 dwarfs exhibited to. 151. Sallustian Gardens. 10. 324. a dwarf. 31. sees dwarfs. Ripon Cathedral. 272. 442. George. 387. 346. 397. 888. 84. 39. 448. 441. 257. Anne Therese. AViUiam. 307. 276. 233. Saul. a dwarf. 435. a giant. Rouen. 44. a Shoe. gives a giant Someries. INDEX. a giant's bone 8. Christopher's tooth. 33. a giant at. giants. 421423. 310. 326. 351. 30. 451. 459. Shepherd. H. giant. 256. Spectator. Southwark Fair. 200. 223. James's Fair. Ries. 405. Singer. Christian F. Skrimmer. Schoolmaster. Ring. Riiho. a dwarf. a dwarf. Spencer. 415. Miss. Eeichardt. gigantic. gigantic grave of. Secundilla. 96. 234. Aldermanbury. Jacob. 255-257. a giant. 196. Souvray. a dwarf. a giant presented to. 255. 117. 232. 29. 339. armour. 418. giants on the. 419. Scoles. Proverbs about dwarfs. 201-208. Joseph. 427. 174. the ganger. a dwarf's. a gigantic. a giant. 367. 306. Rouse. dwarfs kept in. Saxony. the. 32. Ralph. 34. Skinner. a giant. Sir Hans. 417. 173. King of the. at. 450. 448. 22. sees dwarfs. Purte. 408 . Sam. 461. 122. a dwarf. Sermon. 309. Duchess of. 116. 259. Salisbury dwarf. 351. a dwarf. a dwarf. 378. and so-called giants' bones. 346. dwarfs on the. 202. 250. 160. 340. 306. P Salmeron. a giant. 46. 95. Prussia. 452. a dwarf. giant mummies in. funeral. 396. Quack Medicine. a dwarf. 69. Edward. 455. a dwarf. a giant. David. Reynard. 22. Russia. 56-68. 83. 223.. 91. 327. Stage. Martin. Romondo. Arme. a dwarf. a giant. 384. a giant at. Ladj'. a giant. Sadler's Wells. Barbe. 108. 438. 368. Rollo. 61. Ritchie. 109. 160. John. 427. a giant. a giant. Seth. RoU. 62. a giant. Saint Mary. Skiner. 118. 11. a dwarf. 205.. Romans. 235. 271. 305. 268.. a gigantic. Smoker. of a giant. Chevalier. Scofield. Quoiting-stones. 386. Roman dwarfs. John. Ricon de Vallemont. dwarf sleeps in a. 446. of. . Emperor a giant presented to. 28. 234. 377. a dwarf. 348. Stairs. a giant. a giant. Raymondo. gigantic bone at. 119. 312. Elizabeth. 388-390. 850. 360. Signer. . Sinnot. a dwarf. Eamus. Baron. 182-135. a dwarf. Repartee. 398. Richardson. 822. Prussian Guards. a giant. giants. sold by a dwarf. 242. 'Shakespeare. Richebourg. Judith. Rogers. a giant. a dwarf. at. 136. Robert. George. 165. 413. Saladin's dwarf counsellor. 350. Schafer. a dwarf. Anne. Big. giant's. . Sisyphus. 162. 224. Richmond. a dwarf. a dwarf. Shaw. 275-277. 439. Scandinavian dwarfs. 221. Rees. a giant's bone 110. a dwarf. Raphael paints dwarfs. 90. Sharpe. King of. about dwarfs. 88. a dwarf. Miss B. a dwarf. 223. 383. Duke of. 196. Samoiedes. Smith. letter to the.

Velasquez paints dwarfs. Nannette.. giant's. a giant's. instructs a dwarf. 285. Temple. a dwarf. Stealing a dwarfs body. 12. 241. a dwarf. 58. 373. Vishnu. 411418. dwarfs shown be- fore. 66. Victoria. dwarfy. Turkey. a giantess. Princess. Jeremiah. 187. 242. Wales. 425. Thor. Hannah. Wilhelmina Carolina. 324. What is it? 427. 212. Titans. the. Warren. 454. 401 . 231. 316. James. giants shown before.. Tuck. a giant. Waller. a giantess. G. Thumb. 201. 431. a dwarf. John. Andrew. 241. Jane. . 452. Tim Tuck. Dr. Anna. 362. a tall man. Westhead. a dwarf. a giant. 413. Tommy Walker. a dwarf. 57. W.. Thyrwitt. keeps a dwarf.. 356. 403. 400. a giant. Well. 302.. a giantess. a giant. paints a dwarf. Amelia. 461. giant on.431. 276. 454. a dwarf. Tall Jacob. 211. Sir Gren-\-ille. 424. a dwarf. dwarf. Trolls. Kinc. 428. Stone. 47. . Tendradus. sees a dwarf. 62. Charles S. Tureen. a dwarf. 202. 311. Wilmington. 337. 59.INDEX. Spinster. giant's. Senora Bartola. West. 457. Captain B. a giantess. Whiston. 392. Sutherland. Whitehead. Wierski. 327. a dwarf. Starkey. 430. a dwarf. Mrs. Stanislaus. 394-396. Samuel. 404. a dwarf. 121. Wall. 344. paints a dwarf. a dwarf. giant's body. Princess of. 240. Martm. a giant. Taylor. Princess of. Count. Teresia. 333. 321. Street.428. 324 . Tressan. Theutobochus. Stilts. 149. 43. Sir Thomas. 413. Tiptoe. Jacob. a giant. a dwarf served up in a. Verses recited by a dwarf. Prince of. walking in. Minnie. 420. Watch. a giant. 390. Webber. Tonas. 334. 328. 113. Edmund. 302. a giant. Tates. Twin dwarfs. VanTromp. sees dwarfs. a dwarf. 439. 212. 333. StSberin. 13. dwarfs shown before. 419. a dwarf King of Poland. 351. Talmond. C. 345 receives a dwarf. W. 343. a giant. writes a poem on the marriage of dwarfs. Trout. 258. 345. 182-184. a giant and a dwarf. a giant. 418. 442. Miss. 341. Paul. 407. King. Warton. 209. 243. Eev. 438. Lydia. a giant porter of. Traveller. 220. 335. 436 giants. keeps a dwarf. Stock. 365. Tom Thumb. Mrs. Tennyson. 229. a dwarf. 122. 435. 421. describes a dwarf. Weston. Eliza. Steeple Longman. 321. 449. WUd . 88. a dwarf. Stratton. 399. 214. 373. Veronese. 398. a dwarf. Stocker. 31. 335. 136. 443. a dwarf. Whitelamb. Miss. Town Steeple. Toller. 220. a dwarf in the service of. Tiberius keeps dwarfs. 220. helps a dwarf. Elizabeth. 269. Priscilla. 32. Long Man of. 316. Admiral. Eagotin. Waes. 42. 203. Catberina H. 431. Walpole. Richard K. i^ 471 Trick on a giant. 273. Williams. the. Stepney Fair. 155. 339. a dwarf. makes allowance to a giant. Swan. 363. 46. a dwarf. Madame. Queen. W. 196. a giant. 321. the Tit. Torbido. Tomysen. 425. a dwarf. a giantess. 435 a giant. giant's. 235. W. 275. 220. Sueek. King. Francesco. great man of.. Miss. 344. 203. Tight-rope. Van Dyke Van Sugar-and-water Sunday. William. Tuchan. 378. 284.. Peter. 411-418. Uladislatjs CuBiTALis. paints dwarfs. 265-267. 135. 195. 325. 213. 41 9. 440. George. 373. 455. a giant. 414. 388. Countess of.. 235. 256. 189. 257. 235. a dwarf. Widdicombe. a dwarf. dwarfs in. a dwarf. 302..

a dwarf. Wormbergh. THE END.472 INDEX. Wrath. a dwarf. Duke of. L0ND02I: B0B90K AXU SON. TAMCItAS UOAD. U. Yaemouth. a dwarf. Duke of. Wogloff. Wurtemberg. 59.W. GREAT NORTHBEN PRIHTING WOAES. a Wren. 369. giant. 303. Zoilus. Sir Christopher. a dwarf. 304. 206. a XiT. 124. 93. a dwarf exhibited to. 64. 215. 284. York. 285. Wood. a giantess exhibited to. Zealaudeb. John. 135. a dwarf gianta giant porter ess. Toungman. giant. of short staof. 308. Earl of. 451. Duke and Dnchess of. ture. a giantess exhi- bited to. 432. Hajmah. 274. a giant. 206. . Mary Jane.

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