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P0LITEKNIK K0TA KINABAL0ǡ SABAB

}ABATAN KE}0R0TERAAN NEKANIKAL
SESI BISENBER ʹͲͳͳ

Syllabusǣ }}ͳͲͶ Ȃ W0RKSB0P TECBN0L0uY ͳ



ͳǤͲ ACCIBENT PREvENTI0N
ͳǤͳ 0nueistanu the impoitance of safety pioceuuies anu applications in machiningǡ
weluingǡ fitting anu founuiy woik in the engineeiing woikshop
ͳǤͳǤͳ State the geneial acciuent pievention pioceuuies in ielation to peisonal
safetyǡ colleagueǡ machine anu equipments
ͳǤͳǤʹ Explain the impoitance of weaiing gogglesǡ giinuing wheel guaius anu
maintaining woikshop safety anu cleanliness
ͳǤͳǤ͵ Explain the enviionmental issues iegaiuing acciuentǡ legislationǡ
piotocolǡ laws anu iegulations in engineeiing woikshop

ʹǤͲ BANB T00L
ʹǤͳ 0nueistanu the impoitance of using hanu tools in fitting woik
ʹǤͳǤͳ Befine the maiking out Ȁ lay out
ʹǤͳǤʹ State the pioceuuies of maiking out Ȁ lay out
ʹǤͳǤ͵ Explain the use of maiking tools such as sciibeiǡ centie punchǡ uiviueiǡ
suiface plate anu pioceuuies to uiaw a ciicleǡ linesǡ cuive anu etc
ʹǤʹ 0nueistanu the use of testing tools
ʹǤʹǤͳ Befine testing tools
ʹǤʹǤʹ Name the types of testing tools such as squaieǡ stiaight eugeǡsuiface
gauge anu etc
ʹǤʹǤ͵ 0se testing tools such as L squaie anu stiaight euge
ʹǤ͵ 0nueistanu the use of hack saw
ʹǤ͵Ǥͳ Sketch anu label the paits of a hack saw
ʹǤ͵Ǥʹ State the uses of hack saw anu cutting stioke
ʹǤ͵Ǥ͵ State the chaiacteiistics of hack saw blaue such as mateiials useu anu
pitch
ʹǤ͵ǤͶ Explain the pioceuuie to ieplace hack saw blaue
ʹǤ͵Ǥͷ Biscuss the causes of hack saw blaues bieakage
ʹǤ͵Ǥ͸ State the safety piecaution anu pioceuuie to pievent acciuents
ʹǤͶ 0nueistanu the use of files anu filing woik
ʹǤͶǤͳ Sketch anu label the paits of a file
ʹǤͶǤʹ Befine the file teiminology such as cuts anu giaues
ʹǤͶǤ͵ Explain vaiious types anu shapes of files anu its uses
ʹǤͶǤͶ Explain methous of filling such as cioss anu uiaw filing technique
ʹǤͶǤͷ Explain pinning anu ways to avoiu pinning
ʹǤͶǤ͸ State the safety pioceuuies in filing
ʹǤͷ 0nueistanu the use of hammei
ʹǤͷǤͳ Explain types of hammeis anu its uses
ʹǤͷǤʹ Name paits of ball a peen hammei
ʹǤͷǤ͵ Explain the safety pioceuuies in using hammei
ʹǤ͸ 0nueistanu the use of chisel
ʹǤ͸Ǥͳ Biffeientiate vaiious types of chisels such as flatǡ hoiizontal tipǡ half
iounuǡ euge iounuǡ nose anu uiamonu tip chisel
ʹǤ͸Ǥʹ Biffeientiate the vaiious types of chiselsǣ flat chiselǡ uiamonu tip pointǡ
cape chiselǡ euge iounuǡ nose chisel
ʹǤ͸Ǥ͵ Name the paits of a flat chisel
ʹǤ͸ǤͶ Explain flat chisel on its mateiialǡ sizeǡ cutting angle of the tip anu uses to
cut anu sheai metal plate
ʹǤ͸Ǥͷ Explain the uisauvantages of mushioom heau chisel
ʹǤ͸Ǥ͸ Explain methou of using chisel
ʹǤ͸Ǥ͹ Explain safety pioceuuie to be follow while chiselling
ʹǤ͹ 0nueistanu the use of taps anu uies
ʹǤ͹Ǥͳ Name paits of a tap
ʹǤ͹Ǥʹ State types of taps anu pioceuuies of using thiee types of taps
ʹǤ͹Ǥ͵ Explain basic teiminology of tapping a blinu hole anu thiough hole sciew
thieau
ʹǤ͹ǤͶ Explain the teiminology on tap uiill size Ǯvǯ
ʹǤ͹Ǥͷ Calculate the size tap uiill size
ʹǤ͹Ǥ͸ Explain the steps to uo inteinal thieauing
ʹǤ͹Ǥ͹ Explain the ieasons foi taps bieakage of taps anu its pievention
ʹǤ͹Ǥͺ Name uiffeient types of uies
ʹǤ͹Ǥͻ Explain steps foi exteinal thieauing using a uie

͵ǤͲ NEAS0RENENT
͵Ǥͳ Explain the use of common measuiing tools anu equipment
͵ǤͳǤͳ List basic measuiing tools such as steel iuleiǡ tapeǡ exteinal anu inteinal
calipeis
͵ǤͳǤʹ State uiffeient types of miciometeis
͵ǤͳǤ͵ Sketch anu label the paits of an exteinal miciometei
͵ǤͳǤͶ State the in using a miciometei
͵ǤͳǤͷ Sketch anu label the paits of a veiniei calipei
͵ǤͳǤ͸ State the basic piinciples of a veiniei calipei
͵ǤͳǤ͹ Explain the methous of using a veiniei calipei
͵ǤͳǤͺ Reau the veiniei calipei ieauing ሺmetiic anu impeiial unitsሻ
͵ǤͳǤͻ State the vaiious types of measuiing equipment using the veiniei
piinciple such as veiniei piotiactoi anu veiniei height gauge

ͶǤͲ BRILLINu
ͶǤͳ 0nueistanu the uiilling machine anu uiill bit ሺtwist uiillሻ
ͶǤͳǤͳ Sketch anu name paits of a uiill bit ሺtwist uiillሻ
ͶǤͳǤʹ Explain how uiill sizes aie stateu anu ueteimineu
ͶǤͳǤ͵ Explain steps of maiking out befoie uiilling
ͶǤͳǤͶ Explain methou of holuing a uiill bit
ͶǤͳǤͷ Biffeientiate the vaiious types of uiill bits such as centie uiillǡ stiaight
slot uiillǡ blinu hole uiill anu flat tippeu uiill
ͶǤͳǤ͸ Explain the effects to a uiilleu hole if the angle of the uiill bit tip is not
accuiate
ͶǤͳǤ͹ Calculate the spinule speeu ievolution ሺipmሻ anu the feeu iate incluuing
factois that influence the selection of the cutting speeu
ͶǤͳǤͺ State the types of coolantsǡ function anu auvantages
ͶǤͳǤͻ State the safety pioceuuies to be taken while uiilling
ͶǤʹ 0nueistanu methous of holuing woik piece anu uiilling
ͶǤʹǤͳ uive the ieason foi holuing the woik piece secuiely while uiilling
ͶǤʹǤʹ Explain the types woik holuing uevices commonly useu in a uiilling
machine such as machine viceǡ machinist viceǡ v block anu otheis
ͶǤʹǤ͵ Explain the pioceuuies taken to uiill a laige hole
ͶǤʹǤͶ Explain the impoitance of centie uiilling anu guiueu uiilling
ͶǤʹǤͷ Explain the uses of jigs in a uiilling machine
ͶǤʹǤ͸ Pioviue examples of jigs
ͶǤʹǤ͹ State safety pioceuuies to be followeu while uiilling using jigs

ͷǤͲ LATBE NACBINE
ͷǤͳ 0nueistanu lathe machines
ͷǤͳǤͳ Explain functions of vaiious paits of centie lathe machine
ͷǤͳǤʹ Explain with sketch of woik piece helu to the lathe machine
ͷǤͳǤ͵ State with sketch the vaiious shapes of tool bits anu theii function oi
usage
ͷǤͳǤͶ Sketch to explain the vaiious angles of a tool bit tip
ͷǤͳǤͷ Explain the mateiials useu in a tool bit
ͷǤͳǤ͸ Elaboiate the opeiation in ielation to lathe woik such asǡ tuining boiingǡ
facingǡ uiillingǡ knuilingǡ tieau cutting anu offǦcentie tuining

͸ǤͲ NILLINu NACBINE
͸Ǥͳ 0nueistanu lathe machines
͸ǤͳǤͳ Biffeientiate types of milling machines
͸ǤͳǤʹ Explain the chaiacteiistics anu paits of univeisal milling machine
͸ǤͳǤ͵ State the basic piinciples of milling machines ሺ XǡY anu Z axisሻ
͸ǤͳǤͶ Explain two methous of up cut anu uown cut milling
͸ǤͳǤͷ List the usage of vaiious types of milling cuttei
͸ǤͳǤ͸ Explain the uses of vaiious types of milling cuttei
͸ǤͳǤ͹ State methous of holuing cutting tools
͸ǤͳǤͺ State methous of holuing a woik piece
͸ǤͳǤͻ Calculate the ievolution pei minute ሺipmሻǡ feeu iate anu cutting time
͸ǤͳǤͳͲ State the safety pioceuuies while using the milling machine
͸Ǥʹ 0nueistanu inuexing
͸ǤʹǤͳ Name paits of inuex heau
͸ǤʹǤʹ Explain the opeiation of inuex heau
͸ǤʹǤ͵ State the vaiious types of inuexing
͸ǤʹǤͶ Calculate uiiectǡ simple anu angulai inuexing

͹ǤͲ uRINBINu NACBINE
͹Ǥͳ giinuing machine
͹ǤͳǤͳ Name types of giinuing machines anu theii uses
͹ǤͳǤʹ State the uiffeient types of giinuing wheels
͹ǤͳǤ͵ Explain the following giinuing wheel specificationsǣ
͹ǤͳǤ͵Ǥͳ types of abiasive
͹ǤͳǤ͵Ǥʹ Size of paiticles
͹ǤͳǤ͵Ǥ͵ Wheel giaue
͹ǤͳǤ͵ǤͶ Wheel stiuctuie
͹ǤͳǤ͵Ǥͷ Bonuing mateiial
͹ǤͳǤͶ Explain uefects anu maintenance of giinuing wheels
͹ǤͳǤͷ Explain steps to caiiy out assembling anu balancing of giinuing wheels
͹ǤͳǤ͸ Explain the safety pioceuuies to be followeu using a giinuing machine

ͺǤͲ 0XY ACETYLENE WELBINu
ͺǤͳ 0nueistanu oxy acetylene weluing
ͺǤͳǤͳ Befine oxy acetylene weluing
ͺǤͳǤʹ Explain high piessuie anu low piessuie oxy acetylene weluing ͺǤͳǤ͵
State the uses of oxy acetylene weluing in inuustiial sectoi
ͺǤʹ 0nueistanu Weluing gases
ͺǤʹǤͳ Explain the types of gases useu in oxy acetylene weluing
ͺǤʹǤʹ Explain the chaiacteiisticsǡ piouuction anu oxygen gas cylinuei
ͺǤʹǤ͵ Explain the chaiacteiisticsǡ piouuction anu acetylene gas cylinuei
ͺǤʹǤͶ Explain the availability of othei gas fuel besiues acetylene
ͺǤ͵ Explain oxy acetylene weluing equipment
ͺǤ͵Ǥͳ Explain oxy acetylene weluing equipment
ͺǤ͵Ǥʹ Explain the woiking piinciples of iegulatois
ͺǤ͵Ǥ͵ State types of oxy acetylene hoses
ͺǤ͵ǤͶ State typesǡ woiking piinciplesǡ uses anu function of the weluing toich
ͺǤ͵Ǥͷ Explain the oxy acetylene weluing tip
ͺǤ͵Ǥ͸ Explain the oxy acetylene weluing manifolu system anu single station
system
ͺǤͶ 0nueistanu Biazing anu Biaze Weluing Piocess
ͺǤͶǤͳ Befine biazing anu biaze weluing piocess
ͺǤͶǤʹ Explain the application of biazing anu biaze weluing piocess
ͺǤͶǤ͵ Explain the function of fluxǡ fillei iou anu types of flames useu
ͺǤͶǤͶ Explain biazing anu biaze weluing technique
ͺǤͷ 0nueistanuing oxy acetylene welu uefects anu its pievention
ͺǤͷǤͳ Explain a completeu weluing joint baseu on penetiationǡ beau shape anu
joints accuiacy
ͺǤͷǤʹ Explain the types welu uefects anu its pievention
ͻǤͲ ARC WELDING
ͻǤͳ Understand Arc welding machine
ͻǤͳǤͳ Explain the function of the ampere adjustment control
ͻǤͳǤʹ Recognize the basic components of an arc welding machine
ͻǤͳǤ͵ Name five types of arc welding machines and explain the working
principles, advantages and disadvantages of
ͻǤͳǤ͵Ǥͳ Direct current arc welding machine
ͻǤͳǤ͵Ǥʹ Alternating current arc welding machine
ͻǤͳǤ͵Ǥ͵ Integrated AU/UT arc welding machine
ͻǤͳǤ͵ǤͶ Power driven direct current petrol/diesel arc welding generator
ͻǤͳǤ͵Ǥͷ Electric motor driven direct current arc welding generator

9.1.4 Draw basic schematic arc welding machine circuits
9.2 Describe Polarity
9.2.1 Define the terminology of Straight polarity and reverse polarity
9.2.2 Explain the characteristics of polarity
9.2.3 Explain the procedures to choose the type of polarity
9.3 Understand techniques of arc welding
9.3.1 Sketch with label the arc welding process
9.3.2 Explain the effects of arc length, electrode angle and the speed of
travel on a welding product
9.3.3 Explain method in starting an arc welding
9.4 Explain Electrode
9.4.1 Explain the process to produce an electrode
9.4.2 Explain the types of metal composition found in electrode core
9.4.3 Explain function of the electrode coatings
9.4.4 Explain types, classification, colour code and number code of
electrodes.
9.4.5 Describe the function of the electrode core and slag
9.5 Understand weld defects
9.5.1 Sketch with labels the types welding defect
9.5.2 Explain weld defects in the arc welding process and its prevention
9.6 Explain basic types of welding joints
9.6.1 Sketch with labels five types arc welding basic joints
9.6.2 Explain steps to be taken before starting weld
9.6.3 Explain the advantages and the uses of every joint
9.7 Understand distortion
9.7.1 Name types of distortion
9.7.2 Explain the reasons for distortion and its preventive methods
9.8 Identify welding terminologies
9.8.1 Explain the welding terminologies such as: bead, throat, leg size,
penetration, root face and root gap
9.9 Identify welding symbols
9.9.1 State the importance of welding symbols
9.9.2 Explain types of welding symbols
9.9.2.1 Simple symbols
9.9.2.2 additional symbols
9.9.3 Explain the welding symbol characters such as arrow, reference line,
tail end, other side and arrow side
9.9.4 Interpret welding symbols

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 †‡”•–ƒ†–Š‡‹’‘”–ƒ…‡‘ˆ•ƒˆ‡–›’”‘…‡†—”‡•ƒ†ƒ’’Ž‹…ƒ–‹‘•‹ƒ…Š‹‹‰  ™‡Ž†‹‰ ˆ‹––‹‰ƒ†ˆ‘—†”›™‘”‹–Š‡‡‰‹‡‡”‹‰™‘”•Š‘’ –ƒ–‡–Š‡‰‡‡”ƒŽƒ……‹†‡–’”‡˜‡–‹‘’”‘…‡†—”‡•‹”‡Žƒ–‹‘–‘’‡”•‘ƒŽ •ƒˆ‡–› …‘ŽŽ‡ƒ‰—‡ ƒ…Š‹‡ƒ†‡“—‹’‡–• š’Žƒ‹–Š‡‹’‘”–ƒ…‡‘ˆ™‡ƒ”‹‰‰‘‰‰Ž‡• ‰”‹†‹‰™Š‡‡Ž‰—ƒ”†•ƒ† ƒ‹–ƒ‹‹‰™‘”•Š‘’•ƒˆ‡–›ƒ†…Ž‡ƒŽ‹‡•• š’Žƒ‹–Š‡‡˜‹”‘‡–ƒŽ‹••—‡•”‡‰ƒ”†‹‰ƒ……‹†‡– Ž‡‰‹•Žƒ–‹‘  ’”‘–‘…‘Ž Žƒ™•ƒ†”‡‰—Žƒ–‹‘•‹‡‰‹‡‡”‹‰™‘”•Š‘’   †‡”•–ƒ†–Š‡‹’‘”–ƒ…‡‘ˆ—•‹‰Šƒ†–‘‘Ž•‹ˆ‹––‹‰™‘” ‡ˆ‹‡–Š‡ƒ”‹‰‘—– Žƒ›‘—– –ƒ–‡–Š‡’”‘…‡†—”‡•‘ˆƒ”‹‰‘—– Žƒ›‘—– š’Žƒ‹–Š‡—•‡‘ˆƒ”‹‰–‘‘Ž••—…Šƒ••…”‹„‡” …‡–”‡’—…Š †‹˜‹†‡”  •—”ˆƒ…‡’Žƒ–‡ƒ†’”‘…‡†—”‡•–‘†”ƒ™ƒ…‹”…Ž‡ Ž‹‡• …—”˜‡ƒ†‡–… †‡”•–ƒ†–Š‡—•‡‘ˆ–‡•–‹‰–‘‘Ž• ‡ˆ‹‡–‡•–‹‰–‘‘Ž• ƒ‡–Š‡–›’‡•‘ˆ–‡•–‹‰–‘‘Ž••—…Šƒ••“—ƒ”‡ •–”ƒ‹‰Š–‡†‰‡ •—”ˆƒ…‡ ‰ƒ—‰‡ƒ†‡–… •‡–‡•–‹‰–‘‘Ž••—…Šƒ••“—ƒ”‡ƒ†•–”ƒ‹‰Š–‡†‰‡ †‡”•–ƒ†–Š‡—•‡‘ˆŠƒ…•ƒ™ ‡–…Šƒ†Žƒ„‡Ž–Š‡’ƒ”–•‘ˆƒŠƒ…•ƒ™ –ƒ–‡–Š‡—•‡•‘ˆŠƒ…•ƒ™ƒ†…—––‹‰•–”‘‡ –ƒ–‡–Š‡…Šƒ”ƒ…–‡”‹•–‹…•‘ˆŠƒ…•ƒ™„Žƒ†‡•—…Šƒ•ƒ–‡”‹ƒŽ•—•‡†ƒ† ’‹–…Š š’Žƒ‹–Š‡’”‘…‡†—”‡–‘”‡’Žƒ…‡Šƒ…•ƒ™„Žƒ†‡ ‹•…—••–Š‡…ƒ—•‡•‘ˆŠƒ…•ƒ™„Žƒ†‡•„”‡ƒƒ‰‡ –ƒ–‡–Š‡•ƒˆ‡–›’”‡…ƒ—–‹‘ƒ†’”‘…‡†—”‡–‘’”‡˜‡–ƒ……‹†‡–• †‡”•–ƒ†–Š‡—•‡‘ˆˆ‹Ž‡•ƒ†ˆ‹Ž‹‰™‘” ‡–…Šƒ†Žƒ„‡Ž–Š‡’ƒ”–•‘ˆƒˆ‹Ž‡ ‡ˆ‹‡–Š‡ˆ‹Ž‡–‡”‹‘Ž‘‰›•—…Šƒ•…—–•ƒ†‰”ƒ†‡• š’Žƒ‹˜ƒ”‹‘—•–›’‡•ƒ†•Šƒ’‡•‘ˆˆ‹Ž‡•ƒ†‹–•—•‡• š’Žƒ‹‡–Š‘†•‘ˆˆ‹ŽŽ‹‰•—…Šƒ•…”‘••ƒ††”ƒ™ˆ‹Ž‹‰–‡…Š‹“—‡ š’Žƒ‹’‹‹‰ƒ†™ƒ›•–‘ƒ˜‘‹†’‹‹‰ –ƒ–‡–Š‡•ƒˆ‡–›’”‘…‡†—”‡•‹ˆ‹Ž‹‰ †‡”•–ƒ†–Š‡—•‡‘ˆŠƒ‡” š’Žƒ‹–›’‡•‘ˆŠƒ‡”•ƒ†‹–•—•‡• ƒ‡’ƒ”–•‘ˆ„ƒŽŽƒ’‡‡Šƒ‡” š’Žƒ‹–Š‡•ƒˆ‡–›’”‘…‡†—”‡•‹—•‹‰Šƒ‡” †‡”•–ƒ†–Š‡—•‡‘ˆ…Š‹•‡Ž ‹ˆˆ‡”‡–‹ƒ–‡˜ƒ”‹‘—•–›’‡•‘ˆ…Š‹•‡Ž••—…Šƒ•ˆŽƒ– Š‘”‹œ‘–ƒŽ–‹’ ŠƒŽˆ ”‘—† ‡†‰‡”‘—† ‘•‡ƒ††‹ƒ‘†–‹’…Š‹•‡Ž ‹ˆˆ‡”‡–‹ƒ–‡–Š‡˜ƒ”‹‘—•–›’‡•‘ˆ…Š‹•‡Ž• ˆŽƒ–…Š‹•‡Ž †‹ƒ‘†–‹’’‘‹–  …ƒ’‡…Š‹•‡Ž ‡†‰‡”‘—† ‘•‡…Š‹•‡Ž ƒ‡–Š‡’ƒ”–•‘ˆƒˆŽƒ–…Š‹•‡Ž .

š’Žƒ‹ˆŽƒ–…Š‹•‡Ž‘‹–•ƒ–‡”‹ƒŽ •‹œ‡ …—––‹‰ƒ‰Ž‡‘ˆ–Š‡–‹’ƒ†—•‡•–‘ …—–ƒ†•Š‡ƒ”‡–ƒŽ’Žƒ–‡ š’Žƒ‹–Š‡†‹•ƒ†˜ƒ–ƒ‰‡•‘ˆ—•Š”‘‘Š‡ƒ†…Š‹•‡Ž š’Žƒ‹‡–Š‘†‘ˆ—•‹‰…Š‹•‡Ž š’Žƒ‹•ƒˆ‡–›’”‘…‡†—”‡–‘„‡ˆ‘ŽŽ‘™™Š‹Ž‡…Š‹•‡ŽŽ‹‰ †‡”•–ƒ†–Š‡—•‡‘ˆ–ƒ’•ƒ††‹‡• ƒ‡’ƒ”–•‘ˆƒ–ƒ’ –ƒ–‡–›’‡•‘ˆ–ƒ’•ƒ†’”‘…‡†—”‡•‘ˆ—•‹‰–Š”‡‡–›’‡•‘ˆ–ƒ’• š’Žƒ‹„ƒ•‹…–‡”‹‘Ž‘‰›‘ˆ–ƒ’’‹‰ƒ„Ž‹†Š‘Ž‡ƒ†–Š”‘—‰ŠŠ‘Ž‡•…”‡™ –Š”‡ƒ† š’Žƒ‹–Š‡–‡”‹‘Ž‘‰›‘–ƒ’†”‹ŽŽ•‹œ‡ ˜  ƒŽ…—Žƒ–‡–Š‡•‹œ‡–ƒ’†”‹ŽŽ•‹œ‡ š’Žƒ‹–Š‡•–‡’•–‘†‘‹–‡”ƒŽ–Š”‡ƒ†‹‰ š’Žƒ‹–Š‡”‡ƒ•‘•ˆ‘”–ƒ’•„”‡ƒƒ‰‡‘ˆ–ƒ’•ƒ†‹–•’”‡˜‡–‹‘ ƒ‡†‹ˆˆ‡”‡––›’‡•‘ˆ†‹‡• š’Žƒ‹•–‡’•ˆ‘”‡š–‡”ƒŽ–Š”‡ƒ†‹‰—•‹‰ƒ†‹‡   š’Žƒ‹–Š‡—•‡‘ˆ…‘‘‡ƒ•—”‹‰–‘‘Ž•ƒ†‡“—‹’‡– ‹•–„ƒ•‹…‡ƒ•—”‹‰–‘‘Ž••—…Šƒ••–‡‡Ž”—Ž‡” –ƒ’‡ ‡š–‡”ƒŽƒ†‹–‡”ƒŽ …ƒŽ‹’‡”• –ƒ–‡†‹ˆˆ‡”‡––›’‡•‘ˆ‹…”‘‡–‡”• ‡–…Šƒ†Žƒ„‡Ž–Š‡’ƒ”–•‘ˆƒ‡š–‡”ƒŽ‹…”‘‡–‡” –ƒ–‡–Š‡‹—•‹‰ƒ‹…”‘‡–‡” ‡–…Šƒ†Žƒ„‡Ž–Š‡’ƒ”–•‘ˆƒ˜‡”‹‡”…ƒŽ‹’‡” –ƒ–‡–Š‡„ƒ•‹…’”‹…‹’Ž‡•‘ˆƒ˜‡”‹‡”…ƒŽ‹’‡” š’Žƒ‹–Š‡‡–Š‘†•‘ˆ—•‹‰ƒ˜‡”‹‡”…ƒŽ‹’‡” ‡ƒ†–Š‡˜‡”‹‡”…ƒŽ‹’‡””‡ƒ†‹‰ ‡–”‹…ƒ†‹’‡”‹ƒŽ—‹–•  –ƒ–‡–Š‡˜ƒ”‹‘—•–›’‡•‘ˆ‡ƒ•—”‹‰‡“—‹’‡–—•‹‰–Š‡˜‡”‹‡” ’”‹…‹’Ž‡•—…Šƒ•˜‡”‹‡”’”‘–”ƒ…–‘”ƒ†˜‡”‹‡”Š‡‹‰Š–‰ƒ—‰‡  .

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  †‡”•–ƒ†–Š‡†”‹ŽŽ‹‰ƒ…Š‹‡ƒ††”‹ŽŽ„‹– –™‹•–†”‹ŽŽ  ‡–…Šƒ†ƒ‡’ƒ”–•‘ˆƒ†”‹ŽŽ„‹– –™‹•–†”‹ŽŽ  š’Žƒ‹Š‘™†”‹ŽŽ•‹œ‡•ƒ”‡•–ƒ–‡†ƒ††‡–‡”‹‡† š’Žƒ‹•–‡’•‘ˆƒ”‹‰‘—–„‡ˆ‘”‡†”‹ŽŽ‹‰ š’Žƒ‹‡–Š‘†‘ˆŠ‘Ž†‹‰ƒ†”‹ŽŽ„‹– ‹ˆˆ‡”‡–‹ƒ–‡–Š‡˜ƒ”‹‘—•–›’‡•‘ˆ†”‹ŽŽ„‹–••—…Šƒ•…‡–”‡†”‹ŽŽ •–”ƒ‹‰Š– •Ž‘–†”‹ŽŽ „Ž‹†Š‘Ž‡†”‹ŽŽƒ†ˆŽƒ––‹’’‡††”‹ŽŽ š’Žƒ‹–Š‡‡ˆˆ‡…–•–‘ƒ†”‹ŽŽ‡†Š‘Ž‡‹ˆ–Š‡ƒ‰Ž‡‘ˆ–Š‡†”‹ŽŽ„‹––‹’‹•‘– ƒ……—”ƒ–‡ ƒŽ…—Žƒ–‡–Š‡•’‹†Ž‡•’‡‡†”‡˜‘Ž—–‹‘ ”’ ƒ†–Š‡ˆ‡‡†”ƒ–‡‹…Ž—†‹‰ ˆƒ…–‘”•–Šƒ–‹ˆŽ—‡…‡–Š‡•‡Ž‡…–‹‘‘ˆ–Š‡…—––‹‰•’‡‡† –ƒ–‡–Š‡–›’‡•‘ˆ…‘‘Žƒ–• ˆ—…–‹‘ƒ†ƒ†˜ƒ–ƒ‰‡• –ƒ–‡–Š‡•ƒˆ‡–›’”‘…‡†—”‡•–‘„‡–ƒ‡™Š‹Ž‡†”‹ŽŽ‹‰ †‡”•–ƒ†‡–Š‘†•‘ˆŠ‘Ž†‹‰™‘”’‹‡…‡ƒ††”‹ŽŽ‹‰ ‹˜‡–Š‡”‡ƒ•‘ˆ‘”Š‘Ž†‹‰–Š‡™‘”’‹‡…‡•‡…—”‡Ž›™Š‹Ž‡†”‹ŽŽ‹‰ š’Žƒ‹–Š‡–›’‡•™‘”Š‘Ž†‹‰†‡˜‹…‡•…‘‘Ž›—•‡†‹ƒ†”‹ŽŽ‹‰ ƒ…Š‹‡•—…Šƒ•ƒ…Š‹‡˜‹…‡ ƒ…Š‹‹•–˜‹…‡ „Ž‘…ƒ†‘–Š‡”• š’Žƒ‹–Š‡’”‘…‡†—”‡•–ƒ‡–‘†”‹ŽŽƒŽƒ”‰‡Š‘Ž‡ š’Žƒ‹–Š‡‹’‘”–ƒ…‡‘ˆ…‡–”‡†”‹ŽŽ‹‰ƒ†‰—‹†‡††”‹ŽŽ‹‰ š’Žƒ‹–Š‡—•‡•‘ˆŒ‹‰•‹ƒ†”‹ŽŽ‹‰ƒ…Š‹‡ ”‘˜‹†‡‡šƒ’Ž‡•‘ˆŒ‹‰• –ƒ–‡•ƒˆ‡–›’”‘…‡†—”‡•–‘„‡ˆ‘ŽŽ‘™‡†™Š‹Ž‡†”‹ŽŽ‹‰—•‹‰Œ‹‰• .

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 †‡”•–ƒ†Žƒ–Š‡ƒ…Š‹‡• š’Žƒ‹ˆ—…–‹‘•‘ˆ˜ƒ”‹‘—•’ƒ”–•‘ˆ…‡–”‡Žƒ–Š‡ƒ…Š‹‡ š’Žƒ‹™‹–Š•‡–…Š‘ˆ™‘”’‹‡…‡Š‡Ž†–‘–Š‡Žƒ–Š‡ƒ…Š‹‡ –ƒ–‡™‹–Š•‡–…Š–Š‡˜ƒ”‹‘—••Šƒ’‡•‘ˆ–‘‘Ž„‹–•ƒ†–Š‡‹”ˆ—…–‹‘‘” —•ƒ‰‡ ‡–…Š–‘‡š’Žƒ‹–Š‡˜ƒ”‹‘—•ƒ‰Ž‡•‘ˆƒ–‘‘Ž„‹––‹’ š’Žƒ‹–Š‡ƒ–‡”‹ƒŽ•—•‡†‹ƒ–‘‘Ž„‹– Žƒ„‘”ƒ–‡–Š‡‘’‡”ƒ–‹‘‹”‡Žƒ–‹‘–‘Žƒ–Š‡™‘”•—…Šƒ• –—”‹‰„‘”‹‰  ˆƒ…‹‰ †”‹ŽŽ‹‰ —”Ž‹‰ –”‡ƒ†…—––‹‰ƒ†‘ˆˆ …‡–”‡–—”‹‰  .

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 †‡”•–ƒ†Žƒ–Š‡ƒ…Š‹‡• ‹ˆˆ‡”‡–‹ƒ–‡–›’‡•‘ˆ‹ŽŽ‹‰ƒ…Š‹‡• š’Žƒ‹–Š‡…Šƒ”ƒ…–‡”‹•–‹…•ƒ†’ƒ”–•‘ˆ—‹˜‡”•ƒŽ‹ŽŽ‹‰ƒ…Š‹‡ –ƒ–‡–Š‡„ƒ•‹…’”‹…‹’Ž‡•‘ˆ‹ŽŽ‹‰ƒ…Š‹‡•  ƒ†ƒš‹•  š’Žƒ‹–™‘‡–Š‘†•‘ˆ—’…—–ƒ††‘™…—–‹ŽŽ‹‰ ‹•––Š‡—•ƒ‰‡‘ˆ˜ƒ”‹‘—•–›’‡•‘ˆ‹ŽŽ‹‰…—––‡” š’Žƒ‹–Š‡—•‡•‘ˆ˜ƒ”‹‘—•–›’‡•‘ˆ‹ŽŽ‹‰…—––‡” –ƒ–‡‡–Š‘†•‘ˆŠ‘Ž†‹‰…—––‹‰–‘‘Ž• –ƒ–‡‡–Š‘†•‘ˆŠ‘Ž†‹‰ƒ™‘”’‹‡…‡ ƒŽ…—Žƒ–‡–Š‡”‡˜‘Ž—–‹‘’‡”‹—–‡ ”’ ˆ‡‡†”ƒ–‡ƒ†…—––‹‰–‹‡ –ƒ–‡–Š‡•ƒˆ‡–›’”‘…‡†—”‡•™Š‹Ž‡—•‹‰–Š‡‹ŽŽ‹‰ƒ…Š‹‡ †‡”•–ƒ†‹†‡š‹‰ ƒ‡’ƒ”–•‘ˆ‹†‡šŠ‡ƒ† š’Žƒ‹–Š‡‘’‡”ƒ–‹‘‘ˆ‹†‡šŠ‡ƒ† –ƒ–‡–Š‡˜ƒ”‹‘—•–›’‡•‘ˆ‹†‡š‹‰ ƒŽ…—Žƒ–‡†‹”‡…– •‹’Ž‡ƒ†ƒ‰—Žƒ”‹†‡š‹‰  .

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 ‰”‹†‹‰ƒ…Š‹‡ ƒ‡–›’‡•‘ˆ‰”‹†‹‰ƒ…Š‹‡•ƒ†–Š‡‹”—•‡• –ƒ–‡–Š‡†‹ˆˆ‡”‡––›’‡•‘ˆ‰”‹†‹‰™Š‡‡Ž• š’Žƒ‹–Š‡ˆ‘ŽŽ‘™‹‰‰”‹†‹‰™Š‡‡Ž•’‡…‹ˆ‹…ƒ–‹‘•  –›’‡•‘ˆƒ„”ƒ•‹˜‡ ‹œ‡‘ˆ’ƒ”–‹…Ž‡• Š‡‡Ž‰”ƒ†‡ Š‡‡Ž•–”—…–—”‡ ‘†‹‰ƒ–‡”‹ƒŽ š’Žƒ‹†‡ˆ‡…–•ƒ†ƒ‹–‡ƒ…‡‘ˆ‰”‹†‹‰™Š‡‡Ž• š’Žƒ‹•–‡’•–‘…ƒ””›‘—–ƒ••‡„Ž‹‰ƒ†„ƒŽƒ…‹‰‘ˆ‰”‹†‹‰™Š‡‡Ž• š’Žƒ‹–Š‡•ƒˆ‡–›’”‘…‡†—”‡•–‘„‡ˆ‘ŽŽ‘™‡†—•‹‰ƒ‰”‹†‹‰ƒ…Š‹‡  .

  †‡”•–ƒ†‘š›ƒ…‡–›Ž‡‡™‡Ž†‹‰ ‡ˆ‹‡‘š›ƒ…‡–›Ž‡‡™‡Ž†‹‰ š’Žƒ‹Š‹‰Š’”‡••—”‡ƒ†Ž‘™’”‡••—”‡‘š›ƒ…‡–›Ž‡‡™‡Ž†‹‰  –ƒ–‡–Š‡—•‡•‘ˆ‘š›ƒ…‡–›Ž‡‡™‡Ž†‹‰‹‹†—•–”‹ƒŽ•‡…–‘” †‡”•–ƒ†‡Ž†‹‰‰ƒ•‡• š’Žƒ‹–Š‡–›’‡•‘ˆ‰ƒ•‡•—•‡†‹‘š›ƒ…‡–›Ž‡‡™‡Ž†‹‰ š’Žƒ‹–Š‡…Šƒ”ƒ…–‡”‹•–‹…• ’”‘†—…–‹‘ƒ†‘š›‰‡‰ƒ•…›Ž‹†‡” š’Žƒ‹–Š‡…Šƒ”ƒ…–‡”‹•–‹…• ’”‘†—…–‹‘ƒ†ƒ…‡–›Ž‡‡‰ƒ•…›Ž‹†‡” š’Žƒ‹–Š‡ƒ˜ƒ‹Žƒ„‹Ž‹–›‘ˆ‘–Š‡”‰ƒ•ˆ—‡Ž„‡•‹†‡•ƒ…‡–›Ž‡‡ .

9.1 Sketch with labels five types arc welding basic joints 9.1.3 Understand techniques of arc welding 9.1 Sketch with label the arc welding process 9.4. electrode angle and the speed of travel on a welding product 9.2 Explain the characteristics of polarity 9. advantages and disadvantages of  Direct current arc welding machine  Alternating current arc welding machine  Integrated AU/UT arc welding machine  Power driven direct current petrol/diesel arc welding generator  Electric motor driven direct current arc welding generator  9.2 Explain steps to be taken before starting weld 9.6 Explain basic types of welding joints 9.4 Explain types.3 Explain the procedures to choose the type of polarity 9.1 Explain the process to produce an electrode 9. classification.4.4 Draw basic schematic arc welding machine circuits 9. colour code and number code of electrodes.3 Explain function of the electrode coatings 9.2.3 Explain method in starting an arc welding 9.4.2 Explain the effects of arc length.š’Žƒ‹‘š›ƒ…‡–›Ž‡‡™‡Ž†‹‰‡“—‹’‡– š’Žƒ‹‘š›ƒ…‡–›Ž‡‡™‡Ž†‹‰‡“—‹’‡– š’Žƒ‹–Š‡™‘”‹‰’”‹…‹’Ž‡•‘ˆ”‡‰—Žƒ–‘”• –ƒ–‡–›’‡•‘ˆ‘š›ƒ…‡–›Ž‡‡Š‘•‡• –ƒ–‡–›’‡• ™‘”‹‰’”‹…‹’Ž‡• —•‡•ƒ†ˆ—…–‹‘‘ˆ–Š‡™‡Ž†‹‰–‘”…Š š’Žƒ‹–Š‡‘š›ƒ…‡–›Ž‡‡™‡Ž†‹‰–‹’ š’Žƒ‹–Š‡‘š›ƒ…‡–›Ž‡‡™‡Ž†‹‰ƒ‹ˆ‘Ž†•›•–‡ƒ†•‹‰Ž‡•–ƒ–‹‘ •›•–‡ †‡”•–ƒ†”ƒœ‹‰ƒ†”ƒœ‡‡Ž†‹‰”‘…‡•• ‡ˆ‹‡„”ƒœ‹‰ƒ†„”ƒœ‡™‡Ž†‹‰’”‘…‡•• š’Žƒ‹–Š‡ƒ’’Ž‹…ƒ–‹‘‘ˆ„”ƒœ‹‰ƒ†„”ƒœ‡™‡Ž†‹‰’”‘…‡•• š’Žƒ‹–Š‡ˆ—…–‹‘‘ˆˆŽ—š ˆ‹ŽŽ‡””‘†ƒ†–›’‡•‘ˆˆŽƒ‡•—•‡† š’Žƒ‹„”ƒœ‹‰ƒ†„”ƒœ‡™‡Ž†‹‰–‡…Š‹“—‡ †‡”•–ƒ†‹‰‘š›ƒ…‡–›Ž‡‡™‡Ž††‡ˆ‡…–•ƒ†‹–•’”‡˜‡–‹‘ š’Žƒ‹ƒ…‘’Ž‡–‡†™‡Ž†‹‰Œ‘‹–„ƒ•‡†‘’‡‡–”ƒ–‹‘ „‡ƒ†•Šƒ’‡ƒ† Œ‘‹–•ƒ……—”ƒ…› š’Žƒ‹–Š‡–›’‡•™‡Ž††‡ˆ‡…–•ƒ†‹–•’”‡˜‡–‹‘ ARC WELDING  Understand Arc welding machine  Explain the function of the ampere adjustment control  Recognize the basic components of an arc welding machine  Name five types of arc welding machines and explain the working principles.3.6.1 Define the terminology of Straight polarity and reverse polarity 9.2.4 Explain Electrode 9.6.2 Describe Polarity 9.5.3 Explain the advantages and the uses of every joint 9.5.4.5 Understand weld defects 9.1 Sketch with labels the types welding defect 9.5 Describe the function of the electrode core and slag 9.2 Explain weld defects in the arc welding process and its prevention 9.3.6.2 Explain the types of metal composition found in electrode core 9.2.3.7 Understand distortion .4.

9.1 Explain the welding terminologies such as: bead. reference line.9.2 Explain the reasons for distortion and its preventive methods 9.9.4 Interpret welding symbols   .9.2 additional symbols 9.9.9. root face and root gap 9.8.2 Explain types of welding symbols 9.2.1 State the importance of welding symbols 9. other side and arrow side 9.2. throat.1 Simple symbols 9.8 Identify welding terminologies 9.9.1 Name types of distortion 9.7.7. tail end.9 Identify welding symbols 9.3 Explain the welding symbol characters such as arrow. penetration. leg size.