Exam Name___________________________________

SHORT ANSWER. Write the word or phrase that best completes each statement or answers the question.

Figure 16.1 Using Figure 16.1, match the following: 1) Produces the hormones that promote the development of the female secondary sexual characteristics at puberty. 2) Storehouse for the hormones produced by the hypothalamus of the brain. 3) Produces the hormones that direct the production of the secondary male sex characteristics. 4) Produce steroid hormones and glucocorticoids and mineralocorticoids. 5) Produces hormones and is considered a neuroendocrine organ.


2) 3)

4) 5)


12) The hormone that raises blood sugar levels is insulin.Figure 16. 13) The endocrine structure that develops from the nervous system is the anterior pituitary. match the following hypothalamic hormones with the pituitary hormone targets: 6) Growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH). 9) Corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH).2 Using Figure 16. 10) Thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH). Write ‘T’ if the statement is true and ‘F’ if the statement is false. 7) Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH). TRUE/FALSE.2. 11) 12) 13) 6) 7) 8) 9) 10) 2 . 11) The antagonistic hormones that regulate the blood calcium level are calcitonin-parathormone. 8) Prolactin-releasing hormone (PRH).

C) feedback loop. 14) 15) MULTIPLE CHOICE. D) hypophyseal portal system. D) exerts its most important effects during menstruation. 15) Oxytocin is a strong stimulant of uterine contractions. C) is also called somatostatin. D) hypersecretion can result in androgenital syndrome. 20) Gonadocorticoid(s): A) synthesized by the adrenal medulla are primarily androgens. also called feminization. 16) 17) 18) 19) 20) 21) 3 . 18) Growth hormone: A) secretion results in a decrease in muscle mass. 17) Virtually all of the protein or amino acid-based hormones exert their effects through intracellular: A) deactivators. 19) Oxytocin: A) is an adenohypophyseal secretion. B) secretion inhibition is highly dependent on a negative feedback loop involving ACTH. 21) Several hormones are synthesized in the hypothalamus and transported to the anterior pituitary gland. D) promotes long bone growth during the formative years. The mechanism of transportation from hypothalamus to anterior pituitary gland is through the: A) hepatic portal system. C) thymus gland. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. C) release is an example of a positive feedback control mechanism. B) adrenal medulla. B) is regulated by humoral mechanisms. C) production by the adrenal gland is insignificant compared with sex hormone release from the gonads during late puberty. 16) Normal development of the immune response is due in part to hormones produced by the: A) thyroid gland.14) ACTH stimulates the adrenal cortex to release corticosteroid hormones. B) general circulatory system. D) pancreas. C) ions. D) second messengers. B) nucleotides. B) controls milk production.