{ Issues of the Community}

Area 5, Quezon City Labor Sector

Social Analysis:

Economic Factors
Macro
-Employment: contractual or impermanent; own business. -Cost of living in Manila (Family of 6): Php 1,010 (April 2011) -Poverty Threshold: Php 46/person/day -Metro Manila Minimum Wage: Php 389-426 (May 2011) -GDP: 3.2% (Q3, 2011)

Micro
-No stable employment for family members capable of work -Mothers usually need to stay at home to attend to children -Usual nature of employment: manual labor, minimum wage, contractual/impermanent -Alternative sources of income are available, but are mostly confined within the same community (ex. sari-sari stores) -Extended families: higher expenditures per household, with number of breadwinners staying the same. -Minimum material needs are met. (Priorities: food, water, electricity, children’s education)

Main Economic Issue: Employment

Political Factors
Macro
-Lack of land tenure* -Republic Act No. 8425: Social Reform and Poverty Alleviation Act -Conditional Cash Transfer program -OYSTER -Dagdag Puhunan Para sa Kabuhayan ng Pamilya -National Crisis: Ondoy, Rice Shortage, Public Education Crisis

Micro
-Effects passed laws and acts do not exactly trickle down to the community -Members of the community have no official ownership over the land -Land promised to war veterans were never fully and formally granted -No official documents: land titles -Presence of Labor Activists -Involvement with Labor Education And Research Network (LEARN)

Main Political Issue: Proper implementation and execution of laws

healthcare Micro -Values: strong family ties. in Economic and Political terms) -Lack of land tenure* -No formal education→translates to illiteracy and fewer employment opportunities -Health concerns: lack of proper nutrition. appreciation for simple things -Willingness to sacrifice education for employment -Domestic violence -Stereotypes for poor people Main Socio-cultural Issue: Tolerance of helplessness .Socio-cultural Factors Macro -Culture of abuse and marginalization (esp.

Environmental Factors Macro -Informal labor sector is not directly involved in the consumption of natural resources (nature of work) -However. Micro -No proper waste management system -Dependence of scavengers on nearby Payatas dumpsite -Apparent lack of involvement in environmental cultivation and/or conservation Main Environmental Issue: Apparent disconnect with physical environment . the environment is critical in the development and well-being of individuals. -UN-Habitat: Inadequate living conditions in the urban poor sector.

Issues .

Employment Issues .

Employment Tolerance of helplessness Issues .

Employment Tolerance of helplessness Disconnect with physical environment Issues .

Employment Tolerance of helplessness Disconnect with physical environment Issues Poor implementation of laws .

Manual Labor Employment Tolerance of helplessness Disconnect with physical environment Issues Poor implementation of laws .

Manual Labor Employment Tolerance of helplessness Disconnect with physical environment Issues Poor implementation of laws .

Manual Labor Employment Tolerance of helplessness Disconnect with physical environment Issues Poor implementation of laws .

Search for alternative income sources Manual Labor Employment Tolerance of helplessness Disconnect with physical environment Issues Poor implementation of laws .

Search for alternative income sources Sari-Sari store Bakery/Food Business Manual Labor Employment Tolerance of helplessness Disconnect with physical environment Issues Poor implementation of laws .

Search for alternative income sources Sari-Sari store Bakery/Food Business Manual Labor Employment Tolerance of helplessness Disconnect with physical environment Issues Poor implementation of laws .

Effects: Search for alternative income sources Sari-Sari store Bakery/Food Business Manual Labor Employment Tolerance of helplessness Disconnect with physical environment Issues Poor implementation of laws .

Effects: Search for alternative income sources Sari-Sari store Bakery/Food Business Manual Labor Employment Tolerance of helplessness Disconnect with physical environment Issues Poor implementation of laws .

Effects: Search for alternative income sources Sari-Sari store Bakery/Food Business Manual Labor Employment Tolerance of helplessness Disconnect with physical environment Issues Poor implementation of laws .

Poverty Effects: Search for alternative income sources Sari-Sari store Bakery/Food Business Manual Labor Employment Tolerance of helplessness Disconnect with physical environment Issues Poor implementation of laws .

Poverty Effects: Money circulate among themselves Search for alternative income sources Sari-Sari store Bakery/Food Business Manual Labor Employment Tolerance of helplessness Disconnect with physical environment Issues Poor implementation of laws .

Poverty Effects: Money circulate among themselves ↳still an unstable source of income ↳no actual increase in money Search for alternative income sources Sari-Sari store Bakery/Food Business Manual Labor Employment Tolerance of helplessness Disconnect with physical environment Issues Poor implementation of laws .

Effects: Poverty ↳forced to give up education for work ↳lack of opportunity Money circulate among themselves ↳still an unstable source of income ↳no actual increase in money Search for alternative income sources Sari-Sari store Bakery/Food Business Manual Labor Employment Tolerance of helplessness Disconnect with physical environment Issues Poor implementation of laws .

Effects: Poverty ↳forced to give up education for work ↳lack of opportunity Money circulate among themselves ↳still an unstable source of income ↳no actual increase in money Search for alternative income sources Sari-Sari store Bakery/Food Business Manual Labor Employment Tolerance of helplessness Disconnect with physical environment Issues Poor implementation of laws .

Effects: Poverty ↳forced to give up education for work ↳lack of opportunity Money circulate among themselves ↳still an unstable source of income ↳no actual increase in money Search for alternative income sources Sari-Sari store Bakery/Food Business Manual Labor Employment Tolerance of helplessness Disconnect with physical environment Issues Poor implementation of laws Land only owned by right (no documents) .

Effects: Poverty ↳forced to give up education for work ↳lack of opportunity Money circulate among themselves ↳still an unstable source of income ↳no actual increase in money Search for alternative income sources Sari-Sari store Bakery/Food Business Manual Labor Employment Tolerance of helplessness Disconnect with physical environment Issues Poor implementation of laws Land only owned by right (no documents) .

Effects: Poverty ↳forced to give up education for work ↳lack of opportunity Money circulate among themselves ↳still an unstable source of income ↳no actual increase in money Search for alternative income sources Sari-Sari store Bakery/Food Business Manual Labor Employment Tolerance of helplessness Disconnect with physical environment Issues Poor implementation of laws Land only owned by right (no documents) Effects: .

Effects: Poverty ↳forced to give up education for work ↳lack of opportunity Money circulate among themselves ↳still an unstable source of income ↳no actual increase in money Search for alternative income sources Sari-Sari store Bakery/Food Business Manual Labor Employment Tolerance of helplessness Disconnect with physical environment Issues Poor implementation of laws Land only owned by right (no documents) Effects: .

Effects: Poverty ↳forced to give up education for work ↳lack of opportunity Money circulate among themselves ↳still an unstable source of income ↳no actual increase in money Search for alternative income sources Sari-Sari store Bakery/Food Business Manual Labor Employment Tolerance of helplessness Disconnect with physical environment Issues Poor implementation of laws Land only owned by right (no documents) Effects: .

Meralco) reluctant to start development Effects: .Effects: Poverty ↳forced to give up education for work ↳lack of opportunity Money circulate among themselves ↳still an unstable source of income ↳no actual increase in money Search for alternative income sources Sari-Sari store Bakery/Food Business Manual Labor Employment Tolerance of helplessness Disconnect with physical environment Issues Poor implementation of laws Land only owned by right (no documents) companies (Manila Water.

Effects: Poverty ↳forced to give up education for work ↳lack of opportunity Money circulate among themselves ↳still an unstable source of income ↳no actual increase in money Search for alternative income sources Sari-Sari store Bakery/Food Business Manual Labor Employment Tolerance of helplessness Disconnect with physical environment Issues Poor implementation of laws Land only owned by right (no documents) companies (Manila Water. Meralco) reluctant to start development Effects: Displacement still possible .

Meralco) reluctant to start development ↳water system limited ↳no electricity for remote areas of the community Displacement still possible .Effects: Poverty ↳forced to give up education for work ↳lack of opportunity Money circulate among themselves ↳still an unstable source of income ↳no actual increase in money Search for alternative income sources Sari-Sari store Bakery/Food Business Manual Labor Employment Tolerance of helplessness Disconnect with physical environment Issues Poor implementation of laws Land only owned by right (no documents) Effects: companies (Manila Water.

Effects: Poverty ↳forced to give up education for work ↳lack of opportunity Money circulate among themselves ↳still an unstable source of income ↳no actual increase in money Search for alternative income sources Sari-Sari store Bakery/Food Business Manual Labor Employment Tolerance of helplessness Disconnect with physical environment Issues Poor implementation of laws Land only owned by right (no documents) Effects: companies (Manila Water. Meralco) reluctant to start development ↳water system limited ↳no electricity for remote areas of the community Displacement still possible .

Meralco) reluctant to start development ↳water system limited ↳no electricity for remote areas of the community Displacement still possible .Effects: Poverty ↳forced to give up education for work ↳lack of opportunity Money circulate among themselves ↳still an unstable source of income ↳no actual increase in money Few opportunities Manual Labor Search for alternative income sources Sari-Sari store Bakery/Food Business Employment Tolerance of helplessness Disconnect with physical environment Issues Poor implementation of laws Land only owned by right (no documents) Effects: companies (Manila Water.

Effects: Poverty ↳forced to give up education for work ↳lack of opportunity Money circulate among themselves ↳still an unstable source of income ↳no actual increase in money Few opportunities Manual Labor (Cause) Lack of education Search for alternative income sources Sari-Sari store Bakery/Food Business Employment Tolerance of helplessness Disconnect with physical environment Issues Poor implementation of laws Land only owned by right (no documents) Effects: companies (Manila Water. Meralco) reluctant to start development ↳water system limited ↳no electricity for remote areas of the community Displacement still possible .

Meralco) reluctant to start development ↳water system limited ↳no electricity for remote areas of the community Displacement still possible .Effects: Poverty ↳forced to give up education for work ↳lack of opportunity Money circulate among themselves ↳still an unstable source of income ↳no actual increase in money Few opportunities Manual Labor (Cause) Lack of education Search for alternative income sources Sari-Sari store Bakery/Food Business Employment Tolerance of helplessness Disconnect with physical environment Issues Poor implementation of laws Land only owned by right (no documents) Effects: companies (Manila Water.

Effects: Poverty ↳forced to give up education for work ↳lack of opportunity Money circulate among themselves ↳still an unstable source of income ↳no actual increase in money Few opportunities Manual Labor (Cause) Lack of education Search for alternative income sources Sari-Sari store Bakery/Food Business Employment Tolerance of helplessness Disconnect with physical environment Issues Poor implementation of laws Land only owned by right (no documents) Effects: companies (Manila Water. Meralco) reluctant to start development ↳water system limited ↳no electricity for remote areas of the community Displacement still possible .