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SENTHIL ME

www.chennaituitions.in

B.E./B.Tech. DEGREE EXAMINATION, APRIL/MAY 2010 Third Semester Mechanical Engineering ME2203 — KINEMATICS OF MACHINERY (Regulation 2008) Time: Three hours Answer ALL Questions PART A — (10 x 2 = 20 Marks) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Define Degree of Freedom and give the DOF for a cam with roller follower. List out the applications of Straight line motion mechanisms. A slider sliding at 100 mm/sec on a link, which is rotating at 60 rpm is subjected to Coriolis acceleration. Find its magnitude. Define rubbing velocity. Name any two types of cams with specified contours. What are the different types of motion with which a follower can move? What is axial pitch of a helical gear? What is the role of "Idlers" in gear trains? Define virtual coefficient of friction. State the condition for maximum power transmission in a belt drive and deduce the expression for corresponding belt velocity. PART B — (5 x 16 = 80 Marks) (a) Perform the kinematic analysis of the following Exact Straight Line motion mechanisms. (2x8= 16) (i) Peaucellier Mechanism. (ii) Hart's Mechanism. Or (i) Sketch and explain any three inversions of a double slider crank chain.(9) (ii) Illustrate a crank and slotted lever mechanism as an inversion of single slider crank chain. Deduce an expression for length of stroke in terms of link lengths. (7) (a) The mechanism of a warping machine is shown in the figure given below. Various dimensions are as follows. O1A = 100 mm; AC = 700 mm; BC = 200 mm ; BD = 150mm; O2D = 200mm; O2E = 400mm; O3C = 200mm. The crank O1A rotates at a uniform speed of 100 rad/sec. Determine the (i) Linear velocity of the point E on the bell crank lever (ii) Angular velocity of link AC and BD. Maximum: 100 Marks

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(b) Derive the expression for determining the angular position of the coupler link and the output link of a four bar mechanism

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V.SENTHIL ME

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(a) It is required to set out the profile of a cam to give the following motion to the reciprocating follower with a flat mushroom contact face: (i) Follower to have a stroke of 20 mm during 120° of cam rotation (ii) Follower to dwell for 30° of cam rotation (iii) Follower to return to its position during 120° of cam rotation (iv) Follower to dwell for the remaining period. The minimum radius of the cam is 25 mm. The outstroke of the follower is performed with simple harmonic motion and the return stroke with equal uniform acceleration and retardation. Or (b) Construct a tangent cam and mention the important terminologies on it. Also derive the expression for displacement, velocity and acceleration of a reciprocating roller follower when the roller has contact with the nose. (a) (i) State and prove "Law of gearing", and thus derive the expression for "Velocity of sliding". (10) (ii) Prove that the maximum length of arc of contact between a pair of gear tooth to avoid interference is (r + R)tan (6) Or (b) (i) Diagrammatically show the following with reference to a spur gear tooth: Face width, Pitch circle, Clearance, Tooth thickness, Addendum, and Dedendum.(6 x 1=6) (ii) An epicyclic gear train is shown in the following figure. How many revolutions does the arm makes when (1) A makes one revolution in clockwise and D makes 1/2 a revolution in the opposite sense and (2) A makes one revolution in clockwise and D remains stationary? The number of teeth in gears A and D are 40 and 90 respectively. (10)

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of pressure is uniform is given by, T= 3 with usual notations. (8) (ii) An effort of 200 N is required to just move a certain body up an inclined plane of an angle 15°, the force is acting parallel to the plane. If the angle of inclination of the plane is made 20°, the effort required parallel to the plane is found to be 230 N. Determine the weight of the body and the coefficient of friction. (8) Or (b) A compressor requires 90 kW to operate at 250 rpm. The drive is by V belts from an electric motor running at 750 rpm. The diameter of the pulley on the compressor shaft must not be greater than 1 meter while the center distance between the pulleys is limited to 1.75 m. The belt speed should not exceed 1600 m/min. Determine the number of V belts required to transmit the power if each belt has a cross sectional area of 375 mm2; density 1000 kg/m3 and an allowable tensile stress of 2.5 MPa. The groove angle of the pulley is 35°. The coefficient of friction between the belt and the pulley is 0.25. Also calculate the length of each belt. (a) (i) Prove that the torque transmitted by a cone clutch, when the intensity

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V.SENTHIL ME

www.chennaituitions.in

B.E./B.Tech. DEGREE EXAMINATION, NOVEMBER/DECEMBER 2009 Third Semester Mechanical Engineering ME 2203 — KINEMATICS OF MACHINERY (Regulation 2008) Time : Three hours Maximum : 100 Marks

Sketches to be drawn neatly A3 size drawing sheet will be issued if required Answer ALL Questions PART A — (10 x 2 = 20 Marks)

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. State Gruebler's criterion for spatial mechanism. Define 'Mechanical Advantage'. What is coriolis acceleration? What is meant by virtual centre? Why is a roller follower preferred to knife edge follower? Define 'Under cutting in cam'. State the law of gearing. Write the mobility of differential mechanism. What dp you mean by self-locking screws? Give the effect of centrifugal tension in belt drives. PART B — (5 x 16 = 80 Marks) (a)(i) Define transmission angle. Sketch a drag-link mechanism in maximum transmission angle and minimum transmission angle £ positions and explain.(10) (ii) Sketch and explain 'Whitworth' quick return mechanism. (6) Or (b)(i) Describe various inversions of double slider crank-mechanism with sketches.(10) (ii)Discuss about the straight line generators. (6) (a) In a simple steam engine, the lengths of the crank and the connecting rod are 100 mm and 400 mm respectively. The weight of the connecting rod is 50 kg and its centre of mass is 220 mm from the cross head centre. The radius of gyration about the centre of mass is 120 mm. If the engine speed is 300 rpm and the crank has turned 45° from IDC, determine (i) The angular velocity and acceleration of the connecting rod (ii) Kinetic energy of the connecting rod. (16) Or (b) PQRS is a four bar chain with a fixed link PS. The lengths of the links are : PQ = 62.5 mm, QR = 175 ram, RS = 112.5 mm and PS = 200 mm. The crank PQ rotates at 10 rad/s clockwise. Draw the velocity and acceleration diagram when angle QPS = 60° and find the angular velocity and angular acceleration of the links QR and RS. (16)

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chennaituitions. If the wheel A makes 20 rpm in a clockwise sense and the arm rotates at 100 rpm in the anticlockwise direction and the wheel C has 24 teeth. (16) (a) (i) Derive the condition for maximum efficiency of screw. The minimum radius of the cam is 30 mm. The cam rotation angles are: lift 60°. return 120° and remaining angle for dwell.4 kg per meter length. an annular wheel A having 54 teeth meshes with a planet wheel B which gears with a sun wheel C. The safe pull in each rope is 800 N and the mass of the rope is 0.SENTHIL ME www. determine the speed and direction of rotation of wheel C.05. The angle of pressure is 20° (i) What is the least number of teeth that can be used on each wheel? (ii) What is the addendum of the wheel in terms of circular pitch? (16) (or) (b) In an epicyclic gear train.in 13. : (16) 15. The arc of approach is not to be less than the circular pitch and smaller wheel is the driver. If // = 0. (a) A pair of spur gears with involute teeth is to give a gear ratio of 3:1. the wheels A and C being rotates about the axis of the wheels A and C. The line of motion of the follower has an offset 10 mm to the right angle of cam shaft axis. The lift of the follower is 40 mm. Draw the cam profile and determine the maximum velocity and acceleration during the lift and return.V. (b) A rope drive is required to transmit 230 kW from a pulley of 1 m diameter running at 450 rpm. (16) 14.9 m in diameter and this is the only resistance acting. Cam rotates at 300 rpm clockwise direction. (a) A disc cam used for moving a knife edge follower with SHM during lift and uniform acceleration and retardation motion during return. dwell 90°. How many turns will it make before it comes to rest? The pressure applied on the brake is 100 H and // = 0.3. Page 4 of 36 . (8) (ii) A bicycle and rider of mass 100 kg are travelling at the rate of 16 km/hr on a level road. find the number of ropes required. A brake is applied to the rear wheel which is 0. (8) Or. The angle of lap and the groove is 160° arid 45° respectively.(16) Or (b) What is tangent cam? Derive the expressions for the velocity and acceleration of a roller follower in the tangent cam.

(4x4= 16) (a) In a four . . Name two mechanism . (6 + 7 + 3) Or (b) Sketch and explain the four inversions of a single . How the direction of the angular velocity of the connecting rod is found out during velocity analysis of a reciprocating engine mechanism by graphical method? Define the term 'Pressure Angle' of a cam mechanism. The driving crank makes 10 r. The inputs parameters. clockwise. Make a brief comparison of 'Flat belt drive' and 'V-belt drive'. What is a 'Worm gear drive'? Explain with a sketch. PART A — (10x2 = 20 marks) 1. one where 'Coriolis Acceleration' is encountered and another where 'Coriolis Acceleration' is not encountered.slider crank'chain. 3. 9. of the angular velocity of the linkBC. 5. Mention also the application of each inversion. PART B — (5 x 16 = 80 marks) 11. \ ME 1252 — KINEMATICS OF MACHINERY (Common to Third Stemester Mechatronics Engineering) (Regulation 2004) (Common to B. (4) (ii) Find the velocity of the point C. which satisfy the law of gearing. AB makes t60 degree with AD.chennaituitions. (2) Page 5 of 36 12. 7. The driven link CD and the coupler BC are each 95 mm long.bar chain ABCD.in B.Tech. 2. At a certain instant. (2) (iv) Draw the acceleration diagram with suitable scale. . (6) (v) . DEGREE EXAMINATION. Briefly explain the term 'Rolling friction'.Find the acceleration of the point C. . the graphical or analytical method and also the verification of design are to be included. APRIL/MAY 2010 Fourth Semester Mechanical Engineering . The driving crank AB = 60 mm. A and D are fixed pivots 120 mm apart. (a) Give step-by-step method of design of a crank-rocker mechanism. Define the terms 'Kinematic pair' and 'Kinematic chain'.E. 6.p.V.E. 8. (Part-Time -Third Semester . Sketch and indicate the 'Transmission angle' of a four-bar mechanism.Regulation 2005) Time : Three hours Maximum : 100 marks Answer ALL questions.m./B.SENTHIL ME www. (i) Draw the velocity diagram with suitable scale. (2) (iii) Find the magnitude and direction. 10. 4. . How the maximum velocity of the follower of a cam mechanism is found out during the lift which takes place with Simple Harmonic Motion? Name two curves for use as gear profile.

The crank rotates at a uniform speed of 1000 r. The addendum of both pinion and rack is (6 mm). The least radius of the earn is 25 mm and this rotates at 300 r. The diameter of roller is 30 mm and the diameter of cam shaft is 25 mm. (5 + 11) 14. the following are required. (i) What is the least pressure angle which can be used to avoid undercutting?(4) (ii) Derive the formula used for finding the pressure angle. (3) Or (b) In an epicyclic gear of the "Sun and Planet" type. " The follower is raised through a distance of 25 mm in 120° rotation of the cam. (2) (a) A flat-faced mushroom follower is operated by a uniformly rotating cam. The valve is closed during the rest of revolution.p. rotating clockwise at a uniform speed is to be designed for a roller follower at the end of valve rod. when the crank has rotated 30 degrees from the inner dead centre position. For the position . The valve is lowered through next 60°. (9) Page 6 of 36 .in Or (b) A petrol engine has a stroke of 300 mm and its connecting rod is 900 mm long. Draw the velocity diagram with suitable scale. Or (5+11) (b) A cam with a minimum radius of 25 mm. (6) Find the acceleration of the piston. (2) Find the magnitude and direction of the angular velocity of the connecting rod. The valve rod is raised through 50 mm during 120° rotation.m. Draw the (i) (ii) Displacement diagram and Cam profile. the pitch circle diameter of the internally toothed ring gear is to be around 220 mm as nearly as possible. Draw the acceleration diagram with suitable scale. The module is 4 mm. remains at rest for the next 30° and is lowered during further 120° rotation of the cam. (4) Find the velocity of the piston. When the ring gear is stationary. The displacements take place with SHM.m. Draw the (i) (ii) Displacement diagram and Cam profile. the uniform acceleration is 2/3 of the uniform deceleration. The raising of the follower takes place with SHM and the lowering with uniform acceleration and deceleration. When the line of the stroke is offset 15 mm from the axis of the cam shaft. The angle of dwell is 30°. (a) A pinion of 20 teeth and modulo 4 mm having involute profile drive's n rack. (6) (iii) Find the length of air of contact.p.chennaituitions.SENTHIL ME www. However.V. (i) Determine suitable numbers of teeth for all gears. the arm which carries three planet wheels of equal size is to make one revolution for every five of the driving spindle carrying the sun gear. (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) 13. (3) (iv) Find the number of pairs of teeth in contact at a time.

Determine the breaking torque. The coefficient of friction is 0.m.SENTHIL ME www. (10) .The vertical distance of the pivot (of the lever) from the centre of the drum is 75 mm. (a) (i) What are Block Brakes? Derive an expression relating the applied force and breaking torque in a Block Brake. The belt is 10 cm wide and 0. (6) (ii) A pulley is driven by a flat belt. angle of lap being 120 degrees. (10) Page 7 of 36 . The coefficient friction is 0. Find the maximum power that can be transmitted and the corresponding speed of the belt.35. (2) (iii) If a torque of 20 N..chennaituitions. what torque will be required to keep the ring gear stationary? 15. Or (b) (i) Derive an expression for the centrifugal tension in belt drives. The horizontal distance of the pivot from the centre of the drum is 200 mm.3 and maximum stress in the belt is not to exceed 200 N/cm2. The belt weighs 6 N per metre run.6 cm thick. The L-shaped lever has its longer arm horizontal. (6) (ii) The diameter of a block brake is 250 mm.V. is applied to the spindle carrying the sun gear. An effort of 700 N (vertical) is applied at a horizontal distance of 400 mm from the pivot. The contact angle of the block is 90 degrees.in (ii) Find the exact diameter of pitch circle of the ring gear.

(8) (ii) Determine the number of degree of freedom of the following mechanisms. A3 size drawing sheet will be issued. 2. 5.in B. What is friction angle? State the condition for self locking of screw jack.E. How angular velocity of a link is calculated from a velocity diagram? Write the name of the mechanism shown in figure. 8. if required. The line of stroke of ram passes through the center of rotation of slotted lever. (Part-time) Third Semester Mechanical Engineering . 6. 10. 4. The distance between the fixed center is 10 cm. DEGREE EXAMINATION. What is high speed cam? What is interference in involute teeth? Define velocity ratio of an epicyclic gear train.V. 3. define Pitch point.E/B.Regulation 2005) (Regulation 2004) Time : Three hour Maximum : 100 marks Sketches to be drawn neatly. (a) (i) In a whitworth quick return mechanism. PART A — (10 x 2 = 20 marks) 1. Fourth Semester Mechanical Engineering ME 1252 — KINEMATICS OF MACHINERY (Common to Third Semester-Mechatronics Engineering) (Also common to B. What is Grashoffs law for a four bar linkage? Sketch an offset slider crank mechanism.Tech. shown Page 8 of 36 . whose free end is connected to the ram by a connecting link. Determine the ratio of time of cutting to time of return. 9. In context with Cam. driving crank is 15 cm long. Answer ALL questions. PART B — (5 x 16 = 80 marks) 11. Give brief procedure for graphical constructions. NOVEMBER/DECEMBER 2009. 7.SENTHIL ME www.chennaituitions.

(clockwise). (i) Angular velocities of link BC and CD (ii) Angular accelerations of link BC and CD. Determine (i) Velocity of G (ii) Angular velocity of link EF (iii) Velocity of sliding of EF in the swivel block S. CD = 60 mm. BC = CD = 70 mm. The crank AB rotates at 200 rpm. AB = 25 mm. Z. (ii) Explain with sketches any two inversions of a double slider crank mechanism(8). ZDAB = 60°. (4x2 = 8) (b) (i) Sketch the following straight line generators and show the path traced by the point. AD = 150 mm.V. BE = fyQ EC. BC = 175 mm.SENTHIL ME www.chennaituitions. The lengths of various links are AB = 60 mm.in in the figure 1. Or | (b) The dimensions of various links of a mechanism as shown in the figure 2 are as follows. (2x4 = 8) (1) Peaucillier mechanism (2) Pantograph linkage. Both B and C lie on the same side of AD.DAB = 135°. 12. Page 9 of 36 . (a) In a four bar linkage. Determine. AD = 120 mm. link AD is fixed and crank AB rotates at 10 rad/sec constants. EF = PG = 100 mm.

as shown in figure 3 is composed of a fixed annuLir wheel A having 150 teeth. (a) (i)Derive an expression for minimum number of teeth on pinion to avoid interference. D being concentric with A. determine the number of teeth on C and speed and sense of rotation of wheel C.in 13. (i) Outstroke with maximum displacement of 48 mm during 180° of cam rotation (ii) Return stroke for the next 100° of cam rotation (iii) Dwell for the remaining period. . (ii) Derive equation of motion and its derivatives for a tangent cam with roller follower on straight surface. (8) (ii) An epicyclic gear train.SENTHIL ME www. (a) (i) Sketch a plate cam mechanism with roller follower and mark. (8) Page 10 of 36 . The minimum radius of the cam is 30 mm and diameter of roller is 15 mm. The wheel A is meshing with wheel B which drives wheel D through an idle wheel C.chennaituitions. (8) Or (b) Draw the profile of cam when the follower moves with cycloidal motion for both out stroke and return stroke as detailed below.V. The wheels B and C are carried on an arm which revolves clockwise at 100 rpm about the axis of A and D. The axis of the follower passes through the axis of the cam shaft. 14. If the wheels B and D have 25 and 40 teeth respectively. (8) (1) Pitch curve (2) Cam profile (3) Base circle (4) Prime circle (5) Rise (6) Return (7) Dwell.

(a) (i) Derive an expression for braking effort required in a band brake. The belt is in point of slipping when 4 kW is being transmitted. (8) Or (b) (i) A multiple disc friction clutch operating in oil is required to transmit 5 kW at 760 rpm.35 MPa and coefficient of friction is 0. The angle of lap on this pulley is 160° and coefficient of friction is 0. If the pinion rotates at 150 rpm.1.25. (8) (ii) Derive an expression for effort to be applied at the end of a lever of length I m to lift a load of W kN in a screw jack. determine (i) Minimum number of teeth on each wheel to avoid interference (ii)Number of pair of teeth in contact (iii) Maximum velocity of sliding at engagement.in . Determine the minimum number of discs required. Assume uniform wear theory is applicable. (8) (ii) An open belt connects two pulleys The smaller pulley is 300 mm in diameter and runs at 200 rpm. Which of the following two alternatives would be more effective in increasing the power rating? (1) Increasing the initial tension by 10% (2) Increasing the coefficient of friction by 10%. (8) 15.chennaituitions. The effective inner and outer radii of the friction surfaces are 40 mm and 70 mm respectively. Page 11 of 36 .0. disengagement and at the point of contact. if the permissible average pressure for the friction surfaces is 0.SENTHIL ME www. . Module of both gears is 3 mm and the addendum is equal to one module.V. Or (b) Two 20° involute spur gears mesh externally and gave a velocity ratio of 3.

Determine the acceleration of slider and angular acceleration of connecting rod. 6. PART B — (5 x 16 = 80 marks) 11. Sketches should be drawn neatly. (a) Explain the working a quick return motion mechanism. 2. Give brief procedure for graphical constructions. The angular velocity of crank is 10 rad/sec(ccw). PART A — (10 x 2 = 20 marks) 1.in B. Also derive an equation for the ratio of time taken for return stroke and forward strokes. 7.E. The angular acceleration of the crank is 1200 rad/sec2. (Part-Time) Third Semester . Symbols used in the solutions should be explained atleast once for each answer. 5. Give any two inversions of a single slider chain.SENTHIL ME www. MAY/JUNE 2009. Use both sides of the drawing sheet. Write Grashoff s law for 4-bar mechanism. (a) A slider crank mechanism has a crank of 30 mm length and connecting rod 50 mm length. Draw an acceleration polygon for a crank rotating at an angular speed of 'co' rad/sec and angular acceleration of α rad/sec2. .E. if necessary.Regulation 2005) Time : Three hours Maximum : 100 marks Answer ALL questions. 4. Fourth Semester Mechanical Engineering ME 1252 — KINEMATICS OF MACHINERY (Regulation 2004) (Common to B. Or Explain the working of a toggle mechanism and its application with a neat sketch./B.V. What is the significance of pressure angle in cam? What is the follower motion used for high speed cams? Why? What are the advantages and dis-advantages of involute gear tooth profile? What are the applications of inverted gear trains? What is the apparent co-efficient of friction in belt drives? Distinguish between sliding and rolling friction. DEGREE EXAMINATION. 10.Tech.chennaituitions. 8. A3 size drawing sheet will be supplied on request. The crank makes an angle of 90°~ with the line of strike. Answers without substituting the data in the equations will carry zero marks. Fold the drawing sheet to the size of the answer sheet and attach it. Explain how the direction of Coriolis acceleration is obtained. Or Page 12 of 36 (b) 12. Answer without units and with wrong units will carry less marks. 3. 9.

chennaituitions. find the speed of the machine shaft. dwell for the next 30°. Find the velocity of the tool-box R. The addendum of both pinion and rack is 6.in b) The driving crank AB of a quick-return mechanism shown below revolves at a uniform speed of 200 rpm. (a) A cam is to designed for a knife edge follower with the following data : cam lift = 40 mm during 90° of cam rotation with SHM. The radius of the base circle of the cam is 40 mm. 14. the follower returns to its original position with SHM. and also with annular fixed wheel D. Or (b) In an epicyclic gear train shown in Fig. The arm rotates about the same shaft on which A is fixed and carries the compound wheel B-C.2. 13. The wheel B has 20 teeth and gears with A. which is keyed to the machine shaft.5 mm and the least radius of the cam is 40 mm.B being a compound gear wheel). If the motor runs at 1000 rpm.l.25 mm. find the length of the arc of contact and the minimum number of teeth in contact at a time. The valve must remain in the fully open position for 20° of cam rotation. Gear C meshes with annular wheel E. during the next 60° of cam rotation. What is the least pressure angle which can be used to avoid interference? With this pressure angle. The valve is 37. Or (b) Draw a cam profile for operating the exhaust valve of an oil engine. The follower is provided with a roller of radius 20 mm and its line of stroke passes through the axis of the cam.V.SENTHIL ME www. in the position shown in Fig. when the crank makes as angle of 60° with the vertical line AP. (a) A pinion of 20 involute teeth and 125 mm pitch circle diameter drives a rack. Also determine the angular velocity of link PQ. Pinion C has 15 teeth and is . Page 13 of 36 . It is required to give equal uniform acceleration and retardation during opening and closing of the valve each of which corresponds to 60° of cam rotation. dwell during the remaining 180°. integral with B(C. the pinion A has 15 teeth and is rigidly fixed in the motor shaft. Draw the profile of the cam when the line of stroke is offset 20 mm from the axis of the cam shaft.

SENTHIL ME www. What is the mechanical advantage obtained? State whether the screw is self locking or not. having a square threaded screw of 12 mm pitch and of mean diameter 50mm. what should be the length of the lever used? Co-efficient of friction = 0.07 N/mm2. Or (b) A load of 10 kN is raised by means of a screw jack. Page 14 of 36 .5 kW at 900 rpm.25. (a) A single dry plate clutch transmits 7. If the co-efficient of friction is 0.15.V. If a force of 100 N is applied at the end of a lever to raise the load.in 15. The axial pressure is limited to 0.chennaituitions. find mean radius and face width of the friction lining assuming the ratio of the mean radius to the face width as 4 and outer and inner radii of the clutch plate.

Or The mechanism of a warping machine is shown in the fig. BC = 200 mm.E. (8) (a)Derive the expression for determining the angular position of the coupler link and the output link of a four bar mechanism. DEGREE EXAMINATION. if required. 6. O2D = 200mm. 3. (a) Page 15 of 36 . (2) Or (b) (i)Sketch and explain any three inversions of a double slider crank chain(8). Answer ALL questions. The crank O1A rotates at a uniform speed of 100 rad/sec. Define "Actual Mechanical advantage". A3 size drawing sheet will be issued.BD = 150 mm.Tech. the distance between the fixed centers is 240 mm and the length of the driving crank is 120 mm./B. 5. O1A = 100 mm. Determine the inclination of the slotted bar with the vertical in the extreme position and the time ratio of cutting stroke to the return stroke. PART B — (5 x 16 = 80 marks) 11. (Part-Time) Third Semester Regulation 2005) Time: Three hours Maximum: 100 marks Sketches to be drawn neatly.Q. 2. O2E = 400 mm. Fourth Semester (Regulation 2004) Mechanical Engineering ME 1252 — KINEMATICS OF MACHINERY (Common to B. PART A — (10 x 2 = 20 marks) Define DOF of a mechanism.E. 1. (ii) In a crank and slotted lever quick return motion mechanism.chennaituitions. 7. What are the different types of motion with which a follower can move? State "Law of gearing". State Grubbler's criterion for planar mechanisms. (6) (ii) State and prove the Kutzbach criteria for the following kinematic chains (1) Cam with roller follower. What are various types of torques in an epicyclic gear train? How centrifugal tension affects the power transmission in belt drive? Define the term "Limiting friction". (b) (i) Explain the following mechanisms in kinematics point of view (1) Ratchat and pawl mechanism.SENTHIL ME www. 8.b. Various dimensions are as follows. NOVEMBER/DECEMBER 2008. How the direction of coriolis component of acceleration is determined? Draw at least any four types of cam with followers. (6) (2) Indexing mechanism. (2) (2) Two bar chain. 12.12. AC = 700 mm.V. O3C = 200 mm. 4. 10.in B. Determine (i) Linear velocity of the point E on the bell crank lever (ii) Acceleration of the points B and E (iii) Aneiilar acceleration of the bell crank lever. 9.

The addendum on each wheel is to be made of such a length that the line of contact on each side of the pitch point has half of the maximum possible length. (ii) Follower to dwell for 30° of cam rotation. Speed = 600 rpm. Angle of lift = 75°. (iv) Follower to dwell for the remaining period.in 13. (10) 14. (iii) Follower to return to its position during 120° of cam rotation. Page 16 of 36 . The gear A rotates at 100 rpm in anticlockwise direction and the gear D rotates at 450 rpm clockwise. The compound gears B and C rotate together on the axis Q at the end of arm F.chennaituitions.SENTHIL ME www. at the beginning of contact with the nose and at the apex of the nose. (8) (ii) Two mating gears have 20 and 40 involute teeth of module 10 mm and 20° pressure angle. 45 and 21 respectively. arc of contact and contact ratio. Or (b) A symmetrical circular cam operating a flat faced follower has the following particulars : Minimum radius of the cam = 30 mm. (a)(i)Derive an expression for minimum number of teeth on the wheel in order to avoid interference.V. The outstroke of the follower is performed with simple harmonic motion and the return stroke with equal uniform acceleration and retardation. 1. Total lift = 20 mm. The minimum radius of the cam is 25 mm. The gears A. (ii) Acceleration of the follower at the beginning of lift.(8) Or (b) (i)Explain the procedure adopted for designing the spur wheels. at the end of contact with the circular flank. (6) (ii) A compound epicyclic gear is shown in fig. The number of external teeth on gears A. B and C are 18. Determine : (i) The principal dimensions of the cam. D and E are free to rotate on axis P. Nose radius = 5 mm. (a)It is required to set out the profile of a cam to give the following motion to the reciprocating follower with a flat mushroom contact face : (i) Follower to have a stroke of 20 mm during 120° of cam rotation. All the gears have equal pitch. Determine the addendum height for each gear wheel. The gears D and E are annulus gears. Find the speed and direction of the arm and the gear E. length of the path of contact. Draw the profile of the cam.

Determine the number of V belts required to transmit the power if each belt has a cross sectional area of 375 mm2. The coefficient of friction between the belt and the pulley is 0. (8) (ii) A leather faced conical clutch has a cone angle of 300. Assume uniform rate of wear and take coefficient of friction as 0. Also calculate the length required for each belt. The belt speed should not exceed 1600 m/min.chennaituitions.V. (10) (ii) Derive an expression for braking torque on the drum of Simple band brake.(8) Or (b) (i) A compressor requires 90 kW to operate at 250 rpm. The diameter of the pulley on the compressor shaft must not be greater than 1 meter while the center distance between the pulleys is limited to 1. The drive is by V belts from an electric motor running at 750 rpm. The groove angle of the pulley is 35°. density 1000 kg/m3 and an allowable tensile stress of 2.25.(6) Page 17 of 36 .5 kW at 2000 rpm. if I is the length of the arm. (a) (i) Derive an expression for the torque required to lift a load by a screw jack.15.75m. If the intensity of pressure between the contact surfaces is limited to 0.5 MPa.35 MPa and the breadth of the conical surface is not to exceed one-third of the mean radius. find the dimensions of the contact surfaces to transmit 22.SENTHIL ME www.in 15.

4. Fourth Semester (Regulation 2004) Mechanical Engineering ME 1252 — KINEMATICS OF MACHINERY (Common to B. BC = 400 mm. AD is the fixed link./B. 9. Explain the coriolis component of acceleration. What is creep in the case of belt? Which type of screw thread is preferable in power transmission? PART B — (5 x 16 = 80 marks) 11. Page 18 of 36 Maximum : 100 mark 12. What is higher pair? Define pitch curve of the cam. the crank QA rotates at 36 rad/s. Define undercutting in Gears. 5.V. (16) Or (b) In a four bar mechanism. . Define Grashoffs law. 6.Tech. Define interference in Gears. (a) The crank of a slider crank mechanism is 15 cm and the connecting rod is 60 cm long. A3 size drawing sheet will be issued. 10. CD = 450 mm and AD = 60 mm. 3. 8.chennaituitions. When it has turned 45° from the inner dead centre position determine : (i) Velocity of slider (ii) Angular velocity of connecting rod (iii) Linear velocity of the mid point of the connecting rod. The crank makes 300 rpm in the clockwise direction.in B.E. PART A — (10 x 2 = 20 marks) 1. 100 mm from the pin connecting the links CD and AD. Define degree of freedom. (Part-Time) Third Semester Regulation 2005) Time : Three hours Sketches to be drawn neatly.E.SENTHIL ME www. APRIL/MAY 2008. if required. At the instant when AB is at right angle to AD. Define pressure angle and explain the effect of different pressure angle. Give brief procedure for graphical constructions. determine the velocity of (i) the mid point of the link BC (ii) a point on link CD. 2. (a) What is the importance of finding acceleration of various points in a mechanism? Name the two different methods of finding acceleration in a mechanism. Answer ALL questions. DEGREE EXAMINATION. The lengths of the links are AB = 200 mm. 7.(16) Or (b) What do you mean by coriolis component of acceleration? When it will exist? Prove that the component of acceleration is equal to 2 vco where v = linear velocity of slider co = angular velocity of link.

The coefficient of friction is 0. The angle of ascent is 60° and total lift is 15 mm.e) the distance between the cam centre and nose centre. circular pitch.SENTHIL ME www. (16) 15. (16) Page 19 of 36 . (16) 14. The maximum tension in the belt is 1855 N. Derive an expression for the velocity of sliding between a pair of involute teeth.1.85 m Height of CG from road surface = 600 mm Perpendicular distance of CG from rear axle = 1. then calculate : The principal dimensions of the cam (i. (16) Or (b) A car moving along a level road is having the following data : Wheel base of car = 2.in 13.V. (16) Or (b) A symmetrical tangent cam with a least radius of 25 mm operates a roller follower of radius 10 mm. (a) What do you mean by pitch point. The driver pulley of diameter 120 cm runs at 200 rpm. nose radius and angle of control of cam with straight flank. (16) Or (b) State and prove the law of gear tooth action for constant velocity ratio and show how the involute teeth profile satisfies the condition. If the speed of the cam is 400 rpm. Calculate : (i) the power transmitted (ii) the torque on each of the two shafts.2 m Speed = 60 km/h. Least radius of the cam = 50 mm Angle of ascent = 48° Angle of dwell = 42° Angle of descent = 60° Lift of the follower = 40 mm Diameter of the roller = 30 mm If the cam rotates at 360 rpm anticlockwise find the maximum velocity and acceleration of the follower during descent. State the advantages of involute profile as a gear tooth profile. Find the minimum distance in which the car may be stopped when brakes are applied (i) to the rear wheels (ii) to all the four wheels. addendum and pressure angle? Explain in detail.3. (a) From the following data draw the profile of a cam in which the follower moves with SHM during ascent while it moves with uniformly-accelerated and decelerated motion during descent. (a) An open belt drive connects two pulleys 120 cm and 50 cm diameters on parallel shafts 4 m apart. // = 0. module.chennaituitions.

if required. List out the applications of epicyclic gear train.in B. when the crank makes an angle of 60° with the vertical line of centers PA. DEGREE EXAMINATION. (4) (iii) Illustrate a crank and slotted lever mechanism as an inversion of single slider crank chain.SENTHIL ME www. What is axial pitch of a helical gear? 8. Define Corioli's component of acceleration. 9. Fourth Semester (Regulation 2004) Mechanical Engineering ME 1252 — KINEMATICS OF MACHINERY (Common to B. (a) The driving crank AD of the quick-return mechanism. Find the velocity and acceleration of the tool-box R. 4. What is the condition of maximum efficiency of a Screw jack? 10. What is the acceleration of sliding of the block at B along the slotted lever PQ? Page 20 of 36 . in the position shown. as shown in Fig. (a) (i) Define transmission angle of a four bar linkage.E. 12.Tech.What are the advantages of wire ropes over fabric ropes? PART B — (5 x 16 = 80 marks) 11. MAY/JUNE 2007. What is prime circle of a carn? What is the radial distance between the prime circle and base circle for a carn with knife edge follower? 7. (a). 3.E.m. 2./B. List out the inversions of a double slider crank chain.V. Analytically perform the displacement analysis of a four bar mechanism. PART A — (10 x 2 = 20 marks) 1. Enumerate the difference between a Machine and a Structure. revolves at a uniform speed of 200 r. Answer ALL questions. State the expressions for maximum velocity and acceleration of a follower moves with Cycloidal motion 6. (Part-Time) Third Semester Regulation 2005) Time: Three hours Maximum: 100 marks A3 size drawing sheet will be issued. What is the effect of transmission angle on mechanical advantage? (4) (ii) Briefly explain various types of constrained motions.p. Define rubbing velocity. Deduce an expression for length of stroke in terms of link lengths.chennaituitions. (8) Or (b) 12. 5.

Page 21 of 36 . AB = 360 mm. acceleration of a reciprocating roller follower when the roller has contact with the nose. rotating in clockwise direction with a uniform speed of 100 rpm is to be designed to give the motion for a roller follower as follows. For the given configuration determine the velocity of the slider and angular velocity of links AB. Also derive the expression for displacement.V. Fig. BC and BD. Or (b) Construct a tangent carn and mention the important terminologies on it. velocity. CB = 240 mm. (ii) Fully raised through next 30° (iii) To lower during next 60° with UAUR (iv) Dwell for the remaining period. The dimension of various links are as follows. 12 (a) Or (b) For the toggle mechanism as shown in Fig. BD = 540 mm. Draw the profile of the cam when the line of stroke of the follower is offset by 15 mm from the axis of the camshaft. 12 (b). the slider D is constrained to move along horizontal direction.chennaituitions. (i) To raise through 50 mm during 120° rotation of cam with SHM. The crank rotates at 180 rpm. (a) A cam with a minimum radius of 25 mm. Also determine the linear acceleration of the slider D.SENTHIL ME www. OA = 180 mm . 12 (b) 13.in Fig.

The gear ratio is 1. (12) 15.in 14.V. If the (J intensity of pressure between the contact surfaces is limited to 0. determine the force required at the end of spanner 500 mm long when the load on the bolt is 10 kN.(8) Or (ii) Page 22 of 36 . (a) (i) A square threaded bolt of root diameter 22.SENTHIL ME www. In order to avoid the interference.5 mm and pitch 5 mm is tightened by screwing a nut whose mean diameter of bearing surface is 50 mm.15 .35 N/mm2 and the breadth of the conical surface is not to exceed 1/3rd of the mean radius. (8) A leather faced conical clutch has a cone angle of 30°. 14 (a). (1) when A makes one revolution in clockwise and D makes t a revolution in the opposite sense (2) when A makes one revolution in clockwise and D remams stationary.(6) Or (b) (i) State and prove law of gearing (4). determine (1) addenda on pinion and wheel (2) length of path of contact (3) maximum velocity of sliding on either side of pitch point. (ii) A pair of involute spur gears with 16° pressure angle and pitch of module 6 mm is in mesh. If the coefficient of friction between nut and bolt is 0. Determine the dimensions of the contact surfaces to transmit 22. Assume uniform wear rate and J1 =0.chennaituitions. How many revolutions does the arm makes. (10) Fig 14 (a) (ii) What is reverted gear train? Explain the arrangement of various gears in a reverted gear train and express the characteristic equations used to define their operation. (a)(i) An epicyclic gear train is shown in the Fig.1 and nut and bearing surface is 0. The number of teeth in pinion is 16 and its rotational speed is 240 rpm. The number of teeth in gears A and D are 40 and 90 respectively.16.5 KW at 2000 rpm.75.

SENTHIL ME www. determine the face width of the Shoes (both shoes have same width) and (2) What torque will the brake absorb? Page 23 of 36 .chennaituitions.in (b) (i) Derive the expression for Frictional torque on cone clutch based on uniform pressure theory (6) (ii) The brake whose dimensions are shown in figure 15 (b) has a co-efficient of friction of 0.V.3 and is to have a maximum pressure of 1000 kPa against the friction material. (1) Using an actuating force of 1750 N.

Explain briefly significance of friction in braking. (a) (i) Explain the inversions of four bar chain. Sketch the arrangement and determine speed of machine for a motor speed of 1000 rpm. Answer ALL questions. Explain briefly the use of differential in an automobile. The addendum on each wheel is to be made of such a length that the line of contact on each side of the pitch point has half the maximum possible length.V. with link proportions.SENTHIL ME www.(a) (i)What is meant by interference in gears? What are the measures to eliminate the same? (4) (ii) An epicyclic train has a pinion A having 15 teeth. 12. length of the path of contact. Determine the addendum height for each gear wheel. DEGREE EXAMINATION. 5.Tech.E. C. Also determine torque on machine shaft for a motor torque of 100 N-m. (8) Or Page 24 of 36 (8) . 3. Give brief procedure for graphical constructions. 8. centrally located and rigidly connected to shaft of driving motor. (ii) Explain with neat sketches the following : a./B. Gear C is integral with B and meshes with another annular wheel E which is keyed to the shaft of driven unit. 7.in B. State the basic requirements for high speed cams. Explain normal component of acceleration. The arm rotates about driving shaft and carries compound gear B. NOVEMBER/DECEMBER 2006. What are the classifications of cams based on contact surfaces? 6. PART B — (5 x 16 = 80 marks) 11 . Fourth Semester Mechanical Engineering ME 1252 — KINEMATICS OF MACHINERY (Common to BE (Part-Time) Third Semester Regulation 2005) (Regulation 2004) Time : Three hours Sketches to be drawn neatly. What is Kutzbach criterion for planar mechanism? 2. Another gear B having 20 teeth is gearing with A and also with annular fixed wheel D. Define module of gears and its relation to circular pitch. arc of contact and contact ratio. 9. Maximum : 100 marks PART A — (10 x 2 = 20 marks) 1. An indexing mechanism. (12) Or (b) Two mating gears have 20 and 40 involute teeth of module 10 mm and 20° pressure angle. What are timing belts? 10.chennaituitions. with neat sketches. State Corioli's law. Sketch an exact straight line mechanism. Offset slider mechanism b. 4.

5 mm. Considering centrifugal tension.7 Kg/m and it can withstand a tension of 800 N. . Out stroke and return stroke of the follower are simple harmonic. Find the angular acceleration of links AB and B04 when the crank is rotating with a constant angular velocity of 200 rad/s counter clockwise and also positioned of 45° to horizontal. (a) Draw the profile of disc cam to give uniform acceleration and retardation out stroke of 25 mm to a knife edge follower during first half of revolution.25 times internal diameter. find the following : (1) Number of ropes required (2) Initial tension in the rope.chennaituitions. (iii) Follower to return to its initial position during 120° of cam rotation. Find also total acceleration of a point X on connecting rod 80 mm from crank pin. Also find the torque required to lower the load and efficiency of screw jack. Coefficient of friction between screw and nut is 0.25. (12) 14.in (b)(i) Explain the inversions of single slider crank chains. Or (b) Draw the profile of a cam to give following motion to a reciprocating follower with a flat face : (i) Follower to have a stroke of 20 mm during 120° of cam rotation. Angle of overlap is 140° and coefficient of friction between pulley and rope is 0. (4) (ii) In a small stearn engine running at 600 rad/min counter clockwise length of crank is 80 mm and ratio of connecting rod length to crank radius is 3. (8) Page 25 of 36 15. Mass of rope is 0. (8) Or (b) (i) Explain the following : (1) Crowning of pulleys (2) Self-locking of brakes (3) Uses of brakes in automobiles.SENTHIL ME www. Assume uniform wear and co-efficient of friction = 0. Assume minimum radius of cam as 25 mm.10. Determine the torque to raise a load of 25 kN rotating with the screw. Or (b) (i)State the properties of relative velocities of points on kinematic links.(4) (ii) A four bar linkage has following dimensions : Crank AO2 = 150 mm .V. (8) (ii) 100 kW is to be transmitted by a rope drive through a 160 cm diameter 45° grooved pulley running at 200 rpm. with neat sketches(10) (ii) Explain mechanical advantage and transmission angle related to four-bar mechanisms. Minimum radius of cam = 25 mm. External diameter of friction plate is 1. Axial pressure is not to exceed 0. Link BO4 = 300 mm. Link 0204 = 200 mm. Return of cam also takes place with uniform motion during remaining half of cam revolution. Determine dimension of friction plate and axial force exerted by the springs. Link 0204 is fixed. (ii) Follower to dwell for 30° of cam rotation.85 bar. (6) 13. (iv) Follower to dwell for remaining 90° of cam rotation. (a) (i) Pitch of 50 mm dia threaded screw of a screw jack is 12. (a) (i)Compare instantaneous center method and velocity polygon method for velocity analysis of mechanisms. For the position when crank makes 45° to horizontal determine acceleration of piston. Link AB = 450 mm.3. (ii) A 10 kW engine develops a maximum torque of 100 N-m and is driving a car having a single plate clutch of two active surfaces.

Fold the drawing sheet to the si ze of the answer sheet and attach it. 10. • Answers without substituting the data jn the equations will carry zero marks. 9.1 and the helix angle of the screw thread is 3. 7. Distinguish.V. between two meshing gear teeth profiles./B. • Give brief procedure for graphical constructions.in BE. A four-bar mechanism has coupler pin centres at A and B. 4. A force of 80 N is applied to the brake of a bicycle rear wheel and the distance covered by the bicycle before coming to rest is 12. 3. if necessary.SENTHIL ME www. • Symbols used in the solutions should be explained atleast once for each answer. DEGREE EXAMINATJON. How will you determine the total acceleration {)f a point on a link.chennaituitions. the coefficient of friction between screw and nut is 0. Page 26 of 36 1. with suitable free hand sketches. find the work done against the friction. 5. In a screw jack. a non-reverted gear train and a reverted gear train.5°. (b) A two pin plug inserted in a two pin socket. PART A — (10 x 2 = 20marks) Identify the possible motion(s) and name of the kinematic pairs of the following combinations : (a) Members of a scissor. Use both sides of the drawing sheet. one advantage and one disadvantage of flat faced follower over roller follower in a cam mechanism.6.Tech. • Answers without units and with wrong units will carry less marks. 2. Find the efficiency of the screw jack. If the co-efficient friction is 0. Sketches should be drawn neatly.5 meters. on the line of action. 6. when the normal component of acceleration and the tangential component of acceleration are known? State atleast . . Answer ALL questions. 8. Write the two vector equations involving the output velocity vector of B. • A3 size drawing sheet will be supplied on request. St ate t he differences bet ween a crank-rocker mechanism and a drag-link mechanism. MAY/JUNE 2006 Fourth Semester Mechanical Engineering ME 1252 — KINEMATICS OF MACHINERY (Regulation 2004) (Common to RE (Part-Time) Third Semester) Time : Three hours Maximum : 100 marks Instructions: • Answer ALL questions. What is undercutting and its effect on a camn-roller follower system? Prove or disprove that pure rolling is possible at one point only. and fixed pivot centres at Ao and Bo.

(a) Or Page 27 of 36 .chennaituitions. Fig. the following : (1) A spherical pair and a planar pair. (5) (ii) (iii) Link lengths of a four-bar mechanism are mentioned below : Fixed link = 72 mm Coupler = 50 mm Input link = 32 mm Output link = 60 mm Determine.(5) Prove. (6) (ii) The absolute linear acceleration of point B. Q 12. graphically.V. (a) In t he posit ion of t he four-bar mechanism shown in FigQ 12 (a). with neat sketches. (6) 12. that an elliptical trammel can be used to trace many elipses and one circle. determine using graphical met hod (i) The absolute linear velocity of coupler point C. if the left input link rotates clockwise and the right output link completes forward stroke from left extreme position to right extreme position. with suitable free hand sketches. (9) (iii)What is your inference from t he sense of angular velocit y of t he output link and its sense of angular acceleration? (1) For t he co nst ruct io n o f ve lo cit y po lygo n.SENTHIL ME www. use a velo cit y sca le o f 1 m m = 2 m m/ s e c a nd fo r a c ce ler at io n po l ygo n u s e a sc a le o f 1 mm = 15 mm/sec 2 . the rocker swing angle of the output and find whether this mechanism is a quick return mechanism or not . the angular velocities of the coupler link and the output link. (i) Distinguish. (2) Dead centre positions and toggle positions of a four-bar mechanism. the angular accelerations of the coupler link and the output link.in PART B — (fi x 16 = 80 marks) 11.

The angle between the tangent ial faces of the cam is 60° and the lift of the follower is 15 mm. then return to the lower conveyor line in the next 6 seconds with uniform acceleration and retardation. neatly. (2) (ii) Draw free hand sketches of displacement. and t he magnitude of linear velocity vector. (4) 13. and find the main dimensions of the cam. a cam with in-line roller follower is needed. (5) ( ii) Der ive e xpr ess io ns fo r t he r elat io ns hi p bet ween t he angu lar velocit ies of links in terms of known link lengths.bar linkage. (7) (iii) On rotat ing link wit h a speed of 15 rpm. and the total cam rotation angle for rise. u. and (6) (ii) The cam profile wit h roller follower indicat ing important nomenclatures and data. input link AB is 75 mm. with a neat sketch. Sketch the vectors. for a fo ur. to shift components from the lower conveyor to upper conveyor.in (b) (i) In a four-bar mechanism ABCD.chennaituitions. a slider is moving wit h a linear velocit y. analyt ically t he maximum transmission angle for this mechanism. β . velocity acceleration and jerk of simple harmonic full rise motion for a cam and write the equations for displacement and its derivatives at any angle.67 mm/sec 2 acts in South-east direction. (5) (iii) A tangent cam with a base circle diameter of 50 mm operates a in-line roller follower of 20 mm diameter.SENTHIL ME www. and det er mine t he sense of rot at io n o f t he rot at ing link. The linear velocit y vector is acting in north-east d ir ect io n a nd t he Co r io l is ac ce ler at io n vect o r o f ma g nit ud e 125. Draw (i) The displacement diagram with 360° cam rotation angle is represented by 180 mm length in X-axis. t he fixed link AD is 110 mm. coupler BC is 100 mm and t he follower CD is 90 mm. to remain in the topmost position for 3 seconds during which another mechanism pushes the component to the upper conveyor. S. The requirements are : Follower to move the component upward from the lo wer co nveyo r wit h simp le har mo nic mot io n t hrough 40 mm in 10 seconds. Sketch. in terms of the lift of the follower. (9) Page 28 of 36 . to remain in the same level for 5 seconds to receive the component and then to repeat the cycle. angular positions of links and angular ve lo cit y o f t he input link. Minimum radius of the cam profile is 45 mm and the radius of the roller is 10 mm.V. also. (a) In the assembly line of a factory. the cam and follower indicat ing the important parameters. Ident ify t he mechanism as crank-rocker (or) double crank (or) double rocker. θ. Determine. u. the pressure angle of a cam-knife edge follower system. (10) Or (b) (i) Define.

(5) (iii) Draw.25 and force is applied parallel to the inclined plane. 75.6703 kg/m length. The number of teeth on pinion is 24 and it rotates at 600 rpm. planet gear. sketch the 2. (5) (ii) In an epicyclic gear train.5 m and 1. and explain its principle of working. S. determine the number of teeth on each gear and sketch the arrangement. Find (i) The exact length of the belt required.(6) 15. (a) An open belt running over two pulleys of 1. (10) Page 29 of 36 . The friction surfaces are held together with a total axial thrust of 1500 N. determine the possibility of interference. Determine the velocity of sliding at the final point of contact.chennaituitions. (6) ii) The external and internal radii of a friction plate of a single clutch are 120 mm and 60 mm respectively. The initial tension in the belt is 3000 N. and (4) (ii) The power transmitted taking centrifugal tension into account. the members are fixed sun gear. The coefficient of friction between the belt and pulleys is 0.V. Find. (5) . for. Number of teeth on gear is 40. if the distance travelled by the body is 10 m along the plane.…. minimum and average pressure n the contact surface. uniform wear.80 m apart. (a) (i) State the advantages of worm gear drive over other gear drives. T h e a r m r o t a t e s a b o u t t h e s u n g e a r a x i s a t 50 rpm in clockwise rotation. addendum equals module. 20.rrangement and determine the speed of the planet gear and its direction of rotation. a bevel gear automotive differential. The smaller pulley is rotating at 600 rpm. (iii) Derive the expression to determine the length of path of contact of meshing gear teeth. Minimum speed ratio of a gear pair should not be less than 3 and the gear ratios should be integers. with 20 teeth and the arm. which carries t h e p l a n e t .in 14. find the force required. If the co-efficient of friction between the body and the plane is 0. with 50 teeth.SENTHIL ME www.5° pressure angle. 25. 70. find the maximum. (3) Or (b) ( i) A non-reverted compound gear train with spur gears has to be designed for a speed ratio of 300. P. the work done on the body.0 m diameters connects two parallel shafts 4.3. Design the gear train. If. (6) (iv) In a rack and pinion gear with 22. the number of teeth on the pinion is 14. The stock gears available have number of teeth fro m 15 to 75 in steps of five as 15. The mass of belt is 0. A. also. Addendum equals module for both pinion and gear. (2) (ii) Two 20° pressure angle gears have a module of 4 mm. (12) Or (b) (i) A body of weight 450 N is pulled up along an inclined plane wit h 30° inclination to the horizontal at a steady speed.

2. Fourth.SENTHIL ME www. 8.V. clockwise. Determine the number of degrees of freedom of the mechanism shown below : Maximum : 100 marks 3. State the necessary condition to achieve them.E/B. 9. (10) Page 30 of 36 . Semester Aeronautical Engineering AE 1253/AT 1252/PR 1252 — MECHANICS OF MACHINES (Common to Automobile Engineering and Production Engineering) (Regulation 2004) Time : Threehours Answer ALL questions. (6) (ii) The figure below shows a rock crushing mechanism. 6. 5. Determine the rotational velocity of the crushing ram.in B. in the shown configuration. Define limiting angle of friction and angle of repose.Tech. vibration problem as a discrete one? Define static balancing and dynamic balancing.chennaituitions. PART A — (10 x 2 = 20 marks) 1. State the difference between a planar mechanism and spatial mechanism. DEGREE EXAMINATION. 10. Why is the pulley face given a convex curvature and is never kept flat? List a comparison between involute and cycloidal tooth profile for the following characteristics. 7. centre distance and interference. pressure angle. 4. What is meant by whirling speed? Explain why only a part of the unbalanced force due to reciprocating masses is balanced by revolving mass. NOVEMBER/DECEMBER 2009. What Is meant by a reverted gear train and state atleast 2 applications of the same? What is the difference between a discrete and a continuous system? Is it possible to solve any. ease to manufacture. as the 60 mm cranks rotates at 120 rpm. PART B — (5 x 16 = 80 marks) 11 (a) (i) What is meant by kinematic inversion and state the applications of the various inversions of a four bar kinematic chain.

runs at 250 rpm. turns freely on the output shaft. the gear B is connected to the input shaft.15 MPa. The diameter of bigger pulley is 1. Due to slip. If the input speed is 1200 rpm anti clockwise. Determine the power transmitted by the clutch at speed of 2400 rpm for (i) uniform wear. when seen from the right. determine the speed of the output shaft under the following conditions (i) when the gear C is fixed. Assuming addendum to be equal to one module. shown below. m/s. which is the driver. find the angle turned through by pinion when one pair of teeth is in mesh and maximum velocity of sliding.in Or (b) In a slider crank mechanism the crank radius is 10 cm and the connecting rod 40 cm long. The crank rotates in anticlockwise direction at a constant speed of 600 rpm. Find the acceleration of the slider and angular acceleration of connecting rod at an instant when the crank is past the inner dead centre by 45 degrees.5 m. The bigger pulley. The maximum tension is not to exceed 1500 N.25. The mass of the belt is 1 kg/m length.SENTHIL ME www.V. the speed of the driven pulley is 725 rpm. and for (ii) uniform pressure Or (b) An open belt drive is used to connect two parallel shafts 4 m apart.5. The coefficient of friction is 0. The maximum intensity of pressure is not to exceed 0. Page 31 of 36 . 12. has inner and outer diameters of friction surface to be 260 mm and 350 mm respectively. 13. The module is 5 nun and the pitch line speed is 1.5 m and that of the smaller pulley is 0. The coefficient of Motion is 0. with both sides effective. The arm A carrying the compound wheels D and E. Or (b) In a gear train.3. and (ii) when gear C rotates at 10 rpm counter clockwise direction. power lost in friction and efficiency of the drive. Calculate the power transmitted.chennaituitions. (a) Two 20 degree involute gears in mesh have a gear ratio of 2 and 20 teeth on the pinion. (a) A single plate clutch.

The driving wheels are 1. (ii) the variation in tractive effort and (iii) the hammer blow. k = 100 N/m C = 3 N-sec/m Determine (i) the damping factor. 15. find their magnitude and angular positions.SENTHIL ME www.in 14.V. The shaft is 7. Or (b) A shaft carries four rotating masses as shown in the figure.5 cm diameter for the first 25 cm of its length. 12.5 cm diameter for the nest 10 cm and 8. (a) A twin cylinder uncoupled locomotive has its cylinders 60 cm apart and balanced masses are 60° apart. find (i) the swaying couple. Or (b) Two equal masses of weight 400 kg each and radius of gyration 40 cm axe keyed to the opposite ends of a shaft 60 cm long. When the engine runs at 60 KMPH. For each cylinder. Page 32 of 36 .chennaituitions. The distance between centre line of wheels is 1. All the revolving and 2/3rd of the reciprocating masses are balanced. (a) A vibrating system is denned by the following parameters : m = 2 kg.8 m. diameter.5 cm diameter for the remaining of its length. the planes being symmetrically placed about the centre line.5 m. Find the frequency of free torsional vibrations of the system and the position of node. If the balancing masses revolve at a radius of 100 Him. The balancing masses are to be placed in planes L and M. the revolving masses are' 300 kg at crank pin radius of 32 cm and reciprocating parts 285 kg. (ii) the natural frequency of damped vibration (iii) Logarithmic decrement (iv) the ratio of two consecutive amplitudes and (v) the number of cycles after which the original amplitude is reduced to 10 percent.

SENTHIL ME www. 3. (ii) With a neat sketch explain the inversion of double-slider crank mechanism which is used in elliptical trammel. Page 33 of 36 Maximum : 100 marks 5. Find the velocities of C. Also find the acceleration of the slider at C. CD = 18 cm. shown in figure 1 the crank AB rotates at 200 r.V. DE = 36cm and EF = 12 cm and FP = 36 cm. 8. 9. . 7. Explain the terms : (a) module (b) pressure angle. s = Stiffness of the spring to which the body of mass m is attached and m = Mass of vibrating body What do you understand by "Torsionally equivalent shaft'? PAKT B — (5 x 16 = 80 marks) 11. 4. (a) (i) Explain in details the double-slider crank mechanism.E/B. What do you mean by 'interference between two mating gears? What do you mean by static balancing and dynamic balancing? What are the necessary conditions to achieve them? Define and explain the term 'Balancing of Rotating Masses'.p. F and P. NOVEMBER/DECEMBER 2008.in B. when a solid body of weight W placed on the inclined plane. PART A — (10 x 2 = 20 marks) 1. Name all the inversions of double-slider crank mechanism. What are the important kinematic chains with four kinematic pair? What is the importance of finding accelerations of various points in a mechanism? Name the two different methods of finding acceleration in a mechanism. is about to slide down. 6. BC = 48 cm. Differentiate between: (a) Pivot and collar bearing (b) Theory of uniform pressure and theory of uniform wear. ω = 10. What is the effect of unbalancing of rotating parts in a high speed engine? Prove that the natural angular velocity (or circular frequency) of a body having free longitudinal vibration is given by Where ωn = Circular frequency or natural angular velocity. E. 2.Tech. Prove that the angle of friction is equal to the angle of the inclined plane. DEGREE EXAMINATION. The dimensions of the various links are: AB = 12cm.chennaituitions. Or (b) In the steam engine mechanism. Fourth Semester Aeronautical Engineering AE 1253/AT 1252/ PR 1252 — MECHANICS OF MACHINES (Common to Automobile Engineering and Production Engineering) (Regulation 2004) Time : Three hours Answer ALL questions.m. D.

Assuming uniform wear. (ii) the length of arc of contact.p. The friction clutch is used to rotate a machine from a shaft which is rotating at a constant speed of 240 r.m. The moment of inertia of the rotating parts of the machine is 5. The intensity of pressure is not to exceed 0. Or (b) An open belt connects two flat pulleys.25. (a) Two mating involute spur gears of 20° pressure angle have a gear ratio of 2.chennaituitions. The angle of lap on the smaller pulley is 160° and co-efficient of friction between belt and pulley is 0. determine the time required for the machine to attain the full speed when the clutch is suddenly applied. (ii) increasing the co-efficient of friction by 10% by the application of suitable dressing to the belt? 13. The number of teeth on the pinion is 20 and its speed is 250 r.SENTHIL ME www.V. The modular pitch of the teeth is 12 mm.8 x 105N/m2. Also determine the energy lost in slipping of the clutch. the smaller pulley being of 400 mm in diameter. Both sides of the friction clutch are effective and co-efficient of friction is equal to 0. (a) The external and internal radii of a friction clutch of disc type are 90 mm and 50 mm respectively.m. Assume pinion to be the driver Or Page 34 of 36 . find : (i) the addendum for pinion and gear wheel. (iii) the maximum velocity of sliding during approach and recess. If the addendum on each wheel is such that the path of approach and the path of recess on each side are half the maximum possible length each.5 kg m2.p.25. Which of the following alternatives would be more effective in increasing the power that could be transmitted: (i) increasing the initial tension by 10%.in 12.

The planes of rotation of the first.in (b) Figure 2 shows an epicyclic gear train. Determine relative angular position of the pulleys.chennaituitions. is 1. The arm rotates about the same shaft on which A is fixed and carries the compound wheel B. 60 kg and 50 kg respectively.m.p.m. C. The length of the cranks are 150 mm. Pinion C has 15 teeth and is integral with B (B. Page 35 of 36 . the middle pulley has mass 56 kg and its C. (b) A four-cylinder vertical engine is in complete primary balance. 200 mm and 200 mm respectively from the third crank and their reciprocating masses are 50 kg.G. If the motor runs at 1000 r. The wheel B has 20 teeth and gears with A and also with the annular fixed wheel D. second and fourth cranks are 400 mm.5 cm from the shaft axis. The two end pulleys have masses 48 kg and 20 kg and their centre of gravities are 1. G being a compound gear wheel). Find the torque exerted on the machine shaft if the motor develops a torque of 100 Nm . The shaft rotates at 300 r.p. in two bearings 180 cm apart with equal overhungs on either sides. The pulleys are so keyed to the shaft that the assembly is in static balance.V.. Find (i) the mass of the reciprocating parts for the third cylinder and (ii) the relative angular positions of the cranks. Gear C meshes with annular wheel E. (a) Figure 3 shows a long shaft carries three pulleys. which is keyed to the machine shaft.5cm and 1. two at its ends and the third at midpoint. 14.25 cm respectively from the axis of the shaft. Pinion A has 15 teeth and is rigidly fixed to the motor shaft.SENTHIL ME www. find the speed of the machine shaft.

The moment of inertia of flywheel. then find the natural frequencies of the longitudinal and transverse vibrations. pinion and pump are 400 kg m2. 2 kg m2 and 10 kg m2 respectively. of the shaft is 1350 mm whereas the length L2 is 900 mm. The shaft from the flywheel of the engine to the gear wheel has a 45 mm diameter and is 1 m long. The both ends of the shaft are fixed. Page 36 of 36 .chennaituitions.V. If the modulus of rigidity of shaft material is 80 GN/m2. The length La. The shaft from the pinion to the pump has a 30mm diameter and is 810mm long.in 15.C. Neglect the weight of the shaft. gear wheel. find the natural frequency of torsional vibrations of the systems.SENTHIL ME www. 8 kg m2. Pump speed is four times the engine speed. (a) Figure 4 show a flywheel of mass 750 kg mounted on a vertical shaft of diameter 50 mm. Or (b) A reciprocating l. If E = 200 GN/m2. engine is coupled to a centrifugal pump through a pair of gears.

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