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Krishna Kanta Handiqui State Open University

MA (Education ) Programme
Paper

lV

Methods and Techniques of Teaching and Teaching Practical (Guidelines for Teaching practical)
Marks
:

Theoretical Examination Lesson Plans

-- 50

-- 10 X 2 = 20

Presentation of the final unit

10

Viva-vice --- 20

Practice Teaching

' ' ' ' '

Subject to be covered for lesson plan: Mathematics, English, MlL, Social Studies and General Sciences To choose any two subjects out of the above five and then prepare 5 units of lesson plan from each subject (Model unit enclosed). The units so prepared and should be bound subject wise and submitted to the University for Evaluation. At least 1Odays should be taken for practice in a school nearby the study centre Out of all the units, one unit should be finally selected by the learner and presented before the supervisor The supervisor will assess the performance of the learners on the basis of the units prescribed in the paper

The supervisor should be at teast an Associafe Professo r of the study centre, near by study centre or from any recognized institution

MODEL UNIT

A.

Identification Data:

I Unit: I No. of Students I Lesson: Characteristic ' Duration : 40 Minutes I Features ofliving and Date : I Non-Living Beings and
Things Text Book : Z Name ofthe Teacher : K

Class:

School:X

Subject:Science

B. 1. 2. 3. 4. C. 1. 2.

General Objectives:
To develop a scientific attitude in the learners; To develop the knowledge about different beings things that constitute the earth; To develop the capacity of observation of the learners;

To develop the sense of inquiry of the learners.

Teaching Aids:

A chart showing different animals and plants; usual teaching aids like blackboard, chalk, duster, and pointer etc.

D. fnftoduction:

Step

Assumed Prarious

I(nowledge

Teachers Activrties
%

tupil's Acrivities

lr
The leamas haue the
knowledge

I dassroom with a cheaful sr,,tle I ard greet all the leamers. I Hdshe rr'ilI arrange the I dassroom in a proper manirer I ard will proceed to ask the

I The temher will mter into tle The leaners will wish
dre teacher.

The learners 4 Man, Cora',

are

a<pected to ans'wer as:


Car,

t:
l"
T
I

Trees, Housq Cycles, * | Name some ofthe bdngs and Tableq Chairs, pen regarding what living ttrurgs *ra you hare seen today etc. I

|
I

frllowhg

Questions:

basic

and non-living bdngs I while coming to school.


aad things are.

* Do you know which ofthem + Mur, Cow and tees ae Living things. Car, re living and nonliving as Housq Cyclq T*leq wdl? Chairs, Pen etc. are
learners

o
N

The teacher will prdse

NonJiving things.
the

for their

cofiect
leamers

answers md

fiving.

the beiugs ard things of this textbooks and world as divided into two flote books and will bo( goups, i.e. Livrng and Non_ | write down the
I

will alplain that all

will

open

important contents. rtant

Then hdshe

*rill rrnouo., th,


Non-livurgi' on

I I I I I

day's lesson and write down the topic "Chaactaistic Featr:res

theblackboard

of Living urd

E.

Presentation:

R E

Growtb

s
E

hings
thinCs

of all

prinrnry feature
Ltuing
and

Thc te*cher wiii ux Ttre pupils Ulde$bnd the gmttlr pupils to know rbst lsclu$ cun mk+ nntp qf thc pmcesxs of both plantr and all living heings and demnssstiofi rnethod expl*aaticnr. anirnds. thing* grow in sir* trr exBlnin tlre ksso,n. Rcslim that nontiving tbe and *eighr lte/$he will explain th* thiuge do n* iavc a*ral

lhe

c} to enable the
puprlr

phenorwron ofgronth

n ffilim

in Living be!n$ &d

gro$lh"

drat thhg$

T A
T

noil.lilhg thins ds
not h*ve rcal

a chrn

rlirh tlnlelp of
sbowing animals,

gror{h.

diffeient

plants ard tlreir young mgs.

I o
N
* Respiration

Hcl$hs rhsn explain n{rysomenon"


livingr things sppqir io

lrilt

respirafion

S ta ermbls tfip Thc tssshsr--Gii *e fumdon of beingr and rck i$ liuirg


*
$1hy dro wc respire? and

pupil* to kcow abour ex$ak tho proec*s of exFrted prffq$$ and rcspiration in tiving an3$ef ssi

Undfistafit *le lbncioaing ol respiration in


livingtuing$

(P

Toprodux
en0fgy"

Rsalige

drtt runliving

hings

*ings.

I{d$hc

$ill

thiags da not reryire.

tlr*n

cxplain thar nonliving


thingr do noilespirc,

*
lF

fu&
ln iH
is
H

fimnwur

,*n

rWffid!ilX

tftSg* tr*rrfiFd t* dryw*m*mlmk ffia eoes*ffiruddds wFsrffi! rudnk*q6g'rylp tn, ffi*m ;drto A* il cs shWer tfu*dfu*hfin ffi frN$s *s * *turi*r pffi e *nffi.*p ry*rC ix ddxdfu ,tfrmr m'**mim
khfi{s Sfu:nn q*e ktuffis r*fr nryld a ftde Hffi

l*

ffi

*ne xiffir* rrls{t*e$ShH|e }*ffiEi$S$*tic*ffi


Sntu+6

et{S b

w t{ffdrcfiffi*Gqy *r*nryennn

rfu*ffi

hf

T & T
I

lErlq*rFea

| *hbrni*J*+ slF Thr F*dl; ffiqe * .h$lr.er {l3ll*! th sr*F* j{FSR d!**ru ft*fr*e*csa *r*{frs#*r6*{ {f*$ffi

" Eqon$q rd b ir r*r*erfGE&*

*r*

nu

**H*
*msr

o
F$

Fwils

kF

twil*ffi

lrw ffi* &* rc;skr tH thlfo tffiry fuffidffikilee #m*k m$q*llGrn*: ffiGt;

{t* #ffi$d.

ry b r*TlHrsirtt$* "*llqhr*m
sr&H*e

s QdI! kfrftr4*Sp sf {t* !d*s *frSi #4s r.f *r@*dmi tf r*df,$

*w*gh.

*mffdsffill{

,Wf 1*rypgt&ffi SFryh r*,Cq ser


F.

ffirym*sd ' l*ffi .de ts'rn$*

Closure:
The

f,
:U R g

on vuious points such as:

lemer's wilII61E

(w) Reproduction etc., the tercher will give the frllowing .Homc assignmeat, and will ek the
leamers to note down the problem.

(D crowth (ii) Rcspiration (iii) Response ro stimuti

the of the home assigmat in their note books and


thank the teacher.

Q. What ue the diffrrent charcteristie of living


beings and things that

difftrenti*e thern?
the

Her'She leamers

will then rub the bla&board, thmk ad leave the class.

Name of the School


Class

Subject Lesson

Unit
No. ofPupil Duration Date
General Objectives

Name

of

TextBook
Name of the
Teacher

: :

1)

Relation to the subject)

2) 3)

TeachingAids

Usual Classroom

INTRODUCTION

Step

Assumed previous Knowledge

Teacher's Activities

Pupil's Activities

I
N
T R

I The teacher will enter the


I

I
I

classroom with a pleasing

I mood and

t.. arrangement of thethe I slttmg


Previous Knowledge

will supervise

o
D U
C

|.tu*
I

Thepupil willtryto
The teacher

will test the

answer as follows

previous knowledge of the pupils by putting few


questions and motivate them

o
N

for the lesson

Step Assumed previous

Teacher's Activities

Pupil'Activities

Knowledge

I
N T
R

Question:

Expected Answer

l.
2.
J.

l.
2. J.

o
D U
C

Announcement of the topic

After being satisfied the


teacher

will announce the

topic by saying that today


we are going to discuss

nhnnf

The pupil

will write

the

o
N
Name of the topic

name of the topic on their note

(Write the name of the topic on the Black Board


and ask the pupil to write

it on their note books)

)resentation:
Step Teaching

Specific Objectives

Teacher's

Pupils' Activities

Expected

Points

Activities

Leaming Outcome

Write very briefly the


main sections/

Relation to the

The teacher starts teaching

R
E
S

topic

l. Knowledge
2. Understanding 3.

the lesson
(Teaching method used

The students

points of the

will try to
give the expected answer as

Knowledge?
Understanding?

topic

Skill

N T

l.
2.

4. Attitude

to be mentioned) Questions..........

skill? Application?
Etc.

5. Interest
6. Application 7. Appreciation

A
T

J.
4. 5.

follows

l.
2.

l.
2.

o
N

3. (Use

of

3.

teaching aids etc.

Closure
Step C

Teacher'sActivities In order to evaluate the acquired knowledge ofthe pupils in terms ofspecific objective ofthe topic,

Pupils' Activities The students will write the


questions and the answer in

objective type, short questions ar" io be given in

writing in the class and the teacher will correct it

in the class as far as possible.

Expected Answer

l.
,,

J.

J.

Home work

/Assignment

Black Board

work

: :

Essay

t)?e or short answer tlpe questions to be given

Black Board work / surnmary done in co-operation with the pupils during the lesson.

LESSON PLAN Name of the School Class Number of pupils


Time

Subject : lll ll Lesson : Unit 40 minutes ll Nameof the text book :


:

Mathematics Fractions

GeneralMathematics

Date

Name of the

teacher
GENERAL OBJECTIVES
:

. o o

To develop in the pupils the

interestto mathematics. To develop the logicalthinking and systematicworking in


the students.
To develop in the students, the habit of working with speed

and accuracy.
6

TEACHING AIDS

. o o o o o
S

Book
Chalk Duster

Black-board Pointer
Chart and diagram

INTRODUCTION
Assumed Previous Knowledge Teacher's Activity Pupil's Activity

t
e

p
On entering into the classroom, the teacher The pupil will try to give
answer as following

will

arrange the

Testing

of

classroom properly and in order

ways Expected answers


:

previous

to motivate the students, the


teacher

knowledge

will ask some questions (i)Ans

(')
R

In this figure, how many

o
D

parts are there ?

(ii)

'/r4z

(ii)Ans

In this figure, how many U


shaded parts are there ?

(iii) How can represents shaded


C parts as out of whole parts
?

(iii)Ans: Theywilltry
and saying 'No'

After that, the teacher will T


announce the topic by saying The students

will write

"Today we are going to discuss

the name of the topic on

about 'Fractions'
Then, he will write the topic on

their note book

o
N

the black-board as

'FRACTIONS'

PRESENTMION
S

Teaching

Specific

Teacher's

Pupil's

Learning
Outcome

t
e

Points

Objective

Activity

Activity

p
P

Concept
To give the

To teach this topic


the teacher

will start

knowledge

with soure concrete


examples. Some

of
E

fraction

figures should be
drawn on the black-

to the
S

pupils

board and the concept


of fractions be clarified

with the help of these


figures : for example

w
The pupils

7yrl
Total

willwrite
down the important

parts:5

Total shaded parts = 3

Then 3/5 is

called

points on
their note
E

fraction i.e. taking 3

parts out

of5 parts.

book

Similarly, inthe

Numerator and

following figure

o
N

Denominator
l

-(hatf

2+

),

Suppose, u/b be

fraction, then a is called


numerator and b as E

denominatorfor"" r
is a fraction

I
5

What is the its


numerats and denomi-

Ans :numerator
is 3 and denomi-

nator

nator is 5

Teaching Points

Specific

Teacher's

Pupil's

Learning
Outcome

t
e

Objective

Activity

Activity

p
P

We have different

The students types of fractions like


R
Types

of

are able to

(a) Proper Fraction

fractions
E and

know about
various types of fractions pupils

(b) ImproperFraction (c) Mixed Fraction D

their
S

Fractions having numerator less than the


denominator are called E

examples

proper fractions.

R
Pupils will listen

eo N

1112 234s

and fraction having

attentively and

numerator is equal to or write down on

greater than denominator is called improper

their note book.

fraction.

A
17

Fo
T

5 8 ll 3.545

The combination of a

whole number and a

fraction is called mixed fraction.

o
N

t33 e.g. t -,2 475

,4

of

These numbers can be

written in the form


improper fraction.

e.g. I
AS

4
1

can be wrltten

415 (l + -)or (-+-)=4 444

Teaching

Specific

Teacher's

Pupil's

Leaming
Outcome

t
e

Points

Objective

Activity

Activity

p
P

When, we add two or more fractional

numbers, we get a new fractional number.

Addition,
Substraction

To enable them

to

'

e.c.(i) J- * 223
ZtJ

(i)2x3=6(LCM

WhatwillbeLCMof
E

Multiplication and

solve the
problems related

Division

of
N fractional
Numbers

to
fraction.

(ii) 1*1*1= 234

_3+4 _l_ 66

Similarly, we can

'

1in

6+a+3 _

13

12

l2
S

substract one fraction

LCM:12

from another fraction, e.g. _

5-4 _

-- 45
I
20

ll

Example

20

Again, we can multiply

two ormore fraction

ll lxl e.g. (1.) - x- = 252x5 =1


Exanple

l0

o
N

(ll)
Also,

lll -x-x-=f 235

lll (D _X_X_

235

lxlxl _ I
30

2x3x5
2
5

(t

I
4

24 5l
8 5

Simplify:

l- I +2

Ans :

1l3l
!+r=1+1

=e*2

=! 66 5 = l6

l0

CLOSIJRE

Step

Teacher'sActivities

Pupils' Activities

Clam

work

In order to evaluate the acquired knowledge of the pupils in terms of specific objectives ofthe topic short questions are to be given as class work

(i)
L

(ii)

How many types fraction ? What are them ?

of

Ans:3
Ans : Proper fraction,

Improper fraction and

Mixedfraction (iii) Simplifr:


Ans
:

lll -+ -+ 236

lll -+-+236 lt6 -+-x231 l2 -+ 2l


l+4 _ 5

22

After verifying the classwork, the teacher will recapitulate the lesson and gives homework as :Home

(i)

Select which type ofthe following fraction

work U

r 37 I 199 -,6,r -.11 -. -7 222 3 7


(ii) Simplify ofthe following:
(a)

The student will note down the questions for

homework.

o)
R

(c)

111 -+ -- 235 tll l--3-+2 52 1 37 -+6+-x4 72

The student also thank the teacher.

After giving home work, he cleans the blackboard and leaves the classroom, giving thanks to the students for their co-operation.

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