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PROCESS EQUIPMENT

DOUBLE-PIPE & MULTI-TUBE HEAT EXCHANGERS

Scope and applications
SIIRTEC NIGI Double-Pipe and MultiTube Heat Exchangers are used for heating, cooling, vaporising or regenerating a fluid by means of another fluid, where lower capacities and limited exchange surfaces are involved.

Advantages
Easy installation, easy access to inside tubes for cleaning and maintenance. Possibility of reuse for different duty conditions. Modular design easily stackable. By connecting hairpin elements in different ways, in series or parallel combinations, they can switched easily and economically to different duty requirements.

T1 t2

How they work
t'2 T2 t1

Symbols: T1 = inlet heating fluid temperature T2 = outlet heating fluid temperature t1 = inlet heated fluid temperature t2 = outlet heated fluid temperature achievable by true counterflow exchangers t'2 = outlet heated fluid temperatureattainable by standard "shelland tube" exchanger with several tube-side passes
E-202/e(rev.1)

Double-Pipe and Multi-Tube exchangers accomplish the "true counterflow condition", i.e. the two fluids flow in opposite directions. This true counterflow condition ensures the highest thermal efficiency and the minimum surface area. Furthermore it allows a very wide range of applications, making it possible to treat fluids having very close temperatures. Where duty conditions are subject to change periodically or are expected to change in the future, a set of SIIRTEC NIGI hairpin elements may be the most flexible solution to the problem, instead of a specially designed heat exchanger.

HEAT TRANSFER

í two shell pipes. í a complete set of connection rings and gaskets. one of them welded to the shell pipes.Types Hairpin Heat Exchangers generally include two types: A Double-Pipe Heat Exchanger The shell pipe includes only one tube. with a gland welded at each end. fins cut and twisted as above. finned or bare. SIIRTEC NIGI MULTI-TUBE Return Bend Head Cover . longitudinally finned or bare. complete with studs and nuts. complete with studs and nuts. í two exchanger supporting saddles. fins are cut and twisted at regular distances to increase heat transfer efficiency. welded to a common mating flange at one end and to a double couple of inlet/outlet flanges at the other end. one of them welded to the shell pipes. complete with a tube-sheet at each end. í two exchangers supporting saddles. welded to a common mating flange at one end and to a double couple of inlet/outlet flanges at the other end. í a complete set of connection rings and gaskets. longitudinally finned or bare. í two shell pipes. finned or bare. í a return bend head cover. Features A DOUBLE-PIPE consists basically of: í one single-tube hairpin. B Multi-Tube Heat Exchanger The shell pipe includes a bunch of pipes. A MULTI-TUBE consists basically of: í One U-tube bundle. í a return bend head cover.

060 0. on request. Typical sections of separated head closures are indicated here below. with separated head closures.286 2.279 0.080 0.813 1.152 0.190 + 1.040 0. thus ensuring an absolute separation of the two fluid flows.356 0.658 4. ISPESL. particularly when special fluids are involved.508 0.626 1.000 OD) 4 IPS (4.050 OD) 1 IPS (1.845 3.305 0.305 0.203 0.457 0. (Inch) 1/2 OD 3/4 OD 7/8 OD 1 OD 3/4 IPS (1.829 2.711 0. of fins 1/4” 0.219 = 1.203 0.877 4 8 *12 16 *20 24 28 32 36 40 48 56 64 *On request Diameters and surfaces refer to standard production.381 0.686 0.032 2.219 1.203 0. In order to prevent leaking and contamination between the two process fluids.914 1.254 0.319 0.102 0.206 m2/m Pipe Dia.406 0. STOOMWEZEN.305 0. This means optimising the unit efficiency by selecting the most appropriate combination between pipe and fin type. has a total surface of: 0.032 2. of Examples: * a 3/4" IPS Pipe. in order to find the most appropriate solution.219 1.610 0. Design SIIRTEC NIGI's concept for sizing Hairpin Heat Exchangers is to carry out a "tailor-made" calculation.064 1 1/2” 0.524 1.556 4.438 2.610 0. with No.422 1.610 0.438 2. dimensions and number of components. with No.372 1.914 1.051 0.303 m /m * a 2" IPS Pipe.508 0.229 0.438 0.762 0.422 1.016 1. in inch.016 1. TÜV. chromemoly.778 2. etc.500 OD) Outer Surface [m 2/m] 0. from carbon steel to stainless steel.914 1. 1/2” 3/4” 1” 0.610 0. Pipe No.251 1 1/4” 0. SNCC.048 3.229 0.359 fins 8 16 16 24 24 24 32 40 48 56 56 64 No.305 0. The following dimension tables give an idea of how many combinations may be selected.152 0.914 1.743 3.084 0.076 0.083 + 1.813 0.457 0.305 0. 24 1"-high Fins.500 OD) 3 1/2 IPS (4.813 3/8” 0. has a total surface of: 0. strictly according to customer's requirements.016 1.762 1.134 2. We can carry out any Double-Pipe or Multi-Tube application in accordance with any internationally recognised code (e.457 0. Fin Surface [m 2/m] .152 0.875 OD) 3 IPS (3.762 0.406 0.Separated Head Closures The pipe junction tightness may be major problem for these types of exchangers. 40 1/2"-high Fins.610 0.270 1.267 4.190 0.219 1. rather than adapt standard modules.829 2.067 1.g. our Double-Pipes and Multi-Tubes can be equipped.375 OD) 2 1/2 IPS (2.254 0. PED).219 Fin Height.711 0. We can provide any material required for any specific duty.320 OD) 1 1/2 IPS (1.016 = 1.829 2.219 1.626 0.508 0. aluminium brass. ASME.070 0. admiralty.524 1.105 0.406 0.048 3.540 3.102 0.152 0.900 OD) 2 IPS (2.610 0.134 2.067 1. ! Double Pipe separated head closures ! Multi Tube separated head closure: Double Tube Sheet type ! Multi Tube separated head closure: Unique Tube Sheet type Materials The materials to be used for the manufacturing of Double-Pipes and Multi-Tubes shall be defined in accordance with the characteristics of the fluids involved.524 1.533 0. cupro-nickel.

Specific heat. / Design by Studio Franci . . .Required design information Duty í Type of fluids (shell side & tube side). .Fouling factor. .ITALY .Inlet and outlet temperature. or: Bare tube straight length.Tel. í Code requirements.A.Molecular weight. .Milano .20148 Milano . Nomenclature The main data of each SIIRTEC NIGI Hairpin Element can be identified by a set of letters and numbers as indicated below. of tubes (for MT only). in inches Finned length.p.E-mail: sinimail@sini.Viscosity. í Air temperature. í Design pressure and temperature. Add F if they are finned. in inches.Pressure drop.p.1 Fax + 39-0239223010 . í Corresponding characteristics of each fluid: . + 39-0239223. in inches Tube outside Diameter.Flow rate.A. (Do not indicate anything for DP) Shell outside Diameter. .Latent heat.it Copyright 2007 SiiRTEC NIGI S. . in inches MT 3F 4 ¾ 192 SiiRTEC NIGI S. .Density.Thermal conductivity.Operating pressure. . DP = Double Pipe MT = Multi Tube No. . .2. Via Algardi .