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Submitted to: Mrs. Kavita dahiya (MBA faculty)
Submitted by: Manvi chhabra (MBA 1ST SEM)
Bhagwan mahaveer institute, Sonepat (Haryana) (Maharishi Dayanand University, Rohtak)
1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 2. 2.1 2.2 2.3 3. 3.1 3.2 3.3 4.
PARTICULARS OPERATING SYSTEM MS- DOS Internal Commands External Commands Batch Commands MS- OFFICE MS- Word MS- Excel MS- PowerPoint INTERNET Creating an E-mail ID Sending an E-mail Search mechanism TALLY
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MS-DOS stand works like a tra DOS operating INTERNAL COMMANDS Disk operating .
displaying a list of files in a diskette. The DIR command without parameter displays the list files in the currently loaded drive and subdirectory. ➢ Syntax: . i. The internal commands are used for common tasks.The internal commands are those commands that are automatically loaded in the memory of your PC when DOS is loaded.e D:\manvi> CHANGE DIRECTORY ➢ Purpose: CD command allows changing the path between directories on any disk. such as copying. ➢ Syntax: DIR drive:\ path file(S) / switches ➢ Example: D :\> dir COPY CON ➢ Purpose: This command allows to create a new file in the directory. ➢ Syntax: C:\> MD \ name of directory ➢ Example: C:\> md manvi ➢ Output: A directory with the name ‘manvi’ is created. changing the current date in your PC etc. It also displays the name of or changes the current directory. MADE DIRECTORY (MD command) ➢ Purpose: This command allows creating a new directory or a sub-directory. ➢ Syntax: CD Drive: \path ➢ Example: C:\> cd manvi ➢ Output: C:\ manvi> DIRECTORY ➢ Purpose: This command displays a list of files in a directory. renaming or erasing files. creating and changing directories.
➢ Syntax: TYPE drive :\path\filename ➢ Example: C: \manvi> type m1 ➢ Output: Myself is manvi. ➢ Syntax: CLS ➢ Example: C:\manvi>cls ➢ Output: All the text removed automatically. . TYPE ➢ Purpose: This command allows us to display the contents of specified file or files. COPY CON(file name) ➢ Example: C:\ manvi > copy con m1 ➢ Output: Myself is manvi. ➢ Syntax: Copy source-drive:\path\filename(s) ➢ Example: C:\manvi\copy m1 m3 ➢ Output: One file(1) copied. I am a student of MBA. File is copied. COPY ➢ Purpose: This command is used to copy files from one destination to another. I am a student of MBA. CLS ➢ Purpose: This command allows us to clear the screen and only the operating system prompt on the top left corner is displayed. DELETE ➢ Purpose: This command is used to delete one or more files.
➢ Syntax: DATE date ➢ Output: The current date is 10-19-09 Enter the new date <mm-dd-yy> TIME ➢ Purpose: This command allows to display or changes the system time. Thr directory to be removed should be empty. ➢ Syntax: DEL drive\path\file(s)/ switches ➢ Example: C:\manvi> del m3 ➢ Output: Delete m3 (y/n) Enter ‘y’ to delete all files. ➢ Syntax: TIME (displays the current system time) TIME hh:mm:ss a/p Where ‘a’ stands for a. If after the DATE command. CHECK DATE ➢ Purpose: If the DATE command is used without any parameters. Enter ‘n’ to cancel the command. ➢ Syntax: N drive:/path/ country file RENAME . DOS changes the date.m ➢ Example: C:\> time ➢ Output: The current time is 0:21:40:57 Enter the new time. DOS displays the current system date and prompts the user to enter another. the DATE is include. RD ➢ Purpose: The RD command is used to remove directories.m And ‘p’ stands for p.
Some of the external commands are as follows:- . EXTERNAL COMMANDS These commands exists as individual or separate program in the DOS diskette in order to access these commands where external commands must be located in the directory or sub-directory where these commands have been stored.➢ Purpose: This command is used to rename or change the file name. ➢ Syntax: REN drive :\path\ old file name drive:\path \new filename. ➢ Example: C: \ manvi> ren m1 m2 ➢ Output: The name of m1 is now changed with m2.
➢ Syntax: .copies system files to the formatted disk /V [: label] specifies the volume label DISKCOPY ➢ Purpose: This command copies the contents of one disk to another ➢ Syntax: Disk copy [drive 1] [drive 2] The two floppy disks must be of same type.directories on the specified drive.formatted.44) /T tracks: specifies the number of tracks per track /S. FORMAT ➢ Purpose: The process of reading a disk for use the first time is called FORMATTING. This command is used when a diskette is new and has not been pre. ➢ Syntax: Format [drive] ➢ Example: A:\ > format d SWITCHES /Q – Performs a quick format /C – test clusters that are currently marked “bad” /X – forces the volume the dismount first if necessary /F size – specifies the size of floppy disk to format (1. TREE ➢ Purpose: This command displays the directories and sub.
Tree [path] UNDELETE ➢ Purpose: Recovers files. text . It displays the syntax summary of the command name entered ➢ Syntax: Help or (/?) ➢ Example: (:\vol/? ➢ Output: volume in drive C has no label volume serial number is C40A-C546 MORE ➢ Purpose: The more command when use displays the output on screen at a time on a continuous scrolling. The MORE command is used to display the contents of the data file or to display the output of a program ➢ Syntax: MORE> drive:\path\ free(s) For eg: MORE< student. which has been deleted ➢ Syntax: Undelete [list] [/all] DELTREE ➢ Purpose. Delete the specified directory including its files and subdirectories ➢ Syntax: Del tree [drive] [label] HELP ➢ Purpose: This command runs the help program.
bat) and under this file number of commands is executed at once. ➢ Syntax: copy con yad. In batch commands a batch file is created (like windows.bat Date Time Volume Controls .BATCH COMMANDS Batch commands are one of the important parts of MS-DOS.
I sophisticated most widely .M icrosoft w windows.
location and format. blank file. SAVE AS: Saves a copy of document as: 1) Word document 2) Word template 3) Other formats PRINT: Send the document for printing. PREPARE: Prepares the document for distribution.CONTROL BOX MENU Control menu box includes following functions: NEW: OPEN: SAVE: Creates a new. Opens a file. HOME MENU . Saves the current file with its name. SEND: Send a copy of the document to other people.
.Home menu includes following functions: CUT: COPY: FONT: the Cut the selected part of existing document. PARAGRAPH: Arranging the text in bullet form. FIND: REPLACE: Find text in the document. STYLES: Provides different styles and change set of styles to the document. Helps to change the text bold and italic and also underline font face. Copy the selected part of existing document. Replace text in the document.
SHAPES: Insert readymade shapes. Insert clip art into the document including drawings etc.INSERT MENU INSERT MENU INCLUDES FOLLOWING OPTION: COVER PAGE: Insert a fully formatted cover page. Insert a picture from a file. Shortcut key is Ctrl+K. HYPERLINK: Create a link to the web page. BLANK PAGE: Insert a new blank page at the cursor position. CHART: Insert a chart for comparative analysis. SMART ART: Insert a smart art for attractive depiction of the things. for the explanation of specific project. . TABLE: PICTURE: CLIP ART: Insert a table into the document. PAGE BREAK: Start a new page at the current position.
Insert symbols that are not on your keyboard.BOOKMARK: Create a bookmark to assign a name to a specific point in document. WORD ART: Insert decorative text in your format. OBJECT: EQUATION: SYMBOLS: Insert an embedded object. Insert preformatted textboxes. HEADER: FOOTER: TEXTBOX: Edit the header of the document. . DATE & TIME:Insert current date and time into the current document. Edit the footer of the document. DROP CAP: Create a large capital letter at the beginning of the paragraph. Insert a common mathematical equation.
SIZE: Apply a specific paper size to all the section of the document or to the current section. COLUMNS: BREAKS: Split text into two or more columns.PAGE LAYOUT MENU Page layout menu includes following options: THEMES: Change the overall design of the entire document including colours. Add page. MARGINS: Select the margin sizes for the entire document or the current section. font and effects. ORIENTATION: Switch the pages between portrait and landscape layouts. or column breaks to the . section.
document. . SPACING: ALIGN: Change the spacing between the paragraphs. WATER MARK: Insert ghosted text behind the content on the page. Align the edges of the multiple selected objects. PAGE BORDERS: Add or change the border around the page. PAGE COLOURS: Choose a colour for the background of the page.
Include the selected text in the index of the document. INSERT FOOTNOTE: INSERT CITATION: Add a footnote to the document. Cite a book. . or other periodical as a source for the piece of information in the document.REFERENCES MENU References menu includes following functions: TABLE OF CONTENTS: Add a table of contents to the document. INSERT CAPTION: MARK ENTRY: Add a caption to a picture or other image. journal article.
START MAIL MERGE: It helps to create a form letter which you intend to print or e-mail multiple times. Create and print labels.MAILINGS MENU Mailings menu includes following functions: ENVELOPES: LABELS: Create and print envelopes. SELECT RECIPIENTS: Choose the list of people you intend to send the letter to. .
. NEW COMMENT: Add a comment about the selection. TRACK CHANGES: Track all the changes made to the document. TRANSLATE: Translate a selected text into a different language. RESEARCH: Open the research task pane to search through reference materials such as dictionaries. THESAURUS: Suggests other word with a similar meaning to the word you have selected.REVIEW MENU Review menu includes following functions: SPELLING & GRAMMAR: Check the spelling and grammar of text in the document.
REJECT: click the arrow to access other options such as rejecting all changes in the document. COMPARE: Compare or combine multiple versions of a document. Click here to access other options such as accepting all changes in the document.BALLONS: ACCEPT: Choose how to show a revisions to the document. PROTECT DOCUMENT: Restrict how people can access the document. VIEW MENU .
SPLIT: Split the current windows into two parts so that you can . View the document as a draft to quickly edit the text. View the document as an outline.View menu includes following functions: PRINT LAYOUT: View the document as it will appear on the printed page. NEW WINDOW: Open a new window containing a view of current document. ZOOM: Open the zoom dialog box to specify the zoom level. View the document as it would look as a web page. FULL SCREEN READING: WEB LAYOUT: OUTLINE: DRAFT: View the document in the full screen reading view. ARRANGE ALL: Tile all open program windows side by side on the screen.
Click here to record a macro or to access other macro . Switch to a different currently open window. SWITCH WINDOWS: MACROS: options.view different sections of the document at the same time.
NAME FATHER’S N .
the file is called as a workbook and it contains multiple worksheets. A worksheet is divided into series of rows and columns to store the information. pictures. In Excel.Microsoft Excel is a GUI based spreadsheet package developed by Microsoft corporation USA. CONTROL BOX MENU MENU BAR FORMATTING TOOLBAR TITLE BAR NAME BOX ACTIVE CELL SHEET TAB STATUS BAR HORIZONTAL SCROLLBAR VERTICAL SCROLLBAR SORTING . graphs and drawing objects. A file of excel is saved within the extension .XLS. It is a powerful spreadsheet package that supports data of various formats.
ADDITION AND CHART .AVERAGE.
Each presentation can include one slide or several slides. It is a very commonly used program. It can make presentations easier to understand and more interesting. This capability and the editing features found within PowerPoint. CONTROL MENU BOX TITLE BAR FORMATTING BAR MENU BAR WORKSPACE STATUS BAR VERTICAL SCROLL BAR . For instance. but which can serve as prompts for presenter. while spreadsheets and databases can be imported from Excel and Access. text and charts can be imported from word.MICROSOFT POWERPOINT Microsoft PowerPoint is a software designed to integrate graphics and text into striking. high-impact presentations. The slides can also include notes which are not displayed on the projection screen. make it possible to integrate data from a number of sources into a cohesive and concise presentation.
OPEN: Opens a file. blank file.CONTROL MENU BOX Control menu box includes following functions: NEW: Creates a new. .
HOME MENU Home menu includes following functions: CUT: COPY: Cut the selected part of the existing document. PREPARE: Prepares the document for distribution. location and format. Copy the selected part of the existing document. SEND: Sends a copy of the document to other people. . Other Formats: Open the save as dialogue box to select from all possible file types. Power Point Show: Save as a presentation that always open in Slide Show view.SAVE: Saves the active file with its current file name. SAVE AS: Saves a copy of the document as: Power Point Presentation: Save the presentation in the default file format.
. italic and underline and also the font face. PARAGRAPH: Start a bulleted pr numbered list into the slide and can give alignment to the text. INSERT MENU Insert menu includes following functions: TABLES: Insert or draw a table into the document.SLIDES: Add and deleting slides to the presentation and change the layout of the selected slide. Find and replace the text in the document. DRAWING: EDITING: Helps to draw different shapes and arrange the objects. FONT: Helps to change the text bold.
PICTURE: CLIP ART: Insert a picture from a file. sounds etc. DESIGN MENU Design menu includes following functions: . Insert preformatted textboxes. triangle. Edit the header of the document. SHAPES: Insert ready-made shapes like rectangle. square etc. CHART: HEADER: FOOTER: TEXTBOX: WORD ART: Insert a chart for comparative analysis. Insert decorative text in your format. movies. Insert clip art into the document including including drawings. Edit the footer of the document. DATE & TIME: Insert current date and time into the current document. OBJECT: Insert an embedded object. SMART ART: Insert a smart art for attractive depiction of the things.
Choose the background style for the selected theme.PAGE SETUP: THEMES: Show the page setup dialog box. BACKGROUND STYLES: HIDE BACKGROUND GRAPHICS: Don’t show the background graphic included in the theme you have selected. Make the document more attractive with the help of different colour and styles. ANIMATIONS MENU .
SLIDE SHOW MENU .Animations menu includes the following functions: PREVIEW: Preview the animations and slide transitions you have created for this slide. AUTOMATICALLY AFTER: Move to the next slide after certain number of seconds. ON MOUSE CLICK: Wait until the mouse click to move to the next slide. TRANSITION SPEED: previous Choose how fast to animate the transition between and the current slide. TRANSITION SOUND: Select a sound to play during the transition between the previous slide and the current slide. ANIMATIONS: To animate the objects on the slide.
RESOLUTION: Choose the screen resolution to use for the fullscreen slide presentation. . Hide the current slide from the presentation. REHEARSE TIMINGS: Launches a full screen slide show in which you can rehearse your presentation. current slide or customized slide. SET UP SLIDE SHOW: Set up advanced options for the slide show. HIDE SLIDE: RECORD NARRATION: Record a narration track using the microphone attached to your computer.Slide show menu includes following functions: START SLIDE SHOW: Start the slide show from first slide.
THESAURUS: Suggests other word with a similar meaning to the word you have selected.REVIEW MENU Review menu includes the following functions: SPELLING: RESEARCH: Check the spelling of the text. PROTECT PRESENTATION: Restrict how people can access the document. Open the research task pane to search through reference materials such as dictionaries. SHOW MARKUP: Show comments and other annotations. TRANSLATE: Translate the selected text into the different language. .
. SLIDE SHOW: Start the slide show. HANDOUT MASTER VIEW: Open the handout master view to change the design and layout of printed handouts. SLIDE SORTER: View the presentation in slide sorter view to easily arrange the slides.VIEW MENU View menu includes the following functions: NORMAL: View the presentation in normal view. SLIDE MASTER: Open the slide master to change the design and layout of the master slides. NOTES PAGE: View the notes page to edit the speaker notes as they’ll look when you print them out.
CASCADE: that Cascade the open document windows on the screen so they overlap. NEW WINDOW: Open a new window containing the view of the current document. create. . or delete a macro. SWITCH WINDOWS: MACROS: Switch to a differently current open window. MOVE SPLIT: Move the splitters which separate the different sections of a window.RULER: GRIDLINES: object. COLOUR: Used to measure and line up objects in the document. from which you can run. Turn on gridlines to which you can align documents in the View the presentation in full colour. ARRANGE ALL: Tile all open program windows side-by-side on the screen. View the list of macros.
select new slide option. . A new slide will appear as shown below.INSERT A NEW SLIDE Open MS-PowerPoint Now in the home menu.
Select layout options. click on the home menu. . numerous layouts will appear as shown below. Then select the desired layout for the slide.SLIDE LAYOUTS To choose a slide layout.
After that prepare different slides related to the subject matter.PREPARING PRESENTATIONS STEPS In the first slide write the name of the topic on which you want to give the presentation. Then give the introduction of the topics. . as shown below.
the intranet and the extranet. Technically. Today. cooperative.a network of network in which users at any one computer can. The original aim was to create a network that would allow users of a research computer at one university to be able to “talk to” research computers at other universities. the Internet uses a portion of the total resources of the currently existing public telecommunication networks. and self-sustaining facility accessible to hundreds of millions of people worldwide. . Physically. It was conceived by the advance research projects agency (ARPA) of the US government in 1969 and was first known as ARPANET. what distinguishes the Internet is its use of a set of protocols called TCP/IP (for Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol).Internet is a worldwide system of computer networks. if they have permission. get information from any other computer. Two recent adaptations of Internet technology. also make use of the TCP/IP protocol. the Internet is a public.
HOW TO CREATE AN EMAIL-ID? STEP-1
First of all go to any search engine like www.gmail.com. A screen appears as shown below. Click on create an account.
After clicking on create an account, a form will appear as shown below. Fill up the form with desired information. Give the email-id and password. Then click on submit button. Now, an email-id is created. You can use your email-id from anywhere for exchange of information in the forms of letters and graphics.
HOW TO COMPOSE A MAIL? STEPS
To send or compose the mail, first of all user has to login his/her mail account with the required and accurate email-id and password. After login, click on compose mail button. Now type the required email-id of the person to whom you have to send the mail. Give an appropriate subject to your matter. If the sender has to attach any files, it can be attached by clicking attach a file option. Now, click on the send button. The mail will be sent to the receiver.
Click on the Google search.com Type the name of the topic on which you require information.google. .HOW TO SEARCH INFORMATION ON INTERNET? STEP-1 Go to any search engine like www. as shown in the screen below.
Select the most appropriate option related to the topic. as shown below.STEP-2 In few seconds after clicking on the Google search various data regarding the topic will appear. .
STEP-3 After selection among the available options. the information will be appearing. TALLY . as shown in the screen below.
Means it is predetermined software used for accounting. With the help of tally we are able to prepare our books of accounts & can keep a record of our financial transactions in a systematic manner. .Tally is a versatile accounting package & is also based on a window interface.
FUNCTIONS It contains the following functions: .
We can have direct access to balance sheet. It makes the preparation of accounts easy. Tally is used to prepare books of accounts in a systematic manner. A company can be a sole proprietary. The application directory houses the Tally software. . Backup is meant to take back up of stored data. joint stock or any other company. the data dictionary stores all data entered by user through tally & the configuration directory contains the initialization file. Quit is used to exit from tally. Restore is used to extract information from the back up device to the data directory. How to create a company? A company is basically a file where transactions relating to a particular company are entered. partnership. Tally vault password is provided as a protection feature.
select create company or Ctrl+C. . a form will appear. fill that form according to the instructions. If you want to open existing company. then click on select company.To create a new company. Your company will be created. When a new company is created.
Groups in Tally. It includes following steps First go to accounting information Then go to ledgers Then create ledgers .How to create a ledger? All financial entries are performed using ledgers. classify the accounts under different heads so that summarized information is possible. Tally gives us a great flexibility to set up a chart of accounts.
HOW TO MAKE A JOURNAL ENTRY? .
Journal key (F7): It is an adjustment amount between two or more ledger accounts. Payment key (F5): This record all the entries relate to payment through cash. without effecting cash or bank accounts. Sales key (F8): This voucher records all the entries related to sales.Contra key (f4): This voucher is used for fund transfer between bank and cash accounts only like cash deposited and withdraw from bank. Receipt key (F6): This voucher records all the entries of receipt. bank. .
It shows assets on right hand side and liabilities on left side. BALANCE SHEET This statement shows financial position of the company.Purchase key (F9): This voucher records all the entries related to purchase. .
EXIT FROM TALLY .
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