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“Compilation of MSDS for the 708+ Hazardous, Toxic and/or Flammable Chemicals”

Central Pollution Control Board (Ministry of Environment & Forests, Govt of India) Parivesh Bhawan, East Arjun Nagar, Delhi-110032



TABLE OF CONTENTS Foreword 3 4 1.0 Annexure 1 2 3 4 5 List of Chemicals in the database (735 no) MSDS 2007© MSDS report format Help file -.1 3.0 2.3 3.3 5.2 3.2 4.0 3.4 4.0 3.Detailed information and instructions for running the CD List of books and monographs referred Sample MSDS Reports of 5 chemicals 19 38 42 53 55 Objective of the project Background Literature review Books & Monographs On-line open literature & Internet Electronic books at NCL Other database at NCL Development of database for MSDS Digitization of data Organization of the database: Software development The final document: CPCB MSDS 2007 CD 18 8 4 5 2 .0 4.1 4.


Regardless of the format. it is estimated that more than 10 million chemicals are used commercially. 1989. Industrial chemicals comprise almost two thirds of these chemicals. commonly abbreviated MSDS. reactivity data. under the Environment (Protection) Act of 1986. contains a list of 684 hazardous & toxic chemicals under Schedule 1 (Part II) and other lists of 30 chemicals under Schedule 2 and Schedule 3 (Part –I). and personal protection recommendations. These have been classified according to their physico-chemical properties. Storage and Import of Hazardous Chemicals Rules.0 Objective of the project: The objective of the project to was prepare a database and a compact disc of the Material safety Data Sheets (MSDS) for the 708 hazardous. Material Safety Data Sheets come in many forms and present the information in different ways. The CPCB has compiled a list of 708 chemicals that are common to these schedules and rules. 4 . 2. fire and explosion data. In order to act in a reasonable safe manner and handle all the chemicals with due respect it is essential to first obtain a comprehensive information on the hazards originating from them. Although the minimum relevant information on common hazards may be available from the product catalogue and labels of the containers etc. amended in the year 2000.) These have also been classified according to their use pattern or application (for example pharmaceuticals..). hazardous ingredients present. 1991 has a list of 179 chemicals. with an objective for proper management of Chemical have notified Rules called the Manufacture.1. The Ministry of Environment & Forests. The Occupational Safety Health Administration (OSHA) requires that all individuals using or otherwise coming into contact with chemical materials have access to the Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) for those materials. physical characteristics. pesticides etc.0 Background In India. handling recommendations and procedures. more detailed but essential information is often found on the Material Safety Data Sheets. The Public Liability & Insurance (PLI) Rules. There is a wide range of hazards posed by chemicals. reactivity and toxicity and the type of hazards these exhibit (flammability. toxic and or flammable chemicals (as per the list provided by CPCB) in the appropriate format. The MSDS provides pertinent information as to the chemical identity of the product. toxicity etc.

Accordingly. monographs. 1989. Phase-II & to collect the information and data for various items listed in the MSDS format. The books and monographs that have been referred to are listed in Annexure. dedicated to safety. monographs. There are also sources that cater to information related to safety.4. amended in the year 2000. IN addition. Material safety data sheets Phase-I.0 Literature review A literature search has been carried out.1 Books & Monographs: The library at National Chemical Laboratory. 3. Some of the sources of information for collecting safety information and data are as under 1 National Institute for Occupational Safety & Health (NIOSH) International Chemical Safety Cards. handling. The data available at many of these sites is more relevant to the chemicals that are commonly used either in research or industry.cdc. and online information on Internet. The required information and data has been collected from the standard books. Storage and Import of Hazardous Chemicals Rules. there is a database compiled by ICMA (Indian Chemical Manufacturers Association) now known as ICC (Indian Chemical Council).html) 5 . Of these it also has a collection of at least 15 books and monographs. Pune has a vast collection of over 250 books. 3. which have a compilation of safety and environmental data. it was first essential to conduct the survey of the literature on safety aspects of these chemicals. literature information on all the aspects of the chemicals was carried out with the aid of books. internet sites and other CDROM data base for sourcing material safety data sheets. information on and other data base available on the internet and other and data as required for the compilation of MSDS of the desired chemicals. listed under Schedule 1 (part ii) has been collected. also has a specific format for providing the material safety data sheets (Annexure 2) In order to compile a database for the listed 708 chemicals. databases and E-books to collect the relevant information. The details are provided in the following section.Schedule 9 of the Manufacture. transportation and environment. (http://www.2 On-line open literature & Internet: The Internet also offers a vast open literature source for the collection of data. 3.

gov/) 3 Agency for Toxic Substances (http://www.cdc. CAS Registry Number.2 TOXNET.html) ChemIDplus is a free. technical reports and selected primary journal literature.nih. a cluster of databases on toxicology.nsf/firstaid/ regulatory requirements. 6 . The International Occupational Safety and Health Information Centre (International al labor Organization) has a searchable database for more than 5000 chemicals as “Chemical safety cards” at http://www. Hazardous Substances Data Bank (HSDB®) : HSDB is a toxicology data file on the National Library of Medicine's (NLM) Toxicology Data Network (TOXNET®).nih. (http://www. It is enhanced with information on human ht/ 7.nlm. HSDB is organized into individual chemical records. ChemIDplus also provides structure searching and direct links to many biomedical resources at NLM and on the Internet for chemicals of interest. a committee of experts in the major subject areas within the data bank's scope. and have been referred to at : Synonym. hazardous chemicals.epa. HSDB is peer-reviewed by the Scientific Review Panel (SRP).nsf/Profiles/ http://yosemite. ChemIDplus (http://sis. and related including the TOXNET® system.html) 4 Cornell Material safety (http://msds. environmental fate. emergency handling procedures. and contains over 5000 such records industrial hygiene. health and toxic releases. It focuses on the toxicology of potentially hazardous chemicals. The database contains over 380. government documents.000 chemical records.asp) and Disease registry Data sheets 5.000 include chemical structures. All data are referenced and derived from a core set of books. web-based search system that provides access to structure and nomenclature authority files used for the identification of chemical substances cited in National Library of Medicine (NLM) databases. of which over 269. US Environmental Protection Agency (Chemical Emergency Preparedness and Prevention) has listed the Chemical Profiles and First Aid treatments of 364 extremely hazardous Chemicals. and is searchable by Name.

stability. These include: 1. The Dictionary of Substances and Their Effects (DOSE. UN number. NIOSH pocket guide to Chemical Hazards and other databases (October 2003) 3. EPA.Full data information on over 20. namely 1 The Dictionary of Substances and Their Effects (DOSE. Beilstein. Structure.000 chemicals on one CD-ROM Over 90 available data fields per chemical including: name and synonyms formula chemical structure 10 reference numbers (including CAS. static electricity. Classification Code. incompatibilities. Electronic books: NCL also had access to Electronic versions of two books. spill.. The Hazardous Chemical Database (from the University of Akron and marketed by Seaman International 2. 3. decomposition.4. first aid) An abridged version of the database is also available at http://ull. The highlights of the database are: .chemistry.uakron. emergency response guide ERG2000) health (exposure limits. exposure effects. protection. Merck.(International Edn. Copyright© 2002 by Noyes Publications & William Andrew Publishing / Knovel Corp 3. 2 Sittig's Handbook of Toxic and Hazardous Chemicals and Carcinogens (4th Edition). The MERCK Chemical database (ChemDAT).3. 2nd Electronic Edition) 2004. DOT number) description and uses 18 chemical and physical properties transport (IMO inc Packing Group. 2nd Electronic Edition) 2004 by The Royal Society of Chemistry/ Knovel Corp. USCG) hazards (storage. 2002) 7 . handling. EINECS. and/or Biological/Chemical properties. TCSA. RCRA. RTECS. Other database at NCL: Some of the other important sources of information have been a collection of database already available at NCL. Locator Code.Molecular Formula.

carbonates. It does not relate to any of the lists provided either under schedule1 (part ii) or the PLI rules. the information available in the conventional form like books. 377 & 599. etc of the chemicals mentioned in the lists. xxxx metal. it is observed that the list does not have entries at S. Thus. xxxx and compounds. esters. Organization of the database: Arrangement of chemicals in the database: The list of chemicals provided by CPCB for 708 chemicals purports to be a list that has chemicals taken from the schedule 1 part (ii). Chemicals listed in Schedule 1 (part ii) of the Manufacture Storage and Import of Hazardous Chemicals Rules. While that obtained from the Internet or other sources is in digital form (HTML. oxides. it was therefore decided that the arrangement of chemicals in the database would follow the following order: 1. esters. 210. all those data that were available as a hard copy and required to be input into the final version were digitized. For example. Development of database for MSDS 4. It is also observed that the list of 708 chemicals is unique. WORD etc) Since the objective of the project is to compile the safety information for chemicals in a digital form. sulphides as powder. texts etc is available as a hard copy. PDF. carbonate. monographs. (scanned using a HP scan jet 7400c model) and saved as a PDF file. In order to derive the maximum benefit out of the database and also and have relevance and link to the schedule lists etc. schedule 2. 4. However. The final list of chemicals covered under the database is given in Annexure 1. Nos. In addition many a chemicals that have been listed have generic names (xxx and salts. Salts. the first priority was to convert all the available data into digital form. oxides. 8 . amides.2 i. 355. xxxx salts. Chemicals from the PLI rules that are not covered under the Schedule 1 (part ii) 3.4. 376.0. RTF. and PLI rules. amides. 1989 2.1 Digitization of data It is observed that the information on various aspects of chemicals that has been collected from so many different sources is not in a uniform format.

(a professional and paid service in Australia) Emergency response center. neither could succeed in getting the information.ii. the data for the classification of chemicals was converted to the CREFT system. Attempts were made to get as much information as possible from many other sources like: OSHA. USA Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety CHEMWATCH. O. esters 6. For example. and pointed out to CPCB during the initial period of the project. Fluorobutyric acid amide salt esters 7. USA EPA. OO diethyl s ethyl suph methyl phos 9 . Normalization of data: It may be noted that for the purpose of uniformity and desirability.unitconversion. However. O. Ghost Chemicals: It was observed that a few chemicals from the schedule lists did not find mention in any of the safety database.O-Diethyl-S-isopropylthio methyl phosphorodithioate 9. the raw data as obtained from several sources was also normalized and then fed into the current database. The chemicals are: 1. Mumbai DGFASLI (Ministry of Labour).O-Diethyl-S-propythio methyl phosphorodithioate 10. as indicated by the Emergency Response Centre (ERC). Bhopal ICMA. Aluminium azide 2.Mumbai It may be noted that this limitation was observed. Fluorocrotonic acid amides salts esters for the purpose of maintaining standards. most of the data sources describe temperature function in oF. Fluoroacetic acid. CPCB suggested some sources and also tried through its own network. However.. iii.html Similarly. In a follow-up action. Fluoro 2-hydroxy butyric acid amid salt ester 5. USA NIOSH. Cobalt nitrilmethylidyne compound 3. these data were changed to oC by using an online link http://www. Bhopal. Dithiazanine iodide 4.

Software development Software design and coding The front-end development involves a number of features to connect to the database and also to retrieve the data in desired format and save it in a userfriendly manner. Tert-Butyl peroxy carbonate 15. So the GUI (Graphic User Interface) application tools from java were used. Many errors had to be fixed through while working with the program to make it more robust.3 I. It has a complete set of GUI components ranging from buttons and text fields to tables. A simple user friendly application was to be developed. the final version of MSDS 2007 lists these chemicals such that it may be added in as and when information becomes available. Msds.3-diol diacetate 14. Java also gives many options to connect to many of the databases and this makes it simpler. the Mac. Swing is a complex GUI framework. Swing also has a platform-independent L&F called "Metal. The features apply swings of java provided by the Java Foundation Class. Tert-Butyl peroxy maleate However. methyl ester 12. Considering the requirements of the project the program was prepared in Java platform. and styled text editors. The painting is delegated to a look and feel (L&F) plug-in that can imitate the native L&F.11. The java program prepared can be transferred to another OS with the help of the class files. The following snapshots give the GUI application prepared. 10 . 4. II. and Linux. Java runs on all relevant operating systems. is the java file. These components do not rely on the native widgets of the operating system. Each desired field was prepared in the GUI and accordingly allocated required space for easy scrolling through the data. Java becomes a better option because of its cross-platform support. including Windows. Swing components are painted using graphic primitives such as lines. trees. which includes all the ten screens for the program." A number of above-mentioned features helped in applying the ten point MSDS format. instead. The present version of MSDS 2007© has been prepared for the Windows operating system. Phosphorothioic acid . Java’s GUI toolkit Swing was applied in the program considering its added features.-2-chloro-1. and text. Develop front end screens for all fields (10) Selecting the java application and then applying the MSDS format as per the ten fields given above is a tedious work. Potassium nitride 13. Propen-1.