What is the job of the Circulatory System?

The Circulatory System is responsible for transporting materials throughout the entire body. It transports nutrients, water, and oxygen to your billions of body cells and carries away wastes such as carbon dioxide that body cells produce. It is an amazing highway that travels through your entire body connecting all your body cells. The Circulatory System is the main transportation and cooling system for the body. The Red Blood Cells act like billions of little UPS trucks carrying all sorts of packages that are needed by all the cells in the body. Instead of UPS, I'll call them RBC's. RBC's carry oxygen and nutrients to the cells. Every cell in the body requires oxygen to remain alive. Besides RBC's, there are also White Blood Cells moving in the circulatory system traffic. White Blood Cells are the paramedics, police and street cleaners of the circulatory system. Anytime we have a cold, a cut, or an infection the WBC's go to work. The highway system of the Circulatory System consists off a lot of one way streets. The superhighways of the circulatory system are the veins and arteries. Veins are used to carry blood *to* the heart. Arteries carry blood *away* from the heart. Most of the time, blood in the veins is blood where most of the oxygen and nutrients have already been delivered to the cells. This blood is called deoxygenated and is very *dark* red. Most of the time blood in the arteries is loaded with oxygen and nutrients and the color is very *bright* red. There is one artery that carries deoxygenated blood and there are some veins that carry oxygenated blood. To get to the bottom of this little mystery we need to talk about the Heart and Lungs. Parts of the Circulatory System The circulatory System is divided into three major parts: 1. The Heart 2. The Blood 3. The Blood Vessels The Heart The Heart is an amazing organ. The heart beats about 3 BILLION times during an average lifetime. It is a muscle about the size of your fist. The heart is located in the center of your chest slightly to the left. It's job is to pump your blood and keep the blood moving throughout your body. It is your job to keep your heart healthy and there are three main things you need to remember in order to keep your heart healthy. 1. Exercise on a regular basis. Get outside and play. Keep that body moving (walk, jog, run, bike, skate, jump, swim). 2. Eat Healthy. Remember the Food Pyramid and make sure your eating your food from the bottom to top. 3. Don't Smoke! Don't Smoke! Don't Smoke! Don't Smoke! Don't Smoke! This is a subject that is near and dear to my heart. The heart is a two sided, four chambered pump. It is made up mostly of muscle. Heart muscle is very special. Unlike all the other muscles in the body, the heart muscle cannot afford to get tired. Imagine what would happen if every 15 minutes or so the pump got tired and decided to take a little nap! Not a pretty sight. So, heart muscle is always expanding and contracting, usually at between 60 and 100 beats per minute.

Capillaries are so small. this is normal.* The left side of the heart is the high pressure side. James Brown says he's the hardest working man in show business). it's the hardest working muscle in the body (in case you don't know. if you are lying flat on your back. Blood enters the right heart through a chamber called the Right Atrium. to some people. As soon as the blood is in the aorta. The left ventricle is a very high pressure pump. Its main job is to produce enough pressure to push the blood out of the heart and into the body's circulation. what else. We have to keep our brains well nourished so we can make good grades in school. When blood in the capillaries goes past the air sacks. When the blood leaves the left ventricle it enters the Aorta. The *descending aorta* goes behind the heart and down the center of the body. that only *one* RBC at a time can get through! When the blood has picked up its oxygen. the RBC's pick up oxygen.The right side of the heart is the low pressure side. The blood leaves the right ventricle and enters the *pulmonary artery. Remember: Veins take blood to the heart. Sometimes. very small blood vessels that act as the connectors between veins and arteries. When the blood leaves the pulmonary arteries it enters *capillaries* in the lungs. it prevents blood from being pushed from the left ventricle back up to the left atrium. the head. Remember that this blood is deoxygenated. The arteries that take the blood to the head are located on something called the *aortic arch. There is nothing in the definition that says blood has to be oxygenated. The cardiac veins empty into the *left atrium. This valve has the same function as the tricuspid valve. a combination of gravity and an easy squeeze pushes the blood though the Tricuspid Valve into the right ventricle. There are valves located at the opening of the Aorta that prevent the blood from backing up into the ventricle. The capillaries in the lungs are very special because they are located against the *alveoli* or air sacks. After the blood is in the right ventricle. it enters some blood vessels known as the *cardiac veins. you can look down toward your feet and actually see your abdomen pulsate with each heart beat.' Since the right atrium is located *above* the Right Ventricle. the right ventricle begins its contraction to push the blood out toward the lungs. The tricuspid valve is a valve made up of three 'leaflets' that allows blood to go from top to bottom in the heart but closes to prevent the blood from backing up into the right atrium when the right ventricle squeezes. a Bishop's Mitered Hat. its job is to push the blood out to the body. cargo bays mostly empty now. Its main job is to push the RBC's.* After the blood passes through the aortic arch it is then distributed to the rest of the body. The mitral valve is named this because it resembles. Important: Arteries carry blood *away* from the heart. Do not be alarmed. The alveoli are like the loading docks where trucks pick up their load. up to the lungs (loading docks and filling stations) so that they can get recharged with oxygen. there are arteries called *coronary arteries* that take some of the blood and use it to nourish the heart muscle. Remember: the heart is like James Brown.* This is fully oxygenated blood and it is now in veins. Capillaries are very. This pulsation is really the aorta throbbing with each heart beat. The Aorta and the Arterial System The aorta leaves the heart and heads toward. . The left atrium sits on top of the *left ventricle* and is separated from it by the *mitral valve*. Atrium is another word for an 'entry room.* This artery and its two branches are the only arteries in the body to carry deoxygenated blood. in some places.

Blood Cells Red Blood Cells Red Blood Cells are responsible for carrying oxygen and carbon dioxide. An adult has about 5 quarts. After delivering the oxygen to the cells it gathers up the carbon dioxide(a waste gas produced as our cells are working) and transports carbon dioxide back to the lungs where it is removed from the body when we exhale(breath out). Veins do have a bluish appearance and this may be why people think venous blood is blue. There are about 5.From the aorta. Many people believe that the blood in the veins is *blue*. Your blood is not just a red liquid but rather is made up of liquids. . Sometimes our White Blood Cells need a little help and the Doctor will prescribe an antibiotic to help our White Blood Cells fight a large scale infection. Your blood travels through thousands of miles of blood vessels right within your own body. Venous blood is really dark red or maroon in color. The superior vena cava enters from the top and the inferior vena cava enters from the bottom. A young person has about a gallon of blood. water. Platelets Platelets are blood cells that help stop bleeding. White Blood Cells attack and destroy germs when they enter the body. The superior vena cava carries the blood from the upper part of the body to the heart. to venules (very small veins). guess what. y y y y y Your blood is pumped by your heart. fibers and other blood cells to help form a plug to seal the broken blood vessel. When you have an infection your body will produce more White Blood Cells to help fight an infection. As the platelets stick to the opening of the damaged vessel they attract more platelets. oxygen and waste products to and from your body cells. The Blood The blood is an amazing substance that is constantly flowing through our bodies. Both the superior and inferior vena cava end in the right atrium. The inferior vena cava carries the blood from the lower body to the heart. The blood flows from the capillaries. it is not. blood is sent off to many other arteries and arterioles (very small arteries) where it gives oxygen and nutrition to *every* cell in the body.000. to veins. solids and small amounts of oxygen and carbon dioxide.000 Red Blood Cells in ONE drop of blood. The two largest veins in the body are the *superior* and *inferior* vena cavas. capillaries. When the platelet plug is completely formed the wound stops bleeding. The blood gives up its cargo as it passes through the capillaries and enters the venous system. Your blood carries nutrients. The Venous System The venous system carries the blood back to the heart. In medical terms. *superior* means above and *inferior* means under. In order to plug up the holes where the blood is leaking from the platelets start to stick to the opening of the damaged blood vessels. We call our platelet plugs scabs. At the end of the arterioles are. When we cut ourselves we have broken a blood vessel and the blood leaks out. Red Blood Cells pick up oxygen in the lungs and transport it to all the body cells. White Blood Cells (Germinators) White Blood Cells help the body fight off germs.

Plasma Plasma is the liquid part of the blood.. "Bill Nye the Science Guy" claims that you could wrap your blood vessels around the equator TWICE! Keep your heart healthy. 10 Thousand White Blood Cells and 250 Thousand Platelets. Where are the blood cells made? The Red Blood Cells.it's going to have to beat about 3 BILLION times during your lifetime! . Plasma is made in the liver. 5 MILLION Red Blood Cells. AMAZING FACTS y y y One drop of blood contains a half a drop of plasma. Arteries 2. Approximately half of your blood is made of plasma. A A Arteries Away. Capillaries Capillaries are tiny blood vessels as thin or thinner than the hairs on your head. You have thousands of miles of blood vessels in your body. Veins Veins carry blood back toward your heart. Veins Arteries Arteries are blood vessels that carry oxygen rich blood AWAY from the heart. A A Arteries Away. The plasma carries the blood cells and other components throughout the body. The Blood Vessels In class we talked about three types of blood vessels: 1. Remember. oxygen and wastes pass in and out of your blood through the capillary walls. Capillaries 3.. Capillaries connect arteries to veins. Food substances(nutrients). A A Arteries Away. White Blood Cells and Platelets are made by the bone marrow. Bone marrow is a soft tissue inside of our bones that produces blood cells.