You are on page 1of 5

1. What is a DSL?

DSL or Digital Subscriber Line is a family of technologies that provides digital data transmission over telephone lines. DSL actually stands for digital subscriber loop. 2. Temp Files & cookies how to delete them? Open internet explorer click on tools & select internet options & now click on delete cookies, delete files & clear history this will erase all the temp files, cookies nd browsing history. 3. What is a modem? A Modem is a device that acts like a bridge between telephone lines & computer. It modulates an analog carrier signal generated by telephone lines to digital(binary) signals which the computer can understand. 4. What is a router? A router is a device in computer networking that forwards data packets to their destinations, based on their addresses. The work a router does it called routing. 5. What is internet? The Internet is a global system of interconnected computer networks that use the standard Internet Protocol Suite (TCP/IP) to serve billions of users worldwide. It is a network of networks that consists of millions of private, public, academic, business, and a electronic, wireless and optical networking technologies. The Internet carries a vast range of information resources and services, such as the interlinked hypertext documents of the World Wide Web (WWW) and the infrastructure to support electronic mail. 6. Different type of internet connections? A.DSL net – Internet availed through telephone lines E.g.: BSNL & airtel broadbands B. Cable Net - Cable Modem Broadband A connection through an ordinary coax cable through your digital cable provider is the easiest and most common way to connect to the Internet at high speeds. Most connections average about 400K/second download and 128K upload. Cable's largest advantage is its availability and ability to produce multiple upstreams (when sending). E.g.: Hathway, Sify C. Satellite (HST) This is the most expensive alternative for getting a high-speed connection to the Internet. If you live in a rural area or a spot where other options are not available (as I do), then this is probably your only hope for a high-speed connection. These come in two varieties, 1-way and 2-way. One-way satellites are like television receivers: they only accept signals E.g.: Tata photon, MTS connect, Reliance net connect etc., 7. What is an ISP? An ISP stands for an Internet service provider, the provider from which internet service is acquired. 8. What is IP address? IP Address is the An Internet Protocol address (IP address) is a numerical label assigned to each device (e.g., computer, printer) participating in a computer network that uses the Internet Protocol for communication. An IP address serves two principal functions: host or network interface identification and location addressing. 9. Different types of IP addresses? Two types of addresses: Static & Dynamic Static IP address remains same all the time whenever we connect to internet Dynamic IP address changes whenever the connection is rebooted.

text. graphics. Symmetric Broadband (SDSL) * Symmetric broadband (SDSL) is a technology similar to ADSL broadband. Satellite Broadband . Cable Broadband * There are several ways in which broadband can be delivered to your PC. this type of broadband is delivered through a cable. Types of broadband? DSL Broadband * Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) is a technology that delivers broadband over your phone line to be used in the home or office. Providers include Bulldog and Be. * This means that LLU providers can offer broadband features at a competitive price. * DSL allows you to download web pages. * You can only get cable broadband if a company has cabled your street. * SDSL broadband downloads information at the same speed as it uploads information. * This type of broadband requires an extra telephone line. large volumes of information are sent over a copper cable at rapid speeds. music and video in real time. is a high data rate connection to the internet— typically contrasted with dial-up access using a 56k modem. * With DSL technology. One provider offering this service is Be. * ADSL is particularly useful for homes and businesses as it can download web pages and files at fast speeds. ADSL Broadband * Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL) is a technology similar to the DSL technology. * LLU is only available in certain parts of UK. * SDSL broadband is particularly suitable for businesses that send large volumes of information. * Cable providers include ntl.10. often shortened to just "broadband". Whereas ADSL broadband downloads the information faster than it uploads it. 11. * Cable companies also offer television and telephone packages as well as broadband Internet services. information is downloaded more rapidly than it is uploaded. Local Loop Unbundling * Local Loop Unbundling (LLU) is where ADSL or SDSL broadband technologies are provided without using the British Telecom’s exchange system. Dial-up modems are limited to a bitrate of less than 56 kbit/s (kilobits per second) and require the dedicated use of a telephone line — whereas broadband technologies supply more than double this rate and generally without disrupting telephone use. * ADSL2 and ADSL2+ are new technologies offered by some providers offering speed up to 24Mbps. * Cable companies provide broadband. television or phone packages to about 45% of homes and businesses in the UK. * With ADSL. What is a Broadband/ how is a broadband different from a dialup? Broadband Internet access.

What are different types of browsers? Mozilla . TCP/ IP TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol) is the basic communication language or protocol of the Internet. What is a URL? URL stands for Uniform Resource Locator. When you are set up with direct access to the Internet.* There are several ways in which broadband can be delivered to your PC. * To receive satellite broadband you must have a dish antenna. Netscape navigator. and to send mail to other computers. Opera. Wireless Broadband * Wireless broadband is one of the ways in which broadband can be delivered to your PC. a proxy server is a server that acts as an intermediary between a workstation user and the Internet so that the enterprise can ensure security. * Satellite broadband generally has quite high latency (ping times) compared to other broadband. * The cost of installing and running satellite broadband can be quite expensive compared with other types of broadband. * There are 2 types of satellite services: * One-way satellite services download information via satellite and upload information via a telephone or IDSN line. your computer is provided . 15. * This type of broadband requires an antenna to be installed to get connection to the Internet. and caching service. Mutt. * Wireless broadband is particularly suitable for distributing information between buildings and for homes where access to ADSL or cable broadband is unavailable. Eudora. Types of email clients? 1. and Pine 13. Web-based: eg: Citadel 4. * Two-way satellite services download and upload information via satellite. Internet explorer. What is an email client? An email client is a program that allows you to read and send email. Graphical: eg: Lotus notes & apple mail 2. It can also be used as a communications protocol in a private network (either an intranet or an extranet). Historical: eg: Outlook express 14. * Satellite transmission may be affected by weather conditions.PC. 17. and so is unsuitable for certain types of Internet Access such as online gaming. Flock. What is a proxy server? In an enterprise that uses the Internet. and can be used almost everywhere in the UK. administrative control. This provides an even higher bandwidth and a faster speed. 16. A proxy server is associated with or part of a gateway server that separates the enterprise network from the outside network and a firewall server that protects the enterprise network from outside intrusion. Installing an email client on your computer gives you an easy way to download your mail from our server for reading. It is the address of the webpage on the world wide web. this type of broadband is delivered through a satellite. Some email clients include Outlook. Google chrome. Text-based: eg: Gnus 3. 12.

but is still volatile in the conventional sense that data is eventually lost when the memory is not powered. 23. It may also prevent and remove adware. at random). it does not need to be periodically refreshed. WAN & MAN LAN stands for Local Area Network (network inside an organization like offices and schools) WAN stands for Wide Area Network (AWAN spans a large physical distance.) MAN stands for Metropolitan network (a network spanning a physical area larger than a LAN but smaller than a WAN. Random-access memory (RAM) is a form of computer data storage. "Random" refers to the idea that any piece of data can be returned in a constant time. and trojan horses. A computer network allows sharing of resources and information among interconnected devices. It is in the form of integrated circuits that allow stored data to be accessed in any order (that is. 19. DRAM: DRAM stands for DYNAMIC RAM. regardless of its physical location and whether it is related to the previous piece of data. Because of this refresh requirement. 24. What is an Anti Virus? Antivirus or anti-virus software is used to prevent. detect. Mac etc. SRAM exhibits data remanence. worms. Since real capacitors leak charge. What is a network? A Network is a series of computers inter connected to each other. What is a RAM? RAM stands for Random Access Memory. named in honor of the error's dreaded display image of white text on a blue background. Where is the control panel & how to locate it U can directly click on start and u can see the control panel icon on the right side. Linux. Windows 7. Examples: Windows XP. Or U can directly open my computer & look for the control panel icon on the left side in other places. consisting of programs and data. the information eventually fades unless the capacitor charge is refreshed periodically. spanning the Earth. and remove computer viruses. Windows 2000. 22. Vista. such as a city) 21. Kaspersky. Eg: Avast. unlike dynamic RAM (DRAM). Dynamic random access memory (DRAM) is a type of random access memory that stores each bit of data in a separate capacitor within an integrated circuit. Static random access memory (SRAM) is a type of semiconductor memory where the word static indicates that. Norton etc.with a copy of the TCP/IP program just as every other computer that you may send messages to or get information from also has a copy of TCP/IP. 18. that runs on computers and manages computer hardware resources and provides common services for efficient execution of various application software. What is an Operating System? An operating system (OS) is software. AVG. Blue Screen Error? Blue screen error or blue screen of death (BSOD). spyware... and other forms of malware. Types of RAM: 2 Types SRAM: SRAM stands for STATIC RAM. it is a dynamic memory as opposed to SRAM and other static memory. Types of Networks? LAN. as SRAM uses bistable latching circuitry to store each bit. The Internet is the largest WAN. 20. the BSOD is generated by the operating system when it has suddenly .

The system locks up and must be rebooted. The blue screen may include some hexadecimal values from a core dump that can potentially be used to determine what caused the crash.terminated with an error. . and the screen turns entirely blue. Simply: A crash in Windows that causes the computer to lock up. 25. The solution is to reboot.