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лабораторная работа модуль “Materials science” 7 semester

Laboratory work. Materials science. I. Listening section Listen to the news and fill in the gaps: Scientists in the USA say they are a 1) __________ closer to developing materials that could make people invisible. Researchers at the University of California have found a way to 2) __________ humans and objects using special materials that 3) __________ light around things. The findings, led by Professor Xiang Zhang, were published in the 4) __________ ‘Nature’ and ‘Science’. Zhang works at the Nanoscale Science and Engineering Centre at the university. His team developed a 5) __________ of artificial “meta-materials” on a microscopic 6) __________ that is measured in billionths of a metre. The researchers said the special “fishnet structure” of the nano- 7) __________ objects do not absorb or reflect light, which makes them seem invisible. They 8) __________ the light to “water flowing around a rock". The new discovery is a 9) __________ step forward from earlier technology that only allowed the concealing of two-dimensional 10) __________. In the future, scientists could make “invisibility clothing” to 11) __________ people and large objects. However, scientists are still a long 12) __________ from designing and manufacturing invisibility cloaks. The U.S. military is extremely interested in developing this 13) __________ to bring the technology to the 14) __________. The U.S. Army Research Office funded part of Dr. Zhang’s research. The technology could also lead to more powerful microscopes that are able to look more 15) __________ at living cells and even tinier objects. This means scientists could look at how viruses are formed and how they 16) __________. Watch the video about materials science and fill in the missing words you hear: 1) Every part of our lives depend on … . 2) Like our … we need staff in our daily life, but the way we do things has changed a lot. 3) Today scientists and … in thee area of material research start very, very small, with atoms and molecules, but the … are huge. 4) You may think of something useful, in fact, many materials scientists do just that by … things people can use. 5) What kind of bottle should it be? Like …, unbreakable, …, waterproof. 6) It has to do the way atoms and molecules inside the bottle are … … . 7) Materials science is everywhere, there is … … about it. 8) Why the world works today, it is because of the … of materials. 9) It is the way we solve a lot of major and serious … . 10) You use more advanced materials, they perform better and suddenly you got a .. that can do a million of … in a second.

лабораторная работа модуль “Materials science” 7 semester

II. Reading section “Recyclable Materials” Fill in the most suitable word from the ones indicated below: ALLMINUM COPPER GLASS PLASTIC RUBBER STEEL

1. __________ Scrap can be sorted easily using magnetism. If the metal is galvanized (coated with zinc) the zinc is fully recyclable. If it is stainless steel, other metals mixed with the iron, such as chromium and nickel, can also be recovered and recycled. 2. ___________ Sorting is critical, as there are key differences between the clear and coloured material used in bottles and jars, and high-grade material used in engineering applications, which contains traces of metals. 3. ___________ Scarcity makes recycling especially desirable, and justifies the cost of removing insulation from electric wires, which are a major source of scrap. Pure metal can also be recovering from alloys derived from it, notably brass (which also contains quantities of zinc, and often lead) and bronze (which contains tin). 4. ___________ The cost of melting down existing metal is significantly cheaper than the energy-intensive process of electrolysis, which is required to extract new metal from ore. 5. ____________ Tyres are the primary source of recyclable material. These can be reused whole in certain applications. They can also be ground into crumbs which have varied uses. 6. ____________ An obstacle to recycling is the need to sort waste carefully. While some types can be melted down for reuse, many cannot, or result in low-grade material.

Vocabulary section

Explain the minute of the following words: Ductility Brittle Rigid Crack Mineralization IV. Grammar section Translate the following sentences into English: a) Плотность – это количество массы в единице объема. b) Жесткость – это отношение приложенной силы на единицу площади к частичной упругой деформации. c) Ковкие материалы могут поглощать энергию путем деформации в отличии от хрупких металлов. d) Структура длиной кости похожа на бамбуковую трость. e) Нано технологии благодаря микроскопическим размерам могут изменить будущее всего человечества. V. Inner speech section Answer the following questions: a) What makes the spring stretch? b) Where is aluminum used because of its light weight? c) When stiffness is important? d) What is Young modulus? e) How are a human skeleton and ceramics connected?