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UNIT I SURVEYING & CIVIL ENGINEERING MATERIALS SURVEYING Part A 1. Define surveying. 2. What are the objectives of surveying? 3.

Write the classification of surveying. 4. State the two principles of surveying. 5. What are the instruments used for chain surveying? 6. Differentiate plane surveying & geodetic surveying. 7. What is meant by well conditioned triangle? 8. Write the advantages & disadvantages chain surveying. 9. Define magnetic bearing? 10.Define true bearing? 11.What are the instruments used for leveling? 12.List out any four surveying instruments used for measuring distance and angles. 13.What is the difference between plan & a map? 14.What s meant by leveling? 15.Mention the methods to calculating reduction of levels. 16.List the types of leveling staff? 17.Define benchmark? 18.What is meant by back sight & fore sight? 19.List the types of theodolite.

Part B

1. Give the classification of surveys. List the advantages & disadvantages of chain surveying. 2. What are the different operations to be performed in chain surveying? 3. Explain in detail about chain surveying. 4. Describe the following with neat sketches i) metric chain ii) leveling staff iii) ranging rod & arrows 5. Explain in detail about theodolite surveying. 6. Explain in detail about compass surveying. 7. Discuss in detail about the essential parts of transit theodolite. 8. Distinguish between i. True bearing and magnetic bearing ii. Whole circle bearing and reduced bearing iii. Fore bearing and back bearing 9. Convert the following whole circle bearings of lines to quadrantal bearings i) 22° 30' ii) 170° 12' iii) 211° 54' iv) 327° 54' 10.Convert the following quadrantal bearings of lines to whole circle bearings i) N43° 30'E ii) S31° 36'E iii) S68° 13'W iv) N50° 45'W 11.The following are the observed fore bearings of some lines in a traverse, find the back bearing. i) AB =50° 30' ii) BC = 163° 12' iii) CD = 255° 30' iv) DE= 312° 54' 12.A series of offsets were taken from a chain line to curved line to a curved boundary line at intervals of 15meters in the following order 0,2.65,3.85,4.65,3.60,4.95,5.85m compare the area between the chain line, the curved boundary and the end offset by i) trapezoidal rule iii)Simpson’s rule 13.Compare the height of collimation method with rise and fall method. 14.The following staff readings were taken with a level, the instrument having been shifted after third and seventh readings 2.340,1.725,0.625,2.890,2.200,1.420,0.805,0.505,1.485,0.980 enter the above readings in a page of level book and calculate the reduced level of the points using i)height of instrument method ii) rise and fall method , if the first was taken with a staff held on a bench mark of +200.000m

CIVIL ENGINEERING MATERIALS Part A 1. List the types of classification of soil. 2. What are the requirements of good qualities of stone? 3. What is meant by quarrying? 4. What is meant by dressing of a stone? 5. What are the uses of stones? 6. List some varieties of building stone. 7. What are the compositions of good brick earth? 8. What are qualities good brick? 9. What are the uses of brick? 10.List the classification of bricks based on quality. 11.Mention some special types of bricks? 12.What are the constituents of Portland cement? 13.What are uses of cement? 14.List the types of cement. 15.What is meant by clinkers? 16.Mention the operations involved in the manufacture of Portland cement? 17.List the different types of steel? 18.What are the commercial forms of steel? 19.What are the advantages of concrete over the building materials? 20.What is meant by proportioning of concrete? 21.Define water cement ratio? 22.List the different types of concrete. 23.What is meant by curing of concrete? 24.Define workability of concrete? 25.What are the uses of concrete? 26.Write the advantages of concrete? 27.What are the constituents of concrete? 28.What are the factors affecting workability? 29.List the various stages of manufacturing of concrete.

Part B 1. Describe different classification of rocks. 2. Briefly explain some important varieties of building stone. 3. Lists the good qualities and uses of building stone. 4. What are the diff types of cement? Explain their properties and uses. 5. State properties and uses of cement concrete. 6. Explain in detail about manufacturing of brick. 7. Explain in detail about manufacturing of cement. 8. State the general properties of cement. 9. List the various types of concrete in detail. Discuss uses of cement concrete? 10.What are the desirable qualities of cement? 11.Explain in detail about classification of rocks. 12.Write short notes on i) quarrying of stones ii) dressing of stones 13.Explain their uses and qualities of good brick earth.

UNIT II BUILDING COMPONENTS & STRUCTURES Part A 1. Define foundation. 2. What is mean by sub structure and super structure? 3. What I mean by bearing capacity? 4. Define ultimate bearing capacity. 5. What I a pile foundation? 6. Distinguish between shallow and deep foundation. 7. Mention the types of shallow & deep foundation. 8. What are the methods to improve the bearing capacity of soil? 9. What are the functions of foundation? 10.Mention the types of pile foundation. 11.Give the lists of types of bond in a brick work. 12.What are the types of stone masonry? 13.Lists the types of flooring. 14.What are the various materials used for roof covering? 15.Define plastering? List the types of plastering. 16.List the types of dam. 17.What are the necessities of bridges? 18.Compare stone and brick masonry. 19.What is a lintel? 20.What is a column? 21.What are the basic components of bridge? 22.What is a dam? 23.What are various purpose of dam? 24.What is meant by gravity dam? 25.List various modes of failure of gravity dams. 26.What is a buttress dam? 27.What is an earth dam? List the types of earth dams.

Part B 1. Explain with sketches of shallow foundation and deep foundation. 2. Describe with neat sketches of pile foundation. 3. What are the points to be observed while supervising the brick work? 4. Distinguish between shallow and deep foundation. 5. Distinguish between English bond and Flemish bond. 6. Give a note on roofing. 7. Draw a neat sketches of RCC roof and explain. 8. Explain construction of mosaic tile flooring. 9. Explain in details about types of floorings with neat sketch 10.Define plastering. What are the objectives and requirements good plasters? 11.Describe with neat sketches Arch culvert , T-beam and Slab Bridge. 12.Classify the bridges. Draw the cross section of a bridge and explain its components. 13.Explain briefly about defects in plastering and plastering technique. 14.What are the different types of roofing? what are their merits? 15.Draw a neat sketch of reinforced concrete column and explain? 16.Sketch a wooden slope roofs. 17.Draw a neat sketch of R.C.C Lintels and explain? 18.Draw a neat sketch of R.C.C columns and explain? 19.Explain in details about types of R.C.C beams with neat sketch. 20.Explain in details about types of R.C.C slabs with neat sketch. 21.What are the various types of bridge? Explain in detail?

UNIT – III POWER PLANTS, TURBINES & PUMPS PART – A 1. Define Power plant. 2. List out the classification of Power plants. 3. What are all the factors to be considered in Power plant design? 4. What are the four main circuits of Steam power plant? 5. What is the purpose of the Economizer? 6. What is the purpose of flue gases? 7. Why we use a super heater in a steam power plant? 8. What are parameters in selection of site for Steam power plant? 9. List the merits of Thermal power plant. 10.List the demerits of Thermal power plant. 11.How we classify the Gas turbine power plant? 12.What is the purpose of Intercooler in Gas turbine plant? 13.What is the purpose of regenerator in Gas turbine plant? 14.What is the purpose of Reheater in Gas turbine plant? 15.List the merits of Gas turbine power plant. 16.List the demerits of Gas turbine power plant. 17.What is the purpose of Muffler in Diesel power plant? 18.Why we need compressed air for Diesel power plant? 19.List the merits of Diesel power plant. 20.List the demerits of Diesel power plant. 21.List the applications of Diesel power plant. 22.How do we classify a Hydro Electric power plant? 23.What is the purpose of Surge tank? 24.What is the purpose of draft tube? 25.Define Water Hammer. 26.List the merits of Hydro Electric power plant. 27.List the demerits of Hydro Electric power plant. 28.List the applications of Hydro Electric power plant. 29.What is meant by Chain reaction? 30.What is moderator?

31.What is the purpose of Control rods? 32.Define Cladding. 33.What is reflector? 34.What is Biological shield? 35.What are the types of Nuclear power plant? 36.What is the purpose of heat exchanger in a Nuclear power plant? 37.List the merits of Nuclear power plant. 38.List the demerits of Nuclear power plant. 39.Define Pump. 40.How do we classify the Pumps? 41.What is the purpose of Air vessels? 42.List the parts of Centrifugal pump. 43.What is an Impeller? 44.List the different types of casings. 45.Define Priming. 46.Define Cavitation. 47.What are the effects of Cavitation? 48.What are the precautions against Cavitation? 49.List the applications of Centrifugal pump. 50.List the difference between reciprocating pump & centrifugal pump. 51.What is a Turbine? 52.How do we classify the steam turbines? 53.What is an Impulse turbine? 54.What is meant by Compounding of Steam turbine? 55.What are the methods of Compounding? 56.What are the advantages & disadvantages of Pressure compounding? 57.What are the advantages & disadvantages of Velocity compounding? 58.What are the advantages & disadvantages of Pressure Velocity compounding? 59.What is meant by Reaction turbine? 60.What are the components of a Reaction turbine? 61.List the difference between Impulse Turbine & Reaction turbine. 62.How we classify the Hydraulic turbines? 63.What is a Runner? 64.List the difference between Open cycle gas turbine & closed cycle gas turbine. 65.List the applications of gas turbine.

66.What are the limitations of Gas turbine? PART – B 1. Explain the working and construction of a Hydro Electric power plant in detail. 2. Explain the working and construction of a Thermal power plant in detail. 3. Explain the working and construction of a Nuclear power plant in detail. 4. Explain the working and construction of a Gas turbine power plant in detail. 5. Explain the working and construction of a Diesel power plant in detail. 6. Explain the working and construction of a Pelton Wheel Turbine in detail. 7. Explain the working and construction of a Kaplan Turbine plant in detail. 8. Explain the working and construction of a Francis Turbine in detail. 9. Explain the working and construction of a Single Acting Reciprocating Pump in detail. 10.Explain the working and construction of a Double Acting Reciprocating Pump in detail. 11.Explain the working and construction of a Centrifugal Pump in detail.

UNIT – IV IC ENGINES PART – A 1. Define IC engines. 2. What are the advantages of IC engines over External Combustion engines? 3. List the applications of IC engines. 4. How do we classify IC engines? 5. List out the main components of IC engine. 6. What are all the components & operations done inside a cylinder block? 7. Define Gudgeon Pin. 8. What is meant by Piston rings? Mention its types. 9. What is Crank shaft? What is its purpose? 10.Define Bore & Stroke. 11.Define TDC & BDC. 12.Define Clearance volume. 13.Define Compression ratio. 14.Define Swept volume. 15.Define Mean Effective Pressure. 16.What is purpose of cam shaft in four stroke engine? 17.What are the processes takes place in an IC engine? 18.Define SI engine. 19.Define CI engine. 20.What happens in a power stroke? 21.List out the applications of four stroke & two stroke engines. 22.Define Scavenging. 23.List out the advantages of two stroke engine. 24.List out the disadvantages of two stroke engine. 25.List out the advantages of four stroke engine. 26.List out the disadvantages of four stroke engine. 27.List out the advantages of SI engine. 28.List out the disadvantages of SI engine. 29.List out the advantages of SI engine. 30.List out the advantages of CI engine. 31.List out the disadvantages of CI engine. 32.How ignition takes place in CI engine?

33.What is a Distributor? What is its purpose? 34.Mention the differences between Battery Ignition system & Magneto Ignition system. 35.What is Spark plug? 36.Define Carburretor. 37.What is the purpose of throttle valve? 38.What is the purpose of Fuel pump? 39.How does a fuel injector works? 40.Define Strangler. 41.Define Atomiser. 42.What is the purpose of a choke? 43.What is the purpose of cooling in an IC engine? 44.What are types of cooling systems used in IC engine? 45.Why do we need Lubrication in an IC engine? 46.What is purpose of scoop? 47.Why we call Thermosyphon system of cooling as Forced water cooling system? 48.Define Boiler. 49.Define Steam. 50.What are the components of a Boiler? 51.What are the requirements of a Boiler? 52.What are the parameters of selecting a Boiler? 53.How do we classify steam boiler? 54.List out the difference between water tube boiler & fir tube boiler. 55.Define High pressure boilers. 56.List the boiler mountings. 57.List the boiler accessories. 58.Why do we need safety valve in a boiler? 59.What is the purpose of fusible plug? 60.What is Man hole? Why do we need it? 61.What is blow off cock? 62.What is the purpose of blow off cock? 63.List the boiler accessories. 64.What is purpose of Air Preheater and also mention its advantages. 65.What is the purpose of Super heater? 66.What is the purpose of Steam separator?

67.What is the purpose of Steam trap? 68.What is the purpose of feed pump? 69.List the difference between Boiler mountings and boiler accessories. 70.What are the advantages of Economizer? PART – B 1. Explain the working & construction of a Babcock & Wilcox (water tube) boiler with neat sketch in detail. 2. Explain the working & construction of a Lancashire or Cochran (fire tube) boiler with neat sketch in detail. 3. Explain the working & construction of a Benson boiler with neat sketch in detail. 4. Explain the working & construction of a Lamont boiler with neat sketch in detail. 5. Explain the working & construction of a two stroke diesel engine with neat sketch in detail. 6. Explain the working & construction of a two stroke petrol engine with neat sketch in detail. 7. Explain the working & construction of a four stroke diesel engine with neat sketch in detail. 8. Explain the working & construction of a four stroke petrol engine with neat sketch in detail. 9. Explain the working & construction of a Pressure lubrication system with neat sketch in detail. 10.Explain the working & construction of a Splash lubrication system with neat sketch in detail 11.Explain the working & construction of Battery Ignition system with neat sketch in detail. 12.Explain the working & construction of Magneto Ignition system with neat sketch in detail. 13.Explain the working & construction of a Single jet carburetor with neat sketch in detail. 14.Compare SI engine with CI engine. 15.List out the comparison of two stroke engine and four stroke engine. 16.Explain the construction of all main components in an IC engine with neat sketch in detail.

UNIT – V REFRIGERATION & AIRCONDITIONING PART – A 1. Define Refrigeration. 2. What is Refrigerator? 3. Define capacity of refrigerator. 4. Define Ton of Refrigeration. 5. What is meant by Refrigerating effect? 6. Define COP. 7. List the applications of refrigeration. 8. List out the classification of refrigeration system. 9. Write a note on principle of Vapour Compression refrigeration system. 10.Write a note on principle of Vapour Absorption refrigeration system. 11.What is function of an Expansion valve? 12.List the advantages of Vapour Compression refrigeration system. 13.List the disadvantages of Vapour Compression refrigeration system. 14.What is purpose of Absorber? 15.What is purpose of Rectifier? 16.List the advantages of Vapour Absorption refrigeration system. 17.List the disadvantages of Vapour Absorption refrigeration system. 18.What is a Refrigerant? 19.List the properties of refrigerants. 20.Name some of the commonly used refrigerants. 21.Define Psychrometry. 22.Define moist air. 23.Define DBT. 24.Define WBT. 25.Define DPT. 26.Define WBD. 27.Define DPD. 28.Define Humidity. 29.Define Specific Humidity. 30.Define Relative Humidity. 31.Define degree of saturation. 32.List out the classification of Air conditioning system.

33.Why we use capillary tube? 34.What is the purpose of damper? 35.List the advantages of Split AC over Window AC. 36.List the disadvantages of Split AC. PART – B 1. Explain the working & construction of a Vapour Compression refrigeration system with neat sketch in detail. 2. Explain the working & construction of a Vapour Absorption refrigeration system with neat sketch in detail. 3. Explain the working & construction of a Refrigerator with neat sketch in detail. 4. Explain the working & construction of a Split Room Air Conditioner with neat sketch in detail. 5. Explain the working & construction of a Window Room Air Conditioner with neat sketch in detail.